keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

health maintenance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087133/secukinumab-sustains-early-patient-reported-outcome-benefits-through-1%C3%A2-year-results-from-2-phase-iii-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trials-comparing-secukinumab-with-etanercept
#1
Bruce Strober, Alice B Gottlieb, Bintu Sherif, Patrick Mollon, Isabelle Gilloteau, Lori McLeod, Todd Fox, Margaret Mordin, Ari Gnanasakthy, Charis Papavassilis, Mark G Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic condition with negative impact on patients' quality of life that most often requires lifelong effective and safe treatment. OBJECTIVE: This analysis focused on the effect of secukinumab treatment on patient-reported health-related quality of life as assessed by the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. METHODS: The proportion of subjects achieving DLQI score 0/1 response at week 24, time to DLQI score 0/1 response, and sustained DLQI score 0/1 response up to week 52 were compared between secukinumab and etanercept...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086921/a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-socio-economic-status-for-promoting-vegetable-intake-among-adults-using-a-web-based-nutrition-intervention-programme-study-protocol
#2
Saki Nakamura, Takayo Inayama, Takashi Arao
BACKGROUND: Web-based nutritional education programmes appear to be comparable to those delivered face-to-face. However, no existing web-based nutrition education or similar programme has yet been evaluated with consideration of socio-economic status. The objective of a nutritional education programme of promoting vegetable intake designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the results of intervention and to determine how socio-economic status influences the programme effects...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079774/a-statewide-progestogen-promotion-program-in-ohio
#3
Jay D Iams, Mary S Applegate, Michael P Marcotte, Martha Rome, Michael A Krew, Jennifer L Bailit, Heather C Kaplan, Jessi Poteet, Melissa Nance, David S McKenna, Hetty C Walker, Jennifer Nobbe, Lakshmi Prasad, Maurizio Macaluso, Carole Lannon
OBJECTIVE: To promote use of progestogen therapy to reduce premature births in Ohio by 10%. METHODS: The Ohio Perinatal Quality Collaborative initiated a quality improvement project in 2014 working with clinics at 20 large maternity hospitals, Ohio Medicaid, Medicaid insurers, and service agencies to use quality improvement methods to identify eligible women and remove treatment barriers. The number of women eligible for prophylaxis, the percent prescribed a progestogen before 20 and 24 weeks of gestation, and barriers encountered were reported monthly...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079354/effect-of-excess-iodine-intake-on-thyroid-on-human-health
#4
Eftychia G Koukkou, Nikolaos D Roupas, Kostas B Markou
INTRODUCTION: The recommended daily intake of iodide, is 150 μg for adolescents and adults, 175 μg for pregnancy and 200 μg for lactation. Thyroid gland is an effective collector of iodine. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The active iodine uptake along the basolateral membrane of thyroid cell is followed by its transport to the apical edge of the cell and then to the follicle lumen. TSH acts through cAMP and stimulates NIS gene expression and protein synthesis. The major proportion of iodine in the thyroid gland is bound to Thyroglobulin...
January 12, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079189/maintenance-and-representation-of-mind-wandering-during-resting-state-fmri
#5
Ying-Hui Chou, Mark Sundman, Heather E Whitson, Pooja Gaur, Mei-Lan Chu, Carol P Weingarten, David J Madden, Lihong Wang, Imke Kirste, Marc Joliot, Michele T Diaz, Yi-Ju Li, Allen W Song, Nan-Kuei Chen
Major advances in resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques in the last two decades have provided a tool to better understand the functional organization of the brain both in health and illness. Despite such developments, characterizing regulation and cerebral representation of mind wandering, which occurs unavoidably during resting-state fMRI scans and may induce variability of the acquired data, remains a work in progress. Here, we demonstrate that a decrease or decoupling in functional connectivity involving the caudate nucleus, insula, medial prefrontal cortex and other domain-specific regions was associated with more sustained mind wandering in particular thought domains during resting-state fMRI...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078839/widespread-membrane-potential-changes-and-cardiorespiratory-synchronization-involved-in-anxiety-and-sleep-wake-transitions
#6
R Jerath, S M Cearley, M Jensen
Located within the ascending reticular activating system are nuclei which release neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine, serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. These nuclei have widespread projections that extend into the limbic system and throughout cortex. Activation of these neurotransmitters during awake states leads to arousal, while inhibition leads to the loss of consciousness experienced during slow-wave sleep. Previously, we proposed a mechanism in which cardiorespiratory synchronization may underlie the widespread hyperpolarization that occurs throughout the brain during slow-wave sleep...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078090/the-effect-of-ongoing-feedback-on-physical-activity-levels-following-an-exercise-intervention-in-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#7
Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T Smith, Greig Watson, Andrew D Williams
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases over time and health effects only persist as long as the new lifestyle is maintained. Telephone counselling (TC) is an effective way to provide individuals with ongoing support to maintain lifestyle changes. Remote physical activity monitoring and feedback (RAMF) via interactive technologies such as activity trackers and smartphones may be a cost-effective alternative to TC, however, this comparison has not been made...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075151/multilevel-correlates-of-healthy-bmi-maintenance-and-return-to-a-healthy-bmi-among-children-in-massachusetts
#8
Lauren Fiechtner, Erika R Cheng, Gabriel Lopez, Mona Sharifi, Elsie M Taveras
OBJECTIVES: To examine predictors of healthy BMI maintenance (HBM) or return to a healthy BMI (RHB) among children. METHODS: We studied 33,272 children in Massachusetts between 2008 and 2012. We used multinomial logistic regression to examine associations of individual- and neighborhood-level factors with the odds of: (1) HBM: maintenance of a healthy BMI ≥5th to <85th percentile and (2) RHB: transition to a healthy BMI range from an initial BMI ≥85th percentile between two clinic visits spanning an average of 3...
