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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426482/legislative-strategies-to-reduce-the-toll-of-firearm-injuries-in-america
#1
John Maa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426478/advocating-for-a-sensible-firearm-injury-prevention-plan
#2
Peter T Masiakos, Andrew L Warshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426305/us-public-opinion-on-carrying-firearms-in-public-places
#3
Julia A Wolfson, Stephen P Teret, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVES: To estimate US public opinion, overall and by gun ownership status, about the public places where legal gun owners should be allowed to carry firearms. METHODS: We fielded an online survey among 3949 adults, including an oversample of gun owners and veterans, in April 2015. We used cross-tabulations with survey weights to generate nationally representative estimates. RESULTS: Fewer than 1 in 3 US adults supported gun carrying in any of the specified venues...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426304/a-significant-and-quiet-threat-to-public-health-in-the-united-states-state-preemption
#4
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Mark Pertschuk
State and local governments traditionally protect the health and safety of their populations more strenuously than does the federal government. Preemption, when a higher level of government restricts or withdraws the authority of a lower level of government to act on a particular issue, was historically used as a point of negotiation in the legislative process. More recently, however, 3 new preemption-related issues have emerged that have direct implications for public health. First, multiple industries are working on a 50-state strategy to enact state laws preempting local regulation...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423460/individual-and-neighborhood-characteristics-of-children-seeking-emergency-department-care-for-firearm-injuries-within-the-pecarn-network
#5
Patrick M Carter, Lawrence J Cook, Michelle L Macy, Mark R Zonfrillo, Rachel M Stanley, James M Chamberlain, Joel A Fein, Elizabeth R Alpern, Rebecca Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of children seeking emergency care for firearm injuries within the PECARN network, and assess the influence of both individual and neighborhood factors on firearm-related injury risk. METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicenter cross-sectional analysis of children (<19-years-old) presenting to 16 pediatric EDs (2004-2008). ICD-9-CM E-codes were used to identify and categorize firearm injuries by mechanism/intent. Neighborhood variables were derived from home address data...
April 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422921/population-based-estimate-of-trauma-related-deaths-for-law-enforcement-personnel-risks-for-death-are-higher-and-increasing-over-time
#6
Alexander L Eastman, Michael W Cripps, Kareem R Abdelfattah, Kenji Inaba, Thomas G Weiser, David A Spain, Kristan L Staudenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related deaths remain an important public health problem. One group susceptible to death due to traumatic mechanisms is U.S. Law Enforcement (LE). We hypothesized that LE officers experienced a higher chance of violent death compared to the general U.S. population and that risks have increased over time. METHODS: The National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS) is a population-based survey of occupational deaths...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418431/body-burdens-sources-and-interrelations-of-selected-toxic-and-essential-elements-among-the-nine-cree-first-nations-of-eeyou-istchee-james-bay-region-of-northern-quebec-canada
#7
Evert Nieboer, Ian D Martin, Eric N Liberda, Eric Dewailly, Elizabeth Robinson, Leonard J S Tsuji
BACKGROUND: this article constitutes a report on the comprehensive Nituuchischaayihtitaau Aschii multi-community environment-and-health study conducted among the Cree peoples (Eeyouch) of northern Quebec, Canada. OBJECTIVES: to interpret observed concentrations of a suite of chemical elements in a multi-media biological monitoring study in terms of sources and predictors. METHODS: the concentrations of 5 essential and 6 toxic chemical elements were measured in whole blood, and/or in urine or hair by ICP-MS...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414392/firearm-injury-prevention-the-role-of-the-clinician
#8
M Denise Dowd
More than 2,500 people younger than age 20 years die due to a firearm injury annually in the United States, and thousands more suffer injuries that are nonfatal. With nearly one firearm for every American in the US, exposure to a gun at some point during childhood or adolescence is highly likely. The high number of fatalities caused by firearms emphasizes the importance of primary prevention. This article calls on pediatricians to use their advantage as child development experts to discuss firearm injury prevention in clinical practice via a pragmatic and nonjudgmental approach...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#9
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402707/physicians-firearms-and-free-speech-overturning-florida-s-firearm-safety-gag-rule
#10
Wendy E Parmet, Jason A Smith, Matthew Miller
In February, the full U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit issued its long-awaited ruling in Wollschlaeger v. Governor, State of Florida, invalidating parts of Florida’s Firearm Owners’ Privacy Act (FOPA) and affirming that the First Amendment applies to the speech between physicians and..
