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Phyllis Shacter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Elizabeth Keller Jose, William S Jose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Victor Agadjanian, Karine Markosyan
Unlike in most of the world, HIV incidence in the former Soviet Union continues to rise. While international labor migration has been identified as a potentially important contributor to this trend, most attention has been focused on risks of male migrants themselves. This study uses recent household survey data to examine HIV-related perceptions and actions of migrants' left-behind wives in Armenia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses show that migrants' wives are significantly more likely to suspect their husbands of extramarital sex than are non-migrants' wives...
October 19, 2016: AIDS Care
Yoonsik Shim, Andrew Philippides, Kevin Staras, Phil Husbands
We propose a biologically plausible architecture for unsupervised ensemble learning in a population of spiking neural network classifiers. A mixture of experts type organisation is shown to be effective, with the individual classifier outputs combined via a gating network whose operation is driven by input timing dependent plasticity (ITDP). The ITDP gating mechanism is based on recent experimental findings. An abstract, analytically tractable model of the ITDP driven ensemble architecture is derived from a logical model based on the probabilities of neural firing events...
October 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
W E De Leng, K M Stegers-Jager, A Husbands, J S Dowell, M Ph Born, A P N Themmen
Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) are increasingly used for medical school selection. Scoring an SJT is more complicated than scoring a knowledge test, because there are no objectively correct answers. The scoring method of an SJT may influence the construct and concurrent validity and the adverse impact with respect to non-traditional students. Previous research has compared only a small number of scoring methods and has not studied the effect of scoring method on internal consistency reliability. This study compared 28 different scoring methods for a rating SJT on internal consistency reliability, adverse impact and correlation with personality...
October 18, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Rayya A Al-Balushi, Ashanul Haque, Maharaja Jayapal, Mohammed K Al-Suti, John Husband, Muhammad S Khan, Jonathan M Skelton, Kieran C Molloy, Paul R Raithby
Trimethylsilyl-protected dialkynes incorporating azobenzene linker groups, Me3SiC≡CRC≡CSiMe3 (R = azobenzene-3,3'-diyl, azobenzene-4,4'-diyl, 2,5-dioctylazobenzene-4,4'-diyl), and the corresponding terminal dialkynes, HC≡CRC≡CH, have been synthesized and characterized. The CuI-catalyzed dehydrohalogenation reaction between trans-[Ph(Et3P)2PtCl] and the deprotected dialkynes in a 2:1 ratio in (i)Pr2NH/CH2Cl2 gives the platinum(II) diynes trans-[Ph(Et3P)2PtC≡CRC≡CPt(PEt3)2Ph], while the dehydrohalogenation polycondensation reaction between trans-[((n)Bu3P)2PtCl2] and the dialkynes in a 1:1 molar ratio under similar reaction conditions affords the platinum(II) polyynes, [-Pt(P(n)Bu3)2-C≡CRC≡C-]n...
October 18, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Mohammad F Aljabri, Naglaa M Kamal, Moinuddin Arif, Asrar M AlQaedi, Enas Y M Santali
BACKGROUND: Biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease (BTRBGD) is a neurometabolic autosomal recessive (AR) disorder characterized by subacute encephalopathy with confusion, convulsions, dysarthria, and dystonia. The disease is completely reversible if treated early with biotin and thiamine, and can be fatal if left untreated.We herein present our experience with in an extended family study of an index case of BTRBGD aiming to support its AR mode of inheritance, diagnose asymptomatic and missed symptomatic cases, and provide family screening with proper genetic counseling...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Joan Garvan
BACKGROUND: Changes to gendered norms have been the single most significant development in the second part of the twentieth century; practices within families have mirrored these changes. Many, however, are falling by the wayside after the birth of an infant, with high rates of marital breakdown, high rates of anxiety and depression, and significant issues related to identity. OBJECTIVES/AIMS: The aim of this research was to gauge how a sample of Australian women were travelling through the Transition to Parenthood, particularly in terms of their relationships; sharing the care and housework; their life course; and their sense of self...
October 14, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
Etienne Karita, Sabin Nsanzimana, Felix Ndagije, Kristin M Wall, Jeannine Mukamuyango, Placidie Mugwaneza, Eric Remera, Pratima L Raghunathan, Roger Bayingana, Kayitesi Kayitenkore, Brigitte Bekan-Homawoo, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen
BACKGROUND: Couples' voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) is a WHO-recommended intervention for prevention of heterosexual HIV transmission which very few African couples have received. We report the successful nationwide implementation of CVCT in Rwanda. METHODS: From 1988 to 1994 in Rwanda, pregnant and postpartum women were tested for HIV and requested testing for their husbands. Partner testing was associated with more condom use and lower HIV and sexually transmitted infection rates, particularly among HIV-discordant couples...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Angela B Bradford, Kayla L Burningham, Jonathan G Sandberg, Lee N Johnson
Research shows that the parent-child relationship affects attachment security, which correlates with anxiety and depression in adulthood. Additional research shows that romantic attachment behaviors may supersede individual attachment security and buffer against negative processes. Using data from 680 married couples in the general population, we examined whether attachment mediates the link between the parent-child relationship and depressive and anxiety symptoms in adulthood. In addition, we tested whether perceived spouse attachment behaviors moderate the effects of attachment insecurity...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Gadi Zerach, Yossi Levi-Belz, Menucha Michelson, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicidal ideation (SI) among ex-prisoners of war (ex-POWs) has recently been exemplified. Several studies have revealed the toll of war captivity in the secondary traumatization (ST) of ex-POWs' wives. This study aimed to assess SI among ex-POWs' wives and the longitudinal associations between their husbands' PTSD and their own ST. METHOD: A sample of 233 Israeli couples (142 ex-POW couples and a comparison group of 91 veteran couples) completed self-report measures of PTSD symptoms, SI, and depression at two time points: T1 (2003) and T2 (2008), 30 and 37 years after the 1973 Yom Kippur War...
