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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822114/glycosylation-of-dentin-matrix-protein-1-is-a-novel-key-element-for-astrocyte-maturation-and-bbb-integrity
#1
Bo Jing, Chunxue Zhang, Xianjun Liu, Liqiang Zhou, Jiping Liu, Yinan Yao, Juehua Yu, Yuteng Weng, Min Pan, Jie Liu, Zuolin Wang, Yao Sun, Yi Eve Sun
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a tight boundary formed between endothelial cells and astrocytes, which separates and protects brain from most pathogens as well as neural toxins in circulation. However, detailed molecular players involved in formation of BBB are not completely known. Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1)-proteoglycan (PG), which is known to be involved in mineralization of bones and dentin, is also expressed in soft tissues including brain with unknown functions. In the present study, we reported that DMP1-PG was expressed in brain astrocytes and enriched in BBB units...
August 18, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821395/extracellular-matrix-type-modulates-cell-migration-on-mechanical-gradients
#2
Christopher D Hartman, Brett C Isenberg, Samantha G Chua, Joyce Y Wong
Extracellular matrix composition and stiffness are known to be critical determinants of cell behavior, modulating processes including differentiation, traction generation, and migration. Recent studies have demonstrated that the ECM composition can modulate how cells migrate in response to gradients in environmental stiffness, altering a cell's ability to undergo durotaxis. These observations were limited to single varieties of extracellular matrix, and typically cells are exposed to environments containing complex mixtures of extracellular matrix proteins...
August 15, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816035/surface-modification-with-ecm-inspired-sdf-1%C3%AE-laminin-loaded-nanocoating-for-vascular-wound-healing
#3
Tao Liu, Xin Wang, Xiaohan Tang, Tao Gong, Wei Ye, Changjiang Pan, Hongyan Ding, Xun Luo, Xia Li, Qing Mei Wang
Surface biomimetic modification with extra-cellular matrix (ECM)-derived biomolecules is an emerging potential method of accelerating the healing of vascular stent lesions. However, insufficient capacity of the constructed biofunctional layer in maintaining its long-term efficiency and preventing thrombus and neointimal hyperplasia continue to be major limitations in clinical application. Based on the structure and function of ECM, in this study, we constructed a novel stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α)/laminin-loaded nanocoating on the 316L stainless steel (SS) surface to provide improved function in modulation of vascular remodeling...
August 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815632/uniform-sized-neurosphere-mediated-motoneuron-differentiation-in-microwell-arrays
#4
Jong Min Lee, Joo Yoon Moon, Mohammed R Shaker, Woong Sun, Bong Geun Chung
We developed the photo-crosslinkable hydrogel microwell arrays for uniform-sized neurosphere-mediated motoneuron differentiation. Neural stem cells (NSCs) were obtained from embryonic cerebral cortex and spinal cord. To generate uniform-sized neurospheres in a homogeneous manner, the dissociated cells were cultured in the hydrogel microwell arrays for 3 days. Uniform-sized neurospheres harvested from microwell arrays were replated into laminin-coated a two-dimensional (2D) substrate. In parallel, uniform-sized neurospheres cultured in microwell arrays were encapsulated by photocrosslinkable gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogels in a three-dimensional (3D) manner...
