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Yenupini Joyce Adams, Manfred Stommel, Adejoke Ayoola, Mildred Horodynski, Address Malata, Barbara Smith
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine women's evaluation of postpartum care services (postpartum clinical assessments, health education, and midwife kindness) received from midwives prior to discharge in rural health facilities, and to examine husband-and-wife-farmer dyads' reasons for their decisions to return or not return for 1-week postpartum care visits in rural central Malawi. DESIGN: Cross-sectional matched-pairs survey design. METHODS: Participants included a convenience sample of 70 husband-and-wife-farmer dyads living in rural communities who had a live birth in the past year at one of four health facilities in Ntcheu district, central Malawi...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Yasutaka Tajima, Mariko Matsumura, Hiroaki Yaguchi, Yasunori Mito
In rare instances, recipients of organ transplants from human T-lymphotropic virus type I- (HTLV-I-) positive donors reportedly developed neurologic symptoms due to HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM). We present herein two cases of HAM associated with renal transplantation from HTLV-I seropositive living-donors. The first patient was a 42-year-old woman with chronic renal failure for twelve years and seronegative for HTLV-I. She underwent renal transplantation with her HTLV-I seropositive mother as the donor, and she developed HAM three years after the transplantation...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Niall McCrae
With a spring in his step, lecturer Jeroen Ensink left his suburban London home to post cards to his many friends around the world, announcing the arrival of his baby daughter. Seconds later his life was over. A young man had pounced, and in a state of frenzy, savagely stabbed his random victim (Daily Mail, 4 January 2016). As psychiatric patient Femi Nandap begins detention in a high-security institution, we should spare some thought for Jeroen's wife, and his only child. This article is protected by copyright...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Sentaro Imamura, Shintaro Narita, Ryuta Nishikomori, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Kazuyuki Numakura, Atsushi Maeno, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Nanjo, Toshio Heike, Shigeru Satoh, Tomonori Habuchi
BACKGROUND: Secondary bladder amyloidosis is an extremely rare disease, resulting from a chronic systematic inflammatory disorder associated with amyloid deposits. Although uncommon in Japan, familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of fever of short duration and serositis and is frequently associated with systemic amyloidosis. Here, we present a case of a Japanese patient complaining of fever and macroscopic hematuria after a living donor renal transplantation...
October 19, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Maggie L Syme, Erin Yelland, Laci Cornelison, Judith L Poey, Ryan Krajicek, Gayle Doll
PURPOSE: We examined public opinion of sexual expression and dementia to inform nursing home policy and practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: A content analysis was conducted on public comments (N=1194) posted in response to a New York Times article about a highly publicized legal case involving a husband engaging in sexual acts with his wife who had dementia, living in a nursing home. Researchers utilized constant comparative analysis to code the comments; reliability analysis showed moderately strong agreement at the subcategory level...
October 5, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Fenglian Xu, Elizabeth Sullivan, Colin Binns, Caroline S E Homer
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders of women during the postnatal period are a major public health problem. Compared with women's mental disorders, much less attention has been paid to men's mental disorders in the perinatal period. To date, there have been no reports in the literature describing secular changes of both maternal and paternal hospital admissions for mental disorders over the period covering the year before pregnancy (non-parents), during pregnancy (expectant parents) and up to the first year after birth (parents) based on linked parental data...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
Thomas J Littlejohns, Ruth C Travis, Tim J Key, Naomi E Allen
BACKGROUND: The central role of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing in the diagnosis of prostate cancer leads to the possibility that observational studies that report associations between risk factors and prostate cancer could be affected by detection bias. This study aims to investigate whether reported risk factors for prostate cancer are associated with PSA testing in a large middle-aged population-based cohort in the UK. METHODS: The cross-sectional association between a wide range of sociodemographic, lifestyle, dietary and health characteristics with PSA testing was examined in 212,039 men aged 40-69 years in UK Biobank...
September 29, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Julia Anna Matz
This study sheds light on the development of family structures in a polygamous context with a particular emphasis on wife order, and offers an explanation for the association between outcomes of children and the status of their mothers among wives based on observable maternal characteristics. In a simple framework, I propose that selection into rank among wives with respect to female productivity takes place: highly productive women are more strongly demanded in the marriage market than less productive women, giving them a higher chance of becoming first wives...
October 2016: Demography
Min Hee Kim, Ruth E Dunkle, Amanda J Lehning, Huei-Wern Shen, Sheila Feld, Angela K Perone
Framed by Pearlin's Stress Process Model, this study prospectively examines the effects of primary stress factors reflecting the duration, amount, and type of care on the depressive symptoms of spousal caregivers over a 2-year period, and whether the effects of stressors differ between husbands and wives. Data are from the 2004 and 2006 waves of the Health and Retirement Study and we included community-dwelling respondents providing activities of daily life (ADL) and/or instrumental activities of daily life (IADL) help to their spouses/partners (N = 774)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Thomas Leopold, Jan Skopek
OBJECTIVES: To examine how transitions to retirement influenced the division of household labor in dual earner couples. We tested hypotheses about changes (a) between a couple's preretirement and postretirement stage and (b) across the transitional phase during which both spouses retired. METHOD: We estimated fixed-effects models for the effects of the husband's and the wife's retirement on changes in their hours and share of routine housework. The data came from 29 waves of the German Socio-economic Panel Study, comprising N = 31,040 annual observations of N = 3,288 dual earner couples aged 45 to 75 years...
