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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336805/what-is-data-ethics
#1
Luciano Floridi, Mariarosaria Taddeo
This theme issue has the founding ambition of landscaping data ethics as a new branch of ethics that studies and evaluates moral problems related to data (including generation, recording, curation, processing, dissemination, sharing and use), algorithms (including artificial intelligence, artificial agents, machine learning and robots) and corresponding practices (including responsible innovation, programming, hacking and professional codes), in order to formulate and support morally good solutions (e.g. right conducts or right values)...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336507/planking-or-the-lying-down-game-two-case-reports
#2
Stefania Barbieri, Paolo Feltracco, Luca Omizzolo, Rossella Snenghi, Rafi El Mazloum, Gianna Vettore, Mauro Bergamini, Armando Stefanati, Daniele Donato, Cecilia Ferronato, Francesco Maria Avato, Alberto Tredese, Rosa Maria Gaudio
BACKGROUND: The monitoring and management of risks regarding children and young people admitted to the emergency department as a result of dangerous behaviors distributed via the Internet should be based on clinical reasoning and knowledge about these social media-related phenomena. Here we examine 2 cases of teenagers who reported severe injuries while performing the "planking" craze, a challenge that consists in lying face-down stiffly like a board on any kind of surface. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine and describe the Internet craze called planking, also known as the "lying-down game," through 2 case reports from our experience, enriching this study with information gained through discussions with secondary school teenagers...
March 23, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336427/high-resolution-anatomical-and-quantitative-mri-of-the-entire-human-occipital-lobe-ex-vivo-at-9-4t
#3
S Sengupta, F J Fritz, R L Harms, S Hildebrand, D H Y Tse, B A Poser, R Goebel, A Roebroeck
Several magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrasts are sensitive to myelin content in gray matter in vivo which has ignited ambitions of MRI-based in vivo cortical histology. Ultra-high field (UHF) MRI, at fields of 7T and beyond, is crucial to provide the resolution and contrast needed to sample contrasts over the depth of the cortex and get closer to layer resolved imaging. Ex vivo MRI of human post mortem samples is an important stepping stone to investigate MRI contrast in the cortex, validate it against histology techniques applied in situ to the same tissue, and investigate the resolutions needed to translate ex vivo findings to in vivo UHF MRI...
March 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333786/the-bundled-care-disruption
#4
Carol Anne Boston-Fleischhauer
The new administration and Congress will wrestle with the Affordable Care Act and options. In the meantime, several reimbursement programs designed to disrupt current approaches to patient care delivery continue, including the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services bundled payment program. Chief nurse executives must prepare to advance processes and care models that align with bundled payments and the broader ambition to eliminate care variation.
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330567/a-new-year-a-new-journal-new-ambitions
#5
EDITORIAL
C Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326722/-application-of-team-approach-and-key-techniques-of-cleft-lip-and-palate
#6
Shi Bing, Fu Yuchuan, Yin Ningbei, Huang Hong-Zhang, Liu Jianhua, Chen Renji, Zhu Hongping, Liu Qiang, Huang Yongqing, Ren Zhanping, Lu Yong, Xiao Wenlin, Song Qinggao, Li Wanshan, Li Sheng, Wang Hongtao, Zhang Junrui, Jiang Liping, Ma Li, Wang Ling, He Dengqi
The development of an expert consensus based on specific domestic situations will provide practical guidance to the efforts aiming at improving cleft care in China. The team approach of twenty-one cleft centers were pooled together, covering pre-surgical orthopedics, primary surgical repair, orthodontic treatment, alveolar bone graft, secondary deformity correction, palatal fistulae repair, the diagnosis and treatment of velopharyngeal incompetence, speech therapy, otitis media management, and skeletal deformity correction...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304332/a-wellness-mobile-application-for-smart-health-pilot-study-design-and-results
#7
Giovanna Sannino, Manolo Forastiere, Giuseppe De Pietro
Wellness is one of the main factors crucial in the avoidance of illness or disease. Experience has shown that healthy lifestyle programs are an important strategy to prevent the major shared risk factors for many diseases including cardiovascular diseases, strokes, diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Within the ambit of the Smart Health 2.0 project, a Wellness App has been developed which has the aim of providing people with something similar to a personal trainer. This Wellness App is able to gather information about the subject, to classify her/him by evaluating some of her/his specific characteristics (physical parameters and lifestyle) and to make personal recommendations to enhance her/his well-being...
