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Nutrition for over 50

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678404/longer-sitting-time-and-low-physical-activity-are-closely-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-population-over-50-years-of-age-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-sixth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Sang-Min Park, Ho-Joong Kim, Hyunseok Jeong, Hyoungmin Kim, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There is increasing evidence supporting an association between sitting time and low back pain (LBP). However, the degree of the association between the total daily sitting time and LBP in the general population is poorly understood. PURPOSE: (1) To analyze the association between the duration of sitting time and LBP, and (2) to examine this association according to the degree of physical activity in population over 50 years of age with a nationally representative sample of Korean adults...
April 17, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678183/a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial-investigating-the-effect-of-anti-inflammatory-diet-on-disease-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-anti-inflammatory-diet-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-adira-study-protocol
#2
Anna Winkvist, Linnea Bärebring, Inger Gjertsson, Lars Ellegård, Helen M Lindqvist
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects 0.5-1.0% of the population, and where many patients in spite of modern pharmacological treatment fail to reach remission. This affects physical as well as mental wellbeing and leads to severely reduced quality of life and reduced work capacity, thus yielding high individual as well as societal costs. As a complement to modern pharmacological treatment, lifestyle intervention should be evaluated as a treatment option...
April 20, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673832/effects-of-physical-training-with-the-nintendo-wii-fit-plus-%C3%A2-and-protein-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-function-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-pre-frail-older-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-wiiprotein-study
#3
Audrin Said Vojciechowski, Simone Biesek, Jarbas Melo Filho, Estela Iraci Rabito, Maryelle Paula do Amaral, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: Frailty is one of the key geriatric syndromes and is related to the loss of functional independence. However, the practice of physical training (PT) combined with protein supplementation (PS) may improve musculoskeletal function (MF). OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of PT using 'exergames' with or without PS on MF, nutritional status, and risk of falls in pre-frail older women. METHOD: The protocol is for a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of pre-frail older women, divided into 5 groups: control group; PT using exergames; PS; PT using exergames combined with PS; PT using exergames combined with isoenergetic supplementation...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644218/nutrition-in-the-bin-a-nutritional-and-environmental-assessment-of-food-wasted-in-the-uk
#4
Karen A Cooper, Tom E Quested, Helene Lanctuit, Diane Zimmermann, Namy Espinoza-Orias, Anne Roulin
The UK currently has the most detailed, directly measured data for food wasted in the home. This includes information on the exact types of food wasted. These data allow calculation of the nutrients within that waste, as well as its environmental impact. The results progress the conversation beyond how much food is wasted or its energy content; it permits the implications for nutrition and sustainability to be assessed in detail. Data for UK household food waste were expressed as an average waste per capita for each type of food...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610219/volume-of-light-versus-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-similar-benefits-for-all-cause-mortality
#5
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Richard P Troiano, David Berrigan, William E Kraus, Charles E Matthews
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the greater benefits of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (PA) over light PA are attributed to the higher-intensity PA or simply the greater volume of PA accumulated per unit time for moderate-to-vigorous PA. We examined this question using estimates of the volume of light and moderate-to-vigorous PA in relation to all-cause mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006 accelerometer records in adults (≥40 years; n=4840) and mortality data collected through 2011 (n=700 deaths)...
April 2, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596189/chapter-8-50-years-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-captivating-witness-reports-of-a-success-story
#6
Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Stefano Guandalini, Deirdre Kelly, Berthold Koletzko, Michael J Lentze, Alexander S McNeish, Peter J Milla, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Raanan Shamir, Birgitta Strandvik, Riccardo Troncone, Jarmo Visakorpi
Since the conception of an idea of a few paediatric gastroenterologists in Europe to create a society for Paediatric Gastroenterology in 1967, and its foundation in 1968, half a century has passed. The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) now celebrates its 50th anniversary and its utmost success in combining clinical and scientific expertise in the fields of paediatric gastroenterology, haepatology, and nutrition. To describe this success story 14 of the still living presidents of ESPGHAN recount their impressions of the steady growth of ESPGHAN with all the historical facets from their own points of view...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593346/large-regional-disparities-in-prevalence-management-and-reimbursement-of-hospital-undernutrition
#7
