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Rheumatology,connective tissue disease,autoimmune

Nafeesah Fatimah, Ahmad Ussaid, Aflak Rasheed
Undifferentiated connective tissue diseases usually present with arthralgias, sicca symptoms, Raynaud's phenomenon and leucopenia. This case presents the atypical presentation of an undifferentiated connective tissue disease with extensive cutaneous involvement of fingers and toes leading to gangrene with absence of typical rheumatological symptoms. The autoimmune profile showed positive ANA and anti-Ro/SS-A. Thromboembolism was ruled out on the basis of transthoracic and transesophageal echo. She was treated with I/V corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide that halted the disease progression...
August 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Sevdalina N Lambova
Micro- and macrovascular pathology is a frequent finding in a number of common rheumatic diseases. Secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is among the most common symptoms in systemic sclerosis and several other systemic autoimmune diseases including a broad differential diagnosis. It should be also differential from other peripheral vascular syndromes such as embolism, thrombosis, etc., some of which lead to clinical manifestation of the blue toe syndrome. The current review discusses the instrumental methods for vascular assessments...
April 2016: Folia Medica
Alex Magno Coelho Horimoto, Aida Freitas do Carmo Silveira, Izaias Pereira da Costa
INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease of unknown etiology, characterized by a triad of vascular injury, autoimmunity and tissue fibrosis. It is known that a positive family history is the greatest risk factor already identified for the development of SSc in a given individual. Preliminary observation of a high prevalence of polyautoimmunity and of familial autoimmunity in SSc patients support the idea that different autoimmune phenotypes may share common susceptibility variants...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Marije I Koenders, Wim B van den Berg
Rheumatic disease is not a single disorder, but a group of more than 100 diseases that affect joints, connective tissues, and/or internal organs. Although rheumatic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) differ in their pathogenesis and clinical presentation, the treatment of these inflammatory disorders overlaps. Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs are used to reduce pain and inflammation. Additional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs are prescribed to slowdown disease progression, and is in RA more frequently and effectively applied than in AS...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Peri Hickman Pepmueller
Autoimmune diseases often have overlapping symptoms and laboratory somewhat unfamiliar to the non-rheumatologist. Characteristic signs, symptoms, and autoantibodies define specific connective tissue diseases. Some patients have some characteristic symptoms, but cannot be definitively classified. Still other patients meet criteria for more than one specific connective tissue disease. These patients can be confusing with regard to diagnosis and prognosis. Clarification of each patient's condition can lead to improved patient care...
March 2016: Missouri Medicine
Ripalta Colìa, Addolorata Corrado, Francesco Paolo Cantatore
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) often present as a complex inflammatory process wherein colon lesions (ulcerative colitis, UC) or widespread ulceration and fissure (Crohn's disease, CD) might be accompanied by ancillary extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) that could involve almost every organ system, but also by autoimmune disorders ranging from psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis to connective tissue diseases. Certain EIMs are more common related to the activity of the IBD (joint, skin, ocular and oral manifestations), other EIMs typically run a course independent of the IBD activity (hepatobiliary disorders) and some are non-specific disorders (osteoporosis and amyloidosis)...
June 16, 2016: Annals of Medicine
M Mahler, A Swart, J Wu, M Szmyrka-Kaczmarek, J-L Senécal, Y Troyanov, J G Hanly, M J Fritzler
BACKGROUND: Autoantibodies targeting Ku, an abundant nuclear protein with DNA helicase activity, have been reported in patients with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Little is known about the clinical associations of anti-Ku antibodies, especially when novel diagnostic technologies are used. The objective of the present study was to analyse the prevalence of anti-Ku antibodies in different medical conditions using a novel chemiluminescent immunoassay. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum samples from adult patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, n=305), systemic sclerosis (SSc, n=70) and autoimmune myositis patients (AIM, n=109) were the primary focus of the study...
