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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817331/urban-rural-differences-in-suicide-in-the-state-of-maryland-the-role-of-firearms
#1
Paul S Nestadt, Patrick Triplett, David R Fowler, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the use of firearms explains rural-urban differences in suicide rates. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis on all 6196 well-characterized adult suicides in Maryland from 2003 through 2015. We computed rate ratios by using census data and then stratified by sex, with adjustment for age and race. RESULTS: Suicide rates were higher in rural compared with urban counties. However, the higher rural suicide rates were limited to firearm suicides (incident rate ratio [IRR] = 1...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815196/simultaneous-health-risk-behaviors-in-adolescents-associated-with-higher-economic-class-in-the-northeast-of-brazil
#2
Arley Santos Leão, Nara Michelle Moura Soares, Eliane Cristina de Andrade Gonçalves, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Roberto Jerônimo Dos Santos Silva, Sara Maria Thomazzi
DESIGN: The social, cultural, and economic context can be an important variable in the perception and adoption of risk behaviors in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of simultaneous health risk behaviors and associated socioeconomic factors in adolescents living in the metropolitan region of Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil. METHODS: The sample consisted of 2,207 high school students aged 13-18 years...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809622/suicide-in-pretoria-a-retrospective-review-2007-2010
#3
Cornelia Engelbrecht, Ryan Blumenthal, Neil K Morris, Gert Saayman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has declared suicide a global ealth crisis, predicting that ~1.53 million people will commit suicide annually by 2020. OBJECTIVE: A study from South Africa reviewed 1 018 suicide cases in Pretoria over 4 years (1997 - 2000). Our study was undertaken to establish whether there have been substantial changes in the profile of suicide victims who died in Pretoria a decade later. METHODS: Case records at the Pretoria Medico-Legal Laboratory were reviewed retrospectively from 2007 to 2010...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806634/a-correlation-based-bullet-identification-method-using-empirical-mode-decomposition
#4
Saeed Bigdeli, Hamed Danandeh, Mohsen Ebrahimi Moghaddam
The striations on bullet surface are 3D micro structures formed when a bullet is forcing its way out of barrel. Each barrel leaves individual striation patterns on bullets. Hence, the striation information of bullets is helpful for firearm identification. Common automatic identification methods process these images using linear time invariant (LTI) filters based on correlation. These methods do not consider the sensitivity of correlation based comparisons to nonlinear baseline drifts. The striations are undeniably random unique micro structures caused by random non-model-based imperfections in the tools used in rifling process, therefore any characteristic profile that is extracted from a bullet image is statistically non-stationary...
August 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805738/vibroacoustic-impact-on-the-architectonic-heritage-when-using-replicas-of-16th-century-weapons
#5
Angel Tomas Lloret, Sandra Sendra, Jaime Lloret, Romina Del Rey, Miguel Louis Cereceda
The recreation of historical battles next to old buildings, walls, churches, fortifications or historical facades belonging to the historical heritage of a city, has always been a source of controversy and discussion. In the absence of a clear legislation about how these buildings can be affected by the use of blunderbusses and pyrotechnics, it is necessary to carry out practical experiments to test the effect of these celebrations on these buildings. For this reason, this paper presents a set of practical experiments where the vibroacoustic effect of using weapons such as blunderbusses and harquebuses is analyzed...
August 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804685/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-through-paramedian-technique-and-lateral-approach-in-a-patient-with-cervical-esophagostomy-a-case-report
#6
Kapil D Soni, Neha Garg, Richa Aggarwal, Ambuj Ambuj
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a common surgical procedure and established as first choice for securing the airway in critically ill patients needing prolonged mechanical ventilation. There are case reports of open tracheostomy through paramedian approach without complications. This case report presents a case of PDT through paramedian approach. CASE REPORT: An 18 year old female, case of firearm injury underwent cervical esophagostomy on the left side of neck approaching midline...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796015/the-relative-lack-of-data-regarding-firearms-injuries-in-the-united-states
#7
Cornelius A Thiels, Martin D Zielinski, Amy E Glasgow, Elizabeth B Habermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790510/fear-and-loathing-on-the-campaign-trail-what-the-election-means-for-u-s-health-care-and-the-health-of-american-democracy
#8
Robert B Doherty
This paper analyzes four trends that are affecting the 2016 election: changing US demographics and the reaction to them, a growing distrust of government, increased polarization and government gridlock, and the rise of populism. It compares the views of candidates Hillary Rodham Clinton and Donald S. Trump on the Affordable Care Act, climate change, prescription drug pricing, prevention of injuries and deaths from firearms, and the opioids epidemic; and offers perspectives on the potential impact of the election not only on U...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760024/removing-firearms-from-the-home-after-attempted-suicide-can-be-life-saving
#9
Merete Nordentoft, Annette Erlangsen, Trine Madsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759775/forensic-mental-health-evaluations-of-military-personnel-with-traumatic-life-event-in-a-university-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#10
Huseyin Balandiz, Abdullah Bolu
INTRODUCTION: The definition of psychological trauma has been rephrased with the DSM-5. From now on, witnessing someone else's traumatic event is also accepted as a traumatic life event. Therefore, the psychiatric examination of forensic cases gains importance for not overlooking a psychiatric trauma. This research aims to discuss the psychiatric examinations of military personnel who had a traumatic life event and to reveal psychiatric states of soldiers after trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forensic reports prepared at Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Forensic Medicine polyclinic between January 1, 2011 and November 30, 2014 were examined, and among them the cases sent to GMMA Psychiatry polyclinic for psychiatric examination were analyzed retrospectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753412/influence-of-snowfall-on-blood-lead-levels-of-free-flying-bald-eagles-haliaeetus-leucocephalus-in-the-upper-mississippi-river-valley
#11
Ronald A Lindblom, Letitia M Reichart, Brett A Mandernack, Matthew Solensky, Casey W Schoenebeck, Patrick T Redig
Lead poisoning of scavenging raptors occurs primarily via consumption of game animal carcasses containing lead, which peaks during fall firearm hunting seasons. We hypothesized that snowfall would mitigate exposure by concealing carcasses. We categorized blood lead level (BLL) for a subsample of Bald Eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) from the Upper Mississippi River Valley and described BLL with respect to age, sex, and snowfall. We captured Bald Eagles overwintering in the Upper Mississippi River Valley (n=55) between December 1999 and January 2002...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750123/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-in-us-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-nhanes-1988-2010
#12
Brooke M Su, Dylan K Chan
Importance: There have been concerns about increasing levels of hearing impairment in children and adolescents, especially in relation to noise exposure, because even mild levels of hearing loss can affect educational outcomes. Objective: To further characterize changes in prevalence of hearing loss and noise exposures in the US pediatric population over time. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a retrospective analysis of demographic and audiometric data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994), NHANES 2005-2006, NHANES 2007-2008, and NHANES 2009-2010...
