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agmatine effect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763645/agmatine-potentiates-neuroprotective-effects-of-subthreshold-concentrations-of-ketamine-via-mtor-s6-kinase-signaling-pathway
#1
Mauren K Tavares, Suellen Dos Reis, Nicolle Platt, Isabella A Heinrich, Ingrid A V Wolin, Rodrigo B Leal, Manuella P Kaster, Ana Lúcia S Rodrigues, Andiara E Freitas
Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is one of the most robust neurobiological findings in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) over the last 40 years. The persistent increase in glucocorticoids levels induces morphological and anatomical changes in the brain, especially in the hippocampus. Ketamine represents a major advance for the treatment of MDD, however the psychotomimetic effects of this compound limit its widespread use. Agmatine is a neuromodulator that has been shown to be a putative novel and well-tolerated antidepressant/augmenter drug...
May 12, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653182/detection-of-biogenic-amines-and-microbial-safety-assessment-of-novel-meju-fermented-with-addition-of-nelumbo-nucifera-ginkgo-biloba-and-allium-sativum
#2
Shruti Shukla, Jong Suk Lee, Vivek K Bajpai, Shivraj Hariram Nile, Yun Suk Huh, Young-Kyu Han, Myunghee Kim
Meju, a cooked and fermented soy bean based food product, is used as a major ingredient in Korean traditional fermented foods such as Doenjang. We developed a novel type of Meju using single and combined extracts of Allium sativum (garlic clove), Nelumbo nucifera (lotus leaves), and Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo leaves) at 1% and 10% concentrations to improve the safety of Meju-based fermented products. Biogenic amines (BAs) in protein-rich fermented food products pose considerable toxical risks. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of adding selected plant extracts in Meju samples during fermentation...
April 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605732/bradykinin-potentiating-peptide-10c-an-argininosuccinate-synthetase-activator-protects-against-h-2-o-2-induced-oxidative-stress-in-sh-sy5y-neuroblastoma-cells
#3
Samyr Machado Querobino, César Augusto João Ribeiro, Carlos Alberto-Silva
Bradykinin-potentiating peptides (BPPs - 5a, 7a, 9a, 10c, 11e, and 12b) of Bothrops jararaca (Bj) were described as argininosuccinate synthase (AsS) activators, improving L-arginine availability. Agmatine and polyamines, which are L-arginine metabolism products, have neuroprotective properties. Here, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of low molecular mass fraction from Bj venom (LMMF) and two synthetic BPPs (BPP-10c, <ENWPHPQIPP; BPP-12b, <EWGRPPGPPIPP) in the SH-SY5Y cell line against H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress...
March 29, 2018: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573854/nitric-oxide-involvement-in-additive-antidepressant-like-effect-of-agmatine-and-lithium-in-mice-forced-swim-test
#4
Sattar Ostadhadi, Abbas Norouzi-Javidan, Vahid Nikoui, Samira Zolfaghari, Abouzar Moradi, Ahmad Reza Dehpour
Lithium is still the main agent in the management of mood disorders such as depression. Likewise, agmatine protects the central nervous system (CNS) against depression. The aim of the present study was to examine the possible additive antidepressant-like effect of agmatine and lithium in mice forced swim test (FST) as well as exploration of the probable involvement of nitric oxide (NO) pathway in this response. Results showed that pretreatment with a subeffective dose of agmatine (0.01 mg/kg) augmented the antidepressant-like effect of lithium subeffective dose (3 mg/kg) (P < 0...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558430/effects-of-mutations-and-ligands-on-the-thermostability-of-the-l-arginine-agmatine-antiporter-adic-and-deduced-insights-into-ligand-binding-of-human-l-type-amino-acid-transporters
#5
Hüseyin Ilgü, Jean-Marc Jeckelmann, Claire Colas, Zöhre Ucurum, Avner Schlessinger, Dimitrios Fotiadis