July 2016: Lupus
Ewa Wielosz, Maria Majdan, Radosław Jeleniewicz, Marcin Mazurek
a-Ku are rare antibodies, which are reported in course of connective tissue diseases. Their prevalence ranges from 0 to 10% , 2%, on average. The main symptoms associated with the presence of a-Ku antibodies include: myositis, arthritis, Raynaud`s phenomenon and skin lesions. The above features are often defined as autoimmune clinical syndrome associated with a-Ku antibodies. In recent years, three cases with the presence of a-Ku antibodies were observed at the Department of Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Agnieszka Matuszewska, Marta Madej, Piotr Wiland
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common connective tissue disease of autoimmune origin. The disease is characterized by chronic inflammation leading to bone erosions and organ involvement. RA is a progressive disease. It affects the quality of life, leading to disability and death mainly due to premature cardiovascular disease. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential for prognosis and quality of life improvement. In 2010 the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) established new RA classification criteria...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Mary Vineetha, Seena Palakkal, K Sobhanakumari, M I Celine
Lupus mastitis is an uncommon presentation of lupus erythematosus profundus (LE profundus), characterized by inflammation of the subcutaneous fat. LE profundus occurring as initial manifestation of LE is rare. We report a case where the patient presented with lupus mastitis and years later, she developed disseminated discoid LE (DLE) and polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). PAN and DLE are connective tissue diseases with different etiologies, clinical, immunological, and histopathological features. One connective tissue disease evolving into another is rare, and the reasons remain unexplained...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
P Elfving, O Marjoniemi, H Niinisalo, A Kononoff, L Arstila, E Savolainen, J Rutanen, O Kaipiainen-Seppänen
Objective of the study was to evaluate the annual incidence and distribution of autoimmune connective tissue diseases and vasculitides during 2010. All units practicing rheumatology in the Northern Savo area, Finland, participated in the study by collecting data on newly diagnosed adult patients with autoimmune connective tissue disease or vasculitis over 1-year period. Seventy-two cases with autoimmune connective tissue disease were identified. The annual incidence rates were as follows: systemic lupus erythematosus 3...
July 2016: Rheumatology International
Fausta Beneventi, Elena Locatelli, Roberto Caporali, Claudia Alpini, Elisabetta Lovati, Véronique Ramoni, Margherita Simonetta, Chiara Cavagnoli, Carlomaurizio Montecucco, Arsenio Spinillo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rates and coexistence of autoimmune thyroid and connective tissue diseases (CTD) during the first trimester of pregnancy and their influence on pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study of 150 women with CTD diagnosed during first trimester of pregnancy and 150 negative controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Screening of CTD by a self-reported questionnaire, rheumatic and thyroid autoantibody detection, clinical rheumatological evaluation and obstetric outcomes...
April 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Alex Magno Coelho Horimoto, Aida Freitas do Carmo Silveira, Izaias Pereira da Costa
INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease of unknown etiology, characterized by a triad of vascular injury, autoimmunity and tissue fibrosis. It is known that a positive family history is the greatest risk factor already identified for the development of SSc in a given individual. Preliminary observation of a high prevalence of poliautoimmunity and of familial autoimmunity in SSc patients support the idea that different autoimmune phenotypes may share common susceptibility variants...
January 13, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Antonio Vitale, Jurgen Sota, Donato Rigante, Giuseppe Lopalco, Francesco Molinaro, Mario Messina, Florenzo Iannone, Luca Cantarini
Relapsing polychondritis is a rare multisystemic disease widely accepted as a complex autoimmune disorder affecting proteoglycan-rich structures and cartilaginous tissues, especially the auricular pinna, cartilage of the nose, tracheobronchial tree, eyes, and heart's connective components. The clinical spectrum may vary from intermittent inflammatory episodes leading to unesthetic structural deformities to life-threatening cardiopulmonary manifestations, such as airway collapse and valvular regurgitation. The frequent association with other rheumatologic and hematologic disorders has been extensively reported over time, contributing to define its complexity at a diagnostic and also therapeutic level...
