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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793050/small-scale-managed-marine-areas-over-time-developments-and-challenges-in-a-local-fijian-reef-fishery
#1
Elodie Fache, Annette Breckwoldt
This paper investigates the Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) approach through looking at developments and challenges of community-based marine resource management over time, with a particular focus on Fiji in the South Pacific region. A diachronic perspective, based on two multi-method empirical studies, is used to exemplify the social complexities of the implementation of this LMMA approach in a specific island setting. This perspective connects local stakeholders' establishment and management of a LMMA covering their entire customary fishing rights area (iqoliqoli) with the national context articulated around the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area (FLMMA) network, as well as with regional networking and international conservation dynamics...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792533/efficacy-of-the-resilience-and-adjustment-intervention-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Jennifer H Marwitz, Adam P Sima, Ana Mills, Nancy H Hsu, Herman R Lukow
OBJECTIVE: Examine a psychoeducational and skill-building intervention's effectiveness for individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI), using a two-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled trial with wait-listed control. METHODS: The Resilience and Adjustment Intervention (RAI) targets adjustment challenges and emphasizes education, skill-building and psychological support. Overall, 160 outpatients were randomly assigned to a treatment or wait-list control (WLC) group...
May 24, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792191/cost-of-provision-of-opioid-substitution-therapy-provision-in-tijuana-mexico
#3
Jose Luis Burgos, Javier A Cepeda, James G Kahn, Maria Luisa Mittal, Emilio Meza, Raúl Rafael Palacios Lazos, Psyché Calderón Vargas, Peter Vickerman, Steffanie A Strathdee, Natasha K Martin
BACKGROUND: Mexico recently enacted drug policy reform to decriminalize possession of small amounts of illicit drugs and mandated that police refer identified substance users to drug treatment. However, the economic implications of drug treatment expansion are uncertain. We estimated the costs of opioid substitution therapy (OST) provision in Tijuana, Mexico, where opioid use and HIV are major public health concerns. METHODS: We adopted an economic health care provider perspective and applied an ingredients-based micro-costing approach to quantify the average monthly cost of OST (methadone maintenance) provision at two providers (one private and one public) in Tijuana, Mexico...
May 23, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792142/collaboration-of-the-joint-research-centre-and-the-european-customs-laboratories-for-identification-of-new-psychoactive-substances
#4
Claude Guillou, Fabiano Reniero, Joana Lobo Pereira Vicente, Margaret Holland, Kamil Kolar, Hubert Chassaigne, Salvatore Tirendi, Herve Schepers
The emergence of designer drugs as substances of abuse has seen a dramatic increase over the last few years. Customs officials are responsible for the control of products entering the European Union (EU) market. This control applies to chemicals in general, pharmaceutical products and medicines. Numerous products imported from non-EU countries, often -declared as 'bath salts' or 'fertilizers', may in fact contain new psychoactive substance (NPS). These are not necessarily controlled under international law, but are subject to monitoring in agreement with EU legislation...
May 23, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792076/emotion-regulation-in-autism-reappraisal-and-suppression-interactions
#5
Ru Ying Cai, Amanda L Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake, Julian Trollor, Mirko Uljarević
Emotion regulation has been proposed to be a transdiagnostic factor in the development and maintenance of psychopathology in the general population, yet the nature of the relationships between emotion regulation strategy use and psychological well-being has not been comprehensively explored in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess how the individual differences in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use relate to levels of both positive and negative psychological well-being...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791529/prevalence-and-correlates-of-insufficient-physical-activity-in-school-adolescents-in-peru
#6
Bimala Sharma, Rosemary Cosme Chavez, Eun Woo Nam
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and correlates of insufficient physical activity in adolescents in Peru. METHODS We used a self-administered questionnaire developed from Global school-based Student Health Survey to collect information from secondary school students in North Lima and Callao in 2015. We carried out Poisson regression with robust variance using generalized linear models to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of insufficient physical activity for its correlates...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789862/activating-and-inhibitory-receptors-expressed-on-innate-lymphoid-cells
#7
REVIEW
Sophie Guia, Aurore Fenis, Eric Vivier, Emilie Narni-Mancinelli
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are innate immune cells located in lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues. They are particularly abundant at mucosal and barrier surfaces. Three major ILC subsets are present in humans and mice: group 1 ILCs (comprising natural killer (NK) cells and ILC1s), ILC2s, and ILC3s. ILCs are involved in the maintenance of homeostasis and the regulation of immunity. This review focuses on the extensive array of activating and inhibitory receptors expressed by ILCs for communication with other cell types and their environment in health and disease...
