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Jair C Ferreira, Marilia S Gomes, Erika C R Bonsaglia, Igor F Canisso, Edgar F Garrett, Jamie L Stewart, Ziyao Zhou, Fabio S Lima
Several multiple-media culture systems have become commercially available for on-farm identification of mastitis-associated pathogens. However, the accuracy of these systems has not been thoroughly and independently validated against microbiological evaluations performed by referral laboratories. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the performance of commercially available culture plates (Accumast, Minnesota Easy System, SSGN and SSGNC Quad plates) to identify pathogens associated with clinical mastitis in dairy cows...
2018: PloS One
Monica Samuel Avila, Silvia Moreira Ayub-Ferreira, Mauro Rogerio de Barros Wanderley Junior, Fatima das Dores Cruz, Sara Michelly Gonçalves Brandão, Vagner Oliveira Carvalho Rigaud, Marilia Higushi-Dos-Santos, Ludhmila Abrahão Hajjar, Roberto Kalil Filho, Paulo Marcelo Hoff, Marina Sahade, Marcela S M Ferrari, Romulo Leopoldo de Paula Costa, Max Senna Mano, Cecilia Beatriz Bittencourt Viana Cruz, Maria Cristina Abduch, Marco Stephan Lofrano Alves, Guilherme Veiga Guimaraes, Victor Sarli Issa, Marcio Sommer Bittencourt, Edimar Alcides Bocchi
BACKGROUND: Anthracycline (ANT) chemotherapy is associated with cardiotoxicity. Prevention with β-blockers remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the role of carvedilol in preventing ANT cardiotoxicity. METHODS: We randomized 200 patients with HER2-negative breast cancer tumor status and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) referred for ANT (240 mg/m2 ) to receive carvedilol or placebo until chemotherapy completion...
March 3, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Marília Leão Goettems, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Veridiana Fischer Bergmann, Mariana Gonzalez Cadermatori, Marcos Britto Correa, Flávio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Oral health perception has multidimensional nature and can be influenced not only by clinical conditions but also by psychosocial characteristics. HYPOTHESIS: Dental fear could modify the association between dental caries and dental pain and the perception of negative impact. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with (n = 1,196) children aged 8-12 years attending public and private schools in Pelotas/Brazil. Children were interviewed and examined...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Thaiana B Duarte, Marília A P Bonacin, Luiz G O Brito, Helena Frawley, Peter L Dwyer, Elizabeth Thomas, Cristine H J Ferreira
AIMS: to assess pelvic floor muscle maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) before and after surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This was a prospective observational study with women scheduled for surgical correction of POP. Assessments occurred 15 days before and 40 days after surgery. The primary outcome was pelvic floor muscle (PFM) MVC measured using the manometer Peritron™. The average strength of PFM contraction was also measured. Secondary outcomes were assessed using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) score...
March 11, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Marília Gonçalves Cattelan, Yara Paula de Oliveira Nishiyama, Tânia Maria Vinturim Gonçalves, Alexandre Rodrigo Coelho
There is a broad research interest in the search for alternatives to chemical additives for use as natural food preservatives. Although many natural compounds have biological in vitro properties evidenced, in situ studies are still scarce. This study evaluated the effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) and salt (NaCl) concentrations against Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739), in salad dressing, using the response surface methodology. The experiment included a 22 central composite rotatable design (CCRD) in a total of 11 formulations of salad dressings...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Leandro Kasuki, Marilia Duarte Dalmolin, Luiz Eduardo Armondi Wildemberg, Mônica R Gadelha
BACKGROUND: Few studies evaluated the use of cabergoline (CAB) for acromegaly treatment in monotherapy or in combination with first-generation somatostatin receptor ligands (SRLs). AIM: Evaluate the efficacy, predictors of response and safety of CAB treatment in acromegaly both in monotherapy and in combination with SRLs. METHODS: We retrospectively collected demographic, biochemical, tumor and treatment data. Short-term disease control was defined as random GH level <1...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Marcos Custódio, Juliane Pirágine Araujo, Camila de Barros Gallo, Marília Trierveiler
Odontomas are odontogenic tumors composed of a mixture of dental tissues. They are very common hamartomas of the jaws. However, their peripheral or gingival counterparts are extremely uncommon. The objective of this article is to report a rare case of gingival complex odontoma in an 11-year-old patient, and also to review all published cases of this type of lesion.
