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Vinod Kumar, Anket Sharma, Geeta Dhunna, Amit Chawla, Renu Bhardwaj, Ashwani Kumar Thukral
Plants are a rich source of elements, and knowledge of their elemental composition determines their use for various purposes, especially for food and medicine. Therefore, it is necessary to create a database of the elemental composition of plants. The present review focuses on the concentration of various heavy metals as reported by various workers from time to time by using different sophisticated techniques. Cluster analysis was applied on the basis of mean values of heavy metals in plants. Co, Cu, and Cr have similar proximities...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Farid Niknam, Amir Azadi, Alireza Barzegar, Nader Tanideh, Pouya Faridi, Mohammad M Zarshenas
INTRODUCTION: Persian or Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) -From the family Elaeagnaceae- is a nitrogen-fixing thorny shrub with extensively applied for pain alleviation, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal upset, fever and asthma in traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: The current review has attempted to draw together a concise overview over phytochemistry and pharmacologic properties of this plant via published data. METHODOLOGY: Accordingly, published English literatures on "Elaeagnus angustifolia" were gathered from popular databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Science direct up to March, 2016...
September 5, 2016: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Kamal Das, Showkat Hussain Ganie, Yash Mangla, Tanvir-Ul-Hassan Dar, Manju Chaudhary, Rakesh Kumar Thakur, Rajesh Tandon, S N Raina, Shailendra Goel
Hippophae rhamnoides L. ssp. turkestanica (Elaeagnaceae) is a predominantly dioecious and wind-pollinated medicinal plant species. The mature fruits of the species possess antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancerous, and antistimulatory properties that are believed to improve the immune system. The identification of male and female plants in H. rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica is quite difficult until flowering which usually takes 3-4 years or more. A sex-linked marker can be helpful in establishing the orchards through identification of genders at an early stage of development...
August 19, 2016: Protoplasma
Mohammadali Torbati, Solmaz Asnaashari, Fariba Heshmati Afshar
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to identify the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from the flowers and leaves of Elaeagnus angostifolia (Elaeagnaceae) along with evaluate the radical scavenging and general toxicity activities. METHODS: A combination of GC-MS and GC-FID were utilized for analyzing the chemical profile of the essential oils extracted by hydro-distillation from the leaves and flowers of E. angustifolia. The essential oils were subjected to general toxicity and radical scavenging assays using brine shrimp lethality test and DPPH method, respectively...
June 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kapil Suchal, Jagriti Bhatia, Salma Malik, Rajiv Kumar Malhotra, Nanda Gamad, Sameer Goyal, Tapas C Nag, Dharamvir S Arya, Shreesh Ojha
Seabuckthorn (SBT) pulp oil obtained from the fruits of seabuckthorn [Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae)] has been used traditionally for its medicinal and nutritional properties. However, its role in ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury of myocardium in rats has not been elucidated so far. The present study reports the cardioprotective effect of SBT pulp oil in IR-induced model of myocardial infarction in rats and underlying mechanism mediating activation of Akt/eNOS signaling pathway. Male albino Wistar rats were orally administered SBT pulp oil (5, 10, and 20 ml/kg/day) or saline for 30 days...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Qiuyue Ma, Shuxian Li, Changwei Bi, Zhaodong Hao, Congrui Sun, Ning Ye
Ziziphus jujuba is an important woody plant with high economic and medicinal value. Here, we analyzed and characterized the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of Z. jujuba, the first member of the Rhamnaceae family for which the chloroplast genome sequence has been reported. We also built a web browser for navigating the cp genome of Z. jujuba ( ). Sequence analysis showed that this cp genome is 161,466 bp long and has a typical quadripartite structure of large (LSC, 89,120 bp) and small (SSC, 19,348 bp) single-copy regions separated by a pair of inverted repeats (IRs, 26,499 bp)...
May 20, 2016: Current Genetics
Petar Pujic, Alexander Bolotin, Pascale Fournier, Alexei Sorokin, Alla Lapidus, Kerstin H Richau, Jerome Briolay, Farida Mebarki, Philippe Normand, Anita Sellstedt
Frankia strain R43 is a nitrogen-fixing and hydrogen-producing symbiotic actinobacterium that was isolated from nodules of Casuarina cunninghamiana but infects only Elaeagnaceae. This communication reports the genome of the strain R43 and provides insights into the microbe genomics and physiological potentials.
