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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139567/effectiveness-of-an-oral-health-educational-intervention-for-individuals-with-special-health-care-needs-from-a-southern-brazilian-city
#1
Andreia Drawanz Hartwig, Vanessa Müller Stüermer, Ivam Freire da Silva-Júnior, Lisandrea Rocha Schardosim, Marina Sousa Azevedo
AIM: To assess the effects of an oral health education strategy targeted at students with disabilities. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study included students aged 7 to 24 years. The intervention was conducted for 5 weeks and divided into 2 phases: (1) comprising supervised toothbrushing and educational activities to students; (2) verbal oral health instructions and oral hygiene demonstration targeted at the caregivers. A clinical examination was conducted to evaluate the dental debris and gingival bleeding before the intervention, and the Wilcoxon test was performed after phase 1 and 2 for comparisons between paired samples...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135430/impact-of-a-fieldwork-experience-on-attitudes-toward-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#2
Allison Sullivan, Rochelle Mendonca
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the effects of curriculum activities on changing attitudes of health professional students toward people with intellectual disabilities (IDs). METHOD: A nonrandomized, pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were college students assigned to one of three groups: two groups of students from different years in the occupational therapy program and one group of public health students. Each group completed the Attitudes Toward Intellectual Disabilities Questionnaire before and after each intervention...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134483/evaluating-the-impact-of-dyslexia-laws-on-the-identification-of-specific-learning-disability-and-dyslexia
#3
B Anne Barber Phillips, Timothy N Odegard
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that impacts word reading accuracy and/or reading fluency. Over half of the states in the USA have passed legislation intended to promote better identification of individuals with dyslexia. To date, no study has been conducted to investigate the potential impact of state laws on the identification of specific learning disability (SLD), and limited data has been presented on the rate at which students in public school settings are identified with dyslexia. The first aim of the current study was to determine if any detectable changes in the identification rates of SLD have occurred in states implementing dyslexia laws because most states do not report number of students identified as dyslexic but rather those students identified with an SLD...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123370/assessing-hand-hygiene-compliance-among-healthcare-workers-in-six-intensive-care-units
#4
REVIEW
M Musu, A Lai, N M Mereu, M Galletta, M Campagna, M Tidore, M F Piazza, L Spada, M V Massidda, S Colombo, P Mura, R C Coppola
Introduction: Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are a cause of high morbidity, disability and reduced quality of life, as well as mortality and rising costs for health systems. Preventing the HAI risk by planning and implementing effective preventive strategies is important to safeguard patient health. Methods: The study aimed to evaluate the presence of procedures and protocols for infection control, to assess the adhesion to the different aspects of hand hygiene (HH) and hand washing technique by healthcare workers in six ICUs...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120208/university-students-perceived-need-for-mental-health-services-a-study-of-variables-related-to-not-seeking-help
#5
Sara Nash, Meggen Sixbey, Sunghee An, Ana Puig
This study analyzed data from the 2012 Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) survey, collected from undergraduate students at 9 universities. Researchers explored how demographic and behavioral variables related to avoidance of psychological help when needed. A total of 7,992 SERU participants responded to target items included in the present study. We examined whether student characteristics and behaviors differed between 3 self-report groups: (1) students who indicated they did not need counseling services; (2) students who reported needing counseling services, but not using them; and (3) students who reported using counseling services at least once during the 2012 academic year...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118982/uneven-distribution-of-professors-and-instructors-in-medical-disciplines-dealing-with-the-four-main-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-the-italian-universities
#6
Giovanni Viegi, Stefano Centanni, Francesco Blasi
Background: Chronic (non-communicable) diseases (NCD) -- principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes -- are leading causes of death and disability. There is the need to adopt a core University curriculum which let students be taught by teachers who are experts of the four main NCD, for reaching the public health goals proposed by the UN and the WHO. Methods: Our aim was to assess whether all medical students, regardless of the Italian university of enrolment, have an equal opportunity to be educated by an expert teacher in each of the four NCD...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114555/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-emotion-regulation-and-test-anxiety-in-female-high-school-students
#7
Shokooh Shahidi, Hossein Akbari, Fatemeh Zargar
BACKGROUND: Test anxiety is one of the most disabling disorders and annual school academic performance will affect millions of students. Hence, it needs attention and treatment. Therefore, this research aimed to examine the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) therapy on emotion regulation and test anxiety of students and test the remaining effect of this treatment after 3 month. METHODS: Sample size of fifty participants randomly divided into experimental (MBSR) and control groups...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114506/correlations-among-visual-analogue-scale-neck-disability-index-shoulder-joint-range-of-motion-and-muscle-strength-in-young-women-with-forward-head-posture
#8