2016: Psychiatry
Sunila Shakya, Unni Syversen, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Anna Mary Bofin, Guro Aune, Sven Arne Nordbø, Karishma Malla Vaidya, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Jan Egil Afset, Solveig Tingulstad
INTRODUCTION: In this study we aimed to determine the overall and type-specific prevalence of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and risk factors for such infection among women in rural Nepal, and to investigate the distribution of HPV infection by cervical cytology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among women aged ≥ 15 years in five rural villages within Kavre District in Nepal. Socio-demographic data and information on risk factors for cervical cancer were obtained through an interview, and a cervical specimen was collected for HPV DNA detection and typing using the Anyplex(™) ll HPV28 Detection system, and for Papanicolaou test...
October 7, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Alexandra Killewald, Javier García-Manglano
Prior research on parenthood effects has typically used single-sex models and estimated average effects. By contrast, we estimate population-level variability in partners' changes in housework hours, paid work hours, occupation traits, and wages after becoming parents, and we explore whether one partner's adjustment offsets or supplements the other's. We find tradeoffs between spouses on paid work adjustments to parenthood, but complementarity in adjustments to housework hours, occupation traits, and wages...
November 2016: Social Science Research
Leah Ruppanner, David J Maume
Multi-level cross-national research consistently shows individual housework arrangements are structured by broader contexts of equality. Across this body of research, the United States is treated as a single entity. Yet, individual-level housework time may vary by state-to-state differences in institutional market, family and legislative logics. To test these relationships, we pair individual-level data from the American Time Use Survey (2003-2012; aged 18 to 64 n = 106,190) with three state-level indices - female labor force empowerment, family traditionalism and state government liberalism...
November 2016: Social Science Research
Maggie L Syme, Erin Yelland, Laci Cornelison, Judith L Poey, Ryan Krajicek, Gayle Doll
PURPOSE: We examined public opinion of sexual expression and dementia to inform nursing home policy and practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: A content analysis was conducted on public comments (N=1194) posted in response to a New York Times article about a highly publicized legal case involving a husband engaging in sexual acts with his wife who had dementia, living in a nursing home. Researchers utilized constant comparative analysis to code the comments; reliability analysis showed moderately strong agreement at the subcategory level...
October 5, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Jeremie Richard, Icoquih Badillo-Amberg, Phyllis Zelkowitz
Past research has suggested that social support can reduce the negative psychological consequences associated with infertility. Online discussion boards (ODBs) appear to be a novel and valuable venue for men with fertility problems to acquire support from similar others. Research has not employed a social support framework to classify the types of support men are offered and receive. Using template, content, and thematic analysis, this study sought to identify what types of social support men seek and receive on online infertility discussion boards while exploring how men having fertility problems use appraisal support to assist other men...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Fatemeh Abdollahi, Mehran Zarghami, Shariff-Ghazali Sazlina, Azhar Md Zain, Asghari Jafarabadi Mohammad, Munn-Sann Lye
INTRODUCTION: Post-partum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mental problem associated with childbirth. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of early PPD and possible relevant risk factors among women attending primary health centers in Mazandaran province, Iran for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted among 2279 eligible women during weeks 32-42 of pregnancy to determine bio-psycho-socio-cultural risk factors of depression at 2 weeks post-partum using the Iranian version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Eun Young Choi, Hye Jin Hyun
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess predictor variables of husbands in multicultural families and examine the relationship among variables after setting up a hypothetical model including influencing factors, so as to provide a framework necessary for developing nursing interventions of domestic violence. METHODS: The participants were 260 husbands in multicultural families in four cities in Korea. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 20.0. RESULTS: Self-control, social support, family of origin violence experience and stress on cultural adaptation directly affected to dysfunctional communication, and the explanatory power of the variables was 64...
September 2016: Asian Nursing Research
Jinfeng Zhang, Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Mingjie Zhou, Jianxin Zhang
Concerning the interdependence of married couples, the strengths of not only actors but also of partners might improve aging successfully. This study aimed to examine the actor and partner effects of resilience on well-being in Chinese older couples and the potential mediating role of spousal exchanges at the actor and partner levels. Using a 2-wave longitudinal design, a total of 158 Chinese couples (age range 60-97 years) completed measures of resilience, perceived spousal exchanges (spousal support and negative exchanges), and well-being...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Masood Ali Shaikh
Domestic violence is a pandemic and estimated to affect one in three women globally, in their lifetime. Marriages within blood relations in Pakistan are common. In this study a secondary analysis of Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-13 was done to study the prevalence and profile of domestic violence in the context of consanguineous marriages in Pakistan. Almost 65% of women had some kind of blood relationship with their husbands. Women having a blood relationship with husbands were more likely to report having ever been subjected to marital control behaviours, emotional and physical violence by their husbands, compared to ones without such relationship...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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