Read by QxMD icon Read

stuart mcgill

Stuart McGill, Jude Buckley, Douglas Elliffe, Paul M Corballis
Choosing the appropriate response given the circumstance is integral to all aspects of human behavior. One way of elucidating the mechanisms of choice is to relate behavior to neural correlates. Electrophysiological evidence implicates the ERP feedback-negativity (FN) and the P300 as promising neural correlates of reward processing, an integral component of learning. However, prior research has not adequately addressed how the development of a preference to select one option over another (choice preference) relates to the FN and the P300...
July 28, 2017: Psychophysiology
Wei Zhang, Stuart D Card, Wade J Mace, Michael J Christensen, Craig R McGill, Cory Matthew
Asexual cool-season grass endophytes of the genus Epichloë (Ascomycota: Clavicipitaceae) are strictly vertically disseminated. The hosts of these mutualistic fungi express no symptoms during the fungal lifecycle that takes place entirely within the plant, while their hosts receive beneficial outcomes. These fungi are distributed in two major locations within the mature seeds of their hosts; namely, within the embryo (including the scutellum, coleoptile, plumule, radicle, and coleorhiza tissues) and between the aleurone and pericarp layers, with the latter hyphae playing no role in transmission of the fungus to the next plant generation...
2017: Mycologia
Christian Balkovec, Jim H Veldhuis, John W Baird, G Wayne Brodland, Stuart M McGill
The motions of individual intervertebral joints can affect spine motion, injury risk, deterioration, pain, treatment strategies, and clinical outcomes. Since standard kinematic methods do not provide precise time-course details about individual vertebrae and intervertebral motions, information that could be useful for scientific advancement and clinical assessment, we developed an iterative template matching algorithm to obtain this data from videofluoroscopy images. To assess the bias of our approach, vertebrae in an intact porcine spine were tracked and compared to the motions of high-contrast markers...
May 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Benjamin Lee, Stuart McGill
"Core" exercise is a basic part of many physical training regimens with goals ranging from rehabilitation of spine and knee injuries to improving athletic performance. Core stiffness has been proposed to perform several functions including reducing pain by minimising joint micro-movements, and enhancing strength and speed performance. This study probes the links between a training approach and immediate but temporary changes in stiffness. Passive and active stiffness was measured on 24 participants; 12 having little to no experience in core training (inexperienced), and the other 12 being athletes experienced to core training methods; before and after a 15 min bout of isometric core exercises...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
David M Frost, Tyson A C Beach, Troy L Campbell, Jack P Callaghan, Stuart M McGill
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether objective measures of spine and frontal plane knee motion exhibited during Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS) task performance changed following a movement-guided fitness (MOV) and conventional fitness (FIT) exercise intervention. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled experiment. Before and after 12 weeks of exercise, participants' kinematics were quantified while performing the FMS and a series of general whole-body movement tasks...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
Benjamin Lee, Stuart McGill
Ballistic limb motion is enabled by proximal "core" stiffness. However, controversy exists regarding the best method of training this characteristic. This study sought to determine the most effective core training method to enhance distal limb athleticism. A total of 12 participants (24 ± 3 years, 1.8 ± 0.05 m, 76.8 ± 9.7 kg) consisting of Muay Thai athletes performed a core training protocol (Isometric vs. Dynamic, with Control) for 6 weeks, using a repeated measures design to assess performance (peak strike velocity, peak impact force, muscular activation) in various strikes...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Lisa M Cotie, Katharine D Currie, Greg M McGill, Austin J Cameron, Alison S McFadden, Stuart M Phillips, Maureen J MacDonald
Examination of relationships between systemic markers and functional measures of arterial structure and function may assist in determining alternative indices of vascular regulation and designing and evaluating interventions to improve arterial structure and function. Twenty young healthy individuals, 20 older healthy men, and 26 individuals with coronary artery disease (CAD), comprising a spectrum of vascular health, participated. Systemic markers of vascular structure and function included: pro-collagen type I C-peptide (PIP) - marker of collagen synthesis, C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) - marker of collagen degradation, endothelin-1 (ET-1) - vasoconstrictor, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) - inflammatory marker...
September 2016: Physiological Reports
Christian Balkovec, Andrea J Vernengo, Peter Stevenson, Stuart M McGill
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Compressive fracture can produce profound changes to the mechanical profile of a spine segment. Minimally invasive repair has the potential to restore both function and structural integrity to an injured spine. Use of both hydrogels to address changes to the disc, combined with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) to address changes to the vertebral body, has the potential to facilitate repair. PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine if the combined use of hydrogel injection and PMMA could restore the mechanical profile of an axially injured spinal motion segment...
November 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Christian Balkovec, Andrea J Vernengo, Stuart M McGill
BACKGROUND: Height loss can have a profound influence on the local mechanical environment of the disc. While disc height loss is incorporated into scales of degeneration, its direct influence on spine kinematics is unclear. Further, there is a need for minimally invasive techniques to restore disc height; injectable hydrogels are a potential solution. Tandem investigation of disc height loss and subsequent restoration will enhance understanding of spine dysfunction and aberrant movement...
