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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777938/austrian-firearm-legislation-and-its-effects-on-suicide-and-homicide-mortality-a-natural-quasi-experiment-amidst-the-global-economic-crisis
#1
Daniel König, Patrick Swoboda, Robert J Cramer, Christoph Krall, Vita Postuvan, Nestor D Kapusta
BACKGROUND: Restriction of access to suicide methods has been shown to effectively reduce suicide mortality rates. AIMS: To examine how the global economic crisis of 2008 and the firearm legislation reform of 1997 affected suicide and homicide mortality rate within Austria. METHODS: Official data for the years 1985-2016 for firearm certificates, suicide, homicide, unemployment rates and alcohol consumption were examined using auto regressive error and Poisson regression models...
May 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777427/constitutional-implications-of-firearm-restrictions-for-veterans-with-fiduciaries
#2
Joseph Blocher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774493/firearms-fiduciaries-and-veterans-complications-of-a-flawed-federal-policy-designed-to-keep-veterans-safe
#3
Caitlin Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771618/differences-between-new-and-long-standing-us-gun-owners-results-from-a-national-survey
#4
Joseph Wertz, Deborah Azrael, David Hemenway, Susan Sorenson, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the proportion of current US gun owners who are new to owning firearms and compare new versus long-standing gun owners with respect to their firearms and firearm-related behaviors. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative probability-based online survey conducted in 2015 in the United States. We defined new gun owners as current firearm owners who acquired all of their firearms within the past 5 years, but who lived in a home without a gun at some time over the past 5 years...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771611/firearm-ownership-storage-practices-and-suicide-risk-factors-in-washington-state-2013-2016
#5
Erin Renee Morgan, Anthony Gomez, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
OBJECTIVES: To characterize firearm ownership and storage practices in Washington State and assess their relationship with suicide risk factors. METHODS: Using Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 2013 to 2016, we conducted survey-weighted multivariable Poisson regression models to obtain prevalence ratios (PRs) and confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Of 34 884 adult respondents, 34.3% (95% CI = 33.7%, 35...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766128/a-multi-decade-joinpoint-analysis-of-firearm-injury-severity
#6
Bindu Kalesan, Yi Zuo, Ziming Xuan, Michael B Siegel, Jeffrey Fagan, Charles Branas, Sandro Galea
Background: Non-fatal firearm injuries constitute approximately 70% of all firearm trauma injuries in the United States. Patterns of severity of these injuries are poorly understood. We analyzed the overall, age-, sex- and intent-specific temporal trends in the injury severity of firearm hospitalizations from 1993 to 2014. Methods: We assessed temporal trends in the severity of patients hospitalized for firearm using Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data over a 22 year period...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763533/assessing-risk-for-future-firearms-violence-in-young-people-who-present-to-ed
#7
(no author information available yet)
A new clinical index tool designed specifically for the emergency environment predicts the risk for future firearms violence in young people 14-24 years of age. The approach employs a brief, 10-point instrument that can be administered in one to two minutes, according to investigators. They also note that while the tool is based on data from a single ED in Flint, Ml, the tool should be applicable to urban EDs in regions that have similar characteristics. To create the tool, investigators used data from the Flint Youth Injury Study, an investigation of a group of patients 14-24 years of age who reported using drugs in the previous six months and accessed care at a Level I trauma center...
June 2017: ED Management: the Monthly Update on Emergency Department Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759795/children-and-firearms-a-public-health-crisis
#8
Karen Goldschmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748766/firearm-storage-in-gun-owning-households-with-children-results-of-a-2015-national-survey
#9
Deborah Azrael, Joanna Cohen, Carmel Salhi, Matthew Miller
Data from a nationally representative probability-based online survey sample of US adults conducted in 2015 (n = 3949, response rate 55%) were used to assess self-reported gun storage practices among gun owners with children. The presence of firearms and children in the home, along with other household and individual level characteristics, was ascertained from all respondents. Questions pertaining to household firearms (how guns are stored, number, type, etc.) were asked only of those respondents who reported that they personally owned a gun...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747046/comparison-of-porcine-organs-and-commonly-used-ballistic-simulants-when-subjected-to-impact-from-steel-spheres-fired-at-supersonic-velocities
#10
Caitlin Humphrey, Maciej Henneberg, Christian Wachsberger, Jaliya Kumaratilake
Firearm injuries are common in the world today, in both military and civilian settings. Research into the effects different ammunition has on the human body has been conducted using tissue simulants such as Ballistics Ordnance Gelatine. Previous research has found that with low velocity projectiles, the tissue simulants only represent a selected few organs, as the human body and its organs/tissues are not homogeneous. The aim of this research was to determine which ballistic simulants best represent the abdomen and thorax, for the purposes of anatomical modelling...
