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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984677/advances-in-the-understanding-and-management-of-mucositis-during-stem-cell-transplantation
#1
Joanne M Bowen, Hannah R Wardill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mucositis is a severe and common side effect of anticancer treatments, with an incidence of between 40 and 80% depending on the cytotoxic regimen used. The most profound mucositis burden is experienced during conditioning regimens for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), where the use of highly mucotoxic agents with or without total body irradiation leads to serious damage throughout the alimentary tract. Currently, the assessment and management of both oral and gastrointestinal mucositis lack authoritative guideline, with recommendations only achieved in narrow clinical scenarios...
October 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301678/effectiveness-of-adjunctive-interventions-for-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#2
REVIEW
J Yi, J Xiao, H Li, Y Li, X Li, Z Zhao
This study was aimed to summarise published systematic reviews (SRs) that assess the effects of adjunctive interventions on the acceleration of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Electronic and manual searches were performed up to August 2016. Systematic reviews investigating the impact of adjunctive techniques on the promotion of OTM were included. The methodological quality of the included reviews was evaluated using the A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) scale. The quality of evidence for each intervention was assessed using GRADE...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123436/review-of-the-mechanisms-and-effects-of-noninvasive-body-contouring-devices-on-cellulite-and-subcutaneous-fat
#3
REVIEW
Zahra Alizadeh, Farzin Halabchi, Reza Mazaheri, Maryam Abolhasani, Mastaneh Tabesh
CONTEXT: Today, different kinds of non-invasive body contouring modalities, including cryolipolysis, radiofrequency (RF), low-level laser therapy (LLLT), and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) are available for reducing the volume of subcutaneous adipose tissue or cellulite. Each procedure has distinct mechanisms for stimulating apoptosis or necrosis adipose tissue. In addition to the mentioned techniques, some investigations are underway for analyzing the efficacy of other techniques such as whole body vibration (WBV) and extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT)...
October 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054261/effectiveness-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-intensity-pressure-pain-threshold-and-sf-mpq-indexes-of-women-with-myofascial-pain
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Laís Valencise Magri, Vinícius Almeida Carvalho, Flávia Cássia Cabral Rodrigues, César Bataglion, Christie Ramos Andrade Leite-Panissi
Women with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) frequently report pain areas in body regions. This process is associated with central sensitization phenomena, present in chronic pain. The low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been reported as a therapeutic option for the painful TMD treatment. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of LLLT on pain intensity (visual analogue scale, VAS), pain sensitivity in orofacial and corporal points (pressure pain threshold, PPT), and on Short Form-McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) indexes of women with myofascial pain (subtype of muscle TMD)...
February 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935737/low-level-laser-therapy-for-reducing-the-hip-waist-and-upper-abdomen-circumference-of-individuals-with-obesity
#5
Gregory C Roche, Steven Shanks, Robert F Jackson, Laura Jane Holsey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for reducing hip, thigh, and abdomen circumference of individuals with body-mass index (BMI) between 30 and 40 kg/m(2). BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated the effectiveness of LLLT for reducing body circumference in the hips, thighs, and abdomen of nonobese individuals with a BMI <30 kg/m(2). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind sham-controlled study, obese, but otherwise healthy, individuals were randomized to undergo 30-min LLLT (n = 28) or sham treatments (n = 25) three times weekly for 4 weeks...
March 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26252373/interventions-for-prevention-of-herpes-simplex-labialis-cold-sores-on-the-lips
#6
REVIEW
Ching-Chi Chi, Shu-Hui Wang, Finola M Delamere, Fenella Wojnarowska, Mathilde C Peters, Preetha P Kanjirath
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex labialis (HSL), also known as cold sores, is a common disease of the lips caused by the herpes simplex virus, which is found throughout the world. It presents as a painful vesicular eruption, forming unsightly crusts, which cause cosmetic disfigurement and psychosocial distress. There is no cure available, and it recurs periodically. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions for the prevention of HSL in people of all ages. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to 19 May 2015: the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, the Oral Health Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL in the Cochrane Library (Issue 4, 2015), MEDLINE (from 1946), EMBASE (from 1974), LILACS (from 1982), the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, Airiti Library, and 5 trial registers...
August 7, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25677170/oral-mucositis-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-clinical-outcomes-in-a-context-of-specialized-oral-care-using-low-level-laser-therapy
#7
Fernanda de Paula Eduardo, Leticia Mello Bezinelli, Danielle Lima Corrêa de Carvalho, Roberta Marques da Graça Lopes, Juliana Folloni Fernandes, Melina Brumatti, Carolina Sgaroni Camargo Vince, Alessandra Milani Prandini de Azambuja, Cristina Vogel, Nelson Hamerschlak, Luciana Correa
OM is a painful inflammatory condition of the oral mucosa, derived from the toxic effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. High OM severity is frequently present in HSCT pediatric patients, who exhibit multiple painful ulcers that limit their mastication and swallowing, leading to poor nutritional status. Few studies have demonstrated OM clinical outcomes in young patients undergoing HSCT. Feasibility of oral care and LLLT on OM prophylaxis and treatment is also poorly discussed. The aim of this study was to describe a specialized oral care protocol that included LLLT for pediatric patients undergoing transplantation and to demonstrate the clinical outcomes after OM prevention and treatment...
