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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078205/reasoning-and-rehabilitation-cognitive-skills-programme-for-mentally-disordered-offenders-predictors-of-outcome
#1
Susan Young, Mrigendra Das, Gisli H Gudjonsson
AIM: To investigate factors predicting treatment completion and treatment outcome of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Mental Health Programme (R&R2MHP) cognitive skills programme for mentally disordered offenders. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data previously obtained from 97 male patients who were sectioned and detained under the United Kingdom Mental Health Act in low, medium and high security hospitals and who had completed R&R2MHP. Predictors of treatment completion included background variables and five outcome measures: Four self-reported measures of violent attitudes, social problem-solving skills, reactive anger and locus of control and an objective measure of behaviour on the ward that was completed by staff...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078204/treatment-adherence-in-bipolar-disorder-a-patient-centred-approach
#2
REVIEW
Subho Chakrabarti
About half of the patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) become non-adherent during long-term treatment, a rate largely similar to other chronic illnesses and one that has remained unchanged over the years. Non-adherence in BD is a complex phenomenon determined by a multitude of influences. However, there is considerable uncertainty about the key determinants of non-adherence in BD. Initial research on non-adherence in BD mostly limited itself to examining demographic, clinical and medication-related factors impacting adherence...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076549/training-of-pharmacy-technicians-for-dispensing-drugs-in-primary-health-care
#3
Daniela Oliveira de Melo, Caroline Godoi Rezende da Costa Molino, Eliane Ribeiro, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber
Few Brazilian articles discuss the importance of pharmacy technicians who offer direct assistance to patients. This paper describes an experience of the training of pharmacy technicians in drug dispensing. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary healthcare setting. The technicians were trained by the pharmacist to advise patients at the time of drug dispensing and to screen cases that needed pharmaceutical consultation. Problems were identified by verifying the prescription and return date for dispensing the medication as well as through direct questioning of the patients...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069990/reframing-inequality-the-health-inequalities-turn-as-a-dangerous-frame-shift
#4
Julia Lynch
BACKGROUND: Politicians in many countries have embraced the notion that health inequalities derive from socioeconomic inequalities, but European governments have for the most part failed to enact policies that would reduce underlying social inequalities. METHODS: Data are drawn from 84 in-depth interviews with policy-makers in four European countries between 2012 and 2015, qualitative content analysis of recent health inequalities policy documents, and secondary literature on the barriers to implementing evidence-based health inequalities policies...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064028/resilient-empowered-active-living-with-diabetes-real-diabetes-study-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-an-occupation-based-diabetes-management-intervention-for-young-adults
#5
Elizabeth A Pyatak, Kristine Carandang, Cheryl Vigen, Jeanine Blanchard, Paola A Sequeira, Jamie R Wood, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Robin Whittemore, Anne L Peters
OVERVIEW: This paper describes the study protocol used to evaluate the Resilient, Empowered, Active Living with Diabetes (REAL Diabetes) intervention and reports on baseline characteristics of recruited participants. REAL Diabetes is an activity-based intervention designed to address the needs of young adults diagnosed with type 1 (T1D) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) from low socioeconomic status or racial/ethnic minority backgrounds. The REAL intervention incorporates tailored delivery of seven content modules addressing various dimensions of health and well-being as they relate to diabetes, delivered by a licensed occupational therapist...
January 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063075/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-task-shifted-intervention-to-enhance-adherence-to-hiv-medication-and-improve-depression-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe-a-low-income-country-in-sub-saharan-africa
#6
Melanie Abas, Primrose Nyamayaro, Tarisai Bere, Emily Saruchera, Nomvuyo Mothobi, Victoria Simms, Walter Mangezi, Kirsty Macpherson, Natasha Croome, Jessica Magidson, Azure Makadzange, Steven Safren, Dixon Chibanda, Conall O'Cleirigh
Using a pilot trial design in an HIV care clinic in Zimbabwe, we randomised 32 adults with poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy and at least mild depression to either six sessions of Problem-Solving Therapy for adherence and depression (PST-AD) delivered by an adherence counsellor, or to Enhanced Usual Care (Control). Acceptability of PST-AD was high, as indicated by frequency of session attendance and through qualitative analyses of exit interviews. Fidelity was >80% for the first two sessions of PST-AD but fidelity to the adherence component of PST-AD dropped by session 4...
