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Annika Mae Lamb, Han Ming Gan, Chris Greening, Leo Joseph, Yin Peng Lee, Alejandra Morán-Ordóñez, Paul Sunnucks, Alexandra Pavlova
Diversifying selection between populations that inhabit different environments can promote lineage divergence within species and ultimately drive speciation. The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) encodes essential proteins of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system and can be a strong target for climate-driven selection (i.e. associated with inhabiting different climates). We investigated whether Pleistocene climate changes drove mitochondrial selection and evolution within Australian birds. First, using phylogeographic analyses of the mitochondrial ND2 gene for 17 songbird species, we identified mitochondrial clades (mitolineages)...
January 15, 2018: Molecular Ecology
Katarzyna Skonieczna, Boris Malyarchuk, Arkadiusz Jawień, Andrzej Marszałek, Zbigniew Banaszkiewicz, Paweł Jarmocik, Tomasz Grzybowski
So far, a reliable spectrum of mitochondrial DNA mutations in colorectal cancer cells is still unknown, and neither is their significance in carcinogenesis. Indeed, it remains debatable whether mtDNA mutations are "drivers" or "passengers" of colorectal carcinogenesis. Thus, we analyzed 200 mitogenomes from normal and cancer tissues of 100 colorectal cancer patients. Minority variant mutations were detected at the 1% level. We showed that somatic mutations frequently occur in colorectal cancer cells (75%) and are randomly distributed across the mitochondrial genome...
January 12, 2018: Human Mutation
E Matisoo-Smith, A L Gosling, D Platt, O Kardailsky, S Prost, S Cameron-Christie, C J Collins, J Boocock, Y Kurumilian, M Guirguis, R Pla Orquín, W Khalil, H Genz, G Abou Diwan, J Nassar, P Zalloua
The Phoenicians emerged in the Northern Levant around 1800 BCE and by the 9th century BCE had spread their culture across the Mediterranean Basin, establishing trading posts, and settlements in various European Mediterranean and North African locations. Despite their widespread influence, what is known of the Phoenicians comes from what was written about them by the Greeks and Egyptians. In this study, we investigate the extent of Phoenician integration with the Sardinian communities they settled. We present 14 new ancient mitogenome sequences from pre-Phoenician (~1800 BCE) and Phoenician (~700-400 BCE) samples from Lebanon (n = 4) and Sardinia (n = 10) and compare these with 87 new complete mitogenomes from modern Lebanese and 21 recently published pre-Phoenician ancient mitogenomes from Sardinia to investigate the population dynamics of the Phoenician (Punic) site of Monte Sirai, in southern Sardinia...
2018: PloS One
Asma Awadi
Background: Mitochondria are fundamental organelles responsible for cellular metabolism and energy production in eukaryotes via the oxidative phosphorylation pathway. Mitochondrial DNA is often used in population and species studies with the assumption of neutral evolution. However, evidence of positive selection in mitochondrial coding genes of various animal species has accumulated suggesting that amino acid changes in mtDNA might be adaptive. The functional and physiological implications of the inferred positively selected sites are usually unknown and are only evaluated based on available structural and functional models...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Research
Peter G Foster, Tatiane Marques Porangaba de Oliveira, Eduardo S Bergo, Jan E Conn, Denise Cristina Sant'Ana, Sandra Sayuri Nagaki, Silvio Nihei, Carlos Einicker Lamas, Christian González, Caio Cesar Moreira, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum
Malaria is a vector-borne disease that is a great burden on the poorest and most marginalized communities of the tropical and subtropical world. Approximately 41 species of Anopheline mosquitoes can effectively spread species of Plasmodium parasites that cause human malaria. Proposing a natural classification for the subfamily Anophelinae has been a continuous effort, addressed using both morphology and DNA sequence data. The monophyly of the genus Anopheles, and phylogenetic placement of the genus Bironella, subgenera Kerteszia, Lophopodomyia and Stethomyia within the subfamily Anophelinae, remain in question...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Xiao-Chen Huang, Rui-Wen Wu, Chang-Ting An, Guang-Long Xie, Jin-Hui Su, Shan Ouyang, Chun-Hua Zhou, Xiao-Ping Wu
The family Margaritiferidae encompasses 12 valid species, which are distributed widely but disjunctively in the Northern Hemisphere. A lack of a well resolved and temporally calibrated phylogenetic framework of Margaritiferidae has made it difficult to discuss the evolutionary pattern and process. Phylogenetic relationships between five major clades, which were revealed in earlier studies, remain elusive and unresolved. Lamprotula rochechouartii has long been classified within the family Unionidae based on shell morphology, but our preliminary molecular study on this species made us hypothesize that it has an affinity with margaritiferids...
