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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339536/successful-nutrition-policy-improvement-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-status-in-finnish-adults-over-the-last-decade
#1
Susanna Raulio, Iris Erlund, Satu Männistö, Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, Jouko Sundvall, Heli Tapanainen, Erkki Vartiainen, Suvi M Virtanen
Due to vitamin D intake below recommendation (10 µg/day) and low (<50 nmol/l) serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) concentration in Finnish population, the fortification of liquid dairy products with 0.5 µg vitamin D/100 g and fat spreads with 10 µg/100 g started in Finland in December 2002. In 2010, the fortification recommendation was doubled. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the vitamin D intake and status have improved among Finnish adults as a consequence of these nutrition policy actions...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338487/the-evolution-of-disease-chronic-lung-disease-of-infancy-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#2
Michael C Tracy, David N Cornfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or chronic lung disease of infancy BPD was originally described 50 years ago, in 1967 by Northway et al. This article possesses two fundamental objectives to provide: a brief historical perspective on BPD; and an update relative to current notions of epidemiology, pathophysiology, evaluation, and clinical management of BPD complicated by vascular disease. The review highlights areas of consensus and ongoing uncertainty. RECENT FINDINGS: The clinical cause and presentation of infants with BPD has evolved over the past several decades...
March 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306140/dietary-and-nutritional-change-in-india-implications-for-strategies-policies-and-interventions
#3
Bhavani Shankar, Sutapa Agrawal, Amy R Beaudreault, Laxmaiah Avula, Reynaldo Martorell, Saskia Osendarp, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mireille Seneclauze Mclean
Despite the global transition to overnutrition, stunting affected approximately 159 million children worldwide in 2014, while an estimated 50 million children were wasted. India is an important front in the fight against malnutrition and is grappling with the coexistence of undernutrition, overnutrition, and micronutrient deficiencies. This report summarizes discussions on trends in malnutrition in India, its evolution in the context of economic growth, intrahousehold aspects, infant and young child feeding practices, women's status, maternal nutrition, and nutrition policymaking...
March 17, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265873/trends-in-the-levels-of-urine-and-serum-creatinine-data-from-nhanes-2001-2014
#4
Ram B Jain
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to study trends for urine and serum creatinine over 2001-2014 for those aged ≥20 years. In the absence of chronic kidney disease, levels of urine creatinine decreased for the total population, for those aged 20-29, 50-59, and ≥70 years, for males, and for Mexican Americans and other race/ethnicities. Levels of serum cotinine also exhibited a decreasing trend over 2001-2014 for the total population, for those aged 20-29 and 40-49 years, for females, and for non-Hispanic whites and Mexican Americans...
March 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243587/estimating-the-healthiness-of-internet-recipes-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Christoph Trattner, David Elsweiler, Simon Howard
A government's response to increasing incidence of lifestyle-related illnesses, such as obesity, has been to encourage people to cook for themselves. The healthiness of home cooking will, nevertheless, depend on what people cook and how they cook it. In this article, one common source of cooking inspiration-Internet-sourced recipes-is investigated in depth. The energy and macronutrient content of 5,237 main meal recipes from the food website Allrecipes.com are compared with those of 100 main meal recipes from five bestselling cookery books from popular celebrity chefs and 100 ready meals from the three leading UK supermarkets...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243502/ceeg-electrode-related-pressure-ulcers-in-acutely-hospitalized-patients
#6
Lidia M V R Moura, Thiago S Carneiro, David Kwasnik, Valdery F Moura, Christine S Blodgett, Joseph Cohen, Mary McKenna Guanci, Daniel B Hoch, John Hsu, Andrew J Cole, M Brandon Westover
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers resulting from continuous EEG (cEEG) monitoring in hospitalized patients have gained attention as a preventable medical complication. We measured their incidence and risk factors. METHODS: We performed an observational investigation of cEEG-electrode-related pressure ulcers (EERPU) among acutely ill patients over a 22-month period. Variables analyzed included age, sex, monitoring duration, hospital location, application methods, vasopressor usage, nutritional status, skin allergies, fever, and presence/severity of EERPU...
