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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016586/preference-of-food-items-and-physical-activity-of-peri-urban-children-in-bhaktapur
#1
Abhinav Vaidya, Natalia Oli, Alexandra Krettek, Gabriele Eiben
BACKGROUND: Though cardiovascular diseases are mostly seen in adulthood, the foundation of diet and physical activity is largely formed during childhood. The study aimed to explore children's preference for diet and physical activity in a peri-urban area of Nepal because this is an important dimension to explore in the life-course approach to combat non-communicable diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to enquire young peri-urban children of Duwakot and Jhaukhel villages of Bhaktapur district, Nepal on their preferences for diet and physical activity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994167/optimization-and-physicochemical-properties-of-nutritional-protein-isolate-from-pork-liver-with-ultrasound-assisted-alkaline-extraction
#2
Ye Zou, Huan Bian, Pengpeng Li, Zhilan Sun, Chong Sun, Muhan Zhang, Zhiming Geng, Weimin Xu, Daoying Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal conditions of ultrasound-assisted alkaline extraction (UAAE) on pork liver protein isolate (UPLPI) and its physico-chemical properties. Response surface methodology was used to determine the optimal conditions for UAAE, which were at ultrasonic power 265 W, ultrasonic time 42 min, NaOH concentration 0.80%, temperature 50°C, and solvent/raw material ratio 70. The extraction yield and efficiency of UPLPI were significantly improved over the conventional alkaline extraction (PLPI)...
October 10, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976064/benefits-and-extent-of-cam-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-attending-an-antiretroviral-therapy-clinic-in-warri-nigeria
#3
Ufuoma S Ahwinahwi, Valentine U Odili, Jeremiah Ogubere
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies among patients on anti-retroviral therapies as well as the possible reasons for their use. METHOD: This cross-sectional survey was conducted with the aid of an interviewer-administered questionnaire on HIV-positive patients attending the antiretroviral therapy clinic (Heart-to-Heart centre) of the Central Hospital, Warri, Nigeria. Patients who were 18 years and over were included after a brief introductory talk on the nature of the study...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972245/multi-domains-lifestyle-interventions-reduces-depressive-symptoms-among-frail-and-pre-frail-older-persons-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
T P Ng, M S Z Nyunt, L Feng, L Feng, M Niti, B Y Tan, G Chan, S A Khoo, S M Chan, P Yap, K B Yap
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of multi-domain lifestyle (physical, nutritional, cognitive) interventions among frail and pre-frail community-living older persons on reducing depressive symptoms. METHOD: Participants aged 65 and above were randomly allocated to 24 weeks duration interventions with nutritional supplementation (N=49), physical training (N=48), cognitive training (N=50), combination intervention (N=49) and usual care control (N=50). Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) at baseline (0M), 3 month (3M), 6 month (6M) and 12 month (12M)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956273/tube-feed-necrosis-after-major-gastrointestinal-oncologic-surgery-institutional-lessons-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
S A Sethuraman, V K Dhar, D A Habib, J E Sussman, S A Ahmad, S A Shah, B J Tsuei, J J Sussman, Daniel E Abbott
BACKGROUND: Small bowel necrosis after enteral feeding through a jejunostomy tube (tube feed necrosis, TFN) is a rare, serious complication of major abdominal surgery. However, strategies to reduce the incidence and morbidity of TFN are not well established. Here, in the largest series of TFN presented to date, we report our institutional experience and a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS: Eight patients who experienced TFN from 2000 to 2014 after major abdominal surgery for oncologic indications at the University of Cincinnati were reviewed...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945919/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Kate M O'Brien, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Nicole K Nathan, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase Classic and Embase to identify eligible trials on 30 September 2016...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918445/pre-emptive-intestinal-transplant-the-surgeon-s-point-of-view
#7
REVIEW
Augusto Lauro, Ignazio R Marino, Kishore R Iyer
Pre-emptive transplantation is a well-established practice for certain types of end-organ failure such as in the use of kidney transplantation. For irreversible intestinal failure, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) remains the gold standard, due to the suboptimal long-term results of intestinal transplantation. As such, the only role for pre-emptive transplantation, if at all, will be for patients identified to be at high risk of complications and mortality while on definitive long-term TPN. In these patients, the timing of early listing and transplantation could become life-saving, taking into account that mortality on the waiting list is still the highest for intestinal candidates...
