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Farzad Pakdel

Valerie Juniat, Karl C Golnik, Francesco P Bernardini, Altug Cetinkaya, Aaron Fay, Bipasha Mukherjee, Farzad Pakdel, Brent Skippen, George M Saleh
PURPOSE: The International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) is currently developing a series of standardized, internationally validated, teaching tools for key ophthalmic surgical procedures called the Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubrics (OSCARs). This study aims to develop an OSCAR for anterior approach ptosis surgery. METHODS: An international panel of content experts, representing Australia, India, Iran, Italy, Turkey, UK, and the USA was established and worked to develop the rubric using a range of online collaboration tools...
February 14, 2018: Orbit
Farzad Pakdel, Mostafa S Sanjari, Asieh Naderi, Niloofar Pirmarzdashti, Anousheh Haghighi, Mohsen B Kashkouli
BACKGROUND: Methanol poisoning can cause an optic neuropathy that is usually severe and irreversible and often occurs after ingestion of illicit or homemade alcoholic beverages. In this study, we evaluated the potential neuroprotective effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on visual acuity (VA) in patients with methanol optic neuropathy. METHODS: In a prospective, noncomparative interventional case series, consecutive patients with methanol optic neuropathy after alcoholic beverage ingestion were included...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Farzad Pakdel, Niloofar Pirmarzdashti, Sasan Soltani, Zohreh Nozarian, Fahimeh Asadi Amoli, Abolfazl Kassaee
The authors aim to report a 68-year-old patient presenting with acute swelling and redness of orbital area diagnosed initially as orbital cellulitis. Surgical excision was decided based on clinical and imaging findings with the diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland. Lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma usually presents with painless gradual swelling of upper eyelid. In an exceptionally rare circumstance, this case showed acute orbital inflammation, and imaging findings of orbital inflammation mostly focused around the cystic space of the lacrimal gland tumor...
October 14, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Sahar Yousefi, Marzieh Nojomi, Mostafa Soltan Sanjari, Farzad Pakdel, Morteza Entezari, Mohammad Etezad-Razavi, Mohammad Reza Razeghinejad, Manuchehr Esmaeli, Masoud Shafiee, Mansoureh Bagheri
PURPOSE: Intravenously administered erythropoietin (EPO) was firstly commenced (phase 1) in patients with indirect traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) by this group in 2011. It was re-tested by another group (phase 2) in 2014. This multicenter clinical trial was designed to compare its effect with intravenous steroid and observation. METHODS: Included were TON patients ≥5 years of age and with trauma-treatment interval of ≤3 weeks. Follow-up visits were set at 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 30, and at least 90 days after treatment...
January 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Sylvain Lecomte, Denis Habauzit, Thierry D Charlier, Farzad Pakdel
The number and amount of man-made chemicals present in the aquatic environment has increased considerably over the past 50 years. Among these contaminants, endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) represent a significant proportion. This family of compounds interferes with normal hormonal processes through multiple molecular pathways. They represent a potential risk for human and wildlife as they are suspected to be involved in the development of diseases including, but not limited to, reprotoxicity, metabolic disorders, and cancers...
September 15, 2017: Genes
Farzad Pakdel, Mahmood Reza Gohari, Anis Sadat Jazayeri, Afsaneh Amani, Niloofar Pirmarzdashti, Hossein Aghaee
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a Farsi version of Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) for the Iranian population. METHODS: This study was a translation and cross-cultural adaptation and validation of Farsi version of OSDI. Four bilingual (English-Persian) individual including three physicians and one native English teacher were asked to translate the original English OSDI questionnaire in Farsi. Following back and forth translation, integration and pilot check, the translation team came to consensus on translation...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Sylvain Lecomte, Frederic Chalmel, François Ferriere, Frederic Percevault, Nicolas Plu, Christian Saligaut, Claire Surel, Marie Lelong, Theo Efstathiou, Farzad Pakdel
BACKGROUND: Estrogen receptors (ER) α and β are found in both women and men in many tissues, where they have different functions, including having roles in cell proliferation and differentiation of the reproductive tract. In addition to estradiol (E2), a natural hormone, numerous compounds are able to bind ERs and modulate their activities. Among these compounds, phytoestrogens such as isoflavones, which are found in plants, are promising therapeutics for several pathologies. Glyceollins are second metabolites of isoflavones that are mainly produced in soybean in response to an elicitor...