March 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303232/scandinavian-exceptionalism-civic-integration-and-labour-market-activation-for-newly-arrived-immigrants
#8
Karen N Breidahl
Since the late 1990s, a wide range of so-called new civic integration policies aimed at civilizing or disciplining newcomers have been introduced. Consequently, migration scholars have discussed whether a converging restrictive 'civic turn' has taken place in Western Europe or whether national models have been resilient: Based on an in-depth historical and comparative analysis of labour market activation policies targeting newly arrived immigrants in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark since the early 1990s, the article contributes to the overall question: To what extent do the institutional pathways of the Scandinavian welfare states prevail when confronted with newcomers? Activation policies targeting newly arrived immigrants exemplifies how the ambition of states to promote functional, individual autonomy is also an important, ongoing process in diverse policy areas of the welfare state and not restricted to early integration instruments...
2017: Comp Migr Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297888/elasticity-of-smectic-liquid-crystals-with-in-plane-orientational-order-and-dispiration-asymmetry
#9
Jaya Kumar Alageshan, Buddhapriya Chakrabarti, Yashodhan Hatwalne
The Nelson-Peliti formulation of the elasticity theory of isolated fluid membranes with orientational order emphasizes the interplay between geometry, topology, and thermal fluctuations. Fluid layers of lamellar liquid crystals such as smectic-C, hexatic smectics, and smectic-C^{*} are endowed with in-plane orientational order. We extend the Nelson-Peliti formulation so as to bring these smectics within its ambit. Using the elasticity theory of smectics-C^{*}, we show that positive and negative dispirations (topological defects in Smectic-C^{*} liquid crystals) with strengths of equal magnitude have disparate energies-a result that is amenable to experimental tests...
February 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293228/prevention-and-control-strategies-to-counter-zika-epidemic
#10
REVIEW
Irfan A Rather, Sanjay Kumar, Vivek K Bajpai, Jeongheui Lim, Yong-Ha Park
ZIKA virus (ZIKA) has now become a global phenomenon. Since 2007, evidence of ZIKA transmission has been reported over 72 countries and territories. The transmission of ZIKA has made World Health Organization to categorize the situation under the ambit of a health emergency. This situation is serious because there appears to be a highly tangible link between infection during pregnancy and the occurrence of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. In the context of this emergency situation, this review article intends to discuss the prevention and control strategies such as avoiding travel to infected area, being careful from mosquito bites, take precautions to reduce the risk of sexual transmission, and seek medical care for any acute illness with rash or fever...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288580/important-aspects-in-relation-to-patients-attendance-at-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-facilitators-barriers-and-physiotherapist-s-role-a-qualitative-study
#11
Maria Bäck, Birgitta Öberg, Barbro Krevers
BACKGROUND: In order to improve attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR), a greater insight into patients' perspectives is necessary. The aim of the study was to explore aspects that influence patients' attendance at exercise-based CR after acute coronary artery disease (CAD) and the role of the physiotherapist in patients' attendance at exercise-based CR. METHODS: A total of 16 informants, (5 women; median age 64.5, range 47-79 years), diagnosed with CAD, were included in the study at the Cardiology Department, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden...
March 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285278/use-of-sex-selection-techniques-for-social-reasons-a-menace
#12
Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi, Sanjay Zodpey, Preeti Negandhi, Rakesh Gupta
Sex selection skewed towards males is a malady that our society is grappling with. The desire to have a child of preferred gender has encouraged people to move beyond the ambit of traditions and explore scientific methods. Despite the controversies around sex-selection for social reasons and strong regulatory mechanisms in place, the demand for such measures has not gone down. On the contrary, traditional practice of consuming indigenous medicines during pregnancy for a male child continues. Recent research highlights the harms of this practice in the form of birth defects and stillbirths...