July 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Jordan Cannon, David Emond, Stuart M McGill
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of a pneumatic decompression belt to restore spinal height lost following an acute bout of exercise that induced compression. METHODS: This study implemented a test-retest repeated measures design in which twelve participants (male = 10, female = 2) age, 21.5 ± 1.0 years; height, 179.0 ± 7.70 cm; weight, 84.0 ±11.5 kg; were recruited from a university population and acted as their own control. All participants were healthy with no previous history of disabling back pain, and were frequent weight trainers...
May 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Antony H Bateman, Christian Balkovec, Margarete K Akens, Andrea H W Chan, Robert D Harrison, Wendy Oakden, Albert J M Yee, Stuart M McGill
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Defects in the annulus fibrosus (AF) remain a challenge in the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniations with persistent defects, allowing potential re herniation of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue. A cervical porcine model was chosen to simulate human lumbar intervertebral disc (IVD). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the technical feasibility of closure of the AF of the IVD using a novel minimally invasive Kerrison-shaped suture application device...
July 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Adam M Kushner, Jensen L Brent, Brad J Schoenfeld, Jason Hugentobler, Rhodri S Lloyd, Al Vermeil, Donald A Chu, Jason Harbin, Stuart M McGill, Gregory D Myer
The back squat is a well-researched and widely used exercise to enhance fundamental movement competency that creates a foundation for optimal mechanical strategies during a broad range of activities. The primary commentary introduced the Back Squat Assessment (BSA): a criterion based assessment of the back squat that delineates 30 potentially observable functional deficits. This follow-up commentary provides a targeted system of training cues and exercises to supplement the BSA to guide corrective intervention...
April 2015: Strength and Conditioning Journal
Rocío Moreno, Gabriele Stowasser, Rona A R McGill, Stuart Bearhop, Richard A Phillips
Understanding interspecific interactions, and the influences of anthropogenic disturbance and environmental change on communities, are key challenges in ecology. Despite the pressing need to understand these fundamental drivers of community structure and dynamics, only 17% of ecological studies conducted over the past three decades have been at the community level. Here, we assess the trophic structure of the procellariiform community breeding at South Georgia, to identify the factors that determine foraging niches and possible temporal changes...
January 2016: Journal of Animal Ecology
Christian Balkovec, Michael A Adams, Patricia Dolan, Stuart M McGill
Study Design Biomechanical study on cadaveric spines. Objective Spinal bending causes the annulus to pull vertically (axially) on the end plate, but failure mechanisms in response to this type of loading are poorly understood. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify the weak point of the intervertebral disk in tension. Methods Cadaveric motion segments (aged 79 to 88 years) were dissected to create midsagittal blocks of tissue, with ∼10 mm of bone superior and inferior to the disk. From these blocks, 14 bone-disk-bone slices (average 4...
October 2015: Global Spine Journal
David M Frost, Tyson A C Beach, Troy L Campbell, Jack P Callaghan, Stuart M McGill
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the composite Functional Movement Screen (FMS) score and performers' spine and frontal plane knee motion. DESIGN: Examined the spine and frontal plane knee motion exhibited by performers who received high (>14) and low (<14) composite FMS scores. Participants' body motions were quantified while they performed the FMS. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve men who received composite FMS scores greater than 14 were assigned to a high-scoring group...
November 2015: Physical Therapy in Sport
Benjamin C Y Lee, Stuart M McGill
Although core stiffness enhances athletic performance traits, controversy exists regarding the effectiveness of isometric vs. dynamic core training methods. This study aimed to determine whether long-term changes in stiffness can be trained, and if so, what is the most effective method. Twenty-four healthy male subjects (23 ± 3 years; 1.8 ± 0.06 m; 77.5 ± 10.8 kg) were recruited for passive and active stiffness measurements before and after a 6-week core training intervention. Twelve subjects (22 ± 2 years; 1...
June 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Stuart McGill, David Frost, Thomas Lam, Tim Finlay, Kevin Darby, Jordan Cannon
Elite police work has bursts of intense physically demanding work requiring high levels of fitness, or capacity, and movement competency; which are assumed to increase one's injury resilience. The purpose of this study was to follow members of an elite police force (N = 53) to test whether back injuries (N = 14) could be predicted from measures of fitness and movement quality. Measures of torso endurance, relative and absolute strength, hip ROM and movement quality using the Functional Movement Screen(TM) and other dynamic movement tests were obtained from every officer at baseline...
2015: Ergonomics
Stuart G Jantzen, Jodie Jenkinson, Gaël McGill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Nature Methods
Benjamin Lee, Stuart McGill
While core stiffness enhances athletic performance traits controversy exists regarding the effectiveness of isometric vs dynamic core training methods. This study aimed to determine if long term changes in stiffness can be trained, and if so, what is the most effective method. Twenty four healthy male subjects (23 ± 3 years, 1.8 ± 0.06 m, 77.5 ± 10.8 kg) were recruited for passive and active stiffness measurements before and after a six week core training intervention. Twelve subjects (22 ± 2 years, 1.8 ± 0...
March 23, 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
David M Frost, Tyson A C Beach, Stuart M McGill, Jack P Callaghan
The primary objective was to examine the utility of a novel method of detecting "actual" kinematic changes using the within-subject variation. Twenty firefighters were assigned to one of two groups (lifting or firefighting). Participants performed 25 repetitions of two lifting or firefighting tasks, in three sessions. The magnitude and within-subject variation of several discrete kinematic measures were computed. Sequential averages of each variable were used to derive a cubic, quadratic and linear regression equation...
June 2015: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"