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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732599/evolutionary-dynamics-of-unreduced-gametes
#1
REVIEW
Julia M Kreiner, Paul Kron, Brian C Husband
Unreduced gametes, which have the somatic (2n) chromosome number, are an important precursor to polyploid formation and apomixis. The product of irregularities in meiosis, 2n gametes are expected to be rare and deleterious in most natural populations, contrary to their wide taxonomic distribution and the prevalence of polyploidy. To better understand this discrepancy, we review contemporary evidence related to four aspects of 2n gamete dynamics in natural populations: (i) estimates of their frequency; (ii) their environmental and genetic determinants; (iii) adaptive and nonadaptive processes regulating their evolution; and (iv) factors regulating their union and production of polyploids in diploid populations...
July 18, 2017: Trends in Genetics: TIG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720152/using-couples-discordant-reports-to-estimate-female-covert-use-of-modern-contraception-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
Natalie C Gasca, Stan Becker
Substantial numbers of married women use contraceptives without their partner's knowledge in sub-Saharan Africa, but studies of female covert use across time are rare. This study investigates the levels, trends and correlates of covert use in nine countries and determines which contraceptive methods are more frequently used covertly by women. Data from monogamous couples in Demographic and Health Surveys were used from nine sub-Saharan African countries that had experienced an increase of 10 percentage points in current modern contraceptive use between an earlier (1991-2004) and later (2007-2011) survey...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719791/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-and-educational-prenatal-and-postnatal-care-interventions-for-married-immigrant-women-in-korea-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Sun Kyung Kim, Seyeon Park, Sukhee Ahn
The rapid influx of married immigrant women from low-income Asian countries is a concern in South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. In South Korea, 1 in 10 couples includes a Korean man and a migrant woman, increasing the need for prenatal and postnatal care interventions. Studies published in English or Korean after 2000 were retrieved from 8 databases and reviewed via a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of prenatal and postnatal psychosocial and educational interventions in Korea. Of 3583 records, 10 studies (1 randomized controlled trial [RCT] and 9 non-RCTs) involving 408 married immigrant women fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713506/women-s-perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-challenges-in-the-process-of-male-infertility-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#4
Ali Taghipour, Fatemeh Zahra Karimi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Seyed Ali Kimiaei, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Maliheh Amirian
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that both men and women are equally subject to infertility, it is usually women who bear the burden of treatment and its consequences, even in cases of male infertility. Therefore, it is more necessary to recognize their health problems in order to help them. AIM: To explore women's perceptions and experiences of the challenges they face in the process of male infertility treatment. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted during 2014-2015 using content analysis...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713307/posttraumatic-growth-and-dyadic-adjustment-among-war-veterans-and-their-wives
#5
Yael Lahav, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Zahava Solomon
The controversy regarding the nature of posttraumatic growth includes two main competing claims: one which argues that posttraumatic growth reflects authentic positive changes and the other which argues that posttraumatic growth reflects illusory defenses. While the former might suggest that posttraumatic growth enhances intimacy and close relationships, the latter might imply that posttraumatic growth hinders interpersonal relations. The present study aimed to test these claims by investigating the association between posttraumatic growth and dyadic adjustment over time at both the individual and dyadic levels, and the potential role of posttraumatic stress symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710190/stigma-kills-the-psychological-effects-of-emotional-abuse-and-discrimination-towards-a-patient-with-hiv-in-uganda
#6
Simon Ruffell
Our patient is a 58-year-old Ugandan woman. After her husband's death in 1994, the patient was forced to leave her home by her late husband's family and arrangements were made for her mother to provide care until her inevitable death. The patient suffered from multiple mental health disturbances as a result of discrimination. Socially isolated after years of self-neglect, she prepared to overdose. In 2007, she became open regarding her status after receiving psychosocial support from various sources. She opened her home as an HIV clinic with the help of a local doctor, and subsequently the majority of her psychological symptoms were resolved...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710177/married-to-the-job-working-with-your-partner-in-a-vet-practice
#7
(no author information available yet)
Kate Holton describes what it's like to work alongside her husband as vets and co-joint venture partners at their Vets4Pets practice in Yate.
