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Nutrition for over 50

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215807/utilization-of-osteoporosis-related-health-services-use-of-data-from-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database-2008-2012
#1
Tae Yang Yu, Hyemin Cho, Tae Young Kim, Yong Chan Ha, Sunmee Jang, Ha Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and its related fractures are increasingly being recognized as major health problems because of the rapidly increasing elderly population. In this study, we investigated the annual trend of osteoporosis-related health services utilization. METHODS: Participants aged over 50 years were identified from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database between 2008 and 2012. Health service utilization rate and treatment rate were calculated through the operational definition...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214323/economic-value-of-using-partially-hydrolysed-infant-formula-for-risk-reduction-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-high-risk-infants-not-exclusively-breastfed-in-singapore
#2
Marc F Botteman, Abhijeet J Bhanegaonkar, Erica G Horodniceanu, Xiang Ji, Bee Wah Lee, Lynette P Shek, Hugo Ps Van Bever, Patrick Detzel
INTRODUCTION: Previous trials have demonstrated reductions in atopic dermatitis (AD) incidence when healthy, high-risk, non-exclusively breastfed infants were fed until four months of age with 100% whey-based partially hydrolysed formula (PHF-W) versus standard cow's milk formula (CMF). We assessed this intervention's cost-effectiveness in Singapore. METHODS: Modelling techniques were used to simulate, from birth to Month 30, the incidence, and clinical and economic burden of AD in high-risk, non-exclusively breastfed infants fed with PHF-W or CMF for up to four months...
December 7, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198971/characteristics-of-feeding-tube-dependency-with-respect-to-food-aversive-behaviour-and-growth
#3
Markus Wilken, Peter Bartmann, Terence M Dovey, Soyhan Bagci
The use of feeding tubes in pediatric medical procedures and management has dramatically increased over the last three decades. With this increase, the prevalence of Feeding Tube Dependency (FTD) - a reliance on enteral feeding following medical recovery due to lack of oral intake of nutrition, despite being able to eat- has increased too. It has been suggested, that cases with FTD show avoidant feeding behaviours such as food refusal, gagging or swallowing resistance, but evidence for this hypothesis is scarce...
November 30, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193468/perceptions-and-experiences-of-nutritional-care-following-the-overwhelming-experience-of-lower-extremity-amputation-a-qualitative-study
#4
P S Jensen, S M Green, J Petersen, O Andersen, I Poulsen
INTRODUCTION: Good nutritional care of people following major lower extremity amputation is essential as poor nutritional status can lead to delayed wound healing. Working with patients to identify their perspectives on food, views on nutritional care and the need for dietary counselling enables the development of optimised nutritional care. AIM: To explore hospital patients' perspectives on food, dietary counselling, and their experiences of nutritional care following lower extremity amputation...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187050/influence-of-dietitians-in-preventing-parenteral-nutrition-prescription-errors-in-children
#5
Millie Garg, Michael Swab, Declan Gibney, Jennifer Cohen, Nitin Gupta, Chee Y Ooi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine whether direct involvement by dietitians in parenteral nutrition (PN) ordering resulted in a reduction in PN prescriptions errors. METHODS: A prospective audit of PN prescriptions was undertaken at a pediatric hospital over 50 weeks. Prescriptions for PN that had dietitian involvement (dietitian group) were compared with prescriptions in which dietitians were not directly involved (nondietitian group). The number of total prescriptions, the number of prescriptions with errors, and the types of errors from both groups were recorded...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169273/evaluating-the-implementation-of-a-farmers-market-targeting-wic-fmnp-participants
#6
Lanae Ball, Amy McCauley, Tracey Paul, Kenneth Gruber, Lauren Haldeman, Jigna Dharod
The present study planned and implemented a new farmers' market (FM) at a WIC (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) clinic in North Carolina, of which WIC FM Nutrition Program (FMNP) participants were the main priority population. The purpose of this FM was to provide convenience and improve access to locally grown fresh fruits and vegetables in the community and to increase the FMNP coupon redemption rate. The main objective of this study was to describe the overall process and key strategies involved in implementing a FM at a WIC clinic...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168757/off-nadir-hyperspectral-sensing-for-estimation-of-vertical-profile-of-leaf-chlorophyll-content-within-wheat-canopies
#7
Weiping Kong, Wenjiang Huang, Raffaele Casa, Xianfeng Zhou, Huichun Ye, Yingying Dong
Monitoring the vertical profile of leaf chlorophyll (Chl) content within winter wheat canopies is of significant importance for revealing the real nutritional status of the crop. Information on the vertical profile of Chl content is not accessible to nadir-viewing remote or proximal sensing. Off-nadir or multi-angle sensing would provide effective means to detect leaf Chl content in different vertical layers. However, adequate information on the selection of sensitive spectral bands and spectral index formulas for vertical leaf Chl content estimation is not yet available...
