keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MPTP

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332286/analysis-of-mitochondrial-markers-of-programmed-cell-death
#1
Dong Xiao, Huyi He, Wenjing Huang, Thet Lwin Oo, Aiqin Wang, Long-Fei He
Mitochondria play a crucial role in programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. In most cases of mitochondria-dependent PCD, cytochrome c (Cyt c) released from mitochondria due to the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) and the activation of caspase-like proteases. Here we describe the analytic methods of mitochondrial markers of PCD including mitochondria isolation, mitochondrial membrane permeability, mitochondrial inner membrane potential, Cytc release, ATP, and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332269/behavioral-biochemical-and-molecular-characterization-of-a-parkinson-s-disease-mouse-model-using-the-neurotoxin-2-ch3-mptp-a-novel-approach
#2
Alice Laschuk Herlinger, Agihane Rodrigues Almeida, Sarah Martins Presti-Silva, Evaldo Vitor Pereira, Filipe Andrich, Rita Gomes Wanderley Pires, Cristina Martins-Silva
The neurotoxin MPTP has long been used to create a mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Indeed, several MPTP analogues have been developed, including 2'-CH3-MPTP, which was shown to induce nigrostriatal DA neuronal depletion more potently than MPTP. However, no study on behavioral and molecular alterations in response to 2'-CH3-MPTP has been carried out so far. In the present work, 2'-CH3-MPTP was administered to mice (2.5, 5.0 and 10 mg/kg per injection, once a day, 5 days) and histological, biochemical, molecular and behavioral alterations were evaluated...
January 13, 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331741/extracellular-acidification-induces-ros-and-mptp-mediated-death-in-hek293-cells
#3
José Teixeira, Farhan Basit, Herman G Swarts, Marleen Forkink, Paulo J Oliveira, Peter H G M Willems, Werner J H Koopman
The extracellular pH (pHe) is a key determinant of the cellular (micro)environment and needs to be maintained within strict boundaries to allow normal cell function. Here we used HEK293 cells to study the effects of pHe acidification (24h), induced by mitochondrial inhibitors (rotenone, antimycin A) and/or extracellular HCl addition. Lowering pHe from 7.2 to 5.8 reduced cell viability by 70% and was paralleled by a decrease in cytosolic pH (pHc), hyperpolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψ), increased levels of hydroethidine-oxidizing ROS and stimulation of protein carbonylation...
December 30, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329581/microrna-124-regulates-the-expression-of-mekk3-in-the-inflammatory-pathogenesis-of-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Longping Yao, Yongyi Ye, Hengxu Mao, Fengfei Lu, Xiaozheng He, Guohui Lu, Shizhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder that is characterised by selective loss of midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Chronic inflammation of the central nervous system is mediated by microglial cells and plays a critical role in the pathological progression of PD. Brain-specific microRNA-124 (miR-124) expression is significantly downregulated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated BV2 cells and in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model of PD...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327399/plga-mpeg-nanoparticles-loaded-with-melatonin-protect-adipose-derived-stem-cells-transplanted-in-infarcted-heart-tissue
#5
Qiang Ma, Junjie Yang, Xu Huang, Weisheng Guo, Sulei Li, Hao Zhou, Jingwei Li, Yundai Chen
Stem cell transplantation is a promising therapeutic strategy for myocardial infarction. However, transplanted cells face low survival rates due to oxidative stress and the inflammatory microenvironment in ischemic heart tissue. Melatonin has been used as a powerful endogenous antioxidant to protect cells from oxidative injury. However, melatonin cannot play a long lasting effect against the hostile microenvironment. Nano drug delivery carriers have the ability to protect the loaded drug from degradation in physiological environments in a controlled manner, which results in longer effects and decreased side effects...
