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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624752/skin-hydration-and-lifestyle-related-factors-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#1
Shinji Iizaka
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate skin hydration status of the lower legs by comparing several methods and examining lifestyle-related factors in community-dwelling older people. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three community settings in Japan from autumn to winter. Participants were older people aged ≥65 years (n=118). Skin hydration status of the lower legs was evaluated by stratum corneum hydration using an electrical device, clinical symptoms by an expert's observation and the visual analogue scale...
June 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593242/primary-care-based-skin-cancer-screening-in-a-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#2
Susan M Swetter, Julia Chang, Amanda R Shaub, Martin A Weinstock, Eleanor T Lewis, Steven M Asch
Importance: Skin cancer screening may improve melanoma outcomes and keratinocyte carcinoma morbidity, but little is known about the feasibility of skin cancer training and clinical skin examination (CSE) by primary care practitioners (PCPs) in large health care systems. Objective: To assess the association of skin cancer training and screening by PCPs with dermatology referral patterns and rates of skin biopsies. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this pilot interventional study performed at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, patients 35 years or older scheduled for an annual health habits screen in the PCP general medicine clinics were studied...
June 7, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549762/assessment-of-exposure-for-baby-cosmetic-care-products-in-a-korean-population
#3
Eunyoung Lee, Jongbok Yun, Jaehyoun Ha, Byung Cheol Park, Gyeong Hun Park, Hak Rim Kim, Seung Phil Hong, Kyu Bong Kim, Myung Hwa Kim
Assessment of exposure to cosmetic products via the skin is important for evaluating the risks associated with the use of these products. However, few exposure studies have been conducted with babies, particularly in Asia. The aim of our study was to assess the exposure to selected cosmetic products in babies under the age of 36 months, over both winter and summer months. We evaluated exposure for seven cosmetic baby care products identified in a previous web-based survey as being commonly used by Korean parents...
May 23, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530163/gastrointestinal-histoplasmosis-a-case-series
#4
Rashi Sharma, Lipika Lipi, Smeeta Gajendra, Ishani Mohapatra, Ruchika K Goel, Rajan Duggal, Smruti Ranjan Mishra, Dheeraj Gautam
Histoplasmosis is an invasive mycosis caused by inhalation of the spores of dimorphic fungi Histoplasma capsulatum. The disease manifests in the lung as acute or chronic pulmonary histoplasmosis and in severe cases gets disseminated in multiple organs like skin, adrenal gland, central nervous system, lymph node, liver, spleen, bone marrow, and gastrointestinal tract. It occurs most commonly in immunodeficient patients like HIV-positive patients and transplant recipients, while immunocompetent hosts are affected rarely...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208964/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-infants-receiving-skin-to-skin-care-at-birth-follow-up-of-randomized-cohort
#5
Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay Karshanbhai Patel, Dhaval Nileshbhai Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
INTRODUCTION: Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. AIM: We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06/003790) conducted in a teaching hospital located in central Gujarat...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188596/treatment-adherence-intervention-studies-in-dermatology-and-guidance-on-how-to-support-adherence
#6
REVIEW
Steven R Feldman, Bernard Vrijens, Uwe Gieler, Stefano Piaserico, Lluís Puig, Peter van de Kerkhof
Adequate adherence to prescribed treatment regimens can help to break the cycle of treatment failure, disease progression and subsequent treatment escalation. Unfortunately, adherence in the treatment of skin disorders such as acne, atopic dermatitis/eczema and psoriasis is often inadequate. A review of the literature identified a number of studies that tested an intervention to improve adherence in dermatology, including the following: electronic messages and/or reminders; more frequent or 'extra' clinic visits; audio-visual and internet-based interventions; and patient support programmes and/or self-management, educational training programmes...
