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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639490/the-role-of-special-education-teachers-in-facilitating-peer-relationships-among-students-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities-in-lower-secondary-school
#1
Hanne Marie Høybråten Sigstad
BACKGROUND: Students with intellectual disabilities may lack sufficiently developed skills to initiate qualitatively good social interactions; thus, they might be in need of assistance. This study examined special education teachers' role in facilitating peer relationships among students with mild intellectual disabilities in a mainstream school context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with nine special education teachers who belong to special education groups in lower secondary schools...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637382/rates-and-correlates-of-binge-drinking-among-college-students-with-disabilities-united-states-2013
#2
Steven L West, Carolyn W Graham, Peter Temple
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide the first comprehensive picture of alcohol use and binge drinking by US college students with disabilities (SWDs), who represent at least 11% (1.6 million) of the US college student population. METHODS: In fall 2013, we used a stratified random sampling technique to identify and recruit 2440 SWDs from 122 US colleges and universities. A total of 1285 (53%) SWDs from 61 (50%) colleges and universities completed a survey of alcohol and other drug use and the use of substances by student peers...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637146/instilling-positive-beliefs-about-disabilities-pilot-testing-a-novel-experiential-learning-activity-for-rehabilitation-students
#3
Arielle M Silverman, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Ian K Nelson, Patricia N Matsuda, Deborah Kartin, Ivan R Molton
PURPOSE: To develop and test a novel impairment simulation activity to teach beginning rehabilitation students how people adapt to physical impairments. METHODS: Masters of Occupational Therapy students (n = 14) and Doctor of Physical Therapy students (n = 18) completed the study during the first month of their program. Students were randomized to the experimental or control learning activity. Experimental students learned to perform simple tasks while simulating paraplegia and hemiplegia...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630972/using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-in-assessment-and-intervention-of-school-aged-children-with-language-impairments
#4
Carol Westby, Karla N Washington
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in assessment and treatment practices with children with language impairment. Method: This tutorial reviews the framework of the ICF, describes the implications of the ICF for SLPs, distinguishes between students' capacity to perform a skill in a structured context and the actual performance of that skill in naturalistic contexts, and provides a case study of an elementary school child to demonstrate how the principles of the ICF can guide assessment and intervention...
June 18, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627860/the-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-can-predict-the-institutionalization-of-the-patients-with-stroke
#5
Hsiang-Yueh Hu, Wen-Chou Chi, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Chia-Feng Yen, Reuben Escorpizo, Hua-Fang Liao, Shih-Wei Huang, Tsan-Hon Liou
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a well-known questionnaire used to evaluate disability. We can not only evaluate disability but also obtain additional information by using the standardized WHODAS 2.0 scores. AIM: To predict the institutionalization of the patients with stroke by using the standardized WHODAS 2.0 scores. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: The data of 10,255 patients with stroke were acquired from the Data Bank of Persons with Disabilities (TDPD) in Taiwan...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613104/a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies-of-mathematics-difficulty
#6
Gena Nelson, Sarah R Powell
Some students may be diagnosed with a learning disability in mathematics or dyscalculia, whereas other students may demonstrate below-grade-level mathematics performance without a disability diagnosis. In the literature, researchers often identify students in both groups as experiencing math difficulty. To understand the performance of students with math difficulty, we examined 35 studies that reported longitudinal results of mathematics achievement (i.e., mathematics performance measured across at least a 12-month span)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595494/a-psychopathological-comparison-between-delusional-disorder-and-schizophrenia
#7
José Eduardo Muñoz-Negro, Inmaculada Ibáñez-Casas, Enrique de Portugal, Vanessa Lozano-Gutiérrez, Rafael Martínez-Leal, Jorge A Cervilla
OBJECTIVE: To contribute to a better differential clinical categorisation of delusional disorder (DD) versus schizophrenia (SZ) and to add and complete evidence from previous clinical studies of DD compared to schizophrenia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a clinical sample of 275 patients (132 patients with DD) was studied. Patients were consecutively attending public clinics located in urban and rural areas in both Andalusia and Catalonia (Spain). All participants met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for either DD or SZ...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589832/improving-medicines-management
#8
Kirsty Killiard
While on placement on a forensic learning disability ward in my third year as a mental health nursing student, I noticed that patients sometimes needed 'as required' (PRN) medication for distress associated with their mental health.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589307/cultivating-community-responsive-future-healthcare-professionals-using-service-learning-in-pre-health-humanities-education
#9
Casey Kayser
This essay argues that service-learning pedagogy is an important tool in pre-health humanities education that provides benefits to the community and produces more compassionate, culturally competent, and community-responsive future healthcare professionals. Further, beginning this approach at the baccalaureate level instills democratic and collaborative values at an earlier, crucial time in the career socialization process. The discussion focuses on learning outcomes and reciprocity between the university and community in a Medical Humanities course for junior and senior premedical students, an elective in the premedical curriculum...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586511/factors-affecting-dance-exercise-performance-among-students-at-a-special-needs-school
#10
Yukiko Ito, Izumi Hiramoto, Hideya Kodama
BACKGROUND: In Japan, dance exercise has been introduced as a compulsory element of health and physical education. However, there is a considerable discrepancy in the levels of performance among students with intellectual disabilities (ID) at a special needs school. AIM: To demonstrate factors affecting the performance of dance exercise in students with ID. METHODS: A 4-month dance exercise program was implemented for junior high school students at a special needs school, and performance of 32 students at 22 sessions was assessed quantitatively by amount of calorie use by exercise and the proficiency scores of performances...