January 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048871/mo-f-204-00-preparing-for-the-abr-diagnostic-and-nuclear-medical-physics-exams
#7
Nicholas Bevins
: Adequate, efficient preparation for the ABR Diagnostic and Nuclear Medical Physics exams is key to successfully obtain ABR certification. Each part of the ABR exam presents its own challenges: Part I: Determine the scope of basic medical physics study material, efficiently review this material, and solve related written questions/problems. Part II: Understand imaging principles, modalities, and systems, including image acquisition, processing, and display. Understand the relationship between imaging techniques, image quality, patient dose and safety, and solve related written questions/problems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048733/mo-de-201-02-self-awareness
#8
J Johnson
: Medical physicists possess technical knowledge and problem solving skills required to deliver high quality diagnosis and treatment in the clinic, to provide excellence in research, or to transfer expertise in industrial or regulatory environments. As the healthcare industry rapidly evolves, medical physicists must make a case for ensuring recognition of their value. One of many ways the AAPM is working to ensure stewardship of the profession is through development of the Medical Physics Leadership Academy (MPLA)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048570/we-ab-204-05-d-i-in-nih-funding-research
#9
D Chew
: Many efforts have been made to increase diversity in the science workforce. In order for us to be competitive in innovation and ingenuity we need to reach out to any source of intellectual talent. Having greater diversity can only increase the creativity in medical physics. In order for students to succeed academically they need role models and mentors with whom they can identify. Literature has shown that racial and ethnic diversity has both direct and indirect positive effects on the educational outcomes, career advancement and motivation of students...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048504/th-c-204-00-medical-physics-workshop-an-update-on-the-journal-s-improvement-activities-and-guidance-on-writing-and-reviewing-papers
#10
Jeffrey Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048494/we-ab-204-01-welcome
#11
B Curran
: Many efforts have been made to increase diversity in the science workforce. In order for us to be competitive in innovation and ingenuity we need to reach out to any source of intellectual talent. Having greater diversity can only increase the creativity in medical physics. In order for students to succeed academically they need role models and mentors with whom they can identify. Literature has shown that racial and ethnic diversity has both direct and indirect positive effects on the educational outcomes, career advancement and motivation of students...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048422/we-ab-204-08-pathway-to-developing-d-i-program-at-aapm
#12
E Higginbotham
: Many efforts have been made to increase diversity in the science workforce. In order for us to be competitive in innovation and ingenuity we need to reach out to any source of intellectual talent. Having greater diversity can only increase the creativity in medical physics. In order for students to succeed academically they need role models and mentors with whom they can identify. Literature has shown that racial and ethnic diversity has both direct and indirect positive effects on the educational outcomes, career advancement and motivation of students...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048316/th-c-204-03-writing-good-scientific-papers-and-responding-to-critiques
#13
M Goodsitt
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048232/mo-de-201-00-medical-physics-leadership-academy
#14
Jessica Clements
: Medical physicists possess technical knowledge and problem solving skills required to deliver high quality diagnosis and treatment in the clinic, to provide excellence in research, or to transfer expertise in industrial or regulatory environments. As the healthcare industry rapidly evolves, medical physicists must make a case for ensuring recognition of their value. One of many ways the AAPM is working to ensure stewardship of the profession is through development of the Medical Physics Leadership Academy (MPLA)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048218/mo-f-204-01-preparing-for-part-1-of-the-abr-diagnostic-physics-exam
#15
S McKenney
: Adequate, efficient preparation for the ABR Diagnostic and Nuclear Medical Physics exams is key to successfully obtain ABR certification. Each part of the ABR exam presents its own challenges: Part I: Determine the scope of basic medical physics study material, efficiently review this material, and solve related written questions/problems. Part II: Understand imaging principles, modalities, and systems, including image acquisition, processing, and display. Understand the relationship between imaging techniques, image quality, patient dose and safety, and solve related written questions/problems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048074/mo-de-201-03-empathy
#16
E Ritenour
: Medical physicists possess technical knowledge and problem solving skills required to deliver high quality diagnosis and treatment in the clinic, to provide excellence in research, or to transfer expertise in industrial or regulatory environments. As the healthcare industry rapidly evolves, medical physicists must make a case for ensuring recognition of their value. One of many ways the AAPM is working to ensure stewardship of the profession is through development of the Medical Physics Leadership Academy (MPLA)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048064/mo-f-204-04-preparing-for-parts-2-3-of-the-abr-nuclear-medicine-physics-exam
#17
R MacDougall
: Adequate, efficient preparation for the ABR Diagnostic and Nuclear Medical Physics exams is key to successfully obtain ABR certification. Each part of the ABR exam presents its own challenges: Part I: Determine the scope of basic medical physics study material, efficiently review this material, and solve related written questions/problems. Part II: Understand imaging principles, modalities, and systems, including image acquisition, processing, and display. Understand the relationship between imaging techniques, image quality, patient dose and safety, and solve related written questions/problems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047910/we-ab-204-06-d-i-in-global-health
#18
T Ngoma
: Many efforts have been made to increase diversity in the science workforce. In order for us to be competitive in innovation and ingenuity we need to reach out to any source of intellectual talent. Having greater diversity can only increase the creativity in medical physics. In order for students to succeed academically they need role models and mentors with whom they can identify. Literature has shown that racial and ethnic diversity has both direct and indirect positive effects on the educational outcomes, career advancement and motivation of students...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047840/we-ab-204-02-definition-of-d-i-aapm-efforts-stephen-avery-will-ngwa
#19
S Avery
: Many efforts have been made to increase diversity in the science workforce. In order for us to be competitive in innovation and ingenuity we need to reach out to any source of intellectual talent. Having greater diversity can only increase the creativity in medical physics. In order for students to succeed academically they need role models and mentors with whom they can identify. Literature has shown that racial and ethnic diversity has both direct and indirect positive effects on the educational outcomes, career advancement and motivation of students...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047787/th-ab-bra-02-automated-triplet-beam-orientation-optimization-for-mri-guided-co-60-radiotherapy
#20
D Nguyen, D Thomas, M Cao, D O'Connor, J Lamb, K Sheng
PURPOSE: MRI guided Co-60 provides daily and intrafractional MRI soft tissue imaging for improved target tracking and adaptive radiotherapy. To remedy the low output limitation, the system uses three Co-60 sources at 120° apart, but using all three sources in planning is considerably unintuitive. We automate the beam orientation optimization using column generation, and then solve a novel fluence map optimization (FMO) problem while regularizing the number of MLC segments. METHODS: Three patients-1 prostate (PRT), 1 lung (LNG), and 1 head-and-neck boost plan (H&NBoost)-were evaluated...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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