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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365012/sun-protection-behaviors-in-head-start-and-other-early-childhood-education-programs-in-illinois
#1
Megan Perez, Marie Donaldson, Namita Jain, June K Robinson
Importance: Sun safety attitudes developed in early childhood can reduce lifetime UV radiation exposure and the risk of skin cancer. Objective: To assess the current policies, practices, and attitudes among caregivers regarding sun protection in children aged 2 to 6 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: A survey of 202 administrators or managers and teachers of Illinois Head Start/Early Head Start (HS/EHS) and day care centers was conducted from July 3 through 21, 2017...
January 24, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198478/the-evaluation-of-a-home-based-program-for-hands-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#2
Sibila Floriano Landim, Manoel Barros Bertolo, Marcos Felipe Marcatto de Abreu, Ana Paula Del Rio, Cecilia Carmen Mazon, João Francisco Marques-Neto, Janet L Poole, Eduardo de Paiva Magalhães
STUDY DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental design where patients were evaluated before and after participation in the self-management program. INTRODUCTION: Hands are commonly affected in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Strategies to maintain or improve hand function are indicated upon diagnosis and throughout the course of the disease. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a home-based program for hands in patients with SSc...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080845/application-of-in-vitro-skin-penetration-measurements-to-confirm-and-refine-the-quantitative-skin-sensitization-risk-assessment-of-methylisothiazolinone
#3
Helga Rothe, Cindy A Ryan, Leanne Page, Joanne Vinall, Carsten Goebel, Heike Scheffler, Frank Toner, Clive Roper, Petra S Kern
Use of quantitative risk assessment (QRA) for assessing the skin sensitization potential of chemicals present in consumer products requires an understanding of hazard and product exposure. In the absence of data, consumer exposure is based on relevant habits and practices and assumes 100% skin uptake of the applied dose. To confirm and refine the exposure, a novel design for in vitro skin exposure measurements was conducted with the preservative, methylisothiazolinone (MI), in beauty care (BC) and household care (HHC) products using realistic consumer exposure conditions...
November 3, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966515/baumann-skin-type-in-the-korean-female-population
#4
Sung Ku Ahn, Myungsoo Jun, Hana Bak, Byung Duk Park, Seung Phil Hong, Sang-Hoon Lee, Seong-Jin Kim, Hyung Joo Kim, Dong Hoon Song, Pok Kee Min, Ja Woong Goo, Tae-Hyun Kim, Chang-Keun Oh, Seung Hyun Chun, Sewon Lee, Yeol Oh Sung, In-Bum Sohn, Hyung Jin Ahn, Kun Park
BACKGROUND: To meet the need for a subspecialized skin type system, the Baumann skin type (BST) system was proposed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution of BST types and influencing factors among Korean women. METHODS: BST questionnaires were administered to 1,000 Korean women. The possible responses were as follows: oily (O) or dry (D), sensitive (S) or resistant (R), pigmented (P) or non-pigmented (N), and wrinkled (W) or tight (T). The correlations of the BST with the subjects' age, location, ultraviolet (UV) ray exposure, drinking and smoking habits, and blood type were assessed...
October 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708203/medical-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-too-many-medical-prescriptions
#5
Paolo Capogrosso, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Davide Oreggia, Andrea Salonia, Francesco Montorsi
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a worldwide commonly reported condition; epidemiological data showed a prevalence ranging from 2.3 to 53.4% within different population subsets. In this context, the advent of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5is) in the second mid of 1990s has deeply changed the treatment scenario of this bothersome condition. Being user-friendly compounds with an excellent overall safety profile, PDE5is emerged as the first-line treatment for ED, thus overcoming topical alprostadil and intracavernous injections (ICIs)...
July 5, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705280/smoking-and-the-skin
#6
REVIEW
Uwe Wollina
Smoking has been identified as a habit that carries great health risks. This review focuses on the consequences of smoking for skin diseases, treatment responses, and outcome. Diversification of the tobacco industry has led to new challenges, and careful documentation of risks for healthy skin is a continuing challenge.
