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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344368/the-decline-of-arranged-marriage-marital-change-and-continuity-in-india
#1
Keera Allendorf, Roshan K Pandian
This article evaluates whether arranged marriage declined in India from 1970 to 2012. Specifically, the authors examine trends in spouse choice, the length of time spouses knew each other prior to marriage, intercaste marriage, and consanguineous marriage at the national level, as well as by region, urban residence, and religion/caste. During this period, women were increasingly active in choosing their own husbands, spouses meeting on their wedding day decreased, intercaste marriage rose, and consanguineous marriage fell...
September 2016: Population and Development Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338631/death-of-an-ex-spouse-lessons-in-family-communication-about-disenfranchised-grief
#2
Jillian A Tullis
The death of a loved one is an emotional-laden experience, and while grief and mourning rituals are less formal today in many communities, there remain some social norms for individuals to process loss. The death of an ex-family member, such as a former spouse, is more complicated and expectations for how to respond are fraught with uncertainty. While grief has been studied and is primarily understood as an individual cognitive process, scholars in sociology and communication are considering the ways in which grief and mourning are social and take place in dialogue with others...
March 24, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334747/the-family-planning-conundrum-in-afghanistan
#3
Hemat Shafiqullah, Ayako Morita, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino
In Afghanistan, despite the high awareness levels of contraceptive methods, the contraceptive prevalence is low and short birth spacing is common. The aim of this study was to understand the perception about family planning and contraceptive utilization among reproductive-aged married women, their husbands, their mothers-in-law, religious leaders and healthcare providers. Focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews were conducted among married women of reproductive age ( n =  482), their husbands ( n =  133), their mothers-in-law ( n =  194), their religious leaders ( n =  16), and healthcare providers ( n =  36) in rural and urban areas in five provinces...
October 20, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331752/body-image-of-women-with-breast-cancer-after-mastectomy-a-qualitative-research
#4
Sema Koçan, Ayla Gürsoy
OBJECTIVE: To gain a holistic and deep understanding about how mastectomy effects the body image of women who have breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of this qualitative descriptive study consisted of twenty patients who underwent mastectomy procedures. Semi-structured interviews were conducted during the second week after mastectomy. Each interview was transcribed verbatim, and a thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: After the mastectomy, the findings related to the women's body image and their experiences were specified as four main themes and seven sub-themes...
October 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331734/the-treatment-approach-and-social-support-needs-for-patients-with-breast-cancer
#5
Pınar Soylar, Metin F Genç
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women both in developed and developing countries. It has a higher mortality rate in low and middle income countries due to the late-stage diagnosis. The principal aim of this study was to investigate what patients with breast cancer did before presenting to Turgut Özal Medical Center and its relationship with late stage diagnosis. The study also aimed to identify the level of patients' perceived social support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 200 patients with breast cancer who were treated at the chemotherapy unit during 2013 and 2014...
April 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331630/factors-affecting-deliveries-attended-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-bangladesh
#6
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Swagata Ghosh, Shakir Hossen, Rifath Ara Alam Barsha, Atia Sharmeen, S M Iftekhar Uddin
BACKGROUND: The presence of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) is crucial in childbirth to reduce the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and to achieve the maternal mortality target of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The aim of this study was to investigate the factors related to childbirths attended by SBAs in Bangladesh. METHODS: Data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (2014 BDHS) were analyzed. Logistic regression was applied to calculate crude odds ratios (CORs), adjusted odds ratios (AORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and p-values...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331250/sexual-behavior-hiv-prevalence-and-awareness-among-wives-of-migrant-workers-results-from-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-north-india
#7
Alok Ranjan, Tarun Bhatnagar, Giridhara R Babu, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: Migration has been linked to the spread of HIV epidemic from the urban areas of western India to the rural areas of north India. OBJECTIVES: This is the first population-based study among the wives of migrant workers of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar with objectives to describe their sexual behavior within marriage, estimate the prevalence of HIV, and to know their awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A two-stage cluster survey was conducted by randomly selecting 25 eligible wives from each of the 34 selected villages...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330533/-oocyte-donation-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-complications-in-the-pregnant-woman-and-the-fetus
#8
Marianne Storgaard, Sara Malchau, Anne Loft, Elisabeth Larsen, Anja Pinborg
In Denmark, oocyte donation is allowed for women below 46 years of age if sperm from the woman's husband/partner is used, thus assuring genetic relationship with one parent. New legislation has provided more donors implying both shorter waiting time until treatment and more pregnancies achieved with donated oocytes. Oocyte donation pregnancies have increased risks of pre-eclampsia, post-partum bleeding, caesarean section, low birth weight and preterm birth, and since these risks are aggravated in multiple pregnancies, single embryo transfer is recommended...