September 16, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917225/appropriate-nutritional-management-in-patients-with-impaired-mastication-and-those-with-mild-dysphagia-a-multicenter-study-of-the-usefulness-of-novel-foods-processed-and-softened-by-enzymes
#8
Takashi Higashiguchi, Akihiro Ito, Hirofumi Nishiyama, Takashi Shigematsu, Atsuko Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Kato, Shohei Iijima, Nobuyuki Kikuchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the safety of iEAT (a food that is softened by heat and enzyme homogeneous permeation) and iEAT-affected nutrition parameters, e.g., nutrition intake (calculated from the consumption rate in patients with impaired mastication and those with mild dysphagia). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, randomized, cross-over study of iEAT was conducted in 50 patients (mean age 77.0±11.0 years) with dysphagia due to Occasional aspiration (4 points on the Dysphagia Severity Scale [DSS]) or Oral problems (5 points) randomly assigned to the study diet (iEAT) or its opposite (the modified traditional [control] diet) for 1 week and then switched for 1 week to the opposing diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893410/an-artificial-neural-network-to-predict-resting-energy-expenditure-in-obesity
#9
Emmanuel Disse, Séverine Ledoux, Cécile Bétry, Cyrielle Caussy, Christine Maitrepierre, Muriel Coupaye, Martine Laville, Chantal Simon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The resting energy expenditure (REE) determination is important in nutrition for adequate dietary prescription. The gold standard i.e. indirect calorimetry is not available in clinical settings. Thus, several predictive equations have been developed, but they lack of accuracy in subjects with extreme weight including obese populations. Artificial neural networks (ANN) are useful predictive tools in the area of artificial intelligence, used in numerous clinical fields...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886964/prevalence-and-trends-in-lifetime-obesity-in-the-u-s-1988-2014
#10
Andrew Stokes, Yu Ni, Samuel H Preston
INTRODUCTION: Estimates of obesity prevalence based on current BMI are an important but incomplete indicator of the total effects of obesity on a population. METHODS: In this study, data on current BMI and maximum BMI were used to estimate prevalence and trends in lifetime obesity status, defined using the categories never (maximum BMI ≤30 kg/m(2)), former (maximum BMI ≥30 kg/m(2) and current BMI ≤30 kg/m(2)), and current obesity (current BMI ≥30 kg/m(2))...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871527/rapid-eating-is-linked-to-emotional-eating-in-obese-women-relieving-from-bariatric-surgery
#11
Claire-Charlotte Canterini, Isabelle Gaubil-Kaladjian, Séverine Vatin, Amélie Viard, Aurore Wolak-Thierry, Eric Bertin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Eating rate is associated with BMI and weight gain in various populations and is a factor modulating the risk of complications after bariatric surgery. The aim of the present study is to determine whether common difficulties to change eating rate in subjects with obesity candidate to bariatric surgery could be due to more extensive abnormalities in eating behaviour. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 116 consecutive female patients attending a nutrition consultation for obesity in a specialized centre in France...
September 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864141/who-uses-a-midwife-for-prenatal-care-and-for-birth-in-the-united-states-a-secondary-analysis-of-listening-to-mothers-iii
#12
Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Maria F Gallo, Mark Klebanoff, Abigail Shoben, Alison H Norris
BACKGROUND: Although midwife care is slowly but consistently increasing in the United States, not much is known regarding women who use a midwife. Our objectives were to compare the sociodemographic and health history characteristics, and the quality of patient-provider communication, between women who used a midwife and those who used a physician for prenatal care and/or birth. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the nationally representative Listening to Mothers III survey...
August 29, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805177/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-safety-and-acceptability-of-a-fish-protein-isolate-in-the-nutrition-of-children-under-36-months-of-age
#13
Theresa J Ochoa, Nelly Baiocchi, Gladys Valdiviezo, Vanessa Bullon, Miguel Campos, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a fish protein isolate (FPi), administered over 6 months, on the growth of children aged 6-36 months, measured by Z-scores of height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-height (WHZ), compared with the standard meal without FPi; and to determine the safety and acceptability of FPi daily consumption. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized community-based controlled trial. For 6 months, the centres received either FPi replacing 50 % of total proteins in the diet or standard protein...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803550/palliative-end-ileostomy-and-gastrojejunostomy-for-a-metastatic-distal-transverse-colonic-malignancy-complicated-by-a-proximal-duodenocolic-fistula-a-case-report
#14
Gnanaselvam Pamathy, Umesh Jayarajah, Yapa Hamillage Hemantha Gunathilaka, Sivasuriya Sivaganesh
BACKGROUND: Fistulae between the colon and upper gastrointestinal tract are distressing and uncommon complications of malignancies involving this region. We report a case of a middle-aged man with a locally advanced and metastatic distal transverse colon malignancy who presented with a duodenocolic fistula proximal to the primary tumor and underwent palliative surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old Sri Lankan man presented to our hospital with a history of feculent vomiting of 1 week's duration preceded by worsening constipation and abdominal fullness of 2 months' duration...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798151/socioeconomic-differences-in-children-s-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-evidence-from-four-european-countries