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268786/improving-clinical-models-based-on-knowledge-extracted-from-current-datasets-a-new-approach
#13
D Mendes, S Paredes, T Rocha, P Carvalho, J Henriques, J Morais
The Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in the world, being prevention recognized to be a key intervention able to contradict this reality. In this context, although there are several models and scores currently used in clinical practice to assess the risk of a new cardiovascular event, they present some limitations. The goal of this paper is to improve the CVD risk prediction taking into account the current models as well as information extracted from real and recent datasets. This approach is based on a decision tree scheme in order to assure the clinical interpretability of the model...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264580/-ethical-aspects-of-uterus-transplantation
#14
Roman Chmel, Marta Nováčková, Zlatko Pastor, Jan Matěcha, Miloš Čekal, Jiří Froněk
Uterus transplantation is an experimental treatment method with an ambition to become accepted treatment modality for women with absolute uterine factor infertility. The only legal alternative for these women to get parenthood is adoption which is accepted by most world societies and countries. Surrogate pregnancy is connected with many medical, ethical, legal, religious and social controversies in the great part of the world.Donors (in living donation), recipients, partners and also unborn children must be incorporated into the analysis of ethical risks and benefits of uterus transplantation...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250513/an-equity-dashboard-to-monitor-vaccination-coverage
#15
Catherine Arsenault, Sam Harper, Arijit Nandi, José M Mendoza Rodríguez, Peter M Hansen, Mira Johri
Equity monitoring is a priority for Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, and for those implementing The2030 agenda for sustainable development. For its new phase of operations, Gavi reassessed its approach to monitoring equity in vaccination coverage. To help inform this effort, we made a systematic analysis of inequalities in vaccination coverage across 45 Gavi-supported countries and compared results from different measurement approaches. Based on our findings, we formulated recommendations for Gavi's equity monitoring approach...
February 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249825/ambition-predicting-and-pursuing-an-academic-neurosurgical-career
#16
James Richard Bean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247475/new-way-of-working-professionals-expectations-and-experiences-of-the-culture-and-health-project-for-clients-with-psychiatric-disabilities-a-focus-group-study
#17
Birgitta A Wästberg, Boel Sandström, Anna Birgitta Gunnarsson
There is a need for various types of interventions when meeting needs of clients with psychiatric disabilities and complementary interventions may also influence their well-being. The Culture and Health project, based on complementary interventions with 270 clients, was created in a county in Sweden for clients with psychiatric disabilities and for professionals to carry out the interventions. The aim of this study was to investigate the professionals' expectations regarding the project and their clients' possibilities for participating, and to investigate the professionals' experiences of the project after its completion...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243669/alliance-for-health-policy-and-systems-research-aims-achievements-and-ambitions
#18
Abdul Ghaffar, Nhan Tran, Etienne Langlois, Zubin Shroff, Dena Javadi
The Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research was established in 1999 and is hosted as an international partnership by the World Health Organization (WHO). The Alliance emerged from recommendations of the 1996 WHO Ad Hoc Committee on Health Research, which recognised the role of research in strengthening health policies and the overall development of health systems. Work towards the Alliance's mission - to promote the generation and use of health policy and systems research (HPSR) as a means to strengthen health systems in low- and middle-income countries - historically focused on three areas: generation of policy and systems knowledge, promotion of its use in decision making to improve the performance of health systems, and strengthening researchers' and decision makers' capacity to engage in these efforts...
February 15, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238205/co-ordinated-action-between-youth-care-and-sports-facilitators-and-barriers
#19
Niels Hermens, Lisanne de Langen, Kirsten T Verkooijen, Maria A Koelen
In the Netherlands, youth-care organisations and community sports clubs are collaborating to increase socially vulnerable youths' participation in sport. This is rooted in the idea that sports clubs are settings for youth development. As not much is known about co-ordinated action involving professional care organisations and community sports clubs, this study aims to generate insight into facilitators of and barriers to successful co-ordinated action between these two organisations. A cross-sectional study was conducted using in-depth semi-structured qualitative interview data...
February 26, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228571/who-cares-the-lost-legacy-of-archie-cochrane
#20
Clemet Askheim, Tony Sandset, Eivind Engebretsen
Over the last 20 years, the evidence-based medicine (EBM) movement has sought to develop standardised approaches to patient treatment by drawing on research results from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). The Cochrane Collaboration and its eponym, Archie Cochrane, have become symbols of this development, and Cochrane's book Effectiveness and Efficiency from 1972 is often referred to as the first sketch of what was to become EBM. In this article, we claim that this construction of EBM's historical roots is based on a selective reading of Cochrane's text...
March 2017: Medical Humanities
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