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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147931/horses-for-courses-moving-india-towards-universal-health-coverage-through-targeted-policy-design
#1
Dayashankar Maurya, Altaf Virani, S Rajasulochana
The debate on how India's health system should move towards universal health coverage was (meant to be) put to rest by the recent National Health Policy 2017. However, the new policy is silent about tackling bottlenecks mentioned in the said policy proposal. It aims to provide universal access to free primary care by strengthening the public system, and to secondary and tertiary care through strategic purchasing from the private sector, to overcome deficiencies in public provisioning in the short run. Yet, in doing so, it ignores critical factors needed to replicate successful models of public healthcare delivery from certain states that it hopes to emulate...
November 16, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119775/binge-drinking-and-academic-performance-engagement-aspirations-and-expectations-a-longitudinal-analysis-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#2
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
INTRODUCTION: The longitudinal relationship between binge drinking and academic engagement, performance, and future aspirations and expectations was examined among a cohort of secondary school students. METHODS: In separate multinomial generalized estimating equations models, linked data from Year 1 (Y1: 2012-2013), Year 2 (Y2: 2013-2014), and Year 3 (Y3: 2014-2015) of the COMPASS study (N = 27 112) were used to test the relative likelihood of responses to seven academic indices when binge drinking was initiated in varying frequencies, adjusting for gender, grade, race/ethnicity, tobacco use, and the individual mean of the predictor and all time-varying covariates...
November 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118096/the-sgc-beyond-structural-genomics-redefining-the-role-of-3d-structures-by-coupling-genomic-stratification-with-fragment-based-discovery
#3
REVIEW
Anthony R Bradley, Aude Echalier, Michael Fairhead, Claire Strain-Damerell, Paul Brennan, Alex N Bullock, Nicola A Burgess-Brown, Elisabeth P Carpenter, Opher Gileadi, Brian D Marsden, Wen Hwa Lee, Wyatt Yue, Chas Bountra, Frank von Delft
The ongoing explosion in genomics data has long since outpaced the capacity of conventional biochemical methodology to verify the large number of hypotheses that emerge from the analysis of such data. In contrast, it is still a gold-standard for early phenotypic validation towards small-molecule drug discovery to use probe molecules (or tool compounds), notwithstanding the difficulty and cost of generating them. Rational structure-based approaches to ligand discovery have long promised the efficiencies needed to close this divergence; in practice, however, this promise remains largely unfulfilled, for a host of well-rehearsed reasons and despite the huge technical advances spearheaded by the structural genomics initiatives of the noughties...
November 8, 2017: Essays in Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114347/examining-critical-factors-affecting-graduate-retention-from-an-emergency-training-program-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study-of-stakeholder-perspectives
#4
Meredith Kuipers, Amira Eapen, Joel Lockwood, Sara Berman, Samuel Vaillancourt, James Maskalyk, Aklilu Azazh, Megan Landes
Background: In Ethiopia, improvement and innovation of the emergency care system is hindered by lack of specialist doctors trained in emergency medicine, underdeveloped emergency care infrastructure, and resource limitations. Our aim was to examine the critical factors affecting retention of graduates from the Addis Ababa University (AAU) post-graduate emergency medicine (EM) training program within the Ethiopian health care system. Methods: One post-graduate trainee and one program manager from the AAU and the University of Toronto (UT) partnership conducted qualitative interviews with current AAU EM residents and stakeholders in Ethiopian EM...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112749/pgg-population-a-database-for-understanding-the-genomic-diversity-and-genetic-ancestry-of-human-populations
#5
Chao Zhang, Yang Gao, Jiaojiao Liu, Zhe Xue, Yan Lu, Lian Deng, Lei Tian, Qidi Feng, Shuhua Xu
There are a growing number of studies focusing on delineating genetic variations that are associated with complex human traits and diseases due to recent advances in next-generation sequencing technologies. However, identifying and prioritizing disease-associated causal variants relies on understanding the distribution of genetic variations within and among populations. The PGG.Population database documents 7122 genomes representing 356 global populations from 107 countries and provides essential information for researchers to understand human genomic diversity and genetic ancestry...
November 3, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098054/the-pre-med-ambition-is-it-worth-it
#6
Ishan Aditya, Zhen Jason Fan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072288/a-death-sentence-hawking-s-thesis-and-china-s-ambitions
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068307/and-the-oscar-health-goes-to-cleveland-clinic
#8
Susan Ladika
Oscar Health, a small insurer with big ambitions, has been enlisted to assist the storied Cleveland Clinic launch its own health plan. Each member of the plan will be matched with a care team made up of primary care provider, physician assistants, and other health care professionals.