November 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158766/local-food-based-complementary-feeding-for-the-nutritional-status-of-children-ages-6-36-months-in-rural-areas-of-indonesia
#8
Tantut Susanto, Syahrul, Lantin Sulistyorini, Rondhianto, Alfi Yudisianto
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate a pilot project of the Nursing Feeding Center "Posyandu Plus" (NFCPP) through local food-based complementary feeding (LFCF) program designed to improve the nutritional status of children aged 6-36 months at community health centers in Indonesia. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used to obtain data regarding the nutritional status of 109 children who participated in the project from 6 rural areas. The NFCPP was conducted for 9 weeks, comprising 2 weeks of preintervention, 6 weeks of intervention, and one week of postintervention...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155682/hypertension-prevalence-and-control-among-adults-united-states-2015-2016
#9
Cheryl D Fryar, Yechiam Ostchega, Craig M Hales, Guangyu Zhang, Deanna Kruszon-Moran
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2015-2016, the prevalence of hypertension was 29.0% and increased with age: age group 18-39, 7.5%; 40-59, 33.2%; and 60 and over, 63.1%. ● Hypertension prevalence was higher among non-Hispanic black (40.3%) than non-Hispanic white (27.8%), non-Hispanic Asian (25.0%), or Hispanic (27.8%) adults. ● Prevalence of controlled hypertension was 48.3% and increased with age for men but not women. ● Hypertension control was higher among non-Hispanic white (50...
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151829/validation-of-poiba-how-do-we-eat-questionnaire-in-9-10-years-old-schoolchildren
#10
Carles Ariza, Teresa Arechavala, Sara Valmayor, Gemma Serral, Albert Moncada, Luis Rajmil, Anna Schiaffino, Francesca Sánchez-Martínez
Background: It is difficult to obtain good food reports with Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) among children. In addition, validated questionnaires are scarce. Objective: The aim of this study was to validate the 'POIBA-How do we eat?' (POIBA-HDWE) FFQ and whether it could be administered to children under 10 years of age. Design: We validated the FFQ POIBA-HDWE as part of the Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (POIBA project) in Barcelona. Forty-two out of 63 primary school students (9-10 years old) answered three questionnaires: FFQ POBA-HDWE; another questionnaire, 'POIBA-How do our children eat?' (POIBA-HDOCE), which was administered to the children's parents; and the 24-h recall computer program 'Young Adolescents' Nutrition Assessment on Computer' (YANA-C), which was used on three different days as a gold standard...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146139/how-to-prevent-renal-cachexia-a-clinical-randomized-pilot-study-testing-oral-supplemental-nutrition-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#11
Michael Zilles, Christoph Betz, Oliver Jung, Stefan Gauer, Renate Hammerstingl, Astrid Wächtershäuser, Thomas J Vogl, Helmut Geiger, Aida Asbe-Vollkopf, Rainer U Pliquett
OBJECTIVE: End-stage renal disease associates with catabolism and sarcopenia. Hypothetically, peroral supplemental nutrition over 6 months prevents catabolism in hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: Prospective randomized pilot study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00687050). SUBJECTS: Twenty-three hemodialysis patients (15 males and 7 females) with or without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of 2 ambulatory hemodialysis centers...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108061/genetic-correlations-between-wool-traits-and-meat-quality-traits-in-merino-sheep
#12
S I Mortimer, S Hatcher, N M Fogarty, J H J van der Werf, D J Brown, A A Swan, R H Jacob, G H Geesink, D L Hopkins, J E Hocking Edwards, E N Ponnampalam, R D Warner, K L Pearce, D W Pethick
Genetic correlations between 29 wool production and quality traits and 25 meat quality and nutritional value traits were estimated for Merino sheep from an Information Nucleus (IN). Genetic correlations among the meat quality and nutritional value traits are also reported. The IN comprised 8 flocks linked genetically and managed across a range of sheep production environments in Australia. The wool traits included over 5,000 yearling and 3,700 adult records for fleece weight, fiber diameter, staple length, staple strength, fiber diameter variation, scoured wool color, and visual scores for breech and body wrinkle...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103704/characterization-of-linoleic-acid-c18-2-concentration-in-commercial-corn-silage-and-grain-hybrids
#13
M Baldin, Y Ying, Y Fan, G Roth, D P Casper, K J Harvatine
Corn silage and high-moisture corn grain are commonly recognized as risk factors for biohydrogenation-induced milk fat depression and may be due to the high concentration of linoleic acid (C18:2) in corn. Corn silage and corn grain have a low concentration of fatty acids (FA), but due to their high inclusion rate in diets they contribute substantially to unsaturated FA intake. The first objective of this study was to characterize the contribution of individual plant parts to total FA in whole-plant chopped corn...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103419/marker-based-standardization-and-investigation-of-nutraceutical-potential-of-indian-propolis
#14
Nanaware Sadhana, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Kakasaheb Ramoo Mahadik
