Read by QxMD icon Read


Zhengxiang Liu, Jianfeng Zhu, Xiuyan Yang, Haiwen Wu, Qi Wei, Hairong Wei, Huaxin Zhang
Elaeagnus angustifolia is one of the most extensively afforested tree species in environment-harsh regions of northern China. Despite its exceptional tolerance to saline soil, the intrinsic adaptive physiology has not been revealed. In this study, we investigated the growth, organ-level ionic relations and organic osmoregulation of the seedlings hydroponically treated with 0, 100 and 200 mM NaCl for 30 days. We found that the growth characteristics and the whole-plant dry weight were not obviously stunted, but instead, were even slightly stimulated by the treatment of 100 mM NaCl...
2018: PloS One
Alaaeldin I Saleh, Islam Mohamed, Ahmed A Mohamed, Mennatallah Abdelkader, Huseyin C Yalcin, Tahar Aboulkassim, Gerald Batist, Amber Yasmeen, Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa
Oral cancer is a common malignancy in both men and women worldwide; this cancer is characterized by a marked propensity for invasion and spreading to local lymph nodes. On the other hand, Elaeagnus angustifolia (EA) is a medicinal plant that has been used for centuries for treating many human diseases in the Middle East. However, the effect of EA plant extract on human cancers especially oral has not been investigated yet. Thus, first we examined the outcome of EA flower extract on angiogenesis, using the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of the chicken embryo; we found that EA extract reduces blood vessel development of the CAM...
January 4, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Beata Olas, Jerzy Żuchowski, Bernadetta Lis, Bartosz Skalski, Bogdan Kontek, Łukasz Grabarczyk, Anna Stochmal
This study focuses on two fractions from sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson) fruits: the phenolic fraction (rich in non-acylated and acylated flavonoids and non-polar compounds) and the non-polar fraction. The objective was to investigate both the chemical composition of these fractions, as well as their biological activities in vitro. The tested fractions of sea buckthorn inhibited lipid peroxidation induced by H2O2, however, the non-polar fraction reduced more powerfully the process induced by H2O2/Fe as compared to the phenolic fraction...
May 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Zhicheng Wei, Fang Zuo, Wenqian Wang, Li Wang, Dong Tong, Yong Zeng, Ping Wang, Xianli Meng, Yi Zhang
The aim was to evaluate the protective effects of total flavones of Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson (TFE) against vascular endothelial injury in blood stasis model rats and explore the potential mechanisms preliminarily. The model of blood stasis rat model with vascular endothelial injury was induced by subcutaneous injection of adrenaline combined with ice-water bath. Whole blood viscosity (WBV), histological examination, and prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and fibrinogen (FIB) were measured...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Beata Olas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL CONTEXT: Plant oils are known to have biological activity. This review paper summarizes the current knowledge of the composition of sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson) seed and pulp oil and its beneficial health aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro and in vivo studies on humans and animals have found sea buckthorn oil to have a variety of beneficial properties to human health, and indicate that it may be a valuable component of human and animal nutrition...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lin Dong, Lei Yin, Hongfeng Quan, Yuankui Chu, Jincai Lu
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), associated with high mortality, is characterized by extensive death of hepatocytes and hepatic dysfunction. There is no effective treatment for FHF. Several studies have indicated that flavonoids can protect the liver from different factor-induced injury. Previously, we found that the extracts of Elaeagnus mollis leaves had favorable protective effects on acute liver injury. However, the role and mechanisms behind that was elusive. This study examined the hepatoprotective mechanisms of kaempferol-3-O-α-l-arabinopyranosyl-7-O-α-l-rhamnopyra-noside (KAR), a major flavonol glycoside of E...
October 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Zahra Amereh, Nasrin Hatami, Farshad H Shirazi, Saman Gholami, Seyed Hojjat Hosseini, Maryam Noubarani, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Sina Andalib, Fariborz Keyhanfar, Mohammad Reza Eskandari
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a frequent and fatal human cancer with poor diagnosis that accounts for over half a million deaths each year worldwide. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. known as oleaster has a wide range of pharmacological activities. This study aimed to investigate the chemopreventive effect of aqueous extract of E. angustifolia fruit (AEA) against diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced HCC in rats. HCC was induced in rats by a single injection of DEN (200 mg/kg) as an initiator. After two weeks, rats were orally administered 2-acetylaminofluorene or 2-AAF (30 mg/kg) as a promoter for two weeks...
