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Nutrition for over 50

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389237/influence-of-age-on-sleeve-gastrectomy-results
#1
Ghislain Pauleau, Géraldine Goin, Yvain Goudard, Bruno De La Villeon, Sarah Brardjanian, Paul Balandraud
INTRODUCTION: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has been a booming technique for 10 years. Bariatric surgery in patients over 50 years can be an effective solution on weight loss and comorbidities. The association with the nutritional and psychological care is essential to allow a true change of life mode. We are studying the mid-term (3-year) outcomes after SG in patients over 50 years of age. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzes patients treated between January 2011 and December 2013...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385057/dietary-balance-index-07-and-the-risk-of-anemia-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-in-southwest-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Qiang Zhang, Guanghe Qin, Zhitao Liu, Zi Li, Juanjuan Li, Deepthi S Varma, Qingqing Wan, Jiang Zhao, Xiangdong Min, Xingmeng Han, Min Liu
A balanced diet is essential to achieve and maintain good health. In this study, we assessed diet quality of middle aged and elderly people based on Chinese Diet Balance Index-07 (DBI-07) and explored the associations between DBI-07 and anemia. Data analyzed for this study was from the 2010-2012 National Nutrition and Health Survey in Yunnan province, southwest China (n = 738, aged 50-77 years). Dietary recalls over there consecutive days were done in a face-to-face interview. The scores of DBI-07 for each component and three DBI-07 indicators ((Lower Bound Score (LBS), Higher Bound Score (HBS), Diet Quality Distance (DQD)) were calculated according to compliance with the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese residents...
January 31, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384335/dietary-patterns-dietary-lead-exposure-and-hypertension-in-the-older-chinese-population
#3
Xiaoyue Xu, Julie E Byles, Zumin Shi, John J Hall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With rapid population ageing and an increasing rate of hypertension in China, this study aims to examine the association between dietary patterns, dietary lead and hypertension among older Chinese population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We analysed the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey data (2,634 individuals with dietary and hypertension measurement data, aged ≥60 years). Dietary data were obtained using 24 hour-recall over three consecutive days...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381789/comparison-of-self-reported-dietary-intakes-from-the-automated-self-administered-24-h-recall-4-d-food-records-and-food-frequency-questionnaires-against-recovery-biomarkers
#4
Yikyung Park, Kevin W Dodd, Victor Kipnis, Frances E Thompson, Nancy Potischman, Dale A Schoeller, David J Baer, Douglas Midthune, Richard P Troiano, Heather Bowles, Amy F Subar
Background: A limited number of studies have evaluated self-reported dietary intakes against objective recovery biomarkers. Objective: The aim was to compare dietary intakes of multiple Automated Self-Administered 24-h recalls (ASA24s), 4-d food records (4DFRs), and food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) against recovery biomarkers and to estimate the prevalence of under- and overreporting. Design: Over 12 mo, 530 men and 545 women, aged 50-74 y, were asked to complete 6 ASA24s (2011 version), 2 unweighed 4DFRs, 2 FFQs, two 24-h urine collections (biomarkers for protein, potassium, and sodium intakes), and 1 administration of doubly labeled water (biomarker for energy intake)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376219/selenium-for-preventing-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Marco Vinceti, Tommaso Filippini, Cinzia Del Giovane, Gabriele Dennert, Marcel Zwahlen, Maree Brinkman, Maurice Pa Zeegers, Markus Horneber, Roberto D'Amico, Catherine M Crespi
BACKGROUND: This review is the third update of the Cochrane review "Selenium for preventing cancer". Selenium is a naturally occurring element with both nutritional and toxicological properties. Higher selenium exposure and selenium supplements have been suggested to protect against several types of cancer. OBJECTIVES: To gather and present evidence needed to address two research questions:1. What is the aetiological relationship between selenium exposure and cancer risk in humans?2...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368309/are-we-treating-osteoporotic-fractures-of-the-hip-adequately-a-middle-eastern-cohort-study
#6
K Venugopal Menon, Huda Hamed Salim Al Harthy, Khalid Shafi Khalid Al Habsi, Hind Abdullah Hamed Al Ruzaiqi
Fragility hip fractures treated in a center in the Middle East were retrospectively studied for adequacy of osteoporosis management. Of the 318 patients treated, over 70% did not have a structured investigation and about 30% did not receive any therapeutic supplements. Our series showed a preventable 8.8% secondary fracture rate. PURPOSE: To study the adequacy of evaluation and treatment of osteoporosis after fragility fractures of the hip. The study also attempts to estimate the prevalence of secondary fractures after the original injury...
