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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777420/what-role-do-masculine-norms-play-in-men-s-hiv-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Katelyn M Sileo, Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Shari L Dworkin, Paul J Fleming
Men living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa are less likely to test for HIV than women. We conducted a scoping review in May of 2016 to identify how masculine norms influence men's HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa. Our review yielded a total of 13 qualitative studies from 8 countries. Masculine norms create both barriers and facilitators to HIV testing. Barriers included emotional inexpression, gendered communication, social pressures to be strong and self-reliant, and the fear that an HIV positive result would threaten traditional social roles (i...
May 18, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771949/correlates-of-domestic-violence-perpetration-reporting-among-recently-married-men-residing-in-slums-in-pune-india
#2
Ameeta S Kalokhe, Sandhya R Iyer, Keshav Gadhe, Tuman Katendra, Anuradha Paranjape, Carlos Del Rio, Rob Stephenson, Seema Sahay
Domestic violence (DV) is prevalent in low-income and slum-dwelling communities in India. To date, the focus of DV prevention in resource-poor settings has largely been with women. We herein aim to identify correlates of DV perpetration to help inform future primary prevention efforts that focus on behavioral change in men. Utilizing a cross-sectional design, potential correlates of DV perpetration were explored among a geographically-clustered random sample of 100 recently-married men residing in slums in Pune, India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771678/a-deviance-approach-to-understanding-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-bangladesh
#3
Tamar Goldenberg, Rob Stephenson
CONTEXT: Use of maternal health care can reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in countries like Bangladesh, where rates of these outcomes are high. Community characteristics are associated with use of maternal care services, but it is unclear whether deviation from community norms is associated with service use. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey on 4,106 ever-married women aged 15-49 were used to examine relationships between women's deviation from their communities on socioeconomic, fertility and other characteristics and use of maternal health care (antenatal care, delivery care, postpartum care and a composite measure)...
December 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771550/daily-communication-conflict-resolution-and-marital-quality-in-chinese-marriage-a-three-wave-cross-lagged-analysis
#4
Xiaomin Li, Hongjian Cao, Nan Zhou, Xiaoyan Ju, Jing Lan, Qinyi Zhu, Xiaoyi Fang
Based on three annual waves of data obtained from 268 Chinese couples in the early years of marriage and using a three-wave, cross-lagged approach, the present study examined the associations among daily marital communication, marital conflict resolution, and marital quality. Results indicated unidirectional associations linking daily marital communication or marital conflict resolution to marital quality (instead of reciprocal associations); and when considered simultaneously in a single model, daily marital communication and marital conflict resolution explained variance in marital quality above and beyond each other...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770806/a-place-of-many-names-how-three-generations-of-bedouin-women-express-the-meaning-of-home
#5
Nuzha Allassad Alhuzail
This article examines how three generations of Bedouin women in southern Israel express what home means to them through the names they give it: bayt , maskan , and dar . Home has always been significant in the lives of Bedouin women, but Bedouin society is undergoing major changes-culturally, socially, and in the form of settlement. The external form of the Bedouin home has changed, too, from a tent to a stone house, from an open structure to a closed one, from being part of the open space of the desert to being a limited space in a neighborhood...
2018: Journal of housing and the built environment: HBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770322/sociodemographic-and-medical-risk-factors-associated-with-antepartum-depression
#6
Giridhara R Babu, G V S Murthy, Neeru Singh, Anita Nath, Mohanbabu Rathnaiah, Nolita Saldanha, R Deepa, Sanjay Kinra
Background: The increasing recognition of antenatal depression is an emerging area of concern in developing countries. We conducted a study to estimate the prevalence of antenatal mental distress and its relation with sociodemographic factors, obstetric factors, and physiological wellbeing in pregnant women attending public health facilities in Bengaluru, South India. Methods: Nested within a cohort study, we assessed the mental status in 823 pregnant women in two public referral hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766522/to-honor-and-obey-perceptions-and-disclosure-of-sexual-assault-among-honor-ideology-women
#7
Caitlin L McLean, Marisa K Crowder, Markus Kemmelmeier
The overwhelming majority of rapes goes unreported. To better understand the sociocultural mechanisms behind why underreporting may occur, three studies (total n = 1,481) examine how women's endorsement of honor values influence the perceptions of rape. Using vignettes that varied the closeness of the perpetrator of a sexual assault (i.e., stranger, acquaintance, or husband), we found that women who endorse honor values of womanhood were less likely to label a forced sexual act as "rape" and to suggest that the victim discloses the rape to others, including to the police...