The l-arginine/agmatine transporter AdiC is a prokaryotic member of the SLC7 family, which enables pathogenic enterobacteria to survive the extremely acidic gastric environment. Wild-type AdiC from Escherichia coli, as well as its previously reported point mutants N22A and S26A, were overexpressed homologously and purified to homogeneity. A size-exclusion chromatography-based thermostability assay was used to determine the melting temperatures ( T m s) of the purified AdiC variants in the absence and presence of the selected ligands l-arginine (Arg), agmatine, l-arginine methyl ester, and l-arginine amide...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530492/agmatine-inhibits-nicotine-withdrawal-induced-cognitive-deficits-in-inhibitory-avoidance-task-in-rats-contribution-of-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptors
#6
Nandkishor R Kotagale, Mir Touseef Ali, Chandrabhan T Chopde, Milind J Umekar, Brijesh G Taksande
Nicotine abstinence following chronic exposure is associated with impairments in memory and variety of cognitive functions. Daily nicotine (2 mg/kg, sc, four times daily) administration for 14 days and its abrupt withdrawal significantly impaired avoidance learning in inhibitory avoidance task as indicated by a significant decrease in the step through latency. Animals injected with agmatine (10-40 μg/rat, icv) from day 7 to 14 before the first daily dose of nicotine (2 mg/kg, sc) showed increased step through latencies during retrieval test...
April 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487337/homoarginine-and-inhibition-of-human-arginase-activity-kinetic-characterization-and-biological-relevance
#7
S Tommasi, D J Elliot, M Da Boit, S R Gray, B C Lewis, A A Mangoni
The inhibition of arginase, resulting in higher arginine (ARG) availability for nitric oxide synthesis, may account for the putative protective effect of homoarginine (HOMOARG) against atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. However, uncertainty exists regarding the significance of HOMOARG-induced arginase inhibition in vivo. A novel UPLC-MS method, measuring the conversion of ARG to ornithine (ORN), was developed to determine arginase 1 and arginase 2 inhibition by HOMOARG, lysine (LYS), proline (PRO), agmatine (AG), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), and NG-Monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA)...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377255/agmatine-co-treatment-attenuates-allodynia-and-structural-abnormalities-in-cisplatin-induced-neuropathy-in-rats
#8
Basak Donertas, Cigdem Cengelli Unel, Sule Aydin, Emel Ulupinar, Orhan Ozatik, Bilgin Kaygisiz, Engin Yildirim, Kevser Erol
Cisplatin is a widely used antineoplastic agent in the treatment of various cancers. Peripheral neuropathy is a well-known side effect of cisplatin and has potential to result in limiting and/or reducing the dose, decreasing the quality of life. Thus, effective treatments are needed. Agmatine is an endogenous neuromodulator that has been shown to exert antiallodynic effects in various animal studies. The first aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of agmatine on cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity...
January 29, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302750/decreased-plasma-agmatine-levels-in-autistic-subjects
#9
Erman Esnafoglu, İlhan İrende
Agmatine is a polyamine endogenously synthesized from arginine and is considered to be a new neurotransmitter. Agmatine has been implicated in the pathophysiology of several diseases such as anxiety disorder, depression, and schizophrenia. Agmatine also possesses anticonvulsant, neuroprotective, antiapoptotic, antioxidant, anxiolytic, and antidepressant effects. Furthermore, agmatine inhibits the nitric oxide synthase enzyme and exerts antagonist effects on NMDA, alpha-2, and imidazoline receptors. Considering these characteristics, the present study investigated whether agmatine plays a role in the pathogenesis of autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs)...
