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L Badet, X Matillon, R Codas, M-O Timsit, R Thuret, F Kleinclauss, D Demede
AIMS: To describe indications, surgical aspects, results and outcomes of kidney transplantation in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive systematic review of the scientific literature was performed in the Medline database ( and Embase ( using different associations of the following keywords (MESH): "kidney transplantation", "pediatric", "children", "outcomes". Publications obtained were selected based on methodology, language, date of publication (last 10 years) and relevance...
September 29, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Joel I Cohen
INTRODUCTION: In 1836, Charles Darwin returned to England with finches classified and seemingly showing little resemblance. However, subsequent examination by John Gould revealed 13 closely related species endemic to the Galápagos Islands. Despite initial confusion, and Darwin's overlooking to label these birds by island, some 100 years later they had become evolution's icon. The same could be said of Darwin's education and scientific pursuits, beginning in a rough, trial and error manner, lacking direction, but eventually benefitting from an unexpected opportunity that would lead to his theory of natural selection...
2016: SpringerPlus
Vincent Lee, Daniel Attinger
Following a recent trend of scientific studies on artwork, we study here the thermodynamics of a thermometer made of zisha ceramic, related to the Chinese tea culture. The thermometer represents a boy who "urinates" shortly after hot water is poured onto his head. Long jetting distance is said to indicate that the water temperature is hot enough to brew tea. Here, a thermodynamic model describes the jetting phenomenon of that pee-pee boy. The study demonstrates how thermal expansion of an interior air pocket causes jetting...
2016: Scientific Reports
John E Pachankis, H Jonathon Rendina, Arjee Restar, Ana Ventuneac, Christian Grov, Jeffrey T Parsons
OBJECTIVE: Sexual compulsivity represents a significant public health concern among gay and bisexual men, given its co-occurrence with other mental health problems and HIV infection. The purpose of this study was to examine a model of sexual compulsivity based on minority stress theory and emotion regulation models of mental health among gay and bisexual men. METHOD: Gay and bisexual men in New York City reporting at least nine past-90-day sexual partners (n = 374) completed measures of distal minority stressors (i...
August 2015: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Tim Lomas, Tina Cartwright, Trudi Edginton, Damien Ridge
Traditional masculinities can mean men are unable or unwilling to deal constructively with distress. However, researchers increasingly acknowledge that men and masculinities (including hegemonic styles) are diverse. Moreover, men can positively manage their well-being, although little research explores how they do so. Uniquely, our study sought to find men who report finding ways to care for themselves to examine narratives about how such self-care originated. We aimed to do this by exploring issues underpinning men's journeys towards meditation, focusing on implications for well-being...
March 2013: Health (London)
Susan Fox
Autonomy takes many shapes. The concept of "graduated autonomy" is conceived as comprising several unique features: (1) it is incremental, (2) it is proportional, and (3) it is related to the telos of the life stage during which it occurs. This paper focuses on graduated autonomy in the context of genetic testing during adolescence. Questions can be raised about other life stages as well, and some of these questions will be addressed by discussing a possible fourth characteristic of graduated autonomy, that is, its elasticity...
2012: Genetics Research International
Bradley Deane
Representations of perpetual boyhood came to fascinate the late Victorians, partly because such images could naturalize a new spirit of imperial aggression and new policies of preserving power. This article traces the emergence of this fantasy through a series of stories about the relationship of the boy and the pirate, figures whose opposition in mid-Victorian literature was used to articulate the moral legitimacy of colonialism, but who became doubles rather than antitheses in later novels, such as R.L. Stevenson's "Treasure Island" and Joseph Conrad's "Lord Jim...
2011: Victorian Studies
George W Rodway, Victoria Gibbs, Jeremy S Windsor
C. Raymond Greene (1901-1982) was a man of many talents. After graduating from medical school in 1927, he spent a decade in general practice. He subsequently became heavily involved in the emerging specialty of endocrinology and went on to gain considerable recognition in the treatment of thyroid disorders before eventually becoming involved in the world of medical publishing. Aside from Greene's mainstream vocational and intellectual pursuits, from boyhood he nurtured a passionate interest in mountaineering--first in his native Great Britain, and then the European Alps, and ultimately in the high Himalayas...
September 2011: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
John E Pachankis, J Lee Westmaas, Lea R Dougherty
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of smoking among gay men is considerably higher than in the general population. To investigate possible causes of this health risk disparity, this study used multilevel modeling of daily diary data to examine the temporal relationship between smoking and both sexual orientation concealment and masculine gender role variables. METHOD: Gay (n = 136) and heterosexual (n = 56) university students (mean age = 20.56, SD = 2.13) completed measures of boyhood and current gender nonconformity, as well as daily measures of smoking, negative affect, and masculinity self-consciousness across 9 days...
