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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802929/caregiver-burden-and-the-nonmotor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Jon P Hiseman, Robin Fackrell
Parkinson's disease has traditionally been considered as primarily a motor disorder (Chaudhuri & Schapira, 2009). It is clear however that it is the burden of the nonmotor symptomatology which impacts significantly more highly on caregiver burden and quality of life (Benavides, Alberquerque, & Chana-Cuevas, 2013; Martinez-Martin, 2011). As Parkinson's disease advances there is an almost inevitable accrual of nonmotor symptoms alongside the motor aspects of the disease. Patients as their disease progresses require increasing support and this is not infrequently provided by an informal caregiver, most typically a spouse or family member (Martinez-Martin, Forjaz, Frades-Payo, et al...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782420/the-gendered-economics-of-synchronized-retirement
#2
Per Gustafson
Women generally receive lower pensions than men, and research on gender and pensions has identified a number of factors underlying this pattern. The present article examines one factor that has largely gone unnoticed-synchronized retirement. In most married couples, the husband is older than his wife, yet many couples prefer to retire together. At the same time, pension systems are increasingly designed to discourage early retirement and reward late retirement. If younger wives and older husbands tend to synchronize their retirement, this may reinforce gendered income inequalities among older persons...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782397/spousal-breadwinning-across-30-years-of-marriage-and-husbands-health-a-gendered-life-course-stress-approach
#3
Kristen W Springer, Chioun Lee, Deborah Carr
OBJECTIVE: Wives increasingly outearn their husbands, and gender relations theory suggests this arrangement may undermine men's well-being. We explore how long-term histories of spousal breadwinning may be associated with older men's self-rated mental and physical health, and risk of nine health diagnoses. METHOD: Using 30 years of couple-level income data from the Health and Retirement Study ( n = 1,095 couples), we use latent class analyses to identify six classes that differ with respect to the timing and level of wife breadwinning...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763786/child-maltreatment-in-nepal-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#4
P Kandel, R Kunwar, S Karki, D Kandel, P Lamichhane
OBJECTIVES: Child maltreatment is a global public health problem. There is limited information about this problem in low-income countries. We aimed to document the prevalence and factors associated with physical punishment of children less than 14 years of age in Nepal. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted an in-depth analysis using data from the Nepal Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, a nationally representative multi-stage-stratified cluster sampling survey...
July 29, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759344/women-s-autonomy-and-reproductive-health-care-seeking-behavior-in-ethiopia
#5
Yohannes Dibaba Wado
BACKGROUND: This paper investigated the potential importance of women's autonomy in reproductive healthcare-seeking behavior of women in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey (DHS), that involved a total of 16,515 women, were analyzed. A weighted sub-sample of married women and women who had had a live birth were included in analyses on family planning and antenatal care. Women's autonomy was measured by participation in decision-making, attitudes toward wife beating and whether getting permission to seek medical care was a big problem...
July 31, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754166/male-reproductive-health-challenges-appraisal-of-wives-coping-strategies
#6
Emmanuel O Amoo, Adekunbi K Omideyi, Theophilus O Fadayomi, Mofoluwake P Ajayi, Gbolahan A Oni, Adenike E Idowu
BACKGROUND: Systematic studies on the association between men's sexual dysfunction (low sexual desire, ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunctions, genital ulcers, testicular disorders, prostate cancer or sexually transmitted infections) and marital conflict are emerging. However, the coping strategies adopted by wives in such circumstances are not commonly reported in the literature. Male sexual functioning is vital to the marital relationship, lack of it can result in intolerable cohabitation or relationship breakdown, and could also cause infertility, infidelity, and arouse stigma in Nigeria...
July 28, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744908/lung-cancer-in-a-patient-with-predominantly-short-tremolite-fibers-in-his-lung
#7
Norihiko Kohyama, Masaaki Fujiki, Takumi Kishimoto, Kenji Morinaga
The carcinogenicity of short tremolite fibers in human has not been cleared and has been argued hitherto. A lung cancer patient had worked at a gabbro quarry. Particles isolated from the excised lung parenchyma of the patient were measured for asbestos bodies (ABs) and asbestos fibers (AFs). The concentrations of ABs were 3964 AB/g dry lung, and AFs were 5.60 × 106 fibers/g dry lung (>5 um in length) and 22.5 × 106 fibers/g dry lung (>1 um in length). AFs were mostly tremolite fibers and under 7 um in length (mean length 4...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743202/is-fertility-associated-with-the-number-of-siblings-of-the-couple-evidence-from-india
#8
Manas Ranjan Pradhan, Jitendra Gouda
The influence of family on an individual's fertility has long been an important topic of interest in fertility research. Although studies conducted mostly in developed countries found a significant bearing of fertility of the parents on the fertility of the children, there is a lack of formal research around this topic in India. The present study analyses the effect of sibling size of husband and wife on the completed family size of women using information of 5506 ever-married women aged 45-49 years incorporated in the India Human Development Survey-II (2011-2012)...
July 26, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721766/nurse-who-claimed-he-was-a-surgeon-struck-off
#9
Erin Dean
A nurse who lied to his doctor wife and friends for seven years about being a leading surgeon has been struck off the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) register.