Young Jun Shin, Won Hyo Kim, Seong Gil Kim
This study investigated the correlation between the neck disability index (NDI) and visual analogue scale (VAS), which are indicators of neck pain, shoulder joint range of motion (ROM), and muscle strength in women with a slight forward head posture. This study was carried out on 42 female college students attending Uiduk University in Gyeongju, Korea. The neck pain and disability index for each subject was measured using VAS and NDI, respectively. Two physiotherapists measured the shoulder joint ROM and muscle strengths of the subjects using a goniometer and a dynamometer, respectively...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107762/major-depression-prevention-effects-for-a-cognitive-behavioral-adolescent-indicated-prevention-group-intervention-across-four-trials
#9
Paul Rohde, Frédéric N Brière, Eric Stice
Major depressive disorder (MDD) in young people is a leading cause of disability but most depressed youth are not treated, emphasizing the need for effective prevention. Our goal is to synthesize MDD onset prevention effects for the Blues Program, a brief cognitive-behavioral (CB) indicated prevention group, by merging data from four trials (three of which included CB bibliotherapy) and conducting an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. Data were available from 766 high school/college students (M age = 16...
October 31, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104930/brain-and-behavioral-assessment-of-executive-functions-for-self-regulating-levels-of-language-in-reading-brain
#10
Virginia W Berninger, Todd L Richards, Robert D Abbott
This brief research report examines brain-behavioral relationships specific to levels of language in the complex reading brain. The first specific aim was to examine prior findings for significant fMRI connectivity from four seeds (left precuneus, left occipital temporal, left supramarginal, left inferior frontal) for each of four levels of language-subword, word (word-specific spelling or affixed words), syntax (with and without homonym foils or affix foils), and multi-sentence text to identify significant fMRI connectivity (a) unique to the lower level of language when compared to the immediately higher adjacent level of language across subword-word, word-syntax, and syntax-text comparisons; and (b) involving a brain region associated with executive functions...
November 2017: Journal of Nature and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099993/-self-perceived-work-disability-in-a-school-of-children-with-special-needs
#11
Mª Del Mar Seguí Crespo, Mª Isabel Martínez Gracia, Mª José Molina Torres, José Mª Ramada Rodilla
AIMS: Increased psychosocial and physical demands of the Special Education Centers (SEC) workers can also lead to intense involvement, triggering stressful and to trigger stress situations and potentially work disability. The objective of this study was to assess the self-perceived occupational disability and its relation with socio-demographic, occupational and health variables with in a sample of this these workers. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with of 40 SEC workers of in Murcia (Spain) (n = 40)...
October 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097180/student-veterans-reintegrating-from-the-military-to-the-university-with-traumatic-injuries-how-does-service-use-relate-to-health-status
#12
Christine A Elnitsky, Cara Blevins, Jan Warren Findlow, Tabitha Alverio, Dennis Wiese
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of campus services on the health of veterans with traumatic injuries and comorbidities as they return from military service and enter college. DESIGN: Cross-sectional internet survey using a mixed-methods analysis approach. SETTING: A four-year urban research university in the southeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a survey of 127 veterans returning from active military duty...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096523/prevalence-and-correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-in-secondary-school-children-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#13
Asaduzzaman Khan, Rushdia Ahmed, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVES: Depression is a leading contributor to the global burden of disease, and often starts at a young age. Depression in young people can increase the risk of unhealthy lifestyle behaviour and can lead to substantial disability, social problems, poor health, and suicide. Other research has examined depressive symptoms among adult populations in Bangladesh, but little is known about other age groups. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of depressive symptoms among secondary school children of Dhaka city, Bangladesh...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095383/automated-external-defibrillators-in-high-schools-disparities-persist-despite-legislation
#14
Matthew D Thornton, Mark X Cicero, Megan E McCabe, Lei Chen
OBJECTIVES: Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) have demonstrated increased survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and their prevalence continues to rise. In 2009, Connecticut passed a legislation requiring all schools to have an AED, barring financial barriers. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine if this legislation was associated with an increase in Connecticut high school AEDs and (2) to detect disparities in the availability of AEDs based on school type, student demographics, and school size...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095322/the-impact-of-the-endovascular-treatment-of-cerebral-aneurysms-on-headaches
#15
Mitra Assadi, Mandy Binning, Kenneth Liebman, Erol Veznedaroglu
OBJECTIVE: The co-occurrence of headaches and cerebral aneurysms is common in clinical practice, although a clear causal relationship has not been ascertained. We aimed to investigate the impact of endovascular obliteration of aneurysms on headaches using a cross-sectional, prospective, open-label protocol. We also sought to characterize the preexisting headaches in patients harboring cerebral aneurysms using the International Classification of Headache Disorders criteria. METHODS: A total of 33 patients were recruited into the study and underwent endovascular treatment for obliteration of their aneurysms...