June 30, 2017: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Sylvain Lecomte, Florence Demay, François Ferrière, Farzad Pakdel
In mammals, the effects of estrogen are mainly mediated by two different estrogen receptors, ERα and ERβ. These proteins are members of the nuclear receptor family, characterized by distinct structural and functional domains, and participate in the regulation of different biological processes, including cell growth, survival and differentiation. The two estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes are generated from two distinct genes and have partially distinct expression patterns. Their activities are modulated differently by a range of natural and synthetic ligands...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Farzane Pakdel, Shima Ghasemi, Amirreza Babaloo, Yousef Javadzadeh, Rosa Momeni, Milad Ghanizadeh, Seyyed Reza Moaddab, Farzad Yeganeh Fathi
INTRODUCTION: Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory process, characterized by loss of bone around implants and bleeding on probing. Colonization of bacteria in the pocket created around the implant is one of the most important aetiologic factors involved. Although antibiotics are routinely used and are effective agents against this bacterial infection, due to the side effects and drug resistance of these medications, researchers are more interested in using herbal derivatives. There are relatively limited number of studies in this respect...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sylvain Lecomte, Marie Lelong, Gaëlle Bourgine, Theo Efstathiou, Christian Saligaut, Farzad Pakdel
Estrogen receptors (ERs) α and β are distributed in most tissues of women and men. ERs are bound by estradiol (E2), a natural hormone, and mediate the pleiotropic and tissue-specific effects of E2, such as proliferation of breast epithelial cells or protection and differentiation of neuronal cells. Numerous environmental molecules, called endocrine disrupting compounds, also interact with ERs. Phytoestrogens belong to this large family and are considered potent therapeutic molecules that act through their selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) activity...
June 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Denis Habauzit, Catherine Martin, Gwenneg Kerdivel, Farzad Pakdel
CXCL-test is a method that uses the estrogen-dependent secretion of the natural endogenous chemokine CXCL12 to evaluate the estrogenic activity of molecules. CXCL12 chemokine is involved in the estrogen dependent proliferation of breast cancer cells. Its measure is an indicator of cell proliferation and is used as an alternative test to classical proliferation test. Here we aimed to optimize this test, first to increase the number of tested molecules in a single assay and then to decrease the number of intermediate steps...
April 2017: Chemosphere
Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Mohammad Bagher Abtahi, Hamed Sianati, Nina Mahvidizadeh, Farzad Pakdel, Pedram Bahmani Kashkouli, Parya Abdolalizadeh
PURPOSE: To report 10-year results of a 1-stage, obstruction-based, endoscopic approach in children with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) with and without prior failed probing/intubation. METHODS: In a retrospective study, children with primary CNLDO of >6 months old previously failed probing/intubation, acute dacryocystitis or dacryocele at any age, and at least 6 months follow up. Diagnosis was based on history of tearing and dye disappearance test...
September 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Joel Cano-Nicolau, Clémentine Garoche, Nathalie Hinfray, Elisabeth Pellegrini, Noureddine Boujrad, Farzad Pakdel, Olivier Kah, François Brion
The effects of some progestins on fish reproduction have been recently reported revealing the hazard of this class of steroidal pharmaceuticals. However, their effects at the central nervous system level have been poorly studied until now. Notwithstanding, progesterone, although still widely considered primarily a sex hormone, is an important agent affecting many central nervous system functions. Herein, we investigated the effects of a large set of synthetic ligands of the nuclear progesterone receptor on the glial-specific expression of the zebrafish brain aromatase (cyp19a1b) using zebrafish mechanism-based assays...
August 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Lina Chouchene, Elisabeth Pellegrini, Marie-Madeleine Gueguen, Nathalie Hinfray, François Brion, Benjamin Piccini, Olivier Kah, Khaled Saïd, Imed Messaoudi, Farzad Pakdel
The present study was conducted to assess the effects of Cd exposure on estrogen signaling in the zebrafish brain, as well as the potential protective role of Zn against Cd-induced toxicity. For this purpose, the effects on transcriptional activation of the estrogen receptors (ERs), aromatase B (Aro-B) protein expression and molecular expression of related genes were examined in vivo using wild-type and transgenic zebrafish embryos. For in vitro studies, an ER-negative glial cell line (U251MG) transfected with different zebrafish ER subtypes (ERα, ERβ1 and ERβ2) was also used...
