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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774802/the-notion-of-manhood-embedment-in-the-practice-of-traditional-male-circumcision-in-ngove-village-limpopo-south-africa
#1
Tryphosa Siweya, Tholene Sodi, Mbuyiselo Douglas
Traditional male circumcision (TMC) is a cultural ritual that involves the removal of the penile foreskin of a male person undertaken as part of a rite of passage from childhood into adulthood. The aim of the study was to determine the notions of manhood in TMC by African adolescent boys in Ngove Village, Limpopo Province. This was a qualitative study that sampled a total of 20 adolescent boys through purposive sampling. Data were collected using semistructured interviews and analyzed through interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735204/the-dynamic-nature-of-gender-and-aging-bodies
#2
Toni Calasanti, Neal King
To test a popular belief that men and women become more alike with age, we ask whether and how bodily changes that accompany aging might influence the ways that people do gender. Drawing on theories that view both gender and age as ongoing accomplishments, we use interview data gathered from people aged 42-61 years to ask whether masculinity and femininity become less relevant with age, whether people feel themselves to be less gendered. Our analysis shows, first, that respondents see manhood and womanhood as rooted in the appearances of their bodies...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684866/the-mediation-roles-of-discrepancy-stress-and-self-esteem-between-masculine-role-discrepancy-and-mental-health-problems
#3
Xue Yang, Joseph T F Lau, Zixin Wang, Yee-Ling Ma, Mason C M Lau
INTRODUCTION: Masculine role discrepancy and discrepancy stress occur when men perceive that they fail to live up to the ideal manhood derived from societal prescriptions. The present study examined the associations between masculine role discrepancy and two emotional and mental health problems (social anxiety and depressive symptoms), and potential mediation effects through discrepancy stress and self-esteem in a male general population. METHODS: Based on random population-based sampling, 2000 male residents in Hong Kong were interviewed...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557237/physical-activity-interventions-with-african-american-or-latino-men-a-systematic-review
#4
Derek M Griffith, Erin M Bergner, Emily K Cornish, Chelsea M McQueen
Relatively little is known about what helps increase physical activity in African American men, and even less is known about promoting physical activity among Latino men. This systematic review aimed to address the key questions: (a) what is the state of the evidence on health-related behavior change interventions targeting physical activity among African American or Latino men? and (b) What factors facilitate physical activity for these men? For this review, nine electronic databases were searched to identify peer-reviewed articles published between 2011-2017 that reported interventions to promote physical activity among African American or Latino men...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538513/-give-her-booze-and-she-ll-loosen-up-gender-violence-in-northeast-brazilian-forr%C3%A3-lyrics-and-parties
#5
Aline Veras Morais Brilhante, Marilyn Kay Nations, Ana Maria Fontenelle Catrib
Violence against women is primarily a socially produced issue of gender-hierarchy cultural values. This study aimed to unveil the meanings assigned to sexual violence against women in the forró lyrics by adolescent boys living on the outskirts of Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Our point of departure was ethnomusicology, the theory of which contends that studies of regional songs and their performances transcend the geographic space in which they are performed, to the extent that they reflect universally disseminated practices in the legitimation of violence...
March 8, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471766/aids-and-masculinity-in-the-african-city-privilege-inequality-and-modern-manhood
#6
Percy Mdunge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383591/the-son-s-fault-martin-luther-king-jr-s-search-for-and-recovery-of-sonship
#7
Jay-Paul Hinds
This article examines the role of sonship in the psychological and spiritual development of men. In using the methodology of psychobiography, I explore the life history of Martin Luther King, Jr. to analyze his search for and recovery of sonship. I propose that sonship helps men rebel against and, in the end, overcome the feelings of inadequacy that are experienced in their struggles to achieve manhood, particularly within the father-son dyad. The scholarship of pastoral theologian Donald Capps is instructive in this regard, in that he suggests that sons should be allowed to search for a male figure, a father-substitute, who can affirm, not disdain or reject, this state of sonship...
April 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198153/how-do-men-s-magazines-talk-about-penises
#8
Craig Owen, Christine Campbell
Constructions of masculinity have shifted and changed but the central role of the penis has remained firm. Yet, despite the implications for sexual health, there has been very little research on discourses around penises. The messages men receive about their manhood is apparent in articles in men's magazines. We conducted a discursive analysis of the ways in which penises were discussed in four market leading UK titles: Loaded, Men's Health, GQ and Attitude. Two broad discourses were identified, termed Laddish and Medicalised, both of which create fear-ridden spaces where men are bombarded with unachievable masculine ideals and traumatic examples of mutilated members...