June 6, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582939/elaboration-of-the-contextual-factors-of-the-icf-for-occupational-health-care
#11
Y F Heerkens, C P M de Brouwer, J A Engels, J W J van der Gulden, I J Kant
BACKGROUND: Many work-related items are not included in the current classification of environmental factors from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Furthermore, personal factors are not classified and the ICF only provides a very limited list of examples. These facts make the ICF less useful for occupational health care and for research in the field of occupation and health. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this discussion paper is to introduce an elaboration of contextual factors, focussing on factors that influence work participation...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579208/louis-delasiauve-1804-1893-an-alienist-at-the-dawn-of-epileptology-and-pediatric-psychiatry
#12
REVIEW
O Walusinski
This paper aims to honor the memory of the alienist Louis Delasiauve (1804-1893). His classification of the different types of epilepsy based on clinical symptoms is still relevant today and made him a precursor of contemporary epileptology. In 1851, Delasiauve clinically and etiologically isolated 'acute mental confusion' (acute confusional state) from all other forms of dementia. Never deviating from his republican and progressive ideals, he devoted himself throughout the 19th century to treating those insane asylum patients who received the poorest care: epileptics and children with intellectual disabilities...
June 1, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578816/characteristics-of-headaches-in-japanese-elementary-and-junior-high-school-students-a-school-based-questionnaire-survey
#13
Masahide Goto, Koji Yokoyama, Yasuyuki Nozaki, Koichi Itoh, Ryou Kawamata, Shizuko Matsumoto, Takanori Yamagata
PURPOSE: Few studies have investigated pediatric headaches in Japan. Thus, we examined the lifetime prevalence and characteristics of headaches among elementary and junior high school students in Japan. METHODS: In this school-based study, children aged 6-15years completed a questionnaire based on the diagnostic criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders-3β to assess headache characteristics and related disability. RESULTS: Of the 3285 respondents, 1623 (49...
May 31, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573894/interpersonal-social-responsibility-model-of-service-learning-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Orit Lahav, Noa Daniely, Shira Yalon-Chamovitz
BACKGROUND: Service-learning (SL) is commonly used in Occupational Therapy (OT) programs worldwide as a community placement educational strategy. However, most SL models are not clearly defined in terms of both methodology and learning outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study explores a structured model of Service-Learning (Interpersonal Social Responsibility-Service Learning: ISR-SL) aimed towards the development of professional identity among OT students...
June 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569532/college-age-adults-religiosity-family-functioning-and-values-and-willingness-to-provide-care-for-a-relative-with-a-chronic-health-condition
#15
Lisa D Goldberg-Looney, Paul B Perrin, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Melody N Mickens
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The population of adults age 65 and older is increasing at a faster rate than the rest of the U.S. POPULATION: As such, older adults, particularly those with chronic health conditions and disabilities, will require informal care from today's college-age adults. At present, there is no research examining factors predicting college-age individuals' willingness to provide care for a family member with a chronic condition. The purpose of this study was to examine the pattern of associations among college-age adults' religiosity, family functioning, family values, and willingness to provide care for a family member with a chronic health condition...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561862/a-volunteer-basketball-clinic-for-children-with-disabilities-professional-development-impact-on-student-athletes-and-physical-therapy-students
#16
Peter Altenburger, Anne M Wilson
The purpose of this study was to assess the change in perceptions of student-athletes, physical therapy students, and parents of children who helped to facilitate an athletic skills camp for children with disabilities. Participants experienced 3 hours of basketball activity yearly. Data were collected for 3 consecutive years from a total of 51 parents, 15 student-athletes, and 22 physical therapy students. Pre- and post-survey data were evaluated by two independent researchers. Common themes were developed for all participant groups and cross-group comparisons were evaluated...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548874/the-role-of-the-school-nurse-in-the-special-education-process-part-2-eligibility-determination-and-the-individualized-education-program
#17
Robin Adair Shannon, Catherine Falusi Yonkaitis
This is the second of two articles outlining the professional school nurse's role in the special education process for students with disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities in Education Improvement Act of 2004 mandates the special education process: identification, full and individual evaluation, eligibility determination, and development of the individual education program (IEP), including special education placement. Part 1 focused on the importance of the school nurse's role in student identification, response to intervention, and the full and individual evaluation...
May 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547011/the-effect-of-visual-variability-on-the-learning-of-academic-concepts
#18
Ashley Bourgoyne, Mary Alt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of variability of visual input on development of conceptual representations of academic concepts for college-age students with normal language (NL) and those with language-learning disabilities (LLD). Method: Students with NL (n = 11) and LLD (n = 11) participated in a computer-based training for introductory biology course concepts. Participants were trained on half the concepts under a low-variability condition and half under a high-variability condition...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544583/improving-the-occupational-skills-of-students-with-intellectual-disability-by-applying-video-prompting-combined-with-dance-pads
#19
Mei-Lan Lin, Ming-Shan Chiang, Ching-Hsiang Shih, Meng-Fang Li
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are prone to inattention, are slow in learning and reaction, and have deficits in memory skills. Providing proper vocational education and training for individuals with intellectual disability is able to enhance their occupational skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study applied video prompting to provide instructional prompts to help participants accurately perform an assigned occupational activity. A control system installed with developed software was used to turn a standard dance pad into a sensor to detect the participants' standing position and to automatically trigger video prompting...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544451/protection-and-restriction-a-mixed-methods-study-of-self-reported-well-being-among-youth-with-intellectual-disabilities
#20
Petra Boström, Malin Broberg
BACKGROUND: As most mental health studies of school-aged children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are based on proxy ratings, the subjective views of these young persons are rarely explored. The present study explores experiences of well-being, mental ill-health, family, school, and peer relations in students in special education. METHODS: Ten students in special education, aged 13-16 years, answered the Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire (WellSEQ) and participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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