May 2015: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25664493/non-invasive-subcutaneous-fat-reduction-a-review
#8
REVIEW
J Kennedy, S Verne, R Griffith, L Falto-Aizpurua, K Nouri
The risks, financial costs and lengthy downtime associated with surgical procedures for fat reduction have led to the development of a number of non-invasive techniques. Non-invasive body contouring now represents the fastest growing area of aesthetic medicine. There are currently four leading non-invasive techniques for reducing localized subcutaneous adipose tissue: low-level laser therapy (LLLT), cryolipolysis, radio frequency (RF) and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). To review and compare leading techniques and clinical outcomes of non-invasive subcutaneous fat reduction...
September 2015: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25372313/treatment-of-keratosis-pilaris-with-810-nm-diode-laser-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Omer Ibrahim, Misbah Khan, Diana Bolotin, Meghan Dubina, Michael Nodzenski, Wareeporn Disphanurat, Rohit Kakar, Simon Yoo, Dennis Whiting, Dennis P West, Emily Poon, Emir Veledar, Murad Alam
IMPORTANCE: Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a common skin disorder of follicular prominence and erythema that typically affects the proximal extremities, can be disfiguring, and is often resistant to treatment. Shorter-wavelength vascular lasers have been used to reduce the associated erythema but not the textural irregularity. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the longer-wavelength 810-nm diode laser may be effective for treatment of KP, particularly the associated skin roughness/bumpiness and textural irregularity...
February 2015: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25271097/electrotherapy-modalities-for-adhesive-capsulitis-frozen-shoulder
#10
REVIEW
Matthew J Page, Sally Green, Sharon Kramer, Renea V Johnston, Brodwen McBain, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis (also termed frozen shoulder) is a common condition characterised by spontaneous onset of pain, progressive restriction of movement of the shoulder and disability that restricts activities of daily living, work and leisure. Electrotherapy modalities, which aim to reduce pain and improve function via an increase in energy (electrical, sound, light, thermal) into the body, are often delivered as components of a physical therapy intervention. This review is one in a series of reviews which form an update of the Cochrane review 'Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain'...
October 1, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24716713/efficacy-of-pre-exercise-low-level-laser-therapy-on-isokinetic-muscle-performance-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez, Yasmin El-Hage, Fabiano Politti, Tabajara de Oliveira Gonzalez, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Adriano Rodrigues de Oliveira, Marcelo Frigero, Fernanda Colella Antonialli, Adriane Aver Vanin, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes, also known non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most prevalent type of the disease and involves defects in the secretion and action of insulin. The aim of the proposed study is to evaluate the efficacy of pre-exercise low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on muscle performance of the quadriceps femoris in individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHODS/DESIGN: A double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial will be carried out in two treatment phases...
April 9, 2014: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24615748/mascc-isoo-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-mucositis-secondary-to-cancer-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Rajesh V Lalla, Joanne Bowen, Andrei Barasch, Linda Elting, Joel Epstein, Dorothy M Keefe, Deborah B McGuire, Cesar Migliorati, Ourania Nicolatou-Galitis, Douglas E Peterson, Judith E Raber-Durlacher, Stephen T Sonis, Sharon Elad
BACKGROUND: Mucositis is a highly significant, and sometimes dose-limiting, toxicity of cancer therapy. The goal of this systematic review was to update the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer and International Society of Oral Oncology (MASCC/ISOO) Clinical Practice Guidelines for mucositis. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify eligible published articles, based on predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria. Each article was independently reviewed by 2 reviewers...
May 15, 2014: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24433123/ischemic-preconditioning-attenuates-brain-injury-induced-by-ischemia-reperfusion-during-moderate-hypothermia-low-flow-procedures
#13
Zhi-Fei Ma, Wen Chen, Chang-Chun Cao, Xin Chen
OBJECTIVE: We determined the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IP) on apoptosis in a rat model of brain injury induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion following a moderate hypothermic low-flow (MHLF) procedure. METHODS: A total of 180 rats were randomly divided into three groups. The surgery group was subjected to body temperature reduction and bilateral common carotid artery occlusion for 120 min at 25 ± 0.5°C, followed by artery reopening and rewarming...
November 2014: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23508376/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial-evaluating-the-ability-of-low-level-laser-therapy-to-improve-the-appearance-of-cellulite
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert F Jackson, Gregory C Roche, Steven C Shanks
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cellulite is present in 90% of post-adolescent women. Several technologies have been developed for treating cellulite; however, they all involve some degree of massage or mechanical manipulation. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a low-level laser light device employing green 532 nm diodes as a stand-alone procedure without massage or mechanical manipulation for improving the appearance of cellulite in the thighs and buttocks. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: This double-blind study randomized subjects to undergo treatment with the LLLT device (N = 34) or sham treatment (N = 34)...
