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picky eating

Amanda C Trofholz, Anna K Schulte, Jerica M Berge
Children are frequently described as being picky eaters. However, this term has been inconsistently defined in prior research. There is limited qualitative research data investigating how parent's define picky eating, how they respond to it, or how they see picky eating impacting their child's dietary intake or the family meal. For this study, parents (n = 88) of siblings (ages 2-18 years old) were interviewed in their homes. The semi-structured interviews focused on parent feeding practices and child eating behaviors...
November 23, 2016: Appetite
Kirsten Berding, Sharon M Donovan
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing neurodevelopmental disorder in the United States. Besides genetic risks, environmental factors have been suggested to contribute to the increase in ASD diagnosis over the past decade. Several studies have reported abnormalities in microbiota composition and differences in microbial metabolites in children with ASD. Gastrointestinal discomfort is commonly reported in children with ASD. Additionally, food selectivity and picky eating patterns are commonly reported...
December 2016: Nutrition Reviews
Tanja Sobko, Zhenzhen Jia, Matthew Kaplan, Alfred Lee, Chia-Huei Tseng
BackgroundThis pilot project aimed to evaluate the "Play&Grow" program which promotes age-appropriate dietary habits and playtime healthy routines through "connectedness to nature" experiences in Hong Kong families with young children.Method38 pre-schoolers (aged 33.97 ± 9.38 months), mothers and their domestic workers were recruited. The families attended one workshop/week for a 4-month period, consisting of: 1) health topic; 2) food games; 3) nature-related outdoor activities.ResultsFeeding practices, particularly Promoting and Encouragement to eat (PE) and Instrumental Feeding (IF) improved after the intervention (p =...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Research
Ziyi Li, Klazine van der Horst, Lisa R Edelson-Fries, Kai Yu, Lili You, Yumei Zhang, Gerard Vinyes-Pares, Peiyu Wang, Defu Ma, Xiaoguang Yang, Liqiang Qin, Jiaji Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that children that are picky eaters may have a different and less varied diet than non-picky children, but the literature on picky eating in Chinese children is limited. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of picky eating in 6-35 month-old Chinese children, and to explore how parents' perceptions of picky eating relate to children's intake and body composition. METHODS: 1414 6-35 month-old infants and toddlers from 8 Chinese cities were included in this study...
November 4, 2016: Appetite
Hana F Zickgraf, Martin E Franklin, Paul Rozin
BACKGROUND: One presentation of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is characterized by picky eating, i.e., selective eating based on the sensory properties of food. The present study has two aims. The first is to describe distress and impairment in individuals with ARFID secondary to picky eating. The second is to determine whether eating behaviors hypothesized to be specific to picky eating can differentiate picky eaters with and without ARFID from typical eaters (e.g...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Paige K Berger, Emily E Hohman, Michele E Marini, Jennifer S Savage, Leann L Birch
BACKGROUND: Picky eating has been associated with lower weight status and limited food intake and variety in childhood. Little is known about how the persistence of picky eating in childhood is associated with changes in weight and food intake from childhood into adolescence. OBJECTIVE: We determined whether picky eating identified in childhood was related to growth, nutrition, and parental use of pressure over a 10-y period. DESIGN: Non-Hispanic white girls (n = 181) participated in a longitudinal study and were assessed biannually from ages 5 to 15 y...
October 26, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Oksana Matvienko
OBJECTIVE: Picture books may facilitate parents' efforts to decrease pickiness and other undesirable food habits in children. This study conducted a content analysis of dietary behaviors and feeding strategies featured in fictional picture books compared with those discussed in the research literature. DESIGN: Several databases were searched for fictional picture books about dietary behavior, published between 2000 and 2016, accessible in the US, available in print format, and designated for 4- to 8-year-olds...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Jordan M Ellis, Amy T Galloway, Rose Mary Webb, Denise M Martz
A brief multidimensional measure of adult picky eating (PE) behavior was developed using a large U.S. adult sample. In addition, the study explored associations between specific aspects of adult PE behavior and psychosocial impairment in effort to support the inclusion of adults in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). The study included 3 phases of qualitative and quantitative data collection. Participants were 1,663 U...
September 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
You Jin Choi, Eun Kyo Ha, Su Jin Jeong
PURPOSE: To identify the relationship between dietary habits and childhood gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in preschool children. METHODS: We performed a questionnaire study to analyze the relationship between dietary habits and GERD in 85 preschool children with GERD and 117 healthy children of the same age. RESULTS: Irregular and picky eating were more p-revalent in the GERD group than in the control group (odds ratio [OR], 4.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Hannah Toyama, W Stewart Agras
BACKGROUND: Picky eating is common and usually relatively brief as new foods are accepted. Persistent picky eating, however, is often associated with comorbid psychopathology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use parent-reported child feeding behaviors to identify which picky eaters persist. DESIGN: Participants were a subsample from the Stanford Infant Growth Study a prospective study of child development. Out of the 216 infants, 86 were identified as picky eaters...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
Lauren Porter, Lenka H Shriver, Samantha Ramsay
Objectives Health disparities are prevalent in the U.S., with low-income African American children suffering from high rates of obesity and related conditions. Better understanding of parental attitudes and barriers related to healthy eating and obesity risk is needed to suggest more effective intervention foci for this at-risk population. Methods African American caregivers of 3-5 year old children were recruited for focus groups and a questionnaire completion from two Head Start programs in a southeastern state of the U...