June 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Farzad Pakdel, Homayoun Hadizadeh, Niloofar Pirmarzdashty, Victoria Kiavash
A 59-year-old patient developed acute proptosis, peri-orbital swelling and restriction of ocular movements 2 days after attempted scleral buckle removal. Initial clinical and orbital MRI findings were suggestive for orbital cellulitis and orbital abscess. Empiric intravenous antibiotics were not effective. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) revealed a distinctive composition and helped rule out suppurative and neoplastic processes. The patient recovered soon after removing clear liquefied and tiny particles of the hydrogel buckle by an effective peristaltic technique...
2015: Orbit
Caroline Pinto, Marina Grimaldi, Abdelhay Boulahtouf, Farzad Pakdel, François Brion, Sélim Aït-Aïssa, Vincent Cavaillès, William Bourguet, Jan-Ake Gustafsson, Maria Bondesson, Patrick Balaguer
Zebrafish, Danio rerio, is increasingly used as an animal model to study the effects of pharmaceuticals and environmental estrogens. As most of these estrogens have only been tested on human estrogen receptors (ERs), it is necessary to measure their effects on zebrafish ERs. In humans there are two distinct nuclear ERs (hERα and hERβ), whereas the zebrafish genome encodes three ERs, zfERα and two zfERβs (zfERβ1 and zfERβ2). In this study, we established HeLa-based reporter cell lines stably expressing each of the three zfERs...
October 1, 2014: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Denis Habauzit, François Ferrière, Nadine Botherel, Gilles Flouriot, Farzad Pakdel, Christian Saligaut
Xeno-estrogens, a class of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), can disturb estrogen receptor-dependent pathways involved in differentiation, proliferation or protection. Multiple methods have been developed to characterize the disturbances induced by EDCs in different cells or organs. In this study we have developed a new tool for the assessment of estrogenic compounds on differentiation. For this purpose we used the global model of NGF-induced neurite outgrowth of a pseudoneuronal PC12 cell line stably transfected with estrogen receptor alpha (PC12 ER)...
October 2014: Chemosphere
Antoine Boudot, Gwenneg Kerdivel, Sylvain Lecomte, Gilles Flouriot, Mireille Desille, Florence Godey, Jean Leveque, Patrick Tas, Yves Le Dréan, Farzad Pakdel
BACKGROUND: The orphan receptors COUP-TF (chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor) I and II are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily that play distinct and critical roles in vertebrate organogenesis. The involvement of COUP-TFs in cancer development has recently been suggested by several studies but remains poorly understood. METHODS: MCF-7 breast cancer cells overexpressing COUP-TFI and human breast tumors were used to investigate the role of COUP-TFI in the regulation of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling axis in relation to cell growth and migration...
2014: BMC Cancer
Gilles Flouriot, Guillaume Huet, Florence Demay, Farzad Pakdel, Noureddine Boujrad, Denis Michel
In addition to soluble factors, mechanical constraints and extracellular matrix stiffness are important regulators of cell fate that are mediated by cytoskeletal modifications. The EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) that occurs during normal development and malignant progression is a typical example of the phenotypic switch associated with profound actin remodelling and changes in gene expression. For instance, actin dynamics control motile cell functions in EMT, in part, through regulating the subcellular localization of the myocardin-related transcription factor MKL1 (megakaryoblastic leukaemia translocation 1), a co-activator of SRF (serum-responsive factor)...
July 15, 2014: Biochemical Journal
Gwenneg Kerdivel, Antoine Boudot, Denis Habauzit, Frederic Percevault, Florence Demay, Farzad Pakdel, Gilles Flouriot
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) is generally considered to be a good prognostic marker because almost 70% of ERα-positive tumors respond to anti-hormone therapies. Unfortunately, during cancer progression, mammary tumors can escape from estrogen control, resulting in resistance to treatment. In this study, we demonstrate that activation of the actin/megakaryoblastic leukemia 1 (MKL1) signaling pathway promotes the hormonal escape of estrogen-sensitive breast cancer cell lines. The actin/MKL1 signaling pathway is silenced in differentiated ERα-positive breast cancer MCF-7 and T47D cell lines and active in ERα-negative HMT-3522 T4-2 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, which have undergone epithelial-mesenchymal transition...
June 5, 2014: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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