February 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182649/men-s-perspectives-of-prostate-cancer-screening-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#9
REVIEW
Laura J James, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Camilla S Hanson, Angela Ju, Kirsten Howard, Tim Usherwood, Howard Lau, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men. Screening for prostate cancer is widely accepted; however concerns regarding the harms outweighing the benefits of screening exist. Although patient's play a pivotal role in the decision making process, men may not be aware of the controversies regarding prostate cancer screening. Therefore we aimed to describe men's attitudes, beliefs and experiences of prostate cancer screening. METHODS: Systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies on men's perspectives of prostate cancer screening...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072123/opinions-and-perceptions-regarding-traditional-male-circumcision-with-related-deaths-and-complications
#10
Mbuyiselo Douglas, Thelmah Xavela Maluleke, Thabang Manyaapelo, Vicki Pinkney-Atkinson
The notion of manhood values is highly treasured and respected by various cultural groups practicing traditional male circumcision (TMC) in South Africa. This study was conducted at Libode, Eastern Cape, South Africa. The goals of this study were to (a) explore opinions and perceptions related to TMC among boys from 12 to 18 years of age, and (b) determine the actions to be taken to prevent high mortality and morbidity rates related to TMC. A simple random sampling was used to select three focus group discussions with 36 circumcised boys, and purposive sampling was used to select 10 key informants...
March 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041800/an-exploration-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-xhosa-men-concerning-traditional-circumcision
#11
Salome Froneman, Paul A Kapp
BACKGROUND: The practice of traditional circumcision is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, yet there is a paucity of literature that provides an understanding of the cultural values that influence men to choose traditional rather than medical circumcision.The aim of this study was to better understand the culture surrounding traditional circumcision, with a view to addressing morbidity and mortality rates associated with the Xhosa male initiation rituals.We explored Xhosa men's perceptions regarding the need for the risks and the social pressure to undergo traditional circumcision, the impact of non-initiation or failed initiation and the perceived barriers to obtaining medical help for the complications of traditional circumcisions...
October 13, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802199/precarious-manhood-and-muscularity-effects-of-threatening-men-s-masculinity-on-reported-strength-and-muscle-dissatisfaction
#12
David A Frederick, Lily M Shapiro, Tonicia R Williams, Christiana M Seoane, Rachel T McIntosh, Emily W Fischer
The precarious manhood perspective proposes that men respond with aggression when they experience threats to their masculinity. Consistent with this view, we hypothesized that men would represent themselves as stronger and more formidable after their masculinity was threatened. A recent study, however, found that men reported less physical strength when threatened (Hunt, Gonsalkorale, & Murray, 2013). In the current two studies (Ns=193; 450), men were given false feedback about whether they were substantially less masculine (masculinity threatened) or more masculine than average (masculinity reassured)...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537954/a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies-exploring-men-s-sense-of-masculinity-post-prostate-cancer-treatment
#13
Obrey Alexis, Aaron James Worsley
BACKGROUND: There has been little psychosocial research concerning men's adaption to prostate cancer and treatment-related sexual dysfunction. Qualitative studies have explored men's sense of self after treatment, but the data have yet to be synthesized. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring men's sense of masculinity after treatment of prostate cancer. METHODS: Six databases were searched to identify relevant studies conducted and published between January 1990 and August 2016...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333100/understanding-the-psychosocial-correlates-of-the-intention-to-use-condoms-among-young-men-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#14
Thabang Manyaapelo, Anam Nyembezi, Robert A C Ruiter, Bart van den Borne, Sibusiso Sifunda, Priscilla Reddy
South Africa leads the world with the number of people infected with HIV. Even with all attempts that have been made to curb HIV, it is still evident that new infections are on the rise. Condom use remains one of the best tools against this challenge yet a small number of sexually active men use them. This study investigates the psychosocial correlates of the intention to use condoms among young men in KwaZulu-Natal province. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a framework, hierarchical linear regression models were used to determine the unique contribution of the study measures in explaining the overall variance of intention to consistently use condoms...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986091/from-early-detection-to-rehabilitation-in-the-community-reading-beyond-the-blog-testimonies-of-survivors-quality-of-life-and-prostate-cancer-representation
#15
Margareth Santos Zanchetta, Marguerite Cognet, Mary Rachel Lam-Kin-Teng, Marie Elisabeth Dumitriu, Lise Renaud, Jacques Rhéaume
BACKGROUND: Survivors' testimonies can reveal much about men's experiences of prostate cancer and impacts on their quality of life (QOL) during the clinical trajectory of the disease. These survivors' shared thoughts and views were hypothesized to reflect salient features of their lived social representation of prostate cancer. CONTEXT: We explored the content of testimonies posted by men to a public blog hosted by a French national prostate cancer patients' association...