January 24, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317911/a-quality-assurance-investigation-of-clabsi-events-are-there-exceptions-to-never
#7
Samantha Strickler, Rohit R Gupta, John T Doucette, Roopa Kohli-Seth
Background: In the USA, central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs) have been designated as 'never events', prompting initiatives towards a 'zero CLABSIs' standard. We propose that there are cascading risk factors predisposing certain patient cohorts to higher CLABSIs rates. Methods: A retrospective review of all CLABSI infections over a 12-month period was undertaken. Risk factors examined included catheter type, insertion site and parenteral nutrition (PN) status...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314034/effect-of-drying-methods-microwave-vacuum-freeze-hot-air-and-sun-drying-on-physical-chemical-and-nutritional-attributes-of-five-pepper-capsicum-annuum-var-annuum-cultivars
#8
Vaibhav Kumar Maurya, Kodiveri Muthukaliannan Gothandam, Vijay Ranjan, Amita Shakya, Sunil Pareek
BACKGROUND: A randomized block design experiment was performed to investigate the influence of drying on the physical, chemical and nutritional quality attributes of five prominent cultivars of India under sun drying (SD) (mean temperature 35.5 o C, average daily radiation 5.26kWh/m-2 and mean relative humidity 73.66% RH), hot air drying (HD) at 65 °C, microwave-vacuum drying (MVD) (800W- 5KPa) and freeze drying (FD) (-50 °C, 5KPa). Water activity, pH, total phenolic content (TPC), ascorbic acid (AA), capsaicin, β-carotene, color, and Scoville heat unit were studied...
January 4, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301555/improving-partnerships-with-family-members-of-icu-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Daren K Heyland, Judy Davidson, Yoanna Skrobik, Amanda Roze des Ordons, Lauren J Van Scoy, Andrew G Day, Virginia Vandall-Walker, Andrea P Marshall
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, health care delivery has shifted to partnering with patients and their families to improve health and quality of care, and to lower costs. Partnering with family members (FMs) of critically ill patients who lack capacity is particularly important for improving experiences and outcomes for both patients and FMs. How best to apply such partnering strategies, however, is yet unknown. The IMPACT trial will evaluate two interventions that enable partnerships with families of critically ill patients, each in a distinct content area, but similar in that they empower and support FMs...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301293/assessment-of-nutritional-status-of-infants-living-in-arsenic-contaminated-areas-in-bangladesh-and-its-association-with-arsenic-exposure
#10
Abul Hasnat Milton, John Attia, Mohammad Alauddin, Mark McEvoy, Patrick McElduff, Sumaira Hussain, Ayesha Akhter, Shahnaz Akter, M Munirul Islam, A M Shamsir Ahmed, Vasu Iyengar, Md Rafiqul Islam
Data is scarce on early life exposure to arsenic and its association with malnutrition during infancy. This study followed the nutritional status of a cohort of 120 infants from birth to 9 months of age in an arsenic contaminated area in Bangladesh. Anthropometric data was collected at 3, 6 and 9 months of the infant's age for nutritional assessment whereas arsenic exposure level was assessed via tube well drinking water arsenic concentration at the initiation of the study. Weight and height measurements were converted to Z-scores of weight for age (WAZ-underweight), height for age (HAZ-stunting), weight for height (WHZ-wasting) for children by comparing with WHO growth standard...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260510/interventions-for-managing-taste-disturbances
#11
REVIEW
Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Renjith P George, Naresh Shetty, David Levenson, Debra M Ferraiolo, Ashish Shrestha
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is very much essential to the overall health of an individual. It is a necessary component to enjoy one's food, which in turn provides nutrition to an individual. Any disturbance in taste perception can hamper quality of life in such patients by influencing their appetite, body weight and psychological well-being. Taste disorders have been treated using different modalities of treatment and there is no consensus for the best intervention. Hence this Cochrane Review was undertaken...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258608/education-and-exercise-program-improves-osteoporosis-knowledge-and-changes-calcium-and-vitamin-d-dietary-intake-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#12
Ki-Soo Park, Jun-Il Yoo, Ha-Young Kim, Sunmee Jang, Yongsoon Park, Yong-Chan Ha
BACKGROUND: Several educational intervention programs have been designed and developed to improve osteoporosis diagnosis and treatment. However, most of the prior studies focused on how educational intervention programs affected diagnosis and treatment of condition of osteoporosis. The purpose of this prospective and educational intervention study was to evaluate the changes in osteoporosis knowledge, osteoporosis self-efficacy, fall self-efficacy, physical exercise and changes in dietary pattern of calcium and vitamin D intake after osteoporosis education...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246226/factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-koreans-aged-over-50-years-the-fourth-and-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#13
Kyoung Min Kwon, Jung Soo Lee, Na Eun Jeon, Yeo Hyung Kim
BACKGROUND: To evaluate and analyse the factors associated with health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in the Korean population aged 50 years and older. METHODS: We used data obtained from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV-V) 2007-2012, a national, cross-sectional health examination and survey, for which representative data on the health, nutritional status, and physical activities of the Korean general population are collected by the Korea Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC)...
