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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914296/gender-differences-in-primary-home-caregivers-of-older-relatives-in-a-mediterranean-environment-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Rafael Del-Pino-Casado, María Del Mar Pastor-Bravo, Pedro A Palomino-Moral, Antonio Frías-Osuna
A cross-sectional study was developed in Spain to analyse gender differences in intensity of care, care recipient needs and subjective burden, as well as the moderating effects of kinship on the relationship between gender and subjective burden. A probabilistic sample of 200 primary caregivers (100 male and 100 female) of older relatives was interviewed by expert nurses. Socio-demographic data and several scales regarding objective and subjective burden were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics, Student's t-test, ANOVA and multiple linear regression were used to analyse the data...
November 21, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911959/barriers-to-timely-and-safe-blood-transfusion-for-pph-patients-evidence-from-a-qualitative-study-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#2
Sadika Akhter, Iqbal Anwar, Rashida Akter, Feroza Akhter Kumkum, Monjura Khatun Nisha, Fatema Ashraf, Ferdousi Islam, Nazneen Begum, Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury, Anne Austin, Syed Shariful Islam, Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Bangladesh, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality accounting for 31% of all blood transfusions in the country. Although safe blood transfusion is one of the 8 signal functions of Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care (CEmOC) strategy, most of the designated public sector CEmOC facilities do not have on-site blood storage system. Emergent blood is mainly available from external blood banks. As a result, emergent patients are to rely on an unregulated network of brokers for blood which may raise question about blood safety...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907138/barriers-to-modern-contraceptive-use-in-kinshasa-drc
#3
Mbadu Muanda, Parfait Gahungu Ndongo, Leah D Taub, Jane T Bertrand
Recent research from Kinshasa, DRC, has shown that only one in five married women uses modern contraception; over one quarter have an unmet need for family planning; and almost 400 health facilities across Kinshasa report that they provide modern contraception. This study addresses the question: with reasonable physical access and relatively high unmet need, why is modern contraceptive prevalence so low? To this end, the research team conducted 6 focus groups of women (non-users of any method, users of traditional methods, and users of modern methods) and 4 of husbands (of users of traditional methods and in non-user unions) in health zones with relatively strong physical access to FP services...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900934/gender-relations-and-women-s-reproductive-health-in-south-sudan
#4
Sumit Kane, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Maryse Kok
BACKGROUND: In South Sudan, women disproportionately bear the burden of morbidity and mortality related to sexual and reproductive health, with a maternal mortality ratio of 789 deaths per 100,000 live births. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to analyze how gendered social relations among the Fertit people affect women's ability to exercise control over their reproductive lives and thereby their sexual and reproductive health. Transcripts of 5 focus group discussions and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted with purposefully selected community members and health personnel were analyzed using Connell's relational theory of gender...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899475/predictors-of-prenatal-smoking-and-attempted-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-community-based-study-of-romani-women-in-southeastern-europe
#5
Janko Jankovic, Zeljka Stamenkovic, Kristefer Stojanovski, Renee D Goodwin, Teresa Janevic
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine predictors of prenatal smoking, and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy among Romani women. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study (November 2012 to February 2013) of 410 Romani women in Roma settlements in Serbia and Macedonia was conducted. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of prenatal smoking and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy. RESULTS: Romani women older than 30 years and those who were living with a man were over twice as likely (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881342/-factors-affecting-maternal-physical-activities-an-analysis-based-on-the-structural-equation-modeling
#6
Yi Liu, Bi-Ru Luo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors affecting maternal physical activities at different stages among pregnant women. METHODS: Self-designed questionnaires were used to investigate the physical activities of women in different stages, including 650 in the first, 650 in the second, and 750 in the third trimester of pregnancy. The factors affecting maternal physical activities were analyzed using the structural equation model that comprised 4 latent variables (attitude, norm, behavioral attention and behavior) with observed variables that matched the latent variables...
November 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873558/antenatal-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-deterioration-in-perceived-social-support-across-the-perinatal-period-a-four-wave-cohort-study-in-turkey
#7
V Senturk, M Abas, M Dewey, O Berksun, R Stewart
BACKGROUND: In a perinatal cohort of women in urban and rural Turkey, we investigated associations between antenatal depressive symptoms and subsequent changes in perceived quality of key family relationships. METHOD: Of 730 women recruited in their third trimester (94.6% participation), 578 (79.2%) were reassessed at a mean of 4.1 (s.d. = 3.3) months after childbirth, 488 (66.8%) were reassessed at 13.7 (s.d. = 2.9) months, and 448 (61.4%) at 20.8 (s.d. = 2.7) months...
