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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764247/survey-and-analysis-for-impact-factors-of-psychological-distress-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-who-continue-pregnancy
#1
Shouxue Qin, Yanping Tan, Bingyan Lu, Yuqing Cheng, Yanli Nong
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the psychological distress of HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy, and analyze the possible influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 194 HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy were enrolled for this study by a convenient sampling method during June 2012-August 2016. Participants completed questionnaires including Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Berger HIV Stigma Scale (BHSS), Distress Thermometer (DT) and Problem List (PL), and to determine the cut-off value of DT in the group...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761598/the-effects-of-enactment-on-communicative-competence-in-aphasic-casual-conversation-a-functional-linguistic-perspective
#2
Rimke Groenewold, Elizabeth Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that speakers with aphasia rely on enactment more often than non-brain-damaged language users. Several studies have been conducted to explain this observed increase, demonstrating that spoken language containing enactment is easier to produce and is more engaging to the conversation partner. This paper describes the effects of the occurrence of enactment in casual conversation involving individuals with aphasia on its level of conversational assertiveness...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743103/husband-s-involvement-with-mother-s-awareness-and-knowledge-of-newborn-danger-signs-in-facility-based-childbirth-settings-a-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-bangladesh
#3
Sojib Bin Zaman, Rajat Das Gupta, Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Naznin Hossain, Md Mofijul Islam Bulbul, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between husband involvement and maternal awareness and knowledge of newborn danger signs. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three rural hospitals of Bangladesh among the recently delivered women (RDW). RESULTS: RDW were interviewed to determine their knowledge and understanding of seven key neonatal danger signs. About 51.4% of the respondents were able to identify at least one danger sign...
May 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735876/-actor-and-partner-effects-of-health-status-marital-satisfaction-and-self-efficacy-on-retirement-preparation-of-middle-aged-couples-actor-partner-interdependence-model-analysis
#4
Eun Hee Jung, Sung Hee Shin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the actor and partner effects of health status, marital satisfaction, and self efficacy on retirement preparation in middle aged couples using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. METHODS: Participants were 121 middle aged couples living in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do and Daegu City, Korea. All measures were self-administered. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 20.0. RESULTS: 1) Wife's self efficacy and marital satisfaction showed direct actor and partner effects on retirement preparation in middle aged couples...
April 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732494/polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-diverticular-disease-just-two-distinct-age-related-disorders-or-more-results-from-a-case-control-study
#5
Rossana Scrivo, Maria Chiara Gerardi, Iolanda Rutigliano, Paola Sessa, Daniele Mipatrini, Gaetana Maria Grazia Stricchiola, Elena Pacella, Alessio Altobelli, Chiara Castellani, Cristiano Alessandri, Fulvia Ceccarelli, Manuela Di Franco, Roberta Priori, Valeria Riccieri, Antonio Sili Scavalli, Francesca Romana Spinelli, Giuseppe La Torre, Fabrizio Conti, Guido Valesini
In a previous report of two married cohabiting couples affected by polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), we noticed that the wife of one couple and both members of the other couple suffered from symptomatic diverticular disease (DD), whose diagnosis was made before the onset of PMR. We investigated whether DD might be a risk factor for the development of PMR. We conducted a case-control study informed on a database containing the prospectively collected medical records of consecutive PMR patients. Among comorbidities, attention was focused on symptomatic DD, provided that the diagnosis had been made by colonoscopy and/or computed tomography scan...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732227/sustained-viremic-control-in-hiv-infected-patient-case-report-from-nepal
#6
Sundar Khadka, Subhash Dhital, Roshan Pandit, Anup Bastola
A case of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is described from Nepal with constant maintenance of CD4 count and HIV-RNA level below the lower detection threshold for more than ten years. The case was diagnosed of HIV positive in the year 2008. He had his viral load estimation performed every year since then which was always below lower detection limit and remained healthy without treatment. The patient also had not any kinds of opportunistic infection till date. He is married now and has not transmitted the disease to his wife...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724222/factors-associated-with-recent-intimate-partner-violence-experience-amongst-currently-married-women-in-afghanistan-and-health-impacts-of-ipv-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Andrew Gibbs, Julienne Corboz, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is exceedingly common in conflict and post-conflict settings. We first seek to describe factors associated with past 12 month IPV amongst currently married women in Afghanistan, focused on the factors typically assumed to drive IPV. Second, to describe whether IPV is independently associated with a range of health outcomes. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of currently married Afghan women, comprising the baseline study of a trial to prevent IPV...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723908/-impact-of-emotion-regulation-and-emotional-arousal-on-quality-of-life-and-adherence-of-couples-after-kidney-transplantation
#8
Luisa Peters, Laura Franke, Daria Tkachenko, Mario Schiffer, Tanja Zimmermann
INTRODUCTION: Nonadherence to immunosuppressive medication increases the risk of graft failure. Maladaptive emotion regulation strategies (ERS) seem to be a risk factor for nonadherence, whereas for patients in relationships spousal support appears as a protective resource. Emotional arousal, objectively measured by the fundamental frequency (f0 ) during spousal supportive communication is associated with supportive behavior. MATERIALS & METHODS: This study examined the relationship between beliefs about immunosuppressive medication, quality of life, ERS, emotions and emotional arousal, assessed during social support interactions of both spouses of N=50 couples after kidney transplantation...
