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Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy, Jennifer Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Cannabis cultivation in Morocco's mountainous Rif region is undergoing its most profound development since mass production of hashish began in the early 1980s. The adoption of high-yielding varieties of cannabis, modern agricultural practices, and modern hashish production techniques began in the mid-2000s and accelerated after the mid-2010s, with the result that more potent and varied cannabis derivatives are now being produced and that increased quantities of highly potent hashish are seized in Europe...
June 6, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Carmit Katz, Zion Barnetz
Confrontations and cross-examination are considered to be a vital stage in forensic investigations; however, laboratory and field studies have systematically shown their adverse effects on children`s testimonies. The current field study aimed to assess the strategies utilized, and the frequency with which they are used, in confrontations within forensic investigations involving children following suspected abuse, and to assess their effects on the children's testimonies. The forensic investigations were conducted using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Protocol...
June 6, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Toni C Stockton, Emil A Tanghetti, Edward Lain, Joshua A Zeichner, Nancy Alvandi
BACKGROUND: Dapsone gel, 7.5% is a topical medication approved for acne in patients aged 12 years and older. Clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of once-daily dapsone gel, 7.5% in patients with moderate acne. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report is to describe the clinical course of 8 patients who participated in a 12-week program using once-daily dapsone gel, 7.5% as monotherapy for acne in a real-world clinical setting. MONOTHERAPY PROGRAM: Male and female adults and adolescents with facial acne, representing a broad range of ages, skin phototypes, and ethnicities, and with no prior use of dapsone gel, 7...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Raffaella Nenna, Laura Petrarca, Giuseppe Fabio Parisi, Isaac Almendros, Sabine Bartel, Jana De Brandt
An overview of @ERStalk fellowship opportunities with testimonials from previous fellows, and 12 tips for getting involved in #ERSCongress from @EarlyCareerERS
June 2018: Breathe
Howard Y Park, Stephen D Zoller, William L Sheppard, Vishal Hegde, Ryan A Smith, Rachel M Borthwell, Samuel J Clarkson, Christopher D Hamad, Joshua D Proal, Nicholas M Bernthal
BACKGROUND: According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Standards of Professionalism, the responsible testimony of expert witnesses in orthopaedic surgery malpractice lawsuits is important to the public interest. However, these expert witnesses are recruited and compensated without established standards, and their testimony can potentially sway court opinion, with substantial consequences. The objective of this study was to characterize defense and plaintiff expert orthopaedic surgeon witnesses in orthopaedic surgery malpractice litigation...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
K M Yount, S Miedema, K H Krause, C J Clark, J S Chen, C Del Rio
In this essay, we discuss the under-representation of women in leadership positions in global health (GH) and the importance of mentorship to advance women's standing in the field. We then describe the mentorship model of GROW, Global Research for Women. We describe the theoretical origins of the model and an adapted theory of change explaining how the GROW model for mentorship advances women's careers in GH. We present testimonials from a range of mentees who participated in a pilot of the GROW model since 2015...
2018: Global health, epidemiology and genomics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nature
I Rivierez, G Quatremere, B Spire, J Ghosn, D Rojas Castro
Before January 2016, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), a new biomedical HIV-prevention tool, was only available in France via ANRS-Ipergay clinical study but informal use was reported outside this setting. PrEPage qualitative study reports profiles and experiences of participants who used PrEP outside of a biomedical trial before this prevention method was authorized. Between March 2015 and February 2016, a cross-section of twenty-four informal PrEP users, mostly MSM, was recruited to complete in-depth semi-structured interviews...
May 30, 2018: AIDS Care
Danial Laird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
Kyoko Hine, Yuji Itoh
Our memories are quite fragile. We sometimes recognize something unseen as something seen before. This error often causes serious problems, such as the misidentification of composite faces in a criminal investigation. In such a scene, people occasionally claim to have seen a face that is actually a composite face consisting of facial parts separately seen before; this error is called the memory conjunction error. Although the likelihood of the memory conjunction error increases over time, previous studies suggest that it could be suppressed by the number of response options, which are expected to affect the criterion for the "Old" response...
May 30, 2018: Journal of General Psychology
Karima Modjadidi, Margaret Bull Kovera
We investigated whether watching a videotaped photo array administration or expert testimony could sensitize jurors to the suggestiveness of single-blind eyewitness identification procedures. Mock jurors recruited from the community (N = 231) watched a videotaped simulation of a robbery trial in which the primary evidence against the defendant was an eyewitness identification. We varied whether the witness made an identification from a single- or double-blind photo array, the evidence included a videotape of the photo array procedure, and an expert testified about the effects of single-blind identification procedures on administrators' behaviors and witness accuracy...
