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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938218/late-life-suicide-prevention-strategies-current-status-and-future-directions
#1
REVIEW
Kim Van Orden, Charlene Deming
Late life suicide prevention differs from suicide prevention for other age groups: first, the number of older adults worldwide is on the rise; second, late-life suicide receives much less attention in all societal spheres, from the media, to federal funding agencies, to healthcare initiatives. Recent findings indicate an association between internalized ageist stereotypes and reduced will to live. Recent research also addresses the role of cognitive control as a contributor to risk and as an intervention target (e...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930066/alcohol-policies-and-alcohol-involved-homicide-victimization-in-the-united-states
#2
Timothy S Naimi, Ziming Xuan, Sharon M Coleman, Marlene C Lira, Scott E Hadland, Susanna E Cooper, Timothy C Heeren, Monica H Swahn
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between the alcohol policy environment and alcohol involvement in homicide victims in the United States, overall and by sociodemographic groups. METHOD: To characterize the alcohol policy environment, the presence, efficacy, and degree of implementation of 29 alcohol policies were used to determine Alcohol Policy Scale (APS) scores by state and year. Data about homicide victims from 17 states from 2003 to 2012 were obtained from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929910/armed-and-aging-dementia-and-firearms-do-not-mix
#3
Gabriele Cipriani, Sabrina Danti, Cecilia Carlesi, Mario Di Fiorino
The possibility that persons with dementia possess firearms is cause for concern, but only a limited amount of research has been conducted on such a topic, usually in the form of case reports. Reducing the occurrence of the firearms-related violence requires effectively identifying dangerous individuals and keeping firearms out of their hands. The health care professionals, i.e. the social workers and the physicians, need to work together and to produce a suitable evaluation of patients with dementia to prevent firearm-related injuries and serious and irreparable damage to persons...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922206/hidden-costs-of-hospitalization-after-firearm-injury-national-analysis-of-different-hospital-readmission
#4
Rishi Rattan, Joshua Parreco, Nicholas Namias, Gerd D Pust, D Dante Yeh, Tanya L Zakrison
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk factors and costs associated with readmission after firearm injury nationally, including different hospitals. BACKGROUND: No national studies capture readmission to different hospitals after firearm injury. METHODS: The 2013 to 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for patients admitted after firearm injury. Logistic regression identified risk factors for 30-day same and different hospital readmission...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893406/legal-access-to-alcohol-and-criminality
#5
Benjamin Hansen, Glen R Waddell
Previous research has found strong evidence that legal access to alcohol is associated with sizable increases in criminality. We revisit this relationship using the census of judicial records on criminal charges filed in Oregon Courts, the ability to separately track crimes involving firearms, and to track individuals over time. We find that crime increases at age 21, with increases mostly due to assaults that lack premeditation, and alcohol-related nuisance crimes. We find no evident increases in rape or robbery...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888336/pediatric-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-in-the-united-states
#6
Deborah L McBride
Guns are the third leading cause of death of those aged 1 to 17years, outpaced only by unintentional injuries such as car crashes and drowning, and illnesses like cancer according to a new federal study. The new study, which has been called the most comprehensive examination of current firearms-related deaths and injury among children in the United States used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Violent Death Reporting System to assess the magnitude and characteristics of firearm-related deaths and injuries among children (age 0-17years) from 2002 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888283/in-home-firearm-access-among-us-adolescents-and-the-role-of-religious-subculture-results-from-a-nationally-representative-study
#7
Samuel Stroope, Joshua C Tom
Religious participation is linked to numerous positive safety outcomes for adolescents. Scant attention, however, has been paid to associations between religious participation and safety risks among adolescents. Using data from Add Health (N = 18,449), a nationally representative school-based sample of US adolescents, this study examines the relationship between adolescents' religious affiliation and easy access to firearms at home. Regression analyses adjust for complex sampling design and compare easy firearm access at home among conservative Protestant adolescents to adolescent firearm access in other religious traditions...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882377/lasting-impression-of-violence-retained-bullets-and-depressive-symptoms
#8
Randi N Smith, Mark J Seamon, Vinayak Kumar, Andrew Robinson, Justine Shults, Patrick M Reilly, Therese S Richmond
BACKGROUND: Over 70,000 nonfatal firearm injuries occur in the US annually, frequently leaving victims injured with retained bullets. The long-term psychological risks associated with retained bullets remains unstudied. By serving as a constant reminder of injury, we hypothesized that the presence of retained bullets after firearm injury is associated with increased PTSD and depression symptom severity. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study (2013-2015) of Black male survivors of firearm injury at an urban Level I trauma center...
