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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635410/pelvic-floor-dysfunction-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Seyed Abdolvahab Taghavi, Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Helen Allan, Zahra Khashavi, Nasrin Reisi, Nadiyeh Dosha, Fatemeh Aghili, Mohadeseh Keramati, Sedigheh Zahedi, Amireh Aji-Ramkani
The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) symptoms in patients with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and among different PCOS phenotypes. This was a case-control study. All participants were assessed using ultrasonography to determine the presence or absence of polycystic ovaries (PCO) and allocated to the case or control group (having healthy females whose husbands were diagnosed with male infertility). The case group was then further subdivided into the three phenotypes according to the presence or absence of menstrual dysfunction (M), hyperandrogenism (HA) and PCO on ultrasonography...
February 21, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635408/assisted-reproductive-technologies-and-the-iranian-community-attitude-towards-infertility
#2
Aliyar Ahmadi, Sara Bamdad
Since the late 1990s, assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have been legitimized in Iran through an official religious endorsement. Iran, under the dominant authority of the Shia sect, is now the most enthusiastic adopter of ARTs in the Muslim world, permitting all forms of treatments, including third party donation. This study examined the public perception of assisted conception and its influence on the adoption of these methods in Iran. The study was questionnaire-based and conducted in 2012 in Shiraz, the most populated city in the south of Iran...
February 7, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633667/hpv-and-cofactors-for-invasive-cervical-cancer-in-morocco-a-multicentre-case-control-study
#3
Mohamed Berraho, Afaf Amarti-Riffi, Mohammed El-Mzibri, Rachid Bezad, Noureddine Benjaafar, Abdelatif Benideer, Noureddine Matar, Zinab Qmichou, Naima Abda, Mohammed Attaleb, Kaoutar Znati, Hind El Fatemi, Karima Bendahhou, Majdouline Obtel, Abdelhai Filali Adib, Simone Mathoulin-Pelissier, Chakib Nejjari
BACKGROUND: Limited national information is available in Morocco on the prevalence and distribution of HPV-sub-types of cervical cancer and the role of other risk factors. The aim was to determine the frequency of HPV-sub-types of cervical cancer in Morocco and investigate risk factors for this disease. METHODS: Between November 2009 and April 2012 a multicentre case-control study was carried out. A total of 144 cases of cervical cancer and 288 age-matched controls were included...
June 20, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#4
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#5
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626827/the-effect-of-rapid-privatisation-on-mortality-in-mono-industrial-towns-in-post-soviet-russia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Aytalina Azarova, Darja Irdam, Alexi Gugushvili, Mihaly Fazekas, Gábor Scheiring, Pia Horvat, Denes Stefler, Irina Kolesnikova, Vladimir Popov, Ivan Szelenyi, David Stuckler, Michael Marmot, Michael Murphy, Martin McKee, Martin Bobak, Lawrence King
BACKGROUND: Population-level data suggest that economic disruptions in the early 1990s increased working-age male mortality in post-Soviet countries. This study uses individual-level data, using an indirect estimation method, to test the hypothesis that fast privatisation increased mortality in Russia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we surveyed surviving relatives of individuals who lived through the post-communist transition to retrieve demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of their parents, siblings, and male partners...
May 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625119/sociodemographic-and-health-profile-of-heterosexual-men-living-with-hiv-in-ontario-canada
#7
Kristen M Wheeler, Tony Antoniou, Sandra Gardner, Lucia Light, Ramandip Grewal, Jason Globerman, Winston Husbands, Ann N Burchell
In Ontario, Canada, the number of heterosexual men living with HIV has increased over time, yet they remain an understudied population. The study objective was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of this population, using data from a multisite clinical cohort of patients receiving HIV care. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of men interviewed between 2010 and 2012 were compared according to their self-identified sexual orientation, followed by multivariable linear and logistic regression to assess the association of sexual orientation with CD4 cell count, viral load, hepatitis C co-infection, self-rated health, and mental health concerns after adjustment for covariates...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625034/family-support-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-yogyakarta-mothers-in-employment
#8
Dewi Ratnasari, Bunga Astria Paramashanti, Hamam Hadi, Anafrin Yugistyowati, Dewi Astiti, Eka Nurhayati
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exclusive breastfeeding provides many benefits to both infants and mothers. Despite the introduction of laws aimed at protecting the practice of exclusive breastfeeding, the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding remains low, particularly for working mothers. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This crosssectional study recruited working mothers employed in medium and large companies in Bantul District, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The study participants were 158 working mothers whose children were aged 6- 12 months, and they were selected using the probability proportional to size technique...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623928/the-effects-of-beliefs-about-aids-related-death-on-quality-of-life-in-chinese-married-couples-with-both-husband-and-wife-infected-with-hiv-examining-congruence-using-the-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#9
Nancy Xiaonan Yu
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study examined the actor and partner effects of beliefs about AIDS-related death on quality of life in Chinese married couples in which both were living with HIV. METHODS: A total of 49 married couples in central China who were both infected with HIV completed measures to assess their beliefs about AIDS-related death and quality of life. RESULTS: In the actor-partner interdependence model, the husband-wife dyad showed congruence in their beliefs about AIDS-related death (r = ...