January 12, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325911/corrigendum-to-preventive-and-therapeutic-effects-of-caffeic-acid-against-inflammatory-injury-in-striatum-of-mptp-treated-mice-eur-j-pharmacol-670-2011-441-447
#6
Shih-Jei Tsai, Che-Yi Chao, Mei-Chin Yin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323705/the-protective-effects-of-distal-ischemic-treatment-on-apoptosis-and-mitochondrial-permeability-in-the-hippocampus-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#7
Xiang Zhou, Liu Yong, Yang Huang, ShuiBo Zhu, XiaoYang Song, BiXi Li, Jian Zhu, HaiBo Wang
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction are the main cause of neurological injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, the effects of distal ischemic treatments on ischemia-induced apoptosis are rarely studied, and the mechanism by which mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to CPR still unclear. METHODS: A rat model of distal ischemia was established by clipping the right femoral artery. Rats were divided into blank, model, pre-distal ischemic treatment, per-treatment, and post-treatment groups...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320500/brain-structural-changes-in-cynomolgus-monkeys-administered-with-1-methyl-4-phenyl-1-2-3-6-tetrahydropyridine-a-longitudinal-voxel-based-morphometry-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#8
Hyeonseok S Jeong, Sang-Rae Lee, Jieun E Kim, In Kyoon Lyoo, Sujung Yoon, Eun Namgung, Kyu-Tae Chang, Bom Sahn Kim, Sejung Yang, Jooyeon J Im, Saerom Jeon, Ilhyang Kang, Jiyoung Ma, Yong-An Chung, Soo Mee Lim
In animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD), 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is one of the most widely used agents that damages the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway. However, brain structural changes in response to MPTP remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate in vivo longitudinal changes in gray matter (GM) volume and white matter (WM) microstructure in primate models administered with MPTP. In six cynomolgus monkeys, high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) scans were acquired 7 times over 32 weeks, and assessments of motor symptoms were conducted over 15 months, before and after the MPTP injection...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310663/%C3%AE-synuclein-accumulation-and-gba-deficiency-due-to-l444p-gba-mutation-contributes-to-mptp-induced-parkinsonism
#9
Seung Pil Yun, Donghoon Kim, Sangjune Kim, SangMin Kim, Senthilkumar S Karuppagounder, Seung-Hwan Kwon, Saebom Lee, Tae-In Kam, Suhyun Lee, Sangwoo Ham, Jae Hong Park, Valina L Dawson, Ted M Dawson, Yunjong Lee, Han Seok Ko
BACKGROUND: Mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA) cause Gaucher disease (GD) and increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) and Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB). Since both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the pathogenesis of sporadic PD, we investigated the susceptibility of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) neurons in L444P GBA heterozygous knock-in (GBA +/L444P ) mice to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), a selective dopaminergic mitochondrial neurotoxin...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305524/-hete-ing-up-mitochondria-in-human-heart-failure
#10
Matthew J Wolf
A decade of research has established the phospholipase iPLA2γ as being involved in cardiomyocyte dysfunction and necrosis leading to heart failure, but the mechanisms by which iPLA2γ acts and its interaction with the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) that is critical for cardiac homeostasis are unclear. New investigations by Moon et al. demonstrate that mitochondria in failing hearts undergo dynamic shifts in PLA2 isoform expression, leading to a redistribution of eicosanoid composition that contributes to pathologic mPTP opening...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295576/intracellular-renin-inhibits-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore-via-activated-mitochondrial-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-erk-1-2-during-ischemia-in-diabetic-hearts
#11
Terumori Satoh, Masao Saotome, Hideki Katoh, Daishi Nonaka, Prottoy Hasan, Hideharu Hayashi, Yuichiro Maekawa
Although beneficial effects of non-secreting intracellular renin (ns-renin) against ischemia have been reported, the precise mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the roles of ns-renin and mitochondrial extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) 1/2 on mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening during ischemia in diabetes mellitus (DM) hearts. When isolated hearts from Wistar rats (non-DM hearts) and Goto-Kakizaki rats (DM hearts) were subjected to ischemia for 70 min by left anterior descending coronary artery ligation, DM hearts exhibited higher left ventricular (LV) developed pressure and lower LV end-diastolic pressure than non-DM hearts, suggesting ischemic resistance...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288949/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-2-3-arylureido-pyridines-and-2-3-arylureido-pyrazines-as-potential-modulators-of-a%C3%AE-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Ahmed Elkamhawy, Jung-Eun Park, Ahmed H E Hassan, Ae Nim Pae, Jiyoun Lee, Beoung-Geon Park, Eun Joo Roh
A series of 2-(3-arylureido)pyridines and 2-(3-benzylureido)pyridines were synthesized and evaluated as potential modulators for amyloid beta (Aβ)-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The blocking activities of forty one small molecules against Aβ-induced mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening were evaluated by JC-1 assay which measures the change of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). The inhibitory activity of twenty five compounds against Aβ-induced mPTP opening was superior to that of the standard cyclosporin A (CsA)...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288688/neuroprotective-activity-of-macamides-on-manganese-induced-mitochondrial-disruption-in-u-87-mg-glioblastoma-cells
#13
Kuljeet S Gugnani, Nguyen Vu, Alejandro N Rondón-Ortiz, Mark Böhlke, Timothy J Maher, Alejandro J Pino-Figueroa
Macamides are a distinct class of secondary metabolites, benzylamides of long chain fatty acids, which were isolated from the Peruvian plant Lepidium meyenii (Maca). As structural analogues of the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA), they have demonstrated neuroprotective effects in vitro and in vivo. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the neuroprotective activity of the macamides: N-(3-methoxybenzyl)oleamide (MAC 18:1), N-(3-methoxybenzyl)linoleamide (MAC 18:2) and N-(3-methoxybenzyl)linolenamide (MAC 18:3) in a neurotoxic environment caused by exposure of U-87 MG glioblastoma cells to manganese chloride (MnCl2)...