2017: EXCLI Journal
Omid Koohi-Hosseinabadi, Zahra Ranjbar, Masood Sepehrimanesh, Azadeh AndisheTadbir, Seyedeh Leila Poorbaghi, Hajar Bahranifard, Nader Tanideh, Maryam Koohi-Hosseinabadi, Aida Iraji
Oral mucositis (OM) is one of the cancer chemotherapy-related side effects which can affect the quality of life of affected patients. This study was designed to investigate the healing effect of Elaeagnus angustifolia in 5-flurouracil (5-FU)-induced OM in golden hamster. Fifty-six adult male golden hamsters received three intraperitoneal injections of 5-FU at a dose of 60 mg/kg on days 0, 5, and 10. The cheek pouch mucosa was scratched superficially under local anesthesia. Then, two horizontal scratches were made across the everted cheek pouch on days 3 and 4...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mohmmad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Ali Noorafshan, Pedram Talezadeh, Nader Tanideh, Farhad Koohpeyma, Aida Iraji, Marzieh Bakhshayeshkaram, Nima Montazeri-Najafabady
OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is characterized by increased fracture risk. However, each approved treatment has specific side effects. Therefore, foods with plant origins have increasingly attracted attention as an alternative treatment. Studies have shown that Elaeagnus angustifolia (EA) has antioxidant properties. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of EA hydroalcoholic extract on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in rats using stereological methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 55 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to control, sham operated (normal saline), ovariectomized (OVX), OVX + EA fruit extract (600 mg/kg BW/day), and OVX + estradiol benzoate (3 mg/kg BW) for 16 weeks...
May 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Manijeh Motevalian, Mehdi Shiri, Saeedeh Shiri, Zahra Shiri, Hadi Shiri
BACKGROUND: The Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has been traditionally used in Iranian herbal medicine to treat diarrhea and rheumatoid arthritis. In the present study, the effects of E. angustifolia fruit extract on the acute and chronic phases of formalin-induced rat paw edema were examined. METHODS: The acute and chronic anti-inflammatory effects of E. angustifolia fruit extract were investigated through the subcutaneous injection of 100 μL of formalin (2.5%) into a rat's hind paw...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Mansoor Karimifar, Rasool Soltani, Valiollah Hajhashemi, Sara Sarrafchi
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common articular disorders. Many patients do not respond to acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the mainstay of pharmacotherapy for knee OA. The plants Elaeagnus angustifolia and Boswellia thurifera have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of E. angustifolia alone and in combination with B. thurifera compared with ibuprofen in patients with knee osteoarthritis. In a randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial, 75 patients with knee OA were randomly and equally assigned to one of three groups Elaeagnus (n = 23), Elaeagnus/Boswellia (n = 26), and ibuprofen (n = 26) to receive the capsules of Elaeagnus, Elaeagnus/Boswellia, and ibuprofen, respectively, three times daily with meals for 4 weeks...
August 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Lina Kan, Lin Wang, Qingzhen Ding, Yanwen Wu, Jie Ouyang
A flash extraction method was used to isolate Elaeagnus mollis oil (EMO). The optimal extraction parameters, sample/solvent ratio and extraction temperature, were determined to be 1:10 (g/mL) and 40°C, respectively. Especially, the extraction yield reached 49.30% when the extraction time was as short as 2 min. No obvious difference was observed in fatty acid composition, iodine value, saponification number, total phenolic content and tocopherol content between flash-extracted EMO and Soxhlet-extracted EMO, but their physicochemical values were lower than those of cold-pressed EMO...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Kevin Li, Yifan He, Susanna K Campbell, A Shawn Colborn, Eliot L Jackson, Austin Martin, Ivan V Monagan, Theresa Wei Ying Ong, Ivette Perfecto
Invasive species are a significant threat to global biodiversity, but our understanding of how invasive species impact native communities across space and time remains limited. Based on observations in an old field in Southeast Michigan spanning 35 years, our study documents significant impacts of habitat change, likely driven by the invasion of the shrub, Elaeagnus umbellata, on the nest distribution patterns and population demographics of a native ant species, Formica obscuripes. Landcover change in aerial photographs indicates that E...