July 15, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709467/amitriptyline-induced-ventricular-tachycardia-a-case-report
#8
Khandker Mohammad Nurus Sabah, Abdul Wadud Chowdhury, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Bishnu Pada Saha, Syed Rezwan Kabir, Shamima Kawser
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, each emergency physician faces amitriptyline overdose nearly a day. An acute cardiovascular complication, one of the worst complications is mainly responsible for the mortality in tricyclic overdose. Recently, we managed ventricular tachycardia in a young female presented with an impaired consciousness 10 h after intentionally ingesting 2500 mg amitriptyline. Here, we report it, discuss how the electrocardiography is vital to acknowledge and predict it and its' complications and also the recent update of the management of it...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706171/-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study-on-caring-experience-of-spouses-of-elderly-people-with-dementia-at-home
#9
Hye Young Jang, Myungsun Yi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand and describe the caring experiences of spouses of elderly people with dementia. METHODS: The hermeneutic phenomenological method was used and participants were 12 spouses aged 65 and over who were taking care of their husbands or wives with dementia at home. Data were collected from individual in-depth interviews on participants' actual caring experiences. Additionally, novels, movies, and memoirs on elderly couples with partner who had dementia were included as data for the analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696563/secondary-traumatization-and-differentiation-among-the-wives-of-former-pows-a-reciprocal-association
#10
Yael Lahav, Yafit Levin, Moshe Bensimon, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Zahava Solomon
Repercussions of war captivity may transmit to spouses of former prisoners of war (POW) via posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Overidentification with their partners underlies the PTSS experienced by former wives of POWs, thus implying impaired self-differentiation. Although wives' indirect exposure to their husbands' captivity and subsequent PTSS has been associated with the wives' PTSS and differentiation, the combined effects remain unclear. Furthermore, previous cross-sectional studies could not illuminate directionality...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695296/women-s-work-gender-roles-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-nigeria
#11
Anastasia J Gage, Nicholas J Thomas
The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of women's labor force participation to the risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization in the past 12 months, using data for 20,635 currently married women aged 15-49 years from the 2013 nationally representative Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Multilevel logistic regression models of sexual and physical IPV, with interactions between women's work and social norms regarding traditional gender roles, were developed. Approximately 23% of women aged 15-49 years reported IPV victimization in the past 12 months...
July 10, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693621/increasing-utilisation-of-skilled-facility-based-maternal-healthcare-services-in-rural-zambia-the-role-of-safe-motherhood-action-groups
#12
Cephas Sialubanje, Karlijn Massar, Larah Horstkotte, Davidson H Hamer, Robert A C Ruiter
BACKGROUND: Community-centred health interventions, such as Safe Motherhood Action groups (SMAGs), have potential to lead to desired health behavioural change and favourable health outcomes. SMAGs are community-based volunteer groups that aim to reduce critical delays that occur at household level with regard to decision-making about seeking life-saving maternal care at health facilities. The aim of this study was to explore perspectives, roles, achievements and challenges of the SMAG programme in Kalomo, Zambia...
July 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693349/the-wounded-maternity-in-the-fine-arts
#13
Simona Giardina, Maria Rosa Montinari
The historian Fielding Garrison wrote that the history of medicine is the history of mankind, as it encompasses all of human life. This means that the history of medicine encourages us to critically reflect not only on the information (the what, the world of facts) but also invites us to move towards understanding (the who, the world of stories). Next to the historical change, there is the anthropological duration with its baggage of immutable values that art brings to light. The merit of art is to focus not only on the biological aspects, but also on the social and emotional ones that define the mother/child relationship...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692689/factors-influencing-maternal-nutrition-practices-in-a-large-scale-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-program-in-bangladesh
#14
Phuong H Nguyen, Tina Sanghvi, Sunny S Kim, Lan M Tran, Kaosar Afsana, Zeba Mahmud, Bachera Aktar, Purnima Menon
Improving maternal nutrition practices during pregnancy is essential to save lives and improve health outcomes for both mothers and babies. This paper examines the maternal, household, and health service factors influencing maternal nutrition practices in the context of a large scale maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) program in Bangladesh. Data were from a household survey of pregnant (n = 600) and recently delivered women (n = 2,000). Multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses were used to examine the determinants of three outcomes: consumption of iron and folic acid (IFA) tablets, calcium tablets, and diverse diets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687082/experiences-of-inequitable-care-among-afghan-mothers-surviving-near-miss-morbidity-in-tehran-iran-a-qualitative-interview-study
#15
Soheila Mohammadi, Aje Carlbom, Robabeh Taheripanah, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Providing equitable maternal care to migrants is a seriously challenging task for hosting countries. Iran, the second-most accessed country for refugees from Afghanistan, has achieved maternal health improvement. However, Afghan women with near-miss morbidity faced pre-hospital delays and disparity in maternal care at hospitals. This study explores experiences of maternal care among Afghan women surviving near-miss morbidity to increase insight into healthcare improvements for migrants...