Saman Khalatbari-Soltani, Carlos de Mestral, Gérard Waeber, Pedro Marques-Vidal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Undernutrition is a frequent condition among hospitalized patients, with a significant impact on patient's outcome and hospital costs. Whether undernutrition is reported similarly at the national level has seldom been assessed. We aimed to (1) assess regional differences within Switzerland regarding undernutrition prevalence, management, and cost reimbursement and (2) identify the factors associated with reporting of undernutrition status and its management. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Observational cross-sectional study including routine statistics from the Swiss hospital discharge databases for years 2013 and 2014 (seven administrative regions)...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588814/environmental-interventions-based-on-the-health-belief-model-and-the-ecological-social-model-in-the-continuation-of-consumption-of-rice-free-from-toxic-metals
#8
Leili Shafiei, Parvaneh Taymoori, Afshin Maleki, Kourosh Sayehmiri
Background and aim: Continuation of healthy nutritional behaviors is one of the important factors in effectiveness of educational intervention programs. The aim of this research is to compare the Health Belief Model and the Ecological-social model in reducing consumption of rice contaminated with toxic metals after completion of environmental intervention and continuation of consumption of healthy rice. Methods: This research was the implementation of a six-month randomized controlled trial interventional program in two groups' interventions along with a control group, with 80 people for each group totally, amounting to 240 women, between 18 and 50 years of age in Ilam, Iran in 2014...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580515/probiotic-potential-of-yeasts-isolated-from-pineapple-and-their-use-in-the-elaboration-of-potentially-functional-fermented-beverages
#9
Juliana Cunha Amorim, Roberta Hilsdorf Piccoli, Whasley Ferreira Duarte
Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merril) is a tropical fruit rich in nutrients characterized by a pleasant taste and widely consumed in several countries. It is used to produce juice, jams and wine. In this work, 150 yeasts isolates were obtained from peel (18) and spontaneously fermented pineapple pulp (132). The probiotic potential of 50 isolates was studied. Survival at pH 2.0, pepsin 3.0 g/L, and tolerance of bile salts (0.1 and 1% (w/v) were determined as indicators of survival potential of the isolates during the passage through the human gastrointestinal tract in simulated conditions...
May 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576353/improving-nutrition-care-and-intake-for-older-hospital-patients-through-system-level-dietary-and-mealtime-interventions
#10
Adrienne M Young, Merrilyn D Banks, Alison M Mudge
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Interventions such as oral nutritional supplements (ONS), fortified meals and mid-meals, feeding assistants and Protected Mealtimes have shown some impact on nutritional intake in research studies, but embedding them in practise remains challenging. This study monitored nutritional intake of older medical inpatients as dietary and mealtime interventions were progressively implemented into routine practise. METHODS: Series of three prospectively evaluated patient cohorts allowed comparison of nutritional intake of 320 consented medical inpatients aged 65 + years: cohort 1 (2007-8), cohort 2 (2009) and cohort 3 (2013-14) as nutrition care interventions were progressively introduced and embedded...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576031/reducing-meat-consumption-in-the-usa-a-nationally-representative-survey-of-attitudes-and-behaviours
#11
Roni A Neff, Danielle Edwards, Anne Palmer, Rebecca Ramsing, Allison Righter, Julia Wolfson
OBJECTIVE: Excess meat consumption, particularly of red and processed meats, is associated with nutritional and environmental health harms. While only a small portion of the population is vegetarian, surveys suggest many Americans may be reducing their meat consumption. To inform education campaigns, more information is needed about attitudes, perceptions, behaviours and foods eaten in meatless meals. DESIGN: A web-based survey administered in April 2015 assessed meat reduction behaviours, attitudes, what respondents ate in meatless meals and sociodemographic characteristics...
March 26, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569117/twenty-year-trends-in-cardiovascular-risk-among-men-and-women-in-the-united-states
#12
Jung Ki Kim, Jennifer A Ailshire, Eileen M Crimmins
BACKGROUND: Relative to men, women have experienced slower improvement in mortality in the US in recent decades. AIMS: We investigated 20-year trends in cardiovascular risk for men and women age 40 and over in the US to determine whether there was differential change in risk for men and women. METHODS: Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), we estimated total cardiovascular risk, the prevalence of individual risk factors, and potential factors contributing to change in risk...
March 22, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565150/micronutrient-intake-in-elderly-living-in-nursing-homes
#13
Bruno Santos Assis, Jairza Maria Barreto-Medeiros Jairza, Jamile Almeida Lopes, Ana Karla Carneiro Roriz, Adriana Lima Melo, Agatha Previdell, Rita De Cássia Aquino, Lilian Barbosa Ramos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ingestion of micronutrients in elderly living in nursing homes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted with 216 individuals of both sexes, age equal or greater than 60 years, living in nursing homes for elderly in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Direct weighing of the food was used to get food intake, and prevalence of inadequacy was obtained using the software Multiple Source Method (MSM) and evaluated by estimated average requirement (EAR)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551407/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-intake-omega-6-omega-3-ratio-and-mortality-findings-from-two-independent-nationwide-cohorts
#14
Pan Zhuang, Wenqiao Wang, Jun Wang, Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been reported to exert pleiotropic protective effects against various chronic diseases. However, epidemiologic evidence linking specific PUFA intake to mortality has been limited and contradictory. We aim to assess the associations between specific dietary PUFA and mortality among adults in China and America, respectively. METHODS: Participants from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS, n = 14,117) and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES (n = 36,032)] were prospectively followed up through the year 2011...