April 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399354/epidemiology-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-shumadia-district-serbia-a-fifteen-year-retrospective-study
#11
Snežana Radovanović, Dragan Vasiljević, Mirjana Milosavljević, Ivana Simić-Vukomanović, Svetlana Radević, Nataša Mihailović, Sanja Kocić
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze epidemiological characteristics of suicide, as well as to emphasize possible risk factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, covering the period of fifteen years (1996-2010), which aims at discovering the relevant factors which have an influence on suicidal behaviour. This research uses the data from the documentation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia and Police Department in Kragujevac, hospitalization reports of patients treated at Psychiatric Clinic of the Clinical Centre Kragujevac, as well as the medical records of patients treated at the Health Centre Kragujevac...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399080/-the-modeling-of-the-ricochet-shot-fired-from-a-light-weapon
#12
A O Gusentsov, V A Chuchko, E M Kil'dyushev, E V Tumanov
The objective of the present study was to choose the optimal method for the modeling of the glance of a bullet after hitting a target under conditions of the laboratory experiment. The study required the designing and construction of an original device for the modeling of the rebound effect of a light-firearm shot under experimental conditions. The device was tested under conditions of the laboratory experiment. The trials have demonstrated the possibility of using barriers of different weight and dimensions in the above device, their positioning and fixation depending on the purpose of the experiment, dynamic alteration of its conditions with due regard for the safety and security arrangements to protect the health and life of the experimenters without compromising the statistical significance and scientific validity of the results of the experiments...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398796/the-cost-of-firearm-violence-survivorship
#13
Bindu Kalesan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395357/development-of-the-safety-score-a-clinical-screening-tool-for-predicting-future-firearm-violence-risk
#14
Jason E Goldstick, Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Linda L Dahlberg, Steven A Sumner, Marc A Zimmerman, Rebecca M Cunningham
Background: Interpersonal firearm violence among youth is a substantial public health problem, and emergency department (ED) physicians require a clinical screening tool to identify high-risk youth. Objective: To derive a clinically feasible risk index for firearm violence. Design: 24-month prospective cohort study. Setting: Urban level 1 ED. Participants: Substance-using youths, age 14 to 24 years, seeking ED care for an assault-related injury and a proportionately sampled group of non-assault-injured youth enrolled from September 2009 through December 2011...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392030/an-unusual-exit-wound-as-a-result-of-a-shotgun-suicide-to-the-head
#15
S N Kunz
The location of a gunshot entrance wound as well as the wound path trajectory are the main findings that help to determine the position from which a weapon was fired and thus distinguish firearm suicides from homicides and accidents. We present a case of a 28-year old man, who was found dead in his car. Because of an unusual position of the firearm, which was clamped into the steering wheel, and an unclear entrance/exit wound, an autopsy was performed. The deceased showed typical signs of a contact shotgun wound to the head with an entrance wound in the right temporal region and an exit wound in the midface...
March 30, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389329/associations-between-active-shooter-incidents-and-gun-ownership-and-storage-among-families-with-young-children-in-the-united-states
#16
Taryn W Morrissey
The presence of firearms and their unsafe storage in the home can increase risk of firearm-related death and injury, but public opinion suggests that firearm ownership is a protective factor against gun violence. This study examined the effects of a recent nearby active shooter incident on gun ownership and storage practices among families with young children. A series of regression models, with data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort merged with the FBI's Active Shooter Incidents data collected in 2003-2006, were used to examine whether household gun ownership and storage practices differed in the months prior to and following an active shooter incident that occurred anywhere in the United States or within the same state...
April 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385861/risk-of-firearm-injuries-among-children-and-youth-of-immigrant-families
#17
Natasha R Saunders, Hannah Lee, Alison Macpherson, Jun Guan, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries contribute to substantial morbidity and mortality. The immigrant paradox suggests that, despite being more socially disadvantaged, immigrants are less likely than nonimmigrants to have poor outcomes. We tested the association of immigrant characteristics with firearm injuries among children and youth. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study involving residents of Ontario aged 24 years and younger from 2008-2012 using health and administrative databases...
March 27, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384886/a-crime-scene-fabricated-as-suicide
#18
Rrg Sriyantha Amararatne, Muditha Vidanapathirana
When ascertaining the manner of death, the forensic pathologist should be careful, because in some instances, attempts are made by the criminals to conceal homicides as suicides. The case under discussion highlights the contribution of the forensic pathologist in the ascertainment of the manner in firearm deaths. The deceased was a poacher and his dead body was found in a cashew land with his shotgun lying over him. The shirt had a roughly circular defect with muzzle mark, and burnt and blackened margin. Beneath that, on front of the left upper chest a 2cm diameter circular, perforated laceration, with muzzle imprint and, burnt and blackened margin was found...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378323/trends-in-officer-involved-firearm-deaths-in-oklahoma-from-2000-to-2015
#19
Kyla M Jorgenson, Andrea L Wiens, Eric A Pfeifer, Joshua Lanter
The purpose of this study was to collect data and disseminate trends in officer-involved firearm deaths in Oklahoma from 2000 to 2015. The Oklahoma Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) database was searched for civilian decedents with gunshot wounds inflicted by law enforcement officers and officer decedents with gunshot wounds inflicted by civilians. Five decedents were law enforcement officers, while 274 decedents were civilians. The number of civilian decedents throughout the study followed a quadratic trend...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376827/lead-exposure-at-firing-ranges-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Mark A S Laidlaw, Gabriel Filippelli, Howard Mielke, Brian Gulson, Andrew S Ball
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is a toxic substance with well-known, multiple, long-term, adverse health outcomes. Shooting guns at firing ranges is an occupational necessity for security personnel, police officers, members of the military, and increasingly a recreational activity by the public. In the United States alone, an estimated 16,000-18,000 firing ranges exist. Discharge of Pb dust and gases is a consequence of shooting guns. METHODS: The objectives of this study are to review the literature on blood lead levels (BLLs) and potential adverse health effects associated with the shooting population...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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