February 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238670/association-of-pregnancy-with-stone-formation-among-us-women-a-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-analysis-2007-2012
#7
Lael Reinstatler, Sari Khaleel, Vernon M Pais
PURPOSE: Lithogenic urinary changes occur during pregnancy. Such changes may increase stone proclivity in working and child rearing aged women thereafter. However, such an association has not been previously identified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative data from 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess the association between pregnancy and nephrolithiasis. RESULTS: The weighted national prevalence of nephrolithiasis among women ≤50 was 6...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238351/antenatal-weight-management-diet-physical-activity-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-early-pregnancy
#8
Judy A Swift, Simon C Langley-Evans, Jo Pearce, Preeti H Jethwa, Moira A Taylor, Amanda Avery, Sarah Ellis, Sarah McMullen, Kirsty J Elliott-Sale
OBJECTIVE: to investigate women's physical activity levels, diet and gestational weight gain, and their experiences and motivations of behavior change. DESIGN: analysis of cross-sectional data collected during a longitudinal, cohort study examining physiological, psychological, sociodemographic, and self-reported behavioural measures relating to bodyweight. SETTING: women recruited from routine antenatal clinics at the Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust...
January 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219767/the-biochemical-alterations-underlying-post-burn-hypermetabolism
#9
REVIEW
Christopher Auger, Osai Samadi, Marc G Jeschke
A severe burn can trigger a hypermetabolic state which lasts for years following the injury, to the detriment of the patient. The drastic increase in metabolic demands during this phase renders it difficult to meet the body's nutritional requirements, thus increasing muscle, bone and adipose catabolism and predisposing the patient to a host of disorders such as multi-organ dysfunction and sepsis, or even death. Despite advances in burn care over the last 50 years, due to the multifactorial nature of the hypermetabolic phenomenon it is difficult if not impossible to precisely identify and pharmacologically modulate the biological mediators contributing to this substantial metabolic derangement...
February 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196089/taxes-and-subsidies-for-improving-diet-and-population-health-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-modelling-study
#10
Linda J Cobiac, King Tam, Lennert Veerman, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of countries are implementing taxes on unhealthy foods and drinks to address the growing burden of dietary-related disease, but the cost-effectiveness of combining taxes on unhealthy foods and subsidies on healthy foods is not well understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a population model of dietary-related diseases and health care costs and food price elasticities, we simulated the effect of taxes on saturated fat, salt, sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages and a subsidy on fruits and vegetables, over the lifetime of the Australian population...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166577/longitudinal-hypertension-outcomes-at-four-student-run-free-clinic-sites
#11
Sunny D Smith, Steven M Rojas, Junwen Huang, Kuangyi Yang, Florin Vaida
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Student-Run Free Clinics (SRFCs) play a significant role in medical education yet there is minimal information about patient outcomes over time in this setting. The purpose of this study was to assess longitudinal outcomes of hypertension management during routine care at four SRFC sites, while comparing control rates with national standards, and examining for characteristics independently associated with uncontrolled hypertension. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective medical record review of visits from January 2004 through April 2016 with an initial visit for hypertension and a follow-up visit 9 to 15 months later...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163777/hospitalization-cost-of-conventional-psychiatric-care-compared-to-broad-spectrum-micronutrient-treatment-literature-review-and-case-study-of-adult-psychosis
#12
Bonnie J Kaplan, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Jeffrey S Hoch
BACKGROUND: Healthcare costs are skyrocketing, with mental health treatment amongst the most expensive, especially when hospitalization is involved. According to the Mental Health Commission of Canada, one in five Canadians is living with a mental disorder in any given year, at an annual cost of $50 billion. In light of this societal burden, alternative approaches are being evaluated, such as brief psychotherapy by phone, peer support, and, as part of the emerging field of nutritional mental health, treatment with micronutrients (minerals and vitamins)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161170/maternal-supplementation-with-rumen-protected-methionine-increases-prepartal-plasma-methionine-concentration-and-alters-hepatic-mrna-abundance-of-1-carbon-methionine-and-transsulfuration-pathways-in-neonatal-holstein-calves
#13
C B Jacometo, Z Zhou, D Luchini, M N Corrêa, J J Loor