OBJECTIVE: Propolis, a resinous material collected by honey bees from various plants, has been explored globally for its medicinal and nutritional properties. However, research over Indian propolis is at infancy. This study was designed to investigate nutraceutical potential of Indian propolis. METHODS: In the present study, propolis extract was standardized with respect to markers caffeic acid phenethyl ester, caffeic acid, galangin, luteolin, curcumin, apigenin, pinocembrin and quercetin by new high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) methods...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095007/-influence-of-habitual-chocolate-consumption-over-the-mini-mental-state-examination-in-spanish-older-adults
#15
Edilbeto Orozco Arbelaez, José Ramón Banegas, Fernando Rodríguez Artalejo, Esther López García
BACKGROUND: There are associations described between dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and foods with a high content of polyphenols. OBJECTIVE: To assess the infl uence of habitual chocolate consumption over the MMSE in Spanish older adults. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study, using data of the follow-up of the Seniors-Study on Nutrition and Cardiovascular Risk in Spain (ENRICA) cohort. Habitual chocolate consumption in the last year was assessed with a computerized dietary history; differences between dark chocolate and milk chocolate were recorded...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016586/preference-of-food-items-and-physical-activity-of-peri-urban-children-in-bhaktapur
#16
Abhinav Vaidya, Natalia Oli, Alexandra Krettek, Gabriele Eiben
BACKGROUND: Though cardiovascular diseases are mostly seen in adulthood, the foundation of diet and physical activity is largely formed during childhood. The study aimed to explore children's preference for diet and physical activity in a peri-urban area of Nepal because this is an important dimension to explore in the life-course approach to combat non-communicable diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to enquire young peri-urban children of Duwakot and Jhaukhel villages of Bhaktapur district, Nepal on their preferences for diet and physical activity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994167/optimization-and-physicochemical-properties-of-nutritional-protein-isolate-from-pork-liver-with-ultrasound-assisted-alkaline-extraction
#17
Ye Zou, Huan Bian, Pengpeng Li, Zhilan Sun, Chong Sun, Muhan Zhang, Zhiming Geng, Weimin Xu, Daoying Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal conditions of ultrasound-assisted alkaline extraction (UAAE) on pork liver protein isolate (UPLPI) and its physico-chemical properties. Response surface methodology was used to determine the optimal conditions for UAAE, which were at ultrasonic power 265 W, ultrasonic time 42 min, NaOH concentration 0.80%, temperature 50°C, and solvent/raw material ratio 70. The extraction yield and efficiency of UPLPI were significantly improved over the conventional alkaline extraction (PLPI)...
October 10, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976064/benefits-and-extent-of-cam-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-attending-an-antiretroviral-therapy-clinic-in-warri-nigeria
#18
Ufuoma S Ahwinahwi, Valentine U Odili, Jeremiah Ogubere
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies among patients on anti-retroviral therapies as well as the possible reasons for their use. METHOD: This cross-sectional survey was conducted with the aid of an interviewer-administered questionnaire on HIV-positive patients attending the antiretroviral therapy clinic (Heart-to-Heart centre) of the Central Hospital, Warri, Nigeria. Patients who were 18 years and over were included after a brief introductory talk on the nature of the study...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972245/multi-domains-lifestyle-interventions-reduces-depressive-symptoms-among-frail-and-pre-frail-older-persons-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
T P Ng, M S Z Nyunt, L Feng, L Feng, M Niti, B Y Tan, G Chan, S A Khoo, S M Chan, P Yap, K B Yap
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of multi-domain lifestyle (physical, nutritional, cognitive) interventions among frail and pre-frail community-living older persons on reducing depressive symptoms. METHOD: Participants aged 65 and above were randomly allocated to 24 weeks duration interventions with nutritional supplementation (N=49), physical training (N=48), cognitive training (N=50), combination intervention (N=49) and usual care control (N=50). Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) at baseline (0M), 3 month (3M), 6 month (6M) and 12 month (12M)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956273/tube-feed-necrosis-after-major-gastrointestinal-oncologic-surgery-institutional-lessons-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
S A Sethuraman, V K Dhar, D A Habib, J E Sussman, S A Ahmad, S A Shah, B J Tsuei, J J Sussman, Daniel E Abbott
BACKGROUND: Small bowel necrosis after enteral feeding through a jejunostomy tube (tube feed necrosis, TFN) is a rare, serious complication of major abdominal surgery. However, strategies to reduce the incidence and morbidity of TFN are not well established. Here, in the largest series of TFN presented to date, we report our institutional experience and a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS: Eight patients who experienced TFN from 2000 to 2014 after major abdominal surgery for oncologic indications at the University of Cincinnati were reviewed...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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