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Oktay Yildiz, Ernaz Altundağ, Bilal Çetin, Ş Teoman Güner, Murat Sarginci, Bulent Toprak
The afforestation of arid lands faces many challenges, and perhaps the most important key for success is choosing one or more species that are adapted well for local environmental conditions. We explored species that would be suitable for the steppe region of Central Anatolia. Intensive site preparation included ripping the subsoil (to 80 cm) and plowing the upper soil before planting seedlings of Elaeagnus angustifolia, Robinia pseudoacacia, Fraxinus angustifolia, and Pinus nigra were used as tree species...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Yin Bo Zhang, Chen Hong Gao, Hao Qin
Understanding the responses of the habitats of endangered species to climate change is of great significance for biodiversity conservation and the maintenance of the integrity of ecosystem function. In this study, the potential suitable distribution habitats of Elaeagnus mollis in Shanxi Province was simulated by the maximum entropy model, based on 73 occurrence field records and 35 environmental factors under the current climate condition. Moreover, with the Fifth Assessment Report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the dynamics of distribution pattern was analyzed for E...
April 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Ainagul K Ospanova, Ainagul B Kaliyeva, Lyailya E Anuarova, Aliya A Bazargaliyeva, Gulzira I Yernazarova, Aliya A Ramazanova, Imankul E Sekenov
Purpose: Vegetation plays a very important role in industrial regions in terms of not only air purification, but also oxygen enrichment, air humidity, and city aesthetics. The paper presents the authors' study of oleaster mildew during 2012-2013 in the cities of Pavlodar, Ekibastuz, and Aksu. Method: The species composition of mildew, patterns of its growth and reproduction, seasonal dynamics, and the level of trees infection according to a six-score scale were determined. Result: Three cultivars of mildew from three genera were registered...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Ki Woo Kim
External and internal features of Elaeagnus umbellata leaves were investigated by optical and electron microscopy. The adaxial (upper) and abaxial (lower) leaf surfaces appeared green and silver in color, respectively. There were peltate trichomes on both the adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces. The peltate trichomes were 200-300 μm in diameter and shield or umbrella-shaped. They had a central dome and 20-30 radiating rays that were fused to form a circular cap in the center and tapered at the end. The density of peltate trichomes was apparently higher on the abaxial leaf surface than on the adaxial leaf surface...
April 20, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Wei Chang, Xin Sui, Xiao-Xu Fan, Ting-Ting Jia, Fu-Qiang Song
Elaeagnus angustifolia L. is a drought-resistant species. Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is considered to be a bio-ameliorator of saline soils that can improve salinity tolerance in plants. The present study investigated the effects of inoculation with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Rhizophagus irregularis on the biomass, antioxidant enzyme activities, and root, stem, and leaf ion accumulation of E. angustifolia seedlings grown during salt stress conditions. Salt-stressed mycorrhizal seedlings produced greater root, stem, and leaf biomass than the uninoculated stressed seedlings...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Beata Olas, Bartosz Skalski, Karolina Ulanowska
Various parts of sea buckthorn [ Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson], particularly the berries, known also as seaberries, or Siberian pineapples, are characterized by a unique composition of bioactive compounds: phenolic compounds, vitamins (especially vitamin C), unsaturated fatty acids, and phytosterols such as beta-sitosterol. These berries, together with the juices, jams, and oils made from them, have a range of beneficial antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. This short review discusses whether sea buckthorn may represent a "golden mean" for the treatment of cancers: It has anti-proliferation properties and can induce apoptosis and stimulate the immune system, and sea buckthorn oil counteracts many side effects of chemotherapy by restoring kidney and liver function, increasing appetite, and keeping patients in general good health...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Zhengxiang Liu, Jianfeng Zhu, Xiuyan Yang, Haiwen Wu, Qi Wei, Hairong Wei, Huaxin Zhang
Elaeagnus angustifolia is one of the most extensively afforested tree species in environment-harsh regions of northern China. Despite its exceptional tolerance to saline soil, the intrinsic adaptive physiology has not been revealed. In this study, we investigated the growth, organ-level ionic relations and organic osmoregulation of the seedlings hydroponically treated with 0, 100 and 200 mM NaCl for 30 days. We found that the growth characteristics and the whole-plant dry weight were not obviously stunted, but instead, were even slightly stimulated by the treatment of 100 mM NaCl...
