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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340467/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-pediatric-patients-admitted-to-public-hospitals-in-southern-brazil
#1
Isis Almeida de Almeida, Sabrina Jeske, Marília Arndt Mesemburg, Maria Elisabeth Aires Berne, Marcos Marreiro Villela
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and to identify risk factors associated therewith in hospitalized children. METHODS: Three fecal samples from each patient were evaluated using three different techniques. The patients' nutritional and socioeconomic status and hematologic profiles were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 106 children, 32.1% tested positive for intestinal parasitosis. The associated risk factors were low parental education levels and children's nail-biting habit...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329523/early-commitment-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-modulation-in-brazilian-patients-with-congenital-generalized-lipodystrophy
#2
Clarisse Mourão Melo Ponte, Virgínia Oliveira Fernandes, Maria Helane Costa Gurgel, Izabella Tamira Galdino Farias Vasconcelos, Lia Beatriz de Azevedo Souza Karbage, Christiane Bezerra Rocha Liberato, Carlos Antônio Negrato, Marília de Brito Gomes, Ana Paula Dias Rangel Montenegro, Renan Magalhães Montenegro Júnior
BACKGROUND: Metabolic abnormalities in congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) are associated with microvascular complications. However, the evaluation of different types of neuropathy in these patients, including the commitment of cardiovascular autonomic modulation, is scarce. The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in patients with CGL compared with individuals with type 1 diabetes and healthy subjects. METHODS: Ten patients with CGL, 20 patients with type 1 diabetes and 20 healthy subjects were included in the study...
January 12, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324804/genome-wide-identification-characterization-and-expression-profile-analysis-of-expansins-gene-family-in-sugarcane-saccharum-spp
#3
Thaís R Santiago, Valquiria M Pereira, Wagner R de Souza, Andrei S Steindorff, Bárbara A D B Cunha, Marília Gaspar, Léia C L Fávaro, Eduardo F Formighieri, Adilson K Kobayashi, Hugo B C Molinari
Expansins refer to a family of closely related non-enzymatic proteins found in the plant cell wall that are involved in the cell wall loosening. In addition, expansins appear to be involved in different physiological and environmental responses in plants such as leaf and stem initiation and growth, stomata opening and closing, reproduction, ripening and stress tolerance. Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is one of the main crops grown worldwide. Lignocellulosic biomass from sugarcane is one of the most promising raw materials for the ethanol industry...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323195/gastropod-shell-size-and-architecture-influence-the-applicability-of-methods-used-to-estimate-internal-volume
#4
Marilia Nagata Ragagnin, Daniel Gorman, Ian Donald McCarthy, Bruno Sampaio Sant'Anna, Cláudio Campi de Castro, Alexander Turra
Obtaining accurate and reproducible estimates of internal shell volume is a vital requirement for studies into the ecology of a range of shell-occupying organisms, including hermit crabs. Shell internal volume is usually estimated by filling the shell cavity with water or sand, however, there has been no systematic assessment of the reliability of these methods and moreover no comparison with modern alternatives, e.g., computed tomography (CT). This study undertakes the first assessment of the measurement reproducibility of three contrasting approaches across a spectrum of shell architectures and sizes...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319763/current-distribution-pattern-of-biopsy-proven-glomerular-disease-in-salvador-brazil-40-years-after-an-initial-assessment
#5
Washington Luis Conrado Dos-Santos, Glória Maria Maranhão Sweet, Labene Gondim Azevêdo, Maria Brandão Tavares, Maria Fernanda Sanches Soares, Caroline Vilas Boas de Melo, Márcia Fernanda Melo Carneiro, Rilma Ferreira de Souza Santos, Márcia Cristina Conrado, Daniela Teixeira Leal Braga, Marcia Carvalho Bessa, Nathanael de Freitas Pinheiro Junior, Marília Bahiense-Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: A report on the prevalence of glomerular disease diagnosed via renal biopsy in Salvador, BA, Brazil was published in 1973 and showed a predominance of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, which was frequently associated with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate the potential changes in the distribution of glomerular diseases after a period of important epidemiological transition in Brazil. METHODS: Pathology reports of all patients subjected to kidney biopsy from 2003 to 2015 in a referral nephrology service were reviewed...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319623/b-cells-in-transplantation-of-rat-mouse-and-man
#6
Jeffrey L Platt, Marilia Cascalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318744/immunoisolating-poly-ethylene-glycol-based-capsules-support-ovarian-tissue-survival-to-restore-endocrine-function
#7
James R Day, Anu David, Alexa L Cichon, Tanay Kulkarni, Marilia Cascalho, Ariella Shikanov
A common irreversible adverse effect of life-saving anticancer treatments is loss of gonadal endocrine function and fertility, calling for a need to focus on post-treatment quality of life. Here, we investigated the use of poly(ethylene glycol)-vinyl sulfone based capsules to support syngeneic donor ovarian tissue for restoration of endocrine function in mice. We designed a dual immunoisolating capsule (PEG-Dual) by tuning the physical properties of the PEG hydrogels and combining proteolytically degradable (PEG-PD) and non-degradable (PEG-NPD) layers to meet the numerous requirements for encapsulation and immunoisolation of ovarian tissue, such as nutrient diffusion and tissue expansion...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315591/suppression-of-a-single-bahd-gene-in-setaria-viridis-causes-large-stable-decreases-in-cell-wall-feruloylation-and-increases-biomass-digestibility
#8
