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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301678/effectiveness-of-adjunctive-interventions-for-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Jianru Yi, Jiani Xiao, Hanshi Li, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
This study was aimed to summarize published systematic reviews that assess the effects of adjunctive interventions on the acceleration of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Electronic and manual searches were performed up to Aug 2016. Systematic reviews investigating the impact of adjunctive techniques on the promotion of OTM were included. The methodological quality of the included reviews was evaluated using the AMSTAR scale. The quality of evidence for each intervention was assessed using GRADE. The Jadad decision algorithm was used to select a study to provide body evidence from discordant reviews on the same intervention...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123436/review-of-the-mechanisms-and-effects-of-noninvasive-body-contouring-devices-on-cellulite-and-subcutaneous-fat
#2
REVIEW
Zahra Alizadeh, Farzin Halabchi, Reza Mazaheri, Maryam Abolhasani, Mastaneh Tabesh
CONTEXT: Today, different kinds of non-invasive body contouring modalities, including cryolipolysis, radiofrequency (RF), low-level laser therapy (LLLT), and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) are available for reducing the volume of subcutaneous adipose tissue or cellulite. Each procedure has distinct mechanisms for stimulating apoptosis or necrosis adipose tissue. In addition to the mentioned techniques, some investigations are underway for analyzing the efficacy of other techniques such as whole body vibration (WBV) and extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT)...
October 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054261/effectiveness-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-intensity-pressure-pain-threshold-and-sf-mpq-indexes-of-women-with-myofascial-pain
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Laís Valencise Magri, Vinícius Almeida Carvalho, Flávia Cássia Cabral Rodrigues, César Bataglion, Christie Ramos Andrade Leite-Panissi
Women with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) frequently report pain areas in body regions. This process is associated with central sensitization phenomena, present in chronic pain. The low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been reported as a therapeutic option for the painful TMD treatment. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of LLLT on pain intensity (visual analogue scale, VAS), pain sensitivity in orofacial and corporal points (pressure pain threshold, PPT), and on Short Form-McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) indexes of women with myofascial pain (subtype of muscle TMD)...
February 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935737/low-level-laser-therapy-for-reducing-the-hip-waist-and-upper-abdomen-circumference-of-individuals-with-obesity
#4
Gregory C Roche, Steven Shanks, Robert F Jackson, Laura Jane Holsey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for reducing hip, thigh, and abdomen circumference of individuals with body-mass index (BMI) between 30 and 40 kg/m(2). BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated the effectiveness of LLLT for reducing body circumference in the hips, thighs, and abdomen of nonobese individuals with a BMI <30 kg/m(2). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind sham-controlled study, obese, but otherwise healthy, individuals were randomized to undergo 30-min LLLT (n = 28) or sham treatments (n = 25) three times weekly for 4 weeks...
March 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25677170/oral-mucositis-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-clinical-outcomes-in-a-context-of-specialized-oral-care-using-low-level-laser-therapy
#5
Fernanda de Paula Eduardo, Leticia Mello Bezinelli, Danielle Lima Corrêa de Carvalho, Roberta Marques da Graça Lopes, Juliana Folloni Fernandes, Melina Brumatti, Carolina Sgaroni Camargo Vince, Alessandra Milani Prandini de Azambuja, Cristina Vogel, Nelson Hamerschlak, Luciana Correa
OM is a painful inflammatory condition of the oral mucosa, derived from the toxic effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. High OM severity is frequently present in HSCT pediatric patients, who exhibit multiple painful ulcers that limit their mastication and swallowing, leading to poor nutritional status. Few studies have demonstrated OM clinical outcomes in young patients undergoing HSCT. Feasibility of oral care and LLLT on OM prophylaxis and treatment is also poorly discussed. The aim of this study was to describe a specialized oral care protocol that included LLLT for pediatric patients undergoing transplantation and to demonstrate the clinical outcomes after OM prevention and treatment...
May 2015: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25664493/non-invasive-subcutaneous-fat-reduction-a-review
#6
REVIEW
J Kennedy, S Verne, R Griffith, L Falto-Aizpurua, K Nouri
The risks, financial costs and lengthy downtime associated with surgical procedures for fat reduction have led to the development of a number of non-invasive techniques. Non-invasive body contouring now represents the fastest growing area of aesthetic medicine. There are currently four leading non-invasive techniques for reducing localized subcutaneous adipose tissue: low-level laser therapy (LLLT), cryolipolysis, radio frequency (RF) and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). To review and compare leading techniques and clinical outcomes of non-invasive subcutaneous fat reduction...
September 2015: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25271097/electrotherapy-modalities-for-adhesive-capsulitis-frozen-shoulder
#7
REVIEW
Matthew J Page, Sally Green, Sharon Kramer, Renea V Johnston, Brodwen McBain, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis (also termed frozen shoulder) is a common condition characterised by spontaneous onset of pain, progressive restriction of movement of the shoulder and disability that restricts activities of daily living, work and leisure. Electrotherapy modalities, which aim to reduce pain and improve function via an increase in energy (electrical, sound, light, thermal) into the body, are often delivered as components of a physical therapy intervention. This review is one in a series of reviews which form an update of the Cochrane review 'Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain'...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24716713/efficacy-of-pre-exercise-low-level-laser-therapy-on-isokinetic-muscle-performance-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez, Yasmin El-Hage, Fabiano Politti, Tabajara de Oliveira Gonzalez, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Adriano Rodrigues de Oliveira, Marcelo Frigero, Fernanda Colella Antonialli, Adriane Aver Vanin, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes, also known non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most prevalent type of the disease and involves defects in the secretion and action of insulin. The aim of the proposed study is to evaluate the efficacy of pre-exercise low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on muscle performance of the quadriceps femoris in individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHODS/DESIGN: A double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial will be carried out in two treatment phases...
