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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234200/childhood-maltreatment-public-service-system-contact-and-preventable-death-in-young-adulthood
#1
Melissa Jonson-Reid, Brett Drake, Patricia L Kohl
Data from a longitudinal cohort study of low-income children reported for maltreatment matched to similarly poor nonreported children were used to examine intentional and unintentional injury deaths in young adulthood. The goal was to examine the unique contribution of maltreatment history and identify other potential systems for preventive efforts. Maltreatment reports were associated with increased risk of injury-related death per 6-month intervals (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.09, p < .05). Young adults with histories of both status offenses and delinquent offenses were at greater risk for later death (HR = 2...
February 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230577/suicide-and-suicide-attempts-on-hospital-grounds-and-clinic-areas
#2
Peter D Mills, Bradley V Watts, Robin R Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe suicide and suicide attempts that occurred while the patient was on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas using root cause analysis (RCA) reports of these events in a national health care organization in the United States. METHOD: This is an observational review of all RCA reports of suicide and suicide attempts on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas in our system between December 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214757/staining-in-firearm-barrels-after-experimental-contact-shots
#3
C Schyma, K Bauer, J Brünig, C Courts, B Madea
After contact shots to the head biological traces inside firearm barrels can be found. This study was conducted to simulate and to evaluate such staining. Five current handguns of four inch barrel length in the calibre .22 long rifle, 7.65mm Browning, 9mm Luger and .38 special were used to perform 24 contact shots on silicone coated, gelatine filled box models using the triple contrast method. The staining was documented by endoscopy and swabs gathered from both ends of the barrel were analysed by quantitative PCR...
February 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207333/handgun-legislation-and-changes-in-statewide-overall-suicide-rates
#4
Michael D Anestis, Joye C Anestis, Sarah E Butterworth
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which 4 laws regulating handgun ownership were associated with statewide suicide rate changes. METHODS: To test between-group differences in statewide suicide rate changes between 2013 and 2014 in all 50 states and the District of Columbia with and without specific laws, we ran analyses of covariance. RESULTS: We found significant differences in suicide rate changes from 2013 to 2014 in states with mandatory waiting periods and universal background checks relative to states without such laws...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193713/firearm-carrying-and-concurrent-substance-use-behaviours-in-a-community-based-sample-of-emerging-adults
#5
Robert N Buschmann, John D Prochaska, Jacques G Baillargeon, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION: This paper examines associations between high-risk gun carrying and substance use in emerging adults (ages 18-22). The coexistence of these high-risk behaviours in a general population of emerging adults can have disastrous consequences. METHODS: Dating it Safe is an ongoing longitudinal (2010-2016) survey of emerging adults recruited from seven high schools in five south-east Texas-area school districts (current sample n=684). Multiple logistic regression modelling was used to examine the association between past-year use of legal and illegal substances and past-year firearm carrying for a reason other than sport or hunting...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183726/injury-region-and-risk-of-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-among-pediatric-trauma-patients
#6
Gretchen J Cutler, Anupam B Kharbanda, Jeffrey Nowak, Henry W Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between injury region and risk of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: Analyses included patients <19 years of age from the National Trauma Data Bank, during 2009-2011. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between injury region and odds of developing HAP stratified by age group. RESULTS: A total of 71 377 patients were eligible for analysis, and 1818 patients developed pneumonia...