May 15, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765926/sexual-disharmony-in-menopausal-women-and-their-husband-a-qualitative-study-of-reasons-strategies-and-ramifications
#8
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari
Objectives: The goal of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of general practitioners and midwives during sexual dialogue with menopausal women. Methods: In a descriptive exploratory qualitative study, 13 midwives and 12 general practitioners were selected using a semi-structured interview and purposive sampling method. Data analysis was conducted using qualitative content analysis adopted by Graneheim and Lundman. Results: Through data analysis "sexual disharmony" emerged as a central theme, which included three categories of reasons, strategies, and ramifications of sexual disharmony...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764247/survey-and-analysis-for-impact-factors-of-psychological-distress-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-who-continue-pregnancy
#9
Shouxue Qin, Yanping Tan, Bingyan Lu, Yuqing Cheng, Yanli Nong
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the psychological distress of HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy, and analyze the possible influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 194 HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy were enrolled for this study by a convenient sampling method during June 2012-August 2016. Participants completed questionnaires including Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Berger HIV Stigma Scale (BHSS), Distress Thermometer (DT) and Problem List (PL), and to determine the cut-off value of DT in the group...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758443/health-care-seeking-behaviour-during-pregnancy-delivery-and-the-postnatal-period-in-bangladesh-assessing-the-compliance-with-who-recommendations
#10
M Mazharul Islam, Mohammad Shahed Masud
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends four antenatal care (ANC) visits, delivery in a health facility and three postnatal care (PNC) visits for women to optimize the maternal health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the level and determinants of maternal health care seeking behaviour during pregnancy, delivery and the postnatal period, and assess the compliance with the WHO recommended levels of care in Bangladesh. DESIGN/SETTING: The study is based on secondary analysis of the data obtained from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS)...
April 30, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746180/sexual-satisfaction-and-marital-satisfaction-during-the-early-years-of-chinese-marriage-a-three-wave-cross-lagged-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#11
Hongjian Cao, Nan Zhou, Mark A Fine, Xiaomin Li, Xiaoyi Fang
Sexuality is an integral component of many intimate relationships, and research has consistently demonstrated a positive association between sexual and marital satisfaction. However, the temporal dynamics of this association remain controversial and understudied with rigorous longitudinal dyadic approaches, and empirical efforts examining this association in non-Western samples remain sparse. Based on three annual waves of data from 268 Chinese couples during the early years of marriage, this study tested a cross-lagged, actor-partner interdependence model examining the association between sexual and marital satisfaction...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744737/homicide-victims-concealed-in-a-freezer
#12
Trine Bottos Olsen, Peter Mygind Leth
Freezing as a method for hiding a body is rare. We report here a homicide case in which three bodies were concealed in a freezer. This presented the pathologist with the problem of how to thaw the bodies and simultaneously avoid decomposition of the uppermost body. The problem was solved by slow thawing in a refrigerated morgue and by removing the bodies one after the other from top to bottom. The victims were a 27-year old mother and her two daughters, 7 and 9 years of age. The perpetrator was the 34-year old now-divorced husband and father...
May 9, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743188/engaging-men-in-family-planning-perspectives-from-married-men-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#13
Tekou B Koffi, Karen Weidert, Erakalaza Ouro Bitasse, Marthe Adjoko E Mensah, Jacques Emina, Sheila Mensah, Annette Bongiovanni, Ndola Prata
Family planning programs have made vast progress in many regions of sub-Saharan Africa in the last decade, but francophone West Africa is still lagging behind. More emphasis on male engagement might result in better outcomes, especially in countries with strong patriarchal societies. Few studies in francophone West Africa have examined attitudes of male involvement in family planning from the perspective of men themselves, yet this evidence is necessary for development of successful family planning projects that include men...
May 9, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743103/husband-s-involvement-with-mother-s-awareness-and-knowledge-of-newborn-danger-signs-in-facility-based-childbirth-settings-a-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-bangladesh
#14
Sojib Bin Zaman, Rajat Das Gupta, Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Naznin Hossain, Md Mofijul Islam Bulbul, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between husband involvement and maternal awareness and knowledge of newborn danger signs. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three rural hospitals of Bangladesh among the recently delivered women (RDW). RESULTS: RDW were interviewed to determine their knowledge and understanding of seven key neonatal danger signs. About 51.4% of the respondents were able to identify at least one danger sign...
