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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783250/-signifuing-resident-of-the-city-poltava-at-the-expense-of-signs-stroke-risk-factors-and-urgent-measures-according-to-medico-social-survey
#1
Anzhelina M Kryvchun, Nataliia V Lytvynenko, Viktoriia A Pinchuk, Galyna Ya Sylenko, Viktoriia M Gladka
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The problem of cerebrovascular diseases and their most severe form - cerebral stroke is one of the most pressing problems in modern medicine due to the high level of lethality, significant disability of patients. The aim: To assess and increase the sign of residents of the city Poltava at the expense of signs of stroke, its risk factors for emergence and emergency measures for stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: During the annual social event dedicated to the World Stroke Day, on October 27, 2017, a survey of 981 people in Poltava city was conducted by volunteer students and staff of the Department of Nervous Diseases with Neurosurgery and Medical Genetics of "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782230/minimizing-restraint-and-seclusion-in-schools-a-response-to-beaudoin-and-moore
#2
Virginia L Walker, Sarah E Pinkelman
Increasing efforts have been made in the field of special education to identify positive, evidence-based practices (EBPs) to meet the needs of students who engage in problem behavior, with a major goal being to eliminate or limit the use of reactive measures such as restraint and seclusion ( Snell & Walker, 2014 ). Various stakeholders, including families and self-advocates, have voiced concerns about the dangers of restraint and seclusion and the lack of protection afforded to students who engage in severe problem behavior...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779424/current-evidence-on-the-effects-of-intensive-early-reading-interventions
#3
Jeanne Wanzek, Elizabeth A Stevens, Kelly J Williams, Nancy Scammacca, Sharon Vaughn, Katherine Sargent
Many students at risk for or identified with reading disabilities need intensive reading interventions. This meta-analysis provides an update to the Wanzek and Vaughn synthesis on intensive early reading interventions. Effects from 25 reading intervention studies are analyzed to examine the overall effect of intensive early reading interventions as well as relationships between intervention and student characteristics related to outcomes. The weighted mean effect size (ES) estimate (ES = 0.39), with a mean effect size adjusted for publication bias (ES = 0...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771141/headache-comorbidities-and-lifestyle-in-an-adolescent-population-the-teens-study
#4
Marta Torres-Ferrus, Carme Vila-Sala, Manuel Quintana, Sara Ajanovic, Victor José Gallardo, Juan Bernardo Gomez, José Alvarez-Sabin, Alfons Macaya, Patricia Pozo-Rosich
Objective To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of headache and its relationship with comorbidities and lifestyle in a teenage population. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Data was collected from students aged 12-18 years from six different schools in Catalonia, Spain. They completed an anonymous questionnaire with demographic, lifestyle, medical data, presence of recurrent headaches and its features, and completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. We defined probable migraine if headache presented ≥ 3 ICHD-3 beta criteria for migraine...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769483/association-between-serum-apolipoprotein-b-and-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#5
M S Islam, M J Uddin, M Bhattacharjee, M N Farzana, R K Talukder, M A Rahman, M Mohsin, M A Rouf, H Pandit, M R Karim, R Ara, S Akhter, G Saha, M Oliullah, M S Ali, R Parveen
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in developed as well as developing countries like Bangladesh. There is a crucial need to identify additional risk factors that are easily measurable and treatable in general population. Role of serum lipids, lipoproteins and lipoprotein related variables in the prediction of stroke is less clear. Abnormalities in plasma lipoproteins are the most firmly established and best understood risk factors for atherosclerosis and they are probable risk factors for ischaemic stroke, largely by their link to atherosclerosis...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764297/identifying-dyslexia-risk-for-sport-related-concussion-management-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-self-report-and-rapid-naming
#6
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses. METHODS: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758387/exploring-the-impact-of-disability-on-self-determination-measurement
#7
Cristina Mumbardó-Adam, Joan Guàrdia-Olmos, Climent Giné
BACKGROUND: Self-determination is a psychological construct that applies to both the general population and to individuals with disabilities that can be self-determined with adequate accommodations and opportunities. As the relevance of self-determination-related skills in life has been recently acknowledged, researchers have created a measure to assess self-determination in adolescents and young adults with and without disabilities. The Self-Determination Inventory: Student Report (Spanish interim version) is empirically being validated into Spanish...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755056/therapeutic-recreation-in-the-public-schools-a-community-partnership
#8
Frederick Green, Christopher Brown, Evelyn Gordon, Deborah Martin
