keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical problem solving

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805770/-new-classifications-of-epilepsies-and-seizure-types-created-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#1
Ye V Makushkin, S N Oskolkova, G A Fastovtsov
First part of this review (Chapter 1) demonstrates an ambiguous attitude toward psychiatry among professionals and in society in recent decades. The articles of supporters and opponents of psychiatry are also quoted. The authors describe the dynamics of the reflection of psychopathology in the main widely accepted classifications and manuals. Critical and negative opinions regarding the DSM-5, due to its role in the 'medicalization' processes, for the movement 'World Mental Health', are mentioned. The history of antipsychiatry movement and its results for psychiatry and society are analyzed as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802837/development-of-simulation-optimization-methods-for-solving-patient-referral-problems-in-the-hospital-collaboration-environment
#2
Ping-Shun Chen, Ming-Han Lin
This research studied a patient referral problem among multiple cooperative hospitals for sharing imaging services' referrals. The proposed problem consisted of many types of patients and the uncertainty associated with the number of patients of each type, patients' arrival time, and patients' medical operation time, leading to a difficulty in finding solutions due to the uncertain environment. This research used system simulation to construct a model and develop a simulation optimization method, combining the heuristic algorithm (patient referral mechanism) with the particle swarm optimization (PSO) method, to determine a better way to refer patients from one hospital (referring hospital) to another (recipient hospital) to receive certain imaging services...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799688/developing-a-program-for-enhancing-youth-hiv-treatment-adherence-and-risk-reduction
#3
Warunee Fongkaew, Warawan Udomkhamsuk, Nongkran Viseskul, Marisa Guptaruk
Youth living with HIV face difficult and challenging situations that decrease their adherence to antiretroviral medications. In this study, we developed a pilot program to enhance HIV treatment adherence and risk reduction among youth living with HIV based on collaboration with a community hospital involving a multi-disciplinary healthcare team. Participants were 25 youth living with HIV/AIDS, 18 caregivers, and 12 healthcare providers. The action research process comprised a preliminary stage and four phases of assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation...
August 11, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795831/problem-solving-therapy-for-suicide-prevention-in-veterans-with-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Sean M Barnes, Lindsey L Monteith, Georgia R Gerard, Adam S Hoffberg, Beeta Y Homaifar, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVE: Develop and test the acceptability and feasibility of Problem-Solving Therapy for Suicide Prevention (PST-SP), a group intervention aimed at improving problem solving and preventing suicide, among Veterans with hopelessness and moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH METHOD: Following treatment development, 16 U.S. Veterans with moderate-to-severe TBI and a Beck Hopelessness Scale score ≥4 participated in an acceptability and feasibility pilot study of PST-SP at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
August 10, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795061/a-multi-agent-based-approach-for-prehospital-emergency-management
#5
Reza Safdari, Jaleh Shoshtarian Malak, Niloofar Mohammadzadeh, Azimeh Danesh Shahraki
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate an architecture to automate the prehospital emergency process to categorize the specialized care according to the situation at the right time for reducing the patient mortality and morbidity. METHODS: Prehospital emergency process were analyzed using existing prehospital management systems, frameworks and the extracted process were modeled using sequence diagram in Rational Rose software. System main agents were identified and modeled via component diagram, considering the main system actors and by logically dividing business functionalities, finally the conceptual architecture for prehospital emergency management was proposed...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792572/-the-management-of-depression-in-older-adults-and-their-family-caregivers-findings-from-a-research-program-in-quebec
#6
Jane McCusker, Mark Yaffe, Tamara Sussman, Martin Cole, Maida Sewitch, Erin Strumpf, Ellen Freeman, Sylvie Lambert, Manon de Raad
Objectives A research group based at St. Mary's Research Centre, St. Mary's Hospital, Montreal, has conducted a research program over the past two decades that aims to inform improvements in the management of depression in primary care and general medical settings, among older adults. This paper reviews the findings from this research program, discusses the findings in the context of other research, and highlights the implications for practice and health policy.Methods Narrative review and synthesis of 25 published articles, that included: 4 systematic reviews, 10 observational studies, 9 intervention trials, and 2 consensus conference reports...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790024/hierarchical-medical-system-based-on-big-data-and-mobile-internet-a-new-strategic-choice-in-health-care
#7
Yaogang Wang, Li Sun, Jie Hou
China is setting up a hierarchical medical system to solve the problems of biased resource allocation and high patient flows to large hospitals. The development of big data and mobile Internet technology provides a new perspective for the establishment of hierarchical medical system. This viewpoint discusses the challenges with the hierarchical medical system in China and how big data and mobile Internet can be used to mitigate these challenges.
