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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440252/adjustment-to-acquired-vision-loss-in-adults-presenting-for-visual-disability-certification
#1
Aditya Nakade, Jolly Rohatgi, Manjeet S Bhatia, Upreet Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: Rehabilitation of the visually disabled depends on how they adjust to loss; understanding contributing factors may help in effective rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess adjustment to acquired vision loss in adults. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This observational study, conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at a tertiary-level teaching hospital, included thirty persons (25-65 years) with <6/60 in the better eye, and vision loss since ≥6-months...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436204/disabled-graduate-entry-medical-student-experience
#2
Simon Tso
BACKGROUND: This study explored the experiences of graduate-entry medicine degree programme students who were disabled on the disclosure of their disability and the challenging disability issues they encountered during their degree programme. METHODS: Eight student volunteers with a disability from the University of Warwick graduate-entry medicine degree programme took part in this study. Audio recordings of their semi-structured interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435913/a-prospective-clinical-study-comparing-mi-tlif-with-unilateral-versus-bilateral-transpedicular-fixation-in-low-grade-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#3
José-Antonio Soriano-Sánchez, Javier Quillo-Olvera, Sergio Soriano-Solis, Miroslava-Elizabeth Soriano-Lopez, Claudia-Angélica Covarrubias-Rosas, Javier Quillo-Reséndiz, Carlos-Francisco Gutiérrez-Partida, Manuel Rodríguez-García
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) has become one of the standard techniques for approaching ipsilateral decompression, anterior column fusion, and posterior stabilization. This procedure is usually accompanied by the placement of bilateral transpedicular screws in the corresponding segment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of unilateral screw fixation compared with bilateral fixation in patients diagnosed with low-grade symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent an MI-TLIF technique...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435555/the-radial-bow-following-square-nailing-in-radius-and-ulna-shaft-fractures-in-adults-and-its-relation-to-disability-and-function
#4
M B Dave, K D Parmar, B A Sachde
One of the points made against nailing in radius and ulna shaft fractures has been the loss of radial bow and its impact on function. The aims of the study were to assess the change in magnitude and location of the radial bow in radius and ulna shaft fractures treated with intramedullary square nails and to assess the impact of this change on functional outcome, patient reported disability and the range of motion of the forearm. We measured the magnitude of radial bow and its location in the operated extremity and compared it to the uninjured side in 32 adult patients treated with intramedullary square nailing for radius and ulna shaft fractures at our institute...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428113/impact-of-enjoyment-on-physical-activity-and-health-among-children-with-disabilities-in-schools
#5
Jooyeon Jin, Joonkoo Yun, Stamatis Agiovlasitis
BACKGROUND: Enjoyment in school-based physical activity (PA) programs, such as recess or physical education may be important for promoting children's health, but there is a lack of evidence explaining how enjoyment affects health in children with disabilities. HYPOTHESES: Enjoyment in school-based PA programs will positively influence general health through participating in more daily PA, and this relationship will vary between younger and older children with disabilities...
April 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422626/navigating-the-hidden-curriculum-of-higher-education-for-postsecondary-students-with-intellectual-disabilities
#6
Lucretia A Berg, Tracy Jirikowic, Katie Haerling, Ginger MacDonald
Students with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD) increasingly pursue postsecondary education (PSE). Navigating the hidden curriculum-including meeting prerequisites for PSE and employment, using support systems and community transportation, and carrying out adulthood expectations-is an area of challenge. This exploratory case study examined experiences of students with IDD attending a PSE program and stakeholder perspectives. Thirty-two participants (10 students with IDD, 5 parents or guardians, 4 college administrators, 8 college instructors, 4 occupational therapists, and a transition specialist) were interviewed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422625/characteristics-of-students-receiving-occupational-therapy-services-in-transition-and-factors-related-to-postsecondary-success
#7
Maria M Eismann, Rebecca Weisshaar, Cristina Capretta, Dennis S Cleary, Anne V Kirby, Andrew C Persch
OBJECTIVE: This study had a twofold purpose: (1) identify the characteristics of people with disabilities who received occupational therapy services during their transition to adulthood and (2) determine factors associated with their successful postsecondary transition. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 data. Data analyses include descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression, and simple linear regression...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422619/the-role-of-the-school-nurse-in-the-special-education-process-part-i-student-identification-and-evaluation
#8
Catherine F Yonkaitis, Robin A Shannon
Every U.S. student is entitled to a free and appropriate education. School districts must identify and evaluate any child who they find is unable to engage fully in learning as a participant in the general education curriculum. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 requires that these students be assessed by qualified individuals in any areas that may be impacting learning, including health, vision, hearing, social and emotional status, communicative status, and motor abilities. The school nurse, as the health expert, has an important role to play as a member of the special education team in evaluating whether a student has health concerns that are impacting learning and how health barriers to learning might be reduced...
