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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818629/hospice-she-yelped-examining-the-quantity-and-quality-of-decision-support-available-to-patient-and-families-considering-hospice
#1
Grace Finnigan-Fox, Dan D Matlock, Channing E Tate, Christopher E Knoepke, Larry A Allen
BACKGROUND: Whether to engage hospice is one of the most difficult medical decisions patients and families make. Meanwhile, misperceptions about hospice persist. Within this context, the breadth and depth of patient decision support materials for hospice is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Identify available patient decision aids (PtDAs) relating information about hospice care and compare that information to the informational needs expressed by real-world healthcare consumers...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#2
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807604/focusing-on-the-implementation-of-21st-century-vaccines-for-adults
#3
Paolo Bonanni, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Emilia Tiscione, Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini
Adult immunization is a priority for public health, particularly in countries where an aging population has become increasingly more numerous. Protection against diseases which typically affect adults (like flu, pneumococcal diseases and Herpes zoster), the shift of age of infections which originally affected children (like measles), the decreasing protection with time for infections which need periodical booster doses of vaccines (Tdap), the availability of vaccines which can also impact on adult health (HPV) are only some examples of the importance of implementing targeted vaccination strategies...
August 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793811/cognitive-foundations-of-learning-from-testimony
#4
Paul L Harris, Melissa A Koenig, Kathleen H Corriveau, Vikram K Jaswal
Humans acquire much of their knowledge from the testimony of other people. An understanding of the way that information can be conveyed via gesture and vocalization is present in infancy. Thus, infants seek information from well-informed interlocutors, supply information to the ignorant, and make sense of communicative acts that they observe from a third-party perspective. This basic understanding is refined in the course of development. As they age, children's reasoning about testimony increasingly reflects an ability not just to detect imperfect or inaccurate claims but also to assess what inferences may or may not be drawn about informants given their particular situation...
August 9, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780776/intraocular-lens-power-calculation-in-eyes-after-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-or-photorefractive-keratectomy-for-myopia
#5
Adi Abulafia, Warren E Hill, Li Wang, Olga Reitblat, Douglas D Koch
Intraocular power calculation is challenging for patients who have previously undergone corneal refractive surgery. The sources of prediction errors for these eyes are well known; however, the numerous formulas and methods available for calculating intraocular lens power in these cases are eloquent testimony to the absence of a definitive solution. This review discusses some of the available methods for improving the accuracy for predicting the refractive outcome for these patients. It focuses mainly on the methods available on the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) online calculator and provides some practical guidelines for cataract surgeons who encounter these challenging cases...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767375/a-trust-model-for-ubiquitous-healthcare-environment-on-the-basis-of-adaptable-fuzzy-probabilistic-inference-system
#6
Georgia Athanasiou, George C Anastasopoulos, Eleni Tiritidou, Dimitrios Lymberopoulos
Trust is considered to be a determinant on psychologist selection which can ensure patient satisfaction. Hence, trust concept is essential to be introduced into Ubiquitous Healthcare (UH) environment oriented on patients with anxiety disorders. This is accomplished by Trust Model estimating psychologists' trustworthiness, a priory to service delivery, with the use of patient's and his/her acquaintances testimonies, i.e. Personal Interaction Experience (PIE) and Reputation (R). In this paper, Trust Model is proposed to be materialized via an Adaptable Cloud Inference System (ACIS) that performs Trust Value (TV) estimation...
July 28, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746485/an-interview-with-steven-j-lindauer
#7
Steven J Lindauer
There are so many compliments to Dr. Steven Lindauer that is hard for one to figure where to start from… Well, travelling backwards in time, all the way to the year 2000, I went to Virginia to study English at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), in Richmond, Virginia, USA. During my daily walks to the English school, I used to pass by the School of Dentistry, where the Department of Orthodontics was. That was the place where my very first "contact" with the VCU happened. In 2015, 15 years later, I had the pleasure to go back to the VCU and spend two days with Dr...
May 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743138/-iso-9001-2015-certification-in-quality-management
#8
Christian Enders, Gabriele E Lang, Gerhard K Lang, Jens Ulrich Werner
Quality management improves the structures, processes and results of organizations of all kinds. Many practices and clinics have their existing quality management system certified according to ISO 9001, (e.g., to check their own quality management system or to obtain a testimonial against third parties). The latest version ISO 9001:2015 contains some changes, both structurally and in terms of content. These changes can be met with reasonable efforts. An ISO 9001:2015 certification represents a value for your organization, but these advantages are often not directly measurable...