July 23, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jerica M Berge, Amanda Trofholz, Anna Schulte, Katherine Conger, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about parent feeding practices with siblings. Because this is a new area of research, qualitative research is needed to understand parents' perspectives about how they make decisions about feeding siblings and whether they adapt their feeding practices dependent on sibling characteristics such as weight status. The main objective of the current study was to describe parent feeding practices with siblings. DESIGN: Qualitative cross-sectional study with 88 parents with at least 2 siblings...
July 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Callie L Brown, Megan H Pesch, Eliana M Perrin, Danielle P Appugliese, Alison L Miller, Katherine Rosenblum, Julie C Lumeng
OBJECTIVE: To describe features of maternal concern for her child undereating; examine maternal and child correlates of maternal concern for undereating; and determine whether maternal concern for undereating is associated with feeding practices. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of an observational study with 286 mother-child dyads (mean child age, 71 months). Maternal concern for undereating was assessed using a semistructured interview. Mothers completed questionnaires to assess picky eating, food neophobia, and feeding practices...
November 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Lay Hoon Goh, Choon How How, Kar Hui Ng
Failure to thrive in a child is defined as 'lack of expected normal physical growth' or 'failure to gain weight'. Diagnosis requires repeated growth measurements over time using local, age-appropriate growth centile charts. Premature babies with appropriate growth velocity and children with 'catch-down' growth, constitutional growth delay or familial short stature show normal growth variants, and usually do not require further evaluation. In Singapore, the most common cause of failure to thrive in children is malnutrition secondary to psychosocial and caregiver factors...
June 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Hsun-Chin Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the differences in eating behaviors between picky and nonpicky eaters, and to correlate parental management of children's eating problems with qualities of general development in children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of parental observations on their children's eating behavior, sampled from three major cities in Taiwan. We used a structured questionnaire during face-to-face interviews to collect information on each child's picky eating habits and behaviors, caregiver-child interaction and intervention during feeding, and the child's qualities of general development...
April 26, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Xiao Liu, Juan Liu, Xueqin Xiong, Ting Yang, Nali Hou, Xiaohua Liang, Jie Chen, Qian Cheng, Tingyu Li
Restricted diets and inadequate nutrient intake of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been reported. This study examined the nutritional statuses of children with ASD and the relationships between their behaviors and nutritional intake. A total of 154 children with ASD (age = 5.21 ± 1.83 years) and 73 typically-developing (TD) children (age = 4.83 ± 0.84 years) from Chongqing, China, were enrolled. The severity of ASD was evaluated using the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). The serum ferritin, folate, vitamin B12, 25(OH) vitamin D, and vitamin A concentrations in the children with ASD were determined...
2016: Nutrients
Callie L Brown, Emily B Vander Schaaf, Gail M Cohen, Megan B Irby, Joseph A Skelton
BACKGROUND: Picky eating and food neophobia are common during childhood. Childhood eating behaviors are often predictive of adult eating behaviors. OBJECTIVES: Determine if childhood picky eating or food neophobia is associated with childhood weight status, or with becoming underweight, overweight, or obese later in childhood. DATA SOURCES: We identified relevant studies from searches of PubMed, PsycINFO, and NEOHAL, as well as citations from identified studies...
August 2016: Childhood Obesity
Klazine van der Horst, Denise M Deming, Ruta Lesniauskas, B Thomas Carr, Kathleen C Reidy
Food rejection behaviors such as picky eating are of concern for many parents and attempts to increase healthy food intake can cause distress at mealtimes. An important limitation in most of the picky eating studies is that they cover few characteristics of picky eating behaviors and use limited measures of food intake. The objective of this study was to explore the associations between picky eating, child eating characteristics, and food intake among toddlers 12-47.9 months old (n = 2371) using data from the 2008 Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS)...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Martha J Nepper, Weiwen Chai
The home environment is considered one of the most important settings in regards to the development of healthy eating habits among children. The primary purpose of this study was to explore parents' barriers and strategies in promoting healthy eating in the home. The secondary objective was to determine whether the barriers and strategies parents had were different between healthy weight and overweight/obese school-age children. Semi-structured individual interviews with 14 parents of healthy weight and 11 parents of overweight/obese children (6-12 years) were conducted in family homes from August 2014 to March 2015...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Leann L Birch
Because infants are totally dependent upon parents (or other caregivers) for care and sustenance, parents' feeding practices are a key feature of the family environments in which infants and young children learn about food and eating. Feeding practices include not only what the child is fed, but also the how, when, why and how much of feeding. Extensive evidence indicates that parenting behavior influences a variety of child outcomes, including cognitive and socioemotional development, as well as the development of self-regulatory skills...
2016: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
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