May 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419501/stakeholders-views-of-the-introduction-of-assistive-technology-in-the-classroom-how-family-centred-is-australian-practice-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
P Karlsson, C Johnston, K Barker
BACKGROUND: With family-centred care widely recognized as a cornerstone for effective assistive technology service provision, the current study was undertaken to investigate to what extent such approaches were used by schools when assistive technology assessments and implementation occurred in the classroom. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, we compare survey results from parents (n = 76), school staff (n = 33) and allied health professionals (n = 65) with experience in the use of high-tech assistive technology...
April 17, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414938/violence-against-children-perpetrated-by-peers-a-cross-sectional-school-based-survey-in-uganda
#10
Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Kelly Clarke, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Eddy Walakira, Sophie Namy, Dipak Naker, Karen Devries
Violence against children by peers is a global public health problem. We aimed to assess factors associated with peer violence victimization among primary school children in Uganda. We conducted multilevel multivariable logistic regression analyses of cross-sectional data from 3706 primary students in 42 Ugandan primary schools. Among primary school students, 29% and 34% had ever experienced physical and emotional violence perpetrated by their peers, respectively. Factors strongly associated with both physical and emotional violence were similar and overlapping, and included exposure to interparental violence, having an attitude supportive of violence against children from school staff, not living with biological parents, working for payment, and higher SDQ score...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402224/temperament-and-social-emotional-difficulties-the-dark-side-of-learning-disabilities
#11
Ilaria Buonomo, Caterina Fiorilli, Maria Angela Geraci, Alessandro Pepe
The authors compared the relations between general psychological difficulties and dimensions of temperament in children with and without learning disability (LD). The main aim was to analyze whether and to what extent children's temperament dimensions contribute to their general psychological difficulties when LD diagnosis, age, and gender are taken into account. Participants were 52 elementary school children 7-11 years old (M age = 8.61 years, SD = 1.21 years). Twenty-six of them had been diagnosed with LD...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395045/the-school-to-prison-pipeline-a-primer-for-social-workers
#12
Susan McCarter
The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) refers to a path from the education system to the juvenile or adult criminal justice system. Over the past two decades, this path has grown significantly, and scholars attribute a myriad of contributing factors to this increase. Each factor has its own impact and consequences, which are covered in detail based on an extensive literature review and macro practice through Race Matters for Juvenile Justice. Prior to the STPP concept, education had largely been considered a protective factor for children and a route to success as opposed to a risk factor or track toward juvenile justice involvement...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393728/behaviours-and-opinions-of-adolescent-students-on-smoking
#13
Özlem Saniye İçmeli, Hatice Türker, Baran Gündoğuş, Merve Çiftci, Ülkü Aka Aktürk
Introduction: Smoking is one of the major causes of preventable diseases, disability and death in the globe and Turkey. In our study, the knowledge of students about smoking addiction and which organ in the body is damaged due to smoking are aimed to be determined. Materials and Methods: Surveys were applied to students of private university preparatory training center on the Anatolian side of Istanbul. In the conducted survey, the questions related with students' demographic characteristics, themselves, their families and friends smoking addiction, the reasons to start smoking, whether they want to quit smoking, whether they try to quit smoking and which of the organs that they know smoking is harmful were asked...