An important mechanism of nutritional "programming" induced by supplementation with methyl donors during pregnancy is the alteration of mRNA abundance in the offspring. We investigated the effects of rumen-protected Met (RPM) on abundance of 17 genes in the 1-carbon, Met, and transsulfuration pathways in calf liver from cows fed the same basal diet without (control, CON) or with RPM at 0.08% of diet dry matter/d (MET) from -21 through +30 d around calving. Biopsies (n = 8 calves per diet) were harvested on d 4, 14, 28, and 50 of age...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122782/a-metabolomic-study-of-biomarkers-of-meat-and-fish-intake
#14
William Cheung, Pekka Keski-Rahkonen, Nada Assi, Pietro Ferrari, Heinz Freisling, Sabina Rinaldi, Nadia Slimani, Raul Zamora-Ros, Milena Rundle, Gary Frost, Helena Gibbons, Eibhlin Carr, Lorraine Brennan, Amanda J Cross, Valeria Pala, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Tilman Kühn, Rudolf Kaaks, Heiner Boeing, Anna Floegel, Francesca Mancini, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Laura Baglietto, Antonia Trichopoulou, Androniki Naska, Philippos Orfanos, Augustin Scalbert
BACKGROUND: Meat and fish intakes have been associated with various chronic diseases. The use of specific biomarkers may help to assess meat and fish intake and improve subject classification according to the amount and type of meat or fish consumed. OBJECTIVE: A metabolomic approach was applied to search for biomarkers of meat and fish intake in a dietary intervention study and in free-living subjects from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122702/major-publications-in-the-critical-care-pharmacotherapy-literature-in-2015
#15
Adrian Wong, Michael Erdman, Drayton A Hammond, Tara Holt, Jenna M Holzhausen, Michelle Horng, Lori Lynn Huang, Jennifer Jarvis, Bridgette Kram, Shawn Kram, Christine Lesch, Jessica Mercer, Megan A Rech, Ryan Rivosecchi, Brian Stump, Colleen Teevan, Sarah Day
PURPOSE: Recently published practice guidelines and research reports on pharmacotherapy in critical care patient populations are summarized. SUMMARY: The Critical Care Pharmacotherapy Literature Update (CCPLU) Group is composed of over 50 experienced critical care pharmacists who evaluate 31 peer-reviewed journals monthly to identify literature pertaining to pharmacotherapy in critical care populations. Articles are chosen for summarization in a monthly CCPLU Group publication on the basis of applicability and relevance to clinical practice and strength of study design...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102992/environmental-factors-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review-for-the-years-2003-2013
#16
M Ng, J G de Montigny, M Ofner, M T Do
INTRODUCTION: The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been rapidly rising in the past decade. The etiology of this disorder, however, is largely unknown, although the environmental relative to the genetic contribution is substantial. We conducted a scoping review to comprehensively assess the current state of knowledge of the environmental factors present from preconception to early life associated with ASD, and to identify research gaps. METHODS: We searched electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and ERIC for articles on potential risk factors or protective factors from the physical and social environments associated with ASD and its subclassifications published between 1 January, 2003, and 12 July, 2013...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088405/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-immunoglobulin-g-fat-protein-and-lactose-concentrations-in-bovine-colostrum-and-colostrum-management-practices-in-grassland-based-dairy-systems-in-northern-ireland
#17
A Dunn, A Ashfield, B Earley, M Welsh, A Gordon, S J Morrison
The objectives of this study were to investigate colostrum feeding practices and colostrum quality on commercial grassland-based dairy farms, and to identify factors associated with colostrum quality that could help inform the development of colostrum management protocols. Over 1 yr, background information associated with dairy calvings and colostrum management practices were recorded on 21 commercial dairy farms. Colostrum samples (n = 1,239) were analyzed for fat, protein, lactose, and IgG concentration. A subset was analyzed for somatic cell count and total viable bacteria count...
March 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#18
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#19
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003293/estimating-change-in-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-burdens-due-to-dietary-and-metabolic-factors-in-korea-1998-2011-a-comparative-risk-assessment-analysis
#20
Yoonsu Cho, Frederick Cudhea, Ju-Hyun Park, Jong-Tae Lee, Dariush Mozaffarian, Gitanjali Singh, Min-Jeong Shin
OBJECTIVES: Over the past 10 years, the burden of chronic diseases in Korea has increased. However, there are currently no quantitative estimates of how changes in diet and metabolic factors have contributed to these shifting burdens. This study aims to evaluate the contributions of dietary and metabolic risk factors to death from cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) such as cardiovascular conditions, strokes and diabetes in Korea, and to estimate how these contributions have changed over the past 10 years (1998-2011)...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
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