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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531301/a-political-case-of-penetrating-cranial-trauma-the-injury-of-james-scott-brady
#1
Richard Menger, Piyush Kalakoti, Rimal Hanif, Osama Ahmed, Anil Nanda, Bharat Guthikonda
James Brady, the White House press secretary during President Ronald Reagan's first term in office, was 1 of 4 people (including the President) wounded during an attempted assassination attempt on President Reagan's life on March 30, 1981. John Hinckley, Jr. was found not guilty of this attempt by reason of insanity. The assassination attempt was a ploy by Hinckley, Jr. to impress the actress Jodie Foster. Brady was the most seriously injured of the 4 who were wounded. He suffered a gunshot wound to the left forehead that traveled through the left frontal lobe, corpus callosum, and then into the right frontal and temporal lobes...
May 22, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530772/characteristics-of-the-injuries-of-syrian-refugees-sustained-during-the-civil-war
#2
Betül Kocamer Şimşek, Mehmet Dokur, Erdal Uysal, Necdet Çalıker, Oruç Numan Gökçe, İbrahim Kürşat Deniz, Murat Uğur, Murat Geyik, Mehmet Kaya, Güner Dağlı
BACKGROUND: During a war, many civilians are severely injured by firearms, bombs, and shrapnel. The triage of war injuries involves difficult and complicated processes requiring surgical procedures and patient monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of hospitals. In this study, we examine the demographic, traumatic, and critical care characteristics of cases injured during the civil war in Syria and requiring emergency surgery. METHODS: Electronic data of the traumatic, surgical, and ICU monitoring features of 707 patients admitted to Kilis Public Hospital between March 2012 and January 2013 were analyzed retrospectively RESULTS: Most of the patients reported having been injured due to firearms (83...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528277/determining-the-number-of-test-fires-needed-to-represent-the-variability-present-within-9mm-luger-firearms
#3
Eric F Law, Keith B Morris, Casey M Jelsema
Many studies have been performed in recent years in the field of firearm examination with the goal of providing an objective method for comparisons of fired cartridge cases. No published research to support the number of test fires needed to represent the variability present within the impressions left on a cartridge case could be found. When a suspect firearm is submitted to a firearm examiner, typically two to four test fires are performed. The recovered cartridge cases are compared to each other to determine which characteristics from the firearm are reproducing, and then compared to any cartridge cases collected at a crime scene...
May 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#4
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520491/firearm-related-laws-in-all-50-us-states-1991-2016
#5
Michael Siegel, Molly Pahn, Ziming Xuan, Craig S Ross, Sandro Galea, Bindu Kalesan, Eric Fleegler, Kristin A Goss
OBJECTIVES: To describe a new database containing detailed annual information on firearm-related laws in place in each of the 50 US states from 1991 to 2016 and to summarize key trends in firearm-related laws during this time period. METHODS: Using Thomson Reuters Westlaw data to access historical state statutes and session laws, we developed a database indicating the presence or absence of each of 133 provisions of firearm laws in each state over the 26-year period...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520488/firearm-legislation-and-fatal-police-shootings-in-the-united-states
#6
Aaron J Kivisto, Bradley Ray, Peter L Phalen
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether stricter firearm legislation is associated with rates of fatal police shootings. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional, state-level design to evaluate the effect of state-level firearm legislation on rates of fatal police shootings from January 1, 2015, through October 31, 2016. We measured state-level variation in firearm laws with legislative scorecards from the Brady Center, and for fatal police shootings we used The Counted, an online database maintained by The Guardian...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516826/fatalities-from-firearm-related-injuries-in-selected-governorates-of-iraq-2010-2013
#7
Maximilian P Nerlander, Eva Leidman, Ahmed Hassan, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Syed Jaffar Hussain, Lauren B Browne, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: In Iraq, where Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other groups have contributed to escalating violence in recent years, understanding the epidemiology of intentional firearm-related fatalities is essential for public health action. METHODS: The Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH; Baghdad, Iraq) compiles surveillance of fatal injuries in eight of Iraq's 18 governorates (Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya)...
May 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516339/holding-manufacturers-of-defective-firearms-to-account-does-restricting-liability-lawsuits-violate-the-second-amendment
#8
Neil J Nusbaum
Judicial and statutory developments since 2005 have placed considerable roadblocks in the way of legal efforts against the epidemic of gun violence in the United States. Although the Second Amendment is most often cited by those opposed to gun control, it offers a potential opportunity to be invoked in support of harm minimization.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514996/post-autopsy-computed-tomography-pros-and-cons-in-a-firearm-death
#9
Sindi Visentin, Guido Pelletti, Caterina Dengo, Maria De Matteis, Massimo Montisci
Many studies have focused on the importance of post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) prior to or in substitution of standard forensic autopsies in case of firearm death. However, due to the fact that PMCT is not routinely performed in all countries, in cases of death abroad it can happen that a CT scan is performed only after a first autopsy. A case of post-mortem re-examination, including the external examination and a post-autopsy computed tomography (PACT), of a gunshot victim of homicide in a foreign country is presented, and the pros and cons of imaging in post-autopsy setting are discussed...