June 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615139/the-impact-of-marriage-and-parenthood-on-male-body-mass-index-static-and-dynamic-effects
#10
Joanna Syrda
RATIONALE: Numerous cross-sectional studies investigated the link between marital status and BMI in the context of competing social science theories (marriage market, marriage selection, marriage protection and social obligation), frequently offering conflicting theoretical predictions and conflicting empirical findings. OBJECTIVE: This study analysed the effects of marriage, divorce, pregnancy, and parenthood on male BMI in a longitudinal setting, avoiding the estimation bias of cross-sectional studies and allowing for an analysis of BMI fluctuation over time and the dynamic effects of these events...
June 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612151/the-genetics-journey-a-case-report-of-a-genetic-diagnosis-made-30-years-later
#11
Linford A Williams, Shane C Quinonez, Wendy R Uhlmann
Mandibulofacial dysostosis with microcephaly (MFDM) is a rare autosomal dominant condition that was first described in 2006. The causative gene, EFTUD2, identified in 2012. We report on a family that initially presented to a pediatric genetics clinic in the 1980s for evaluation of multiple congenital anomalies. Re-evaluation of one member thirty years later resulted in a phenotypic and molecularly confirmed diagnosis of MFDM. This family's clinical histories and the novel EFTUD2 variant identified, c.1297_1298delAT (p...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607649/influencing-factors-in-choosing-delivery-method-iranian-primiparous-women-s-perspective
#12
Ahmad Moosavi, Sepideh Gareh Sheikhlou, Sara Gareh Sheikhlou, Kolsum Abdolahi, Leila Yaminifar, Maryam Maktabi
BACKGROUND: Studies on the primiparous mothers' decision on delivery method are limited. AIM: The aim of his study was to determine the factors that influence the choice of delivery method by Iranian primiparous women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in April through September 2014. Participants were 460 primiparous women in 8 hospitals of 4 cities in Iran. Finally, 230 cesarean section and 230 vaginal delivery women were selected...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605685/adopting-a-dyadic-perspective-to-better-understand-the-association-between-physical-attractiveness-and-dieting-motivations-and-behaviors
#13
Tania Reynolds, Andrea L Meltzer
The relationship between women's objective physical attractiveness and their dieting motivations and behaviors may depend upon their social environment-specifically, their romantic partners' attractiveness-such that less attractive women with more attractive partners may be particularly motivated to diet. Theoretically, men's dieting motivations should not depend on their partners' attractiveness. We tested this possibility using a sample of 223 U.S. newlywed spouses. After completing measures assessing dieting motivations, each participant was photographed; we used those photographs to code spouses' objective facial and body attractiveness...
June 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601702/an-assessment-of-the-association-between-asset-ownership-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-pakistan
#14
N S Murshid
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the association between women's reports of asset ownership (home and land) and experience of three types of intimate partner violence (IPV): physical violence, emotional violence, and husbands' controlling behaviors. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based secondary analysis. METHOD: This cross-sectional study used data from a sub-sample of 658 women from the nationally representative Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-13...
