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root hair bioreactors

Jason N Burris, Scott C Lenaghan, Mingjun Zhang, C Neal Stewart
BACKGROUND: English ivy (Hedera helix) is well known for its adhesive properties and climbing ability. Essential to its ability to adhere to vertical surfaces is the secretion of a nanocomposite adhesive containing spherical nanoparticles, 60-85 nm in diameter, produced exclusively by root hairs present on adventitious roots. These organic nanoparticles have shown promise in biomedical and cosmetic applications, and represent a safer alternative to metal oxide nanoparticles currently available...
2012: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Ganapathy Sivakumar, Chunzhao Liu, Melissa J Towler, Pamela J Weathers
Hairy roots have the potential to produce a variety of valuable small and large molecules. The mist reactor is a gas phase bioreactor that has shown promise for low-cost culture of hairy roots. Using a newer, disposable culture bag, mist reactor performance was studied with two species, Artemisia annua L. and Arachis hypogaea (peanut), at scales from 1 to 20 L. Both species of hairy roots when grown at 1 L in the mist reactor showed growth rates that surpassed that in shake flasks. From the information gleaned at 1 L, Arachis was scaled further to 4 and then 20 L...
December 1, 2010: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
D Barry-Etienne, B Bertrand, N Vasquez, H Etienne
Coffea arabica L. plantlets obtained ex vitro after sowing somatic embryos produced in a bioreactor in horticultural substrate were compared with those obtained in vitro from the same embryo population under conventional culturing conditions on semi-solid media. The intensity and quality of aerial and root system development were compared. Shoot emergence was more efficient in vitro but rooting frequencies were low. In contrast, all ex vitro-regenerated embryos rooted. The cotyledon area of mature embryos produced in a bioreactor positively affected plantlet development when regeneration was carried out ex vitro...
July 2002: Annals of Botany
J L Bordonaro, W R Curtis
An experimental system was developed to produce root cultures of Hyoscyamus muticus with and without the profuse root hairs. Growth in the presence of 7.6 microM pyrene butyric acid (PBA) and 2.2 mM phosphate virtually eliminated root hairs, whereas growth rate, general morphology and nutrient yields remained unchanged in well-mixed flask culture. These root cultures were used to demonstrate decreased flow resistance in a tubular reactor as a result of root hair removal. To assess the impact on bioreactor performance, hairy and hairless root cultures were grown in a highly characterized 15-L bubble column bioreactor...
October 20, 2000: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
G R Williams, P M Doran
Rates of oxygen uptake, growth and alkaloid production by hairy roots in submerged culture were investigated using a recirculation reactor allowing operation at high liquid velocities for removal of hydrodynamic boundary layers. Measurements were performed at dissolved oxygen tensions of 31-450% air saturation. Critical oxygen concentrations for Atropa belladonna hairy roots were above air saturation, viz. 100-125% air saturation for oxygen uptake and 150% air saturation for growth, demonstrating that these roots cultivated in reactors with air sparging are oxygen-limited...
September 20, 1999: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Carvalho, Curtis
Agrobacterium transformed root cultures of Hyoscyamus muticus were grown in a recirculating 2 L tubular bioreactor system. Performance of this convective flow reactor (CFR) was compared to a bubble column (BC) reactor of the same geometry: replicated CFR experiments produced an average tissue concentration of 556 +/- 4 grams fresh weight per liter in 30 d whereas the bubble column produced only 328 +/- 5 grams per liter corresponding to 25.3 +/- 0.0 and 14.3 +/- 0.5 grams dry weight per liter, respectively...
November 5, 1998: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
B Kohring, R Baier, K Niehaus, A PĆ¼hler, E Flaschel
Lipooligosaccharides, synthesized by soil bacteria of the genera Rhizobium, are known to have multifunctional effects on a wide variety of plants as signal substances in symbiosis initiation, cell response elicitation and growth regulation. These so called nodulation (Nod-) factors represent interesting biotechnological products with respect to fundamental studies of symbiotic interactions as well as for potential applications. Therefore, a batch fermentation process on a scale of 30 l has been developed by means of the Rhizobium meliloti strain R...
December 1997: Glycoconjugate Journal
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