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
Marília Leão Goettems, Mariana Ourens, Laura Cosetti, Susana Lorenzo, Ramon Álvarez-Vaz, Roger Keller Celeste
This study aims to estimate orthodontic treatment need among 15-24 year-old individuals in Montevideo, Uruguay, and the association of occlusal traits with demographic, clinical and socioeconomic factors, considering a life course approach. A cross-sectional study using data from the First National Oral Health Survey in Uruguay was conducted. A two-stage cluster procedure was used to select a sample of 278 individuals in Montevideo. Household interviews and oral examinations were performed by six dentists. Dental Aesthetic (DAI) and Decayed Missing and Filled Teeth Indices (DMFT) were used to assess orthodontic treatment need and dental caries, respectively...
March 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Marilia Sá Carvalho, Claudia Medina Coeli, Luciana Dias de Lima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Kelly Polido Kaneshiro Olympio, Manuel Fernando Gonzalez Huila, Cristiane de Almeida Baldini Cardoso, Ana Paula Sacone da Silva Ferreira, Adrielly Garcia Ortiz, Henrique Eisi Toma, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, Maciel Santos Luz, Maria Regina Alves Cardoso, Gislayne Aparecida Rodrigues Kelmer, Pedro Vitoriano de Oliveira, Etelvino José Henriques Bechara, Wanda Maria Risso Günther, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
To accomplish the aim A, lead from 90 bovine incisor crowns was determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer as a function of exposure time and lead concentration.
March 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Even A Taira, Talita M S Ventura, Luiza P S Cassiano, Cintia M S Silva, Tatiana Martini, Aline L Leite, Daniela Rios, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the protein profile of acquired enamel pellicles (AEP) formed in vivo over different time periods were evaluated after the application of hydrochloric acid (HCl). METHODS: Nine subjects were submitted to dental prophylaxis with pumice. After 3 or 120 min, the teeth were isolated with cotton rolls and 50 μL of 0.1 M HCl (pH 1.0), 0.01 M HCl (pH 2.0), or deionized water were applied on the buccal surface of the teeth for 10 s. The AEP was then collected using an electrode filter paper presoaked in 3% citric acid...
March 6, 2018: Caries Research
João Eurico Fonseca, José António Pereira da Silva, Miguel Bernardes, Rui Cernadas, José Canas da Silva, Lúcia Costa, Taciana Videira, Luís C Miranda, Anabela Barcelos, Pedro A Laires, Raquel Dezerto, Marília D Pereira, Filomena Vidal, Esmeralda Cunha, Ana Morais, Carla Martins, Rui Mesquita
OBJECTIVES: Early diagnosis and treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and axial Spondylarthritis (axial SpA) can limit the impact of disease outcomes. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a referral program on the identification of patients with RA and axial SpA. METHODS: This was an observational, prospective, randomized (by clusters) study conducted in Portugal to evaluate the impact of the implementation of a set of referral support actions (RSA). The study was divided in two sub-studies, the RA sub-study and the axial SpA sub-study...
March 5, 2018: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Valesca B Luz, Ivana Cristina N Gadelha, Luiz Augusto V Cordeiro, Marília M Melo, Benito Soto-Blanco
Gossypol interferes with reproduction, causing damage to sperm, disrupting the estrous cycle and resulting in embryonic lethality. In females, gossypol administration promotes degeneration of ovarian follicles, but it is unknown whether this effect is direct or indirect. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine whether gossypol interferes with folliculogenesis in vitro in rats, mice and goats. Ovaries from rats and mice and fragments of goat ovaries were grown in cell culture for 24 h or 7 days. Four groups were tested: 0 (control), 5, 10 and 20 μg gossypol/ml...
February 28, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Milena Marília Nogueira de Andrade, Claudio Fabian Szlafsztein
The vulnerability of cities and communities in the Amazon to flooding and flash flooding is increasing. The effects of extreme events on populations vary across landscapes, causing vulnerability to differ spatially. Traditional vulnerability studies in Brazil and across the world have used the vulnerability index for the country and, more recently, municipality scales. The vulnerability dimensions are exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. For each of these dimensions, there is a group of indicators that constitutes a vulnerability index using quantitative data...