Wagner R de Souza, Polyana K Martins, Jackie Freeman, Till K Pellny, Louise V Michaelson, Bruno L Sampaio, Felipe Vinecky, Ana P Ribeiro, Barbara A D B da Cunha, Adilson K Kobayashi, Patricia A de Oliveira, Raquel B Campanha, Thályta F Pacheco, Danielly C I Martarello, Rogério Marchiosi, Osvaldo Ferrarese-Filho, Wanderley D Dos Santos, Robson Tramontina, Fabio M Squina, Danilo C Centeno, Marília Gaspar, Marcia R Braga, Marco A S Tiné, John Ralph, Rowan A C Mitchell, Hugo B C Molinari
Feruloylation of arabinoxylan (AX) in grass cell walls is a key determinant of recalcitrance to enzyme attack, making it a target for improvement of grass crops, and of interest in grass evolution. Definitive evidence on the genes responsible is lacking so we studied a candidate gene that we identified within the BAHD acyl-CoA transferase family. We used RNA interference (RNAi) silencing of orthologs in the model grasses Setaria viridis (SvBAHD01) and Brachypodium distachyon (BdBAHD01) and determined effects on AX feruloylation...
January 8, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315224/the-zika-virus-epidemic-in-brazil-from-discovery-to-future-implications
#9
REVIEW
Rachel Lowe, Christovam Barcellos, Patrícia Brasil, Oswaldo G Cruz, Nildimar Alves Honório, Hannah Kuper, Marilia Sá Carvalho
The first confirmed case of Zika virus infection in the Americas was reported in Northeast Brazil in May 2015, although phylogenetic studies indicate virus introduction as early as 2013. Zika rapidly spread across Brazil and to more than 50 other countries and territories on the American continent. The Aedesaegypti mosquito is thought to be the principal vector responsible for the widespread transmission of the virus. However, sexual transmission has also been reported. The explosively emerging epidemic has had diverse impacts on population health, coinciding with cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and an unexpected epidemic of newborns with microcephaly and other neurological impairments...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307054/lethal-and-sublethal-effects-of-the-herbicide-atrazine-in-the-early-stages-of-development-of-physalaemus-gracilis-anura-leptodactylidae
#10
Camila F Rutkoski, Natani Macagnan, Cassiane Kolcenti, Guilherme V Vanzetto, Paola F Sturza, Paulo A Hartmann, Marilia T Hartmann
Water sources used as reproductive sites by crying frog, Physalaemus gracilis, are extensively associated with agroecosystems in which the herbicide atrazine is employed. To evaluate the lethal and sublethal effects of atrazine commercial formulation, acute and chronic toxicity tests were performed in the embryonic phase and the beginning of the larval phase of P. gracilis. Tests were started on stage 19 of Gosner (Herpetologica 16:183-190, 1960) and performed in 24-well cell culture plates. Acute tests had a duration of 96 h with embryo mortality monitoring every 24 h...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303884/the-first-episode-of-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-is-a-threat-event-in-children-with-end-stage-liver-disease
#11
Sandra M G Vieira, Fernando P Schwengber, Melina Melere, Marília R Ceza, Melina Souza, Carlos O Kieling
OBJECTIVE: Studies on native liver survival (NLS) after the first episode of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) are rare. Our objective was to evaluate NLS in children up to 1 year after SBP. METHODS: A historical cohort study of 18 children followed after the first episode of SBP was conducted. NLS, in-hospital mortality, causes of death, and rate of multidrug-resistant organisms were reported. RESULTS: Biliary atresia was the most prevalent diagnosis (72...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297563/clinical-and-individual-variables-in-children-s-dental-fear-a-school-based-investigation
#12
Ethieli Rodrigues da Silveira, Marília Leão Goettems, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marina Sousa Azevedo
This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of dental fear and associated factors in schoolchildren aged 8 to 12 years old, in Pelotas, southern Brazil. Schoolchildren enrolled in 20 public and private schools were selected using a multi-stage sample design. Sociodemographic characteristics, children's dental visit and oral hygiene habits were assessed by questionnaires. The Dental Anxiety Question was used to measure dental fear prevalence. Children's clinical examination evaluated presence of dental caries (DMFT/dmft index) and gingival bleeding...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297562/are-maternal-factors-predictors-for-early-childhood-caries-results-from-a-cohort-in-southern-brazil
#13
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Marcos Britto Correa, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
This study aimed to determine the influence of maternal factors on the early development of dental caries in Brazilian preschoolers. This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers. The current wave was performed when the children were aged 24 to 42 months. The questionnaire-based survey targeted adolescent mothers and included demographic and socioeconomic variables as well as the maternal education level. In addition, clinical examinations were performed on the mothers and their children...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295570/antibacterial-antiproliferative-and-immunomodulatory-activity-of-silver-nanoparticles-synthesized-with-fucans-from-the-alga-dictyota-mertensii
#14
Marília Medeiros Fernandes-Negreiros, Raynara Iusk Araújo Machado, Fabiana Lima Bezerra, Maria Celeste Nunes Melo, Monique Gabriela Chagas Faustino Alves, Luciana Guimaraes Alves Filgueira, Marcelo Antonio Morgano, Edvaldo Silva Trindade, Leandro Silva Costa, Hugo Alexandre Oliveira Rocha
In this study, we aimed to synthesize silver nanoparticles containing fucans from Dictyota mertensii (Martius) Kützing using an environmentally friendly method and to characterize their structure as well as antiproliferative, immunomodulatory, and antibacterial effects. Fucan-coated silver nanoparticles (FN) were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared analysis, dynamic light scattering, zeta potential, atomic force microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry...
