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Madhu Bala, Vanita Gupta, Jagdish Prasad
CONTEXT: Effects of a radioprotective, standardized leaf extract (code SBL-1) from traditional medicinal plant, sea buckthorn [Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae)], on neurotransmitters and brain injuries in rats showing radiation-induced conditioned taste aversion (CTA), are not known. Understanding CTA in rats is important because its process is considered parallel to nausea and vomiting in humans. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the levels of neurotransmitters, antioxidant defences and histological changes in rats showing radiation CTA, and their modification by SBL-1...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
La Qiong, Wenju Zhang, Hao Wang, Liyan Zeng, H John B Birks, Yang Zhong
Hippophae tibetana is a small, dioecious wind-pollinated shrub endemic to the Tibetan-Qinghai Plateau. It is one of the shrubs that occur at very high elevations (5250 m a.s.l.). The Himalayan mountains provides a significant geographical barrier to the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, dividing the Himalayan area into two regions with Nepal to the south and Tibet to the north. There is no information on how the Himalayan mountains influence gene flow and population differentiation of alpine plants. In this study, we analyzed eight nuclear microsatellite markers and cpDNA trnT-trnF regions to test the role of the Himalayan mountains as a barrier to gene flow between populations of H...
2017: PloS One
Yue Liu, Gang Fan, Jing Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jingjian Li, Chao Xiong, Qi Zhang, Xiaodong Li, Xianrong Lai
Sea buckthorn (Hippophaë; Elaeagnaceae) berries are widely consumed in traditional folk medicines, nutraceuticals, and as a source of food. The growing demand of sea buckthorn berries and morphological similarity of Hippophaë species leads to confusions, which might cause misidentification of plants used in natural products. Detailed information and comparison of the complete set of metabolites of different Hippophaë species are critical for their objective identification and quality control. Herein, the variation among seven species and seven subspecies of Hippophaë was studied using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) metabolomics combined with multivariate data analysis, and the important metabolites were quantified by quantitative (1)H NMR (qNMR) method...
May 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xin Yang, Qian Wang, Zeng-Run Pang, Meng-Ran Pan, Wen Zhang
CONTEXT: Flavonoid-enriched extract from Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae) seed (FSH) has shown beneficial effects in anti-hypertension and lowering cholesterol level. However, evidence for its efficacy in treating obesity is limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if FSH can reduce body weight and regulate lipid metabolism disorder in high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mouse model, and to investigate potential molecular targets involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed with HFD for 8 weeks to induce obesity...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Tevfik Ozen, Semiha Yenigun, Muhammed Altun, Ibrahim Demirtas
Due to the common ethnopharmacological used or scientifically examined biochemical properties, Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. (autumn olive) was worth investigated. In this investigation, we revealed antioxidant, antiproliferative and enzyme inhibition activities of the water, methanol, ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate and hexane extracts of E. umbellata as well as contents of their phenolic, flavonoid, anthocyanin, ascorbic acid, lycopene and b-carotene. The antioxidant activity was screened by phosphomolybdenum assay...
January 27, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Rafie Hamidpour, Soheila Hamidpour, Mohsen Hamidpour, Mina Shahlari, Mahnaz Sohraby, Nooshin Shahlari, Roxanna Hamidpour
Elaeagnus angustifolia L., which is commonly known as oleaster or Russian olive, is a deciduous plant from Elaeagnacea family. This plant can tolerate and survive a wide variety of environmental conditions. Different parts of E. angustifolia plant, especially the fruits and flowers, have been used traditionally in treating a variety of common illnesses such as nausea, cough, asthma, fever, jaundice, and diarrhea. The use of fruit powder and extract of E. angustifolia L. have shown to be effective in alleviating pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and also in reducing the healing time of wounds in injured person...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Yaiphabi Sougrakpam, Renu Deswal
Hippophae rhamnoides is a hardy shrub capable of growing under extreme environmental conditions namely, high salt, drought and cold. Its ability to grow under extreme conditions and its wide application in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industry calls for its in-depth analysis. N-glycoproteome mining by con A affinity chromatography from seedling was attempted. The glycoproteome was resolved on first and second dimension gel electrophoresis. A total of 48 spots were detected and 10 non-redundant proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF...