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036050/environmental-determinants-of-bronchial-asthma-among-saudi-school-children-in-southwestern-saudi-arabia
#7
Jobran M Alqahtani, Ahmed M Asaad, Nabil J Awadalla, Ahmed A Mahfouz
The aim here was to study the possible environmental and dietary determinants of asthma among school-aged children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. In a cross-sectional study on a representative sample in Najran in Southwestern Saudi Arabia using an Arabic version of the modified ISAAC Phase III, parent-administered questionnaire data were collected. Skin prick tests (SPTs) were performed. The study included 1700 school children, out of them 468 (27.5%) were diagnosed with, cases of bronchial asthma and 20.8% (353) reported a 12-month nocturnal cough (as a proxy of severe asthma)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852313/regional-and-social-inequalities-in-the-performance-of-pap-test-and-screening-mammography-and-their-correlation-with-lifestyle-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#8
Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Maria do Carmo Leal, Elaine Fernandes Viellas de Oliveira, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
BACKGROUND: Mass population screening for the early detection of cervical and breast cancer has been shown to be a safe and effective strategy worldwide and has reduced the incidence and mortality rates of these diseases. The aim of this study is to analyse the reach of screening tests for cervical and breast cancer according to sociodemographic variables and to analyse their correlation with a healthy lifestyle. METHODS: We have analysed data collected from 31...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738425/profile-of-skin-disorders-in-unreached-hilly-areas-of-north-india
#9
Deepak Dimri, Venkatashiva Reddy B, Amit Kumar Singh
Background. The pattern of skin morbidity in an area depends on climate, geography, socioeconomic status, nutrition, genetics, and habits of the community. Objective. The objective of the present study was to describe the morbidity profile of patients attending dermatology outpatient department in a tertiary care centre of Garhwal hills, North India. Methodology. This is a record based study carried out using the morbidity registers. Patient details, diagnosis, and treatment provided by physicians were documented in the morbidity register...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723447/anal-health-care-basics
#10
Jason Chang, Elisabeth Mclemore, Talar Tejirian
Despite the fact that countless patients suffer from anal problems, there tends to be a lack of understanding of anal health care. Unfortunately, this leads to incorrect diagnoses and treatments. When treating a patient with an anal complaint, the primary goals are to first diagnose the etiology of the symptoms correctly, then to provide an effective and appropriate treatment strategy.The first step in this process is to take an accurate history and physical examination. Specific questions include details about bowel habits, anal hygiene, and fiber supplementation...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563702/self-inflicted-lesions-in-dermatology-a-management-and-therapeuticapproach-a-position-paper-from-the-european-society-for-derma-tology-and-psychiatry
#11
Lucía Tomas-Aragones, Silla M Consoli, Sylvie G Consoli, Francoise Poot, Klaus-Michael Taube, M Dennis Linder, Gregor B E Jemec, Jacek C Szepietowski, John de Korte, Andrey N Lvov, Uwe Gieler
The classification of self-inflicted skin lesions proposed by the European Society for Dermatology and Psychiatry (ESDaP) group generated questions with regard to specific treatments that could be recommended for such cases. The therapeutic guidelines in the current paper integrate new psychotherapies and psychotropic drugs without forgetting the most important relational characteristics required for dealing with people with these disorders. The management of self-inflicted skin lesions necessitates empathy and a doctor-patient relationship based on trust and confidence...
February 8, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450757/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-incompatible-dietary-behavior-of-patients-suffering-from-skin-diseases-a-pilot-study
#12
Meghana Kulkarni, Dushyant Keny, Anirudha Vyankatesh Potey, Raakhi K Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Ayurveda implies the importance of diet and dietary habits in various human diseases. Confirmatory evidence regarding role of diet and dietary practices in diseases of skin are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess incompatible dietary behavior in acne, psoriasis, fungal infections, and vitiligo patients using a questionnaire tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional case control study was conducted in the skin out-patient department of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250219/the-effectiveness-of-beauty-care-on-self-rated-health-among-community-dwelling-older-people
#13
Hisashi Kawai, Takashi Inomata, Rika Otsuka, Yoichi Sugiyama, Hirohiko Hirano, Shuichi Obuchi
AIM: The maintenance and improvement of self-rated health is important for prolonging healthy life expectancy in a well-aged society. In the present study, we examined the effectiveness of beauty care on self-rated health among community-dwelling older people through a quasi- randomized controlled trial by propensity score matching (PSM). METHOD: One hundred twelve community-dwelling older people who were recruited from the local community, participated in a beauty care program that consisted of two training sessions per month for 3 months and daily enforcement of facial skin care (intervention group)...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216749/artefactual-incised-wounds-due-to-postmortem-predation-by-the-sri-lankan-water-monitor-kabaragoya
#14
Sameera A Gunawardena
Monitor lizards are large reptilian animals mostly seen around water based habitats. Sri Lanka has an endemic water monitor lizard called the kabaragoya (Varanus salvator salvator) which is perhaps the most common large animal scavenger in the country. Scavenging by the kabaragoya can result in postmortem incised injuries which are caused by their sharp pointed claws as they grip or crawl over a dead body. The author presents four cases where these claw marks raised significant medicolegal issues. In one case of a young female they mimicked defense injuries that might be seen in a person that was killed with heavy sharp weapon trauma to the head...