2018: PloS One
Alaaeldin I Saleh, Islam Mohamed, Ahmed A Mohamed, Mennatallah Abdelkader, Huseyin C Yalcin, Tahar Aboulkassim, Gerald Batist, Amber Yasmeen, Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa
Oral cancer is a common malignancy in both men and women worldwide; this cancer is characterized by a marked propensity for invasion and spreading to local lymph nodes. On the other hand, Elaeagnus angustifolia (EA) is a medicinal plant that has been used for centuries for treating many human diseases in the Middle East. However, the effect of EA plant extract on human cancers especially oral has not been investigated yet. Thus, first we examined the outcome of EA flower extract on angiogenesis, using the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of the chicken embryo; we found that EA extract reduces blood vessel development of the CAM...
February 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Beata Olas, Jerzy Żuchowski, Bernadetta Lis, Bartosz Skalski, Bogdan Kontek, Łukasz Grabarczyk, Anna Stochmal
This study focuses on two fractions from sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson) fruits: the phenolic fraction (rich in non-acylated and acylated flavonoids and non-polar compounds) and the non-polar fraction. The objective was to investigate both the chemical composition of these fractions, as well as their biological activities in vitro. The tested fractions of sea buckthorn inhibited lipid peroxidation induced by H2 O2 , however, the non-polar fraction reduced more powerfully the process induced by H2 O2 /Fe as compared to the phenolic fraction...
May 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Zhicheng Wei, Fang Zuo, Wenqian Wang, Li Wang, Dong Tong, Yong Zeng, Ping Wang, Xianli Meng, Yi Zhang
The aim was to evaluate the protective effects of total flavones of Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson (TFE) against vascular endothelial injury in blood stasis model rats and explore the potential mechanisms preliminarily. The model of blood stasis rat model with vascular endothelial injury was induced by subcutaneous injection of adrenaline combined with ice-water bath. Whole blood viscosity (WBV), histological examination, and prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and fibrinogen (FIB) were measured...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Beata Olas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL CONTEXT: Plant oils are known to have biological activity. This review paper summarizes the current knowledge of the composition of sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson) seed and pulp oil and its beneficial health aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro and in vivo studies on humans and animals have found sea buckthorn oil to have a variety of beneficial properties to human health, and indicate that it may be a valuable component of human and animal nutrition...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lin Dong, Lei Yin, Hongfeng Quan, Yuankui Chu, Jincai Lu
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), associated with high mortality, is characterized by extensive death of hepatocytes and hepatic dysfunction. There is no effective treatment for FHF. Several studies have indicated that flavonoids can protect the liver from different factor-induced injury. Previously, we found that the extracts of Elaeagnus mollis leaves had favorable protective effects on acute liver injury. However, the role and mechanisms behind that was elusive. This study examined the hepatoprotective mechanisms of kaempferol-3-O-α-l-arabinopyranosyl-7-O-α-l-rhamnopyra-noside (KAR), a major flavonol glycoside of E...
October 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Zahra Amereh, Nasrin Hatami, Farshad H Shirazi, Saman Gholami, Seyed Hojjat Hosseini, Maryam Noubarani, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Sina Andalib, Fariborz Keyhanfar, Mohammad Reza Eskandari
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a frequent and fatal human cancer with poor diagnosis that accounts for over half a million deaths each year worldwide. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. known as oleaster has a wide range of pharmacological activities. This study aimed to investigate the chemopreventive effect of aqueous extract of E. angustifolia fruit (AEA) against diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced HCC in rats. HCC was induced in rats by a single injection of DEN (200 mg/kg) as an initiator. After two weeks, rats were orally administered 2-acetylaminofluorene or 2-AAF (30 mg/kg) as a promoter for two weeks...