April 9, 2014: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23508376/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial-evaluating-the-ability-of-low-level-laser-therapy-to-improve-the-appearance-of-cellulite
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert F Jackson, Gregory C Roche, Steven C Shanks
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cellulite is present in 90% of post-adolescent women. Several technologies have been developed for treating cellulite; however, they all involve some degree of massage or mechanical manipulation. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a low-level laser light device employing green 532 nm diodes as a stand-alone procedure without massage or mechanical manipulation for improving the appearance of cellulite in the thighs and buttocks. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: This double-blind study randomized subjects to undergo treatment with the LLLT device (N = 34) or sham treatment (N = 34)...
March 2013: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23151893/low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-combined-with-swimming-training-improved-the-lipid-profile-in-rats-fed-with-high-fat-diet
#10
Antonio E Aquino, Marcela Sene-Fiorese, Fernanda R Paolillo, Fernanda O Duarte, Jorge C Oishi, Airton A Pena, Ana C G O Duarte, Michael R Hamblin, Vanderlei S Bagnato, Nivaldo A Parizotto
Obesity and associated dyslipidemia is the fastest growing health problem throughout the world. The combination of exercise and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) could be a new approach to the treatment of obesity and associated disease. In this work, the effects of LLLT associated with exercises on the lipid metabolism in regular and high-fat diet rats were verified. We used 64 rats divided in eight groups with eight rats each, designed: SC, sedentary chow diet; SCL, sedentary chow diet laser, TC, trained chow diet; TCL, trained chow diet laser; SH, sedentary high-fat diet; SHL, sedentary high-fat diet laser; TH, trained high-fat diet; and THL, trained high-fat diet laser...
September 2013: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22362380/application-of-low-level-laser-therapy-for-noninvasive-body-contouring
#11
Robert F Jackson, Fredric A Stern, Rodrigo Neira, Clara L Ortiz-Neira, Jillian Maloney
BACKGROUND: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a noninvasive treatment for a wide-assortment of medical ailments. A recent application is for noninvasive body slimming. A Level 1 clinical study was completed and recorded a significant reduction in circumferential measurements across waist, hips, and thighs compared to placebo subjects. Questions remain unanswered to whether the result observed was based upon simple fluid redistribution. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of LLLT for noninvasive body slimming and determine if the loss was attributable to fluid or fat relocation...
March 2012: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21053039/effects-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-expression-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-tgf-%C3%AE-in-skeletal-muscle-during-the-repair-process
#12
Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Manoela Domingues Martins, Jose Antônio Silva, Tatiana Dias da Silva, Roberto Farina Piovesan, Vanessa Christina Santos Pavesi, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the expression of TNF-α and TGF-β in the tibialis anterior muscle of rats following cryoinjury. Muscle regeneration involves cell proliferation, migration and differentiation and is regulated by growth factors and cytokines. A growing body of evidence suggests that LLLT promotes skeletal muscle regeneration by reducing the duration of acute inflammation and accelerating tissue repair. Adult male Wistar rats (n = 35) were randomly divided into three groups: control group (no lesion, untreated, n = 5), cryoinjury without LLLT group (n = 15), and cryoinjury with LLLT group (n = 15)...
May 2011: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20969443/the-prevention-of-induced-oral-mucositis-with-low-level-laser-therapy-in-bone-marrow-transplantation-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Geisa Badauy Lauria Silva, Elismauro Francisco Mendonça, Cesar Bariani, Heliton Spindola Antunes, Maria Alves Garcia Silva
BACKGROUND DATA AND OBJECTIVE: Patients who have received high doses of chemotherapy, either alone or in combination with total body irradiation often cite oral mucositis (OM) as the most debilitating side effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the prevention of conditioning-induced OM in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: We randomized 42 patients who underwent autologous or allogeneic HSCT...
January 2011: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20163967/chondrogenic-mrna-expression-in-prechondrogenic-cells-after-blue-laser-irradiation
#14
Toshihiro Kushibiki, Takako Tajiri, Yoshihisa Ninomiya, Kunio Awazu
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used as a method for biostimulation. Cartilage develops through the differentiation of mesenchymal cells into chondrocytes, and differentiated chondrocytes in articular cartilage maintain cartilage homeostasis by synthesizing cartilage-specific extracellular matrix. The aim of this study is to evaluate the enhancement of chondrocyte differentiation and the expression levels of chondrogenic mRNA in prechondrogenic ATDC5 cells after laser irradiation. For chondrogenic induction, ATDC5 cells were irradiated with a blue laser (405 nm, continuous wave) at 100 mW/cm(2) for 180 s following incubation in chondrogenic differentiation medium...
March 8, 2010: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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