BACKGROUND: In 2002, the University of Southern Mississippi's Therapeutic Recreation Program and the Hattiesburg (MS) Public School District's Department of Exceptional Children and Health Services formed a partnership that has lasted (off and on) for 15 years. METHODS: The partnership was formed based on a shared mission of education and training, and grew in depth based on reciprocated respect and support. RESULTS: Early collaborative efforts included simple programming efforts that provided health and educational benefits for the students with disabilities in the public schools and training for the future professionals in therapeutic recreation at the university...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744704/autism-and-the-university-experience-narratives-from-students-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#9
Yasamine Bolourian, Sasha M Zeedyk, Jan Blacher
Relatively limited research has been devoted to understanding the postsecondary experience from the students' perspectives. In the current study, individual interviews were conducted with university students with autism spectrum disorder (n = 13) and students with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (n = 18) to investigate likely factors impeding meaningful postsecondary experiences. Through an iterative coding process, nine themes were identified, and direct narratives exemplifying each are included...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740563/motor-proficiency-differences-among-students-with-intellectual-disabilities-autism-and-developmental-disability
#10
Bogja Jeoung
There is considerable overlap in the manifestations of intellectual disability, autism, and developmental disability. We aimed to determine whether students with such disabilities have differences in their motor proficiency. We compared the motor proficiency of 82 students (age, 11 to 20 years) with different severities of intellectual disability (borderline, 11 students; mild, 27 students; moderate, 19 students), developmental disability (15 students), or autism (10 students). The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second edition was used to assess motor skills...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733443/covert-verbal-mediation-in-arbitrary-matching-to-sample
#11
Carl T Sundberg, Mark L Sundberg, Jack Michael
Covert verbal mediation was examined in an arbitrary matching-to-sample (MTS) preparation with a high-verbal group (college students) and a low-verbal group (adults with intellectual disabilities). Arbitrary relations were established between nonsense words, visual symbols, objects, and hand signs. Task difficulty was balanced for the groups based on errors during acquisition. All participants experienced a hand sign condition, and three MTS conditions each with a unique configuration of the comparison array: fixed location, random location, and all symbols the same...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731728/non-cognitive-characteristics-of-gifted-students-with-learning-disabilities-an-in-depth-systematic-review
#12
Else Beckmann, Alexander Minnaert
Gifted students who also have learning disabilities (G/LD) are often overlooked when students are assessed either for giftedness or specific learning disabilities. The cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics of these G/LD students are habitually discussed only briefly alongside identification and intervention issues and, beyond that, the relevance of non-cognitive characteristics is often left unconsidered. Accordingly, this study aims to conduct an in-depth review of the non-cognitive characteristics of these students for identification and intervention purposes...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719644/contrast-sensitivity-abnormalities-in-deaf-individuals
#13
Masoud Khorrami-Nejad, Javad Heravian, Farshad Askarizadeh, Davood Sobhani-Rad
Purpose: Hearing impaired children are heavily dependent on their sense of vision to develop efficient communication skills; any contrast sensitivity defect can negatively impact their lives because they are not able to use auditory stimuli to recognize probable dangers in the world around them. The purpose of this study was to determine the contrast sensitivity abnormalities in deaf individuals. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, contrast sensitivity of 15- to 20-year-old high-school boys with hearing disability from Tehran, Iran were evaluated...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700873/an-examination-of-perceptions-of-individuals-with-an-intellectual-disability-with-and-without-co-morbid-schizophrenia-effects-of-labels-on-stigma
#14
A R Rasdale, D M Warman, P L Phalen
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates negative perceptions of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) and individuals with schizophrenia, but no study has examined ID with a co-morbid psychiatric disorder. The present study examined the social distance desired from and perceptions of dangerousness of ID, schizophrenia and co-morbid schizophrenia and ID and examined the impact of providing a label for the behaviours presented in a vignette. METHODS: A total of 160 participants, all university students, were randomly assigned to one of six vignettes detailing a person with schizophrenia, ID, or a person with both presenting problems...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699532/the-impact-of-completing-upper-secondary-education-a-multi-state-model-for-work-education-and-health-in-young-men
#15
Rune Hoff, Karina Corbett, Ingrid S Mehlum, Ferdinand A Mohn, Petter Kristensen, Therese N Hanvold, Jon M Gran
BACKGROUND: Completing upper secondary education is associated with higher work participation and less health-related absence from work. Although these outcomes are closely interrelated, most studies focus on single outcomes, using cross-sectional designs or short follow-up periods. As such, there is limited knowledge of the long-term outcomes, and how paths for completers and non-completers unfold over time. In this paper, we use multi-state models for time-to-event data to assess the long-term effects of completing upper secondary education on employment, tertiary education, sick leave, and disability pension over twelve and a half years for young men...
