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Zi-Qi Lin, Fan Song, Teng Li, Yuan-Yuan Wu, Xia Wan
Although conspicuous and well-studied, stag beetles have been slow to join the genomic era. In this study, mitochondrial genomes of two stag beetles, Sinodendron yunnanense and Prosopocoilus confucius, are sequenced for the first time. Both of their genomes consisted of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), and a control region. The mitogenome of S. yunnanense was 16,921 bp in length, and P. confucius was 16,951 bp. The location of the gene trnL(UUR), between the A + T-rich and control region in S...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Cesar R L Amaral, Filipe Pereira, Dayse A Silva, António Amorim, Elizeu F de Carvalho
Here we present a mitogenomic perspective on the evolution of sharks and rays, being a first glance on the complete mitochondrial history of such an old and diversified group of vertebrates. The Elasmobranchii is a diverse subclass of Chondrichthyes, or cartilaginous fish, with about 1200 species of ocean- and freshwater-dwelling fishes spread all over the world's seas, including some of the ocean's largest fishes. The group dates back about 400 million years near the Devonian-Silurian boundary, being nowadays represented by several derivative lineages, mainly related to Mesozoic forms...
September 20, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Balázs Brankovics, Peter van Dam, Martijn Rep, G Sybren de Hoog, Theo A J van der Lee, Cees Waalwijk, Anne D van Diepeningen
BACKGROUND: The Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) contains several phylogenetic lineages. Phylogenetic studies identified two to three major clades within the FOSC. The mitochondrial sequences are highly informative phylogenetic markers, but have been mostly neglected due to technical difficulties. RESULTS: A total of 61 complete mitogenomes of FOSC strains were de novo assembled and annotated. Length variations and intron patterns support the separation of three phylogenetic species...
September 18, 2017: BMC Genomics
Jiajia Wang, Hu Li, Renhuai Dai
Here, we describe the first complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence of the leafhopper Taharana fasciana (Coelidiinae). The mitogenome sequence contains 15,161 bp with an A + T content of 77.9%. It includes 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, and one non-coding (A + T-rich) region; in addition, a repeat region is also present (GenBank accession no. KY886913). These genes/regions are in the same order as in the inferred insect ancestral mitogenome. All protein-coding genes have ATN as the start codon, and TAA or single T as the stop codons, except the gene ND3, which ends with TAG...
September 14, 2017: Genetica
Il-Hun Kim, Jaejin Park, Ho Young Suk, Han-Gyu Bae, Mi-Sook Min, Tein-Shun Tsai, Daesik Park
To investigate the phylogenetic relationships of the genus Laticauda to related higher taxa, we compared the sequences of four mitochondrial genes (12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, ND4, Cytb) from three Laticauda species (L. colubrina, L. laticaudata, and L. semifasciata) with those of 55 Asian and Australo-Melanesian elapid species. We also characterized the complete mitogenomes of the three Laticauda species and compared the sequences of 13 mitochondrial genes from Laticauda species with five terrestrial elapid and one viperid species to estimate phylogenetic relationships and divergence times...
September 13, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Hu Li, John M Leavengood, Eric G Chapman, Daniel Burkhardt, Fan Song, Pei Jiang, Jinpeng Liu, Xuguo Zhou, Wanzhi Cai
Hemiptera, the largest non-holometabolous order of insects, represents approximately 7% of metazoan diversity. With extraordinary life histories and highly specialized morphological adaptations, hemipterans have exploited diverse habitats and food sources through approximately 300 Myr of evolution. To elucidate the phylogeny and evolutionary history of Hemiptera, we carried out the most comprehensive mitogenomics analysis on the richest taxon sampling to date covering all the suborders and infraorders, including 34 newly sequenced and 94 published mitogenomes...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Nan Song, Wanzhi Cai, Hu Li
Recent development and advancement of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have enabled the determination of mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) at extremely efficiency. In this study, complete or partial mitogenomes for 19 cicadomorphan species and six fulgoroid species were reconstructed by using the method of high-throughput sequencing from pooled DNA samples. Annotation analyses showed that the mitogenomes obtained have the typical insect mitogenomic content and structure. Combined with the existing hemipteran mitogenomes, a series of datasets with all 37 mitochondrial genes (up to 14,381 nt total) under different coding schemes were compiled to test previous hypotheses of deep-level phylogeny of Cicadomorpha...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chao Du, Lifang Zhang, Ting Lu, Jingnan Ma, Chenjuan Zeng, Bisong Yue, Xiuyue Zhang
BACKGROUND: Insect mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) exhibit high diversity in some lineages. The gene rearrangement and large intergenic spacer (IGS) have been reported in several Coleopteran species, although very little is known about mitogenomes of Meloidae. RESULTS: We determined complete or nearly complete mitogenomes of seven meloid species. The circular genomes encode 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNAs (tRNAs) and two ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), and contain a control region, with gene arrangement identical to the ancestral type for insects...
