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hydroxylapatite pertussis

S M Thomazzi, M H Souza, A A Melo-Filho, E L Hewlett, A A Lima, R A Ribeiro
Pertussis toxin (Ptx) is a hexameric protein with classical AB architecture produced by Bordetella pertussis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Ptx on migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes to site of inflammation and on cell-dependent edema. Ptx was purified from the supernatant of the culture medium of B. pertussis using hydroxylapatite chromatography and fetuin affinity chromatography. Ptx induced a maximal clustering of Chinese hamster ovary cells at concentrations as low as 0.1 ng/ml...
January 1995: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
J Codina, J Hildebrandt, R Iyengar, L Birnbaumer, R D Sekura, C R Manclark
The final step in a scheme for the purification of the guanine nucleotide- and Mg2+-binding stimulatory regulatory component (Ns) of adenylyl cyclase [adenylate cyclase; ATP pyrophosphate-lyase (cyclizing), EC] from human erythrocyte membranes involves chromatography over hydroxylapatite (HAP) which yields two fractions. The first fraction (HAP I) contains predominantly two peptides that, upon sodium dodecyl sulfate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, migrate with Mr values of 39,000 and 35,000. The second fraction (HAP II) contains predominantly Ns formed of two peptides of Mr 42,000 and 35,000...
July 1983: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Y Sato, J L Cowell, H Sato, D G Burstyn, C R Manclark
The role of the filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and the lymphocytosis-promoting factor hemagglutinin (LPF) in pertussis pathogenesis and immunity is the subject of active investigation. To be certain of their role as protective antigens, the hemagglutinins must be pure and free of each other. This report describes procedures to separate and purify FHA and LPF from the culture supernatant of stationary cultures of Bordetella pertussis Tohama, using hydroxylapatite, haptoglobin-Sepharose, and Sepharose CL-6B filtration chromatography...
July 1983: Infection and Immunity
A Le Dur, R Chaby, L Szabó
Endotoxin prepared from several Bordetella pertussis strains in both immunological phases I and IV gave two lipopolysaccharide peaks (LPS-I and LPS-II) when analyzed on hydroxylapatite columns in a phosphate buffer containing 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate; these lipopolysaccharides, present in the ratio of 2:3, are true endotoxins by both chemical and biological criteria. Endotoxins isolated from Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, and Shigella flexneri gave single lipopolysaccharide peaks when analyzed by the same procedure...
July 1980: Journal of Bacteriology
A A Gureeva, G Iu Grigorian, V O Rybin, N A Pereverzev, I A Lapaeva
The modified method for the isolation and purification of B. pertussis toxin has been proposed. Chromatography with the use of hydroxylapatite and lentil lectin--Sepharose 4B has permitted the isolation of the preparation purified 600 times. Its molecular weight is about 90,000. The preparation has been found to possess leukocytosis-stimulating, histamine-sensitising and hemagglutinating activity. Electrophoretic analysis has revealed that the isolated substance consists of four subunits with molecular weights 28,400, 24,300, 21,800 and 15,200...
July 1986: Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii
T Evans, M L Brown, E D Fraser, J K Northup
Using minor modifications of procedures developed to purify GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins) from rabbit liver, we have purified the major G-proteins present in human placental membranes. One, referred to as Gi, is the major substrate for pertussis toxin-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation and has an alpha-subunit of 41,000 daltons, and beta-subunit of 36,000 and 35,000 daltons, and a gamma-subunit of 10,000 daltons. The other protein, referred to as Gp, was identified by its ability to bind guanine nucleotides specifically with high affinity...
May 25, 1986: Journal of Biological Chemistry
K H Wong, S K Skelton
A procedure that is sufficiently simple and economical for use in clinical and public health laboratories for producing and purifying filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and determining antibodies to this major antigen of Bordetella pertussis in serum is described. High yields of FHA (40 to 80 mg/liter) were obtained in the supernatant by cultivating B. pertussis in modified CL medium. The FHA antigen was separated from pertussis toxin (PT) and other antigens by chromatography on hydroxylapatite. Removal of residual PT activity in the FHA fraction was effected by affinity absorption of PT with Fetuin immobilized to Sepharose 4B...
December 1989: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
P Ibsen, I Heron
The quantitation of pertussis toxin (PT) in two sandwich ELISAs was tested for specificity. The detection of the captured PT was obtained by using either polyspecific rabbit anti Bordetella pertussis serum (RaBp-ELISA) or a monoclonal anti-PT antibody (McaPT-ELISA). No major differences in the estimation of PT in highly purified preparations were noted using either ELISA variants. In contrast, the quantitation of PT in crude extracts of B. pertussis cultures by the RaBp-ELISA was found to be over-estimated and showed greater variability when compared to the McaPT-ELISA...
April 1990: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
M J Im, R P Riek, R M Graham
In the previous paper, we reported the identification of a 74-kDa G-protein that co-purifies with the alpha 1-adrenergic receptor following ternary complex formation. We report here on the purification and characterization of this 74-kDa G-protein (termed Gh) isolated de novo from rat liver membranes. After solubilization of rat liver membranes with the detergent sucrose monolaurate, Gh was isolated by sequential chromatography using heparin-agarose, Ultrogel AcA 34, hydroxylapatite, and heptylamine-Sepharose columns...
November 5, 1990: Journal of Biological Chemistry
L U Tan, R E Fahim, G Jackson, K Phillips, P Wah, D Alkema, G Zobrist, A Herbert, L Boux, P Chong
A novel process for preparing non-pyrogenic toxoids of pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) is described. The process consists of chromatographies on perlite then on hydroxylapatite. Purification yields for PT and FHA are 62 and 68%, respectively. The purification process takes advantage of the novel use of perlite (a filter aid) for the simultaneous purification of PT and FHA. The hydroxylapatite, in addition to removing the remaining contaminants, also concentrates the antigens. The resulting PT and FHA are approximately 95% pure, and are non-pyrogenic as judged by the rabbit pyrogen test...
March 1991: Molecular Immunology
M P Chow, C K Lin, J S Lin, W K Chau, C H Ho, S Y Chen, S H Lee, C H Yung
For the purpose to clarifying the biologically active substance of B. pertussis, we prepared the filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) from culture supernatant of the strain Tohama phase I and purified it through chromatography columns of hydroxylapatite, fetuin-Sepharose 4B and Sepharose CL 6B. There are several bands appeared in the polyacrylamide gel after SDS-PAGE, especially between 98 kD and 210 kD. The amount of 210 kD component is not proportional to hemagglutination (HA) activity of FHA among five different lots...
November 1991: Zhonghua Minguo Wei Sheng Wu Ji Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
J L Blank, A H Ross, J H Exton
Plasma membranes from bovine liver contain a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate-specific phospholipase C (PLC) activity that is activated by guanine nucleotides. The G-proteins involved retained their ability to activate bovine brain PLC-beta 1 in a guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (GTP gamma S)-dependent manner following extraction from the membranes with cholate and reconstitution with phospholipids. This reconstitution assay was used to purify the G-proteins by chromatography on heparin-Sepharose, DEAE-Sephacel, octyl-Sepharose, hydroxylapatite, Mono Q, and Sephacryl S-300 gel filtration...
September 25, 1991: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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