April 25, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745263/school-based-and-community-based-gun-safety-educational-strategies-for-injury-prevention
#11
Cheryl Holly, Sallie Porter, Mary Kamienski, Aubrianne Lim
BACKGROUND: Nearly 1,300 children in the United States die because of firearm-related injury each year and another 5,790 survive gunshot wounds, making the prevention of firearm-related unintentional injury to children of vital importance to families, health professionals, and policy makers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on school-based and community-based gun safety programs for children aged 3 to 18 years. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744717/closer-to-guns-the-role-of-street-gangs-in-facilitating-access-to-illegal-firearms
#12
Elizabeth Roberto, Anthony A Braga, Andrew V Papachristos
Criminal offenders often turn to social networks to gain access to firearms, yet we know little about how networks facilitate access to firearms. This study conducts a network analysis of a co-offending network for the City of Chicago to determine how close any offender may be to a firearm. We use arrest data to recreate the co-offending network of all individuals who were arrested with at least one other person over an eight-year period. We then use data on guns recovered by the police to measure potential network pathways of any individual to known firearms...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741943/youth-suicide-prevention-in-the-context-of-firearm-safety
#13
James Nowak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731179/parents-adherence-to-pediatric-health-and-safety-guidelines-importance-of-patient-provider-relationships
#14
Lindsay N Fuzzell, A Scott LaJoie, Kyle T Smith, Sydney E Philpott, Katherine M Jones, Mary C Politi
OBJECTIVE: To examine 1) parent-provider communication about pediatric health/safety guidelines, 2) trust in child's provider, 3) comfort discussing guidelines, 4) agreement with guideline advice, 5) self-efficacy following guidelines, and their impact on guideline adherence. METHOD: 256 parents of children ages 0-6 completed an online survey about sunscreen use, newborn Vitamin K injections, influenza vaccination, routine vaccination, car seats, infant safe sleep, furniture anchoring, large trampoline use, and firearm safety...
May 1, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729771/in-harm-s-way-unintentional-firearm-injuries-in-young-children
#15
Andrew Nordin, Alan Coleman, Junxin Shi, Krista Wheeler, Henry Xiang, Brian Kenney
PURPOSE: Firearm-related trauma represents a major source of preventable injury and death. Many firearm injuries in young children are unintentional, and the true incidence may be underestimated. We sought to characterize the morbidity of unintentional firearm injuries. METHODS: National Trauma Data Bank data from 2007 to 2014 was obtained for patients aged 0-14 sustaining gunshot wounds (GSW). We analyzed demographics, injury severity score, hospital and ICU length of stay (LOS), ventilator days, discharge to rehab, and mortality...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727798/sex-and-age-modify-the-relationship-between-life-circumstances-and-use-of-a-firearm-in-suicide-deaths-across-17-u-s-states
#16
Bindu Kalesan, Laura Ann Sampson, Yi Zuo, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Suicides are of growing public health concern in the United States. Although the demographics of firearm suicides are well established, the sex and age differences in the role that life circumstances play in the risk for firearm suicide are not known. METHODS: We used suicide deaths from the National Violent Death Reporting System from 2003 to 2011 in 17 U.S. states to assess the difference in the relation between six life circumstances and risk of firearm versus non-firearm suicides across sex and age groups...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727408/firearm-associated-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-trends-in-the-united-states-2003-2012
#17
Todd J Blumberg, Christopher J DeFrancesco, Daniel J Miller, Nirav K Pandya, John M Flynn, Keith D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Firearm-associated injuries are the second leading cause of death in children in the United States. Fractures are common comorbid injuries in young patients with firearm-associated injuries. The purpose of this study was to define the burden of firearm-associated fractures (FAFs) in children and adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed the 2003-2012 Kids' Inpatient Database. Patients were grouped into 4 age groups: 0 to 4, 5 to 9, 10 to 14, and 15 to 20 years old...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727316/gun-violence-two-medical-students-hometown-connection-to-this-public-health-crisis
#18
Nicholas O Kuhl, Monica P Lieberman
The school shooting in Parkland, Florida in February 2018 left 17 people dead and countless other children and teachers with physical and psychological trauma that will require decades of healing. As Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School alumni and current medical students, the authors of this Invited Commentary contend that they are in a unique position to advocate on behalf of their neighbors, classmates, and future patients. Since the authors began medical school in 2015, there have been 19 mass shootings in the United States resulting in 253 deaths...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718257/the-role-of-epidemiology-in-firearm-violence-prevention-a-policy-brief
#19
Amy B Davis, James A Gaudino, Colin L Soskolne, Wael K Al-Delaimy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710093/comparison-of-rates-of-firearm-and-nonfirearm-homicide-and-suicide-in-black-and-white-non-hispanic-men-by-u-s-state
#20
Corinne A Riddell, Sam Harper, Magdalena Cerdá, Jay S Kaufman
Background: The extent to which differences in homicide and suicide rates in black versus white men vary by U.S. state is unknown. Objective: To compare the rates of firearm and nonfirearm homicide and suicide in black and white non-Hispanic men by U.S. state and to examine whether these deaths are associated with state prevalence of gun ownership. Design: Surveillance study. Setting: 50 states and the District of Columbia, 2008 to 2016...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
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