July 27, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749728/addressing-the-cultural-challenges-of-firearm-restriction-in-suicide-prevention-a-test-of-public-health-messaging-to-protect-those-at-risk
#13
Elizabeth Marino, Christopher Wolsko, Susan Keys, Holly Wilcox
OBJECTIVES: Reducing access to firearms as a suicide prevention strategy is limited in the US today because of divergent cultural attitudes and political contentiousness surrounding gun restrictions. This research examined the effects of culturally-specific suicide prevention messages on the likelihood of restricting firearm access during periods of suicide risk. METHODS: Focus groups and key informant interviews were conducted with rural gun owners in order to develop a suicide prevention message that highlighted the importance of restricting access to firearms during periods of risk without threatening second amendment concerns...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746724/undertriage-of-firearm-related-injuries-not-actually-assessed
#14
Joseph Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#15
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727925/investigating-the-relationship-between-social-and-economic-policy-views-firearm-ownership-and-death-by-firearm-in-a-sample-of-suicide-decedents
#16
Sarah E Butterworth, Claire Houtsma, Joye C Anestis, Michael D Anestis
Extant literature provides evidence for the frequent use and lethality of firearms in suicide and the ability of means safety measures to prevent suicides; however, little evidence exists to provide an understanding of the characteristics that differentiate suicide decedents who die by firearm from those who die by other methods. In this study, we build on prior findings regarding the characteristics of those who die by firearms by examining the relationship between social and economic policy views and both firearm ownership and death by firearm in a sample of 267 American suicide decedents...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725486/consequences-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-during-pregnancy-in-pakistan
#17
Aatik Arsh, Haider Darain, Syed Muhammad Ilyas, Amir Zeb
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the major causes for poor outcomes of pregnancy. Injury during pregnancy is uncommon; therefore, outcome data are scarce. This case series presents outcomes of pregnancy in five women who sustained SCI during their pregnancies. CASE PRESENTATION: Five women who sustained SCIs during pregnancy (age range: 24-38 years) were identified and included in this case series. The causes of SCI in this population were fall from heights (cases 1 and 2), road traffic accidents (cases 3 and 4) and firearm injury (case 5)...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724500/a-20-year-review-of-pediatric-pregnant-trauma-from-a-level-i-trauma-center
#18
Tanya L Zakrison, Xiomara Ruiz, Nicholas Namias, Marie Crandall
BACKGROUND: Trauma in pregnancy remains an important but understudied public health issue. We aimed to determine the prevalence of interpersonal violence in our pregnant trauma population (including pediatric) over the last 20 years, from our Level I trauma center. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, retrospective chart review to identify all pregnant trauma patients between Jan 1993 and Sept 2013. Pediatric was ≤18 years of age. We evaluated demographics, mechanism of injury, injury location, disposition, and outcome data...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721637/cost-of-hospitalization-for-firearm-injuries-by-firearm-type-intent-and-payer-in-the-united-states
#19
Corinne Peek-Asa, Brandon Butcher, Joseph E Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries disproportionately affect young, male, non-White populations, causing substantial individual and societal burden. Annual costs for hospitalized firearm injuries have not been widely described, as most previous cost studies have focused on lifetime costs. We examined a nationally-representative database of hospitalizations in the US to estimate per-hospital and overall hospital costs for firearm injuries by intent, type of weapon, and payer source. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all firearm injury hospitalizations in the National Inpatient Sample from 2003 through 2013...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717964/wound-morphology-in-contact-shots-from-blank-cartridge-handguns-a-study-on-composite-models
#20
Rebecca Pircher, Markus Große Perdekamp, Annette Thierauf-Emberger, Lena Kramer, Stefan Pollak, Dorothee Geisenberger
It is a well-known fact that blank cartridge guns can cause penetrating and even fatal injuries when discharged in contact or at very close ranges. In these cases, the gas jet perforates the skin leaving an entrance wound similar to that from a conventional gun. In order to investigate the wound morphology in contact shots from blank firearms, test shots were fired at composite models of pig skin and gelatin blocks using three different calibre 9-mm blank cartridge handguns (two pistols and one revolver) and two types of ammunition...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
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