January 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074346/actively-negotiating-the-mind-body-divide-how-clozapine-treated-schizophrenia-patients-make-health-for-themselves
#9
Julia E H Brown, Simone Dennis
It is well recognised that antipsychotic treatments impact the whole body, not just the target area of the brain. For people with refractory schizophrenia on clozapine, the gold standard antipsychotic treatment in England and Australia, the separation of mental and physical regimes of health is particularly pronounced, resulting in multiple, compartmentalised treatment registers. Clinicians often focus on the mental health aspects of clozapine use, using physical indicators to determine whether treatment can continue...
January 10, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074217/-nutrition-in-dementia
#10
D Volkert
BACKGROUND: In the course of dementia sooner or later nutritional problems appear, and the question arises which interventions are effective in ensuring adequate nutrition and thus may contribute to the maintenance of health, functionality and independence. OBJECTIVE: This overview presents the state of knowledge regarding nutrition in dementia. METHODS: This work is based on the present guidelines of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) on nutrition in dementia, which systematically investigated relevant available evidence...
January 10, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073656/preventive-health-behavior-change-text-message-interventions-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Ashleigh A Armanasco, Yvette D Miller, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Alison L Marshall
CONTEXT: Existing evidence shows that text message interventions can produce short-term health behavior change. However, understanding is limited regarding intervention characteristics moderating this effect or the long-term effectiveness of text message interventions on behavior change after contact stops. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE, PubMed Central, ERIC, PsycINFO, and Web of Science were searched for articles published between April 2008 and December 2014 that evaluated an intervention targeting preventive health behaviors, delivered primarily by text message...
January 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073361/sustainability-of-health-information-systems-a-three-country-qualitative-study-in-southern-africa
#12
Corrina Moucheraud, Amee Schwitters, Chantelle Boudreaux, Denise Giles, Peter H Kilmarx, Ntolo Ntolo, Zwashe Bangani, Michael E St Louis, Thomas J Bossert
BACKGROUND: Health information systems are central to strong health systems. They assist with patient and program management, quality improvement, disease surveillance, and strategic use of information. Many donors have worked to improve health information systems, particularly by supporting the introduction of electronic health information systems (EHIS), which are considered more responsive and more efficient than older, paper-based systems. As many donor-driven programs are increasing their focus on country ownership, sustainability of these investments is a key concern...
January 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072591/osteoporosis-fracture-epidemiology-update-2016
#13
Jane A Cauley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on osteoporosis epidemiology. The focus is on fractures because fractures are the most important clinical consequence of osteoporosis. Studies published over the past 18 months are identified and reviewed. Finally, the clinical impact of these new findings is discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Important research in 2015-2016 include analyses of screening and rescreening in younger women and older men, risk factors for hip fractures in older men, obesity and weight loss/gain, and risk of fracture...
January 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072037/benzodiazepine-maintenance-in-opiate-substitution-treatment-good-or-bad-a-retrospective-primary-care-case-note-review
#14
Adam Bakker, Emmanuel Streel
BACKGROUND: Co-prescribing benzodiazepines to patients in opiate substitution treatment is controversial and often alleged to increase mortality. In an inner-London general practice, patients with problematic benzodiazepine co-dependence were allowed benzodiazepine maintenance treatment (BMT) since 1994, providing an opportunity for analysis. METHOD: 1) Case-note review of all 278 opiate substitution treatment patients, accruing 1289 patient treatment years; 46% had concurrent BMT...