2015: Genome Announcements
S Shivapriya, K Ilango, G P Dubey
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Hippophae rhamnoides is an edible, nutrient rich plant found in the northern regions of India. It belongs to the family Elaeagnaceae and is well known for its traditional pharmacological activities. The present study was aimed to investigate the antioxidant and neuroprotective activities of H. rhamnoides. METHODOLOGY: The hydroalcoholic extract of H. rhamnoides was evaluated for free radical scavenging activity using DPPH, hydroxyl radical scavenging and ferric thiocyanate assays...
September 2015: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
J M Zhang, F Zhang
Elaeagnus mollis Diels is a group of shrubs and dwarf trees endemic to China and are endangered plants. However, the reason why these plants are endangered remains controversial. The current study aimed to explore the endangered status of E. mollis from a genetic perspective and to propose conservation strategies for this species. Using 16 polymorphic allozyme loci, the population genetic structure was investigated for three populations representing the taxa and variants. The variants exhibited relatively high levels of genetic variation compared to other woody shrubs with similar geographic distributions...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Johanna Moilanen, Piia Koskinen, Juha-Pekka Salminen
The results of a screening study, in which a total of 82 Finnish plant species were studied for their ellagitannin composition and content, are presented. The total ellagitannin content was determined by HPLC-DAD, the detected ellagitannins were further characterized by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS and divided into four structurally different sub-groups. Thirty plant species were found to contain ellagitannins and the ellagitannin content in the crude extracts varied from few mgg(-1) to over a hundred mgg(-1). Plant families that were rich in ellagitannins (>90mgg(-1) of the crude extract) were Onagraceae, Lyhtraceae, Geraniaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Fagaceae and some species from Rosaceae...
August 2015: Phytochemistry
Yu-Hua Ma, Gui-Sheng Ye, Qian-Sheng Xiang, Ying Gao, Chun-Jiang Yang, Guo-Liang Wei, Wei-Xiu Song
Sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) was compared in three seabuckthrons (Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. sinensis, H. tibetana and H. neurocarpa) distributed in Qinghai Province, then the systematic positions of 15 seabuckthron samples were analyzed with Elaeagnaceae angustifolia being outgroup. The results showed that ITS sequences in three seabuckthron species varied in length from 600 to 605 bp. ITS-1, 5.8S and ITS-2 varied from 201 to 203 bp, 166 to 167 bp and 232 to 236 bp, respectively. The sequence divergence among three seabuckthorn species was also remarkably high; Cluster analysis based on ITS indicated that H...
October 2014: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Sumaira Aziz, Shahid Aziz, Habib-ur Rehman, Saiqa Andleeb
The bark and fruit extracts of Elaeagnus umbellata have been investigated for their antibacterial, anti-fungal, insecticidal and phytotoxic activities. The petroleum ether extracts of the plant showed significant activity against E. faecalis. The activity of dichloromethane extract was also determined significant against S. aureus. The chloroform extract indicated low activity against E. coli, K. pneumoniae, B. subtilis and S. flexenari. The ethyl acetate fraction demonstrated significant activity against K...
January 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Zeinab Nikniaz, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Reza Mahdavi, Ali Asghar Ebrahimi, Leila Nikniaz
OBJECTIVE: In an attempt to investigate new strategies aimed at reducing inflammation in osteoarthritis, the anti-inflammatory effect of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. as a complementary treatment was evaluated in females with knee osteoarthritis. METHOD: In this clinical trial, 90 females with mild to moderate osteoarthritis were assigned to two intervention and one placebo groups. In addition to the conventional therapy, the patients in intervention groups received 15g/day of E...
October 2014: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Parisa Lotfollahi, Karim Haddad Irani-Nejad, Enrico De Lillo
This paper describes two new species of Eriophyoidea associated with trees belonging to the order Rosales in the south-western portion of East Azerbaijan province, Iran, collected during a survey in 2011: Aceria lobolinguae n. sp. on Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) and Rhinophytoptus nemalobos n. sp. on Prunus domestica L. (Rosaceae). Additionally, Phyllocoptes abaenus Keifer on Prunus armeniaca L. (Rosaceae), Aculus fockeui (Nalepa & Trouessart) on Prunus amygdalus Stokes and Malus domestica Borkh...
