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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786965/l-and-d-threo-ethylphenidate-concentrations-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-in-horses
#1
Heather K Knych, Dan S McKemie, Kelsey Seminoff, Petra Hartmann, Lynn Hovda, Dionne Benson
Ethylphenidate is a psychostimulant and analogue of the commonly prescribed compound, methylphenidate (Ritalin®). There are a limited number of studies describing the disposition and pharmacologic/toxicological effects of ethylphenidate in any species. The abuse potential in equine athletes along with the limited data available regarding administration in horses necessitates further study. The objectives of the current study were to describe drug concentrations, develop an analytical method that could be used to regulate its use and describe the pharmacodynamic effects of ethylphenidate in horses...
May 22, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786626/observation-of-women-soccer-players-physiology-during-a-single-season
#2
Kathleen M Paulsen, Cory L Butts, Brendon P McDermott
Paulsen, KM, Butts, CL, and McDermott, BP. Observation of women soccer players' physiology during a single season. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1702-1707, 2018-The purpose of this study was to observe heart rate (HR) responses in match settings over the course of a conference season in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I women's soccer. Twenty-one female collegiate soccer players were provided a HR monitor and instructed to wear it for the duration of match play. Player positions included 6 defenders (DEF), 6 midfielders (MID), and 9 forwards (FWD)...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785884/morphological-changes-and-myocardial-function-assessed-by-traditional-and-novel-echocardiographic-methods-in-preadolescent-athlete-s-heart
#3
Anders W Bjerring, Hege Ew Landgraff, Svein Leirstein, Anette Aaeng, Hamza Z Ansari, Jørg Saberniak, Klaus Murbræch, Henrik Bruun, Thomas M Stokke, Kristina H Haugaa, Jostein Hallén, Thor Edvardsen, Sebastian I Sarvari
Background Athlete's heart is a term used to describe the morphological and functional changes in the hearts of athletes. Recent studies suggest that these changes may occur even in preadolescent athletes. This study aims to improve our understanding of the changes occurring in the preadolescent athlete's heart. Design and methods Cardiac morphology and function in 76 preadolescent cross-country skiers (aged 12.1 ± 0.2 years) were compared with 25 age-matched non-competing preadolescents. Echocardiography was performed in all subjects, including 2D speckle-tracking strain echocardiography and 3D echocardiography...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782639/sudden-cardiac-death-in-athletes-and-the-value-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#4
REVIEW
Sophie I Mavrogeni, Flora Bacopoulou, Despoina Apostolaki, George P Chrousos
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the non-traumatic death, due to loss of heart function that occurs suddenly and unexpectedly within 6 hours of a previously normal state of health. It is related to intense competitive sports promoting ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) in the presence of underlying abnormal substrate. A serial evaluation of cardiac physiologic changes taking place during training will allow the better understanding of athlete's heart and will facilitate its discrimination from other gray-zone cardiomyopathies...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782218/postural-control-and-physiological-responses-to-a-simulated-match-in-u-20-judo-competitors
#5
Luis Santos, Javier Fernández-Río, Eliseo Iglesias-Soler, Miguel Blanco-Traba, Markus Due Jakobsen, Vicente González-Díez, Emerson Franchini, Carlos Gutiérrez, Xurxo Dopico-Calvo, Eduardo Carballeira-Fernández, William Amonette, Oscar Suman
The aim was to evaluate the effects of judo combat on the athletes' postural control (PC) and physiological loading before, during and after a simulated match. Seventeen under-20 regional and national level athletes completed one modified 7-min match. At baseline, during the combat (3rd and 7th minutes) and 2-min post-match centre of pressure (CoP) parameters were assessed. Heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BLa) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and local RPE (LRPE) were collected. Significant increments were observed in CoP mean positioning and velocity at 3rd and 7th minutes, but the CoP deviation in both axes was unaffected...
May 21, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775081/reference-values-of-left-heart-echocardiographic-dimensions-and-mass-in-male-peri-pubertal-athletes
#6
Elena Cavarretta, Francesco Maffessanti, Fabio Sperandii, Emanuele Guerra, Federico Quaranta, Antonia Nigro, Monia Minati, Marco Rebecchi, Chiara Fossati, Leonardo Calò, Fabio Pigozzi
Background Several articles have proposed reference values in healthy paediatric subjects, but none of them has evaluated a large population of healthy trained adolescents. Design The study purpose was to establish normal echocardiographic measurements of left heart (aortic root, left atrium and left ventricular dimensions and mass) in relation to age, weight, height, body mass index, body surface area and training hours in this specific population. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 2151 consecutive, healthy, peri-pubertal athletes (100% male, mean age 12...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773412/athlete-s-heart-is-the-morganroth-hypothesis-obsolete
#7
Mark J Haykowsky, T Jake Samuel, Michael D Nelson, Andre La Gerche
In 1975, Morganroth and colleagues reported that the increased left ventricular (LV) mass in highly trained endurance athletes versus nonathletes was primarily due to increased end-diastolic volume while the increased LV mass in resistance trained athletes was solely due to an increased LV wall thickness. Based on the divergent remodelling patterns observed, Morganroth and colleagues hypothesised that the increased "volume" load during endurance exercise may be similar to that which occurs in patients with mitral or aortic regurgitation while the "pressure" load associated with performing a Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) during resistance exercise may mimic the stress imposed on the heart by systemic hypertension or aortic stenosis...
