keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mitogenome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811619/comparative-mitogenomic-analysis-of-aposthonia-borneensis-and-aposthonia-japonica-embioptera-oligotomidae-reveals-divergent-evolution-of-webspinners
#1
Zhi-Teng Chen, Liang Lü, Ming-Xing Lu, Yu-Zhou Du
In this study, we report the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome, mtDNA) of Aposthonia borneensis and compare it with another sequenced webspinner, Aposthonia japonica. The A. borneensis mitogenome is smaller than A. japonica, but the size of each gene and the A + T content of protein-coding genes (PCGs) are almost identical in the two mitogenomes. Among the PCGs, atp6 shows the highest evolutionary rate and cox1 the lowest. The mtDNA map in A. borneensis is similar to Drosophila yakuba, but distinctly different from A...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798740/smrt-sequencing-revealed-mitogenome-characteristics-and-mitogenome-wide-dna-modification-pattern-in-ophiocordyceps-sinensis
#2
Xincong Kang, Liqin Hu, Pengyuan Shen, Rui Li, Dongbo Liu
Single molecule, real-time (SMRT) sequencing was used to characterize mitochondrial (mt) genome of Ophiocordyceps sinensis and to analyze the mt genome-wide pattern of epigenetic DNA modification. The complete mt genome of O. sinensis, with a size of 157,539 bp, is the fourth largest Ascomycota mt genome sequenced to date. It contained 14 conserved protein-coding genes (PCGs), 1 intronic protein rps3, 27 tRNAs and 2 rRNA subunits, which are common characteristics of the known mt genomes in Hypocreales. A phylogenetic tree inferred from 14 PCGs in Pezizomycotina fungi supports O...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794438/complete-mitochondrial-genomes-of-anopheles-stephensi-and-an-dirus-and-comparative-evolutionary-mitochondriomics-of-50-mosquitoes
#3
You-Jin Hao, Yi-Lin Zou, Yi-Ran Ding, Wen-Yue Xu, Zhen-Tian Yan, Xu-Dong Li, Wen-Bo Fu, Ting-Jing Li, Bin Chen
To better understand the phylogeny and evolution of mosquitoes, the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Anopheles stephensi and An. dirus were sequenced and annotated, and a total of 50 mosquito mitogenomes were comparatively analyzed. The complete mitogenome of An. stephensi and An. dirus is 1,5371 bp and 1,5406 bp long, respectively. The main features of the 50 mosquito mitogenomes are conservative: 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, positive AT-skew and negative GC-skew...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791584/two-mitochondrial-genomes-in-alcedinidae-ceryle-rudis-halcyon-pileata-and-the-phylogenetic-placement-of-coraciiformes
#4
Xiaomin Sun, Ruoping Zhao, Ting Zhang, Jie Gong, Meidong Jing, Ling Huang
Coraciiformes comprises 209 species belonging to ten families with significant divergence on external morphologies and life styles. The phylogenetic placement of Coraciiformes was still in debate. Here, we determined the complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of Crested Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) and Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata). The mitogenomes were 17,355 bp (C. rudis) and 17,612 bp (H. pileata) in length, and both of them contained 37 genes (two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and 13 protein-coding genes) and one control region...