August 16, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815010/development-and-characterisation-of-a-low-concentration-sodium-dodecyl-sulphate-decellularised-porcine-dermis
#5
Jack A Helliwell, Daniel S Thomas, Vaia Papathanasiou, Shervanthi Homer-Vanniasinkam, Amisha Desai, Louise M Jennings, Paul Rooney, John N Kearney, Eileen Ingham
The aim of this study was to adapt a proprietary decellularisation process for human dermis for use with porcine skin. Porcine skin was subject to: sodium chloride (1 M) to detach the epidermis, trypsin paste to remove hair follicles, peracetic acid (0.1% v/v) disinfection, washed in hypotonic buffer and 0.1% (w/v) sodium dodecyl sulphate in the presence of proteinase inhibitors followed by nuclease treatment. Cellular porcine skin, decellularised porcine and human dermis were compared using histology, immunohistochemistry, GSL-1 lectin (alpha-gal epitope) staining, biochemical assays, uniaxial tensile and in vitro cytotoxicity tests...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814715/mast-cells-decrease-efficacy-of-anti-angiogenic-therapy-by-secreting-matrix-degrading-granzyme-b
#6
M Wroblewski, R Bauer, M Cubas Córdova, F Udonta, I Ben-Batalla, K Legler, C Hauser, J Egberts, M Janning, J Velthaus, C Schulze, K Pantel, C Bokemeyer, S Loges
Resistance towards VEGF-centered anti-angiogenic therapy still represents a substantial clinical challenge. We report here that mast cells alter the proliferative and organizational state of endothelial cells which reduces the efficacy of anti-angiogenic therapy. Consequently, absence of mast cells sensitizes tumor vessels for anti-angiogenic therapy in different tumor models. Mechanistically, anti-angiogenic therapy only initially reduces tumor vessel proliferation, however, this treatment effect was abrogated over time as a result of mast cell-mediated restimulation of angiogenesis...
August 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813139/tunable-injectable-hydrogels-based-on-peptide-crosslinked-cyclized-polymer-nanoparticles-for-neural-progenitor-cell-delivery
#7
Tianyu Zhao, Drew L Sellers, Yilong Cheng, Philip J Horner, Suzie H Pun
A PEG-based cyclized vinyl polymer was synthesized via one-step RAFT polymerization and used as a precursor of injectable hydrogels. Dithiol linkers including laminin-derived peptides containing IKVAV and YIGSR sequences and DTT were used for gelation. Fast and adjustable gelation rate was achieved through nucleophile-initiated thiol-Michael reaction under physiological conditions. Low swelling ratio and moderate degradation rate of the formed hydrogels were observed. 3D encapsulation of neural progenitor cells in the synthetic hydrogel showed good cell viability over 8 days...
August 16, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811292/dapagliflozin-slows-the-progression-of-the-renal-and-liver-fibrosis-associated-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Li Tang, Yuanyuan Wu, Mi Tian, C David Sjostrom, Ulrika Johansson, Xiao-Rong Peng, David M Smith, Yufeng Huang
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new class of antidiabetic oral agents indicating promising effects on cardiovascular and renal end points. However, the renoprotective effects of SGLT2 inhibitors are not fully understood. Also, metabolic effects of SGLT2 inhibition on other organ systems such as effects on hepatic steatosis are not fully understood. This study sought to address these questions by treating 18week-old uninephrectomized db/db mice with a selective SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810292/-clinicopathologic-features-of-mammary-microglandular-adenosis-with-carcinoma-a-study-of-5-cases
#9
W Chen, C Wang, Z H Zhang, W M Zhang, Y Xu, G X Song
Objective: To study the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical features, differential diagnoses and prognosis of mammary microglandular adenosis with carcinoma (MGACA) with micropapillary pattern. Methods: Five cases of MGACA were collected from 2010 to 2016 and reviewed for their clinical, histologic features and outcome.EnVision method were done for S-100 protein, cytokeratin (CK), p63, Calponin, smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SMMHC), PR, ER and HER2. Results: Histologically, microglandular adenosis(MGA), atypical MGA (AMGA) and invasive carcinoma were seen in all five cases of MGACA...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805042/fabrication-and-characterization-of-electrospun-laminin-functionalized-silk-fibroin-poly-ethylene-oxide-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-peripheral-nerve-regeneration
#10
Mina Rajabi, Masoumeh Firouzi, Zahra Hassannejad, Ismaeil Haririan, Payam Zahedi
The peripheral nerve regeneration is still one of the major clinical problems, which has received a great deal of attention. In this study, the electrospun silk fibroin (SF)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) nanofibrous scaffolds were fabricated and functionalized their surfaces with laminin (LN) without chemical linkers for potential use in the peripheral nerve tissue engineering. The morphology, surface chemistry, thermal behavior and wettability of the scaffolds were examined to evaluate their performance by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and water contact angle (WCA) measurements, respectively...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802633/1-acetyl-5-phenyl-1h-pyrrol-3-ylacetate-an-aldose-reductase-inhibitor-for-the-treatment-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#11
Zhi-Ming Xiu, Li-Ping Wang, Jun Fu, Jia Xu, Li Liu
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common and serious complication in diabetes mellitus, but the efficacy of available strategies for preventing this disorder remains poor. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible beneficial effects of 1-acetyl-5-phenyl-1H-pyrrol-3-ylacetate (APPA), an aldose reductase inhibitor, on DN. In the present study, a model of rat glomerular mesangial cells (HBZY-1) damaged by high glucose was used to confirm the protective effects of APPA in vitro. Then, a rat model of streptozotocin-induced diabetes was used to assess the effects of APPA in vivo...