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624752/skin-hydration-and-lifestyle-related-factors-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#7
Shinji Iizaka
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate skin hydration status of the lower legs by comparing several methods and examining lifestyle-related factors in community-dwelling older people. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three community settings in Japan from autumn to winter. Participants were older people aged ≥65 years (n=118). Skin hydration status of the lower legs was evaluated by stratum corneum hydration using an electrical device, clinical symptoms by an expert's observation and the visual analogue scale...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593242/primary-care-based-skin-cancer-screening-in-a-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#8
Susan M Swetter, Julia Chang, Amanda R Shaub, Martin A Weinstock, Eleanor T Lewis, Steven M Asch
Importance: Skin cancer screening may improve melanoma outcomes and keratinocyte carcinoma morbidity, but little is known about the feasibility of skin cancer training and clinical skin examination (CSE) by primary care practitioners (PCPs) in large health care systems. Objective: To assess the association of skin cancer training and screening by PCPs with dermatology referral patterns and rates of skin biopsies. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this pilot interventional study performed at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, patients 35 years or older scheduled for an annual health habits screen in the PCP general medicine clinics were studied...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549762/assessment-of-exposure-for-baby-cosmetic-care-products-in-a-korean-population
#9
Eunyoung Lee, Jongbok Yun, Jaehyoun Ha, Byung Cheol Park, Gyeong Hun Park, Hak Rim Kim, Seung Phil Hong, Kyu Bong Kim, Myung Hwa Kim
Assessment of exposure to cosmetic products via the skin is important for evaluating the risks associated with the use of these products. However, few exposure studies have been conducted with babies, particularly in Asia. The aim of our study was to assess the exposure to selected cosmetic products in babies under the age of 36 months, over both winter and summer months. We evaluated exposure for seven cosmetic baby care products identified in a previous web-based survey as being commonly used by Korean parents...
May 23, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530163/gastrointestinal-histoplasmosis-a-case-series
#10
Rashi Sharma, Lipika Lipi, Smeeta Gajendra, Ishani Mohapatra, Ruchika K Goel, Rajan Duggal, Smruti Ranjan Mishra, Dheeraj Gautam
Histoplasmosis is an invasive mycosis caused by inhalation of the spores of dimorphic fungi Histoplasma capsulatum. The disease manifests in the lung as acute or chronic pulmonary histoplasmosis and in severe cases gets disseminated in multiple organs like skin, adrenal gland, central nervous system, lymph node, liver, spleen, bone marrow, and gastrointestinal tract. It occurs most commonly in immunodeficient patients like HIV-positive patients and transplant recipients, while immunocompetent hosts are affected rarely...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208964/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-infants-receiving-skin-to-skin-care-at-birth-follow-up-of-randomized-cohort
#11
Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay Karshanbhai Patel, Dhaval Nileshbhai Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
INTRODUCTION: Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. AIM: We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06/003790) conducted in a teaching hospital located in central Gujarat...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188596/treatment-adherence-intervention-studies-in-dermatology-and-guidance-on-how-to-support-adherence
#12
REVIEW
Steven R Feldman, Bernard Vrijens, Uwe Gieler, Stefano Piaserico, Lluís Puig, Peter van de Kerkhof
Adequate adherence to prescribed treatment regimens can help to break the cycle of treatment failure, disease progression and subsequent treatment escalation. Unfortunately, adherence in the treatment of skin disorders such as acne, atopic dermatitis/eczema and psoriasis is often inadequate. A review of the literature identified a number of studies that tested an intervention to improve adherence in dermatology, including the following: electronic messages and/or reminders; more frequent or 'extra' clinic visits; audio-visual and internet-based interventions; and patient support programmes and/or self-management, educational training programmes...