May 22, 2018: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789027/ethanolamine-enhances-intestinal-functions-by-altering-gut-microbiome-and-mucosal-anti-stress-capacity-in-weaned-rats
#8
Jian Zhou, Xia Xiong, Ke-Xing Wang, Li-Jun Zou, Peng Ji, Yu-Long Yin
Ethanolamine (Etn) contained in milk is the base constituent of phosphatidylethanolamine and is required for the proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells and bacteria, which is important for maintenance of the gut microbiome and intestinal development. The present study investigated the effect of Etn on intestinal function and microbiome using 21-d-old Sprague-Dawley rats treated with 0, 250, 500 and 1000 μm Etn in drinking water for 2 weeks immediately after weaning. Growth performance, intestinal morphology, antioxidant capacity and mucosal immunity, as well as gut microbiota community composition, were evaluated...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788364/effectiveness-of-prenatal-vitamin-d-deficiency-screening-and-treatment-program-a-stratified-randomized-field-trial
#9
Maryam Rostami, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Masoumeh Simbar, Razieh Bidhendi Yarandi, Sonia Minooee, Bruce W Hollis, Farhad Hosseinpanah
Context: Despite evidence on the association between hypovitaminosis D and adverse pregnancy outcomes and the positive impact of vitamin D supplementation, no evidence exists supporting a universal screening program in pregnancy as part of a routine prenatal care. Objective: We aimed at determining the effectiveness of a prenatal screening program on optimizing 25-hydroxyvitamin D(25(OH)D) levels and preventing pregnancy complications. Also, to identify a safe regimen, we compared several regimens in a subgroup of vitamin D deficient pregnant women...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788091/determinants-of-incentive-preferences-for-health-behavior-change-in-japan
#10
Toshihiko Takada, Shingo Fukuma, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Kakuya Nihata, Jun Miyashita, Teruhisa Azuma, Michio Hayashi, Shunichi Fukuhara
Interest in the use of incentives to promote health behavior change has been growing worldwide. However, to develop an effective incentive program, accurate information regarding individual preferences is essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify determinants of incentive preferences for health behavior change. A self-completed questionnaire survey regarding incentives for health behavior change was conducted in a Japanese village in 2015. The outcome measures were individual preferences for features of incentives, including item, frequency, type and value...
May 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788083/evaluation-of-an-intensive-interdisciplinary-pain-treatment-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-and-their-parents-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#11
Mike K Kemani, Marie Kanstrup, Abbie Jordan, Line Caes, Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert
Objective: Parental factors are central in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in youths. Only a handful of studies have investigated the impact of psychological treatments for pediatric chronic pain on parental factors, and the relationships between changes in parental and adolescent factors. In the current study, we evaluated the effects of an intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment (IIPT) program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for adolescents with chronic pain, on adolescent and parental variables, and the relationship between parental psychological flexibility and adolescent pain acceptance...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787574/child-morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-alternative-policy-responses-to-the-economic-crisis-in-brazil-a-nationwide-microsimulation-study
#12
Davide Rasella, Sanjay Basu, Thomas Hone, Romulo Paes-Sousa, Carlos Octávio Ocké-Reis, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, a major economic crisis in Brazil has led to increasing poverty and the implementation of long-term fiscal austerity measures that will substantially reduce expenditure on social welfare programmes as a percentage of the country's GDP over the next 20 years. The Bolsa Família Programme (BFP)-one of the largest conditional cash transfer programmes in the world-and the nationwide primary healthcare strategy (Estratégia Saúde da Família [ESF]) are affected by fiscal austerity, despite being among the policy interventions with the strongest estimated impact on child mortality in the country...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787397/age-differences-in-health-behavior-and-weight-changes-in-japanese-workers-one-year-follow-up-study
#13
Machi Suka, Takashi Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
OBJECTIVE: To examine one-year changes in stage of health behavior change and its associations with changes in health behavior and weight in a working population cohort. METHODS: Using annual health examination data, 57,431 eligible Japanese workers aged 18-64 years were examined for their one-year changes in stage of change, eating and exercise habits, and weight. RESULTS: The stages of change became polarized into the precontemplation and the action/maintenance (i...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786684/-the-development-of-the-system-of-medical-rehabilitation-based-at-the-russian-health-resort-facilities-investment-prospects
#14
E L Povazhnaya, E V Gusakova, S V Moiseenko
