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D Singh, B Jayashankar, K P Mishra, H Tanwar, S N Madhusudana, A Y Belludi, R Tulsawani, S B Singh, L Ganju
CONTEXT: Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae), commonly known as seabuckthorn (SBT), is known for its medicinal and nutritional properties. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of in vivo adjuvant activity of SBT leaf extract (SBTE) with inactivated rabies virus antigen (Rb). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Swiss albino mice were immunized with aqueous-alcoholic SBTE (100 mg/kg body weight) or algel (aluminium hydroxide gel) with or without Rb (5% v/v). After priming, booster was administered on day 14...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
Jian Huang, Ruihong Chen, Xingang Li
Ziziphus Mill. (Rhamnaceae) is comprised of about 170 species that are mainly distributed in tropical to subtropical regions, with few in the temperate zone. Several Ziziphus fruit tree species are important energy, nutrient, and medicinal resources for human populations, particularly for those living in rural regions. To date, limited genomic information is available for this genus. Here, we assembled the complete chloroplast genomes of four best known Ziziphus species, i.e., Ziziphus jujuba , Ziziphus acidojujuba , Ziziphus mauritiana , and Ziziphus spina-christi , based on the Illumina Paired-end sequencing method...
November 24, 2017: Genes
Samira Mansour, Erik Swanson, Zakkary McNutt, Céline Pesce, Kelsey Harrington, Feseha Abebe-Alele, Stephen Simpson, Krystalynne Morris, W Kelley Thomas, Louis S Tisa
Frankia sp. strain CcI49 was isolated from Casuarina cunninghamiana nodules. However the strain was unable to re-infect Casuarina, but was able to infect other actinorhizal plants including Elaeagnaceae. Here, we report the 9.8-Mbp draft genome sequence of Frankia sp. strain CcI49 with a G+C content of 70.5 % and 7,441 candidate protein-encoding genes. Analysis of the genome revealed the presence of a bph operon involved in the degradation of biphenyls and polychlorinated biphenyls.
2017: Journal of Genomics
Amir Ktari, Imen Nouioui, Teal Furnholm, Erik Swanson, Faten Ghodhbane-Gtari, Louis S Tisa, Maher Gtari
Frankia sp. NRRL B-16219 was directly isolated from a soil sample obtained from the rhizosphere of Ceanothus jepsonii growing in the USA. Its host plant range includes members of Elaeagnaceae species. Phylogenetically, strain NRRL B-16219 is closely related to "Frankia discariae" with a 16S rRNA gene similarity of 99.78%. Because of the lack of genetic tools for Frankia, our understanding of the bacterial signals involved during the plant infection process and the development of actinorhizal root nodules is very limited...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Madhu Bala, Vanita Gupta, Jagdish Prasad
CONTEXT: Effects of a radioprotective, standardized leaf extract (code SBL-1) from traditional medicinal plant, sea buckthorn [Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae)], on neurotransmitters and brain injuries in rats showing radiation-induced conditioned taste aversion (CTA), are not known. Understanding CTA in rats is important because its process is considered parallel to nausea and vomiting in humans. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the levels of neurotransmitters, antioxidant defences and histological changes in rats showing radiation CTA, and their modification by SBL-1...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
La Qiong, Wenju Zhang, Hao Wang, Liyan Zeng, H John B Birks, Yang Zhong
Hippophae tibetana is a small, dioecious wind-pollinated shrub endemic to the Tibetan-Qinghai Plateau. It is one of the shrubs that occur at very high elevations (5250 m a.s.l.). The Himalayan mountains provides a significant geographical barrier to the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, dividing the Himalayan area into two regions with Nepal to the south and Tibet to the north. There is no information on how the Himalayan mountains influence gene flow and population differentiation of alpine plants. In this study, we analyzed eight nuclear microsatellite markers and cpDNA trnT-trnF regions to test the role of the Himalayan mountains as a barrier to gene flow between populations of H...