March 2013: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23151893/low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-combined-with-swimming-training-improved-the-lipid-profile-in-rats-fed-with-high-fat-diet
#15
Antonio E Aquino, Marcela Sene-Fiorese, Fernanda R Paolillo, Fernanda O Duarte, Jorge C Oishi, Airton A Pena, Ana C G O Duarte, Michael R Hamblin, Vanderlei S Bagnato, Nivaldo A Parizotto
Obesity and associated dyslipidemia is the fastest growing health problem throughout the world. The combination of exercise and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) could be a new approach to the treatment of obesity and associated disease. In this work, the effects of LLLT associated with exercises on the lipid metabolism in regular and high-fat diet rats were verified. We used 64 rats divided in eight groups with eight rats each, designed: SC, sedentary chow diet; SCL, sedentary chow diet laser, TC, trained chow diet; TCL, trained chow diet laser; SH, sedentary high-fat diet; SHL, sedentary high-fat diet laser; TH, trained high-fat diet; and THL, trained high-fat diet laser...
September 2013: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23074533/management-of-chronic-pressure-ulcers-an-evidence-based-analysis
#16
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: In April 2008, the Medical Advisory Secretariat began an evidence-based review of the literature concerning pressure ulcers.Please visit the Medical Advisory Secretariat Web site, http://www.health.gov.on.ca/english/providers/program/mas/tech/tech_mn.html to review these titles that are currently available within the Pressure Ulcers series.PRESSURE ULCER PREVENTION: an evidence based analysisThe cost-effectiveness of prevention strategies for pressure ulcers in long-term care homes in Ontario: projections of the Ontario Pressure Ulcer Model (field evaluation)MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC PRESSURE ULCERS: an evidence-based analysis OBJECTIVE: The Medical Advisory Secretariat (MAS) conducted a systematic review on interventions used to treat pressure ulcers in order to answer the following questions: Do currently available interventions for the treatment of pressure ulcers increase the healing rate of pressure ulcers compared with standard care, a placebo, or other similar interventions?Within each category of intervention, which one is most effective in promoting the healing of existing pressure ulcers? BACKGROUND: A pressure ulcer is a localized injury to the skin and/or underlying tissue usually over a bony prominence, as a result of pressure, or pressure in conjunction with shear and/or friction...
2009: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23001179/systematic-review-of-laser-and-other-light-therapy-for-the-management-of-oral-mucositis-in-cancer-patients
#17
REVIEW
Cesar Migliorati, Ian Hewson, Rajesh V Lalla, Heliton Spindola Antunes, Cherry L Estilo, Brian Hodgson, Nilza Nelly Fontana Lopes, Mark M Schubert, Joanne Bowen, Sharon Elad
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to review the available literature and define clinical practice guidelines for the use of laser and other light therapies for the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by the Mucositis Study Group of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology. The body of evidence for each intervention, in each cancer treatment setting, was assigned an evidence level...
January 2013: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22889255/a-preliminary-study-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-a-new-uva1-laser-for-treatment-of-psoriasis
#18
Nicola Zerbinati, Sandra Portale, Beniamino Palmieri, Valentina Rottigni, Tommaso Iannitti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of an UVA1 355 nm laser (Alba 355) for treatment of mild, moderate, and severe psoriasis. BACKGROUND DATA: Psoriasis is an immune-inflammatory and proliferative skin disease. During the past few years, the instrumental treatment by UV radiation has been successfully described, either alone or in combination with topical and/or systemic drug administration to treat several skin-related diseases...
October 2012: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22468172/effect-of-635nm-low-level-laser-therapy-on-upper-arm-circumference-reduction-a-double-blind-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#19
Mark S Nestor, Matthew B Zarraga, Hyunhee Park
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of low-level laser therapy as a noninvasive method for reducing upper arm circumference. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind study whereby healthy subjects (N=40) with a body mass index of 20 to 35kg/m(2) received three 20-minute low-level laser therapy (N=20) or sham treatments (N=20) each week for two weeks. MEASUREMENTS: Upper arm circumference was measured after three and six treatments and two weeks post-treatment...
February 2012: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22447150/1-000-consecutive-cases-of-laser-assisted-liposuction-and-suction-assisted-lipectomy-managed-with-local-anesthesia
#20
Christopher T Chia, Spero J Theodorou
BACKGROUND: Advances in suction-assisted lipectomy (SAL) include improved instrumentation, better understanding of fluid dynamics, and an improved concept of appropriate indications. The tumescent technique uses subcutaneous injection of isotonic fluid containing vasoconstrictive and analgesic agents and is proved to be safe, with low morbidity and mortality rates. Laser-assisted liposuction (LAL) using local infiltration of an anesthetic and no general anesthesia or sedation has been developed, with claims of fat destruction and skin tightening...
August 2012: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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