#15
Cathal McCrory, Neil O'Leary, Silvia Fraga, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Henrique Barros, Noora Kartiosuo, Olli Raitakari, Mika Kivimäki, Paolo Vineis, Richard Layte
BACKGROUND: Height is regarded as a marker of early-life illness, adversity, nutrition and psychosocial stress, but the extent to which differences in height are determined by early-life socioeconomic circumstances, particularly in contemporary populations, is unclear. This study examined socioeconomic differences in children's height trajectories from birth through to 21 years of age in four European countries. METHODS: Data were from six prospective cohort studies-Generation XXI, Growing Up in Ireland (infant and child cohorts), Millennium Cohort Study, EPITeen and Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study-comprising a total of 49 492 children with growth measured repeatedly from 1980 to 2014...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794802/healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-adult-clinic-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Steven S Coughlin, Christos Hatzigeorgiou, Judith Anglin, Ding Xie, Gina M Besenyi, Gianluca De Leo, Jessica Stewart, Thad Wilkins
BACKGROUND: Diet and exercise therapy have been reported to be effective in improving blood glucose control and are an important part of treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to examine the efficacy of a healthy lifestyle intervention for adult clinic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, as measured by Hgb-A1c, cardiovascular indicators, physical activity, weight, and BMI. Also of interest are optimal strategies for subject recruitment, the number of intervention sessions attended, and participant use of the Fitbit watch to monitor their physical activity and track food and beverage consumption...
2017: Diabetes Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771622/effectiveness-of-enteral-feeding-protocol-on-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-a-before-and-after-study
#17
Qian Li, Zhongheng Zhang, Bo Xie, Xiaowei Ji, Jiahong Lu, Ronglin Jiang, Shu Lei, Shihao Mao, Lijun Ying, Di Lu, Xiaoshui Si, Mingxia Ji, Jianxing He, Mengyan Chen, Wenjuan Zheng, Jiao Wang, Jing Huang, Junfeng Wang, Yaling Ji, Guodong Chen, Jianhua Zhu, Yadi Shao, Ronghai Lin, Chao Zhang, Weiwen Zhang, Jian Luo, Tianzheng Lou, Xuwei He, Kun Chen, Wei Peng, Renhua Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Enteral nutrition (EN) feeding protocol was proposed to have positive impact on critically ill patients. However, current studies showed conflicting results. The present study aimed to investigate whether enteral feeding protocol was able to improve clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. METHODS: A before (stage 1) and after (stage 2) interventional study was performed in 10 tertiary care hospitals. All patients expected to stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) for over three days were potentially eligible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770124/omphalocele-and-gastroschisis-in-newborns-over-16-years-of-experience-from-a-single-clinic
#18
Shunusuke Watanabe, Tatuya Suzuki, Fujio Hara, Toshihiro Yasui, Naoko Uga, Atuki Naoe
Infants born with potentially life-threatening conditions of omphalocele and gastroschisis may require long-term hospitalization. We aimed to compare the outcomes of these two conditions occurring over a 16-year period (2001-16). It is a retrospective study of 19 newborns undergoing surgery for these two abdominal wall defects (8 patients with omphalocele and 11 cases of gastroschisis). The average birth weights for the newborns with omphaloceles and gastroschisis were 2554.5 g and 2248.6 g respectively. Associated anomalies included trisomy 18, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, congenital heart disease, Meckel's diverticulum, inguinal hernias, renal deformities, limb deformities, cryptorchidism, body stalk anomalies, and closed gastroschisis...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751532/attempted-suicide-among-adolescents-in-mexico-prevalence-and-associated-factors-at-the-national-level
#19
Rosario Valdez-Santiago, Elisa Hidalgo Solórzano, Mariana Mojarro Iñiguez, Leticia Ávila Burgos, Hugo Gómez Hernández, Ángela Martínez González
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated factors of attempted suicide (AS) in a sample of Mexican adolescents between 10 and 19 years of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012 by its initials in Spanish). Based on multi-stage stratified probability sampling, ENSANUT 2012 canvassed 50 528 households including 21 519 adolescents. A logistic regression model was used to identify the factors associated with AS...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741752/what-does-it-cost-to-feed-aged-care-residents-in-australia
#20
Cherie Hugo, Elisabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal
AIM: Funding cuts to the aged care industry impact catering budgets and aged care staffing levels, which may in turn affect the nutritional status of aged care residents. This paper reports average food expenditure and trends in Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs). METHODS: This is a retrospective study collecting RACFs' economic outlay data through a quarterly online survey conducted over the 2015 and 2016 financial years. RESULTS: Data were compiled from 817 RACFs, representing 64 256 residential beds and 23 million bed-days Australia-wide...
July 25, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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