July 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739937/why-eyewitnesses-fail
#9
Thomas D Albright
Eyewitness identifications play an important role in the investigation and prosecution of crimes, but it is well known that eyewitnesses make mistakes, often with serious consequences. In light of these concerns, the National Academy of Sciences recently convened a panel of experts to undertake a comprehensive study of current practice and use of eyewitness testimony, with an eye toward understanding why identification errors occur and what can be done to prevent them. The work of this committee led to key findings and recommendations for reform, detailed in a consensus report entitled Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification In this review, I focus on the scientific issues that emerged from this study, along with brief discussions of how these issues led to specific recommendations for additional research, best practices for law enforcement, and use of eyewitness evidence by the courts...
July 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725087/psychosynthesis-a-foundational-bridge-between-psychology-and-spirituality
#10
Catherine Ann Lombard
Pastoral psychologists have long tried to establish a working model that encompasses the seemingly conflicting disciplines of science and religion. Psychosynthesis, a transpersonal psychology and therapeutic approach, offers such a model of the human personality, in which the psychological and spiritual perspectives can converge. This article explores psychosynthesis psychology and therapy as a theoretical framework for pastoral psychology. Although psychosynthesis psychotherapy relies on an array of techniques, it fundamentally works with the clients' will while emphasizing, exploring, and cultivating their relationships on all levels-intrapersonal, interpersonal, and with the Higher Self...
2017: Pastoral Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712901/henry-ii-of-france-1519-1559-and-his-death-from-meningoencephalitis-following-a-cranial-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Konstantinos Markatos, Marianna Karamanou, Konstantina Arkoudi, Georgios Androutsos
The purpose of this historical review is to summarize the most significant theories on the cause of death of King Henry II of France (1519-1559) and the circumstances under which it occurred. Although the testimonies are inconclusive and vague, post mortem analysis showed that the cause of death of the King was meningoencephalitis, caused by haematoma of cerebral contusion, with effusion in the cerebral laminae, in its surrounding tissue initiated from a periorbital fracture.
July 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712468/the-impact-of-counter-perceptual-testimony-on-children-s-categorization-after-a-delay
#12
Samuel Ronfard, Jonathan D Lane, Muanjing Wang, Paul L Harris
When preschoolers are presented with a label for an entity that conflicts with its appearance, they sometimes rely on the new label rather than on the entity's appearance to categorize the entity and to infer its properties. We examined whether children's learning from such claims is short-lived or long-lasting and whether the persistence of their learning depends on the degree of fit between those claims and the available perceptual evidence. Children aged 3-5years (N=71) were asked to categorize hybrids. These hybrids combined 75% of the features from one animal or object with 25% of the features from a different animal or object...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708142/experimental-validation-of-phase-only-pre-compensation-over-494%C3%A2-%C3%A2-m-free-space-propagation
#13
Aoife Brady, René Berlich, Nina Leonhard, Teresa Kopf, Paul Böttner, Ramona Eberhardt, Claudia Reinlein
It is anticipated that ground-to-geostationary orbit (GEO) laser communication will benefit from pre-compensation of atmospheric turbulence for laser beam propagation through the atmosphere. Theoretical simulations and laboratory experiments have determined its feasibility; extensive free-space experimental validation has, however, yet to be fulfilled. Therefore, we designed and implemented an adaptive optical (AO)-box which pre-compensates an outgoing laser beam (uplink) using the measurements of an incoming beam (downlink)...
July 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693008/two-landmark-studies-published-in-1976-1977-paved-the-way-for-the-recognition-of-human-papillomavirus-as-the-major-cause-of-the-global-cancer-burden
#14
Kari J Syrjänen
Two groundbreaking reports were published in Acta Cytologica at the transition of 1976 to 1977. One appeared in the last issue of 1976 [Meisels and Fortin: Acta Cytol 1976;20:505-509] and the other in the first issue of 1977 [Purola and Savia: Acta Cytol 1977;21:26-31]. Today, 40 years later, it is not an overstatement to conclude that these are the two most influential studies ever published in this journal. Two reports with a similar content being published so close together (in the same journal) raised the question "Which of the two reports was truly submitted first?" In this commentary, this enigma is clarified beyond reasonable doubt, based on the well-considered testimonial of Prof...