March 13, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329807/are-you-sleeping-dyadic-associations-of-support-stress-and-worries-regarding-adult-children-on-sleep
#9
Amber J Seidel, Jeremy B Yorgason, Courtney A Polenick, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Purpose of the study: Sleep is a key factor in maintaining positive health and well-being throughout life. Although the negative outcomes of sleep problems are becoming better understood, less is known about how intergenerational relationships might affect sleep. Thus, this investigation examines the dyadic associations of support for, stress over, and worrying about adult children on sleep quality for husbands and wives. Design and Methods: The sample included 186 heterosexual married couples drawn from the Family Exchanges Study...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327678/alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-and-its-predictors-in-sindhupalchowk-district-nepal
#10
K K Aryal, N Thapa, S Mehata, P Thapa, A Alvik, B Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of women in Nepal consume alcohol and homebrewed alcoholic beverages are the most common type of alcohol. Alcohol being a part of tradition and culture in Nepal and evidences suggesting even low to moderate dose of alcohol having impacts on the birth outcomes, we aimed at exploring the alcohol consumption pattern during pregnancy and postpartum period along with its predictors. METHODS: We studied all pregnant and recently delivered women using quantitative methods in selected wards within selected Village Development Committees of Sindhupalchowk district in Nepal after purposively choosing the district...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321640/how-qualitative-methods-can-be-used-to-inform-model-development
#11
Samantha Husbands, Susan Jowett, Pelham Barton, Joanna Coast
Decision-analytic models play a key role in informing healthcare resource allocation decisions. However, there are ongoing concerns with the credibility of models. Modelling methods guidance can encourage good practice within model development, but its value is dependent on its ability to address the areas that modellers find most challenging. Further, it is important that modelling methods and related guidance are continually updated in light of any new approaches that could potentially enhance model credibility...
March 20, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320748/association-of-husband-smoking-with-wife-s-hypertension-status-in-over-5%C3%A2-million-chinese-females-aged-20-to-49%C3%A2-years
#12
Ying Yang, Fangchao Liu, Long Wang, Qian Li, Xingyu Wang, Julia C Chen, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Man Zhang, Yuan He, Zuoqi Peng, Yuanyuan Wang, Jihong Xu, Jun Zhao, Ya Zhang, Hongguang Zhang, Xiaona Xin, Yan Wang, Dujia Liu, Tongjun Guo, Qiaoyun Dai, Xu Ma
BACKGROUND: The effect of second-hand smoking, especially husband smoking, on wife's hypertension has not been well studied. The current study was aimed to assess the association of husband smoking with wife's hypertension among females aged 20 to 49 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 5 027 731 females along with their husbands from the National Free Pre-pregnancy Checkup Projects conducted across 31 provinces in China in 2014. Smoking/passive smoking status was collected by a standard questionnaire and blood pressure was measured by an electronic device after 10 minutes rest...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315548/the-caregiving-quandary%C3%A2
#13
Deborah A Boyle
Long before I became a cancer caregiver, I worried about families. Providing care without a script, expanding their workload, solo decision making, incessant worrying, managing expectations, overseeing medications-that is the lay caregiver's all-consuming world. However, when cancer entered my residence, I started living what I had historically observed from a distance. The double-duty caregiving at work and home overwhelmed me. Years of experience did little to prepare me for the emotional tsunami and physical toll caregiving took on me...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303884/corrigendum-nuclear-rna-seq-of-single-neurons-reveals-molecular-signatures-of-activation
#14
Benjamin Lacar, Sara B Linker, Baptiste N Jaeger, Suguna Rani Krishnaswami, Jerika J Barron, Martijn J E Kelder, Sarah L Parylak, Apuã C M Paquola, Pratap Venepally, Mark Novotny, Carolyn O'Connor, Conor Fitzpatrick, Jennifer A Erwin, Jonathan Y Hsu, David Husband, Michael J McConnell, Roger Lasken, Fred H Gage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298243/the-gender-gap-in-relation-to-happiness-and-preferences-in-married-couples-after-childbirth-evidence-from-a-field-experiment-in-rural-ghana
#15