2017: PloS One
Yue Liu, Gang Fan, Jing Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jingjian Li, Chao Xiong, Qi Zhang, Xiaodong Li, Xianrong Lai
Sea buckthorn (Hippophaë; Elaeagnaceae) berries are widely consumed in traditional folk medicines, nutraceuticals, and as a source of food. The growing demand of sea buckthorn berries and morphological similarity of Hippophaë species leads to confusions, which might cause misidentification of plants used in natural products. Detailed information and comparison of the complete set of metabolites of different Hippophaë species are critical for their objective identification and quality control. Herein, the variation among seven species and seven subspecies of Hippophaë was studied using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) metabolomics combined with multivariate data analysis, and the important metabolites were quantified by quantitative (1)H NMR (qNMR) method...
May 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xin Yang, Qian Wang, Zeng-Run Pang, Meng-Ran Pan, Wen Zhang
CONTEXT: Flavonoid-enriched extract from Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae) seed (FSH) has shown beneficial effects in anti-hypertension and lowering cholesterol level. However, evidence for its efficacy in treating obesity is limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if FSH can reduce body weight and regulate lipid metabolism disorder in high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mouse model, and to investigate potential molecular targets involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed with HFD for 8 weeks to induce obesity...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Tevfik Ozen, Semiha Yenigun, Muhammed Altun, Ibrahim Demirtas
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Due to the common ethnopharmacological used or scientifically examined biochemical properties, Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellate (Thunb.) (EU, Guz yemisi) was worth investigating. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this investigation, we revealed antioxidant, antiproliferative and enzyme inhibition activities of the water, methanol, ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate and hexane extracts of EU as well as the contents of their phenolic, flavonoid, anthocyanin, ascorbic acid, lycopene and β- carotene...
2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Rafie Hamidpour, Soheila Hamidpour, Mohsen Hamidpour, Mina Shahlari, Mahnaz Sohraby, Nooshin Shahlari, Roxanna Hamidpour
Elaeagnus angustifolia L., which is commonly known as oleaster or Russian olive, is a deciduous plant from Elaeagnacea family. This plant can tolerate and survive a wide variety of environmental conditions. Different parts of E. angustifolia plant, especially the fruits and flowers, have been used traditionally in treating a variety of common illnesses such as nausea, cough, asthma, fever, jaundice, and diarrhea. The use of fruit powder and extract of E. angustifolia L. have shown to be effective in alleviating pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and also in reducing the healing time of wounds in injured person...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Yaiphabi Sougrakpam, Renu Deswal
Hippophae rhamnoides is a hardy shrub capable of growing under extreme environmental conditions namely, high salt, drought and cold. Its ability to grow under extreme conditions and its wide application in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industry calls for its in-depth analysis. N-glycoproteome mining by con A affinity chromatography from seedling was attempted. The glycoproteome was resolved on first and second dimension gel electrophoresis. A total of 48 spots were detected and 10 non-redundant proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF...
October 2016: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Imen Nouioui, Faten Ghodhbane-Gtari, Maria Del Carmen Montero-Calasanz, Manfred Rohde, Louis S Tisa, Maher Gtari, Hans-Peter Klenk
Strain EuI1c(T) is the first actinobacterial endophyte isolated from Elaeagnus umbellata that was shown to be infective on members of Elaeagnaceae and Morella but lacking the ability to form effective root nodules on its hosts. The strain can be easily distinguished from strains of other Frankia species based on its inability to produce vesicles, the specialized thick-walled structures where nitrogen fixation occurs. Chemotaxonomically, strain EuI1c(T) contains phosphatidylinositol, diphosphatidylglycerol, two glycophospholipids and phosphatidylglycerol as phospholipids...
March 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Vinod Kumar, Anket Sharma, Geeta Dhunna, Amit Chawla, Renu Bhardwaj, Ashwani Kumar Thukral
Plants are a rich source of elements, and knowledge of their elemental composition determines their use for various purposes, especially for food and medicine. Therefore, it is necessary to create a database of the elemental composition of plants. The present review focuses on the concentration of various heavy metals as reported by various workers from time to time by using different sophisticated techniques. Cluster analysis was applied on the basis of mean values of heavy metals in plants. Co, Cu, and Cr have similar proximities...