November 22, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871256/domestic-violence-among-antenatal-attendees-in-a-kathmandu-hospital-and-its-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Monika Shrestha, Sumina Shrestha, Binjwala Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence during pregnancy is a public health problem which violates human rights and causes an adverse effect on both maternal and fetal health. The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of domestic violence among the pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic, to explore the associated factors, and to identify the perpetrators of domestic violence. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 404 pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870748/the-determinants-of-physical-activity-in-rural-women-aged-20-to-44-years-in-georgia
#9
Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H Tedders, Moya L Alfonso, Robert L Vogel
Physical activity rates in rural women are very low. The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of physical activity in rural women aged 20 to 44 years. A survey was used to collect data on a cluster sample of 184 participants. This study was guided by Self-Determination Theory. Survey data suggest that the highest type of motivation was identified regulation, and husband's support had the strongest effect on physical activity. Findings suggest that a history of sports participation can lead to the formation of intrinsic motivation...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866490/multilevel-linear-regression-analysis-of-factors-influencing-body-mass-index-among-bangladeshi-married-non-pregnant-women
#10
Md Kamruzzaman, A S M A Mamun, Sheikh Muhammad Abu Bakar, Aik Saw, T Kamarul, Md Nurul Islam, Md Golam Hossain
The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing the body mass index (BMI) of non-pregnant married Bangladeshi women of reproductive age. Secondary (Hierarchy) data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, collected using two-stage stratified cluster sampling, were used. Two-level linear regression analysis was performed to remove the cluster effect of the variables. The mean BMI of married non-pregnant Bangladeshi women was 21.60±3.86 kg/m2, and the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity was 22...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865363/pathology-based-staging-for-hpv-positive-squamous-carcinoma-of-the-oropharynx
#11
B H Haughey, P Sinha, D Kallogjeri, R L Goldberg, J S Lewis, J F Piccirillo, R S Jackson, E J Moore, M Brandwein-Gensler, S J Magnuson, W R Carroll, T M Jones, M D Wilkie, A Lau, N S Upile, Jon Sheard, J Lancaster, S Tandon, M Robinson, D Husband, I Ganly, J P Shah, D M Brizel, B O'Sullivan, J A Ridge, W M Lydiatt
OBJECTIVE: The rapid worldwide rise in incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has generated studies confirming this disease as an entity distinct from traditional OPSCC. Based on pathology, surgical studies have revealed prognosticators specific to HPV-positive OPSCC. The current AJCC/UICC staging and pathologic nodal (pN)-classification do not differentiate for survival, demonstrating the need for new, HPV-specific OPSCC staging...
November 2016: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864519/faith-and-marital-violence-in-sub-saharan-africa-exploring-the-links-between-religious-affiliation-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-ghana
#12
Baffour K Takyi, Enoch Lamptey
Research shows that intimate partner violence is quite widespread throughout the world. In the case of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), studies have concluded that cultural and economic factors help to sustain the spread and maintenance of intimate partner violence in the region. Although the cultural interpretations predominate in current research, few have examined the links between religion, an important cultural variable, and intimate partner violence in SSA. Given the growth and importance of religion in African cultures, we used data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic Health Survey (n = 1,831) and ordinary least squares regression method to investigate the links between religious affiliation and intimate partner violence...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856504/child-marriage-and-women-s-attitude-towards-wife-beating-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-currently-married-adolescent-and-young-women-in-pakistan
#13
Muazzam Nasrullah, Sana Muazzam, Faisal Khosa, Muhammad Mobarak Hussain Khan
BACKGROUND: Child marriage (before 18 years) is widely prevalent in Pakistan, and disproportionately affects young girls in rural, low income and poorly-educated households. Our study aims to determine the association of child marriage and attitude towards wife beating among currently married Pakistani women aged 15-24 after controlling for social equity indicators (education, wealth index, rural residence). METHODS: We limited the data from Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, 2012-2013 to currently married women aged 15-24 years (n=2648)...