July 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683112/the-best-encouraging-persons-in-labor-a-content-analysis-of-iranian-mothers-experiences-of-labor-support
#16
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hossein Ebrahimipour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The process of giving birth is very stressing for the mother. Meanwhile, maternity ward staff's lack of awareness of mothers' fears make mothers feel lonely and helpless. This study aimed to explore women's perceptions of labor support during vaginal delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study used qualitative content analysis to explore Iranian mothers' experiences of labor support. Data were collected using observations and semi-structured interviews with 25 individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682191/blood-zinc-levels-in-nursing-women-from-different-regions-of-the-west-bank-of-palestine
#17
Ramzi Shawahna, Ahed Zyoud, Donia Jallad, Labebah Hadwan, Neeran Ihssan, Hikmat Hilal
Pregnant and nursing women are at higher risk of zinc deficiency which can have detrimental consequences on health. We assessed blood zinc levels in 72 nursing women from the West Bank of Palestine and investigated the association between sociodemographic variables and blood zinc levels. Blood samples were analyzed for their zinc contents using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Blood and data collection were performed between July and December 2016. The median blood zinc level was 4.53 mg/L (IQR of 0...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681668/towards-an-understanding-of-the-multilevel-factors-associated-with-maternal-health-care-utilization-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#18
Sanjeev Sridharan, Arnab Dey, Aparna Seth, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Kultar Singh, Katherine Hay, Rachael Gibson
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the multilevel factors associated with maternal health utilization in India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh. 3 key utilization practices: registration of pregnancy, receipt of antenatal care, and delivery at home are examined for district and individual level predictors. The data is based on 5666 household surveys conducted as part of a baseline evaluation of the Uttar Pradesh Technical Support Unit (UPTSU.) program. OBJECTIVES: This intervention aims to assist the Government of Uttar Pradesh in increasing the efficiency, effectiveness, and equity of service delivery across a continuum of reproductive, maternal, new-born, child, and adolescent health (RMNCH+A) outcomes...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679522/next-generation-sequence-analysis-reveals-methicillin-resistance-transfer-to-a-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-mssa-strain-that-subsequently-caused-a-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-outbreak-a-descriptive-study
#19
Veronica Weterings, Thijs Bosch, Sandra Witteveen, Fabian Landman, Leo Schouls, Jan Kluytmans
Resistance to methicillin in Staphylococcus aureus is primarily caused by the mecA gene, which is carried on a mobile genetic element: the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec). Horizontal transfer of this element is supposed to play an important factor in the emergence of new clones of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), but has been rarely observed in real-time.In 2012, an outbreak occurred involving a healthcare worker (HCW) and three patients all carrying a fusidic-acid resistant MRSA strain...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678849/community-health-promotion-and-medical-provision-for-neonatal-health-champion-cluster-randomised-trial-in-nagarkurnool-district-telangana-formerly-andhra-pradesh-india
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Peter Boone, Alex Eble, Diana Elbourne, Chris Frost, Chitra Jayanty, Rashmi Lakshminarayana, Vera Mann, Rohini Mukherjee, Gilda Piaggio, Padmanabh Reddy
BACKGROUND: In the mid-2000s, neonatal mortality accounted for almost 40% of deaths of children under 5 years worldwide, and constituted 65% of infant deaths in India. The neonatal mortality rate in Andhra Pradesh was 44 per 1,000 live births, and was higher in the rural areas and tribal regions, such as the Nagarkurnool division of Mahabubnagar district (which became Nagarkurnool district in Telangana in 2014). The aim of the CHAMPION trial was to investigate whether a package of interventions comprising community health promotion and provision of health services (including outreach and facility-based care) could lead to a reduction of the order of 25% in neonatal mortality...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
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