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hydrolysed infant formula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720947/reduction-of-whey-protein-concentrate-antigenicity-by-using-a-combined-enzymatic-digestion-and-ultrafiltration-approach
#1
Laura Quintieri, Linda Monaci, Federico Baruzzi, Maria Gabriella Giuffrida, Silvia de Candia, Leonardo Caputo
The global interest in saving food resources is leading to recycle wasted-food materials to extract useful nutrients. In dairy industry, the recycling of whey proteins determines their utilization in the healthy-addressed foods, which, however, can cause immunological responses in allergic subjects. In this work, a whey protein concentrate (WPC) was alternatively hydrolyzed with pepsin, papain, trypsin and rennin in order to attenuate or abolish the β-lactoglobulin (BLG) antigenicity. The electrophoretic profiles of both pepsin and papain WPC hydrolysates proved the disappearance of the BLG band, even though a slight antigenicity was still found by ELISA...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704923/production-of-cow-s-milk-free-from-beta-casein-a1-and-its-application-in-the-manufacturing-of-specialized-foods-for-early-infant-nutrition
#2
Miguel Á Duarte-Vázquez, Carlos García-Ugalde, Laura M Villegas-Gutiérrez, Blanca E García-Almendárez, Jorge L Rosado
Beta-casein (BC) is frequently expressed as BC A2 and BC A1 in cow's milk. Gastrointestinal digestion of BC A1 results in the release of the opioid peptide beta-casomorphin 7 (BCM7) which is less likely to occur from BC A2. This work was aimed to produce milk containing BC A2 with no BC A1 (BC A2 milk) using genetically selected CSN2 A2A2 Jersey cows. Additionally, we aimed to develop an infant formula (IF) suitable for healthy full-term infants during the first six months of life based on BC A2 milk. The concentration of BCM7 released from BC A2 IF, from commercially available IFs as well as from human milk and raw cow's milk was evaluated after simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGID)...
July 12, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698533/prevention-and-management-of-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-non-exclusively-breastfed-infants
#3
REVIEW
Yvan Vandenplas
Introduction: The prevention and management of cow milk allergy (CMA) is still debated. Since CMA is much less frequent in breastfed infants, breastfeeding should be stimulated. Method: Literature was searched using databases to find original papers and reviews on this topic. Results: Hydrolysates with a clinical proof of efficacy are recommended in the prevention and treatment of CMA. However, not all meta-analyses conclude that hydrolysates do prevent CMA or other atopic manifestations such as atopic dermatitis...
July 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687275/avoidance-of-cow-s-milk-based-formula-for-at-risk-infants-does-not-reduce-development-of-celiac-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Mila Hyytinen, Erkki Savilahti, Suvi M Virtanen, Taina Härkönen, Jorma Ilonen, Kristiina Luopajärvi, Raivo Uibo, Outi Vaarala, Hans K Åkerblom, Mikael Knip
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Feeding during first months of life might affect risk of celiac disease. Individuals with celiac disease or type 1 diabetes have been reported to have high titers of antibodies against cow´s milk proteins. Avoidance of cow's milk-based formula for infants with genetic susceptibility for type 1 diabetes reduced the cumulative incidence of diabetes-associated autoantibodies. We performed a randomized controlled trial, in the same population, to study whether weaning to an extensively hydrolyzed formula reduced the risk of celiac disease autoimmunity or celiac disease...
July 4, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594834/toll-like-receptor-mediated-activation-is-possibly-involved-in-immunoregulating-properties-of-cow-s-milk-hydrolysates
#5
M B Gea Kiewiet, Renske Dekkers, Marjan Gros, R J Joost van Neerven, Andre Groeneveld, Paul de Vos, Marijke M Faas
Immunomodulating proteins and peptides are formed during the hydrolysis of cow's milk proteins. These proteins are potential ingredients in functional foods used for the management of a range of immune related problems, both in infants and adults. However, the mechanism behind these effects is unknown. We hypothesize that the interaction of peptides with Toll-like receptors (TLRs) can induce immune effects, since these receptors are known to sample many dietary molecules in the intestine in order to regulate immune effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542713/withdrawn-infant-formulas-containing-hydrolysed-protein-for-prevention-of-allergic-disease-and-food-allergy
#6
REVIEW
David A Osborn, John Kh Sinn, Lisa J Jones
BACKGROUND: Allergy is common and may be associated with foods, including cow's milk formula (CMF). Formulas containing hydrolysed proteins have been used to treat infants with allergy. However, it is unclear whether hydrolysed formulas can be advocated for prevention of allergy in infants. OBJECTIVES: To compare effects on allergy and food allergy when infants are fed a hydrolysed formula versus CMF or human breast milk. If hydrolysed formulas are effective, to determine what type of hydrolysed formula is most effective, including extensively or partially hydrolysed formula (EHF/PHF)...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460966/the-influence-of-breast-milk-and-infant-formulae-hydrolysates-on-bacterial-adhesion-and-caco-2-cells-functioning
#7
Ewa Fiedorowicz, Lidia Hanna Markiewicz, Katarzyna Sidor, Dominika Świątecka, Anna Cieślińska, Michał Matysiewicz, Krystyna Piskorz-Ogórek, Edyta Sienkiewicz-Szłapka, Małgorzata Teodorowicz, Aleksander Świątecki, Elżbieta Kostyra