September 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065909/right-drug-right-patient-right-time-aspiration-or-future-promise-for-biologics-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
REVIEW
Vasco C Romão, Edward M Vital, João Eurico Fonseca, Maya H Buch
Individualising biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) to maximise outcomes and deliver safe and cost-effective care is a key goal in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Investigation to identify predictive tools of bDMARD response is a highly active and prolific area of research. In addition to clinical phenotyping, cellular and molecular characterisation of synovial tissue and blood in patients with RA, using different technologies, can facilitate predictive testing. This narrative review will summarise the literature for the available bDMARD classes and focus on where progress has been made...
October 24, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056588/neonatal-brain-injuries-in-england-population-based-incidence-derived-from-routinely-recorded-clinical-data-held-in-the-national-neonatal-research-database
#10
Chris Gale, Yevgeniy Statnikov, Sena Jawad, Sabita N Uthaya, Neena Modi
OBJECTIVE: In 2015, the Department of Health in England announced an ambition to reduce 'brain injuries occurring during or soon after birth'. We describe the development of a pragmatic case definition and present annual incidence rates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using data held in the National Neonatal Research Database (NNRD) extracted from neonatal electronic patient records from all National Health Service (NHS) neonatal units in England, Wales and Scotland...
October 22, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052942/genealogies-of-recovery-the-framing-of-therapeutic-ambitions
#11
Brian Brown, Nick Manning
The notion of recovery has become prominent in mental healthcare discourse in the UK, but it is often considered as if it were a relatively novel notion, and as if it represented an alternative to conventional treatment and intervention. In this paper, we explore some of the origins of the notion of recovery in the early 20th century in movements such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Recovery Inc. Whilst these phenomena are not entirely continuous with recovery in the present day, some important antecedents of the contemporary notion can be detected...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051133/experiences-from-a-web-and-app-based-workplace-health-promotion-intervention-among-employees-in-the-social-and-health-care-sector-based-on-use-data-and-qualitative-interviews
#12
Nina Charlotte Balk-Møller, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Lotte Holm
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of Web- and app-based tools for health promotion are being developed at the moment. The ambition is generally to reach out to a larger part of the population and to help users improve their lifestyle and develop healthier habits, and thereby improve their health status. However, the positive effects are generally modest. To understand why the effects are modest, further investigation into the participants' experiences and the social aspects of using Web- and app-based health promotion tools is needed...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039112/james-cossar-ewart-and-the-origins-of-the-animal-breeding-research-department-in-edinburgh-1895-1920
#13
Clare Button
In 1919 the Animal Breeding Research Department was established in Edinburgh. This Department, later renamed the Institute of Animal Genetics, forged an international reputation, eventually becoming the centrepiece of a cluster of new genetics research units and institutions in Edinburgh after the Second World War. Yet despite its significance for institutionalising animal genetics research in the UK, the origins and development of the Department have not received as much scholarly attention as its importance warrants...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034997/everything-you-always-wanted-to-know-about-poly-l-lysine-dendrigrafts-but-were-afraid-to-ask
#14
Jean-Patrick Francoia, Laurent Vial
Less than a decade ago, dendrigrafts of poly-L-lysine (DGLs) joined the family of polycationic dendritic macromolecules. Resulting from the iterative polycondensation of a N-carboxyanhydride in water, four generations of the dendrigraft can be obtained on a multi-gram scale and without chromatographic purification. DGLs share features with both dendrimers and hyperbranched polymers, but turned out to have unique biophysical and bioactive properties. The macromolecules - in their native form or functionalized - have been extensively characterized by various analytical and computational methods, and already found numerous applications in the biomedical field such as drug and gene delivery, biomaterials, tissue engineering, bioimaging, and biosensing...