August 2, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802201/biomimetic-surfaces-supporting-dissociated-pancreatic-islet-cultures
#12
Parker L Andersen, Patrick Vermette
This study describes a method to screen biomimetic surfaces based on intracellular insulin content of either fully or partly dissociated primary endocrine islet tissue. It is challenging to maintain endocrine pancreatic islets and more so, dissociated ones. Physiological activity of isolated islet cells in vitro declines due to loss of cell-to-cell and cell-to-extracellular matrix interactions. An in vitro model was developed to evaluate specific extracellular binding components potentially affecting islet biology, with the intention to identify in vivo-like peptides promoting survival and function...
July 25, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801511/paraneoplastic-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid-with-ocular-and-laryngeal-involvement
#13
Silvia Lambiel, Pavel Dulguerov, Emmanuel Laffitte, Igor Leuchter
A 73-year-old woman was treated 8 years previously for synchronous breast and uterine neoplasms. She presented with a severe sore throat, odynophagia, dysphonia, dyspnoea, ocular irritation and weight loss over the last 3 months. Physical examination revealed ulcerations in the oral cavity, posterior pharyngeal wall and supraglottic larynx, nasal crusting, bilateral conjunctivitis and three cutaneous blisters. A diagnosis of anti-laminin 5 mucous membrane pemphigoid was retained, based on skin biopsy, direct immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801205/recombinant-laminin-fragments-endowed-with-collagen-binding-activity-a-tool-for-conferring-laminin-like-cell-adhesive-activity-to-collagen-matrices
#14
Ryoko Sato-Nishiuchi, Shaoliang Li, Fumi Ebisu, Kiyotoshi Sekiguchi
Laminins are major components of basement membranes that sustain a wide variety of stem cells. Among 15 laminin isoforms, laminin-511 and its E8 fragment (LM511E8) have been shown to strongly promote the adhesion and proliferation of human pluripotent stem cells. The aim of this study was to endow the cell-adhesive activity of laminin-511 on collagen matrices, thereby fabricating collagen-based culture scaffolds for stem cells with defined composition. To achieve this goal, we utilized the collagen-binding domain (CBD) of fibronectin to immobilize LM511E8 on collagen matrices...