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036050/environmental-determinants-of-bronchial-asthma-among-saudi-school-children-in-southwestern-saudi-arabia
#13
Jobran M Alqahtani, Ahmed M Asaad, Nabil J Awadalla, Ahmed A Mahfouz
The aim here was to study the possible environmental and dietary determinants of asthma among school-aged children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. In a cross-sectional study on a representative sample in Najran in Southwestern Saudi Arabia using an Arabic version of the modified ISAAC Phase III, parent-administered questionnaire data were collected. Skin prick tests (SPTs) were performed. The study included 1700 school children, out of them 468 (27.5%) were diagnosed with, cases of bronchial asthma and 20.8% (353) reported a 12-month nocturnal cough (as a proxy of severe asthma)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852313/regional-and-social-inequalities-in-the-performance-of-pap-test-and-screening-mammography-and-their-correlation-with-lifestyle-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#14
Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Maria do Carmo Leal, Elaine Fernandes Viellas de Oliveira, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
BACKGROUND: Mass population screening for the early detection of cervical and breast cancer has been shown to be a safe and effective strategy worldwide and has reduced the incidence and mortality rates of these diseases. The aim of this study is to analyse the reach of screening tests for cervical and breast cancer according to sociodemographic variables and to analyse their correlation with a healthy lifestyle. METHODS: We have analysed data collected from 31...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738425/profile-of-skin-disorders-in-unreached-hilly-areas-of-north-india
#15
Deepak Dimri, Venkatashiva Reddy B, Amit Kumar Singh
Background. The pattern of skin morbidity in an area depends on climate, geography, socioeconomic status, nutrition, genetics, and habits of the community. Objective. The objective of the present study was to describe the morbidity profile of patients attending dermatology outpatient department in a tertiary care centre of Garhwal hills, North India. Methodology. This is a record based study carried out using the morbidity registers. Patient details, diagnosis, and treatment provided by physicians were documented in the morbidity register...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723447/anal-health-care-basics
#16
Jason Chang, Elisabeth Mclemore, Talar Tejirian
Despite the fact that countless patients suffer from anal problems, there tends to be a lack of understanding of anal health care. Unfortunately, this leads to incorrect diagnoses and treatments. When treating a patient with an anal complaint, the primary goals are to first diagnose the etiology of the symptoms correctly, then to provide an effective and appropriate treatment strategy.The first step in this process is to take an accurate history and physical examination. Specific questions include details about bowel habits, anal hygiene, and fiber supplementation...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563702/self-inflicted-lesions-in-dermatology-a-management-and-therapeuticapproach-a-position-paper-from-the-european-society-for-derma-tology-and-psychiatry
#17
Lucía Tomas-Aragones, Silla M Consoli, Sylvie G Consoli, Francoise Poot, Klaus-Michael Taube, M Dennis Linder, Gregor B E Jemec, Jacek C Szepietowski, John de Korte, Andrey N Lvov, Uwe Gieler
The classification of self-inflicted skin lesions proposed by the European Society for Dermatology and Psychiatry (ESDaP) group generated questions with regard to specific treatments that could be recommended for such cases. The therapeutic guidelines in the current paper integrate new psychotherapies and psychotropic drugs without forgetting the most important relational characteristics required for dealing with people with these disorders. The management of self-inflicted skin lesions necessitates empathy and a doctor-patient relationship based on trust and confidence...
February 8, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450757/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-incompatible-dietary-behavior-of-patients-suffering-from-skin-diseases-a-pilot-study
#18
Meghana Kulkarni, Dushyant Keny, Anirudha Vyankatesh Potey, Raakhi K Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Ayurveda implies the importance of diet and dietary habits in various human diseases. Confirmatory evidence regarding role of diet and dietary practices in diseases of skin are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess incompatible dietary behavior in acne, psoriasis, fungal infections, and vitiligo patients using a questionnaire tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional case control study was conducted in the skin out-patient department of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250219/the-effectiveness-of-beauty-care-on-self-rated-health-among-community-dwelling-older-people
#19
Hisashi Kawai, Takashi Inomata, Rika Otsuka, Yoichi Sugiyama, Hirohiko Hirano, Shuichi Obuchi
AIM: The maintenance and improvement of self-rated health is important for prolonging healthy life expectancy in a well-aged society. In the present study, we examined the effectiveness of beauty care on self-rated health among community-dwelling older people through a quasi- randomized controlled trial by propensity score matching (PSM). METHOD: One hundred twelve community-dwelling older people who were recruited from the local community, participated in a beauty care program that consisted of two training sessions per month for 3 months and daily enforcement of facial skin care (intervention group)...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216749/artefactual-incised-wounds-due-to-postmortem-predation-by-the-sri-lankan-water-monitor-kabaragoya
#20
Sameera A Gunawardena
Monitor lizards are large reptilian animals mostly seen around water based habitats. Sri Lanka has an endemic water monitor lizard called the kabaragoya (Varanus salvator salvator) which is perhaps the most common large animal scavenger in the country. Scavenging by the kabaragoya can result in postmortem incised injuries which are caused by their sharp pointed claws as they grip or crawl over a dead body. The author presents four cases where these claw marks raised significant medicolegal issues. In one case of a young female they mimicked defense injuries that might be seen in a person that was killed with heavy sharp weapon trauma to the head...
September 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
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