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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334317/fluctuation-a-common-but-neglected-pattern-of-physical-activity-behaviour-an-exploratory-review-of-studies-in-recent-20-years
#1
Borui Shang, Yanping Duan, Wendy Yajun Huang, Walter Brehm
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is beneficial for physical and psychological well-being, yet many people do not achieve these health benefits due to irregular PA participation which is also known as fluctuation. Limited attention has been given to the phenomenon of fluctuation in the PA behaviour literature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to explore and to map definitions, measurements, behavioural evidence, and factors related to PA fluctuation...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333595/implanted-closed-loop-gastric-electrical-stimulation-clges-system-with-sensor-based-feedback-safely-limits-weight-regain-at-24%C3%A2-months
#2
S Morales-Conde, I Alarcón Del Agua, L Busetto, F Favretti, M Anselmino, G M Rovera, M Socas-Macias, A Barranco-Moreno, R Province-Azalde, A J Torres
BACKGROUND: Weight regain following bariatric surgery is not uncommon. Safe, effective weight loss treatment up to 1 year has been reported with the closed-loop gastric electrical stimulation (CLGES) system. Continuous recording of eating and activity behavior by onboard sensors is one of the novel features of this closed-loop electrical stimulation therapy, and may provide improved long-term weight maintenance by enhancing aftercare. METHODS: Four centers participating in a 12-month prospective multicenter randomized study monitored all implanted participants (n = 47) up to 24 months after laparoscopic implantation of a CLGES system...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333401/management-of-immune-thrombocytopenia-korean-experts-recommendation-in-2017
#3
REVIEW
Jun Ho Jang, Ji Yoon Kim, Yeung-Chul Mun, Soo-Mee Bang, Yeon Jung Lim, Dong-Yeop Shin, Young Bae Choi, Ho-Young Yhim, Jong Wook Lee, Hoon Kook
Management options for patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) have evolved substantially over the past decades. The American Society of Hematology published a treatment guideline for clinicians referring to the management of ITP in 2011. This evidence-based practice guideline for ITP enables the appropriate treatment of a larger proportion of patients and the maintenance of normal platelet counts. Korean authority operates a unified mandatory national health insurance system. Even though we have a uniform standard guideline enforced by insurance reimbursement, there are several unsolved issues in real practice in ITP treatment...
December 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332682/a-provisional-tool-for-the-measurement-of-sleep-satisfaction
#4
Maurice M Ohayon, Michael C Chen, Edward Bixler, Yves Dauvilliers, David Gozal, Giuseppe Plazzi, Michael V Vitiello, Michael Paskow, Anita Roach, Max Hirshkowitz
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this project was to provisionally identify the basic elements of sleep satisfaction within the general population. METHODS: The National Sleep Foundation conducted a systematic literature review and identified 495 published articles evaluating potential indicators of sleep satisfaction. The National Sleep Foundation then convened an expert panel ("Panel"), provided full-text articles and summaries, and used a modified RAND appropriateness method with three total rounds of voting to determine the appropriateness of indicators for sleep satisfaction...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332636/implementation-of-an-electronic-routine-outcome-monitoring-at-an-inpatient-unit-for-psychosomatic-medicine
#5
Jonas Egeter, Katharina Hüfner, Monika Sztankay, Bernhard Holzner, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can be part of an electronic routine outcome monitoring (eROM). eROM can improve patient involvement, treatment outcomes and simplify scientific data assessment. Available studies on eROM focus on its evaluation only and lack a detailed description of the prior implementation procedure. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to implement an eROM assessment at a division of Psychosomatic Medicine and provide a detailed description of the implementation procedure...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331475/end-of-life-care-for-patients-with-advanced-kidney-disease-in-the-us-veterans-affairs-health-care-system-2000-2011
#6
Susan P Y Wong, Margaret K Yu, Pamela K Green, Chuan-Fen Liu, Paul L Hebert, Ann M O'Hare
BACKGROUND: Little is known about patterns of end-of-life care for patients with advanced kidney disease not treated with maintenance dialysis. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 14,071 patients with sustained estimated glomerular filtration rates < 15mL/min/1.73m2 treated in the US Veterans Affairs health care system who died during 2000 to 2011. Before death, 12,756 of these patients had been treated with dialysis, 503 had been discussing and/or preparing for dialysis therapy, and for 812, there had been a decision not to pursue dialysis therapy...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330172/origins-of-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-the-uk-the-product-modification-programme-1972-1991
#7
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current embrace of long-term nicotine maintenance by British governmental agencies and tobacco harm reduction by several leading British public health organisations, describe the context and deliberations of the UK's first formal tobacco risk reduction programme: 'Product Modification'. METHODS: Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents, news archives and Parliamentary debate records. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1991, the British government sought to investigate safer smoking through the 'product modification programme'...
