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Nutrition for over 50

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625107/associations-between-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-25-oh-d-and-psychological-distress-among-inuit-in-canada
#1
Hans-Ragnar Skogli, Dominique Geoffroy, Hope A Weiler, Grethe S Tell, Laurence J Kirmayer, Grace M Egeland
BACKGROUND: Inuit in Canada have experienced dietary changes over recent generations, but how this relates to psychological distress has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how nutritional biomarkers are related to psychological distress. DESIGN: A total of 36 communities in northern Canada participated in the International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey (2007-2008). Of 2796 households, 1901 (68%) participated; 1699 Inuit adults gave blood samples for biomarker analysis and answered the Kessler 6-item psychological distress questionnaire (K6)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609534/effect-of-low-dose-ferrous-sulfate-vs-iron-polysaccharide-complex-on-hemoglobin-concentration-in-young-children-with-nutritional-iron-deficiency-anemia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Jacquelyn M Powers, George R Buchanan, Leah Adix, Song Zhang, Ang Gao, Timothy L McCavit
Importance: Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) affects millions of persons worldwide, and is associated with impaired neurodevelopment in infants and children. Ferrous sulfate is the most commonly prescribed oral iron despite iron polysaccharide complex possibly being better tolerated. Objective: To compare the effect of ferrous sulfate with iron polysaccharide complex on hemoglobin concentration in infants and children with nutritional IDA. Design, Setting, and Participants: Double-blind, superiority randomized clinical trial of infants and children aged 9 to 48 months with nutritional IDA (assessed by history and laboratory criteria) that was conducted in an outpatient hematology clinic at a US tertiary care hospital from September 2013 through November 2015; 12-week follow-up ended in January 2016...
June 13, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579671/losses-inefficiencies-and-waste-in-the-global-food-system
#3
Peter Alexander, Calum Brown, Almut Arneth, John Finnigan, Dominic Moran, Mark D A Rounsevell
Losses at every stage in the food system influence the extent to which nutritional requirements of a growing global population can be sustainably met. Inefficiencies and losses in agricultural production and consumer behaviour all play a role. This paper aims to understand better the magnitude of different losses and to provide insights into how these influence overall food system efficiency. We take a systems view from primary production of agricultural biomass through to human food requirements and consumption...
May 2017: Agricultural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562701/role-of-primary-health-care-in-child-hospitalization-due-to-pneumonia-a-case-control-study
#4
Juliana Coelho Pina, Suzana Alves de Moraes, Isabel Cristina Martins de Freitas, Débora Falleiros de Mello
Objective: to evaluate the association of primary health care and other potential factors in relation to hospitalization due to pneumonia, among children aged under five years. Method: epidemiological study with a case-control, hospital-based design, which included 345 cases and 345 controls, matched according to gender, age and hospital. Data were collected using a pre-coded questionnaire and the Primary Care Assessment Tool, analyzed by means of multivariate logistic regression, following the assumptions of a hierarchical approach...
May 22, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559455/association-between-childcare-educators-practices-and-preschoolers-physical-activity-and-dietary-intake-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
Stéphanie Ward, Mathieu Blanger, Denise Donovan, Hassan Vatanparast, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer, Anne Leis, M Louise Humbert, Natalie Carrier
INTRODUCTION: Childcare educators may be role models for healthy eating and physical activity (PA) behaviours among young children. This study aimed to identify which childcare educators' practices are associated with preschoolers' dietary intake and PA levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 723 preschoolers from 50 randomly selected childcare centres in two Canadian provinces. All data were collected in the fall of 2013 and 2014 and analysed in the fall of 2015...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556565/demonstration-of-the-utility-of-biomarkers-for-dietary-intake-assessment-proline-betaine-as-an-example
#6
Helena Gibbons, Charlotte J R Michielsen, Milena Rundle, Gary Frost, Breige A McNulty, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Michael J Gibney, Lorraine Brennan
SCOPE: There is a dearth of studies demonstrating the use of dietary biomarkers for determination of food intake. The objective of this study was to develop calibration curves for use in quantifying citrus intakes in an independent cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants (n = 50) from the NutriTech food-intake study consumed standardized breakfasts for three consecutive days over three consecutive weeks. Orange juice intake decreased over the weeks. Urine samples were analyzed by NMR-spectroscopy and proline betaine was quantified and normalized to osmolality...