August 8, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789602/innovation-and-entrepreneurship-programs-in-us-medical-education-a-landscape-review-and-thematic-analysis
#8
Blake A Niccum, Arnab Sarker, Stephen J Wolf, Matthew J Trowbridge
BACKGROUND: Training in innovation and entrepreneurship (I&E) in medical education has become increasingly prevalent among medical schools to train students in complex problem solving and solution design. OBJECTIVE: We aim to characterize I&E education in US allopathic medical schools to provide insight into the features and objectives of this growing field. DESIGN: I&E programs were identified in 2016 via structured searches of 158 US allopathic medical school websites...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780913/maintaining-abstinence-from-smoking-after-a-period-of-enforced-abstinence-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-analysis-of-behaviour-change-techniques-with-a-focus-on-mental-health
#9
L S Brose, E Simonavicius, A McNeill
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence is doubled among people with mental health problems and reaches 80% in inpatient, substance misuse and prison settings, widening inequalities in morbidity and mortality. As more institutions become smoke-free but most smokers relapse immediately post-discharge, we aimed to review interventions to maintain abstinence post-discharge. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Web of Science were searched from inception to May 2016 and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies conducted with adult smokers in prison, inpatient mental health or substance use treatment included...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#10
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777832/endless-research-ii-the-genomic-era-neohippocratic-medicine
#11
EDITORIAL
Philip C Grammaticos, Dimitrios E Antoniou
The great progress of genetics research, during 2015-2017, will certainly influence all medical specialties including nuclear medicine. In nuclear medicine there are still problems to solve as to differentiate between infection, inflammation and cancer etc. Furthermore, in dosimetry and radiation protection there are worldwide problems. It has been reported that (64) Cu-cetuximab immune-PET represented EGFR expression levels in ESCC tumors and that (177) Lu-cetuximab radioimmunotherapy effectively inhibited the tumor growth...
May 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777075/numerical-evaluation-of-the-skull-for-human-neuromodulation-with-transcranial-focused-ultrasound
#12
Jerel K Mueller, Leo Ai, Priya Bansal, Wynn Legon
OBJECTIVE: Transcranial focused ultrasound is an emerging field for human non-invasive neuromodulation, but its dosing in humans is difficult to know due to the skull. The objective of the present study was to establish modeling methods based on medical images to assess skull differences between individuals on the wave propagation of ultrasound. APPROACH: Computational models of transcranial focused ultrasound were constructed using CT and MR scans to solve for intracranial pressure...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772905/new-challenges-in-tribology-wear-assessment-using-3d-optical-scanners
#13
Maria Cristina Valigi, Silvia Logozzo, Saverio Affatato
Wear is a significant mechanical and clinical problem. To acquire further knowledge on the tribological phenomena that involve freeform mechanical components or medical prostheses, wear tests are performed on biomedical and industrial materials in order to solve or reduce failures or malfunctions due to material loss. Scientific and technological advances in the field of optical scanning allow the application of innovative devices for wear measurements, leading to improvements that were unimaginable until a few years ago...