June 2018: Law and Human Behavior
Eileen J B Thrower
INTRODUCTION: This article provides an account of the establishment and development of the contemporary nurse-midwifery profession in Georgia, which was previously undocumented. Oral history interviews with nurse-midwives who were in clinical and educational practice in Georgia during the 1970s and 1980s were collected and analyzed to identify factors that affected the establishment of nurse-midwifery in this state. METHODS: This study relied on historical methodology...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
S N Kunz, S Þórðardóttir, R Rúnarsdóttir
Cases of intoxication in combination with extreme agitation, physical exertion and restraint are mainly associated with restraint-related deaths (RRD) in the context of police use of force. In these cases, the mechanism of death usually mentioned is RRD associated with drug-induced excited delirium. To the best of our knowledge, there are no cases published on RRD that occurred during a physical encounter among civilians. We present a case of a 39-year old man, who died during a struggle with another person while being chokehold in a prone position with a knee on his back...
May 3, 2018: Forensic Science International
Erin D Boyd, Janice M Phillips, Yu-Mei M Schoenberger, Tina Simpson
INTRODUCTION: Half of all new human papillomavirus (HPV) infections occur in adolescents and young adults, and this population has poor HPV vaccination rates. Rural areas of the U.S. have high rates of HPV-related diseases and low vaccination rates as well. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived barriers and facilitators to HPV vaccination among adolescents and their caregivers in rural south Alabama. METHODS: Vaccinated and non-vaccinated adolescents ages 11-18 years old and primary caregivers were recruited from three rural counties in south Alabama...
May 21, 2018: Vaccine
Pooja Lakshmin, Veronica Slootsky, Peter B Polatin, James L Griffith
Testimonial psychotherapy is a therapeutic ritual for facilitating the recovery of survivors of human rights violations that focuses on sharing the trauma narrative. Originally developed in Chile as a method for collecting evidence during legal proceedings, testimonial therapy has been widely applied transculturally as a unique treatment modality for populations that are not amenable to traditional Western psychotherapy. In this case report, we first review the literature on testimonial therapy to this date...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Ana Luíza Barreto de Oliveira, Tânia Maria de Oliva Menezes
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meaning of religion/religiosity for the elderly. METHOD: A qualitative, phenomenological study, based on Martin Heidegger. Thirteen older women registered in an Urban Social Center of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil aged between 60 and 84 years participated in the study. The collection of testimonies was carried out from November 2013 to May 2014 through phenomenological interviews. RESULTS: Hermeneutics has unveiled the unit of meaning: Meanings of religion/religiosity in the daily life of the elderly...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Steven Donahue, Michael Schwien, Danielle LaVallee
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization is one of the few circumstances in which the lives of trafficking victims intersect with the general population. Based on survivor testimonies, the majority of human trafficking victims may receive medical treatment in a hospital's emergency department while in captivity. With evidenced-based training, ED personnel have a better opportunity to screen persons who are being trafficked and intervene on their behalf. METHODS: This project examined the efficacy of an innovative, evidence-based online training module (HTEmergency...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Asam Latif, Baguiasri Mandane, Emma Anderson, Caroline Barraclough, Samantha Travis
Background: As global life expectancy increases, older people with chronic diseases are being required to manage multiple and complex medicine regimes. However, polypharmacy raises the risk of medicine-related problems and preventable hospital admissions. To improve medicine use, English community pharmacies are commissioned to deliver Medicines Use Reviews (MURs), which are typically delivered from the pharmacy. People who are homebound rarely receive the service. This paper describes the uptake and impact of a pilot project that seeks to provide domiciliary Medicines Use Reviews (dMURs)...
2018: Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice
Kimberly E Vanderbilt, Karlena D Ochoa, Jayd Heilbrun
The present research investigated whether young children link the accuracy of text-based information to the accuracy of its author. Across three experiments, three- and four-year-olds (N = 231) received information about object labels from accurate and inaccurate sources who provided information both in text and verbally. Of primary interest was whether young children would selectively rely on information provided by more accurate sources, regardless of the form in which the information was communicated. Experiment 1 tested children's trust in text-based information (e...
May 6, 2018: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
Nicola Rosaasen, Rahul Mainra, Azaad Kukha-Bryson, Victoria Nhin, Paraag Trivedi, Ahmed Shoker, Jay Wilson, Raj Padmanabh, Holly Mansell
BACKGROUND: Inadequate patient knowledge about transplantation can result in low patient satisfaction and contribute to poor clinical outcomes. The purpose of this patient-oriented research project was to develop an educational intervention for patients awaiting kidney transplantation. METHODS: An educational intervention was developed by patients and health care providers, experts in medication adherence, video education, motivational psychology, and cultural education...
April 26, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
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