November 17, 2016: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855085/comparison-of-acupuncture-pretreatment-followed-by-letrozole-versus-letrozole-alone-on-live-birth-in-anovulatory-infertile-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Juan Li, Ernest Hung Yu Ng, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Zhenxing Hu, Wanting Wu, Maohua Lai, Taixiang Wu, Hongxia Ma
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is considered to be one of the major pathophysiological changes in PCOS that leads to anovulatory infertility. We hypothesise that electroacupuncture pretreatment improves insulin sensitivity and leads to a higher ovulation rate and greater chances of live birth after the induction of ovulation. The effect of electroacupuncture pretreatment followed by ovulation induction in women with anovulatory PCOS has not been investigated before, and we present here a randomised controlled trial to test this hypothesis by comparing electroacupuncture pretreatment followed by letrozole versus letrozole alone in anovulatory women with PCOS...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853328/domestic-violence-in-methamphetamine-psychotic-users-psychiatric-inpatients-and-healthy-people-a-comparative-study
#15
Seyed Mohammad Rasoul Khalkhali, Kiomars Najafi, Reza Ahmadi, Azadeh Yousefnezhad, Azam Hamidi, Masoumeh Ellahi, Ali Amiri, Afsar Montakhabi, Maryam Zavarmousavi
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is a serious threat to the physical and mental health of women. The aim of the present study was to find and compare the frequency of domestic violence between methamphetamine users, patients with psychiatric disorders, and healthy people. METHODS: In this analytical cross-sectional study, methamphetamine users (n=30) and patients with psychiatric disorders (n=30) were women whose husbands were hospitalized during 2014 in Shafa Psychiatric Hospital in Guilan...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852239/determinants-of-use-of-health-facility-for-childbirth-in-rural-hadiya-zone-southern-ethiopia
#16
Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Fawole Bukola, Arowojolu Ayodele
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality remains a major global public health concern despite many international efforts. Facility-based childbirth increases access to appropriate skilled attendance and emergency obstetric care services as the vast majority of obstetric complications occur during delivery. The purpose of the study was to determine the proportion of facility delivery and assess factors influencing utilization of health facility for childbirth. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural districts of Hadiya zone, southern Ethiopia...
November 16, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847483/screening-for-postpartum-depression-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Xinli Chi, Peichao Zhang, Haiyan Wu, Jian Wang
Objectives: This study examined what percentage of Chinese mothers during a three-year postpartum period were screened for postpartum depression and explored the correlation between postpartum depression and various socio-demographic, psychological, and cultural factors. Study design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: A total of 506 mothers 23 years of age and older who were within three years postpartum completed the online survey. The survey collected information such as family economic status, a history of depression, preparation for pregnancy, relationships with husbands, and family members, adult attachment types (Adult Attachment Scale, AAS), and depression (The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CESD)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846734/reproductive-technologies-and-the-risk-of-congenital-heart-defects
#18
Satoru Iwashima, Takamichi Ishikawa, Hiroaki Itoh
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has become widespread, accounting for ∼2% of all births worldwide, with a similar proportion in Japan. Our goal was to determine whether ART is associated with an increased risk of congenital heart defect (CHD). The study subjects were 2716 pregnant women (2317 in a spontaneous conception [SC] group and 399 in an assisted conception [AC] group). Of patients in the AC group, 142 were treated with ovulation-inducing agents (OIAs), 56 with artificial insemination by the husband (AIH), 159 with in vitro fertilization (IVF), and 42 with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)...
November 16, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845536/mri
#19
Dianne Silvestri
This poem describes the experience of having an MRI performed. The writer describes the jolting magnets against her banging heart. She closes her eyes and remembers reclining against her husband in a gondola in Venice. (PsycINFO Database Record
March 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836007/using-guidelines-to-improve-neonatal-health-in-china-and-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#20
Joanna Raven, Xiaoyun Liu, Dan Hu, Weiming Zhu, Dinh Thi Phuong Hoa, Le Minh Thi, Doan Thi Thuy Duong, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Tim Martineau
BACKGROUND: Neonatal health (NH) remains a major problem in many countries. Children dying before 28 days often suffer from conditions that are preventable or treatable with proven, cost-effective interventions. The knowledge gaps are no longer about what should be done, but to understand why guidelines including these interventions are not followed. Using a behaviour change framework, this study explores neonatal health guidelines use and the role of management in supporting effective usage in two rural settings in China and Vietnam...
November 11, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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