December 16, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942251/the-effects-of-radical-prostatectomy-on-gay-and-bisexual-men-s-mental-health-sexual-identity-and-relationships-qualitative-results-from-the-restore-study
#16
B R Simon Rosser, Benjamin Capistrant, Beatriz Torres, Badrinath Konety, Enyinnaya Merengwa, Darryl Mitteldorf, William West
The effect of prostate cancer treatment in gay and bisexual men is an under-researched area. In 2015, we conducted in-depth telephone interviews with 19 gay and bisexual men who had undergone radical prostatectomies. Across the respondents' five emotional themes emerged: (1) shock at the diagnosis, (2) a reactive, self-reported "depression", (3) sex-specific situational anxiety, (4) a sense of grief, and, (5) an enduring loss of sexual confidence. Identity challenges included loss of a sense of maleness and manhood, changes in strength of sexual orientation, role-in-sex identity, and immersion into sexual sub-cultures...
2016: Sexual and Relationship Therapy: Journal of the British Association for Sexual and Relationship Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722182/perceptions-about-mercury-and-lead-in-fish-consumed-in-lake-albert-fishing-communities-uganda
#17
Tamale Andrew, Ejobi Francis, Muyanja Charles, Irene Naigaga, Nakavuma Jesca, Ocaido Micheal, Katuhoire Anne, Amulen Deborah
Fish consumption is a lifestyle in fishing communities influenced by individual and communal perceptions. However, information about individual perceptions about fish consumption in the vulnerable fishing community in a developing country is lacking. Without this study, the benefits of fish consumption in a vulnerable community may not be realized. Data collection was executed using key informant interviews and survey structured questionnaires. The key informants include fisheries, community development, veterinary, community and environmental officers...
December 31, 2016: Cogent Food & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652105/exploring-the-nature-of-science-through-courage-and-purpose-a-case-study-of-charles-darwin-s-way-of-knowing
#18
Joel I Cohen
INTRODUCTION: In 1836, Charles Darwin returned to England with finches classified and seemingly showing little resemblance. However, subsequent examination by John Gould revealed 13 closely related species endemic to the Galápagos Islands. Despite initial confusion, and Darwin's overlooking to label these birds by island, some 100 years later they had become evolution's icon. The same could be said of Darwin's education and scientific pursuits, beginning in a rough, trial and error manner, lacking direction, but eventually benefitting from an unexpected opportunity that would lead to his theory of natural selection...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411913/the-psychosocial-determinants-of-the-intention-to-avoid-sexual-engagement-when-intoxicated-among-young-men-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#19
Thabang Manyaapelo, Robert A C Ruiter, Anam Nyembezi, Bart van den Borne, Sibusiso Sifunda, Priscilla Reddy
BACKGROUND: A cross sectional study was conducted among 350 sexually active, mainly unemployed men between the ages of 18 and 35 in KwaZulu-Natal. This study examined the psychosocial determinants of the intention to be sexually active after having used marijuana or alcohol personally or in instances when the sexual partner is intoxicated. The theory of planned behaviour and cultural notions of responsible manhood were used in developing the measures. METHODS: Correlation and hierarchical stepwise linear regression analyses tested determinants of the intention to avoid having sex when personally intoxicated and the intention to avoid sex when the sexual partner is intoxicated...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232591/gay-xhosa-men-s-experiences-of-ulwaluko-traditional-male-initiation
#20
Anathi Ntozini, Hlonelwa Ngqangweni
This paper explores the lives of gay men undergoing traditional initiation in the Eastern Cape. Nine participants aged between 18 and 26 reported their reasons for becoming traditionally circumcised, which included personal validation of cultural manhood, the desire to conform to societal norms and expectations, and pressure from family members to 'convert' them to heterosexuality. While homosexuality remains a target for vilification and abuse both in Southern Africa and across the African continent, practices such as ulwaluko (traditional male initiation) must surely be among the most threatening to a young gay Xhosa man's self-esteem...
November 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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