September 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874943/loaded-questions-internet-commenters-opinions-on-physician-patient-firearm-safety-conversations
#9
Christopher E Knoepke, Amanda Allen, Megan L Ranney, Garen J Wintemute, Daniel D Matlock, Marian E Betz
INTRODUCTION: Medical and public health societies advocate that healthcare providers (HCPs) counsel at-risk patients to reduce firearm injury risk. Anonymous online media comments often contain extreme viewpoints and may therefore help in understanding challenges of firearm safety counseling. To help inform injury prevention efforts, we sought to examine commenters' stated opinions regarding firearm safety counseling HCPs. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive analysis of online comments posted following news items (in May-June, 2016) about a peer-reviewed publication addressing when and how HCPs should counsel patients regarding firearms...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869850/the-incidence-and-epidemiology-of-eldercide-in-the-city-of-johannesburg-south-africa
#10
Sizakele Buthelezi, Lu-Anne Swart, Mohamed Seedat
The current study describes the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of eldercide (homicides among victims aged 60 years and older) in Johannesburg for the period 2001 to 2010. A retrospective population-based study was conducted on cases drawn from the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System. A total of 557 eldercides were recorded by NIMSS for the study period with an average annual rate of 23.1 per 100 000. The average annual rate for males was 42.4 per 100 000 and 8.9 per 100 000 for females...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869802/deadly-experience-the-association-between-firing-a-gun-and-various-aspects-of-suicide-risk
#11
Michael D Anestis, Daniel W Capron
Firearms account for half of all U.S. suicide deaths, but research on mechanisms through which firearms confer risk is limited. Although research has indicated firearm ownership and the unsafe storage of firearms are associated with an elevated risk of suicide, such research cannot provide insight into the extent to which a history of using a gun plays a role. We recruited a community sample (N = 100; 76% female; 44% Black) oversampled for prior suicidal behavior in a high gun ownership state (Mississippi)...
September 4, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869064/multiple-correspondence-analysis-as-a-strategy-to-explore-the-association-between-categories-of-qualitative-variables-related-to-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-and-violent-crimes-at-the-community-level
#12
Í de Macedo Bernardino, L M Santos, A V P Ferreira, T L M de Almeida Lima, L M da Nóbrega, S d'Avila
The main objective of this study was to show the applicability of multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) in the detection and representation of underlying structures in large datasets used to investigate oral-maxillofacial lesions. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving the analysis of the medical-forensic and social records of 992 people who experienced oral-maxillofacial trauma resulting from non-fatal violent crimes that occurred in the community. Based on the MCA results, two distinct victim profiles were identified...
August 28, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866240/an-investigation-into-artefacts-formed-during-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-firearms-propellant-that-contains-diphenylamine-as-the-stabiliser
#13
Paul Pigou, Genevieve H Dennison, Martin Johnston, Hilton Kobus
In the course of providing assistance to legal counsel in a matter that involved the analysis of firearms propellant by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry it was noticed that phenoxazine was reported as a component of 0.22 calibre propellant that contained diphenylamine as the stabiliser. The research was conducted to find how phenoxazine was formed. The results showed that the compound was not phenoxazine but a diphenylamine derivative 4-(phenylimino) cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one that formed in the injection port of the gas chromatograph...