January 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Farid Niknam, Amir Azadi, Alireza Barzegar, Pouya Faridi, Nader Tanideh, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Persian or Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.), from the family Elaeagnaceae, is a nitrogen-fixing thorny shrub extensively used in traditional medicine to alleviate pain and treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal problems, fever, and asthma. The current review has tried to give a concise overview of the phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of the plant from published data. Accordingly, published English literatures on Elaeagnus angustifolia were gathered from popular databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect up to 31 December 2015...
2016: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Kamal Das, Showkat Hussain Ganie, Yash Mangla, Tanvir-Ul-Hassan Dar, Manju Chaudhary, Rakesh Kumar Thakur, Rajesh Tandon, S N Raina, Shailendra Goel
Hippophae rhamnoides L. ssp. turkestanica (Elaeagnaceae) is a predominantly dioecious and wind-pollinated medicinal plant species. The mature fruits of the species possess antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancerous, and antistimulatory properties that are believed to improve the immune system. The identification of male and female plants in H. rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica is quite difficult until flowering which usually takes 3-4 years or more. A sex-linked marker can be helpful in establishing the orchards through identification of genders at an early stage of development...
March 2017: Protoplasma
Mohammadali Torbati, Solmaz Asnaashari, Fariba Heshmati Afshar
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to identify the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from the flowers and leaves of Elaeagnus angostifolia (Elaeagnaceae) along with evaluate the radical scavenging and general toxicity activities. METHODS: A combination of GC-MS and GC-FID were utilized for analyzing the chemical profile of the essential oils extracted by hydro-distillation from the leaves and flowers of E. angustifolia. The essential oils were subjected to general toxicity and radical scavenging assays using brine shrimp lethality test and DPPH method, respectively...
June 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kapil Suchal, Jagriti Bhatia, Salma Malik, Rajiv Kumar Malhotra, Nanda Gamad, Sameer Goyal, Tapas C Nag, Dharamvir S Arya, Shreesh Ojha
Seabuckthorn (SBT) pulp oil obtained from the fruits of seabuckthorn [Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae)] has been used traditionally for its medicinal and nutritional properties. However, its role in ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury of myocardium in rats has not been elucidated so far. The present study reports the cardioprotective effect of SBT pulp oil in IR-induced model of myocardial infarction in rats and underlying mechanism mediating activation of Akt/eNOS signaling pathway. Male albino Wistar rats were orally administered SBT pulp oil (5, 10, and 20 ml/kg/day) or saline for 30 days...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Qiuyue Ma, Shuxian Li, Changwei Bi, Zhaodong Hao, Congrui Sun, Ning Ye
Ziziphus jujuba is an important woody plant with high economic and medicinal value. Here, we analyzed and characterized the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of Z. jujuba, the first member of the Rhamnaceae family for which the chloroplast genome sequence has been reported. We also built a web browser for navigating the cp genome of Z. jujuba ( ). Sequence analysis showed that this cp genome is 161,466 bp long and has a typical quadripartite structure of large (LSC, 89,120 bp) and small (SSC, 19,348 bp) single-copy regions separated by a pair of inverted repeats (IRs, 26,499 bp)...
February 2017: Current Genetics
Petar Pujic, Alexander Bolotin, Pascale Fournier, Alexei Sorokin, Alla Lapidus, Kerstin H Richau, Jerome Briolay, Farida Mebarki, Philippe Normand, Anita Sellstedt
Frankia strain R43 is a nitrogen-fixing and hydrogen-producing symbiotic actinobacterium that was isolated from nodules of Casuarina cunninghamiana but infects only Elaeagnaceae. This communication reports the genome of the strain R43 and provides insights into the microbe genomics and physiological potentials.
2015: Genome Announcements
S Shivapriya, K Ilango, G P Dubey
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Hippophae rhamnoides is an edible, nutrient rich plant found in the northern regions of India. It belongs to the family Elaeagnaceae and is well known for its traditional pharmacological activities. The present study was aimed to investigate the antioxidant and neuroprotective activities of H. rhamnoides. METHODOLOGY: The hydroalcoholic extract of H. rhamnoides was evaluated for free radical scavenging activity using DPPH, hydroxyl radical scavenging and ferric thiocyanate assays...
September 2015: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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