May 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742136/impact-on-birth-weight-and-child-growth-of-participatory-learning-and-action-women-s-groups-with-and-without-transfers-of-food-or-cash-during-pregnancy-findings-of-the-low-birth-weight-south-asia-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-lbwsat-in-nepal
#15
Naomi M Saville, Bhim P Shrestha, Sarah Style, Helen Harris-Fry, B James Beard, Aman Sen, Sonali Jha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Raghbendra Sah, Puskar Paudel, Andrew Copas, Bishnu Bhandari, Rishi Neupane, Joanna Morrison, Lu Gram, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brännström, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Machhindra Basnet, Saskia de Pee, Andrew Hall, Jayne Harthan, Meelan Thondoo, Sonja Klingberg, Janice Messick, Dharma S Manandhar, David Osrin, Anthony Costello
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition during pregnancy leads to low birthweight, poor growth and inter-generational undernutrition. We did a non-blinded cluster-randomised controlled trial in the plains districts of Dhanusha and Mahottari, Nepal to assess the impact on birthweight and weight-for-age z-scores among children aged 0-16 months of community-based participatory learning and action (PLA) women's groups, with and without food or cash transfers to pregnant women. METHODS: We randomly allocated 20 clusters per arm to four arms (average population/cluster = 6150)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738988/use-of-mobile-applications-and-blogs-by-pregnant-women-in-turkey-and-the-impact-on-adaptation-to-pregnancy
#16
Sultan Özkan Şat, Şengül Yaman Sözbir
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to demonstrate how the use of mobile applications and blogs impacts on a woman's pregnancy. DESIGN: This was a descriptive study. A questionnaire and the Prenatal Self Evaluation Questionnaire (PSEQ) were administered to collect the data. The PSEQ was developed to evaluate a woman's adaptation to pregnancy before labour and contained seven subscales: acceptance of pregnancy, identification of a motherhood role, relationship with her mother, relationship with her husband, preparation for labour, prenatal fear of helplessness and loss of control in labour and concern for the well-being of self and baby...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736977/do-his-education-and-class-matter-the-changing-effect-of-the-husband-on-women-s-labour-market-transitions-in-italy-and-britain
#17
Cristina Solera
A new stream of sociological and demographic theory emphasizes individualization as the key process in late modernity. As maintained by Hakim (), women also have increasingly become agents of their own biographies, less influenced by the social class and the family. In this study, I intend to contribute to this debate by analysing how, in Italy and Britain, women's movements between employment and housework are linked to their husband's education and class, and how this link has changed across cohorts. Using discrete-time event-history modelling on the BHPS and ILFI, my findings show that in both countries, if the woman's educational and labour-market profile is controlled for, the husband's occupation and education have lost importance...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736421/exquisite-response-to-intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-susac-syndrome-during-pregnancy
#18
Enrique Gomez-Figueroa, Sofia Garcia-Trejo, Raul Anwar Garcia-Santos, Gerardo Quiñones-Pesqueira, Juan Manuel Calleja-Castillo
Introduction: From its initial report on two female patients in 1979 by J.O. Susac, Susac syndrome (SuS) or SICRET (small infarctions of cochlear, retinal and encephalic tissue) has persisted as an elusive entity. To date the available evidence for its treatment is based on case reports and case series. The largest systematic review described only 304 reported cases since the 1970s. Here we presented the first reported case to our knowledge in Mexican population and the unusual presentation in a pregnant patient...
March 2018: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736068/resilience-in-wives-of-persons-with-alcoholism-an-indian-exploration
#19
Pradeep R Johnson, Carl Britto, Kevin Jude Sudevan, Ashish Bosco, Priya Sreedaran, Mysore V Ashok
Context: Mental health has currently shifted focus from "deficit" to strength-based approaches such as Resilience. Coping styles and personality factors have been well studied in Wives of persons with Alcoholism (WopA) but not Resilience. Alcohol dependence in spouse is seen as an adversity. Aims: To evaluate Resilience in the WopA and explore its relationship with marital quality and clinical variables of Alcohol Dependence in their husbands. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care hospital in Bangalore, Karnataka...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735876/-actor-and-partner-effects-of-health-status-marital-satisfaction-and-self-efficacy-on-retirement-preparation-of-middle-aged-couples-actor-partner-interdependence-model-analysis
#20
Eun Hee Jung, Sung Hee Shin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the actor and partner effects of health status, marital satisfaction, and self efficacy on retirement preparation in middle aged couples using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. METHODS: Participants were 121 middle aged couples living in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do and Daegu City, Korea. All measures were self-administered. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 20.0. RESULTS: 1) Wife's self efficacy and marital satisfaction showed direct actor and partner effects on retirement preparation in middle aged couples...
April 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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