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721603/the-disadapted-animal-niko-tinbergen-on-human-nature-and-the-human-predicament
#10
Marga Vicedo
This paper explores ethologist Niko Tinbergen's path from animal to human studies in the 1960s and 1970s and his views about human nature. It argues, first, that the confluence of several factors explains why Tinbergen decided to cross the animal/human divide in the mid 1960s: his concern about what he called "the human predicament," his relations with British child psychiatrist John Bowlby, the success of ethological explanations of human behavior, and his professional and personal situation. It also argues that Tinbergen transferred his general adaptationist view of animal behavior to the realm of human biology; here, his concern about disadaptation led him to a view of human behavior that was strongly determined by the species' evolutionary past, a position that I call evolutionary determinism...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720262/nothing-is-more-important-than-my-partner-s-health-turkish-men-s-perspectives-on-partner-s-appearance-after-mastectomy-and-alopecia
#11
Ayla Gürsoy, Sema Koçan, Cemile Aktuğ
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to acquire a deeper understanding of male experiences on the emotional and social impact of their partners' mastectomy and chemotherapy-induced alopecia. METHODS: A purposive sample of 16 males whose partners had undergone mastectomy and alopecia due to chemotherapy was chosen. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview method. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of tape-recorded interviews was employed. RESULTS: Two main themes emerged from the data: facing the changes and my wife and I at present...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#12
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695296/women-s-work-gender-roles-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-nigeria
#13
Anastasia J Gage, Nicholas J Thomas
The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of women's labor force participation to the risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization in the past 12 months, using data for 20,635 currently married women aged 15-49 years from the 2013 nationally representative Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Multilevel logistic regression models of sexual and physical IPV, with interactions between women's work and social norms regarding traditional gender roles, were developed. Approximately 23% of women aged 15-49 years reported IPV victimization in the past 12 months...
July 10, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680783/johann-gaspar-spurzheim-a-life-dedicated-to-phrenology
#14
REVIEW
Mohammad Bilal, Bryan Edwards, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Loved for his empathetic nature but admired for his analytical mind, Gaspar Spurzheim (1776-1832) was a prominent contributor to phrenology, a field of neuroscience focused on studying the shapes of the skulls in relation to the activity levels of certain functional areas of the brain. This curiosity about the connection between physical characteristics and brain function was seeded in the young mind of Spurzheim when he observed that classmates with seemingly superb memories also appeared to have bright eyes...
May 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670753/human-varicella-zoster-virus-is-not-present-in-the-semen-of-a-man-affected-by-chickenpox-during-the-in-vitro-fertilisation-of-his-wife
#15
D Y L Chan, K K W Lam, E Y L Lau, W S B Yeung, E H Y Ng
Human varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a member of the herpes virus family and affects humans only. Information about the presence of the virus in the semen samples of men affected by chickenpox is rather limited in the literature. Here, we reported a husband was affected by VZV during in vitro fertilisation treatment of his wife treated in our centre. The semen sample was checked for the presence of VZV by the PCR technique. The PCR result found no detectable viral DNA in the semen sample. The semen sample was then used for conventional IVF insemination and subsequently a healthy baby boy was born...
July 3, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670583/quality-of-life-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-its-relevant-factors-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Seyedeh Azam Sajadi, Abbas Ebadi, Seyed Tayeb Moradian
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are considered as hidden patients experiencing physical and mental disorders. This affects the quality of not only their lives but also the health care provided to patients.This study aimed to investigate the quality of life (QOL) and its related factors among the caregivers of patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted based on the eight-step guidelines presented by the York University. The databases relevant to the medical field including Nursing and Allied Health, Web of Science, Scopus, Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO and Psychology Library were used...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669013/narrative-medicine-perspectives-on-patient-identity-and-integrative-care-in-neuro-oncology
#17
Robert B Slocum, Tracy A Howard, John L Villano
Narrative Medicine sessions can encourage patients to rediscover personal identity and meaning by telling or writing their stories. We explored this process to improve care and quality of life for brain cancer patients in an academic neuro-oncology program. Brain cancer and its treatments may threaten a patient's quality of life and sense of self in many ways, including impaired cognitive skills, loss of memory, reduced coordination, and limited capacity for self-expression. The impact of symptoms and side effects on quality of life must be evaluated in terms of each patient's identity and may be understood in terms of each patient's story...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666325/suami-siaga-male-engagement-in-maternal-health-in-indonesia
#18
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Li-Jung Elizabeth Ku, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Suami SIAGA, which translates literally as the 'alert husband', is a national campaign that was created in early 2000 to promote male participation in maternal and child health program in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to identify the proportion of men who took part in Suami SIAGA and the factors associated with their participation using the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). This study also examined the relationship between Suami SIAGA and the following results related to the national campaign: the presence of husbands at antenatal care (ANC) units and the place of delivery at health facilities...
June 28, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657374/factors-influencing-father-s-antenatal-and-perinatal-involvement-in-maternal-healthcare
#19
Zafar Hayat Maken, Ibrahim Nasir Idrees, Ahmarin Zahid, Areeha Zulfiqar, Asad Munib, Fatima Hassan, Rabia Mahmood
BACKGROUND: Maternal health care refers to the better outcome of labor and reduced maternal mortality. Antenatal care utilization is an important determinant for improved maternal health care. In this study we examine how father's involvement influences antenatal and perinatal care utilization by mothers. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was performed in the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences for 3 months. Systematic Random Sampling method was used for obtaining the desired sample...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651675/responses-of-mothers-of-children-with-chd-quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-parental-attitudes-family-functionality
#20
Fatos Alkan, Tamay Sertcelik, Sermin Yalın Sapmaz, Erhan Eser, Senol Coskun
Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the anxiety and depression status, family functions, parenting attitudes, and quality of life in the mothers of children with CHD. METHOD: The study enrolled 120 mothers: 40 of children with cyanotic CHD, 40 of children with non-cyanotic CHD, and 40 of healthy controls. Short Form-36 for quality of life, Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale for anxiety and depression, Family Assessment Device for the detection of problems affecting family functions, and Parental Attitude Research Instrument for measuring child-rearing attitudes were used in the study...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
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