August 24, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844536/us-pediatric-trauma-patient-unplanned-30-day-readmissions
#14
Krista K Wheeler, Junxin Shi, Henry Xiang, Rajan K Thakkar, Jonathan I Groner
PURPOSE: We sought to determine readmission rates and risk factors for acutely injured pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: We produced 30-day unplanned readmission rates for pediatric trauma patients using the 2013 National Readmission Database (NRD). RESULTS: In US pediatric trauma patients, 1.7% had unplanned readmissions within 30days. The readmission rate for patients with index operating room procedures was no higher at 1.8%. Higher readmission rates were seen in patients with injury severity scores (ISS)=16-24 (3...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838022/-characteristics-and-treatment-strategies-for-penetrating-injuries-on-the-example-of-gunshot-and-blast-victims-without-ballistic-body-armour-in-afghanistan-2009%C3%A2-%C3%A2-2013
#15
Christoph Güsgen, Arnulf Willms, Ines Richardsen, Dan Bieler, Erwin Kollig, Robert Schwab
Much like other countries, Germany has recently seen terrorist attacks being planned, executed or prevented at the last minute. This highlights the need for expertise in the treatment of penetrating torso traumas by bullets or explosions. Data on the treatment of firearm injuries and, even more so, blast injuries often stems from crises or war regions. However, it is difficult to compare injuries from such regions with injuries from civilian terrorist attacks due to the ballistic body protection (protective vests, body armour) worn by soldiers...
August 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835280/epidemiological-study-of-suicide-by-physical-methods-between-1993-and-2013-in-ilam-province-iran
#16
Yosra Azizpour, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Khairollah Asadollahi, Satar Kaikhavani, Maryam Bagheri
BACKGROUND: Suicide by aggressive physical methods such as firearms, hanging, and jumping is well known; however, different factors may influence a person while selecting a particular method. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological factors involved in the selection and use of different physical methods for suicide over a long-term period in Ilam province, Iran. METHODS: The present study was conducted retrospectively between 1993 and 2013 using recorded data from a comprehensive system for registration of suicide attempts in Ilam University of Medical Sciences...
August 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834580/the-physical-effects-of-contact-and-close-distance-gunfire-on-sweatshirt-fleece
#17
Michael A Kusluski
Powder stippling caused by the impact of propellant particles during close-distance gunfire has been previously described on skin and solid objects only. Additionally, radial tearing has been described as clear evidence of a contact-distance shot, requiring no further testing. Patterns of discrete perforating holes (referred to here as "stippling perforations") and other physical damage on sweatshirt fleece fabrics were prepared. Using the firearm and ammunition in this study, stippling perforations were observed to a maximum muzzle-to-target distance of 35 cm (10 inches)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833472/youth-suicide-deaths-investigation-of-clinical-predictors-in-a-statewide-sample
#18
Brooks R Keeshin, Doug Gray, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson, Hilary Coon
Death by suicide is a significant cause of mortality among youth. However, there is limited information on the demographic and clinical factors associated with youth suicide deaths. The objective of this study was to link large statewide databases to describe demographic, clinical, and cause of death characteristics among youth who died by suicide. We examined 1,218 decedents under age 26 who died by suicie between 2000 and 2014. Eighteen died before age 12, 53 died between ages 12 and 14, 292 died between ages 15 and 18, and 855 died between ages 19 and 25...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832596/femicide-in-turkey-between-2000-and-2010
#19
Sadik Toprak, Gokhan Ersoy
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important problem that threatens women's health, very few studies focus on the victim-perpetrator relationship or examine this relationship across Turkey. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of femicide cases in Turkey and to describe the socio-demographic, clinical, forensic, and criminological characteristics of femicide victims and offenders. This study analysed 162 femicide cases that occurred in 12 cities in Turkey from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832274/male-and-female-single-victim-sexual-homicide-offenders-distinguishing-the-types-of-weapons-used-in-killing-their-victims
#20
Heng Choon Oliver Chan, Kathleen M Heide, Eric Beauregard
Most studies have focused on male sexual homicide offenders (SHOs) without testing whether sex differences exist. Accordingly, little is known about the distinctions between male and female SHOs, particularly with respect to their use of weapons in killing their victims. This study used a sample of 3,160 single-victim sexual homicide cases (3,009 male and 151 female offenders) from the U.S. Supplementary Homicide Reports database to explore sex differences in the types of murder weapons used by offenders in killing victims over the 37-year period 1976 to 2012...
August 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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