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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431427/total-spinal-anesthesia-failure-have-you-assessed-the-sensory-anesthesia-in-sacral-dermatomes
#1
Ronaldo Rodrigo de Sá Oliveira, Marília Pinheiro Módolo, Glênio Bitencourt Mizubuti, Anthony M H Ho, Guilherme Antonio Moreira de Barros, Leopoldo Muniz da Silva, Leandro Gobbo Braz, Norma Sueli Pinheiro Módolo, Andrew G Day, Rachel Phelan, Lais Helena Navarro E Lima, Eliana Marisa Ganem
Intrathecal local anesthetic maldistribution is a well-known cause of spinal anesthesia failure (SAF). This could potentially result in sensory blockade restricted to the sacral dermatomes. We sought to determine the overall incidence of SAF and the role of sacral dermatomes in differentiating between total and partial failures. Of the 3111 spinals prospectively examined, 194 (6.2%) were classified as failures. Of the 72 presumed total failures based on the initial assessment, evaluation of the sacral dermatomes revealed sensory blockade in 32 (44%; 95% confidence interval, 32...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428801/preconception-allergen-sensitization-can-induce-b10-cells-in-offspring-a-potential-main-role-for-maternal-igg
#2
Marília Garcia de Oliveira, Luana de Mendonça Oliveira, Aline Aparecida de Lima Lira, Fábio da Ressureição Sgnotto, Alberto José da Silva Duarte, Maria Notomi Sato, Jefferson Russo Victor
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms through which allergies can be inhibited after preconception immunization with allergens are not fully understood. We aimed to evaluate whether maternal immunization can induce a regulatory B (B10) cell population in offspring in concert with allergy inhibition. METHODS: C57BL/6 females were or were not immunized with OVA and were mated with normal WT males. Their offspring were evaluated at 3 days of age or 20 days after neonatal immunization...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423138/intimate-partner-violence-and-maternal-educational-practice
#3
Josianne Maria Mattos da Silva, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the association between intimate partner violence against women and maternal educational practice directed to children at the beginning of formal education. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, with 631 mother/child pairs, registered in the Family Health Strategy of the Health District II of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It integrates a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the consequences of exposure to intimate partner violence in relation to the child who was born between 2005 and 2006...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419110/cocoa-pulp-in-beer-production-applicability-and-fermentative-process-performance
#4
Cassiane da Silva Oliveira Nunes, Giovani Brandão Mafra de Carvalho, Marília Lordêlo Cardoso da Silva, Gervásio Paulo da Silva, Bruna Aparecida Souza Machado, Ana Paula Trovatti Uetanabaro
This work evaluated the effect of cocoa pulp as a malt adjunct on the parameters of fermentation for beer production on a pilot scale. For this purpose, yeast isolated from the spontaneous fermentation of cachaça (SC52), belonging to the strain bank of the State University of Feira de Santana-Ba (Brazil), and a commercial strain of ale yeast (Safale S-04 Belgium) were used. The beer produced was subjected to acceptance and purchase intention tests for sensorial analysis. At the beginning of fermentation, 30% cocoa pulp (adjunct) was added to the wort at 12°P concentration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418820/case-241-hemiparkinsonism-hemiatrophy-spect-with-99m-tc-trodat-1-and-muscle-mr-imaging-abnormalities
#5
Thiago Cardoso Vale, Flávia Cristina de Lima Pinto, José Luiz Pedroso, Marília Alves Dos Reis, Ilza Rosa Batista, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, René Leandro Magalhães Rivero, Renato Adam Mendonça, Orlando G Barsottini
History A 43-year-old right-handed man presented with a history of progressive mild left-sided weakness and slowness of movements. Symptoms began 4 years earlier, and the patient noticed a progressive decline in his daily routine due to gait difficulties in the past year. There was no history of head trauma, surgery, drug therapy, smoking, or alcohol abuse, nor was there any relevant family history. Examination revealed normal cognition (29 of 30 points on the Mini-Mental State Examination and 27 of 30 points on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment) and normal cerebellar, sensory, cranial nerve, and autonomic function...
May 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#6
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416315/preparation-of-oval-shaped-canals-with-trushape-and-reciproc-systems-a-micro-computed-tomography-study-using-contralateral-premolars
#7
Ludmila S Guimarães, Cinthya C Gomes, Marília F Marceliano-Alves, Rodrigo S Cunha, José C Provenzano, José F Siqueira
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the shaping properties of TRUShape and Reciproc systems during preparation of oval-shaped canals from contralateral teeth by using micro-computed tomography scanning. METHODS: Thirteen pairs of freshly extracted contralateral mandibular premolars with a single oval-shaped canal were selected and divided into 2 groups according to the root canal instrumentation technique, TRUShape and Reciproc. The final apical size of instrumentation was 40/...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414527/advantages-and-limitations-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-methods-of-iron-and-zinc-bioavailability-evaluation-in-the-assessment-of-biofortification-program-effectiveness
#8
Desirrê Morais Dias, Neuza Maria Brunoro Costa, Marilia Regini Nutti, Elad Tako, Hércia Stampini Duarte Martino
Biofortification aims to improve the micronutrient concentration of staple food crops through the best practices of breeding and modern biotechnology. However, increased zinc and iron concentrations in food crops may not always translate into proportional increases in absorbed zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe). Therefore, assessing iron and zinc bioavailability in biofortified crops is imperative to evaluate the efficacy of breeding programs. This review aimed to investigate the advantages and limitations of in vitro and in vivo methods of iron and zinc bioavailability evaluation in the assessment of biofortification program effectiveness...