May 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707928/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-sexual-function-in-infertile-women
#9
Somayeh Alirezaei, Gity Ozgoli, Hamidreza Alavi Majd
Background: Infertility is a major and problem influencing different aspects of couples life, especially those of women. Sexual dysfunction is the silent partner of infertility. This study aimed to identify the above-mentioned factors to make necessary decisions and perform efficient interventions to improve the sexual health of infertile women. This study investigated the factors influencing sexual dysfunction in infertile women in Mashhad, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 85 infertile women visiting governmental Infertility Clinic and Research Center in Mashhad, Iran...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695218/female-participation-in-household-decision-making-and-the-justification-of-wife-beating-in-bangladesh
#10
Md Shahin Alam, Md Ismail Tareque, Evan D Peet, Md Mosfequr Rahman, Tanvir Mahmud
We examined female participation in household decision making and its association with the justification of wife beating in Bangladesh. We used nationally representative data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Our sample consisted of currently married women of age 15 to 49 years ( n = 16,463). Chi-square tests and multilevel logistic regression models were performed. Approximately 84% of women in the survey were participants in at least one household decision, and 72% reported that wife beating is not justified in any circumstance...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#11
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669800/-optimal-relief-for-pain-at-the-end-of-life-a-caregiver-s-tale
#12
David B Morris
The current opioid crisis-driven partly by medical overprescription and partly by illegal drug abuse-is a significant cultural and professional dilemma in the USA and elsewhere. It has produced a strong reaction in favour of restricting medical use of opioids for pain, especially chronic pain. The author for a quarter century has written about pain from a biocultural perspective, and in this essay-based on his experience as primary caregiver for his late wife-he approaches the question of appropriate opioid use at the end of life...
April 18, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665836/household-water-treatment-and-the-nutritional-status-of-primary-aged-children-in-india-findings-from-the-india-human-development-survey
#13
Wei Li, Echu Liu, Rhonda BeLue
BACKGROUND: Poor water quality, one of the leading causes of diarrhea, is an issue for most developing countries. Although the health burden of poor-quality water has been studied extensively, there is a paucity of research regarding the impact of household water treatment (HWT) on children's nutritional status using data from large-scale surveys. In this research, we study the effect of HWT on the nutritional status of primary-aged children in India using a secondary data set consisting of 20,315 children between the ages of 6 and 14 (10,523 males and 9,792 females) in 12,839 households from the second wave of the India Human Development Survey (IHDS-II)...