May 1, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514283/addressing-the-public-health-epidemic-of-firearm-related-violence-in-america
#10
Peter T Masiakos, Andrew L Warshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513518/firearm-injuries-received-in-emergency-room-of-a-nigerian-teaching-hospital-aanalysis-of-pattern-morbidity-and-mortality
#11
N I Omoke
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and mortality associated with civilian firearm injury in developing countries is appreciable. The increasing incidence of gunshot casualties received in hospital emergency rooms is an emerging concern. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern and outcome of firearm injuries in a civilian setting of a developing country. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This was a retrospective analysis of data on the entire patients with firearm injury received in the emergency room of Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki from January 2005 to December 2014...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511737/suicide-in-older-adults-differences-between-the-young-old-middle-old-and-oldest-old
#12
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the limited research into suicides in older adults, they have been treated as a homogenous group without distinguishing between different age groups. This study aimed to compare differences in sociodemographic variables, recent life events, and mental and physical illnesses between three age groups within older adults who died by suicide: young-old (65-74 years), middle-old (75-84 years), and oldest old (85 years and over) in Queensland, Australia, during the years 2000-2012 (N = 978)...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510714/re-what-do-we-know-about-the-association-between-firearm-legislation-and-firearm-related-injuries
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493608/the-epidemiology-of-emergency-department-trauma-discharges-in-the-united-states
#14
Charles J DiMaggio, Jacob B Avraham, David C Lee, Spiros G Frangos, Stephen P Wall
OBJECTIVE: Injury related morbidity and mortality is an important emergency medicine and public health challenge in the United States (US). Here we describe the epidemiology of traumatic injury presenting to US emergency departments, define changes in types and causes of injury among the elderly and the young, characterize the role of trauma centers and teaching hospitals in providing emergency trauma care, and estimate the overall economic burden of treating such injuries. METHODS: We conducted a secondary retrospective, repeated cross-sectional study of the Nationwide Emergency Department Data Sample (NEDS), the largest all-payer emergency department survey database in the US...
May 11, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481962/the-association-between-urban-tree-cover-and-gun-assault-a-case-control-and-casecrossover-study
#15
Michelle C Kondo, Eugenia C South, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Douglas J Wiebe
Green space and vegetation may play a protective role for urban violence. We investigated whether being near urban tree cover during outdoor activities related to being assaulted with a gun. We conducted GIS-assisted interviews with 10- to 24-year old males in Philadelphia, PA including 135 patients who had been shot with a firearm and 274 community controls, between 2008-2011. Each subject reported a step-by-step mapped account of where and with whom they travelled over a full day from waking until being assaulted or going to bed...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474966/matricide-in-ghana-victims-offenders-and-offense-characteristics
#16
Mensah Adinkrah
At present, scholarship on matricide across many regions of the non-Western world is lacking. For instance, in Ghana, despite the intermittent, yet recurrent, availability of media reports describing matricidal acts over the past quarter century, no existing study has systematically analyzed matricidal killings in the West African nation. To contribute to the literature and extend knowledge about matricide and other forms of lethal violence in Ghana, this article presents the results of an analysis of 21 matricidal acts that occurred in Ghana from 1990 to 2016...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464307/statistical-approaches-to-type-determination-of-the-ejector-marks-on-cartridge-cases
#17
Eric M Warren, H David Sheets
While type determination on bullets has been performed for over a century, type determination on cartridge cases is often overlooked. Presented here is an example of type determination of ejector marks on cartridge cases from Glock and Smith & Wesson Sigma series pistols using Naïve Bayes and Random Forest classification methods. The shapes of ejector marks were captured from images of test-fired cartridge cases and subjected to multivariate analysis. Naïve Bayes and Random Forest methods were used to assign the ejector shapes to the correct class of firearm with success rates as high as 98%...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462425/handgun-acquisitions-in-california-after-two-mass-shootings
#18
David M Studdert, Yifan Zhang, Jonathan A Rodden, Rob J Hyndman, Garen J Wintemute
Background: Mass shootings are common in the United States. They are the most visible form of firearm violence. Their effect on personal decisions to purchase firearms is not well-understood. Objective: To determine changes in handgun acquisition patterns after the mass shootings in Newtown, Connecticut, in 2012 and San Bernardino, California, in 2015. Design: Time-series analysis using seasonal autoregressive integrated moving-average (SARIMA) models...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457327/an-epidemiologic-overview-of-13%C3%A2-years-of-firearm-hospitalizations-in-pennsylvania
#19
Brian W Gross, Alan D Cook, Cole D Rinehart, Caitlin A Lynch, Eric H Bradburn, Katherine A Bupp, Chet A Morrison, Frederick B Rogers
BACKGROUND: Gun violence is a controversial public health issue plagued by a lack of recent research. We sought to provide a 13-y overview of firearm hospitalizations in Pennsylvania, analyzing trends in mode, intent, and outcome. We hypothesized that no adjusted change in mortality or functional status at discharge (FSD) would be observed for gunshot wound (GSW) victims over the study period. METHODS: All admissions to the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study database from 2003 to 2015 were queried...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457218/a-10-year-analysis-of-head-and-neck-injuries-involving-nonpowder-firearms
#20
Kartik V Dandu, Eric T Carniol, Saurin Sanghvi, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
Objectives Firearms have an enduring and visible presence within American culture. However, the public health impact of nonpowder firearms and other "toy" guns has not been fully studied. These guns-including BB guns (ie, ball bearing), paintball guns, and pellet guns-are typically marketed to a younger audience. The objective of this study is to analyze head and neck injuries related to nonpowder firearms. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis of a national database. Setting Academic medical center. Subjects and Methods The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was queried for head and neck injuries involving nonpowder guns, including air, BB, and pellet guns, and associated ammunition...
May 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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