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GTN Patches

Derek M Yellon, Zhenhe He, Rayomand Khambata, Amrita Ahluwalia, Sean M Davidson
There remains a significant un-met need to reduce the extent of myocardial injury caused by ischaemia and reperfusion injury in patients experiencing an ST-elevation MI. Although nitric oxide is central to many cardioprotective strategies currently undergoing investigation, cardioprotection from the delivery of nitrates/nitrites has been inconsistently observed. The route of administration appears to be a critical variable. The glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) patch is commonly used as a simple and practical means of delivering nitric oxide to patients with ischaemic heart disease, but whether acute cardioprotection can be achieved by application of a GTN patch has not been investigated before...
April 17, 2018: Basic Research in Cardiology
Frances Morrison, Jack Fairhurst, Charlie Fairhurst
AIM: Evaluation of topical Glyceryl trinitrate as a therapeutic option to improve peripheral circulation in 16 children with severe complex neurodisability, poor capillary return and signs of vascular insufficiency, including discomfort. METHODS: If insufficient improvement in capillary return was obtained using conservative measures, a 5 mg GTN patch was placed each day on the front of the tibia of each leg. Children were reviewed clinically for up to 12 months of treatment...
May 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Kevin P Robb, Tiziana Cotechini, Camille Allaire, Arissa Sperou, Charles H Graham
INTRODUCTION: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) is the oxygen-sensitive subunit of the transcription factor HIF-1, and its expression is increased in placentas from pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia (PE). Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and PE often share a common pathophysiology; however, it is unknown whether increased placental HIF-1α occurs in FGR. We previously demonstrated that aberrant maternal inflammation in rats resulted in altered utero-placental perfusion and FGR, both of which were prevented by administration of the nitric oxide mimetic glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)...
2017: PloS One
Jason P Appleton, Nikola Sprigg, Philip M Bath
The nitric oxide donor, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), is a candidate treatment for the management of acute stroke with haemodynamic and potential reperfusion and neuroprotective effects. When administered as a transdermal patch during the acute and subacute phases after stroke, GTN was safe, lowered blood pressure, maintained cerebral blood flow, and did not induce cerebral steal or alter functional outcome. However, when given within 6 h of stroke onset, GTN reduced death and dependency (odds ratio 0.52; 95% confidence interval 0...
January 2017: CNS Drugs
M Field, D McGrogan, Y Marie, M Joinson, C Andujar, M Dutton, H Krishnan, J Hodson, D van Dellen, N G Inston
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistulas are critical for haemodialysis, but maturation rates remain poor. Experimental and anecdotal evidence has supported the use of transdermal glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) patches. The aim of this RCT was to determine whether use of a GTN patch aids arteriovenous fistula maturation. METHODS: Patients referred for arteriovenous fistula formation were eligible. The GTN or placebo patch was applied immediately after surgery and left in situ for 24 h...
September 2016: British Journal of Surgery
A Trapani, L F Gonçalves, T F Trapani, M J Franco, R N Galluzzo, M M S Pires
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of transdermal nitroglycerin (GTN) and sildenafil citrate on Doppler velocity waveforms of the uterine (UtA), umbilical (UA) and fetal middle cerebral (MCA) arteries in pregnancies with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: This was a prospective study of 35 singleton pregnancies (gestational age, 24-31 weeks) with IUGR and abnormal UtA and UA Doppler waveforms. We compared maternal arterial blood pressure and Z-scores of the pulsatility index (PI) of UtA, UA and fetal MCA before and after application of a transdermal GTN patch (average dose, 0...
July 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
M Saxena, D Collier, A Jain, C Knight, A Mathur, P Sobotka, M Lobo
OBJECTIVE: Intolerance of antihypertensive medications is a major cause of non-adherence to pharmacotherapy leading to poor blood pressure control in the hypertensive population. We investigated the role of a central iliac arteriovenous (AV) anastomosis in a woman with uncontrolled hypertension due to multidrug intolerances. DESIGN AND METHOD: A sixty-one year old Caucasian female with long-standing poorly-controlled hypertension was referred with multiple drug intolerances...
June 2015: Journal of Hypertension
Nicola Maffulli, Rocco Papalia, Stefano D'Adamio, Lorenzo Diaz Balzani, Vincenzo Denaro
INTRODUCTION: Several pharmacological interventions have been proposed for the management of Achilles tendinopathy, with no agreement on which is the overall best option available. This systematic review investigates the efficacy and safety of different local pharmacological treatments for Achilles tendinopathy. SOURCES OF DATA: We included only randomized controlled studies (RCTs) focusing on clinical and functional outcomes of therapies consisting in injection of a substance or local application...
March 2015: British Medical Bulletin
Yebin Lu, Juanjuan Hu, Weijia Sun, Xiaohui Duan, Xiong Chen
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the nitric oxide signaling pathway on immune escape; thus, a tumorigenesis model was established using nude mice. The mice were inoculated with pancreatic carcinoma cells and divided into two groups, a glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and a placebo group. When tumor volumes reached 150 mm(3), the mice in the GTN group were treated with GTN transdermal patches (dose, 7.3 μg/h) while the mice in the placebo group were administered untreated patches. Following treatment, the tumor volume was recorded every 3-4 days and after 28 days, the tumors were analyzed...
December 2014: Oncology Letters
Anisodowleh Nankali, Parnian Kord Jamshidi, Mansour Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Preterm labor (PTL) is one of the main causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity. PTL leads to serious complications especially in the gestational age prior to 24-26 weeks. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) patch on the treatment and complications of PTL. METHODS: In this clinical trial, 84 singleton pregnant women with gestational age of 27-35 weeks were surveyed. PTL was clinically diagnosed and the patients were randomly divided into two groups who were treated with GTN or placebo for 48 hr...