October 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023194/factors-that-drive-youth-specialization
#15
Ajay S Padaki, Charles A Popkin, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Specialization in young athletes has been linked to overuse injuries, burnout, and decreased satisfaction. Despite continued opposition from the medical community, epidemiological studies suggest the frequency is increasing. HYPOTHESIS: Extrinsic pressures in addition to individual aspirations drive this national trend in sports specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019720/sustainability-and-transformation-plans-translating-the-perspectives
#16
Sonali V Thakrar, Diane Bell
Each local health economy has been tasked with producing a sustainability and transformation plan. A health economy is a system that controls and contributes to health-care resource and the effects of health services on its population. This includes commissioners, acute providers, primary care providers, community services, public health and the voluntary sector. Sustainability and transformation plans represent a shift in the way health care is planned for in England. The aim of each sustainability and transformation plan is to deliver care within existing resource limits by improving quality of care, developing new models of care and improving efficiency of care provision...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993921/-nanna-svartz-1890-1986-the-first-female-professor-of-medicine-in-sweden
#17
F A Wollheim
Nanna Svartz was a charismatic character who played a significant role in Swedish medicine in the mid-twentieth century. As one of five brothers and sisters, she escaped an early death from tuberculosis. She reached 96 years of age. Her diligence and sense of duty were legendary, along with her ambition to fully prove herself as "the first female professor". She inherited a certain insecurity from her father that led to her difficulty in taking criticism. Despite extensive academic obligations, she worked as a treating doctor for 55 years and always took her time with her patients, especially if they held important public positions...
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989842/complications-associated-with-spine-surgery-in-patients-aged-80-years-or-older-japan-association-of-spine-surgeons-with-ambition-jasa-multicenter-study
#18
Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Shiro Imagama, Kei Ando, Naoki Ishiguro, Masaomi Yamashita, Yawara Eguchi, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii, Tomohiro Hikata, Shoji Seki, Hidetomi Terai, Akinobu Suzuki, Koji Tamai, Masaaki Aramomi, Tetsuhiro Ishikawa, Atsushi Kimura, Hirokazu Inoue, Gen Inoue, Masayuki Miyagi, Wataru Saito, Kei Yamada, Michio Hongo, Hirosuke Nishimura, Hidekazu Suzuki, Atsushi Nakano, Kazuyuki Watanabe, Hirotaka Chikuda, Junichi Ohya, Yasuchika Aoki, Masayuki Shimizu, Toshimasa Futatsugi, Keijiro Mukaiyama, Masaichi Hasegawa, Katsuhito Kiyasu, Haku Iizuka, Yoichi Iizuka, Ryoichi Kobayashi, Kotaro Nishida, Kenichiro Kakutani, Hideaki Nakajima, Hideki Murakami, Satoru Demura, Satoshi Kato, Katsuhito Yoshioka, Takashi Namikawa, Kei Watanabe, Kazuyoshi Nakanishi, Yukihiro Nakagawa, Mitsunori Yoshimoto, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Norihiro Nishida, Yasuaki Imajo, Masashi Yamazaki, Masataka Sakane, Tetsuya Abe, Kengo Fujii, Takashi Kaito, Takeo Furuya, Sumihisa Orita, Seiji Ohtori
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of registry data. OBJECTIVES: Aging of society and recent advances in surgical techniques and general anesthesia have increased the demand for spinal surgery in elderly patients. Many complications have been described in elderly patients, but a multicenter study of perioperative complications in spinal surgery in patients aged 80 years or older has not been reported. Therefore, the goal of the study was to analyze complications associated with spine surgery in patients aged 80 years or older with cervical, thoracic, or lumbar lesions...
October 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988096/bridging-environmental-and-financial-cost-of-dairy-production-a-case-study-of-irish-agricultural-policy
#19
Wenhao Chen, Nicholas M Holden
The Irish agricultural policy 'Food Harvest 2020' is a roadmap for sectoral expansion and Irish dairy farming is expected to intensify, which could influence the environmental and economic performance of Irish milk production. Evaluating the total environmental impacts and the real cost of Irish milk production is a key step towards understanding the possibility of sustainable production. This paper addresses two main issues: aggregation of environmental impacts of Irish milk production by monetization, to understand the real cost of Irish milk production, including the environmental costs; and the effect of the agricultural policy 'Food Harvest 2020' on total cost (combining financial cost and environmental cost) of Irish milk production...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974573/a-career-at-a-small-liberal-arts-college
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer Punt
A career as a tenure-track professor at a liberal arts college provides the opportunity to combine serious interests in teaching with research. The basic goals of the liberal arts institution are to educate the student broadly while encouraging mastery of a particular area of interest. Preparing for such a career requires not only a commitment to teaching but also a productive PhD and postdoctoral experience, regardless of the expectations for active research within the job. The application and interview processes require one to be informed, flexible, energetic, and clear-in writing and in speaking...
October 3, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
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