2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690482/barber-say-syndrome-and-ablepharon-macrostomia-syndrome-a-patient-s-view
#15
Beatrice De Maria, Tresia de Jager, Caitlin Sarubbi, Oliver Bartsch, Alberto Bianchi, Francesco Brancati, Hon-Yin B Chung, Albert David, Ariana Kariminejad, Maura Foresti, Marina Gallottini, Bertrand Isidor, Shannon Marchegiani, Fabiana Martins, Laura Mazzanti, Nathalie Roche, Ankur Singh, Cathy Stevens, Kenichi Suga, Martin Zenker, Raoul C Hennekam
Barber-Say syndrome (BSS) and ablepharon-macrostomia syndrome (AMS) are infrequently reported congenital malformation disorders caused by mutations in the TWIST2 gene. Both are characterized by abnormalities in ectoderm-derived structures and cause a very unusual morphology of mainly the face in individuals with otherwise normal cognition and normal physical functioning. We studied the impact that the presence of BSS and AMS has on psychosocial functioning of affected individuals and their families, using their point of view to start with...
June 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690350/impartiality-statistical-tit-for-tats-and-the-construction-of-balance-uk-television-news-reporting-of-the-2016-eu-referendum-campaign
#16
Stephen Cushion, Justin Lewis
There has been greater news industry recognition in recent years that impartiality should not be translated into simply balancing the competing sides of a debate or issue. The binary nature of a referendum campaign represents a unique moment to consider whether broadcasters have put this into practice beyond routine political reporting. This study examines how impartiality was editorially interpreted in television news coverage during the United Kingdom's 2016 European Union referendum. We carried out a systematic content analysis of the United Kingdom's main evening bulletins over the 10-week campaign, examining the issues and sources shaping coverage, as well as all the statistical claims made by campaign actors...
June 2017: Eur J Commun
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688200/conflicts-of-interest-in-emergency-medicine
#17
Joel Martin Geiderman, Kenneth V Iserson, Catherine A Marco, John Jesus, Arvind Venkat
Conflicts of interest are common in the practice of emergency medicine and may be present in the areas of clinical practice, relations with industry, expert witness testimony, medical education, research, and organizations. A conflict of interest occurs when there is dissonance between a primary interest and another interest. The concept of professionalism in medicine places the patient as the primary interest in any interaction with a physician. We contend that patient welfare is the ultimate interest in the entire enterprise of medicine...
July 8, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679012/rural-religious-leaders-perspectives-on-their-communities-health-priorities-and-health
#18
Nancy E Schoenberg, Mark Swanson
OBJECTIVES: In traditionally underserved communities, faith-based interventions have been shown to be effective for health promotion. Religious leaders-generally the major partner in such interventions-however, are seldom are consulted about community health priorities and health promotion preferences. These insights are critical to ensure productive partnerships, effective programming, and sustainability. METHODS: Mixed-methods surveys were administered in one of the nation's most under-resourced regions: rural Appalachia...
July 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643604/long-non-coding-rnas-new-biomarkers-for-prognosis-and-diagnosis-of-colon-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Heng Deng, Jian Min Wang, Ming Li, Ran Tang, Kun Tang, Yingzi Su, Yong Hou, Jun Zhang
Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs has been found in many human cancers, including colorectal cancer that is still the third most prevalent cancer worldwide and related to poor prognosis; along with this, robust testimony has identified that long non-coding RNAs can take charge of tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes. This review summarizes nowadays research achievements on the character of long non-coding RNAs in the prognosis and diagnosis of colorectal cancer. On the basis of the results acquired in the last decade, some long non-coding RNAs are rising as biomarkers of colorectal cancer for prognosis, diagnosis, even prediction of therapeutic result, and have crucial effects in the regulation of colorectal cancer cell functions such as proliferation, invasion, apoptosis, metastasis, and drug resistant ability...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634259/effectiveness-of-an-online-support-programme-supr-for-older-hearing-aid-users-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Janine Fj Meijerink, Marieke Pronk, Bernadette Paulissen, Birgit I Witte, Bregje van der Wouden, Vera Jansen, Sophia E Kramer
BACKGROUND: An educational SUpport PRogramme called SUPR has been developed for hearing aid users (HAUs) and their communication partners (CPs) offering care beyond hearing aid fitting. SUPR teaches its users communication strategies, hearing aid handling skills and personal adjustment to hearing impairment. METHODS/DESIGN: Using a cluster randomised controlled trial design, 70 Dutch hearing aid dispenser practices were randomised into hearing aid fitting (care as usual, 34 practices) and hearing aid fitting including SUPR (36 practices)...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
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