The aim of the study was to determine the concentration of BCM7 in human milk and infant formulae (IF) before and after eznymatic hydrolysis, and to evaluate the effect of obtained hydrolysates on interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion and on proliferation of enterocytes in the in vitro model (Caco-2 cells). This study evaluates also the effect of hydrolysates on the adhesion of intestinal microbiota isolated from faeces of both healthy (H) and allergic (A) infants. In the study we investigated breast milk delivered by mothers of healthy ('healthy milk'; HM) and allergic ('allergic milk'; AM) infants...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293923/infant-formulas-containing-hydrolysed-protein-for-prevention-of-allergic-disease-and-food-allergy
#8
REVIEW
David A Osborn, John Kh Sinn, Lisa J Jones
BACKGROUND: Allergy is common and may be associated with foods, including cow's milk formula (CMF). Formulas containing hydrolysed proteins have been used to treat infants with allergy. However, it is unclear whether hydrolysed formulas can be advocated for prevention of allergy in infants. OBJECTIVES: To compare effects on allergy and food allergy when infants are fed a hydrolysed formula versus CMF or human breast milk. If hydrolysed formulas are effective, to determine what type of hydrolysed formula is most effective, including extensively or partially hydrolysed formula (EHF/PHF)...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895813/cow-s-milk-allergy-towards-an-update-of-dracma-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
Alessandro Fiocchi, Lamia Dahda, Christophe Dupont, Cristina Campoy, Vincenzo Fierro, Antonio Nieto
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the diagnosis and treatment of IgE-mediated CMA were systematized in a GRADE guideline. OBJECTIVES & METHODS: After 6 years, the state of the knowledge in diagnosis and treatment of CMA has largely evolved. We summarize here the main advances, and exemplify indicating some specific points: studies aimed at better knowledge of the effects of breastfeeding and the production of new special formulae intended for the treatment of CMA. The literature (PubMed/MEDLINE) was searched using the following algorithms: (1) [milk allergy] AND diagnosis; (2) [milk allergy] AND [formul*] OR [breast*], setting the search engine [6-years] time and [human] limits...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745584/-food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-in-a-boy-with-diarrhoea-and-severe-dehydration
#10
Pernille Henriksen, Malene Landbo Børresen, Kathrin Dahl
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a rare non-IgE mediated condition. Symptoms of acute FPIES include vomiting, diarrhoea and dehydration. Symptoms are often misread as acute abdomen or sepsis. The condition can be fatal. There are no biomarkers for FPIES, and skin prick test for cow milk is often negative. Treatment is hydrolysed formula milk. This case story describes a one-month-old boy with diarrhoea and an output of up till 2.3 l per day. With this case story we wish to increase the knowledge of FPIES and emphasize the importance of having the diagnosis in mind when confronted with the very ill, dehydrated infant...
October 10, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738596/middle-east-consensus-statement-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-12-months-old-infants
#11
REVIEW
Yvan Vandenplas, Muath Abdurrahman Alturaiki, Wafaa Al-Qabandi, Fawaz AlRefaee, Ziad Bassil, Bassam Eid, Ahmed El Beleidy, Ali Ibrahim Almehaidib, Pierre Mouawad, Maroun Sokhn
This paper covers algorithms for the management of regurgitation, constipation and infantile colic in infants. Anti-regurgitation formula may be considered in infants with troublesome regurgitation, while diagnostic investigations or drug therapy are not indicated in the absence of warning signs. Although probiotics have shown some positive evidence for the management of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), the evidence is not strong enough to make a recommendation. A partially hydrolyzed infant formula with prebiotics and β-palmitate may be considered as a dietary intervention for functional constipation in formula fed infants...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642151/-infant-food-diversification-assessment-of-practices-in-relation-to-french-recommendations-in-pediatricians-and-pediatric-residents-in-southern-france
#12
T Banti, A Carsin, B Chabrol, R Reynaud, A Fabre
Infant food diversification has undergone a rapid succession of good practice recommendations in France, but there has been no assessment of pediatrician practices on food diversification. OBJECTIVE: To assess the practices of pediatricians in relation to current recommendations of the French Society of Pediatrics on infant food diversification. METHODS: This was an observational study conducted from 1 November 2014 to 31 March 2015. The study population consisted of 97 pediatricians in the Var department and 84 pediatric residents assigned to the University of Aix-Marseille in France...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634007/-clinical-characteristics-and-management-of-infants-less-than-1-year-old-suspected-with-allergy-to-cow-s-milk-protein
#13
Germán Errázuriz, Yalda Lucero, Sergio Ceresa, Mónica Gonzalez, Maureen Rossel, Andrés Vives
INTRODUCTION: Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is highly prevalent in infants (2-5%). It has a wide clinical spectrum, and confirmation through an oral food challenge (OFC) is relevant for its differential diagnosis. Information on this topic is scarce in Chile. OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic and clinical features of infants with suspected CMPA. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A retrospective study of patients<1 year-old, treated for suspected CMPA between 2009 and 2011...