August 8, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791201/comparative-mitogenomic-analysis-of-mirid-bugs-hemiptera-miridae-and-evaluation-of-potential-dna-barcoding-markers
#5
Juan Wang, Li Zhang, Qi-Lin Zhang, Min-Qiang Zhou, Xiao-Tong Wang, Xing-Zhuo Yang, Ming-Long Yuan
The family Miridae is one of the most species-rich families of insects. To better understand the diversity and evolution of mirids, we determined the mitogenome of Lygus pratenszs and re-sequenced the mitogenomes of four mirids (i.e., Apolygus lucorum, Adelphocoris suturalis, Ade. fasciaticollis and Ade. lineolatus). We performed a comparative analysis for 15 mitogenomic sequences representing 11 species of five genera within Miridae and evaluated the potential of these mitochondrial genes as molecular markers...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782594/comparative-mitogenomics-phylogeny-and-evolutionary-history-of-leptogorgia-gorgoniidae
#6
Angelo Poliseno, Christian Feregrino, Stéphane Sartoretto, Didier Aurelle, Gert Wörheide, Catherine S McFadden, Sergio Vargas
Molecular analyses of the ecologically important gorgonian octocoral genus Leptogorgia are scant and mostly deal with few species from restricted geographical regions. Here we explore the phylogenetic relationships and the evolutionary history of Leptogorgia using the complete mitochondrial genomes of six Leptogorgia species from different localities in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and eastern Pacific as well as four other genera of Gorgoniidae and Plexauridae. Our mitogenomic analyses showed high inter-specific diversity, variable nucleotide substitution rates and, for some species, novel genomic features such as ORFs of unknown function...
August 4, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770678/mitochondrial-genomes-of-two-pygmy-grasshoppers-orthoptera-tetrigoidea-and-a-comparative-analysis-of-caelifera-mitogenomes
#7
Jie Yang, Chao Lu, Zhi-Bin Zhang, Yuan Huang, Li-Liang Lin
The nearly complete mitogenomes of Bolivaritettix sikkinensis and Bolivaritettix yuanbaoshanensis were determined and compared with the mitogenomes of other 29 caeliferans. These two newly determined mitogenomes displayed the typical gene organization and composition, codon usage and AT skew of most Caelifera mitogenomes. A comparison of 31 orthopteran sequences revealed that the main causes of the differences in total length are an A+T-rich region and the length of IGS, even the rRNAs, and an AT content proportional to the value of AT-skew in the third position of PCGs...
August 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767123/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-the-lappet-moth-kunugia-undans-lepidoptera-lasiocampidae-genomic-comparisons-among-macroheteroceran-superfamilies
#8
Min Jee Kim, Jun Seong Jeong, Jong Seok Kim, Su Yeon Jeong, Iksoo Kim
The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) characteristics of the monotypic Lasiocampoidea are largely unknown, because only limited number of mitogenomes is available from this superfamily. In this study, we sequenced the complete mitogenome of the lappet moth, Kunugia undans (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) and compared it to those of Lasiocampoidea and macroheteroceran superfamilies (59 species in six superfamilies). The 15,570-bp K. undans genome had one additional trnR that was located between trnA and trnN loci and this feature was unique in Macroheterocera, including Lasiocampoidea...
July 31, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764911/cultural-diffusion-of-indo-aryan-languages-into-bangladesh-a-perspective-from-mitochondrial-dna
#9
Yu-Chun Li, Hua-Wei Wang, Jiao-Yang Tian, Rui-Lei Li, Zia Ur Rahman, Qing-Peng Kong
Although both linguistic and historical studies indicated only a small group of Aryans had been involved into the diffusion of Indo-Aryan languages into Bangladesh, no genetic studies had been carried out to prove this notion. By studying mitochondrial DNA variants of 240 Bengali speakers in Bangladesh, among which 23 mitogenomes are completely sequenced, we found a high proportion of South Asian components in this group. By contrast, only a small proportion of lineages can be traced back to western Eurasia, which could be attributed to recent gene flow...
July 29, 2017: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754240/resolution-of-the-enigmatic-phylogenetic-relationship-of-the-critically-endangered-western-swamp-tortoise-pseudemydura-umbrina-pleurodira-chelidae-using-a-complete-mitochondrial-genome
#10
Xiuwen Zhang, Peter J Unmack, Gerald Kuchling, Yinan Wang, Arthur Georges
Pseudemydura umbrina is one of the most endangered turtle species in the world, and the imperative for its conservation is its distinctive morphology and relict status among the Chelidae. We use Illumina sequencing to obtain the complete mitogenome for resolving its uncertain phylogenetic position. A novel nuclear paralogue confounded the assembly, and resolution of the authentic mitogenome required further Sanger sequencing. The P. umbrina mitogenome is 16,414bp comprising 37 genes organized in a conserved pattern for other vertebrates...