April 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411081/identification-of-suitable-reference-genes-for-mirna-expression-normalization-in-gastric-cancer
#9
Ana Carolina Anauate, Mariana Ferreira Leal, Fernanda Wisnieski, Leonardo Caires Santos, Carolina Oliveira Gigek, Elizabeth Suchi Chen, Jaqueline Cruz Geraldis, Danielle Queiroz Calcagno, Paulo Pimentel Assumpção, Samia Demachki, Carlos Haruo Arasaki, Laércio Gomes Lourenço, Ricardo Artigiani, Rommel Rodríguez Burbano, Marília Arruda Cardoso Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409128/the-use-of-bone-morphogenetic-proteins-bmp-and-pseudarthrosis-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Oberdan Ribeiro Gonçalves de Oliveira, Saul Pinheiro Rebouças Martins, Wyvison Gomes de Lima, Marília Maia Gomes
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) are multi-functional growth factors to promote bone healing with the proposal of less morbidity compared to the usual methods of bone graft harvest. Pseudoarthrosis occur when the fusion attempt fails, a solid fusion is not achieved, or there is motion across the segment leading to it, and it can be clinically symptomatic as pain, deformity, neurocompression, or hardware failure. BMPs are used at spinal fusion as a tool for the treatment of degenerative, traumatic, neoplastic and infectious conditions of the spine...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407853/effects-of-environmental-enrichment-on-reproductive-performance-and-quantity-and-morphology-of-cumulus-oocyte-complexes-obtained-from-rattus-norvegicus
#11
Joana Fisch, Iáskara Vieira de Oliveira, Juliana Fank, Lia Mara Gomes Paim, Marília Remuzzi Zandoná, Eliana Franco Lopes, Fernanda Bastos de Mello, Alexandre Tavares Duarte de Oliveira
Several researchers have observed that environmental enrichment (EE) can be effective in reducing stressful conditions and abnormal behavior and may provide better reproductive performance in rodents. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the reproductive performance of Wistar rats reared in three different housing conditions. Animals were separated into breeding pairs, one pair per cage and pairs randomly assigned to three experimental groups (ten couples per group): control group were provided cages without any environmental enrichment; PVC group with PVC pipe; and cardboard roll group with a commercially available cardboard tube...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405227/impact-of-menopause-and-diabetes-on-atherogenic-lipid-profile-is-it-worth-to-analyse-lipoprotein-subfractions-to-assess-cardiovascular-risk-in-women
#12
REVIEW
Marília Izar Helfenstein Fonseca, Isis Tande da Silva, Sandra Roberta G Ferreira
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women at advanced age, who are affected a decade later compared to men. Cardiovascular risk factors in women are not properly investigated nor treated and events are frequently lethal. Both menopause and type 2 diabetes substantially increase cardiovascular risk in the female sex, promoting modifications on lipid metabolism and circulating lipoproteins. Lipoprotein subfractions suffer a shift after menopause towards a more atherogenic lipid profile, consisted of hypertriglyceridemia, lower levels of both total high density lipoprotein (HDL) and its subfraction HDL2, but also higher levels of HDL3 and small low-density lipoprotein particles...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403343/lycopene-and-resveratrol-pretreatment-did-not-interfere-with-the-liver-of-hepatectomized-rats
#13
Pedro Paulo Barros, Gisele Mara Silva Gonçalves, Gustavo Henrique da Silva, Maria Clara Villaça Dias Bastos, Loren Nogaroto Ramos, Marilia Marinello Fernandes
Purpose: To investigate the effects of lycopene and resveratrol pretreatment on hepatic hyperplasia in partially hepatectomized rats. Methods: The lycopene group and the resveratrol group received 40 mg/kg/day of lycopene or resveratrol, respectively (dissolved in olive oil or in saline solution, respectively) and administered via a gastric tube for 30 days. The partially hepatectomzed (PH) control groups received saline or olive oil via a gastric tube for 30 days, respectively, and the normal control group received no treatment...
March 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403341/anatomo-radiological-correlation-using-18-fdg-pet-in-abdominal-sepsis-model-in-rats-a-preliminary-study
#14
Ítalo Medeiros Azevedo, Marília Daniela Ferreira Carvalho, Rafael Pereira Nascimento, Robson Macedo, Mônica Raquel de Souza Aquino, Aldo Cunha Medeiros
Purpose: To examine a correlation of micro-PET images with photographic images of the digestive organs in abdominal sepsis model. Methods: Male Wistar rats weighing 265±18g were used. Abdominal sepsis was induced by ligature and cecal puncture. Micro-PET Images from abdominal cavity septic foci were obtained using 18-Fluoro-deoxyglucose, looking for a correlation with photographic images of abdominal cavity organs. Pearson's correlation test was used. Results: The mean standard uptake values (SUV) and lesion areas were 2...