October 2016: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Imen Nouioui, Faten Ghodhbane-Gtari, Maria Del Carmen Montero-Calasanz, Manfred Rohde, Louis S Tisa, Maher Gtari, Hans-Peter Klenk
Strain EuI1c(T) is the first actinobacterial endophyte isolated from Elaeagnus umbellata that was shown to be infective on members of Elaeagnaceae and Morella but lacking the ability to form effective root nodules on its hosts. The strain can be easily distinguished from strains of other Frankia species based on its inability to produce vesicles, the specialized thick-walled structures where nitrogen fixation occurs. Chemotaxonomically, strain EuI1c(T) contains phosphatidylinositol, diphosphatidylglycerol, two glycophospholipids and phosphatidylglycerol as phospholipids...
March 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Vinod Kumar, Anket Sharma, Geeta Dhunna, Amit Chawla, Renu Bhardwaj, Ashwani Kumar Thukral
Plants are a rich source of elements, and knowledge of their elemental composition determines their use for various purposes, especially for food and medicine. Therefore, it is necessary to create a database of the elemental composition of plants. The present review focuses on the concentration of various heavy metals as reported by various workers from time to time by using different sophisticated techniques. Cluster analysis was applied on the basis of mean values of heavy metals in plants. Co, Cu, and Cr have similar proximities...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Farid Niknam, Amir Azadi, Alireza Barzegar, Pouya Faridi, Nader Tanideh, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Persian or Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.), from the family Elaeagnaceae, is a nitrogen-fixing thorny shrub extensively used in traditional medicine to alleviate pain and treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal problems, fever, and asthma. The current review has tried to give a concise overview of the phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of the plant from published data. Accordingly, published English literatures on Elaeagnus angustifolia were gathered from popular databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect up to 31 December 2015...
2016: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Kamal Das, Showkat Hussain Ganie, Yash Mangla, Tanvir-Ul-Hassan Dar, Manju Chaudhary, Rakesh Kumar Thakur, Rajesh Tandon, S N Raina, Shailendra Goel
Hippophae rhamnoides L. ssp. turkestanica (Elaeagnaceae) is a predominantly dioecious and wind-pollinated medicinal plant species. The mature fruits of the species possess antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancerous, and antistimulatory properties that are believed to improve the immune system. The identification of male and female plants in H. rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica is quite difficult until flowering which usually takes 3-4 years or more. A sex-linked marker can be helpful in establishing the orchards through identification of genders at an early stage of development...
March 2017: Protoplasma
Mohammadali Torbati, Solmaz Asnaashari, Fariba Heshmati Afshar
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to identify the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from the flowers and leaves of Elaeagnus angostifolia (Elaeagnaceae) along with evaluate the radical scavenging and general toxicity activities. METHODS: A combination of GC-MS and GC-FID were utilized for analyzing the chemical profile of the essential oils extracted by hydro-distillation from the leaves and flowers of E. angustifolia. The essential oils were subjected to general toxicity and radical scavenging assays using brine shrimp lethality test and DPPH method, respectively...
June 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kapil Suchal, Jagriti Bhatia, Salma Malik, Rajiv Kumar Malhotra, Nanda Gamad, Sameer Goyal, Tapas C Nag, Dharamvir S Arya, Shreesh Ojha
Seabuckthorn (SBT) pulp oil obtained from the fruits of seabuckthorn [Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae)] has been used traditionally for its medicinal and nutritional properties. However, its role in ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury of myocardium in rats has not been elucidated so far. The present study reports the cardioprotective effect of SBT pulp oil in IR-induced model of myocardial infarction in rats and underlying mechanism mediating activation of Akt/eNOS signaling pathway. Male albino Wistar rats were orally administered SBT pulp oil (5, 10, and 20 ml/kg/day) or saline for 30 days...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Qiuyue Ma, Shuxian Li, Changwei Bi, Zhaodong Hao, Congrui Sun, Ning Ye
Ziziphus jujuba is an important woody plant with high economic and medicinal value. Here, we analyzed and characterized the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of Z. jujuba, the first member of the Rhamnaceae family for which the chloroplast genome sequence has been reported. We also built a web browser for navigating the cp genome of Z. jujuba ( ). Sequence analysis showed that this cp genome is 161,466 bp long and has a typical quadripartite structure of large (LSC, 89,120 bp) and small (SSC, 19,348 bp) single-copy regions separated by a pair of inverted repeats (IRs, 26,499 bp)...