February 9, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182606/elevated-blood-lead-levels-associated-with-retained-bullet-fragments-united-states-2003-2012
#7
Debora Weiss, Carrie D Tomasallo, Jon G Meiman, Walter Alarcon, Nathan M Graber, Kristine M Bisgard, Henry A Anderson
An estimated 115,000 firearm injuries occur annually in the United States, and approximately 70% are nonfatal (1). Retained bullet fragments (RBFs) are an infrequently reported, but important, cause of lead toxicity; symptoms are often nonspecific and can appear years after suffering a gunshot wound (2,3). Adult blood lead level (BLL) screening is most commonly indicated for monitoring of occupational lead exposure; routine testing of adults with RBFs is infrequent (3). States collaborate with CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to monitor elevated BLLs through the Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program (4,5)...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178967/geo-demographics-of-gunshot-wound-injuries-in-miami-dade-county-2002-2012
#8
Laura Zebib, Justin Stoler, Tanya L Zakrison
BACKGROUND: We evaluated correlates of gunshot wound (GSW) injuries in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Firearm-related injury has previously been linked to socio- and geo-demographic indicators such as occupation, income, neighborhood and race in other metropolitan areas, but remains understudied in Miami. METHODS: We reviewed 4,547 cases from a Level I trauma center's patient registry involving an intentional firearm-related injury occurring from 2002 to 2012. During this eleven-year study period, this trauma center was the only one in Miami-Dade County, and thus representative of countywide injuries...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177819/changing-patterns-in-rates-and-means-of-suicide-in-california-2005-to-2013
#9
Ellicott C Matthay, Jessica Galin, Jennifer Ahern
OBJECTIVES: To describe recent trends in suicide throughout California and to compare rates and methods of suicide ("means") across demographic groups. METHODS: Data from statewide mortality records were used to estimate age-adjusted rates of suicide from 2005 to 2013, overall and by means, age, gender, race/ethnicity, urbanicity, and county. RESULTS: The suicide rate increased 12.6% between 2005 and 2013, from 11.2 to 12.6 per 100 000 population, but this overall trend masks substantial heterogeneity across subgroups...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164258/the-epidemiology-of-homicide-perpetration-by-children
#10
David Hemenway, Sara J Solnick
BACKGROUND: The United States has by far the highest rates of homicide perpetration among high-income countries. The perpetration of homicide by children is often newsworthy, but little is known about the incidence or the circumstances of child homicide perpetration. METHODS: We use data from the sixteen states reporting to the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) for all years 2005-2012. We read every violent death report that was classified a homicide with a child suspect (aged 0-14)...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164044/accidental-bolt-gun-injury-to-femur-a-case-report
#11
Ravi Prasad Kattimani, Sanath Shetty, Humayun Mirza
INTRODUCTION: Bolt gun or slaughterer's guns are used in meat industry for "humane killing" of animals. Injuries caused by bolt gun are rare, reported exclusively from central European countries. We report a case of 28 year old male, who accidentally shot himself with a bolt gun to his right thigh. CASE REPORT: A 28 years old male presented to our Accident and Emergency department after accidental injury to his right thigh with bolt gun. He had an entry wound measuring 2 cm in length and 1 cm in breadth over anterior aspect of lower one third of thigh at lower and sustained Grade II compound fracture of right femur shaft at distal one third...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149826/firearm-injury-in-a-child-an-uncommon-case-of-penile-trauma
#12
Mustafa Erman Dorterler, Mehmet Emin Boleken
Genitourinary system injuries generally occur due to blunt and penetrating trauma. Approximately 10% of all injuries encountered in the emergency department are related to the genitourinary system. Male genital trauma is a urological emergency because of the high risk of infection and the priority of protecting the sexual, endocrine, and reproductive functions. Blunt injuries to the penis are more often seen due to the mobility and localization of the penis than due to penetrating injuries caused by firearms or cutting instruments...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146597/using-plan-do-study-act-cycle-to-enhance-completeness-of-suicide-firearm-reporting
#13
Yongwen Jiang, Shannon Young, Karen Foss, Magaly Angeloni, Erica Norcini, Samara Viner-Brown
The Rhode Island Violent Death Reporting System (RIVDRS) collects comprehensive surveillance data on violent deaths to support violence prevention programs in Rhode Island and nationwide. Successful collection of firearm information is critical to understanding gun violence in public health. A recent quality improvement (QI) project was performed to improve gun information collection in the RIVDRS program. Our aim was to increase the presence of firearm model information for 2014 suicides from 50% to 80% by December 31, 2015...
February 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142384/the-cumulative-burden-of-mental-substance-use-and-general-medical-disorders-and-rehospitalization-and-mortality-after-an-injury
#14
Douglas F Zatzick, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Jin Wang, Joan Russo, Doyanne Darnell, Leah Ingraham, Lauren K Whiteside, Roxanne Guiney, Margot Kelly Hedrick, Frederick P Rivara
OBJECTIVE: Each year in the United States, 1.5-2.5 million individuals require hospitalization for an injury. Multiple mental, substance use, and chronic general medical disorders are endemic among injury survivors with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI), yet few studies have assessed the association between the cumulative burden of these conditions and health care outcomes. This study of patients hospitalized for an injury assessed associations between comorbid mental, substance use, and general medical disorders, TBI, and violent events or suicide attempts and the postinjury outcomes of recurrent hospitalization and death...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139108/-late-presentation-of-traumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#15
J R Leiva Flores, J I Ramírez Rivera, M E Ramírez Rivera
Four years old male, who was operated four months ago to present chest injuries caused by a firearm projectile, where injuries in the diaphragm were not observed. Now is admitted because of an intestinal obstruction. By medial laparotomy, a defect of 3 cm in diameter was exposed in the left diaphragm, containing a transverse colonic segment of 5 cm and omentum. The treatment performed is described.