April 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196820/functional-roles-of-agmatinase-during-the-peri-implantation-period-of-pregnancy-in-sheep
#10
Yasser Y Lenis, Mohammed A Elmetwally, Wanjin Tang, Carey Satterfield, Kathrin Dunlap, Guoyao Wu, Fuller W Bazer
This study investigated the effect of agmatine (Agm) in proliferation of ovine trophecdoderm cells (oTr1) as well as the importance of the arginine decarboxylase (ADC) and agmatinase (AGMAT) alternative pathway for synthesis of polyamines in ovine conceptuses during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy. Morpholino antisense oligonucleotides (MAOs) were used to inhibit translation of mRNAs for ODC1 alone, AGMAT alone, and their combination. Rambouillet ewes (N = 50) were assigned randomly to the following treatments on Day 8 of pregnancy: MAO control (n = 10); MAO-ODC1 (n = 8); MAO-ADC (n = 6); MAO-ODC1:MAO-ADC (n = 9); or MAO-ODC1:MAO-AGMAT (n = 9)...
February 2018: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195160/modulation-of-the-anticonvulsant-effect-of-swim-stress-by-agmatine
#11
Taraneh Bahremand, Pooya Payandemehr, Kiarash Riazi, Ali Reza Noorian, Borna Payandemehr, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Ahmad Reza Dehpour
Agmatine is an endogenous l-arginine metabolite with neuroprotective effects in the stress-response system. It exerts anticonvulsant effects against several seizure paradigms. Swim stress induces an anticonvulsant effect by activation of endogenous antiseizure mechanisms. In this study, we investigated the interaction of agmatine with the anticonvulsant effect of swim stress in mice on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizure threshold. Then we studied the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) pathway and endogenous opioid system in that interaction...
January 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190068/structural-and-functional-basis-for-targeting-campylobacter-jejuni-agmatine-deiminase-to-overcome-antibiotic-resistance
#12
Roger Shek, Devon A Dattmore, Devin P Stives, Ashley L Jackson, Christa H Chatfield, Katherine A Hicks, Jarrod B French
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common bacterial cause of gastroenteritis and a major contributor to infant mortality in the developing world. The increasing incidence of antibiotic-resistant C. jejuni only adds to the urgency to develop effective therapies. Because of the essential role that polyamines play, particularly in protection from oxidative stress, enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of these metabolites are emerging as promising antibiotic targets. The recent description of an alternative pathway for polyamine synthesis, distinct from that in human cells, in C...
December 26, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093636/agmatine-modulates-the-phenotype-of-macrophage-acute-phase-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#13
Jae Hwan Kim, Jae Young Kim, Chin Hee Mun, Minah Suh, Jong Eun Lee
Agmatine is a decarboxylated arginine by arginine decarboxylase. Agmatine is known to be a neuroprotective agent. It has been reported that agmatine works as a NMDA receptor blocker or a competitive nitric oxide synthase inhibitor in CNS injuries. In spinal cord injury, agmatine showed reduction of neuropathic pain, improvement of locomotor function, and neuroprotection. Macrophage is a key cellular component in neuroinflammation, a major cause of impairment after spinal cord injury. Macrophage has subtypes, M1 and M2 macrophages...
October 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061813/effect-of-agmatine-sulfate-on-modulation-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-via-pi3k-akt-1-in-ht1080-cells
#14
Hyejeong Kim, Moon-Moo Kim
BACKGROUND/AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which agmatine sulfate induces an anti-metastatic effect in human HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells, by affecting matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the experiments, we used a non-toxic concentration of agmatine, below 512 μM, that was determined using an MTT assay. The effect of agmatine sulfate on metastasis was gelatin zymography, western blot, immunofluorescence staining and cell invasion assay...
November 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893640/agmatine-attenuates-intestinal-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-reaction-in-rats
#15
Inci Turan, Hale Sayan Ozacmak, V Haktan Ozacmak, Figen Barut, Mehmet Araslı
AIMS: Oxidative stress and inflammatory response are major factors causing several tissue injuries in intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). Agmatine has been reported to attenuate I/R injury of various organs. The present study aims to analyze the possible protective effects of agmatine on intestinal I/R injury in rats. MAIN METHODS: Four groups were designed: sham control, agmatine-treated control, I/R control, and agmatine-treated I/R groups. IR injury of small intestine was induced by the occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery for half an hour to be followed by a 3-hour-long reperfusion...
