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students with disabilities

Abdullah Turhan, Simone Onrust, Peter Ten Klooster, Marcel Pieterse
AIMS: To test effectiveness of the Healthy School and Drugs (HSD) program on tobacco and alcohol use in Dutch secondary special education (SE) schools, and whether this depends on subtypes of SE-schools and the level of implementation. DESIGN: In a quasi-experimental design with baseline and post-treatment follow-up 35 classes (N = 363) were allocated arbitrarily or depending on teacher motivation to either intervention condition (N = 205) or usual curriculum (N = 158)...
October 21, 2016: Addiction
Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Elizabeth S Norton, Georgios Sideridis, Sara D Beach, Maryanne Wolf, John D E Gabrieli, Nadine Gaab
Research suggests that early identification of developmental dyslexia is important for mitigating the negative effects of dyslexia, including reduced educational attainment and increased socioemotional difficulties. The strongest pre-literacy predictors of dyslexia are rapid automatized naming (RAN), phonological awareness (PA), letter knowledge, and verbal short-term memory. The relationship among these constructs has been debated, and several theories have emerged to explain the unique role of each in reading ability/disability...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Science
Bhagya Ranjan Jena, Anil Paswan, Yashpal Singh, Sandeep Loha, Anil Prasad Singh, Virendra Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) is a minimally invasive target-selective technique that has been used with success for many years in the treatment of different pathologies, such as low back pain, trigeminal neuralgia, and others. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare different mode of RF - continuous RF (CRF) versus pulsed RF (PRF) along with steroid in the management of low back pain of discogenic origin. SETTING AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind trial...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
(no author information available yet)
Are occupational therapists (OTs) the key to tackling obesity in people with learning disabilities? Rebecca Haythorne, an OT student says the profession can play a crucial role by providing health promotion, education and bespoke exercise routines. OTs must urge carers to collaborate with the person in their care to help them become independent and develop the skills to gain control of their weight.
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Tara Lally
In my final year of learning disability nursing at Queen's University Belfast, I travelled to Romania with a team of nursing students for our 4-week elective placement.
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Jamie Valis, Michelle Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Previous literature suggests that individuals with disabilities have increased rates of obesity and decreased participation in physical activity contributing to overall higher incidence of secondary health conditions compared to the general population without disabilities. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this research study was to examine the differences in physical activity rates for college students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Learning Disabilities (LD)...
September 13, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Wei-Shan Tsao, Hsi-Pao Hsieh, Yi-Ting Chuang, Min-Muh Sheu
PURPOSE: Students with cognitive impairment are at increased risk of suffering from visual impairment due to refractive errors and ocular disease, which can adversely influence learning and daily activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ocular and visual status among students at the special education school in Hualien. METHODS: All students at the National Hualien Special Education School were evaluated. Full eye examinations were conducted by a skilled ophthalmologist...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Amy Luckowski
AIM: This qualitative study utilizes Moustakas's psychological phenomenology to explore the lived experiences in the clinical setting of nursing students with disabilities. BACKGROUND: Overall, the numbers of college students with disabilities are increasing, and more students with disabilities are being admitted into nursing programs. METHOD: A purposive sample of 13 junior and senior baccalaureate nursing students with self-declared disabilities from two Northeastern baccalaureate nursing programs were interviewed...
September 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
L Giangregorio, R El-Kotob
A fracture occurs when the applied load is greater than the bone can withstand. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of osteoporosis include recommendations for exercise; one of the few therapies where the proposed anti-fracture mechanisms that include effects on both bone strength and applied loads, where applied loads can come in the form of a fall, externally applied loads, body weight, or muscle forces. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the clinical evidence pertaining to the potential efficacy of exercise for preventing fractures in older adults, including its direct effects on outcomes along the causal pathway to fractures (e...
October 13, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Ann-Catherine Sullivan
The purpose of this study was to (a) identify potential benefits for students with disabilities taking part in a physical activity program with same-age typical peers on a Midwest university campus and (b) to determine if the program impacted the students with disabilities empowerment. Empowerment theory was used to determine how transition students' attitudes change over the course of the semester while participating in a workout buddy program with same-age college peers. The program was structured to provide a sense of empowerment to students to make their own decisions and learn for themselves so they do not feel a lack of power in their lives...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Andrzej Maciejczak, Katarzyna Jabłońska-Sudoł
BACKGROUND: Pelvic balance is a version of the pelvis defined by pelvic orientation parameters of PT and SS. Two distinct versions of pelvis are defined: (1) balanced characterized by a relatively low PT and high SS, and (2) unbalanced with relatively high PT and low SS meaning excessive retroversion of the pelvis. It was proved for patients with a high-grade spondylolisthesis that rebalancing of the pelvis can positively affect clinical outcomes. Little is known about the impact of such rebalancing in low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis...