September 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
Faezah Mohd Salleh, Jazmín Ramos-Madrigal, Fernando Peñaloza, Shanlin Liu, S Sinding Mikkel-Holger, P Patel Riddhi, Renata Martins, Dorina Lenz, Jörns Fickel, Christian Roos, Mohd Shahir Shamsir, Mohammad Shahfiz Azman, K Lim Burton, J Rossiter Stephen, Andreas Wilting, M Thomas P Gilbert
Southeast (SE) Asia is 1 of the most biodiverse regions in the world, and it holds approximately 20% of all mammal species. Despite this, the majority of SE Asia's genetic diversity is still poorly characterized. The growing interest in using environmental DNA to assess and monitor SE Asian species, in particular threatened mammals-has created the urgent need to expand the available reference database of mitochondrial barcode and complete mitogenome sequences. We have partially addressed this need by generating 72 new mitogenome sequences reconstructed from DNA isolated from a range of historical and modern tissue samples...
August 1, 2017: GigaScience
Yung-Chih Chen, Chieh-Ting Wang, David C Lees, Li-Wei Wu
A large number of diverse mitogenomic sequences can be obtained more easily and affordably via mitochondrial metagenomics, which generates high-throughput sequences directly from sheared DNA extractions and assembles mitogenomic sequences using a few bioinformatic processing steps. However, following de novo assembly analysis, the optimal DNA fragment insert size is unclear. In this study, four extracted Limenitidinae butterfly DNA samples were sonically fragmented, and two fragment size ranges (200-400 and 400-600 bp) of each sample were tagged with different barcodes, producing pyrosequencing datasets...
September 5, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Zhao-Zhe Xin, Yu Liu, Dai-Zhen Zhang, Zheng-Fei Wang, Bo-Ping Tang, Hua-Bin Zhang, Chun-Lin Zhou, Xin-Yue Chai, Qiu-Ning Liu
This study was performed to better understand the phylogenetic relationships within the lepidopteran superfamily Noctuoidea. The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) has been extensively used for studying phylogenetic relationships at different taxonomic levels. In this study, the complete mitogenome of Spilarctia subcarnea (Noctuoidea: Erebidae) was sequenced and annotated. The mitogenome is 15,441bp in length, containing 13 typical protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs) and a noncoding control region (CR)...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Lu Yao, Hongjie Li, Robert D Martin, Corrie S Moreau, Ripan S Malhi
The biogeographical history of Southeast Asia is complicated due to the continuous emergences and disappearances of land bridges throughout the Pleistocene. Here, we use long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), which are widely distributed throughout the mainland and islands of Southeast Asia, asa model for better understanding the biogeographical patterns of diversification in this geographically complex region. A reliable intraspecific phylogeny including individuals from localities on oceanic islands, continental islands, and the mainland is needed to trace relatedness along with the pattern and timing of colonization in this region...