Yusuke Kamiya, Bright Akpalu, Emmanuel Mahama, Emmanuel Kwesi Ayipah, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Abraham Hodgson, Akira Shibanuma, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: How does the gap in preferences between married couples affect their happiness after childbirth? Are couples that share similar preferences happier? In recent years, gender, marriage, and happiness have been considered to be key issues in public health research. Although much research has examined the happiness status of married couples, practically no study has explored the gender gap in relation to happiness and the preferences of married couples after childbirth. Therefore, our study was conducted to assess the association between the preference gap and the happiness status among married couples in the afterbirth period...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290600/possible-protective-role-of-the-abca4-gene-c-1268a-g-missense-variant-in-stargardt-disease-and-syndromic-retinitis-pigmentosa-in-a-sicilian-family-preliminary-data
#16
Rosalia D'Angelo, Luigi Donato, Isabella Venza, Concetta Scimone, Pasquale Aragona, Antonina Sidoti
In the wide horizon of ophthalmologically rare diseases among retinitis pigmentosa forms, Stargardt disease has gradually assumed a significant role due to its heterogeneity. In the present study, we aimed to support one of two opposite hypotheses concerning the causative or protective role of heterozygous c.1268A>G missense variant of the ABCA4 gene in Stargardt disease and in syndromic retinitis pigmentosa. This study was based on a family consisting of three members: proband, age 54, with high myopia, myopic chorioretinitis and retinal dystrophy; wife, age 65, with mild symptoms; daughter, age 29, asymptomatic...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289230/cross-cousin-marriage-among-the-yanomam%C3%A3-shows-evidence-of-parent-offspring-conflict-and-mate-competition-between-brothers
#17
Napoleon A Chagnon, Robert F Lynch, Mary K Shenk, Raymond Hames, Mark V Flinn
Marriage in many traditional societies often concerns the institutionalized exchange of reproductive partners among groups of kin. Such exchanges most often involve cross-cousins-marriage with the child of a parent's opposite-sex sibling-but it is unclear who benefits from these exchanges. Here we analyze the fitness consequences of marrying relatives among the Yanomamö from the Amazon. When individuals marry close kin, we find that (i) both husbands and wives have slightly lower fertility; (ii) offspring suffer from inbreeding depression; (iii) parents have more grandchildren; and (iv) siblings, especially brothers, benefit when their opposite-sex siblings marry relatives but not when their same-sex siblings do...
March 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289172/letter-re-the-terrorist-inside-my-husband-s-brain
#18
Melissa J Nirenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288616/modern-contraceptive-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-married-pastoralist-women-in-bale-eco-region-bale-zone-south-east-ethiopia
#19
Semere Sileshi Belda, Mekonnen Tegegne Haile, Abulie Takele Melku, Abdurehaman Kalu Tololu
BACKGROUND: Women who live in remote rural areas encounter different challenges against contraception and often deny the use of modern contraceptive methods. The predictors of modern contraceptive utilization by pastoralist women in the Bale eco-region could be specific and are not well known. Therefore, this study aims to assess modern contraceptive utilization and its determinants among married pastoralist women in Bale eco-region, Oromia regional state, South East Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 20th November 2015 to 30th February 2016...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277710/marital-well-being-and-depression-in-chinese-marriage-going-beyond-satisfaction-and-ruling-out-critical-confounders
#20
Hongjian Cao, Nan Zhou, Xiaoyi Fang, Mark Fine
Based on data obtained from 203 Chinese couples during the early years of marriage and utilizing the actor-partner interdependence model, this study examined the prospective associations between different aspects of marital well-being (i.e., marital satisfaction, instability, commitment, and closeness) and depressive symptoms (assessed 2 years later) while controlling for critical intrapersonal (i.e., neuroticism and self-esteem) and contextual (i.e., stressful life events) confounders. Results indicated that (a) when considering different aspects of marital well-being as predictors of depressive symptoms separately, each aspect was significantly associated with spouses' own subsequent depressive symptoms; (b) when examining various aspects of marital well-being simultaneously, only husbands' commitment, husbands' instability, and wives' instability were significantly associated with their own subsequent depressive symptoms above and beyond the other aspects; and (c) the associations between husbands' commitment, husbands' instability, and wives' instability and their own subsequent depressive symptoms remained significant even after controlling for potential major intrapersonal and contextual confounders...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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