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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321442/the-relationship-between-apoptosis-chromatin-configuration-histone-modification-and-competence-of-oocytes-a-study-using-the-mouse-ovary-holding-stress-model
#1
Juan Lin, Fei Chen, Ming-Ju Sun, Jiang Zhu, You-Wei Li, Liu-Zhu Pan, Jie Zhang, Jing-He Tan
The epigenetic factors causing competence differences between SN (surrounded nucleolus) and NSN (non-surrounded nucleolus) oocytes, the significance for the increased histone acetylation and methylation in SN oocytes, and whether chromatin configuration or histone modification determines oocyte competence, are unclear. This study has addressed these issues by using the ovary-holding (OH) stress models where oocyte SN configuration was uncoupled from histone modifications and developmental potential. Prepubertal mouse ovaries containing high percentages of NSN oocytes were preserved at 37 or 39 °C for 1 or 2 h before examination for oocyte chromatin configuration, developmental competence, histone modification and apoptosis...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040909/glucocorticoids-impair-oocyte-developmental-potential-by-triggering-apoptosis-of-ovarian-cells-via-activating-the-fas-system
#2
Hong-Jie Yuan, Xiao Han, Nan He, Guo-Liang Wang, Shuai Gong, Juan Lin, Min Gao, Jing-He Tan
Previous studies indicate that stress damages oocytes with increased secretion of glucorticoids. However, although injection of female mice with cortisol decreased oocyte competence, exposure of mouse oocytes directly to physiological or stress-induced concentrations of glucorticoids did not affect oocyte maturation and embryo development. This study has explored the mechanisms by which glucocorticoids impair oocyte competence. Female mice were injected with cortisol and the effects of cortisol-injection on oocyte competence, ovarian cell apoptosis and Fas/FasL activation were observed...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25731893/cumulus-cells-accelerate-oocyte-aging-by-releasing-soluble-fas-ligand-in-mice
#3
Jiang Zhu, Jie Zhang, Hong Li, Tian-Yang Wang, Chuan-Xin Zhang, Ming-Jiu Luo, Jing-He Tan
Although previous studies have suggested that cumulus cells (CCs) accelerate oocyte aging by secreting soluble and heat-sensitive paracrine factors, the factors involved are not well characterized. Because Fas-mediated apoptosis represents a major pathway in induction of apoptosis in various cells, we proposed that CCs facilitate oocyte aging by releasing soluble Fas ligand (sFasL). In this study, we reported that when the aging of freshly ovulated mouse oocytes were studied in vitro, both the apoptotic rates of CCs and the amount of CCs produced sFasL increased significantly with the culture time...
2015: Scientific Reports
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