May 18, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770874/impact-of-social-interdependence-on-emotional-well-being-of-medical-students
#14
Shaahjahan Katpar, Zohaib Rana, Mehwish Hussain, Rakhshaan Khan, Rehana Rehman
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of social interdependence on emotional well-being in medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Karachi from June 2013 to January 2014 and comprised first-year medical students of 5 private and 3 public-sector colleges. Students of both genders aged 19-24 years were included. Quantitative aspects of social and emotional wellness were evaluated using a structured questionnaire from the wellness wheel on a four-point Likert's scale (score ranging from 0 to 3)...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768943/what-the-desirable-collaboration-between-care-workers-in-nursing-homes-and-phamacists-should-be-an-approach-for-security-and-safe-medication-for-residents-in-nursing-homes
#15
Hideyuki Maki, Akira Shiraishi, Akiko Miki, Hiroki Satoh, Yukari Konishi, Kohei Asai, Kenichi Funahashi, Yoshinobu Usui, Yasufumi Sawada
 In our previous research, there was no collaboration between care workers and pharmacists, for the most part. As a result, it was discovered that in some cases, problems concerning medication of nursing home residents had not been resolved. To solve this issue, we brought together care workers and pharmacists for a workshop we conducted. We assigned 12 care workers with at least two years of experience and 12 pharmacists to four mixed groups and guided them in the management of in-home long-term medical care and conducted small group discussions (SGD) using the KJ method...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764713/non-iterative-geometric-approach-for-inverse-kinematics-of-redundant-lead-module-in-a-radiosurgical-snake-like-robot
#16
Olatunji Mumini Omisore, Shipeng Han, Lingxue Ren, Nannan Zhang, Kamen Ivanov, Ahmed Elazab, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND: Snake-like robot is an emerging form of serial-link manipulator with the morphologic design of biological snakes. The redundant robot can be used to assist medical experts in accessing internal organs with minimal or no invasion. Several snake-like robotic designs have been proposed for minimal invasive surgery, however, the few that were developed are yet to be fully explored for clinical procedures. This is due to lack of capability for full-fledged spatial navigation. In rare cases where such snake-like designs are spatially flexible, there exists no inverse kinematics (IK) solution with both precise control and fast response...
August 1, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757586/application-of-nanosize-zeolite-molecular-sieves-for-medical-oxygen-concentration
#17
Mingfei Pan, Hecham M Omar, Sohrab Rohani
The development of a portable oxygen concentrator is of prime significance for patients with respiratory problems. This paper presents a portable concentrator prototype design using the pressure/vacuum swing adsorption (PVSA) cycle with a deep evacuation step (-0.82 barg) instead of desorption with purge flow to simplify the oxygen production process. The output of the oxygen concentrator is a ~90 vol % enriched oxygen stream in a continuous adsorption and desorption cycle (cycle time ~90 s). The size of the adsorption column is 3 cm in diameter and 20 cm in length...
July 25, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753049/medical-students-use-of-different-coping-strategies-and-relationship-with-academic-performance-in-preclinical-and-clinical-years
#18
Jocelyn H Schiller, R Brent Stansfield, David C Belmonte, Joel A Purkiss, Rishindra M Reddy, Joseph B House, Sally A Santen
Phenomenon: Medical students' coping abilities are important for academic success and emotional health. The authors explored differences in students' use of active, problem-solving strategies and emotional, inwardly directed approaches; the change in coping strategies used during medical school; and coping strategy impact on performance. APPROACH: One hundred eighty-three students completed the Ways of Coping Scale at matriculation and end of the 2nd and 3rd years. Frequency of each of 8 ways of coping, changes in coping strategy use over time, and relationship of coping method with preclinical and clinical scores were calculated...
July 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750913/identification-of-key-factors-in-consumers-adoption-behavior-of-intelligent-medical-terminals-based-on-a-hybrid-modified-madm-model-for-product-improvement
#19
Yupeng Liu, Yifei Chen, Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng
BACKGROUND: As a new application technology of the Internet of Things (IoT), intelligent medical treatment has attracted the attention of both nations and industries through its promotion of medical informatisation, modernisation, and intelligentisation. Faced with a wide variety of intelligent medical terminals, consumers may be affected by various factors when making purchase decisions. PURPOSE: To examine and evaluate the key influential factors (and their interrelationships) of consumer adoption behavior for improving and promoting intelligent medical terminals toward achieving set aspiration level in each dimension and criterion...
September 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746075/fatigue-in-residency-education-understanding-the-influence-of-work-hours-regulations-in-europe
#20
Taryn S Taylor, Pim W Teunissen, Tim Dornan, Lorelei Lingard
PURPOSE: Although one proposed solution to the problem of fatigued medical trainees is the implementation of work hours regulations, concerns about the effectiveness of these regulations are growing. Canada remains one of the few Western jurisdictions without legislated regulation. Recent research suggests that fatigue is a complex social construct, rather than simply a lack of sleep; thus, the authors explored how regulations and fatigue are understood in countries with established work hours frameworks to better inform other jurisdictions looking to address trainee fatigue...
July 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
keyword
keyword
69170
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"