The present work is devoted to the prospects for attracting investments for the maintenance and development of the medical rehabilitation practices based at the Russian health resort facilities. The article describes the prerequisites for the enhancement of the investment attractiveness of the development of the system of medical rehabilitation in the said institutions including the formulation and strengthening of the legal and regulatory framework, the capacity for the organization of the second and third stages of medical rehabilitation in the existing spa and health resort facilities, the attraction of the funds of compulsory medical insurance as an additional source of the financial support...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785199/physical-exercise-for-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-and-experimental-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Alessandro Oliveira de Carvalho, Alberto Souza Sá Filho, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sergio Machado
Background: National projections about the increase in the elderly population over 60 years bring with it an increase in the number of people affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), making it an important public health problem. Therefore, the establishment of effective strategies for intervention in people with PD needs to be more clearly investigated. Objective: The study aimed to report the effectiveness of exercise on functional capacity and neurobiological mechanisms in people with PD...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784876/chca-1-is-a-copper-regulated-ctr1-homolog-required-for-normal-development-copper-accumulation-and-copper-sensing-behavior-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#16
Sai Yuan, Anuj Kumar Sharma, Alexandria Richart, Jaekwon Lee, Byung-Eun Kim
Copper (Cu) plays key roles in catalytic and regulatory biochemical reactions essential for normal growth, development, and health. Dietary Cu deficiencies or mutations in Cu homeostasis genes can lead to abnormal musculoskeletal development, cognitive disorders, and poor growth. In yeast and mammals, Cu is acquired through the activities of the Ctr1 family of high-affinity Cu transporters. However, the mechanisms of systemic responses to dietary or tissue-specific Cu deficiency remain unclear. Here, taking advantage of the animal model Caenorhabditis elegans for studying whole-body Cu homeostasis, we investigated the role of a C...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784581/how-to-make-a-tongue-cellular-and-molecular-regulation-of-muscle-and-connective-tissue-formation-during-mammalian-tongue-development
#17
REVIEW
Martyn T Cobourne, Sachiko Iseki, Anahid A Birjandi, Hadeel Adel Al-Lami, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Guilherme M Xavier, Karen J Liu
The vertebrate tongue is a complex muscular organ situated in the oral cavity and involved in multiple functions including mastication, taste sensation, articulation and the maintenance of oral health. Although the gross embryological contributions to tongue formation have been known for many years, it is only relatively recently that the molecular pathways regulating these processes have begun to be discovered. In particular, there is now evidence that the Hedgehog, TGF-Beta, Wnt and Notch signaling pathways all play an important role in mediating appropriate signaling interactions between the epithelial, cranial neural crest and mesodermal cell populations that are required to form the tongue...
May 18, 2018: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784225/nursing-diagnoses-of-the-homeless-population-in-light-of-self-care-theory
#18
Felicialle Pereira da Silva, Francisco de Assis Siqueira Paiva, Carolina Pereira Guedes, Iracema da Silva Frazão, Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos, Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima
BACKGROUND: A growing number of people find themselves in conditions of extreme poverty, which often makes living on the streets the only option. Living conditions in this setting exert a direct impact on health and self-care. Health care for the homeless population should be planned in an interdisciplinary and intersectoral manner. In this context, nursing diagnoses constitute an essential part of the systemization of care. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to identify nursing diagnoses of a homeless population and propose nursing interventions based on the findings in light of the Nursing Outcomes Classification and Nursing Interventions Classification...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783887/a-vision-for-global-heath-diplomacy-in-the-foreign-policy-process-using-smart-power-to-prevent-and-resolve-international-conflict
#19
Sebastian Kevany
In the twenty-first Century, the developed world attempts to provide global health assistance, to poorer countries - at least in part in the pursuit and maintenance of world order and stability. Rarely, however - and in most cases, then on an ad hoc basis - are related foreign policy tools deployed in combination with each other. Nonetheless, there is currently greater openness than ever before to such interdigitation. Not least this reflects the unprecedented challenges of modern political and security conditions - struggling to operate amidst a broader culture of global adverserialism, and conflict which conventional systems of intervention have struggled to successfully resolve...
May 21, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783781/nutraceuticals-in-periodontal-health-a-systematic-review-on-the-role-of-vitamins-in-periodontal-health-maintenance
#20
REVIEW
Alfonso Varela-López, María D Navarro-Hortal, Francesca Giampieri, Pedro Bullón, Maurizio Battino, José L Quiles
Periodontal disease, a relevant public health problem worldwide, is generally considered a common pathology of elderly people. In this respect, there is agreement about that nutritional status may be a modifying factor in the progression and healing of the periodontal tissues. Vitamins have been recommended as nutraceuticals for prevention and treatment of some pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity or cancer. Thus, a systematic approach to determining how the different vitamin type could ameliorate periodontal risks or improve periodontal health is necessary to further the understanding of the potential benefits and risks of vitamins supplementation use...
May 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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