May 1, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760574/seasonal-variations-in-body-composition-maximal-oxygen-uptake-and-gas-exchange-threshold-in-cross-country-skiers
#8
Metin Polat, Selcen Korkmaz Eryılmaz, Sami Aydoğan
Introduction: In order to ensure that athletes achieve their highest performance levels during competitive seasons, monitoring their long-term performance data is crucial for understanding the impact of ongoing training programs and evaluating training strategies. The present study was thus designed to investigate the variations in body composition, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ), and gas exchange threshold values of cross-country skiers across training phases throughout a season. Materials and methods: In total, 15 athletes who participate in international cross-country ski competitions voluntarily took part in this study...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745772/specificity-elicits-higher-maximal-and-submaximal-cardiorespiratory-responses-during-a-new-taekwondo-aerobic-test
#9
Matheus Hausen, Pedro Paulo Soares, Marcus Paulo Araujo, Débora Esteves, Hilbert Julio, Roberto Tauil, Marcus Junca, Flávia Porto, Emerson Franchini, Craig Alan Bridge, Jonas Gurgel
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to propose and validate new taekwondo-specific cardiopulmonary exercise tests. METHODS: Twelve male national-level taekwondo athletes (age 20 ± 2 yrs; body mass 67.5 ± 5.7 kg; height 175 ± 8 cm; training experience 7 ± 3 yrs) performed three separate exercise tests in a randomized counterbalanced order: 1) a Treadmill Running Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET); 2) Continuous and 3) Interval Taekwondo Cardiopulmonary Exercise Tests (cTKDet and iTKDet, respectively)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745219/changes-in-doppler-echocardiography-depending-on-type-of-elite-athletes-immediately-after-maximal-exercise
#10
Saejong Park, Young J Moon, Gi-Byoung Nam, Young-Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: This study explores physiologic differences in the cardiac structure and function of elite athletes during the resting state and immediately after maximum exercise by training type compared to a healthy people of a CG. METHODS: The study focuses on elite middle-long distance group (MLDG), weightlifter group (WG), and a control group (CG). Cardiac structure, systolic function, and diastolic function were measured for all subjects at resting state and immediately after maximum exercise using echocardiography...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743827/the-effect-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-performance-biochemical-and-psychophysiological-variables-during-a-cycling-time-trial-a-crossover-randomized-trial
#11
Amanda M J Ferreira, Luiz F Farias-Junior, Thaynan A A Mota, Hassan M Elsangedy, Aline Marcadenti, Telma M A M Lemos, Alexandre H Okano, Ana P T Fayh
Background: The hypothesis of the central effect of carbohydrate mouth rinse (CMR) on performance improvement in a fed state has not been established, and its psychophysiological responses have not yet been described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CMR in athletes fed state on performance, biochemical and psychophysiological responses compared to ad libitum water intake. Methods: Eleven trained male cyclists completed a randomized, crossover trial, which consisted of a 30 km cycle ergometer at self-selected intensity and in a fed state...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741235/face-cooling-exposes-cardiac-parasympathetic-and-sympathetic-dysfunction-in-recently-concussed-college-athletes
#12
Blair D Johnson, Morgan C O'Leary, Muhamed McBryde, James R Sackett, Zachary J Schlader, John J Leddy
We tested the hypothesis that concussed college athletes (CA) have attenuated parasympathetic and sympathetic responses to face cooling (FC). Eleven symptomatic CA (age: 20 ± 2 years, 5 women) who were within 10 days of concussion diagnosis and 10 healthy controls (HC; age: 24 ± 4 years, 5 women) participated. During FC, a plastic bag filled with ice water (~0°C) was placed on the forehead, eyes, and cheeks for 3 min. Heart rate (ECG) and blood pressure (photoplethysmography) were averaged at baseline and every 60 sec during FC...