April 2014: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Vicki Flenady, Aleena M Wojcieszek, Dimitri N M Papatsonis, Owen M Stock, Linda Murray, Luke A Jardine, Bruno Carbonne
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a major contributor to perinatal mortality and morbidity, affecting around 9% of births in high-income countries and an estimated 13% of births in low- and middle-income countries. Tocolytics are drugs used to suppress uterine contractions for women in preterm labour. The most widely used tocolytic are the betamimetics, however, these are associated with a high frequency of unpleasant and sometimes severe maternal side effects. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) (such as nifedipine) may have similar tocolytic efficacy with less side effects than betamimetics...
June 5, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Raif Ozden, Vedat Uruç, Yunus Doğramaci, Aydiner Kalaci, Erhan Yengil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment results of the application of nitric oxide (NO) in the form of topical glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis (LE). METHODS: The study included 40 patients with LE randomized into 2 equal groups. Selection criteria included the presence of pain, tenderness, and positive pain stimulating maneuvers. Glyceryl trinitrate patches were applied to the area of maximal tenderness once a day in the treatment group and placebo patches in the control group...
2014: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Kevin J Bell, Mark L Fulcher, David S Rowlands, Ngaire Kerse
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of two peritendinous autologous blood injections in addition to a standardised eccentric calf strengthening programme in improving pain and function in patients with mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. DESIGN: Single centre, participant and single assessor blinded, parallel group, randomised, controlled trial. SETTING: Single sports medicine clinic in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 53 adults (mean age 49, 53% men) with symptoms of unilateral mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy for at least three months...
2013: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Sean Jedrzkiewicz, John D Parker
This study examined the effect of acute and sustained transdermal glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) therapy on insulin and glucose regulation. Totally, 12 males (18-30 years) underwent a glucose tolerance test at baseline (visit 1), 90 minutes after acute transdermal GTN 0.6 mg/h (visit 2), following 7 days of continuous GTN (visit 3), and 2 to 3 days after stopping GTN (visit 4). At each visit, plasma glucose and insulin concentrations were measured before and 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after a 75-g oral glucose load...
May 2013: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Mirjam Steunebrink, Johannes Zwerver, Ruben Brandsema, Petra Groenenboom, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Adam Weir
OBJECTIVES: To assess if continuous topical glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) treatment improves outcome in patients with chronic patellar tendinopathy when compared with eccentric training alone. METHODS: Randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial comparing a 12-week programme of using a GTN or placebo patch in combination with eccentric squats on a decline board. Measurements were performed at baseline, 6, 12 and 24 weeks. Primary outcome measure was the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Patella (VISA-P) questionnaire...
January 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Shahida Shaikh, Abdul Hameed Shaikh, Saleem Akhter, Basma Isran
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of transdermal Nitroglycerine patch in idiopathic pre-term labour and foetomaternal outcome. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted at the Obstetrics Unit-II of Shaikh Zayed Hospital for Women, Chandka Medical College, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University, Larkana, from Jan 1 to June 30, 2010. Sixtyfive pregnant women at 28-34 weeks of gestation were recruited after they met the selection criteria based on non-probability consecutive sampling...
January 2012: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Tiziana Cotechini, Maha Othman, Charles H Graham
Inflammation-associated foetal loss is often linked to maternal coagulopathies. Here, we characterised the role of maternal inflammation in the development of various systemic maternal coagulopathies and foetal death during mid-to-late gestation in rats. Since nitric oxide (NO) functions as an inhibitor of platelet aggregation and anti-oxidant, we also tested whether the NO mimetic nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate, GTN) prevents inflammation-associated coagulopathies and foetal death. To induce chronic inflammation, pregnant Wistar rats were injected with low-doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10-40 μg/kg) on gestational days (GD) 13...
May 2012: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Ali R Bokhari, George A C Murrell
Nitric oxide (NO) is a small free radical that is generated by a family of enzymes called the nitric oxide synthases (NOS). There are 3 isoforms of NOS: endothelial NOS (eNOS), brain or neuronal NOS (bNOS), and inducible NOS (iNOS). In experiments performed during the last 20 years, we have shown that NO is induced by all 3 isoforms of NOS after tendon injury and that NOS activity is upregulated in tendinopathy. In normal uninjured tendons, there is very little NOS activity. In injured rat and human tendons, NOS activity was found in healing fibroblasts in a temporal fashion...
February 2012: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Chamila M Geeganage, Andrew J G Bath, Philip M W Bath
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is a common complication in acute stroke and is associated with a poor outcome. Aims This study assesses the effects of transdermal glyceryl trinitrate on 24 h ambulatory blood pressure in patients with recent stroke. METHODS: One hundred and seven patients with acute ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke were included. The patients had been enrolled in one of two trials of transdermal glyceryl trinitrate (5 mg daily) or placebo/control, and underwent 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (56 glyceryl trinitrate, 51 control)...
August 2011: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Yanfang Guo, Christopher J Longo, Rihua Xie, Shi Wu Wen, Mark C Walker, Graeme N Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of using transdermal nitroglycerin (GTN) for cases of preterm labor. METHODS: The study included 153 women with clinical preterm labor, who were randomly allocated to either a GTN or placebo arm. All randomized cases were included in the final economic analysis. Differences between the two arms in gestational age at delivery, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, length of NICU stay, and NICU cost were assessed...
March 2011: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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