June 2017: Global Change Biology
Tevfik Ozen, Semiha Yenigun, Muhammed Altun, Ibrahim Demirtas
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Due to the common ethnopharmacological used or scientifically examined biochemical properties, Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellate (Thunb.) (EU, Guz yemisi) was worth investigating. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this investigation, we revealed antioxidant, antiproliferative and enzyme inhibition activities of the water, methanol, ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate and hexane extracts of EU as well as the contents of their phenolic, flavonoid, anthocyanin, ascorbic acid, lycopene and β- carotene...
2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Rafie Hamidpour, Soheila Hamidpour, Mohsen Hamidpour, Mina Shahlari, Mahnaz Sohraby, Nooshin Shahlari, Roxanna Hamidpour
Elaeagnus angustifolia L., which is commonly known as oleaster or Russian olive, is a deciduous plant from Elaeagnacea family. This plant can tolerate and survive a wide variety of environmental conditions. Different parts of E. angustifolia plant, especially the fruits and flowers, have been used traditionally in treating a variety of common illnesses such as nausea, cough, asthma, fever, jaundice, and diarrhea. The use of fruit powder and extract of E. angustifolia L. have shown to be effective in alleviating pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and also in reducing the healing time of wounds in injured person...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Ying-Ying Shang, Qin Qin, Meng-Shun Li, Hai-Yan Xu, Yue-Bin Ge
The leaves of Elaeagnus pungens were extracted and successively purified by a set chromatographic techniques. The structures of the obtained constituents were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods including 1D/2D NMR and high resolution-MS. One new flavonoid glycosides, kaempferol 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl(1 → 2)]-β-d-galactopyranoside-7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), along with five known compounds (2-6) were isolated and identified. The MTT assay in vitro showed that the isolated flavonol glycosides have no proliferating activity, suggesting no aggravating impact on the increased airway smooth muscle cells...
May 2017: Natural Product Research
Zeinab Amiri Tehranizadeh, Ali Baratian, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Introduction:Elaeagnus spp. is one in the family of riparian trees growing near the rivers or water corridors. In this family, Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) is famous because of its medical applications. Methods: A comprehensive review was performed to extract the related data from published literature. Results: Traditionally, it has been used as an analgesic, antipyretic and diuretic herbal medicine. A large number of compounds have been derived from Russian olive and made this plant a source of flavonoids, alkaloids, minerals and vitamins...
2016: BioImpacts: BI
Imen Nouioui, Faten Ghodhbane-Gtari, Maria Del Carmen Montero-Calasanz, Manfred Rohde, Louis S Tisa, Maher Gtari, Hans-Peter Klenk
Strain EuI1c(T) is the first actinobacterial endophyte isolated from Elaeagnus umbellata that was shown to be infective on members of Elaeagnaceae and Morella but lacking the ability to form effective root nodules on its hosts. The strain can be easily distinguished from strains of other Frankia species based on its inability to produce vesicles, the specialized thick-walled structures where nitrogen fixation occurs. Chemotaxonomically, strain EuI1c(T) contains phosphatidylinositol, diphosphatidylglycerol, two glycophospholipids and phosphatidylglycerol as phospholipids...
March 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Imen Nouioui, Faten Ghodhbane-Gtari, Maria Del Carmen Montero-Calasanz, Markus Göker, Jan P Meier-Kolthoff, Peter Schumann, Manfred Rohde, Michael Goodfellow, Maria P Fernandez, Philippe Normand, Louis S Tisa, Hans-Peter Klenk, Maher Gtari
Before the establishment of pure cultures, the species Frankia alni, 'Frankia casuarinae' and 'Frankia elaeagni' were proposed to encompass all causal agents of the nitrogen-fixing root nodules of dicotyledonous plants from the genera Alnus, Casuarina or Elaeagnus. The sole Frankia species with a validly published name, the type species F. alni, was described by Woronin (1866) as present in the root of alder. Until now no type strain has been designated for F. alni, even though the absence of a type strain has seriously inhibited the application of modern taxonomic methods to the genus Frankia...
December 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Farid Niknam, Amir Azadi, Alireza Barzegar, Pouya Faridi, Nader Tanideh, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Persian or Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.), from the family Elaeagnaceae, is a nitrogen-fixing thorny shrub extensively used in traditional medicine to alleviate pain and treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal problems, fever, and asthma. The current review has tried to give a concise overview of the phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of the plant from published data. Accordingly, published English literatures on Elaeagnus angustifolia were gathered from popular databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect up to 31 December 2015...
2016: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"