November 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457779/five-year-follow-up-of-high-risk-infants-with-family-history-of-allergy-who-were-exclusively-breast-fed-or-fed-partial-whey-hydrolysate-soy-and-conventional-cow-s-milk-formulas-expression-of-serious-concern
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392326/experimental-study-showed-that-adding-fortifier-and-extra-hydrolysed-proteins-to-preterm-infant-mothers-milk-increased-osmolality
#15
R Rosas, M P Sanz, P Fernández-Calle, M J Alcaide, M T Montes, N Pastrana, C Segovia, F Omeñaca, M Sáenz de Pipaón
AIM: Measuring milk osmolality after adjustable fortification is clinically relevant, as values exceeding recommended safety thresholds might result in gastrointestinal consequences. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of four fortification levels and storage time on the osmolality of human milk. METHODS: This was an experimental study using 71 spare samples of fresh breastmilk collected from 31 mothers of preterm infants. Osmolality was measured before and after adding commercial human milk fortifier containing dextrinomaltose and hydrolysed proteins at four different concentrations...
December 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388344/use-of-extensively-hydrolysed-formula-for-refeeding-neonates-postnecrotising-enterocolitis-a-nationwide-survey-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Alexandre Lapillonne, Maroun Matar, Ariane Adleff, Marwa Chbihi, Elsa Kermorvant-Duchemin, Florence Campeotto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of and reasons for using extensively hydrolysed formulas (EHFs) of cow's milk proteins in the French neonatal units as well as the modality of their prescription for refeeding infants recovering from necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS: A multicentre nationwide cross-sectional study using a questionnaire to address the prevalence of use and the reasons for prescribing EHF in hospitalised neonates and to examine the protocols and the actual reasons for their use for refeeding infants in recovery from NEC...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336625/hydrolyzed-proteins-in-allergy
#17
Silvia Salvatore, Yvan Vandenplas
Hydrolyzed proteins are used worldwide in the therapeutic management of infants with allergic manifestations and have long been proposed as a dietetic measure to prevent allergy in at risk infants. The degree and method of hydrolysis, protein source and non-nitrogen components characterize different hydrolyzed formulas (HFs) and may determine clinical efficacy, tolerance and nutritional effects. Cow's milk (CM)-based HFs are classified as extensively (eHF) or partially HF (pHF) based on the percentage of small peptides...
2016: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257475/nutritional-adequacy-of-a-cows-milk-exclusion-diet-in-infancy
#18
Kate Maslin, Erin M Oliver, Karen S Scally, Josh Atkinson, Keith Foote, Carina Venter, Graham Roberts, Kate E C Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Infants with suspected cows' milk allergy are required to follow a strict milk exclusion diet which may lead to nutritional deficiencies, especially if not supervised by a healthcare professional. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy of a cows' milk exclusion diet in a group of UK infants over a period of 6 months. METHODS: Participants in this study are a subgroup of the Prevalence of Infant Food Allergy study, a prospective food allergy birth cohort study from the South of England...
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193026/the-cariogenicity-of-commercial-infant-formulas-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
S F Tan, H J Tong, X Y Lin, B Mok, C H Hong
AIM: To systematically evaluate the cariogenic potential of various commercially available infant formulas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted using Pubmed and Scopus databases for articles published between 1966 and November 2014. Reference lists of all eligible studies were searched. Only human studies were included. Data extraction and risk of bias assessments were performed. RESULTS: Seven of the 83 articles identified were included in this review, of which six studies employed plaque harvesting methods, while one study utilised an intra-oral cariogenicity/in situ model...
June 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145499/formula-and-breast-feeding-in-infant-food-allergy-a-population-based-study
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alice J Goldsmith, Jennifer J Koplin, Adrian J Lowe, Mimi Lk Tang, Melanie C Matheson, Marnie Robinson, Rachel Peters, Shyamali C Dharmage, Katrina J Allen
AIM: To determine whether infant-feeding practices, including duration of exclusive breastfeeding and use of partially hydrolysed formula, modify the risk of developing infant food allergy. METHODS: In an observational population-based study, 1 year olds were recruited from community immunisation clinics in Melbourne, Australia. Parent-reported data on infant-feeding practices and potential confounders were collected prior to infant skin prick testing for four food allergens...
April 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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