September 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090421/how-people-with-facial-acne-scars-are-perceived-in-society-an-online-survey
#15
Brigitte Dréno, Jerry Tan, Sewon Kang, Maria-José Rueda, Vicente Torres Lozada, Vincenzo Bettoli, Alison M Layton
INTRODUCTION: Atrophic scarring occurs throughout the course of inflammatory acne and across the spectrum of severity. This study evaluates perceptions of the general population toward individuals with clear skin and acne scars. METHODS: An online survey administered in the USA, UK, Japan, Germany, France and Brazil to respondents 18 years and over presented three facial pictures of clear skin or digitally superimposed acne scars (but no active acne lesions) in a random fashion...
June 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894056/assessment-of-various-biochemical-parameters-and-bmi-in-patients-with-skin-tags
#16
Vinod Wali, Vishal V Wali
INTRODCTION: Acrochordon or fibroepithelial polyp, commonly known as Skin tags (STs) are one of the most common benign skin condition, consisting of skin projecting from the surrounding skin, usually occurring on the eyelids, neck and axillae. Studies have found an association of STs with conditions such as obesity, diabetes mellitus and atherogenic lipid profile. Abdominal obesity and the consequent insulin resistance are said be important contributing factors for diabetes, dyslipidaemia and cardiovascular disease...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890041/patient-centered-home-care-using-digital-medicine-and-telemetric-data-for-hypertension-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-objective-ambulatory-assessment
#17
Lorenzo A DiCarlo, Richard L Weinstein, Catherine B Morimoto, George M Savage, Gregory L Moon, Kityee Au-Yeung, Yoona A Kim
Objective information that can be passively obtained in an ambulatory setting could be potentially useful for determining appropriate care in blood pressure (BP) management. This study utilized digital medicine (DM) prototypes and telemetric data acquisition to directly confirm medication use and to assess habits of daily living in a hypertensive population. Thirty-seven patients (23 men age 62±9 years) used the system for 6 weeks. DM prototypes consisted of valsartan 80 mg or 160 mg placed in a gelatin hemicapsule with an excipient tablet as a "stopper," with a poppy seed-sized ingestible sensor (IS) made of foodstuff on its external surface and capable of creating a biogalvanic current on ingestion to alert a wearable sensor (WS) that was worn on the torso...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815357/rosacea-patients-seeking-advice-qualitative-analysis-of-patients-posts-on-a-rosacea-support-forum
#18
Hossein Alinia, Sara Moradi Tuchayi, Michael E Farhangian, Karen E Huang, Sarah L Taylor, Sandy Kuo, Irma Richardson, Steven R Feldman
BACKGROUND: Social media have become outlets for patients to voice opinions and ask questions. Since suffering from rosacea is an isolating experience and the disease is poorly understood, patients use social media to expand their knowledge about the condition. OBJECTIVE: To understand rosacea patients' online health information seeking habits to obtain a better insight of their educational needs. METHODS: Ten percent of posts in online rosacea forum composed of 3350 members and 27 051 posts, discussing patient viewpoints and concern, selected by stratified random sampling...
2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644955/disease-severity-quality-of-life-and-psychiatric-morbidity-in-patients-with-psoriasis-with-reference-to-sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-clinical-variables-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study-from-lahore-pakistan
#19
Abdul Rahman Khawaja, Syed Muhammad Azam Bokhari, Rasheed Tariq, Shahzad Atif, Hanif Muhammad, Qadeer Faisal, Mohammad Jafferany
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an immune-mediated, chronic disease with a genetic background that involves skin, nails, and joints. The incidence of psoriasis varies from 2.0% to 4.0% depending on the geographical location, ethnic background, and environmental conditions. Recent research has proved that psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disease with extensive systemic implications. Objectives of the study were to explore the severity of psoriasis, dermatology-related quality of life, and psychiatric health of the patients with reference to sociodemographic, lifestyle, and clinical characteristics...
2015: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26555889/morphological-structural-and-biophysical-properties-of-french-and-brazilian-photoaged-skin
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
D G Mercurio, R Jdid, F Morizot, P Masson, P M B G Maia Campos
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of skin biology and its alterations in different populations is very important for the development of appropriate skincare strategies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare morphological, structural and biophysical properties of photoaged skin in French and Brazilian populations, using biophysical and skin-imaging techniques. METHODS: Forty-one French and 41 Brazilian healthy, female volunteers aged between 40 and 65 years were enrolled...
March 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
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