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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050043/-malpractice-claims-against-pediatricians-analysis-of-expert-testimonies-from-the-medical-service-of-health-insurance-companies-between-2000-and-2014
#1
Heiko Steinhauer, Joachim Holzschuh, Thomas Böhler
Background In Germany, few data are available on medical malpractice claims against pediatricians. On behalf of Statutory Health Insurance Companies their Medical Service (MDK) regularly offers expert testimony in case of allegations during pediatric treatment. Methods Analysis of 374 written pediatric testimonies, documented between September 1st, 2000 and August 31st, 2014. Results 193 allegations against pediatricians were analysed separately for each sector of care (35% concerning outpatients, 28% normal inpatients, and 37% patients treated in an intensive care unit, ICU)...
October 19, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049120/a-contemporary-medicolegal-analysis-of-outpatient-medication-management-in-chronic-pain
#2
Christopher R Abrecht, Ethan Y Brovman, Penny Greenberg, Ellen Song, James P Rathmell, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Opioids are frequently used in chronic pain management but are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in some patient populations. An important avenue for identifying complications-including serious or rare complications-is the study of closed malpractice claims. The present study is intended to complement the existing closed claims literature by drawing on claims from a more recent timeframe through a partnership with a large malpractice carrier, the Controlled Risk Insurance Company (CRICO)...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048457/in-remembrance-of-a-colleague-and-a-friend
#3
L Luzi
The last paper of the two issues dedicated to Prof Carmine Melino has been written by Dr Lanfranco Luzi, a medical doctor, a pupil and a friend of Carmine Melino, also an appreciated writer. I believe that this inspired piece can close in the best way our initiative of commemorating Carmine Melino, the academician and the man, with both scientific articles and direct testimonies.
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035184/the-art-of-healing-through-narrative-medicine-in-clinical-practice-a-reflection
#4
Aeman Muneeb, Hena Jawaid, Natasha Khalid, Asad Mian
The art of medicine has roots that lie deep in developing the biopsychosocial connection. Understanding a human body (both its physiology and pathology) along with components of emotional and spiritual cores can lead to provision of excellent medical care and better outcomes. The harmonization of psychosocial consequences of a biological disease is helpful not just for health care professionals but also for patients. Where it keeps the empathy and compassion alive and results in greater patient satisfaction, it also helps boost the physician's morale...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034438/the-pathways-fertility-preservation-decision-aid-website-for-women-with-cancer-development-and-field-testing
#5
Terri L Woodard, Aubri S Hoffman, Laura A Covarrubias, Deborah Holman, Leslie Schover, Andrea Bradford, Derek B Hoffman, Aakrati Mathur, Jerah Thomas, Robert J Volk
PURPOSE: To improve survivors' awareness and knowledge of fertility preservation counseling and treatment options, this study engaged survivors and providers to design, develop, and field-test Pathways: a fertility preservation patient decision aid website for young women with cancer©. METHODS: Using an adapted user-centered design process, our stakeholder advisory group and research team designed and optimized the Pathways patient decision aid website through four iterative cycles of review and revision with clinicians (n = 21) and survivors (n = 14)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031651/vaccine-criticism-presence-and-arguments-on-french-speaking-websites
#6
A Nugier, F Limousi, N Lydié
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of vaccine criticism on the French Web and to analyze strategies and arguments used by opponents of vaccination. METHODS: The most frequently used keywords associated with the terms "vaccination" and "vaccine" on Google.fr in September 2013 were identified and searched for individually on Google.fr. The links presented in the first three pages of results were reviewed to identify the most frequent providers of information. The proportion of critical content was determined by website type and a content analysis was performed...
October 11, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017083/social-workers-views-on-pre-trial-therapy-in-cases-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-south-africa
#7
Ansie Fouché, Liana M P le Roux
This study sought to explore anecdotal reports that social workers in South Africa are often advised to postpone therapy with child complainants of sexual abuse until after the child's testimony, based on concerns of legal professionals that therapeutic interventions could influence the child's testimony. Applying purposive sampling and a qualitative research study, individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 18 social workers and one psychologist that provide therapeutic services to child complainants of sexual abuse in the Gauteng province...