March 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551401/leveraging-delay-discounting-for-health-can-time-delays-influence-food-choice
#15
Bradley M Appelhans, Simone A French, Tamara Olinger, Michael Bogucki, Imke Janssen, Elizabeth F Avery-Mamer, Lisa M Powell
Delay discounting, the tendency to choose smaller immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards, is theorized to promote consumption of immediately rewarding but unhealthy foods at the expense of long-term weight maintenance and nutritional health. An untested implication of delay discounting models of decision-making is that selectively delaying access to less healthy foods may promote selection of healthier (immediately available) alternatives, even if they may be less desirable. The current study tested this hypothesis by measuring healthy versus regular vending machine snack purchasing before and during the implementation of a 25-s time delay on the delivery of regular snacks...
March 15, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531465/quality-indicators-in-pediatric-colonoscopy-in-a-low-volume-center-implications-for-training
#16
Way-Seah Lee, Chun-Wei Tee, Zhong-Lin Koay, Tat-Seng Wong, Fatimah Zahraq, Hee-Wei Foo, Sik-Yong Ong, Shin-Yee Wong, Ruey-Terng Ng
AIM: To study implications of measuring quality indicators on training and trainees' performance in pediatric colonoscopy in a low-volume training center. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the performance of pediatric colonoscopies in a training center in Malaysia over 5 years (January 2010-December 2015), benchmarked against five quality indicators: appropriateness of indications, bowel preparations, cecum and ileal examination rates, and complications. The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy guideline for pediatric endoscopy and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition training guidelines were used as benchmarks...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525790/race-ethnicity-dietary-acid-load-and-risk-of-end-stage-renal-disease-among-us-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Deidra C Crews, Tanushree Banerjee, Donald E Wesson, Hal Morgenstern, Rajiv Saran, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Desmond E Williams, Neil R Powe
BACKGROUND: Dietary acid load (DAL) contributes to the risk of CKD and CKD progression. We sought to determine the relation of DAL to racial/ethnic differences in the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among persons with CKD. METHODS: Among 1,123 non-Hispanic black (NHB) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III participants with estimated glomerular filtration rate 15-59 mL/min/1.73 m2, DAL was estimated using the Remer and Manz net acid excretion (NAEes) formula and 24-h dietary recall...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523566/long-term-clinical-parameters-after-switching-to-nocturnal-haemodialysis-a-dutch-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study-comparing-patients-on-nocturnal-haemodialysis-with-patients-on-three-times-a-week-haemodialysis-haemodiafiltration
#18
Thijs Thomas Jansz, Akin Özyilmaz, Muriel P C Grooteman, Tiny Hoekstra, Marieke Romijn, Peter J Blankestijn, Michael L Bots, Brigit C van Jaarsveld
OBJECTIVES: Nocturnal haemodialysis (NHD), characterised by 8-hour sessions ≥3 times a week, is known to improve clinical parameters in the short term compared with conventional-schedule haemodialysis (HD), generally 3×3.5-4 hours a week. We studied long-term effects of NHD and used patients on conventional HD/haemodiafiltration (HDF) as controls. DESIGN: Four-year prospective follow-up of patients who switched to NHD; we compared patients with patients on HD/HDF using propensity score matching...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515430/bitot-s-spots-following-bariatric-surgery-an-ocular-manifestation-of-a-systemic-disease
#19
Amanda R Crum, Divya Srikumaran, Fasika Woreta
Background: To present a case of ocular complications from vitamin A deficiency following bariatric surgery. Case Report: A 41-year-old woman presented with symptoms of dryness and diminished night vision. Examination revealed corneal punctate staining, keratinization of the conjunctiva, and multiple mid-peripheral white lesions at the level of the retinal pigment epithelium. Given the patient's history of bariatric surgery, anemia, and vitamin D deficiency, further investigation into micronutrient levels was performed and indicated a severe vitamin A deficiency...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510490/gastrointestinal-tolerance-and-glycemic-response-of-isomaltooligosaccharides-in-healthy-adults
#20
Vishnupriya Gourineni, Maria L Stewart, Didem Icoz, J Paul Zimmer
Ingredients delivering functional and nutritional benefits are of interest to food manufacturers. Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) which serve as alternate sweeteners fit into this category. IMOs are a mixture of α-(1 → 6) and α-(1 → 4)-linked glucose oligomers, synthesized by an enzymatic reaction from starch (corn, tapioca). The aim of this study was to evaluate the fermentability and glycemic response of IMO in a healthy population. Two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over human studies were conducted...
March 3, 2018: Nutrients
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