August 31, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Fengnian Wu, Luci Kumagai, Yijing Cen, Jianchi Chen, Christopher M Wallis, MaryLou Polek, Hongyan Jiang, Zheng Zheng, Guangwen Liang, Xiaoling Deng
Asian citrus psyllid (ACP, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama) transmits "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" (CLas), an unculturable alpha-proteobacterium associated with citrus Huanglongbing (HLB). CLas has recently been found in California. Understanding ACP population diversity is necessary for HLB regulatory practices aimed at reducing CLas spread. In this study, two circular ACP mitogenome sequences from California (mt-CApsy, ~15,027 bp) and Florida (mt-FLpsy, ~15,012 bp), USA, were acquired. Each mitogenome contained 13 protein coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA and 22 transfer RNA genes, and a control region varying in sizes...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
Weishu Fan, Wenhu Guo, James L Van Etten, Jeffrey P Mower
Ancient endosymbiotic relationships have led to extreme genomic reduction in many bacterial and eukaryotic algal endosymbionts. Endosymbionts in more recent and/or facultative relationships can also experience genomic reduction to a lesser extent, but little is known about the effects of the endosymbiotic transition on the organellar genomes of eukaryotes. To understand how the endosymbiotic lifestyle has affected the organellar genomes of photosynthetic green algae, we generated the complete plastid genome (plastome) and mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequences from three green algal endosymbionts (Chlorella heliozoae, Chlorella variabilis and Micractinium conductrix)...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Elmira Mohandesan, Robert R Fitak, Jukka Corander, Adiya Yadamsuren, Battsetseg Chuluunbat, Omer Abdelhadi, Abdul Raziq, Peter Nagy, Gabrielle Stalder, Chris Walzer, Bernard Faye, Pamela A Burger
The genus Camelus is an interesting model to study adaptive evolution in the mitochondrial genome, as the three extant Old World camel species inhabit hot and low-altitude as well as cold and high-altitude deserts. We sequenced 24 camel mitogenomes and combined them with three previously published sequences to study the role of natural selection under different environmental pressure, and to advance our understanding of the evolutionary history of the genus Camelus. We confirmed the heterogeneity of divergence across different components of the electron transport system...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Seongjun Park, Tracey A Ruhlman, Mao-Lun Weng, Nahid H Hajrah, Jamal S M Sabir, Robert K Jansen
Geraniaceae have emerged as a model system for investigating the causes and consequences of variation in plastid and mitochondrial genomes. Incredible structural variation in plastid genomes (plastomes) and highly accelerated evolutionary rates have been reported in selected lineages and functional groups of genes in both plastomes and mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes), and these phenomena have been implicated in cytonuclear incompatibility. Previous organelle genome studies have included limited sampling of Geranium, the largest genus in the family with over 400 species...
June 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
Ferdinand Marlétaz, Yannick Le Parco, Shenglin Liu, Katja T C A Peijnenburg
The extent of within-species genetic variation across the diversity of animal life is an underexplored problem in ecology and evolution. Although neutral genetic variation should scale positively with population size, mitochondrial diversity levels are believed to show little variation across animal species. Here, we report an unprecedented case of extreme mitochondrial diversity within natural populations of two morphospecies of chaetognaths (arrow worms). We determine that this diversity is composed of deep sympatric mitochondrial lineages, which are in some cases as divergent as human and platypus...
June 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
Marwa Al Arab, Matthias Bernt, Christian Höner Zu Siederdissen, Kifah Tout, Peter F Stadler
BACKGROUND: Genomic DNA frequently undergoes rearrangement of the gene order that can be localized by comparing the two DNA sequences. In mitochondrial genomes different mechanisms are likely at work, at least some of which involve the duplication of sequence around the location of the apparent breakpoints. We hypothesize that these different mechanisms of genome rearrangement leave distinctive sequence footprints. In order to study such effects it is important to locate the breakpoint positions with precision...
2017: Algorithms for Molecular Biology: AMB
Kamil Myszczyński, Alina Bączkiewicz, Katarzyna Buczkowska, Monika Ślipiko, Monika Szczecińska, Jakub Sawicki
Aneura pinguis is known as a species complex with several morphologically indiscernible species, which are often reproductively isolated from each other and show distinguishable genetic differences. Genetic dissimilarity of cryptic species may be detected by genomes comparison. This study presents the first complete sequences of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes of six cryptic species of A. pinguis complex: A. pinguis A, B, C, E, F, J. These genomes have been compared to each other in order to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships and to gain better understanding of the evolutionary process of cryptic speciation in this complex...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
Daniela Pignataro, Sofia Francia, Francesca Zanetta, Giulia Brenna, Stefania Brandini, Anna Olivieri, Antonio Torroni, Giuseppe Biamonti, Alessandra Montecucco
Genome integrity is continuously threatened by endogenous sources of DNA damage including reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by cell metabolism. Factors of the RNA interference (RNAi) machinery have been recently involved in the cellular response to DNA damage (DDR) in proliferating cells. To investigate the impact of component of RNAi machinery on DDR activation in terminally differentiated cells, we exploited cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) cell lines in which mitochondria of sporadic Parkinson's disease patients repopulate neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y-Rho(0) cells...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
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