July 25, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753660/molecular-systematics-of-the-anchovy-genus-encrasicholina-in-the-northwest-pacific
#11
Sébastien Lavoué, Joris A M Bertrand, Hui-Yu Wang, Wei-Jen Chen, Hsuan-Ching Ho, Hiroyuki Motomura, Harutaka Hata, Tetsuya Sado, Masaki Miya
The anchovy genus Encrasicholina is an important coastal marine resource of the tropical Indo-West Pacific (IWP) region for which insufficient comparative data are available to evaluate the effects of current exploitation levels on the sustainability of its species and populations. Encrasicholina currently comprises nine valid species that are morphologically very similar. Only three, Encrasicholina punctifer, E. heteroloba, and E. pseudoheteroloba, occur in the Northwest Pacific subregion of the northeastern part of the IWP region...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747720/mitochondrial-genomes-of-two-bombycoidea-insects-and-implications-for-their-phylogeny
#12
Zhao-Zhe Xin, Yu Liu, Xiao-Yu Zhu, Ying Wang, Hua-Bin Zhang, Dai-Zhen Zhang, Chun-Lin Zhou, Bo-Ping Tang, Qiu-Ning Liu
The mitochondrial genome (mt genome) provides important information for understanding molecular evolution and phylogenetics. As such, the two complete mt genomes of Ampelophaga rubiginosa and Rondotia menciana were sequenced and annotated. The two circular genomes of A. rubiginosa and R. menciana are 15,282 and 15,636 bp long, respectively, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and an A + T-rich region. The nucleotide composition of the A. rubiginosa mt genome is A + T rich (81...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742928/shotgun-mitogenomics-across-body-size-classes-in-a-local-assemblage-of-tropical-diptera-phylogeny-species-diversity-and-mitochondrial-abundance-spectrum
#13
Le Qin Choo, Alex Crampton-Platt, Alfried P Vogler
Mitochondrial genomes can be assembled readily from shotgun sequenced DNA mixtures of mass-trapped arthropods ('mitochondrial metagenomics'), speeding up the taxonomic characterization. Bulk sequencing was conducted on some 800 individuals of Diptera obtained by canopy-fogging of a single tree in Borneo dominated by small (<1.5 mm) individuals. Specimens were split into five body-size classes for DNA extraction, to equalize read numbers across specimens and to study how body size, a key ecological trait, interacts with species and phylogenetic diversity...
July 25, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742865/a-novel-mitochondrial-genome-of-arborophila-and-new-insight-into-arborophila-evolutionary-history
#14
Chaochao Yan, Biqin Mou, Yang Meng, Feiyun Tu, Zhenxin Fan, Megan Price, Bisong Yue, Xiuyue Zhang
The lineage of the Bar-backed Partridge (Arborophila brunneopectus) was investigated to determine the phylogenetic relationships within Arborophila as the species is centrally distributed within an area covered by the distributions of 22 South-east Asian hill partridge species. The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of A. brunneopectus was determined and compared with four other hill partridge species mitogenomes. NADH subunit genes are radical in hill partridge mitogenomes and contain the most potential positive selective sites around where variable sites are abundant...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742843/sequencing-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genomes-of-eight-freshwater-snail-species-exposes-pervasive-paraphyly-within-the-viviparidae-family-caenogastropoda
#15
Ju-Guang Wang, Dong Zhang, Ivan Jakovlić, Wei-Min Wang
Phylogenetic relationships among snails (Caenogastropoda) are still unresolved, and many taxonomic categories remain non-monophyletic. Paraphyly has been reported within a large family of freshwater snails, Viviparidae, where the taxonomic status of several species remains questionable. As many endemic Chinese viviparid species have become endangered during the last few decades, this presents a major obstacle for conservation efforts. Mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) carry a large amount of data, so they can often provide a much higher resolution for phylogenetic analyses in comparison to the traditionally used molecular markers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736914/internal-diversification-of-non-sub-saharan-haplogroups-in-sahelian-populations-and-the-spread-of-pastoralism-beyond-the-sahara