December 27, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287722/lncrna-neat1-promotes-autophagy-in-mptp-induced-parkinson-s-disease-through-stabilizing-pink1-protein
#14
Wang Yan, Zhao-Ying Chen, Jia-Qi Chen, Hui-Min Chen
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (lncRNA NEAT1) was found to be closely related to the pathological changes in brain and nervous system. However, the role of NEAT1 and its potential mechanism in Parkinson's disease (PD) largely remain uncharacterized. METHODS: In this study, PD mouse model was established by intraperitoneal injection of MPTP. The numbers of TH + neurons, NEAT1 expression and the level of PINK1, LC3-II, LC3-I protein were assessed in PD mice...
December 26, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286061/cardioprotection-by-exenatide-a-novel-mechanism-via-improving-mitochondrial-function-involving-the-glp-1-receptor-camp-pka-pathway
#15
Guanglei Chang, Jian Liu, Shu Qin, Youqin Jiang, Peng Zhang, Hui Yu, Kai Lu, Nan Zhang, Li Cao, Ying Wang, Yong Li, Dongying Zhang
Accumulating evidence suggests that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and its analogues exert cardioprotective effects via modulating cardiomyocyte metabolism. Mitochondria play a pivotal role in the regulation of cell metabolism. It was hypothesized that treatment with exenatide, a GLP-1 analogue, may exert cardioprotective effects by improving mitochondrial function in an in vitro model of hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). H9c2 cells were employed to establish an in vitro model of H/R. Exenatide was added to the cells for 30 min prior to exposure to hypoxia...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285276/pilot-study-molecular-risk-factors-for-diagnosing-sporadic-parkinson-s-disease-based-on-gene-expression-in-blood-in-mptp-induced-rhesus-monkeys
#16
Liangqin Shi, Chao Huang, Qihui Luo, Yu Xia, Heng Liu, Like Li, Wentao Liu, Wenjing Ma, Jing Fang, Li Tang, Wen Zeng, Zhengli Chen
Clinical diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the classical features of tremor, bradykinesia and rigidity, which are present only when more than 70%-80% degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra. The lack of means for early diagnosis of PD has elicited interest in searching for its risk factors, which, by now, are almost obtained at a single time point in PD process, and little developing risk factors, obtained from completely normal situation to the onset or even advanced stage of PD in individual person which could monitor the progress of PD, are present...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285102/protective-effects-of-carnosic-acid-against-mitochondria-mediated-injury-in-h9c2-cardiomyocytes-induced-by-hypoxia-reoxygenation
#17
Ping Liu, Jing Dong
Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion occurs in myocardial infarction. Timely reperfusion will exacerbate the injury through the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in cardiomyocytes due to the accumulation of excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS). In order to identify novel therapeutic approaches, the cardioprotective effects of carnosic acid and the underlying mechanisms were investigated in the present study in H9c2 cardiomyocytes injured by hypoxia/reoxygenation in vitro. The viability of H9c2 cardiomyocytes was detected by MTT assay and further confirmed by the detection of intracellular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285094/neuroprotective-effects-of-astragaloside-iv-on-parkinson-disease-models-of-mice-and-primary-astrocytes
#18
Lei Xia, Dianxuan Guo, Bing Chen
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by a progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Inflammation and neural degeneration are implicated in the pathogenesis of PD. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) has been verified to attenuate inflammation. The current study aimed to investigate the role of AS-IV in PD and the possible molecular mechanisms. Pole, traction and swim tests were performed to examine the effects of AS-IV on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-generated behavioral deficiencies in vivo...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282063/effect-of-atp-and-bax-on-the-apoptosis-of-eimeria-tenella-host-cells
#19
Zhiyong Xu, Mingxue Zheng, Li Zhang, Xuesong Zhang, Yan Zhang, Xiaozhen Cui, Xin Gong, Rou Xi, Rui Bai
BACKGROUND: Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) is a species of Eimeria that causes haemorrhagic caecal coccidiosis, resulting in major economic losses in the global poultry industry. After E. tenella infection, the amount of ATP and Bax in host cells showed highly significant changes. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the effects of ATP and Bax on the apoptosis of E. tenella host cells. RESULTS: The ATP-treated group and the V5-treated group had higher E. tenella infection rates than the untreated group at 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h after infection with E...
December 28, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274035/microrna-30e-regulates-neuroinflammation-in-mptp-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-by-targeting-nlrp3
#20
Dongsheng Li, Hongqi Yang, Jianjun Ma, Sha Luo, Siyuan Chen, Qi Gu
Accumulating evidences suggest that neuroinflammation is a pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). MicroRNAs have been recently recognized as crucial regulators of inflammatory responses. Here, we found significant downregulation of microRNA-30e (miR-30e) in SNpc of MPTP-induced PD mice. Next, we employed miR-30e agomir to upregulate miR-30e expression in MPTP-treated mice. Our results showed that delivery of miR-30e agomir remarkably improved motor behavioral deficits and neuronal activity, and inhibited the loss of dopamine neurons...
December 22, 2017: Human Cell
keyword
keyword
69090
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"