November 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093765/text-based-vocabulary-intervention-training-study-supporting-fourth-graders-with-low-reading-comprehension-and-learning-disabilities
#16
Michael Solís, Nancy Scammacca, Amy E Barth, Garrett J Roberts
This experimental study examined the effectiveness of a text-based reading and vocabulary intervention with self-regulatory supports for 4(th) graders with low reading comprehension. Students with standard scores on the Gates MacGinitie Reading Test between 1.0 standard deviation (SD) and 0.5 SD below the normative sample were included (N=44) and randomly assigned to treatment condition (n=25) or no treatment comparison condition (n=19). Researchers provided the intervention to students in groups of approximately 2-3 students for eight 30 minute sessions...
2017: Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080434/potential-and-challenges-for-learning-during-acute-medical-surgical-placement-for-intellectual-disability-mental-health-and-midwifery-students
#17
Jane Mc Carthy, Margaret M Graham, Dympna Tuohy, Brid O'Brien, Anne Fahy, Therese Hennessy, Deirdre O'Sullivan, Kathleen Markey
In Ireland nursing and midwifery degree programmes involve four pathways to registration. Three of which, intellectual disability and mental health nursing and midwifery require students to undertake acute medical/surgical placements offering learning opportunities caring for patients with complex needs in settings beyond their core discipline. This paper focuses on findings from a descriptive qualitative study exploring intellectual disability and mental health nursing and midwifery students experiences of such placements...
October 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080033/challenges-and-successful-pedagogical-strategies-experiences-from-six-swedish-students-with-blindness-and-autism-in-different-school-settings
#18
Kim de Verdier, Elisabeth Fernell, Ulla Ek
The prevalence of autism in children with blindness is much higher than in the general population. There are many challenges regarding the school situation for children with this complex dual disability. This study explored challenges and successful strategies in school for a sample of six Swedish children with blindness and autism, with and without intellectual disability, through qualitative interviews with students, teachers and parents. All students displayed executive functioning deficits, and the teaching situation entailed several challenges...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072479/postsecondary-students-with-psychiatric-disabilities-identify-core-services-and-key-ingredients-to-supporting-education-goals
#19
Kathleen Biebel, Raphael Mizrahi, Heather Ringeisen
OBJECTIVE: Accessing and successfully completing postsecondary educational opportunities may be challenging for those living with psychiatric disabilities. This exploratory study highlights the experiences of individuals with psychiatric disabilities participating in postsecondary educational support initiatives. METHOD: Investigators conducted case studies with 3 education support initiatives across the United States. Focus groups revealed what concrete supported education services were helpful and key ingredients in delivering education supports...
October 26, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069695/-oral-health-in-children-and-adolescents-with-mental-disability-and-psycho-emotional-disorders-from-lower-saxony-and-thuringia
#20
Ina Manuela Schüler, Marco Dziwak, Kirsten Schmied, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Aim This study aimed to compare the oral health status of 6-16 year old pupils with mental disability (MD) and psycho-emotional disorders (PED) from Lower Saxony (LS) and Thuringia (TH). Methods Oral examination was provided for 571 pupils with MD from TH, 118 students with MD and 80 students with PED from LS. Caries experience, odontogenic infections, fissure sealants and periodontal health were recorded. Data were statistically analysed by linear and binary logistic regression after adjusting for age. Results Students with PED revealed highest caries prevalence and experience in both dentitions with highest prevalence of odontogenic infections in the primary dentition...
October 25, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
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