2017: EXCLI Journal
Omid Koohi-Hosseinabadi, Zahra Ranjbar, Masood Sepehrimanesh, Azadeh AndisheTadbir, Seyedeh Leila Poorbaghi, Hajar Bahranifard, Nader Tanideh, Maryam Koohi-Hosseinabadi, Aida Iraji
Oral mucositis (OM) is one of the cancer chemotherapy-related side effects which can affect the quality of life of affected patients. This study was designed to investigate the healing effect of Elaeagnus angustifolia in 5-flurouracil (5-FU)-induced OM in golden hamster. Fifty-six adult male golden hamsters received three intraperitoneal injections of 5-FU at a dose of 60 mg/kg on days 0, 5, and 10. The cheek pouch mucosa was scratched superficially under local anesthesia. Then, two horizontal scratches were made across the everted cheek pouch on days 3 and 4...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mohmmad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Ali Noorafshan, Pedram Talezadeh, Nader Tanideh, Farhad Koohpeyma, Aida Iraji, Marzieh Bakhshayeshkaram, Nima Montazeri-Najafabady
OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is characterized by increased fracture risk. However, each approved treatment has specific side effects. Therefore, foods with plant origins have increasingly attracted attention as an alternative treatment. Studies have shown that Elaeagnus angustifolia (EA) has antioxidant properties. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of EA hydroalcoholic extract on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in rats using stereological methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 55 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to control, sham operated (normal saline), ovariectomized (OVX), OVX + EA fruit extract (600 mg/kg BW/day), and OVX + estradiol benzoate (3 mg/kg BW) for 16 weeks...
May 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Manijeh Motevalian, Mehdi Shiri, Saeedeh Shiri, Zahra Shiri, Hadi Shiri
BACKGROUND: The Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit has been traditionally used in Iranian herbal medicine to treat diarrhea and rheumatoid arthritis. In the present study, the effects of E. angustifolia fruit extract on the acute and chronic phases of formalin-induced rat paw edema were examined. METHODS: The acute and chronic anti-inflammatory effects of E. angustifolia fruit extract were investigated through the subcutaneous injection of 100 μL of formalin (2.5%) into a rat's hind paw...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Mansoor Karimifar, Rasool Soltani, Valiollah Hajhashemi, Sara Sarrafchi
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common articular disorders. Many patients do not respond to acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the mainstay of pharmacotherapy for knee OA. The plants Elaeagnus angustifolia and Boswellia thurifera have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of E. angustifolia alone and in combination with B. thurifera compared with ibuprofen in patients with knee osteoarthritis. In a randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial, 75 patients with knee OA were randomly and equally assigned to one of three groups Elaeagnus (n = 23), Elaeagnus/Boswellia (n = 26), and ibuprofen (n = 26) to receive the capsules of Elaeagnus, Elaeagnus/Boswellia, and ibuprofen, respectively, three times daily with meals for 4 weeks...
August 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Lina Kan, Lin Wang, Qingzhen Ding, Yanwen Wu, Jie Ouyang
A flash extraction method was used to isolate Elaeagnus mollis oil (EMO). The optimal extraction parameters, sample/solvent ratio and extraction temperature, were determined to be 1:10 (g/mL) and 40°C, respectively. Especially, the extraction yield reached 49.30% when the extraction time was as short as 2 min. No obvious difference was observed in fatty acid composition, iodine value, saponification number, total phenolic content and tocopherol content between flash-extracted EMO and Soxhlet-extracted EMO, but their physicochemical values were lower than those of cold-pressed EMO...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Kevin Li, Yifan He, Susanna K Campbell, A Shawn Colborn, Eliot L Jackson, Austin Martin, Ivan V Monagan, Theresa Wei Ying Ong, Ivette Perfecto
Invasive species are a significant threat to global biodiversity, but our understanding of how invasive species impact native communities across space and time remains limited. Based on observations in an old field in Southeast Michigan spanning 35 years, our study documents significant impacts of habitat change, likely driven by the invasion of the shrub, Elaeagnus umbellata, on the nest distribution patterns and population demographics of a native ant species, Formica obscuripes. Landcover change in aerial photographs indicates that E...
June 2017: Global Change Biology
Tevfik Ozen, Semiha Yenigun, Muhammed Altun, Ibrahim Demirtas
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Due to the common ethnopharmacological used or scientifically examined biochemical properties, Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellate (Thunb.) (EU, Guz yemisi) was worth investigating. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this investigation, we revealed antioxidant, antiproliferative and enzyme inhibition activities of the water, methanol, ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate and hexane extracts of EU as well as the contents of their phenolic, flavonoid, anthocyanin, ascorbic acid, lycopene and β- carotene...
2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
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