May 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538259/cardiometabolic-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-patterns-in-us-youth
#7
Gabrielle P Jenkins, Kelly R Evenson, Amy H Herring, Derek Hales, June Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Daily or weekly averages of physical activity and sedentary behavior could mask patterns of behavior throughout the week that independently impact cardiovascular health. We examined associations between day-to-day physical activity and sedentary behavior latent classes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in US youth. METHODS: Data were from 3,984 youth ages 6-17y from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2006) and from previously published accelerometry latent classes characterizing average counts/minute and percent of wear time in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior...
May 20, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531094/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-exercise-and-nutrition-program-for-older-adults-texercise-select
#8
Olufolake Odufuwa Akanni, Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G Ory
The wide-spread dissemination of evidence-based programs that can improve health outcomes among older populations often requires an understanding of factors influencing community adoption of such programs. One such program is Texercise Select, a community-based health promotion program previously shown to improve functional health, physical activity, nutritional habits and quality of the life among older adults. This paper assesses the cost-effectiveness of Texercise Select in the context of supportive environments to facilitate its delivery and statewide sustainability...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#9
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520779/church-attendance-allostatic-load-and-mortality-in-middle-aged-adults
#10
Marino A Bruce, David Martins, Kenrik Duru, Bettina M Beech, Mario Sims, Nina Harawa, Roberto Vargas, Dulcie Kermah, Susanne B Nicholas, Arleen Brown, Keith C Norris
IMPORTANCE: Religiosity has been associated with positive health outcomes. Hypothesized pathways for this association include religious practices, such as church attendance, that result in reduced stress. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity (church attendance), allostatic load (AL) (a physiologic measure of stress) and all-cause mortality in middle-aged adults. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data for this study are from NHANES III (1988-1994)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462737/comparison-of-food-consumption-in-indian-adults-between-national-and-sub-national-dietary-data-sources
#11
Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Mehroosh Tak, Rosemary Green, Sanjay Kinra, Andy Haines
Accurate data on dietary intake are important for public health, nutrition and agricultural policy. The National Sample Survey is widely used by policymakers in India to estimate nutritional outcomes in the country, but has not been compared with other dietary data sources. To assess relative differences across available Indian dietary data sources, we compare intake of food groups across six national and sub-national surveys between 2004 and 2012, representing various dietary intake estimation methodologies, including Household Consumption Expenditure Surveys (HCES), FFQ, food balance sheets (FBS), and 24-h recall (24HR) surveys...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459415/frax-based-estimates-of-10-year-probability-of-hip-and-major-osteoporotic-fracture-among-adults-aged-40-and-over-united-states-2013-and-2014
#12
Anne C Looker, Neda Sarafrazi Isfahani, Bo Fan, John A Shepherd
BACKGROUND: The FRAX algorithm estimates the 10-year probability of hip and major osteoporotic (clinical spine, forearm, hip, or humerus) fracture for adults aged 40 and over. An expert panel developed criteria to define elevated FRAX probabilities for U.S. adults aged 50 and over. This report uses FRAX estimates from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014 to describe the hip and major osteoporotic fracture probability distribution (for adults aged 40 and over) and prevalence of elevated probabilities (for adults aged 50 and over) in the United States...