October 11, 2016: European Spine Journal
Antoine Tanet, Annik Hubert-Barthelemy, Graciela C Crespin, Nicolas Bodeau, David Cohen, Catherine Saint-Georges
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who also exhibit severe-to-moderate ranges of intellectual disability (ID) still face many challenges (i.e., less evidence-based trials, less inclusion in school with peers). METHODS: We implemented a novel model called the "Developmental and Sequenced One-to-One Educational Intervention" (DS1-EI) in 5- to 9-year-old children with co-occurring ASD and ID. The treatment protocol was adapted for school implementation by designing it using an educational agenda...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
José Manuel Garcia-Dominguez, Delicias Muñoz, Marta Comellas, Irmina Gonzalbo, Luis Lizán, Carlos Polanco Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To assess disease-modifying therapy (DMT) preferences in a population of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to estimate the association between sociodemographic and clinical factors and these preferences. METHODS: Preferences for DMTs attributes were measured using a discrete choice experiment. Analysis of preferences was assessed using mixed-logit hierarchical Bayes regression. A multilinear regression was used to evaluate the association between the preferences for each attribute and patients' demographic and clinical characteristics...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Denise E Doomernik, Harry van Goor, Jan G M Kooloos, Richard P Ten Broek
The Radboud University Medical Center has a problem-based, learner-oriented, horizontally, and vertically integrated medical curriculum. Anatomists and clinicians have noticed students' decreasing anatomical knowledge and the disability to apply knowledge in diagnostic reasoning and problem solving. In a longitudinal cohort, the retention of anatomical knowledge gained during the first year of medical school among second-year medical students was assessed. In May 2011, 346 medical students applied for the second-year gastro-intestinal (GI) tract course...
October 5, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
Gerard J Garvan, Cynthia W Garvan, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The importance of educating dental students in cultural competence has been widely emphasized, but there is a need to assess cultural competence in a consistent and reliable way. The aims of this study were to determine latent constructs for the initial measure of cultural competence for oral health providers, the Knowledge, Efficacy, and Practices Instrument (KEPI), and to determine how well these factors related to previously identified latent constructs. Data were collected in surveys of dental students and from dental hygiene, dental assisting, and dental faculty members in 44 academic dental institutions from 2012 to 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Gerald I Isiekwe, Oyinkan O Sofola, Olanrewaju O Onigbogi, Ifeoma L Utomi, Oluwatosin O Sanu, Oluranti O daCosta
INTRODUCTION: Dental esthetics affects how people are perceived by society and how they perceive themselves, and this may also affect their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The aim of this study was to compare the impacts of self-perceived and normatively assessed dental esthetics on the OHRQoL of a young adult population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 375 undergraduate university students, aged 18 to 30 years old...
October 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Paulo Tan, Erna Alant
This study employed an A-B singled subject design to explore the extent to which a peer-mediated intervention supported a first-grade student with autism's usage both in purpose and frequency of a speech-generating device (SGD) during mathematics activities. The intervention involved teaching a peer without a disability to encourage the student with autism to use the SGD during partnered mathematics activities. Our analysis involved visual and descriptive examination of trends and patterns over time, and comparison of means between and within phases...
October 3, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Brian R Bryant, Soonhwa Seok
In the nearly 30 years since the passage of the Technology-Related Assistance to Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988, technology-mediated instruction has been implemented successfully with both students without disabilities and students with a range of disabilities to help them meet the demands of instruction. In this special issue of Assistive Technology, a number of noted scholars contribute research findings designed to add to the growing body of knowledge validating the use of assistive and instructional technology in the classroom...
September 30, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Samantha Cazzell, Christopher H Skinner, Dennis Ciancio, Kathleen Aspiranti, Tiffany Watson, Kala Taylor, Merilee McCurdy, Amy Skinner
A concurrent multiple-baseline across-tasks design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of a computer flash-card sight-word recognition intervention with elementary-school students with intellectual disability. This intervention allowed the participants to self-determine each response interval and resulted in both participants acquiring previously unknown words across all word sets. Discussion focuses on the need to evaluate and compare computer flash-card sight-word recognition interventions with fixed and self-determined response intervals across students and dependent variables, including rates of inappropriate behavior and self-determination in students with intellectual disability...
September 29, 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
Nathane Sanches Marques Silva, Patrícia Abreu Pinheiro Crenitte
Purpose: To assess the applicability of an intervention program to children at risk for reading disabilities. Methods: This experimental study compared 10 children at risk for reading difficulty submitted to a phonological decoding intervention program (study group) with 10 other children at risk for reading difficulty not submitted to the program (control group). The intervention program was based on two international studies. It comprised 24 sessions: the first 12 sessions were conducted with groups of two to three children, whereas the others were performed individually...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
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