August 8, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798804/sinomenine-hydrochloride-attenuates-renal-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-excessive-autophagy-induced-by-adriamycin-an-experimental-study
#15
Ming-Ming Zhao, Bin Yang, Qiu Zhang, Jin-Hu Wang, Jin-Ning Zhao, Yu Zhang
The objective of this study is to investigate if sinomenine hydrochloride (SIN-HCl) could be effective against adriamycin-induced renal fibrosis by regulating autophagy in a rat model. Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, telmisartan group, and SIN-HCl group; rat model was induced by adriamycin; all rats were given intragastric administration for 6 weeks. Urine was collected from rats in metabolic cages to determine 24 h protein level. This was done after intragastric administration for the first two weeks and then once for every two weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798484/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-inhibits-h2o2-induced-apoptosis-in-mouse-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-via-67kd-laminin-receptor
#16
Xue Yan, Yanfei Li, Han Yu, Wei Wang, Chunyan Wu, Yang Yang, Yongjia Hu, Xiujuan Shi, Jue Li
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is one of the major polyphenolic compounds present in green tea extracts and has been used as a potential drug for the treatment of numerous diseases. The present study aimed to elucidate the role and mechanism of EGCG in protecting against H2O2-induced apoptosis in mouse vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). VSMCs were pretreated with various concentrations of EGCG for 2 hours prior to treatment with H2O2. Treatment with H2O2 significantly decreased the cell viability and induced apoptosis of VSMCs, which were attenuated by pretreatment with EGCG...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792616/proteomic-profiling-of-liver-and-plasma-in-chronic-ethanol-feeding-model-of-hepatic-alcohol-dehydrogenase-deficient-deer-mice
#17
Kamlesh K Bhopale, Samir M Amer, Lata Kaphalia, Kizhake V Soman, John E Wiktorowicz, G A Shakeel Ansari, Bhupendra S Kaphalia
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcohol abuse, a major risk factor for such diseases as hepatitis and cirrhosis, impairs hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH, key ethanol metabolizing enzyme). Therefore, differentially altered hepatic and plasma proteomes were identified in chronic ethanol feeding model of hepatic ADH-deficient (ADH(-) ) deer mice to understand the metabolic basis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). METHODS: ADH(-) deer mice were fed 3.5g% ethanol via Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet daily for three months, and histology of the liver assessed...
August 9, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791838/collagenous-scaffolds-supplemented-with-hyaluronic-acid-and-chondroitin-sulfate-used-for-wound-fibroblast-and-embryonic-nerve-cell-culture
#18
Jacek Drobnik, Krystyna Pietrucha, Lucyna Piera, Jacek Szymański, Alicja Szczepanowska
BACKGROUND: Tissue engineering is a strategy aimed at improving the regeneration of injured tissues. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine whether a tri-copolymer composed of crosslinked collagen, chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid (Col + CS + HA) provides a better environment for fibroblast and embryonic nerve cell culture than a collagenous scaffold (Col). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The porosity of each of the matrices was characterized with a scanning electron microscope...
March 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783171/the-pdgfr%C3%AE-laminin-b1-keratin-19-cascade-drives-tumor-progression-at-the-invasive-front-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
O Govaere, M Petz, J Wouters, Y-P Vandewynckel, E J Scott, B Topal, F Nevens, C Verslype, Q M Anstee, H Van Vlierberghe, W Mikulits, T Roskams
Human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) expressing the biliary/hepatic progenitor cell marker keratin 19 (K19) have been linked with a poor prognosis and exhibit an increase in platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) and laminin beta 1 (LAMB1) expression. PDGFRα has been reported to induce de novo synthesis of LAMB1 protein in a Sjogren syndrome antigen B (La/SSB)-dependent manner in a murine metastasis model. However, the role of this cascade in human HCC remains unclear. This study focused on the functional role of the PDGFRα-La/SSB-LAMB1 pathway and its molecular link to K19 expression in human HCC...
August 7, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781947/structural-flexibility-of-human-%C3%AE-dystroglycan
#20
Sonia Covaceuszach, Manuela Bozzi, Maria Giulia Bigotti, Francesca Sciandra, Petr Valeryevich Konarev, Andrea Brancaccio, Alberto Cassetta
Dystroglycan (DG), composed of α and β subunits, belongs to the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex. α-DG is an extracellular matrix protein that undergoes a complex post-translational glycosylation process. The bifunctional glycosyltransferase like-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (LARGE) plays a crucial role in the maturation of α-DG, enabling its binding to laminin. We have already structurally analyzed the N-terminal region of murine α-DG (α-DG-Nt) and of a pathological single point mutant that may affect recognition of LARGE, although the structural features of the potential interaction between LARGE and DG remain elusive...
August 2017: FEBS Open Bio
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