September 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389231/using-a-flipped-classroom-and-the-perspective-of-families-to-teach-medical-students-about-children-with-disabilities-and-special-education
#14
Mary E Sheppard, Nancy Vitalone-Raccaro, Jacqueline M Kaari, Taiwo T Ajumobi
BACKGROUND: The need to teach medical students to care for children with disabilities, work effectively with these patients' families, and collaborate with schools has been well established. Yet, what is not clear is the exact nature of the content to be taught and how medical schools develop the systems and enabling structures required to ensure medical education responds to the needs of children with disabilities and their families. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and assess the efficacy of an educational intervention designed to introduce the topics of special education law and practices and working with parents of children with disabilities into an undergraduate medical education pediatrics course...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387007/preventing-alcohol-exposed-pregnancies-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-self-administered-version-of-project-choices-with-college-students-and-nonstudents
#15
Linda Carter Sobell, Mark B Sobell, Kenneth Johnson, Nicholas Heinecke, Sangeeta Agrawal, Burt Bolton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-exposed pregnancies (AEPs) are a preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities for which many women are at risk. The initial 5-session Project CHOICES intervention was found to prevent AEPs. In the ensuing decade, there have been several additional CHOICES-like studies. The present study, Project Healthy CHOICES, had two objectives: (a) to compare outcomes for students vs. nonstudents; and (b) to test a self-administered mail-based version of the Project CHOICES intervention...
April 7, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383946/understanding-self-report-multidimensional-attitudes-scale-toward-people-with-disabilities-an-exploratory-analysis
#16
Junfei Lu, Ki Hyun Kim
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the factor structure of the Multidimensional Attitudes Scale Toward People With Disabilities (MAS) using participants from South Korea and assess the impact of participants' social desirability on this South Korean version of the MAS (MAS-K). Research Method/Design: One hundred eighty-nine college students without disabilities from 4 universities in South Korea completed an online survey. Among them, 75 were females. Participants completed the MAS-K and a social desirability scale...
April 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380307/how-many-u-s-high-school-students-have-a-foreign-language-reading-disability-reading-without-meaning-and-the-simple-view
#17
Richard L Sparks, Julie Luebbers
Conventional wisdom suggests that students classified as learning disabled will exhibit difficulties with foreign language (FL) learning, but evidence has not supported a relationship between FL learning problems and learning disabilities. The simple view of reading model posits that reading comprehension is the product of word decoding and language comprehension and that there are good readers and 3 types of poor readers-dyslexic, hyperlexic, and garden variety-who exhibit different profiles of strengths and/or deficits in word decoding and language comprehension...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374730/-the-improvement-of-the-abilities-to-maintain-motor-coordination-and-equilibrium-in-the-students-presenting-with-the-functional-disorders-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-by-introducing-the-elements-of-therapeutic-physical-training-into-the-structure-of-academic
#18
L V Kapilevich, K V Davlet'yarova, N A Ovchinnikova
The problem of deterioration of the health status in the university students at present remains as topical as it was before being a major cause of impaired working capacity, disability and/or poor social adaptation of the large number of graduates. It has been proposed to introduce a class of therapeutic physical training (TPT) into the schedule of physical education for the students. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the formation of the skills needed to maintain motor coordination and equilibrium in the students presenting with the functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system (MSS) including scoliosis by the introduction of the elements of therapeutic physical training into their academic schedules...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372489/music-for-all-including-young-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-a-university-environment
#19
Daphne Rickson, Penny Warren
We investigated a continuing education course in creative music making, initiated to promote the inclusion of young people with intellectual disability in a university setting. Despite organizers' attempts to foster diversity within the student cohort, enrolments were almost exclusively from students who had intellectual disability. Being in the university environment, and in a place of higher learning, seemed to be valued by some. However, students' main focus was on group musicking in a dedicated music room rather than interacting with the wider university community...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371910/influence-of-a-short-term-disability-awareness-program-on-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-school-aged-children-in-southern-belize-results-of-a-community-university-partnership
#20
Dawn M Magnusson, Francisco Cal, Jill S Boissonnault
Background.: Little is known about the attitudes of children living in Central America toward people with disabilities or the effectiveness of a disability awareness program in influencing their knowledge and attitudes. Objective.: The study objectives were to evaluate the effectiveness of a disability awareness program in influencing Belizean children's knowledge of and attitudes toward people with disabilities in the immediate short term and to describe the development of a university-community partnership that resulted in the development of a culturally appropriate disability awareness program...
March 22, 2017: Physical Therapy
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