2014: Zootaxa
Guo-Ping Wang, Cong-Zhao Fan, Jun Zhu, Xiao-Jin Li
Morphology and molecular identification technology were used to identify 3 original plants of Fructus Elaeagni which was commonly used in Uygur medicine. Leaves, flowers and fruits from different areas were selected randomly for morphology research. ITS2 sequence as DNA barcode was used to identify 17 samples of Fructus Elaeagni. The genetic distances were computed by kimura 2-parameter (K2P) model, and the Neighbor-Joining (NJ) and Maximum Likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed using MEGA5.0. The results showed that Elaeagnus angustifolia, E...
June 2014: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
John F Gaskin, Ruth A Hufbauer, Steven M Bogdanowicz
UNLABELLED:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Microsatellite markers were developed for the plant species Elaeagnus angustifolia to assist in future investigations of genetic variability in its native and invasive ranges and the precise origins of the United States/Canada invasion. • METHODS AND RESULTS: Eleven polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed. The number of alleles observed for each locus ranged from three to 11. • CONCLUSIONS: These microsatellites have sufficient potential variability to define population structure and origins of the Russian olive invasion...
September 2013: Applications in Plant Sciences
Tao Su, Peter Wilf, He Xu, Zhe-Kun Zhou
UNLABELLED:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is a major center of plant diversity and endemism, but little is known about how this developed due to the region's very scarce paleobotanical record. The silverberry genus Elaeagnus (Elaeagnaceae) reaches its greatest diversity (54 species) and endemism (36 species) in this area. Fossil Elaeagnaceae could provide significant evidence for the phylogeny and biogeography of the family and contribute primary data regarding the evolution of the unique Qinghai-Tibet Plateau flora in its dramatic setting of tectonic and climatic change...
August 2014: American Journal of Botany
Chi-Ren Liao, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Yu-Ling Ho, Ching-Ying Wang, Chang-Syun Yang, Cheng-Wen Lin, Yuan-Shiun Chang
Elaeagnus oldhamii Maxim. is a commonly used traditional herbal medicine. In Taiwan the leaves of E. oldhamii Maxim. are mainly used for treating lung disorders. Twenty five compounds were isolated from the leaves of E. oldhamii Maxim. in the present study. These included oleanolic acid (1), 3-O-(Z)-coumaroyl oleanolic acid (2), 3-O-(E)-coumaroyl oleanolic acid (3), 3-O-caffeoyl oleanolic acid (4), ursolic acid (5), 3-O-(Z)-coumaroyl ursolic acid (6), 3-O-(E)-coumaroyl ursolic acid (7), 3-O-caffeoyl ursolic acid (8), 3β, 13β-dihydroxyolean-11-en-28-oic acid (9), 3β, 13β-dihydroxyurs-11-en-28-oic acid (10), uvaol (11), betulin (12), lupeol (13), kaempferol (14), aromadendrin (15), epigallocatechin (16), cis-tiliroside (17), trans-tiliroside (18), isoamericanol B (19), trans-p-coumaric acid (20), protocatechuic acid (21), salicylic acid (22), trans-ferulic acid (23), syringic acid (24) and 3-O-methylgallic acid (25)...
2014: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Qingqing Chen, Juncheng Chen, Hongtao Du, Qi Li, Jun Chen, Gechao Zhang, Hong Liu, Junru Wang
In this study, two polysaccharides (Elaeagnus angustifolia L. polysaccharide-1 (PEA-1) and PEA-2) were prepared from Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Then, the preliminary structure and antioxidant activities of all the samples were investigated. The results showed that the average molecular weights for PEA-1 and PEA-2 were 9113 and 5020 Da, respectively. And, PEA-1 was mainly composed of rhamnose, xylose, mannose, glucose, and galactose, respectively. The components of PEA-2 were rhamnose, mannose, glucose, and galactose, respectively...
2014: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Lu Xu, Hao Wang, Qiong La, Fan Lu, Kun Sun, Yang Fang, Mei Yang, Yang Zhong, Qianhong Wu, Jiakuan Chen, H John B Birks, Wenju Zhang
Microrefugia at high altitudes or high latitudes are thought to play an important role in the post-glacial colonization of species. However, how populations in such microrefugia have responded to climate changes in alternating cold glacial and warm interglacial stages remain unclear. Here we present evidence to indicate the Rongbuk Valley of the Mt. Qomolangma (Mt. Everest) area, the highest region on earth, had microrefugia for Hippophae tibetana and discuss how this low shrub was adapted to the extreme climate fluctuations of the last 25,000 years by shifts...
2014: PloS One
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