December 25, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287165/comparison-of-the-percentage-of-the-c3-c7-vertebral-canal-occupied-by-the-spinal-cord-in-small-breed-dogs-with-that-in-doberman-pinschers-and-great-danes-with-and-without-cervical-spondylomyelopathy
#15
Marília de A Bonelli, Ronaldo C da Costa
OBJECTIVE To compare the percentage of the C3-C7 vertebral canal occupied by the spinal cord in small-breed dogs with that in Doberman Pinschers and Great Danes with and without cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM). ANIMALS 30 small-breed dogs (body weight, < 15 kg), 15 clinically normal Doberman Pinschers, 15 Doberman Pinschers with CSM, 15 clinically normal Great Danes, and 15 Great Danes with CSM. PROCEDURES In a retrospective study, sagittal and transverse T2-weighted MRI images of the cervical (C3 to C7) vertebral column obtained from dogs that met study criteria and were free of extensive abnormalities that could affect the spinal cord diameter between January 2005 and February 2015 were reviewed...
January 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282116/sickness-absence-among-municipal-workers-in-a-brazilian-municipality-a-secondary-data-analysis
#16
Ana Lucia M Leao, Anadergh Barbosa-Branco, Marília D Turchi, Ivan A Steenstra, Donald C Cole
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence, work disability associated with illness or injury, is a major public health problem worldwide. Some studies have investigated determinants of sickness absence among workers with shorter job tenure, but have only focused on certain diagnostic groups. Although it is well established that job tenure has an inverse relationship with work injury rate, less is known about its association with sickness absence for other disorders. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the risk factors for incidence and duration of sickness absence according to diagnosis over a 7-year period...
December 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281941/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-of-behavioral-strategies-for-adherence-to-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-study-protocol
#17
Danilo D Trevisan, Thaís M São-João, Marilia E Cornélio, Fernanda F Jannuzzi, Roberta C M Rodrigues, Maria Helena M Lima
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to oral antidiabetics drugs (OADs) has been a common problem and may contribute to poor glycemic control. AIM: To describe an experimental study protocol according to the SPIRIT 2013 guidelines that aims at implementing and evaluating the effect of the "action planning and coping planning" interventions on medication adherence to OADs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in follow-up at primary care services. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial...
December 27, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281340/profiling-the-use-of-dietary-supplements-by-brazilian-physical-education-professionals
#18
Ricardo Borges Viana, Maria Sebastiana Silva, Wellington Fernando da Silva, Mário Hebling Campos, Marília Dos Santos Andrade, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
A survey was designed to examine the use of dietary supplements by Brazilian physical education professionals. The study included 131 Brazilian physical education professionals (83 men and 48 women). A descriptive statistical analysis was performed (mean, standard deviation, and absolute and relative frequencies). A chi-square test was applied to evaluate differences in use of dietary supplements according to particular variables of interest (p < .05). Forty-nine percent of respondents used dietary supplements...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277729/fractional-ablative-carbon-dioxide-laser-treatment-improves-histological-and-clinical-aspects-of-striae-gravidarum-a-prospective-open-label-paired-study
#19
Elisete Isabel Crocco, Guilherme Muzy, Natalia Mendes Schowe, Marilia Silva Albuquerque, Mirna Duarte Barros, Hudson Sousa Buck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274950/knowledge-about-epilepsy-in-university-health-students-a-multicenter-study
#20
Priscila Souza, Leslie A Portes, Robert K Thomas, Jorge R Bonito, Marilia Rua, Fabio J Pacheco, Phillip Plaatjes, Natalia C Oliveira
Even with economic development and improvements in health care around the world, it is estimated that nowadays, 50 million people have epilepsy. It is one of the most prevalent neurological diseases, yet it is still surrounded by prejudice, stigma, lack of awareness, and wrong attitudes of the population towards the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the knowledge about epilepsy in health students from different countries: Brazil, Argentina, Portugal, United States, and South Africa...
December 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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