October 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016385/a-history-into-genetic-and-epigenetic-evolution-of-food-tolerance-how-humanity-rapidly-evolved-by-drinking-milk-and-eating-wheat
#8
Carine Blanchard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Human exposure to wheat and milk is almost global worldwide. Yet the introduction of milk and wheat is very recent (5000-10 000 years) when compared to the human evolution. The last 4 decades have seen a rise in food allergy and food intolerance to milk and wheat. Often described as plurifactorial, the cause of allergic diseases is the result from an interplay between genetic predisposition and epigenetic in the context of environmental changes. RECENT FINDINGS: Genetic and epigenetic understanding and their contribution to allergy or other antigen-driven diseases have considerably advanced in the last few years...
October 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983963/beyond-rescue-implementation-and-evaluation-of-revised-naloxone-training-for-law-enforcement-officers
#9
Chin Hwa Gina Dahlem, Lisa King, Glynis Anderson, Ashton Marr, Jonathon Eric Waddell, Marci Scalera
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the implementation and evaluation of revised opioid overdose prevention and education of naloxone training for law enforcement officers (LEOs) that added: (1) a recovery testimony and (2) the process for deputy-initiated referrals postnaloxone administration. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Evaluation regarding the naloxone training included a pre- and postopioid overdose knowledge surveys (N = 114) and subsequent 1-year postnaloxone training outcomes...
October 6, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970304/invited-commentary-on-%C3%A2-when-unbearable-suffering-incites-psychiatric-patients-to-request-euthanasia
#10
Brendan D Kelly
Euthanasia is available in Belgium and Luxembourg for untreatable and unbearable suffering resulting from 'physical and/or psychological suffering that cannot be alleviated and results from a serious and incurable disease, caused by accident or illness'. Verhofstadt et al's valuable analysis of testimonials from psychiatric patients requesting euthanasia demonstrates that elements of this suffering might well be alleviated. We should not kill our patients.
October 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961474/narrative-fragmentation-in-child-sexual-abuse-the-role-of-age-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Sarah Miragoli, Elena Camisasca, Paola Di Blasio
The present study aimed to assess the effects of age and PTSD on the narrative fragmentation in memories for child sexual abuse. Lexical complexity, cohesion and coherence were analyzed within a group of 86 allegations of children (M=10years; SD=3.7; range: 4-17) who were victims of sexual abuse. Results illustrated that age played an important role in establishing narrative coherence and predicted the level of orientation, the sequence of events and the level of evaluation of the event. Instead, PTSD was related to narrative coherence and cohesion...
September 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952350/the-recommendations-of-icrp-publication-111-in-the-light-of-the-icrp-dialogue-initiative-in-fukushima
#12
J Lochard
Publication 111, published by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) in 2009, provided the first recommendations for dealing with the long-term recovery phase after a nuclear accident. Its focus is on the protection of people living in long-term contaminated areas after a nuclear accident, drawing on the experience of the Belarus population, Cumbrian sheep farmers in the UK, and Sami reindeer herders in Norway affected by the fallout from Chernobyl. The ICRP dialogue initiative in Fukushima confirmed what had been identified after Chernobyl, namely the very strong concern for health, particularly that of children, loss of control over everyday life, apprehension about the future, disintegration of family life and of the social and economic fabric, and the threat to the autonomy and dignity of affected people...
December 2016: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943746/educator-of-the-court-the-role-of-the-expert-witness-in-cases-involving-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Colleen M Berryessa
The role of the expert witness in legal contexts is to educate fact finders of the court who may have no background in the expert's area. This role can be especially difficult for those who assist in cases involving individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). As expert assistance on ASD is crucial to ensuring just outcomes for individuals diagnosed with ASD, knowledge on how expert witnesses perceive and approach their roles, and what factors may influence these perceptions, is essential. This qualitative research utilizes semi-structured interviews with a sample of expert witnesses in cases involving ASD, analyzed using a grounded-theory constant comparative analytic approach...