January 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330163/affective-stimuli-in-behavioural-interventions-soliciting-for-health-check-up-services-and-the-service-users-socioeconomic-statuses-a-study-at-japanese-pachinko-parlours
#8
Naoki Kondo, Yoshiki Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomically vulnerable people are likely to have more health risks because of inadequate behaviour choices related to chronic social stresses. Brain science suggests that stress causes cognitively biased automatic decision making, preferring instant stress relief and pleasure (eg, smoking, alcohol use and drug abuse) as opposed to reflectively seeking health-maintenance services (eg, health check-ups). As such, hedonic stimuli that nudge people towards preventive actions could reduce health behaviour disparities...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329571/environmental-exposures-and-fetal-growth-the-haifa-pregnancy-cohort-study
#9
Rachel Golan, Itai Kloog, Ronit Almog, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Maya Negev, Maya Jolles, Varda Shalev, Vered H Eisenberg, Gideon Koren, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Hagai Levine
BACKGROUND: The developing fetus is susceptible to environmental insults. Studying the effects of environmental exposures on fetal growth is essential for understanding the causal pathway between prenatal exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Here we describe the Haifa Pregnancy Cohort Study (HPCS) and discuss challenges and opportunities in applying "big data" paradigm. METHODS: Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS), is the second largest Israeli health maintenance organization (HMO) providing care services to two million beneficiaries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327140/children-s-experiences-of-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#10
REVIEW
Lauren S H Chong, Dominic A Fitzgerald, Jonathan C Craig, Karine E Manera, Camilla S Hanson, David Celermajer, Julian Ayer, Nadine A Kasparian, Allison Tong
We aimed to describe the experiences of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Electronic databases were searched until August 2016. Qualitative studies of children's perspectives on CHD were included. Data was extracted using thematic synthesis. From 44 studies from 12 countries involving 995 children, we identified 6 themes: disrupting normality (denying the diagnosis, oscillating between sickness and health, destabilizing the family dynamic), powerlessness in deteriorating health (preoccupation with impending mortality, vulnerability to catastrophic complications, exhaustion from medical testing), enduring medical ordeals (traumatized by invasive procedures, disappointed by treatment failure, displaced by transition, valuing empathy and continuity in care, overcoming uncertainty with information), warring with the body (losing stamina, distressing inability to participate in sport, distorted body image, testing the limits), hampering potential and goals (feeling disabled, unfair judgment and exclusion, difficulties with academic achievement, limiting attainment and maintenance of life milestones), and establishing one's own pace (demarcating disease from life, determination to survive, taking limitations in their stride, embracing the positives, finding personal enrichment, relying on social or spiritual support)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326097/turning-good-intentions-into-actions-by-using-the-health-action-process-approach-to-predict-adherence-to-internet-based-depression-prevention-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Anna-Carlotta Zarski, Matthias Berking, Dorota Reis, Dirk Lehr, Claudia Buntrock, Ralf Schwarzer, David Daniel Ebert
BACKGROUND: Many individuals engaging in Internet-based interventions fail to complete these treatments as intended. The processes responsible for treatment adherence in Internet-based interventions are still poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent adherence in an Internet-based intervention can be predicted by motivational and volitional factors outlined in the health action process approach (HAPA). METHODS: This study investigated motivational and volitional factors included in HAPA in a randomized controlled trial to predict treatment adherence of N=101 individuals with subclinical depression in the intervention group of a depression prevention intervention (GET...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324620/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-vulvar-dermatoses
#12
Colleen K Stockdale, Lori Boardman
Vulvar symptoms of pain, dyspareunia, and pruritus are common and may significantly affect a woman's sense of well-being and sexual function. Despite this, vulvar symptoms are often underreported by women. When identified, however, vulvovaginal symptoms should be addressed by health care providers to optimize care. The evaluation of patients with vulvovaginal complaints begins with a thorough history and physical examination. Biopsy is indicated when concern exists for malignancy or the diagnosis is uncertain...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322645/faecal-escherichia-coli-as-biological-indicator-of-spatial-interaction-between-domestic-pigs-and-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-in-corsica
#13
S A Barth, S Blome, D Cornelis, J Pietschmann, M Laval, O Maestrini, L Geue, F Charrier, E Etter, C Menge, M Beer, F Jori
On the Mediterranean island of Corsica, cohabitation between sympatric domestic pigs and Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) is common and widespread and can facilitate the maintenance and dissemination of several pathogens detrimental for the pig industry or human health. In this study, we monitored a population of free-ranging domestic pigs reared in extensive conditions within a 800-ha property located in Central Corsica which was frequently visited by a sympatric population of wild boar between 2013 and 2015...