April 2011: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Qazi Rahman, Suraj Bhanot, Hanna Emrith-Small, Shilan Ghafoor, Steven Roberts
The present study explored whether there were relationships among gender nonconformity, intelligence, and sexual orientation. A total of 106 heterosexual men, 115 heterosexual women, and 103 gay men completed measures of demographic variables, recalled childhood gender nonconformity (CGN), and the National Adult Reading Test (NART). NART error scores were used to estimate Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Full-Scale IQ (FSIQ) and Verbal IQ (VIQ) scores. Gay men had significantly fewer NART errors than heterosexual men and women (controlling for years of education)...
June 2012: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Gina Bloom
This essay draws on a range of early modern writings on games and male development to examine aging men's nostalgia for boyhood play in Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale. In contrast to the psychoanalytic critical tradition, which presumes masculinity to be produced in conflict with women and/or femininity, I demonstrate masculinity to be a function not only of gender, but of age. The Winter's Tale explores the consequences of the early modern conception of boyhood as lying on a continuum with manhood, a conception reinforced by early modern views of the role of games in male development...
2010: English Literary Renaissance
Richard Green
By its title, Sex and Gender announced a conceptual breakthrough in distinguishing basic elements of human experience. In Robert Stoller's first book, patients illustrating this divergence were lucidly presented. Transvestites and the newly publicized transsexuals were two examples. Clinical and dynamic distinctions between the two formed a basis for Stoller's criteria for patient selection for "sex change." They remain current. The complex identity of the intersexed was described with sensitivity and insight...
December 2010: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Thandisizwe R Mavundla, Fulufhelo G Netswera, Ferenc Toth, Brian Bottoman, Stembele Tenge
Male circumcision is practiced in South Africa among the Xhosa people as a rite of passage from boyhood to manhood. The manhood status achieved after the ritual accords men power and authority in the community over women and uncircumcised men. Therefore, uninitiated men experience great pressures to get circumcised. We describe the experience of newly initiated Xhosa men in East London, South Africa. Interpretive phenomenology was used as the inquiry of choice. Data were collected through focus group discussions in which 14 men participated...
July 2010: Qualitative Health Research
N B Gwyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1920: Canadian Medical Association Journal
Willem Hendrik Gispen
David de Wied was a natural leader with many a talent. He was the director of the Rudolf Magnus Institute at Utrecht University and president of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. He coached over 75 Ph.D. students and hosted some 200 foreign scientists who joined him in his multidisciplinary neuropeptide research. Many of them became lifelong friends, frequenting the home of Liedje and David de Wied. Born in Deventer (The Netherlands) on January 12th, 1925, David de Wied's early boyhood first in Deventer and later in Leeuwarden appears to have been no different from that of any other provincial Dutch boys in pre-war Holland...
January 10, 2010: European Journal of Pharmacology
M Arnold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1962: Journal of the College of General Practitioners
J Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2007: Atenea
Chimaraoke Otutubikey Izugbara, Felicia Nwabuawele Modo
Drawing on interview data from rural Nigeria, the article explores male youth perceptions of the risks and benefits of multiple sexual partnerships. Participants associated having multiple sexual partners with several harmful health and nonhealth outcomes, including sexually transmitted infections, and frequently confirmed that the practice also bolsters their sense of maleness and boosts their acceptance and ranking among peers. Young males' involvement in multiple sexual partnerships should not be seen as always consequent on their ignorance of and/or indifference to the risks inherent in the behavior...
September 2007: American Journal of Men's Health
S Krämer, M Maarouf, U Müller-Lung
HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 58-year-old man was admitted because of septic fever for about one week with onset two weeks after an hemorrhoidectomy. He had been receiving methotrexate (MTX) since boyhood for severe psoriasis. Fifteen years before he had undergone a splenectomy after abdominal trauma. The patient was found to have diminished cognitive functions and memory disturbance, but no focal neurological deficits. INVESTIGATIONS: Laboratory tests were negative for inflammatory disease (normal white blood cell count, CRP and procalcitonin) and serial blood cultures remained sterile...
June 2009: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
M Hatzinger, D Vöge, M Sold, M Sohn
The phenomenon of castration is wedded to the baroque era. This epoch stands for pure sensual pleasure. Those who could afford it tried to arrange their earthly days to be as enjoyable as possible. A perverse bloom of this ambition was the angel-like voices of the castrati. The supernatural sound of the voice was meant to let the opera visitors escape into another world. High society was almost addicted to those voices. On the other hand nobody showed any interest in the spiritual life of the castrati. Farinelli, Nicolini, and Senesino, three of the most famous castrati, were the first musical superstars of the eighteenth century...
June 2009: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
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