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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548874/the-role-of-the-school-nurse-in-the-special-education-process-part-2-eligibility-determination-and-the-individualized-education-program
#1
Robin Adair Shannon, Catherine Falusi Yonkaitis
This is the second of two articles outlining the professional school nurse's role in the special education process for students with disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities in Education Improvement Act of 2004 mandates the special education process: identification, full and individual evaluation, eligibility determination, and development of the individual education program (IEP), including special education placement. Part 1 focused on the importance of the school nurse's role in student identification, response to intervention, and the full and individual evaluation...
May 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547011/the-effect-of-visual-variability-on-the-learning-of-academic-concepts
#2
Ashley Bourgoyne, Mary Alt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of variability of visual input on development of conceptual representations of academic concepts for college-age students with normal language (NL) and those with language-learning disabilities (LLD). Method: Students with NL (n = 11) and LLD (n = 11) participated in a computer-based training for introductory biology course concepts. Participants were trained on half the concepts under a low-variability condition and half under a high-variability condition...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544583/improving-the-occupational-skills-of-students-with-intellectual-disability-by-applying-video-prompting-combined-with-dance-pads
#3
Mei-Lan Lin, Ming-Shan Chiang, Ching-Hsiang Shih, Meng-Fang Li
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are prone to inattention, are slow in learning and reaction, and have deficits in memory skills. Providing proper vocational education and training for individuals with intellectual disability is able to enhance their occupational skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study applied video prompting to provide instructional prompts to help participants accurately perform an assigned occupational activity. A control system installed with developed software was used to turn a standard dance pad into a sensor to detect the participants' standing position and to automatically trigger video prompting...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544451/protection-and-restriction-a-mixed-methods-study-of-self-reported-well-being-among-youth-with-intellectual-disabilities
#4
Petra Boström, Malin Broberg
BACKGROUND: As most mental health studies of school-aged children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are based on proxy ratings, the subjective views of these young persons are rarely explored. The present study explores experiences of well-being, mental ill-health, family, school, and peer relations in students in special education. METHODS: Ten students in special education, aged 13-16 years, answered the Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire (WellSEQ) and participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539071/the-location-and-effects-of-visual-hemisphere-specific-stimulation-on-reading-fluency-in-children-with-the-characteristics-of-dyslexia
#5
Bobbie Jean Koen, Jacqueline Hawkins, Xi Zhu, Ben Jansen, Weihua Fan, Sharon Johnson
Fluency is used as an indicator of reading proficiency. Many students with reading disabilities are unable to benefit from typical interventions. This study is designed to replicate Lorusso, Facoetti, Paganoni, Pezzani, and Molteni's (2006) work using FlashWord, a computer program that tachistoscopically presents words in the right or left visual hemi-field in English and locates through fMRI imaging the processing areas involved in fluency development. Our participants were 15 students who were ages 8 to 19 years and had reading disabilities randomly assigned to Intervention ( n = 9) and Delayed Intervention ( n = 6) groups...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533619/the-effects-of-exercise-using-an-ergometer-with-swaying-saddle-on-chronic-lower-back-pain
#6
Seung Jin Byeon, Ki Hyun Kim
[Purpose] This study aims to investigate the effects of exercise using an ergometer with swaying saddle on chronic lower back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-three normal adults (university students) with chronic lower back pain were randomly recruited. The flexibility and strength of muscles were measured before and after an 8-week intervention. Belly-bike, an ergometer with a swaying saddle, was used. The duration of intervention was 30 minutes a day, 3 times a week. To measure the level of pain, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Korean Oswestry Disability Index were used...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533606/the-relationship-between-knee-joint-angle-and-knee-flexor-and-extensor-muscle-strength
#7
Misook Ha, Dongwook Han
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine a relationship between joint angle and muscular strength. In particular, this research investigated the differences in maximum muscular strength and average muscular strength at the knee-joint posture. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects comprised eight female students in their 20s attending S University in Busan. None of the subjects had functional disabilities or had experienced damage to the lower extremities in terms of measurement of muscular strength...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514474/comprehensive-literacy-instruction-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-and-students-with-severe-disabilities