September 23, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Shahla Siddiqui
OBJECTIVES: We describe a case where a patient at the end of life with an advanced medical directive in place presents to the ED in distress. CASE REPORT: Our case is of a middle aged male with advanced cancer who presents in the ED with his family in respiratory distress requiring intubation. Even though his advanced medical directive states not for prolonged life sustaining support his wife and daughters plead with the physicians to save his life in order to end his suffering as well as prepare them for a more peaceful death...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Asit Kumar Sikary, Rajanikanta Swain, Shivani Dhaka, Sudhir K Gupta, Abhishek Yadav
In suicide pact, two or more victims mutually agree and execute to end their lives together by predetermined method, preferably by hanging, drowning, gunshot, or poisoning. The victims are usually spouses, lovers, or friends, and the reasons behind such steps are various. In this reported suicide pact, husband-wife duo jumped from the terrace of a 12-meter-high building with their wrist bound to each other. Although they jumped together, the injury patterns were completely different. The man landed on head sustaining mainly craniocerebral injuries, and the wife landed on feet sustaining long bone injuries...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Adir Adler, Adital Ben-Ari
The phenomenon of mixed-orientation marriages, in which one of the partners is straight and the other is non-straight, is invisible, yet not insignificant. Focusing on gay and bisexual men who are married to straight women, this article was designed to explore one of the essential themes in their relationship: the dynamics between secrecy and openness regarding the men's sexual orientation and gay practices. Based on the phenomenological paradigm, 38 men and eight women of mixed-orientation marriages in Israel were interviewed and shared their subjective life reality...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Paul E Kopperman, Jeanne Abrams
While the vocation of Cotton Mather (1663-1728) was his ministry in Boston, he made important contributions to medicine, most famously in helping to introduce variolation to New England in 1721-22 and in writing The Angel of Bethesda (1724), the first medical treatise produced in Colonial North America. This article, however, focuses on an earlier initiative, Mather's efforts to quell the epidemic of measles that struck Boston in 1713, killing among many others his wife and three children. Historians have devoted little attention to this episode or to measles in general, even though the disease was highly mortal during the colonial period...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Sally Mmanyi Mtenga, Eveline Geubbels, Marcel Tanner, Sonja Merten, Constanze Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Behavioral change approaches for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention in Tanzania encourage married partners to observe safe sex practices (condom use, avoidance of, or safe sex with multiple partners). To implement this advice, partners need to communicate with each other about safer sex, which is often challenging. Although social-structural factors are crucial in understanding sexual behavior, only a few studies focus on understanding safer sex dialogue in a broader social context...
2016: Global Health Action
Pragati Sethi, Arvind Sharma, Lajya Devi Goyal, Gurmeet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Infertility leads to significant stress among couple and the reaction to infertility differs among males and females. AIM: To know the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in infertile couples and compare the prevalence of various psychiatric disorders among husband and wife. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 50 couples diagnosed with infertility from outdoor clinics. Both male and female partner of couple were interviewed for detailed history and clinical examination was done...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Damith Woods, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Janja Rattanajan
We report the clinical assessment of J.P., an 86 year-old man with Broca's aphasia complaining of memory problems. Our aim was to objectively investigate his level of cognitive functioning using standardized neuropsychological tests in order to determine the nature of his memory impairment. J.P.'s medical history included left-middle cerebral artery (left-MCA) stroke, high frequency hearing loss, macular degeneration, and a recent hospitalization related to a fall. Results from his neuropsychological testing and from information gathered during the clinical interview with his wife suggested that a deficit in executive functioning might have been the source for some of his perceived memory problems...
September 13, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Charlotta Plejert, Christina Samuelsson, Jan Anward
The present article is a case study in which participation is investigated in terms of the use of interactional practices that enhance the involvement of a man with severe aphasia in activities that aim to capture his and his wife's experiences of everyday communication, and their views of his speech and language intervention. Five practices are identified: 1) collaborative telling, 2) formulations, 3) yes/no questions, 4) declaratives and 5) hint-and-guess strategies. It is demonstrated how participants' (wife, a speech and language pathologist, and two research assistants) use of these practices are beneficial for making the viewpoints of the man with aphasia come across, despite his communication difficulties...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Fredric D Wolinsky, Lioness Ayres, Michael P Jones, Yiyue Lou, George L Wehby, Fred A Ullrich
BACKGROUND: Proxy respondents are frequently used in health surveys, and the proxy is most often the spouse. Longstanding concerns linger, however, about the validity of using spousal proxies, especially for older adults. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the concordance between self-reports and spousal proxy reports to a standard health survey in a small convenience sample of older married couples. METHODS: We used the Seniors Together in Aging Research (STAR) volunteer registry at the University of Iowa to identify and consent a cross-sectional, convenience sample of 28 married husband and wife couples...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Hasan Çetin Ekerbiçer, Sefa Resim, Erkan Efe, Mustafa Remzi Bahar, Özlem Altunören, Faruk Küçükdurmaz, Can Benlioğlu
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies within the literature have entailed objective evaluations of psychological, sexual, and emotional features of women within polygamous marriages. However, there is a lack of studies reporting these features among polygamous and monogamous men. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate sociodemographic characteristics, sexual function, and psychological status of polygamously and monogamously married men. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
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