February 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Marilia Takada, Maciej Parys, Emmalena Gregory-Bryson, Paulo Vilar Saavedra, Matti Kiupel, Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan
BACKGROUND: Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare disorder in humans, however it is seen with appreciable frequency in certain breeds of dogs, such as Bernese mountain dog. The purpose of this study was to fully characterize a novel canine histiocytic sarcoma cell line, and utilize it as a tool to screen for potential therapeutic drugs. METHODS: The histiocytic sarcoma cell line was characterized by expression of cellular markers as determined by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry techniques...
March 1, 2018: BMC Cancer
Glauber Cruz Lima, Yuri de Abreu Gomes Vasconcelos, Marilia Trindade de Santana Souza, Alan Santos Oliveira, Rangel Rodrigues Bomfim, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Júnior, Enilton Aparecido Camargo, Viviane Gomes Portella, Andrelina Noronha Coelho-de-Souza, Lúcio Ricardo Leite Diniz
No specific therapeutics are available for the treatment of sepsis-induced liver dysfunction, a clinical complication strongly associated with the high mortality rate of septic patients. This study investigated the effect of the essential oil of Hyptis crenata (EOHc), a lamiaceae plant used to treat liver disturbances in Brazilian folk medicine, on liver function during early sepsis. Sepsis was induced by the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model. Rats were divided into four groups: Sham, Sham+EOHc, CLP, and CLP+EOHc...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Debora Bevilaqua-Grossi, Marilia Zanin, Camila Benedetti, Lidiane Florencio, Anamaria Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess sensitization using quantitative sensory testing in mechanical and thermal modes in individuals with and without osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Pain thresholds were correlated with functionality, symptoms of depression and intensity of pain. METHODS: Thirty control volunteers and 30 patients with OA of the knee were assessed. Punctate pain thresholds using Von Frey filaments and thermal pain thresholds using a Thermal Sensory Analyzer were evaluated in the periarticular region of the knee and forearm...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Marília Gabriela Mendes de Alencar, Manoela Moura De Bortoli, Thiago Coelho Gomes da Silva, Emanuel Dias de Oliveira E Silva, José Rodrigues Laureano Filho
The mandibular fracture is one of the most commonly fractures of the facial bones. In high-energy traumas, a comminuted mandible fracture may occur. The closed reduction with external fixator is an interesting alternative for these types of fractures. The aim of this article is to report the case of a patient with comminuted fracture in the right mandibular body, whose surgical treatment was the noninvasive reduction of fracture and stabilization using a Colles' wrist external fixator. After 1 year of follow-up, the patient is without complaints, with satisfactory dental occlusion, adequate contour, and mandibular alignment...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Elias Teixeira Krainski, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Guy Launoy, Carole Pornet, Maria de Fátima de Pina
OBJECTIVES: Analyze the association between socioeconomic deprivation and old-age survival in Europe, and investigate whether it varies by country and gender. METHODS: Our study incorporated five countries (Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, and England). A 10-year survival rate expressing the proportion of population aged 75-84 years who reached 85-94 years old was calculated at area-level for 2001-11. To estimate associations, we used Bayesian spatial models and a transnational measure of deprivation...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Marília M Wallauer, Fernanda Huf, Lucas S Tortorelli, Francine L Rahmeier, Fabiano B Carvalho, Rosalva T Meurer, Marilda da Cruz Fernandes
The link between Ethanol (EtOH) and tobacco (TOB) has potentially important implications for people involved in alcohol treatment; many alcoholics smoke, putting them at high risk of tobacco-related complications. The present study investigates the effect of chronic exposure to cigarette smoke, EtOH consumption and the combination of both on astrogliosis and apoptosis in the cerebellum of rats. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (8 animals per group): vehicle (glucose 3%, 10 mL/kg, twice a day), EtOH treated (EtOH 2 g/kg, twice a day), exposure to cigarette smoke (TOB, smoke of 6 cigarettes, twice a day) and a combination of EtOH and cigarette smoke (TOB + EtOH, twice a day)...
February 22, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
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