April 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137977/firearms-alcohol-and-crime-convictions-for-driving-under-the-influence-dui-and-other-alcohol-related-crimes-and-risk-for-future-criminal-activity-among-authorised-purchasers-of-handguns
#16
Garen J Wintemute, Mona A Wright, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Aaron Shev, Magdalena Cerdá
Firearm violence frequently involves alcohol, but there are no studies of misuse of alcohol and risk for future violence among firearm owners. We examined the association between prior convictions for alcohol-related crimes, chiefly driving under the influence (DUI), and risk of subsequent arrest among 4066 individuals who purchased handguns in California in 1977. During follow-up through 1991, 32.8% of those with prior alcohol-related convictions and 5.7% of those with no prior criminal history were arrested for a violent or firearm-related crime; 15...
January 30, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134675/firearm-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Cordelia W Carter, Melinda S Sharkey, Felicity Fishman
Firearm injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children and adolescents in the United States and take financial and emotional tolls on the affected children, their families, and society as a whole. Musculoskeletal injuries resulting from firearms are common and may involve bones, joints, and neurovascular structures and other soft tissues. Child-specific factors that must be considered in the setting of gunshot injuries include physeal arrest and lead toxicity. Understanding the ballistics associated with various types of weaponry is useful for guiding orthopaedic surgical treatment...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130901/trauma-center-youth-violence-screening-and-brief-interventions-a-multisite-pilot-feasibility-study
#18
Donna M Kazemi, David G Jacobs, Sharon G Portwood, Laura Veach, Weihua Zhou, Melissa Johnson Hurley
Every day, 16 American youths between the ages of 10 and 24 years are murdered; 84% of these fatalities involve a firearm. Nearly half of traumatic youth deaths result from violence-related injuries. In 2013, 580,250 youth suffered nonfatal, assault-related injuries, necessitating emergency department treatment. The aim of this multisite pilot study was to examine the process, feasibility, and challenges of violence brief interventions (VBIs). The participants were youth between 15 and 25 years of age, at 2 major Level 1 trauma centers (TCs; TC1, TC2) in the Southeastern United States...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130678/local-residential-segregation-matters-stronger-association-of-census-tract-compared-to-conventional-city-level-measures-with-fatal-and-non-fatal-assaults-total-and-firearm-related-using-the-index-of-concentration-at-the-extremes-ice-for-racial-economic-and
#19
Nancy Krieger, Justin M Feldman, Pamela D Waterman, Jarvis T Chen, Brent A Coull, David Hemenway
Research on residential segregation and health, primarily conducted in the USA, has chiefly employed city or regional measures of racial segregation. To test our hypothesis that stronger associations would be observed using local measures, especially for racialized economic segregation, we analyzed risk of fatal and non-fatal assault in Massachusetts (1995-2010), since this outcome is strongly associated with residential segregation. The segregation metrics comprised the Index of Concentration at the Extremes (ICE), the Index of Dissimilarity, and poverty rate, with measures computed at both the census tract and city/town level...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123211/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-rates-of-traumatic-injury-in-arizona-2011-2012
#20
Vatsal Chikani, Maureen Brophy, Anne Vossbrink, Robyn N Blust, Mary Benkert, Chris Salvino, Conrad Diven, Rogelio Martinez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the rates of traumatic injury among five racial/ethnic groups in Arizona and to identify which mechanisms and intents of traumatic injury were predominant in each group. METHODS: We obtained 2011 and 2012 data on traumatic injury from Arizona's trauma registry and data on mortality from Arizona's death registry. We calculated location- and age-adjusted rates (aRs) of traumatic injury and rates of mortality per 100,000 Arizona residents and rate ratios (RRs) for each racial/ethnic group...
September 2016: Public Health Reports
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