May 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740559/comparison-of-special-judo-fitness-test-and-dynamic-and-isometric-judo-chin-up-tests-performance-and-classificatory-tables-development-for-cadet-and-junior-athletes
#13
Marcus Fábio Agostinho, José Alfredo Olivio Junior, Nemanja Stankovic, Raquel Escobar-Molina, Emerson Franchini
The aims of this work were to compare the performances of male and female cadet and junior judo athletes and to develop classificatory tables to these judo-specific tests for international-level from these ages. Data collected during training camps of male and female cadet and junior judo teams from three nations (Brazil, Serbia, and Spain) were analyzed, totalizing 252 individual results of special judo fitness test (SJFT), and 222 and 208 of dynamic and isometric judogi chin-up tests, respectively. Juniors performed better than cadets in the SJFT, with higher number of throws in A, B, C, and total ( P <0...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740334/autonomic-differentiation-map-a-novel-statistical-tool-for-interpretation-of-heart-rate-variability
#14
Daniela Lucini, Nadia Solaro, Massimo Pagani
In spite of the large body of evidence suggesting Heart Rate Variability (HRV) alone or combined with blood pressure variability (providing an estimate of baroreflex gain) as a useful technique to assess the autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system, there is still an ongoing debate about methodology, interpretation, and clinical applications. In the present investigation, we hypothesize that non-parametric and multivariate exploratory statistical manipulation of HRV data could provide a novel informational tool useful to differentiate normal controls from clinical groups, such as athletes, or subjects affected by obesity, hypertension, or stress...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740332/metabolic-and-fatigue-profiles-are-comparable-between-prepubertal-children-and-well-trained-adult-endurance-athletes
#15
Anthony Birat, Pierre Bourdier, Enzo Piponnier, Anthony J Blazevich, Hugo Maciejewski, Pascale Duché, Sébastien Ratel
The aim of this study was to determine whether prepubertal children are metabolically comparable to well-trained adult endurance athletes and if this translates into similar fatigue rates during high-intensity exercise in both populations. On two different occasions, 12 prepubertal boys (10.5 ± 1.1 y), 12 untrained men (21.2 ± 1.5 y), and 13 endurance male athletes (21.5 ± 2.7 y) completed an incremental test to determine the power output at VO2max (PVO2max ) and a Wingate test to evaluate the maximal anaerobic power (Pmax ) and relative decrement in power output (i...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730745/the-heart-of-the-matter-years-saved-from-cardiovascular-and-cancer-deaths-in-an-elite-athlete-cohort-with-over-a-century-of-follow-up
#16
Juliana Antero-Jacquemin, Maja Pohar-Perme, Grégoire Rey, Jean-François Toussaint, Aurélien Latouche
To quantify the years of life saved from cardiovascular (CVD), cancer and overall deaths among elite athletes according to their main type of physiological effort performed in the Olympic Games. All French athletes participating in the Games from 1912 to 2012, with vital status validated and cause of death (if concerned) identified by the national registries were included (n = 2814, 455 died) and classified according to 6 groups of effort: POWER (continuous effort < 45 s); INTERMEDIATE (45 s ≤ continuous effort < 600 s); ENDURANCE (continuous effort ≥ 600 s); POLYVALENT (participating in different events entering different classifications), INTERMITTENT (intermittent effort, i...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726698/on-the-use-of-wearable-physiological-monitors-to-assess-heat-strain-during-occupational-heat-stress
#17
Sean R Notley, Andreas D Flouris, Glen P Kenny
Workers in many industries are required to perform arduous work in high heat stress conditions, which can lead to rapid increases in body temperature that elevate the risk of heat-related illness or even death. Traditionally, effort to mitigate work-related heat injury has been directed to the assessment of environmental heat stress (e.g., wet-bulb globe temperature), rather than the associated physiological strain responses (e.g., heart rate, skin and core temperatures). However, since a workers physiological response to a given heat stress is modified independently by inter-individual factors (e...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724975/long-term-consumption-of-energy-drinks-induces-biochemical-and-ultrastructural-alterations-in-the-heart-muscle
#18
Camelia Munteanu, Corina Rosioru, Corneliu Tarba, Camelia Lang
OBJECTIVE: Energy drinks (EDs) target young and active individuals and they are being marketed as enhancers of energy, concentration, and physical and cognitive performance. Their long-term consumption raises serious health concerns related to cardiovascular events. Here we investigate the effects of long-term Red Bull® consumption and its combination with alcohol on certain biochemical parameters and the ultrastructure of the myocardium. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were categorized into four groups and given different treatments via oral administration...
May 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716825/giant-coronary-ectasia-and-athlete-s-heart-mimicking-an-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Luis Manautou, Vicente Jimenez, Alejandro Trevino, David Rodriguez, Carlos Jerjes-Sanchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707541/personalized-hydration-strategy-attenuates-the-rise-in-heart-rate-and-in-skin-temperature-without-altering-cycling-capacity-in-the-heat
#20
Denise de Melo-Marins, Ana Angélica Souza-Silva, Gabriel Lucas Leite da Silva-Santos, Francisco de Assis Freire-Júnior, Jason Kai Wei Lee, Orlando Laitano
The optimal hydration plan [i.e., drink to thirst, ad libitum (ADL), or personalized plan] to be adopted during exercise in recreational athletes has recently been a matter of debate and, due to conflicting results, consensus does not exist. In the present investigation, we tested whether a personalized hydration strategy based on sweat rate would affect cardiovascular and thermoregulatory responses and exercise capacity in the heat. Eleven recreational male cyclists underwent two familiarization cycling sessions in the heat (34°C, 40% RH) where sweat rate was also determined...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
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