#8
Karen A Erickson
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical focus article is to briefly describe comprehensive emergent and conventional literacy instruction for students with severe disabilities. Specific attention is given to interprofessional collaborative practice and the roles of team members in planning and delivering instruction. Method: A rationale for the delivery of comprehensive instruction that balances skill and meaning emphases is provided with reference to new college and career readiness standards, the literature on literacy acquisition for students without disabilities, and, when possible, the literature on literacy acquisition for students with severe disabilities...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513769/the-situation-of-nursing-education-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-towards-universal-health
#9
Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani, Lynda Law Wilson, Sabrina de Souza Elias Mikael, Laura Morán Peña, Rosa Amarilis Zarate Grajales, Linda L McCreary, Lisa Theus, Maria Del Carmen Gutierrez Agudelo, Adriana da Silva Felix, Jacqueline Molina de Uriza, Nathaly Rozo Gutierrez
Objective: to assess the situation of nursing education and to analyze the extent to which baccalaureate level nursing education programs in Latin America and the Caribbean are preparing graduates to contribute to the achievement of Universal Health. Method: quantitative, descriptive/exploratory, cross-sectional study carried out in 25 countries. Results: a total of 246 nursing schools participated in the study. Faculty with doctoral level degrees totaled 31...
May 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512037/understanding-behavior-under-nonverbal-transitive-inference-procedures-stimulus-control-topography-analyses
#10
Ann Galizio, Adam H Doughty, Dean C Williams, Kathryn J Saunders
Following training with verbal stimulus relations involving A is greater than B and B is greater than C, verbally-competent individuals reliably select A>C when asked "which is greater, A or C?" (i.e., verbal transitive inference). This result is easy to interpret. Nonhuman animals and humans with and without intellectual disabilities have been exposed to nonverbal transitive-inference procedures involving trained arbitrary stimulus relations. Following the training of A+B-, B+C-, C+D-, and D+E-, B reliably is selected over D (i...
May 13, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511650/pain-pain-intensity-and-pain-disability-in-high-school-students-are-differently-associated-with-physical-activity-screening-hours-and-sleep
#11
Anabela G Silva, Pedro Sa-Couto, Alexandra Queirós, Maritza Neto, Nelson P Rocha
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the association between physical activity, screen time and sleep and pain usually focus on a limited number of painful body sites. Nevertheless, pain at different body sites is likely to be of different nature. Therefore, this study aims to explore and compare the association between time spent in self-reported physical activity, in screen based activities and sleeping and i) pain presence in the last 7-days for 9 different body sites; ii) pain intensity at 9 different body sites and iii) global disability...
May 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#12
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498735/critical-issues-in-the-understanding-of-young-elementary-school-students-at-risk-for-problems-in-written-expression-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#13
David L Coker, Young-Suk Grace Kim
In this introduction to the special issue "Critical Issues in the Understanding of Young Elementary School Students at Risk for Problems in Written Expression," we consider some of the contextual factors that have changed since a similar special issue was published in the Journal of Learning Disabilities in 2002. We also explore how the five articles included in this special issue address the following important themes: early writing development, identification of students with writing difficulties, and effective interventions for struggling writers...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494197/learning-disabilities-and-emotional-intelligence
#14
Leehu Zysberg, Jon Kasler
The literature is conflicted around the subject of the emotional abilities of individuals with Specific Learning Disabilities (SLDs): While many claim cognitive challenges are associated with emotional difficulties, some suggest emotional and interpersonal abilities are not compromised in such disorders and may help individuals compensate and cope effectively with the challenges they meet in learning environments. Two studies explored differences in emotional intelligence (EI) between young adults with and without SLD...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489519/validity-and-reliability-of-the-disabilities-of-arm-shoulder-and-hand-scale-in-dental-students-a-transnational-study
#15
Danielle Wajngarten, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos, Ana Carolina Botta, Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia
This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scale in Brazilian and American dental students and assess the influence of demographic variables on disability in them. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted with a nonprobabilistic sample. The sample was composed of students of both genders from the School of Dentistry of Araraquara, State University of São Paulo (UNESP) (n = 288), and students from Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA (n = 149)...