January 2016: Current Rheumatology Reports
Lan-Huong Thai, Saskia Ingen-Housz-Oro, Bertrand Godeau, Luc Rethers, Pierre Wolkenstein, Nicolas Limal, Virginie Papillon, Jean Kapfer, Olivier Chosidow, Nicolas Ortonne
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a rare and benign disorder that usually occurs in young adults with enlarged lymph nodes containing infiltrate of cytotoxic T cells and nuclear debris. It can be a manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) although the strength of this association has varied among studies. Although specific KFD cutaneous lesions are well described, pure cutaneous lesions have never been reported. We studied a series of patients prospectively entered into a database between 2007 and 2014 with skin biopsies showing diffuse or localized inflammatory infiltrates reminiscent of cutaneous KFD, without lymph-node-related KFD...
November 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ethan M Balk, Amy Earley, Esther A Avendano, Gowri Raman
BACKGROUND: Silicone gel breast implants were removed from the U.S. market for cosmetic use in 1992 owing to safety concerns. They were reintroduced in 2006, with a call for improved surveillance of clinical outcomes. PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature regarding specific long-term health outcomes in women with silicone gel breast implants, including cancer; connective tissue, rheumatologic, and autoimmune diseases; neurologic diseases; reproductive issues, including lactation; offspring issues; and mental health issues (depression and suicide)...
February 2, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Clodoveo Ferri, Andreina Manfredi, Marco Sebastiani, Michele Colaci, Dilia Giuggioli, Caterina Vacchi, Giovanni Della Casa, Stefania Cerri, Pietro Torricelli, Fabrizio Luppi
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by inflammation and/or fibrosis of the lungs, varying from idiopathic interstitial pneumonias to secondary variants, including the ILDs associated to connective tissue diseases (CTDs). In addition, a number of patients are recognized as unclassifiable ILD (U-ILD), because of the inability to reach a definite diagnosis; some of them show autoimmune manifestations not fulfilling the classification criteria of a given CTD...
January 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Mariangelí Arroyo-Ávila, Luis M Vilá
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection is a common cause of febrile arthritis. The most common manifestations of acute infection are fever, symmetrical polyarthralgias or polyarthritis, myalgias, and maculopapular rash. Up to 80% of patients may develop musculoskeletal manifestations that persist longer than 3 months, causing impairment in their quality of life. The most common chronic manifestations are persistent or relapsing-remitting polyarthralgias, polyarthritis, and myalgias. Fingers, wrists, knees, ankles, and toes are the most frequently involved, but proximal joints and axial involvement can occur in the chronic stage...
June 2015: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Sasha Bernatsky, Audrey Smargiassi, Markey Johnson, Gilaad G Kaplan, Cheryl Barnabe, Larry Svenson, Allan Brand, Stefania Bertazzon, Marie Hudson, Ann E Clarke, Paul R Fortin, Steven Edworthy, Patrick Bélisle, Lawrence Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between fine particulate (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution and systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs). METHODS: Associations between ambient air pollution (PM2.5 and NO2) and SARDs were assessed using land-use regression models for Calgary, Alberta and administrative health data (1993-2007). SARD case definitions were based on ≥2 physician claims, or ≥1 rheumatology billing code; or ≥1 hospitalization code (for systemic lupus, Sjogren's Syndrome, scleroderma, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, or undifferentiated connective tissue disease)...
July 2015: Environmental Research
Teng Moua, Ana C Zamora Martinez, Misbah Baqir, Robert Vassallo, Andrew H Limper, Jay H Ryu
BACKGROUND: Although usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) appears to portend better survival when associated with connective tissue disease (CTD-UIP), little is known about the presenting clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features that differentiate pathologically confirmed UIP with CTD from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In patients with atypical radiologic and clinical features, what specific findings predict underlying IPF vs. CTD-UIP diagnosis and their respective long term survival? METHODS: A large retrospective cohort analysis was done of consecutive patients seen from 1995 through 2010 with biopsy confirmed UIP completed or reviewed at our institution...
2014: Respiratory Research
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