2017: Psychology, Crime & Law: PC & L
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940359/how-compliant-are-dental-practice-facebook-pages-with-australian-healthcare-advertising-regulations-a-netnographic-review
#14
Alexander C L Holden, Heiko Spallek
BACKGROUND: The National Law that regulates the dental and other healthcare professions in Australia sets out regulations that dictate how dental practices are to advertise. This study examines the extent to which the profession complies with these regulations and the potential impact that advertising may have upon professionalism. METHODS: A Facebook search of 38 Local Government Areas in Sydney, New South Wales was carried out to identify dental practices that had pages on this social media site...
September 22, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936925/gay-men-s-understanding-and-education-of-new-hiv-prevention-technologies-in-vancouver-canada
#15
Benjamin J Klassen, Nathan J Lachowsky, Sally Yue Lin, Joshua B Edward, Sarah A Chown, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore, Eric A Roth
Effective rollout of HIV treatment-based prevention such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention has been hampered by poor education, limited acceptability, and stigma among gay men. We undertook a thematic analysis regarding the education sources and acceptability of these New Prevention Technologies (NPTs) using 15 semistructured interviews with gay men in Vancouver, Canada, who were early adopters of NPTs. NPT education was derived from a variety of sources, including the Internet, health care providers, community organizations, sexual partners, and peers; participants also emphasized their own capacities as learners and educators...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934684/scientific-evidence-for-the-identification-of-an-aboriginal-massacre-at-the-sturt-creek-sites-on-the-kimberley-frontier-of-north-western-australia
#16
Pamela A Smith, Mark D Raven, Keryn Walshe, Robert W Fitzpatrick, F Donald Pate
Archival research into episodes of frontier violence in the Kimberley region of Western Australia indicate that the bodies of Aboriginal victims of massacres were frequently incinerated following the event. This paper presents the results of a scientific investigation of a reported massacre at Sturt Creek where burnt bone fragments were identified in two adjacent sites and documents the archaeological signatures associated with the sites. The methodology used to undertake the project brought together three systems of knowledge: the oral testimonies of the descent group originating from a sole adult survivor of the massacre; archival, historical and scientific research...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931011/individual-versus-group-decision-making-jurors-reliance-on-central-and-peripheral-information-to-evaluate-expert-testimony
#17
Jessica M Salerno, Bette L Bottoms, Liana C Peter-Hagene
To investigate dual-process persuasion theories in the context of group decision making, we studied low and high need-for-cognition (NFC) participants within a mock trial study. Participants considered plaintiff and defense expert scientific testimony that varied in argument strength. All participants heard a cross-examination of the experts focusing on peripheral information (e.g., credentials) about the expert, but half were randomly assigned to also hear central information highlighting flaws in the expert's message (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922829/the-threshold-of-the-state-civil-defence-the-blackout-and-the-home-in-second-world-war-britain
#18
James Greenhalgh
This article reconsiders the way that the British state extended its control of the home during the Second World War, using the implementation of air raid precautions and the blackout as a lens through which to view the state's developing attitudes to domestic space. Presented here is not the familiar story of pitch-dark, dangerous streets or altered cityscapes of fear and destruction; instead, by examining personal testimony the article inverts traditional treatments of the blackout to look at the interior of dwellings, demonstrating how the realities of total warfare impinged upon the psychological elements that constituted the home...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922828/telling-stories-about-post-war-britain-popular-individualism-and-the-crisis-of-the-1970s
#19
Emily Robinson, Camilla Schofield, Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite, Natalie Thomlinson
This article argues that, by the 1970s, people in Britain were increasingly insistent about defining and claiming their individual rights, identities and perspectives. Using individual narratives and testimonies, we show that many were expressing desires for greater personal autonomy and self-determination. We suggest that this was an important trend across the post-war decades, and of particular importance to understanding the 1970s. This popular individualism was not the result of Thatcher; if anything, it was a cause of Thatcherism...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915815/designing-an-implementation-intervention-with-the-behaviour-change-wheel-for-health-provider-smoking-cessation-care-for-australian-indigenous-pregnant-women
#20
Gillian S Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We aimed to develop an implementation intervention to improve smoking cessation care (SCC) for pregnant Indigenous smokers, an outcome to be achieved by training health providers at Aboriginal Medical Services (AMS) in a culturally competent approach, developed collaboratively with AMS...
September 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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