January 10, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321800/vascular-protection-by-high-density-lipoprotein-associated-sphingosine-1-phosphate
#14
REVIEW
Xi Wang, Fan Wang
Epidemiological studies and animal experiments have consistently demonstrated cardiovascular protection by high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Findings from a growing number of studies further indicate that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) mediates many of the beneficial effects of HDL on the cardiovascular system, including vasodilatation, angiogenesis, maintenance of endothelial barrier function, and protection against atherosclerosis and ischemia/reperfusion injury. In this review, we summarize the most recent literature investigating the effects of HDL-S1P on cardiovascular health and highlight potential opportunities for clinical translation of these findings...
November 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321039/strategies-to-control-hiv-and-hcv-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-guangdong-province-china-a-system-dynamic-modeling-study
#15
Xia Zou, Yong Xu, Wen Chen, Yinghua Xia, Yin Liu, Cheng Gong, Li Ling
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) participants remain high. Optimized HIV and HCV prevention strategies for MMT clinics in resource-limited regions are urgently needed. This study aims to develop an MMT system dynamic model (SDM) to compare and optimize HIV and HCV control strategies in the MMT system. METHODS: We developed an MMT-SDM structure based on literature reviews...
January 10, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320997/investigating-the-associations-between-productive-housework-activities-sleep-hours-and-self-reported-health-among-elderly-men-and-women-in-western-industrialised-countries
#16
Nicholas Kofi Adjei, Tilman Brand
BACKGROUND: After retirement, elderly men and women allocate more time to housework activities, compared to working-age adults. Nonetheless, sleep constitutes the lengthiest time use activity among the elderly, but there has not been any study on the associations between time spent on housework activities, sleep duration and self-reported health among the older population. This study not only examined individual associations between self-reported health and both housework activities and sleep duration, but it also explored self-reported health by the interaction effect between housework activities and sleep duration separately for men and women...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320531/integrating-community-pharmacy-into-community-based-anti-retroviral-therapy-program-a-pilot-implementation-in-abuja-nigeria
#17
Yohanna Kambai Avong, Gambo Gumel Aliyu, Bolajoko Jatau, Ritmwa Gurumnaan, Nanfwang Danat, Gbenga Ayodele Kayode, Victor Adekanmbi, Patrick Dakum
BACKGROUND: The landscape of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic control is shifting with the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 benchmarks for epidemic control. Community-based Antiretroviral Therapy (CART) models have improved treatment uptake and demonstrated good clinical outcomes. We assessed the feasibility of integrating community pharmacy as a task shift structure for differentiated community ART in Abuja-Nigeria. METHODS: Stable patients on first line ART regimens from public health facilities were referred to community pharmacies in different locations within the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja for prescription refills and treatment maintenance...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320341/long-term-weight-maintenance-after-successful-weight-loss-motivational-factors-support-difficulties-and-success-factors
#18
Sirpa Soini, Pertti Mustajoki, Johan G Eriksson
OBJECTIVES: The main aims of this study were to assess motivational factors for weight loss, and support and difficulties during the weight loss and weight maintenance phase. METHODS: This study was based upon findings from the Finnish Weight Control Registry (FWCR), including 158 formerly obese persons, who lost at least 10% of their initial weight and maintained it for at least 2 years. Data have been collected through electronic forms. RESULTS: The 2 most commonly reported motivational factors for weight loss were health- and appearance-related factors...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320294/arresting-leprosy-therapeutic-outcomes-besides-cure
#19
Raúl Necochea López
This essay focuses on the use of the concept of "arrest" in Hansen's disease (leprosy) in the United States in the early to middle part of the 20th century, as well as the transformations the concept underwent with the arrival of sulfone drugs and the implications of these changes for patients and public health officers. An "arrest" was a therapeutic outcome characterized by a long course of treatment, noncontagiousness, a very small chance of reactivation, and a need for postdischarge maintenance that depended on sociomedical infrastructures beyond the clinic as well as self-imposed lifestyle limitations...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318605/leukocyte-telomere-length-in-relation-to-risk-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-incidence-findings-from-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#20
Jian-Min Yuan, Kenneth B Beckman, Renwei Wang, Caroline Bull, Jennifer Adams-Haduch, Joyce Y Huang, Aizhen Jin, Patricia Opresko, Anne B Newman, Yun-Ling Zheng, Michael Fenech, Woon-Puay Koh
Telomeres are crucial in the maintenance of chromosome integrity and genomic stability. Critically short telomeres can trigger programmed cell death while cells with longer telomeres may have increased likelihood of replicative errors, resulting in genetic mutations and chromosomal alterations, and ultimately promoting oncogenesis. Data on telomere length and lung cancer risk from large prospective cohort studies are spare. Relative telomere length in peripheral blood leukocytes was quantified using a validated monochrome multiplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method in 26,540 participants of the Singapore Chinese Health Study...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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