January 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071871/harmonization-of-mangiferin-on-methylmercury-engendered-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#15
Shubhankar Das, Ajanta Paul, Kamalesh D Mumbrekar, Satish B S Rao
Mangiferin (MGN), a C-glucosylxanthone abundantly found in mango plants, was studied for its potential to ameliorate methylmercury (MeHg) induced mitochondrial damage in HepG2 (human hepatocarcinoma) cell line. Cell viability experiments performed using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) showed protective property of MGN in annulling MeHg-induced cytotoxicity. Conditioning the cells with optimal dose of MGN (50 µM) lowered MeHg-induced oxidative stress, calcium influx/efflux, depletion of mitochondrial trans-membrane potential and prevented mitochondrial fission as observed by decrease in Mitotracker red fluorescence, expression of pDRP1 (serine 616), and DRP1 levels...
February 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071656/acg-clinical-guideline-preventive-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Francis A Farraye, Gil Y Melmed, Gary R Lichtenstein, Sunanda V Kane
Recent data suggest that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients do not receive preventive services at the same rate as general medical patients. Patients with IBD often consider their gastroenterologist to be the primary provider of care. To improve the care delivered to IBD patients, health maintenance issues need to be co-managed by both the gastroenterologist and primary care team. Gastroenterologists need to explicitly inform the primary care provider of the unique needs of the IBD patient, especially those on immunomodulators and biologics or being considered for such therapy...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070478/the-effect-of-modifiable-healthy-practices-on-higher-level-functional-capacity-decline-among-japanese-community-dwellers
#17
Rei Otsuka, Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Yuki Kato, Mariko Nakamoto, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata, Takao Suzuki
This study aimed to clarify the effects of the accumulation of 8 modifiable practices related to health, including smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, sleeping hours, body mass index, dietary diversity, ikigai (life worth living), and health checkup status, on higher-level functional capacity decline among Japanese community dwellers. Data were derived from the National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging. Subjects comprised 1269 men and women aged 40 to 79 years at baseline (1997-2000) who participated in a follow-up postal survey (2013)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069684/weight-fluctuation-and-cancer-risk-in-post-menopausal-women-the-women-s-health-initiative
#18
Laura M Welti, Daniel P Beavers, Bette J Caan, Haleh Sangi-Haghpekar, Mara Z Vitolins, Kristen M Beavers
BACKGROUND: Weight cycling, defined by an intentional weight loss and subsequent regain, commonly occurs in overweight and obese women and is associated with some negative health outcomes. We examined the role of various weight-change patterns during early to mid- adulthood and associated risk of highly prevalent, obesity-related cancers (breast, endometrial, colorectal) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: 80,943 postmenopausal women (age: 63.4±7.4 years) in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study were categorized by self-reported weight change (weight stable; weight gain; lost weight; weight cycled [1-3, 4-6, 7-10, >10 times]) during early to mid- adulthood (18-50 years)...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069528/personal-and-professional-well-being-of-surgical-residents-in-new-england
#19
Peter S Yoo, John J Tackett, Mark W Maxfield, Rosemarie Fisher, Stephen J Huot, Walter E Longo
BACKGROUND: Although there is increasing literature about burnout and attrition among surgeons, little is known about personal and professional well-being of surgical trainees. STUDY DESIGN: General surgery residents from the six New England states participated in a cross-sectional, qualitative, self-reported survey to assess the domains of personal health maintenance, personal finance, work environment, and fatigue management as they relate to surgical training...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069285/dialysis-modality-and-readmission-following-hospital-discharge-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Jeffrey Perl, Eric McArthur, Chaim Bell, Amit X Garg, Joanne M Bargman, Christopher T Chan, Shai Harel, Lihua Li, Arsh K Jain, Danielle M Nash, Ziv Harel
BACKGROUND: Readmissions following hospital discharge among maintenance dialysis patients are common, potentially modifiable, and costly. Compared with patients receiving in-center hemodialysis (HD), patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) have fewer routine dialysis clinic encounters and as a result may be more susceptible to a hospital readmission following discharge. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based retrospective-cohort observational study. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS: Patients treated with maintenance dialysis who were discharged following an acute-care hospitalization during January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2013, across 164 acute-care hospitals in Ontario, Canada...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
keyword
keyword
69051
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"