May 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489145/mismatch-between-diagnostic-reports-and-special-educational-needs-classification-in-a-public-educational-system
#16
Maria Cristina Triguero Veloz Teixeira, Décio Brunoni, Luiz Renato Rodrigues Carreiro, Ana Claudia Braga, Naiara Adorna da Silva, Cristiane Silvestre Paula
Objective: To assess the diagnostic status, the sociodemographic and health profiles for students with special educational needs (SEN) in a public educational system, and to map their use of educational/social services. Methods: The sample comprised 1,202 SEN students from a total of 59,344 students. Results: Only 792 students of the 1,202 had an established diagnosis. The most prevalent SEN condition was intellectual disability. There was a low percentage (29...
April 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479937/consequences-of-learned-helplessness-and-recognition-of-the-state-of-cognitive-exhaustion-in-persons-with-mild-intellectual-disability
#17
Michał Gacek, Tomasz Smoleń, Władysława Pilecka
Persons with intellectual disability are a group at risk of being exposed to overly demanding problem-solving situations, which may produce learned helplessness. The research was based on the informational model of learned helplessness. The consequences of exposure to an unsolvable task and the ability to recognize the symptoms of cognitive exhaustion were tested in 120 students with mild intellectual disability. After the exposure to the unsolvable task, persons in the experimental group obtained lower results than the control group in the escape/avoidance learning task, but a similar result was found in the divergent thinking fluency task...
2017: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473510/does-more-education-mean-less-disability-in-people-with-dementia-a-large-cross-sectional-study-in-taiwan
#18
Shih-Wei Huang, Wen-Chou Chi, Chia-Feng Yen, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Hua-Fang Liao, Reuben Escorpizo, Feng-Hang Chang, Tsan-Hon Liou
BACKGROUND: WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a feasible tool for assessing functional disability and analysing the risk of institutionalisation among elderly patients with dementia. However, the data for the effect of education on disability status in patients with dementia is lacking. The aim of this large-scale, population-based study was to analyse the effect of education on the disability status of elderly Taiwanese patients with dementia by using WHODAS 2.0...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470105/learning-disabilities-and-low-social-status-the-role-of-peer-academic-reputation-and-peer-reputation-of-teacher-liking
#19
Lisa van der Sande, Marloes M H G Hendrickx, Henrike J Boor-Klip, Tim Mainhard
Although many studies have found that children with learning disabilities (LD) are less liked by peers than children without LD, the results are not unequivocal. In the present study, we investigated the social status (in terms of likeability and popularity) of children with LD by considering peer academic reputation and peer reputation of teacher liking. These variables are potentially important alternative factors for differences in social status between children with and without LD. Fifth-grade students ( n = 1,453; Mage = 10...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458645/-for-a-long-time-our-voices-have-been-hushed-using-student-perspectives-to-develop-supports-for-neurodiverse-college-students
#20
Kristen Gillespie-Lynch, Dennis Bublitz, Annemarie Donachie, Vincent Wong, Patricia J Brooks, Joanne D'Onofrio
Although the challenges that autistic students face adapting to college are often pronounced, they are similar to the challenges that students with other disabilities face (e.g., difficulties with social interaction, self-advocacy, and executive functioning). However, extant evaluations of services for autistic college students are very limited despite an emerging literature examining supports for college students with a range of other disabilities. Given that many autistic students do not self-identify as autistic in college, and consequently might avoid autism-specific services, autistic students might benefit from services that are designed to support a broad range of neurodiverse students, or services that are structured according to the principles of Universal Design...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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