December 20, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Ana Y Morales-Arce, Courtney A Hofman, Ana T Duggan, Adam K Benfer, M Anne Katzenberg, Geoffrey McCafferty, Christina Warinner
The northern and southern peripheries of ancient Mesoamerica are poorly understood. There has been speculation over whether borderland cultures such as Greater Nicoya and Casas Grandes represent Mesoamerican outposts in the Isthmo-Colombian area and the Greater Southwest, respectively. Poor ancient DNA preservation in these regions challenged previous attempts to resolve these questions using conventional genetic techniques. We apply advanced in-solution mitogenome capture and high-throughput sequencing to fourteen dental samples obtained from the Greater Nicoya sites of Jícaro and La Cascabel in northwest Costa Rica (n = 9; A...
December 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Liqiang Zhong, Minghua Wang, Daming Li, Shengkai Tang, Tongqing Zhang, Wenji Bian, Xiaohui Chen
Herein, the complete mitochondrial genome of Odontobutis haifengensis was sequenced for the first time. The O. haifengensis mitogenome was 17,016bp in length and included 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), and a control region (CR). The genome organization, base composition, codon usage, and gene rearrangement was similar to other Odontobutis species. Furthermore, a tRNA gene rearrangement within the SLH cluster was found to be identical to other Odontobutis species...
December 17, 2017: Genomics
Janet C Buckner, Ryan Ellingson, David A Gold, Terry L Jones, David K Jacobs
Chendytes lawi, an extinct flightless diving anseriform from coastal California, was traditionally classified as a sea duck, tribe Mergini, based on similarities in osteological characters. We recover and analyze mitochondrial genomes of C. lawi and five additional Mergini species, including the extinct Labrador Duck, Camptorhyncus labradorius. Despite its diving morphology, C. lawi is reconstructed as an ancient relictual lineage basal to the dabbling ducks (tribe Anatini), revealing an additional example of convergent evolution of characters related to feeding behavior among ducks...
December 13, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Huaxuan Liu, Liyun Yan, Guofang Jiang
In this study, we reported the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Sinopodisma pieli by polymerase chain reaction method for the first time, the type species of the genus Sinopodisma. Its mitogenome was a circular DNA molecule of 15,625 bp in length, with 76.0% A+T, and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes and two ribosomal RNA genes and one A+T control region. The overall base composition of the S. pieli mitogenome was 42.8% for A, 33.2% for T, 13.5% for C, and 10.5% for G, respectively...
December 12, 2017: Zootaxa
D V Goryunov, M D Logacheva, M S Ignatov, I A Milyutina, A V Fedorova, A V Troitsky
The mitochondrial genome of the pleurocarpous moss Brachythecium rivulare has been sequenced and annotated. The genome consists of 104,460 base pairs and has approximately the same gene set and organization as other bryophyte mitogenomes. Whole mitochondrial genome comparison between B. rivulare and Physcomitrella patens, Tetraphis pellucida, Anomodon rugelii, and Anomodon attenuatus was performed. The primary cause of bryophyte mitochondrial gene length variation was found to be numerous indels in the introns...
November 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Hoi-Sen Yong, Sze-Looi Song, Phaik-Eem Lim, Praphathip Eamsobhana
The tephritid fruit fly Zeugodacus tau (Walker) is a polyphagous fruit pest of economic importance in Asia. Studies based on genetic markers indicate that it forms a species complex. We report here (1) the complete mitogenome of Z. tau from Malaysia and comparison with that of China as well as the mitogenome of other congeners, and (2) the relationship of Z. tau taxa from different geographical regions based on sequences of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene. The complete mitogenome of Z. tau had a total length of 15631 bp for the Malaysian specimen (ZT3) and 15835 bp for the China specimen (ZT1), with similar gene order comprising 37 genes (13 protein-coding genes-PCGs, 2 rRNA genes, and 22 tRNA genes) and a non-coding A + T-rich control region (D-loop)...