June 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600057/molecular-genetic-characterization-of-a-prenatally-detected-de-novo-interstitial-deletion-of-chromosome-20p-20p12-p13-encompassing-jag1-and-a-literature-review-of-prenatal-diagnosis-of-alagille-syndrome
#15
Chih-Ping Chen, Chang-Sheng Yin, Liang-Kai Wang, Schu-Rern Chern, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Peih-Shan Wu, Wen-Lin Chen, Wayseen Wang
OBJECTIVE: We present prenatal diagnosis and molecular genetic characterization of a de novo interstitial deletion of chromosome 20p (20p12-p13) and a literature review of prenatal diagnosis of Alagille syndrome (ALGS). CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 17 weeks of gestation because of an abnormal result of combined first-trimester screening. Her husband was 35 years old, and there was no family history of congenital malformations. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 46,XY,del(20)(p12p13), and array comparative genomic hybridization analysis on uncultured amniocytes revealed a 3...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599034/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-two-arm-clinical-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-a-bioelectric-dressing-system-for-blister-management-in-us-army-ranger-recruits
#16
Greggory J Housler, Sue Cross, Vanessa Marcel, Daniel O Kennedy, Michael Husband, Andrew Register, Thomas Roberts, Seth Grubbs, Douglas Dudewicz, Nathan Setka, Curt Bay, Martin E Wendelken, Mina J Izadjoo
This study focused on a clinically relevant healthcare problem in the military: acute soft tissue wounds, or blisters. The trial was a prospective, controlled, randomized two-arm study evaluating the efficacy of a bioelectric dressing, Procellera®, applied topically two to three times per week for 2 weeks to blisters developed in Ranger trainees during training at Fort Benning, Georgia. A total of 80 US Army Ranger recruits with blister wounds below the knee were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (n = 40/group)...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597177/dynamical-systems-modeling-of-couple-interaction-a-new-method-for-assessing-intervention-impact-across-the-transition-to-parenthood
#17
Mark E Feinberg, Mengya Xia, Gregory M Fosco, Richard E Heyman, Sy-Miin Chow
This study explored the use of dynamical systems modeling techniques to evaluate self- and co-regulation of affect in couples' interactions before and after the transition to parenthood, and the impact of the Family Foundations program on these processes. Thirty-four heterosexual couples, randomized to intervention and control conditions, participated in videotaped dyadic interaction tasks at pretest (during pregnancy) and posttest (1 year after birth). Husbands' and wives' positivity and negativity were micro-coded throughout interactions...
June 9, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594842/-if-my-husband-leaves-me-i-will-go-home-and-suffer-so-better-cling-to-him-and-hide-this-thing-the-influence-of-gender-on-option-b-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-participation-in-malawi-and-uganda
#18
Valerie L Flax, Jennifer Yourkavitch, Elialilia S Okello, John Kadzandira, Anne Ruhweza Katahoire, Alister C Munthali
The role of gender in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) participation under Option B+ has not been adequately studied, but it is critical for reducing losses to follow-up. This study used qualitative methods to examine the interplay of gender and individual, interpersonal, health system, and community factors that contribute to PMTCT participation in Malawi and Uganda. We conducted in-depth interviews with women in PMTCT, women lost to follow-up, government health workers, and stakeholders at organizations supporting PMTCT as well as focus group discussions with men...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593052/scaling-up-contraceptives-use-in-the-division-with-lowest-contraceptives-use-in-bangladesh-sources-methods-and-determinants
#19
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Sharmin Majumder, Atia Sharmeen, Rifath Ara Alam Barsha, Shakir Hossen
BACKGROUND: Total fertility rate (TFR) is high and at a static level for the last two decades in Bangladesh. Reduction of fertility by increasing contraceptives use could reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. To achieve the targeted contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) Initiative, it is important to increase CPR in all regions of the country. However, it is lower in Sylhet Division compared to other divisions in Bangladesh. This study looked into the methods, source and determinants of contraceptives use in this division...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588183/orlistat-the-lipase-inhibitor-therapy-in-overweight-and-obese-subfertile-women
#20
D Rahman, S M Shahida, T Hussain, A Begum
This experimental study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of orlistat (a pancreatic lipase inhibitor) therapy over lifestyle change on weight reduction and ovulation in overweight and obese subfertile women. It was carried out in Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) Dhaka, Bangladesh from August 2015 to January 2016. Subfertile obese and overweight female patients attending the study centre during study period was considered as study population...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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