February 2017: Current Genetics
Petar Pujic, Alexander Bolotin, Pascale Fournier, Alexei Sorokin, Alla Lapidus, Kerstin H Richau, Jerome Briolay, Farida Mebarki, Philippe Normand, Anita Sellstedt
Frankia strain R43 is a nitrogen-fixing and hydrogen-producing symbiotic actinobacterium that was isolated from nodules of Casuarina cunninghamiana but infects only Elaeagnaceae. This communication reports the genome of the strain R43 and provides insights into the microbe genomics and physiological potentials.
2015: Genome Announcements
S Shivapriya, K Ilango, G P Dubey
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Hippophae rhamnoides is an edible, nutrient rich plant found in the northern regions of India. It belongs to the family Elaeagnaceae and is well known for its traditional pharmacological activities. The present study was aimed to investigate the antioxidant and neuroprotective activities of H. rhamnoides. METHODOLOGY: The hydroalcoholic extract of H. rhamnoides was evaluated for free radical scavenging activity using DPPH, hydroxyl radical scavenging and ferric thiocyanate assays...
September 2015: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
J M Zhang, F Zhang
Elaeagnus mollis Diels is a group of shrubs and dwarf trees endemic to China and are endangered plants. However, the reason why these plants are endangered remains controversial. The current study aimed to explore the endangered status of E. mollis from a genetic perspective and to propose conservation strategies for this species. Using 16 polymorphic allozyme loci, the population genetic structure was investigated for three populations representing the taxa and variants. The variants exhibited relatively high levels of genetic variation compared to other woody shrubs with similar geographic distributions...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Johanna Moilanen, Piia Koskinen, Juha-Pekka Salminen
The results of a screening study, in which a total of 82 Finnish plant species were studied for their ellagitannin composition and content, are presented. The total ellagitannin content was determined by HPLC-DAD, the detected ellagitannins were further characterized by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS and divided into four structurally different sub-groups. Thirty plant species were found to contain ellagitannins and the ellagitannin content in the crude extracts varied from few mgg(-1) to over a hundred mgg(-1). Plant families that were rich in ellagitannins (>90mgg(-1) of the crude extract) were Onagraceae, Lyhtraceae, Geraniaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Fagaceae and some species from Rosaceae...
August 2015: Phytochemistry
Yu-Hua Ma, Gui-Sheng Ye, Qian-Sheng Xiang, Ying Gao, Chun-Jiang Yang, Guo-Liang Wei, Wei-Xiu Song
Sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) was compared in three seabuckthrons (Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. sinensis, H. tibetana and H. neurocarpa) distributed in Qinghai Province, then the systematic positions of 15 seabuckthron samples were analyzed with Elaeagnaceae angustifolia being outgroup. The results showed that ITS sequences in three seabuckthron species varied in length from 600 to 605 bp. ITS-1, 5.8S and ITS-2 varied from 201 to 203 bp, 166 to 167 bp and 232 to 236 bp, respectively. The sequence divergence among three seabuckthorn species was also remarkably high; Cluster analysis based on ITS indicated that H...
October 2014: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Sumaira Aziz, Shahid Aziz, Habib-ur Rehman, Saiqa Andleeb
The bark and fruit extracts of Elaeagnus umbellata have been investigated for their antibacterial, anti-fungal, insecticidal and phytotoxic activities. The petroleum ether extracts of the plant showed significant activity against E. faecalis. The activity of dichloromethane extract was also determined significant against S. aureus. The chloroform extract indicated low activity against E. coli, K. pneumoniae, B. subtilis and S. flexenari. The ethyl acetate fraction demonstrated significant activity against K...
January 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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