2017: PloS One
Miroslava Derenko, Galina Denisova, Boris Malyarchuk, Irina Dambueva, Boris Bazarov
In this paper we present a results of first comprehensive study of the complete mitogenomes in the Buryats with regard to their belonging to the main regional (eastern and western Buryats); tribal (Khori, Ekhirid, Bulagad, and Khongodor), and ethno-territorial (Aginsk, Alar, Balagansk, Barguzin, Ida, Khorinsk, Kuda, Selenga, Verkholensk, Olkhon, Tunka, and Shenehen Buryats) groups. The analysis of molecular variation performed using regional, tribal, and ethno-territorial divisions of the Buryats showed lack of genetic differentiation at all levels...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
Yimin Du, Wu Dai, Christopher H Dietrich
The widespread leafhopper genus Scaphoideus Uhler is the most diverse genus in Scaphoideini and includes some species that are serious pests and vectors of plant pathogens. Here the first Scaphoideus mitogenome sequences are provided for three species, S. maai, S. nigrivalveus and S. varius, representing three main species groups in the Oriental region based on color pattern. The lengths of these three mitogenomes were 15,188, 15,235 and 15,207 bp, respectively. Gene order of three mitogenomes is highly conserved and identical to that of the putative ancestral insect...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jade Bruxaux, Maëva Gabrielli, Hidayat Ashari, Robert Prŷs-Jones, Leo Joseph, Borja Milá, Guillaume Besnard, Christophe Thébaud
Assessing the relative contributions of immigration and diversification into the buildup of species diversity is key to understanding the role of historical processes in driving biogeographical and diversification patterns in species-rich regions. Here, we investigated how colonization, in situ speciation, and extinction history may have generated the present-day distribution and diversity of Goura crowned pigeons (Columbidae), a group of large forest-dwelling pigeons comprising four recognized species that are all endemic to New Guinea...
November 30, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Yun Su, Yue Zhang, Shiqian Feng, Jia He, Zihua Zhao, Zhenzhen Bai, Lijun Liu, Rong Zhang, Zhihong Li
Neoceratitis asiatica (Becker) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the most important fruit pestsof wolfberry which is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb. We characterized the complete mitochondrial genome of N. asiatica and described its organization in this study. This mitogenome had a total length of 15,481 bp, consisting of 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and a non-coding region (A + T-rich control region). The overall base composition of N. asiatica in descending order was 40...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jong Seok Kim, Min Jee Kim, Jun Seong Jeong, Iksoo Kim
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Saturnia jonasii (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) was sequenced and compared to those of 19 other bombycoid species. Furthermore, the mitogenome sequences were used to infer phylogenetic relationships among bombycoid species. The 15,261-bp Saturnia jonasii mitogenome contained the typical sets of genes and gene arrangements found in majority of Lepidoptera. All Bombycoidea species, including Saturnia jonasii, have a 15-33-bp spacer sequence at the trnS2-ND1 junction...
November 27, 2017: Genomics
Nan Song, Xinming Yin, Xincheng Zhao, Junhua Chen, Jian Yin
Mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequences are frequently used to infer phylogenetic relationships of insects at different taxonomic levels. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques are revolutionizing many fields of biology, and allow for acquisition of insect mitogenomes for large number of species simultaneously. In this study, 20 full or partial mitogenomes were sequenced from pooled genomic DNA samples by NGS for leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae). Combined with published mitogenome sequences, a higher level phylogeny of Chrysomelidae was reconstructed under maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference with different models and various data treatments...
November 30, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Guo-Gang Li, Ming-Xia Zhang, Kyaw Swa, Kyaw-Win Maung, Rui-Chang Quan
The leaf muntjac (Muntiacus putaoensis) is an endemic deer species found in the east trans-Himalayan region. In recent years, population numbers have decreased due to heavy hunting and habitat loss, and little genetic data exists for this species, thus our knowledge of distribution rangs and population sizes likewise remain limited. We obtained mtDNA genes and the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of M. putaoensis using PCR, followed by direct sequencing. The complete mitogenome sequence was determined as a circular 16 349 bp mitochondrial genome, containing 13 protein-coding genes, two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and one control region, the gene composition and order of which were similar to most other vertebrates so far reported...
September 18, 2017: Zoological Research
Urszula Krzemińska, Hernán E Morales, Chris Greening, Árpád S Nyári, Robyn Wilson, Beng Kah Song, Christopher M Austin, Paul Sunnucks, Alexandra Pavlova, Sadequr Rahman
The House Crow (Corvus splendens) is a useful study system for investigating the genetic basis of adaptations underpinning successful range expansion. The species originates from the Indian subcontinent, but has successfully spread through a variety of thermal environments across Asia, Africa and Europe. Here, population mitogenomics was used to investigate the colonisation history and to test for signals of molecular selection on the mitochondrial genome. We sequenced the mitogenomes of 89 House Crows spanning four native and five invasive populations...
November 28, 2017: Heredity
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