December 16, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215807/utilization-of-osteoporosis-related-health-services-use-of-data-from-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database-2008-2012
#14
Tae Yang Yu, Hyemin Cho, Tae Young Kim, Yong Chan Ha, Sunmee Jang, Ha Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and its related fractures are increasingly being recognized as major health problems because of the rapidly increasing elderly population. In this study, we investigated the annual trend of osteoporosis-related health services utilization. METHODS: Participants aged over 50 years were identified from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database between 2008 and 2012. Health service utilization rate and treatment rate were calculated through the operational definition...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214323/economic-value-of-using-partially-hydrolysed-infant-formula-for-risk-reduction-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-high-risk-infants-not-exclusively-breastfed-in-singapore
#15
Marc F Botteman, Abhijeet J Bhanegaonkar, Erica G Horodniceanu, Xiang Ji, Bee Wah Lee, Lynette P Shek, Hugo Ps Van Bever, Patrick Detzel
INTRODUCTION: Previous trials have demonstrated reductions in atopic dermatitis (AD) incidence when healthy, high-risk, non-exclusively breastfed infants were fed until four months of age with 100% whey-based partially hydrolysed formula (PHF-W) versus standard cow's milk formula (CMF). We assessed this intervention's cost-effectiveness in Singapore. METHODS: Modelling techniques were used to simulate, from birth to Month 30, the incidence, and clinical and economic burden of AD in high-risk, non-exclusively breastfed infants fed with PHF-W or CMF for up to four months...
December 7, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198971/characteristics-of-feeding-tube-dependency-with-respect-to-food-aversive-behaviour-and-growth
#16
Markus Wilken, Peter Bartmann, Terence M Dovey, Soyhan Bagci
The use of feeding tubes in pediatric medical procedures and management has dramatically increased over the last three decades. With this increase, the prevalence of Feeding Tube Dependency (FTD) - a reliance on enteral feeding following medical recovery due to lack of oral intake of nutrition, despite being able to eat- has increased too. It has been suggested, that cases with FTD show avoidant feeding behaviours such as food refusal, gagging or swallowing resistance, but evidence for this hypothesis is scarce...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193468/perceptions-and-experiences-of-nutritional-care-following-the-overwhelming-experience-of-lower-extremity-amputation-a-qualitative-study
#17
P S Jensen, S M Green, J Petersen, O Andersen, I Poulsen
INTRODUCTION: Good nutritional care of people following major lower extremity amputation is essential as poor nutritional status can lead to delayed wound healing. Working with patients to identify their perspectives on food, views on nutritional care and the need for dietary counselling enables the development of optimised nutritional care. AIM: To explore hospital patients' perspectives on food, dietary counselling, and their experiences of nutritional care following lower extremity amputation...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187050/influence-of-dietitians-in-preventing-parenteral-nutrition-prescription-errors-in-children
#18
Millie Garg, Michael Swab, Declan Gibney, Jennifer Cohen, Nitin Gupta, Chee Y Ooi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine whether direct involvement by dietitians in parenteral nutrition (PN) ordering resulted in a reduction in PN prescriptions errors. METHODS: A prospective audit of PN prescriptions was undertaken at a pediatric hospital over 50 weeks. Prescriptions for PN that had dietitian involvement (dietitian group) were compared with prescriptions in which dietitians were not directly involved (nondietitian group). The number of total prescriptions, the number of prescriptions with errors, and the types of errors from both groups were recorded...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169273/evaluating-the-implementation-of-a-farmers-market-targeting-wic-fmnp-participants
#19
Lanae Ball, Amy McCauley, Tracey Paul, Kenneth Gruber, Lauren Haldeman, Jigna Dharod
The present study planned and implemented a new farmers' market (FM) at a WIC (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) clinic in North Carolina, of which WIC FM Nutrition Program (FMNP) participants were the main priority population. The purpose of this FM was to provide convenience and improve access to locally grown fresh fruits and vegetables in the community and to increase the FMNP coupon redemption rate. The main objective of this study was to describe the overall process and key strategies involved in implementing a FM at a WIC clinic...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168757/off-nadir-hyperspectral-sensing-for-estimation-of-vertical-profile-of-leaf-chlorophyll-content-within-wheat-canopies
#20
Weiping Kong, Wenjiang Huang, Raffaele Casa, Xianfeng Zhou, Huichun Ye, Yingying Dong
Monitoring the vertical profile of leaf chlorophyll (Chl) content within winter wheat canopies is of significant importance for revealing the real nutritional status of the crop. Information on the vertical profile of Chl content is not accessible to nadir-viewing remote or proximal sensing. Off-nadir or multi-angle sensing would provide effective means to detect leaf Chl content in different vertical layers. However, adequate information on the selection of sensitive spectral bands and spectral index formulas for vertical leaf Chl content estimation is not yet available...
November 23, 2017: Sensors
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