March 2017: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459393/physical-and-emotional-well-being-and-support-in-newly-diagnosed-head-and-neck-cancer-patient-caregiver-dyads
#13
Katherine R Sterba, Jane Zapka, Kent E Armeson, Keisuke Shirai, Amy Buchanan, Terry A Day, Anthony J Alberg
The purpose of this study was to examine the physical and emotional well-being and social support in newly diagnosed head and neck cancer (HNC) patients and caregivers and identify sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral risk factors associated with compromised well-being in patients and caregivers. Newly diagnosed HNC patients and their primary caregivers (N = 72 dyads) completed questionnaires before treatment assessing physical and mental well-being, depression, cancer worry, and open-ended support questions...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458722/the-calcium-and-vitamin-d-controversy
#14
REVIEW
Bo Abrahamsen
Areas of the world where vitamin D levels are low for months of the year and intakes of calcium are high have a high prevalence of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease. This suggests a public health message of avoiding calcium supplements and increasing vitamin D intake. No message could be more welcome as vitamin D can be given as a bolus while calcium must be taken daily and may be poorly tolerated. This approach is based on no evidence from intervention studies. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggest that vitamin D given with calcium elicits a small reduction in fracture risk and deaths...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443698/impact-of-maternal-nutritional-supplementation-in-conjunction-with-a-breastfeeding-support-program-on-breastfeeding-performance-birth-and-growth-outcomes-in-a-vietnamese-population
#15
Dieu T T Huynh, Nga T Tran, Lam T Nguyen, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal nutritional supplementation (MNS) in conjunction with a breastfeeding support program on birth outcomes and breastfeeding performance. METHODS: A total of 228 singleton Vietnamese mothers aged 20 to 35 years at 26 to 29 weeks of gestation with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) <25.0 kg/m(2) were randomized to the intervention (n = 114), receiving MNS (252 kcal/day) daily up to 12 weeks postpartum and 4 breastfeeding education and support sessions or to the control (n = 114), receiving standards of care...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438157/age-period-and-cohort-effects-and-the-predictors-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-among-chinese-children-from-2004-to-2011
#16
Xinping Wei, Yu Zang, Xiaodong Jia, Xiangui He, Shurong Zou, Hui Wang, Meihua Shen, Jiajie Zang
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have explored the effects of age, time period, and cohort in association with biological, behavioral, economic, and environmental factors predictors on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) among Chinese children. METHODS: We used data from a cohort study of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) between 2004 and 2011 (2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011). The outcomes of interest were metabolic equivalent of task (MET) hours per week from both active and sedentary activities...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435192/effect-of-peripartum-nutritional-management-on-plasma-profile-of-steroid-hormones-metabolites-and-postpartum-fertility-in-buffaloes
#17
R M Kalasariya, A J Dhami, K K Hadiya, D N Borkhatariya, J A Patel
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of peripartum protein and minerals supplementation on plasma profile of steroid hormones, metabolites, and fertility in rural buffaloes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 85 advanced pregnant (~8 months) pluriparous buffaloes selected at farmers' doorstep in three tribal villages of Middle Gujarat were randomly divided into two groups, viz., control (n=45) and nutrients treatment (40). The buffaloes of treatment group (n=40), in addition to farmers feeding schedule/control, received daily 1...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422064/dried-plums-prunes-and-bone-health-a-comprehensive-review
#18
REVIEW
Taylor C Wallace
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advocate for increasing fruit intake and replacing energy-dense foods with those that are nutrient-dense. Nutrition across the lifespan is pivotal for the healthy development and maintenance of bone. The National Osteoporosis Foundation estimates that over half of Americans age 50+ have either osteoporosis or low bone mass. Dried plums, also commonly referred to as prunes, have a unique nutrient and dietary bioactive profile and are suggested to exert beneficial effects on bone...
April 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416560/horizontal-schools-based-health-programme-in-rural-kenya
#19
James Bogie, Ben Eder, Dan Magnus, Onguko David Amonje, Martina Gant
BACKGROUND: Primary school children in low-income countries are at risk of many diseases and poor health affects attendance, cognition and ability to learn. Developing school health and nutrition strategies has been extensively highlighted as a global priority, with a particular focus on complex programme design. However, such programmes are relatively untested in low-income settings. METHOD: We implemented a complex school health and nutrition programme in two schools in Western Kenya over 3 years...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408713/the-influence-of-glucose-exposure-load-and-peritoneal-membrane-transport-on-body-composition-and-nutritional-status-changes-after-1-year-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
Rafaela S Caron-Lienert, Carlos E Poli-de-Figueiredo, Ana E Figueiredo, Bartira E Pinheiro da Costa, Alessandra C Pizzato, Carlo Crepaldi, Fiorenza Ferrari, Anna Giuliani, Claudio Ronco
♦Background: The characteristics of peritoneal membrane transport differ among patients, affecting the prescription of peritoneal dialysis (PD) modality and glucose exposure in order to achieve an effective dialysis. This study aims to verify the influence of glucose exposure load and peritoneal membrane transport on body composition and nutritional status changes after the first year of PD. ♦ Methods: We examined a cohort of 85 incident PD patients during the first year of treatment. We established a cut-off of 5% to define changes in dry weight (DW), lean tissue mass (LTM), and fat mass (FM)...
April 13, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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