November 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842257/antidepressant-and-pro-neurogenic-effects-of-agmatine-in-a-mouse-model-of-stress-induced-by-chronic-exposure-to-corticosterone
#16
Gislaine Olescowicz, Vivian B Neis, Daiane B Fraga, Priscila B Rosa, Dayane P Azevedo, Fernando Falkenburger Melleu, Patricia S Brocardo, Joana Gil-Mohapel, Ana Lúcia S Rodrigues
Agmatine is an endogenous neuromodulator that has been shown to have beneficial effects in the central nervous system, including antidepressant-like effects in animals. In this study, we investigated the ability of agmatine (0.1mg/kg, p.o.) and the conventional antidepressant fluoxetine (10mg/kg, p.o.) to reverse the behavioral effects and morphological alterations in the hippocampus of mice exposed to chronic corticosterone (20mg/kg, p.o.) treatment for a period of 21days as a model of stress and depressive-like behaviors...
August 24, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837867/the-inhibition-of-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-and-oxidative-stress-by-agmatine-attenuates-vascular-dysfunction-in-rat-acute-endotoxemic-model
#17
Mohammed S El-Awady, Manar A Nader, Maha H Sharawy
Vascular dysfunction leading to hypotension is a major complication in patients with septic shock. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) together with oxidative stress play an important role in development of vascular dysfunction in sepsis. Searching for an endogenous, safe and yet effective remedy was the chief goal for this study. The current study investigated the effect of agmatine (AGM), an endogenous metabolite of l-arginine, on sepsis-induced vascular dysfunction induced by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in rats...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777310/anti-atherosclerotic-action-of-agmatine-in-apoe-knockout-mice
#18
Anna Wiśniewska, Rafał Olszanecki, Justyna Totoń-Żurańska, Katarzyna Kuś, Aneta Stachowicz, Maciej Suski, Anna Gębska, Mariusz Gajda, Jacek Jawień, Ryszard Korbut
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease in which dysfunction of mitochondria play an important role, and disorders of lipid management intensify this process. Agmatine, an endogenous polyamine formed by decarboxylation of arginine, exerts a protective effect on mitochondria and modulates fatty acid metabolism. We investigated the effect of exogenous agmatine on the development of atherosclerosis and changes in lipid profile in apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE-/-) mice. Agmatine caused an approximate 40% decrease of atherosclerotic lesions, as estimated by en face and cross-section methods with an influence on macrophage but not on smooth muscle content in the plaques...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747403/agmatine-multifunctional-arginine-metabolite-and-magic-bullet-in-clinical-neuroscience
#19
REVIEW
Gregor Laube, Hans-Gert Bernstein
Agmatine, the decarboxylation product of arginine, was largely neglected as an important player in mammalian metabolism until the mid-1990s, when it was re-discovered as an endogenous ligand of imidazoline and α2 -adrenergic receptors. Since then, a wide variety of agmatine-mediated effects have been observed, and consequently agmatine has moved from a wallflower existence into the limelight of clinical neuroscience research. Despite this quantum jump in scientific interest, the understanding of the anabolism and catabolism of this amine is still vague...
July 26, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725942/l-arginine-supplementation-prevents-allodynia-and-hyperalgesia-in-painful-diabetic-neuropathic-rats-by-normalizing-plasma-nitric-oxide-concentration-and-increasing-plasma-agmatine-concentration
#20
Lusliany J Rondón, M C Farges, N Davin, B Sion, A M Privat, M P Vasson, A Eschalier, C Courteix
PURPOSE: Neuropathic pain is a common diabetic complication. It is characterized by symptoms of spontaneous and stimulus-evoked pain including hyperalgesia and allodynia. L-Arginine is a common precursor of many metabolites of biological interest, in particular, nitric oxide (NO), ornithine, and hence polyamines. In central nervous system, NO, glutamate, and polyamines share an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated effect. We hypothesized that a variation in arginine metabolism caused by diabetes may contribute to development and maintenance of neuropathic pain and to the worsening of clinical and biological signs of diabetes...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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