April 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697881/the-dsm-5-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-among-incoming-college-students-prevalence-and-associations-with-12-month-mental-disorders-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors
#16
Glenn Kiekens, Penelope Hasking, Laurence Claes, Philippe Mortier, Randy P Auerbach, Mark Boyes, Pim Cuijpers, Koen Demyttenaere, Jennifer G Green, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock, Ronny Bruffaerts
BACKGROUND: Approximately one in five college students report a history of nonsuicidal self-injury. However, it is unclear how many students meet criteria for the recently proposed DSM-5 nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI-D). In this study, we used full NSSI-D criteria to identify those students most in need of clinical care. METHODS: Using data from the Leuven College Surveys (n = 4,565), we examined the 12-month prevalence of DSM-5 NSSI-D in a large and representative sample of incoming college students...
April 26, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685066/inclusive-university-experience-in-australia-perspectives-of-students-with-intellectual-disability-and-their-mentors
#17
Fiona Rillotta, Jillian Arthur, Claire Hutchinson, Parimala Raghavendra
Inclusive post-secondary education (PSE) delivers positive personal, social and academic outcomes. However, there is limited support for students with intellectual disability (ID) to participate in higher education, particularly in Australia. This study investigated the expectations and experiences of students with ID in an inclusive individual support PSE programme. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with students ( n = 4) and peer mentors ( n = 6) at the beginning and end of one academic semester. Participants were asked about inclusive practices, goal attainment, mentoring experiences and skill development...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684667/demographics-and-socioeconomic-status-as-predictors-of-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Amani Jambhekar, Amy Maselli, Shawn Robinson, Krystyna Kabata, Piotr Gorecki
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have established that race and socioeconomic factors may influence weight loss after bariatric surgery. Few studies have focused on laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The objective of this study is to determine if demographic factors may predict postoperative weight loss following LSG. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on 713 consecutive primary LSG operations performed with the same technique between February 2010 and May 2016 by a single surgeon (PG) were analyzed...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684024/crystallized-and-fluid-intelligence-of-university-students-with-intellectual-disability-who-are-fully-integrated-versus-those-who-studied-in-adapted-enrichment-courses
#19
Hefziba Lifshitz, Jay Verkuilen, Shlomit Shnitzer-Meirovich, Carmit Altman
BACKGROUND: Inclusion of people with intellectual disability (ID) in higher postsecondary academic education is on the rise. However, there are no scientific criteria for determining the eligibility for full inclusion of students with ID in university courses. This study focuses on two models of academic inclusion for students with ID: (a) separate adapted enrichment model: students with ID study in separate enrichment courses adapted to their level; (b) full inclusion model: students with ID are included in undergraduate courses, receive academic credits and are expected to accumulate the amount of credits for a B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682853/prosocial-vs-antisocial-coping-and-general-life-satisfaction-of-youth-with-mild-intellectual-disability
#20
P Kurtek
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to find differences in general life satisfaction in adolescents with mild intellectual disability (MID) with respect to exhibiting a prosocial or an antisocial coping style. According to the ecological approach, using the antisocial style in a competitive school environment (a zero-sum game) may increase personal satisfaction, while in the family, which operates on the principles of 'common good' or 'common failure' (a non-zero-sum game), the antisocial style may reduce general satisfaction of the individual...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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