#16
Iva Kulichová, Verónica Fernandes, Alioune Deme, Jana Nováčková, Vlastimil Stenzl, Andrea Novelletto, Luísa Pereira, Viktor Černý
BACKGROUND: Today, African pastoralists are found mainly in the Sahel/Savannah belt spanning 6,000 km from west to east, flanked by the Sahara to the north and tropical rainforests to the south. The most significant group among them are the Fulani who not only keep cattle breeds of possible West Eurasian ancestry, but form themselves a gene pool containing some paternally and maternally-transmitted West Eurasian haplogroups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We generated complete sequences for 33 mitogenomes belonging to haplogroups H1 and U5 (23 and 10, respectively), and genotyped 16 STRs in 65 Y chromosomes belonging to haplogroup R1b-V88...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730527/characterization-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-acanthoscelides-obtectus-coleoptera-chrysomelidae-bruchinae-with-phylogenetic-analysis
#17
Jie Yao, Hong Yang, Renhuai Dai
Acanthoscelides obtectus is a common species of the subfamily Bruchinae and a worldwide-distributed seed-feeding beetle. The complete mitochondrial genome of A. obtectus is 16,130 bp in length with an A + T content of 76.4%. It contains a positive AT skew and a negative GC skew. The mitogenome of A. obtectus contains 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNA genes, two rRNA genes and a non-coding region (D-loop). All PCGs start with an ATN codon, and seven (ND3, ATP6, COIII, ND3, ND4L, ND6, and Cytb) of them terminate with TAA, while the remaining five (COI, COII, ND1, ND4, and ND5) terminate with a single T, ATP8 terminates with TGA...
July 20, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724311/characterization-of-complete-mitochondrial-genomes-of-indigenous-mayans-in-mexico
#18
Fuzuki Mizuno, Li Wang, Saburo Sugiyama, Kunihiko Kurosaki, Julio Granados, Celta Gomez-Trejo, Víctor Acuña-Alonzo, Shintaroh Ueda
In this study, we determined the complete mitogenome sequences of nine unrelated individuals from the indigenous Maya population living in Mexico. Their mitogenome sequences could be classified into either of the haplogroups A2 and C1. We previously published the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequences of two indigenous Mesoamerican populations, Mazahua (n = 25) and Zapotec (n =88). Surprisingly, there were no mitogenome sequences (haplotypes) that the Maya, Mazahua, and Zapotec people share in common...
July 20, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720533/phylogenetic-relationships-of-diurnal-phytotelm-breeding-melanophryniscus-anura-bufonidae-based-on-mitogenomic-data
#19
Marcio R Pie, Patrícia R Ströher, Ricardo Belmonte-Lopes, Marcos R Bornschein, Luiz F Ribeiro, Brant C Faircloth, John E McCormack
Melanophryniscus is a bufonid frog genus with a broad geographic distribution over southeastern South America. In recent years, several new species of Melanophryniscus have been discovered in southern Brazil showing a distinctive life-history strategy for the genus - breeding in phytotelmata - as well as a strong association with high-altitude regions. In this study, we use mitogenomic data to infer the phylogenetic relationships among diurnal, phytotelm-breeding Melanophryniscus and to determine the timing of their divergence...
July 15, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713786/development-of-a-method-to-extract-and-amplify-the-complete-mitogenome-of-some-sparidae-species
#20
Celestina Mascolo, Marina Ceruso, Paolo Sordino, Giuseppe Palma, Aniello Anastasio, Tiziana Pepe
Previous studies showed that fish mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is set up by a closed circular molecule of 16-17 kilobases (kb), comprising 2 ribosomal RNA genes (rRNA), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNA), 13 protein-coding genes and 2 non-coding regions. The analysis of single mtDNA genes, such as Cytb, COI, 16S and 12S, or short segment of them, has been widely used against species substitution in both fresh and processed fish products. The analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome of fishery products allows to better study and characterise fish species...
April 13, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
keyword
keyword
69161
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"