April 17, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661005/ethopathology-and-civilization-diseases-niko-and-elisabeth-tinbergen-on-autism
#14
Marga Vicedo
The idea that some diseases result from a poor fit between modern life and our biological make-up is part of the long history of what historian of medicine Charles Rosenberg has called the "progress-and-pathology narrative." This article examines a key episode in that history: 1973 Nobel laureate Niko Tinbergen's use of an evolutionary framework to identify autism as a pathogenic effect of progress. Influenced by British psychiatrist John Bowlby's work, Tinbergen and his wife Elisabeth saw autistic children as victims of environmental stress caused mainly by mothers' failure to bond with their children and to protect them from conflicting situations...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659832/average-sperm-count-remains-unchanged-despite-reduction-in-maternal-smoking-results-from-a-large-cross-sectional-study-with-annual-investigations-over-21-years
#15
L Priskorn, L Nordkap, A K Bang, M Krause, S A Holmboe, D L Egeberg Palme, S B Winge, N Mørup, E Carlsen, U N Joensen, M Blomberg Jensen, K M Main, A Juul, N E Skakkebaek, T K Jensen, N Jørgensen
STUDY QUESTION: How are temporal trends in lifestyle factors, including exposure to maternal smoking in utero, associated to semen quality in young men from the general population? SUMMARY ANSWER: Exposure to maternal smoking was associated with lower sperm counts but no overall increase in sperm counts was observed during the study period despite a decrease in this exposure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Meta-analyses suggest a continuous decline in semen quality but few studies have investigated temporal trends in unselected populations recruited and analysed with the same protocol over a long period and none have studied simultaneous trends in lifestyle factors...
April 11, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657190/fighting-for-freedom-by-killing-the-pain
#16
E Ann Jeschke
This symposium includes six personal narratives about military veterans' experiences receiving health care through the Military Health System or the Veterans' Health Administration. Five of the narratives were autobiographical accounts of men's personal experience of care and one of the accounts was written by a wife who watched her husband suffer with chronic pain after leaving the military. There is a good deal of literature in military and veteran's medical research pertaining to psychological and physical trauma rehabilitation; however, there is little reflection on what it is like for injured military personnel or veterans to overcome obstacles while in pain and attempting interface with these governmental health care systems...
2018: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627595/factors-influencing-first-time-fathers-involvement-in-their-wives-pregnancy-and-childbirth-a-correlational-study
#17
Weilin Lynn Xue, Hong-Gu He, Ying Jie Chua, Wenru Wang, Shefaly Shorey
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors influencing first-time fathers' involvement in their wives' pregnancy and childbirth in Singapore. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional descriptive correlational study was conducted in a public tertiary hospital in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 182 first-time fathers whose wives were hospitalized at four obstetric wards were recruited from November 2015 to January 2016. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected by three newly developed and validated instruments, namely Father's Involvement in Pregnancy and Childbirth, Father's Informational and Sources of Support, and Father's Attitude Towards Involvement in Pregnancy and Childbirth, as well as the 16-item Couple Satisfaction Index and Family of Origin Questionnaire...
March 20, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624955/examining-the-role-of-couples-characteristics-in-contraceptive-use-in-nigeria-and-zambia
#18
Lorretta Favour C Ntoimo, Pamela Chirwa-Banda
Relationship-related characteristics influence diverse health and demographic outcomes. This study examined the role of couples' characteristics in contraceptive use. Data were obtained from 2013 Nigeria and 2013-14 Zambia Demographic and Health Surveys. The study population consisted of couples in monogamous union (married or living together) who had at least one live birth and the wife was not pregnant at the time of the survey. Prevalence of contraceptive use among couples in Nigeria was 27% and 63% in Zambia...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624110/women-s-attitude-and-its-influence-on-violence-during-pregnancy-in-northern-state-of-peninsular-malaysia-cross-sectional-study
#19
Khaironisak Haron, Zaridah Shaffie, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Zaleha Md Isa
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of men's violence against pregnant women and whether it is influenced by women's attitude. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a hospital in northern state of Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 1,200 postnatal women aged 18 years and above who had been admitted to the hospital were recruited in the study. Universal sampling was performed, and participants were interviewed face-to-face by using a validated Malay version of WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623799/voice-of-the-clergy-wife-a-phenomenological-study
#20
Amy C Luedtke, Katti J Sneed
The clergy wife is an understudied and silenced population. While the minister himself is well represented in the literature concerning burnout, psychological distress, and diminishing years of service, his wife remains unheard and desperate for her needs to be understood and addressed. The lived experience of nine Wesleyan pastors' wives was investigated using a qualitative methodology and phenomenological approach. Themes arose surrounding both protective factors (faith, calling, support) and stressors (performance expectations and loss of identity, loneliness, low income, sacrifice of time)...
March 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
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