March 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403301/conformity-of-nurse-prescribing-to-care-needs-nurses-understanding
#15
Marília Silveira Faeda, Márcia Galan Perroca
OBJECTIVE: investigate the understanding of nurses on nurse prescribing conformity to the care needs of hospitalized patients and factors associated with that conformity. METHOD: a descriptive study, with a quantitative approach, was conducted at 20 in-patient units of a teaching hospital in the state of São Paulo. The participants (N=139) answered a semi-structured questionnaire. RESULTS: For 43 (30.9%) nurses, nurse prescribing is always in line with patients' care needs...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403299/religious-and-spiritual-coping-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#16
Clarissa Mourão Pinho, Bruno Felipe Remigio Dâmaso, Eduardo Tavares Gomes, Maria de Fátima Cordeiro Trajano, Maria Sandra Andrade, Marília Perrelli Valença
OBJECTIVE: evaluate the religiosity and the religious/spiritual coping of people living with HIV/Aids. METHOD: descriptive, cross-sectional study with quantitative approach, conducted in a reference HIV/Aids outpatient clinic in a university hospital of Recife-PE, Brazil, from June to November 2015. At total of 52 people living with HIV/Aids (PLWHA) participated in the research, which employed own questionnaire, the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL), and the Religious/Spiritual Coping Scale (RCOPE)...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396996/ultrasound-positive-predictive-values-by-bi-rads-categories-3-5-for-solid-masses-an-independent-reader-study
#17
A Thomas Stavros, Andrea G Freitas, Giselle G N deMello, Lora Barke, Dennis McDonald, Terese Kaske, Ducly Wolverton, Arnold Honick, Daniela Stanzani, Adriana H Padovan, Ana Paula C Moura, Marilia C V de Campos
OBJECTIVE: We assessed multiple readers' positive predictive values (PPVs) for ACR BI-RADS 3, 4a, 4b, 4c and 5 masses on ultrasound (US) pre- and post-proposed guidelines. METHODS: This retrospective, IRB-approved study included four American and four non-American readers who assigned BI-RADS categories for US images of 374 biopsy-proved masses. Readers were offered guidelines and re-classified the masses. We assessed readers' abilities to achieve ACR benchmarks BI-RADS categories pre- and post-guidelines...
April 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396087/high-performance-separation-of-quaternary-amines-using-microchip-non-aqueous-electrophoresis-coupled-with-contactless-conductivity-detection
#18
Roger Cardoso Moreira, Marilia Sousa Lopes, Iris Medeiros Junior, Wendell K T Coltro
This study describes the development of an analytical methodology for the separation of quaternary amines using non-aqueous microchip electrophoresis (NAME) coupled with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D). All experiments were performed using a commercial microchip electrophoresis system consisting of a C(4)D detector, a high-voltage sequencer and a microfluidic platform to assemble a glass microchip with integrated sensing electrodes. The detection parameters were optimized and the best response was reached applying a 700-kHz sinusoidal wave with 14Vpp excitation voltage...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392374/evaluation-of-the-toxic-effect-of-endocrine-disruptor-bisphenol-a-bpa-in-the-acute-and-chronic-toxicity-tests-with-pomacea-lineata-gastropod
#19
André Lucas Correa de Andrade, Priscila Rafaela Leão Soares, Stephannie Caroline Barros Lucas da Silva, Marília Cordeiro Galvão da Silva, Thamiris Pinheiro Santos, Marilia Ribeiro Sales Cadena, Pierre Castro Soares, Pabyton Gonçalves Cadena
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a plasticizer and a risk when it interacts with organisms, and can cause changes in the development and reproduction of them. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of BPA, by acute and chronic toxicity tests with neonates and adults of Pomacea lineata. Adults and neonates were divided into groups exposed to BPA (1-20mg/L), or 17β-estradiol (1mg/L) and control in the acute and chronic toxicity tests. Behavior, heart rate, reproduction and hemolymph biochemical analysis were measured...
April 6, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391136/increasing-incidence-of-type-1-diabetes-between-1986-and-2015-in-bauru-brazil
#20
Carlos Antonio Negrato, José Roberto Pereira Lauris, Ieso Braz Saggioro, Maria Cristina Morato Corradini, Pricila Rubia Borges, Maria Cristina Crês, Aluysio Leal Junior, Maria Fatima Soares Guedes, Marilia Brito Gomes
AIMS: To assess temporal trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Bauru, São Paulo State, Brazil from 1986 to 2015. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The yearly incidence of type 1 diabetes (per 100,000/yr) from 1986 to 2015 was determined in children ≤14yr of age, using individual case notification and the capture and recapture method. RESULTS: During thirty years (1986-2015), 302 cases were diagnosed in our population. The overall incidence was of 12...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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