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Testimony

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240325/tort-law-expert-testimony-in-asbestos-litigation-district-of-south-carolina-holds-the-every-exposure-theory-insufficient-to-demonstrate-specific-causation-even-if-legal-conclusions-are-scientifically-sound-haskins-v-3m-co-nos-2-15-cv-02086-3-15-cv-02123-2017
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229655/new-zealand-policy-experts-appraisal-of-interventions-to-reduce-smoking-in-young-adults-a-qualitative-investigation
#2
Jude Ball, Janet Hoek, El Shadan Tautolo, Heather Gifford
OBJECTIVES: Reducing smoking in young adults, particularly young Māori and Pacific, is vital for reducing tobacco harm and health inequalities in New Zealand (NZ). We investigated how NZ policy experts appraised the feasibility and likely effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce smoking prevalence among 18-24 year olds. DESIGN: We used a qualitative design, conducting semistructured interviews and applying thematic analysis. PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 15 key informants, including politicians, senior policy analysts and leading tobacco control advocates...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225933/changing-views-on-child-mortality-and-economic-sanctions-in-iraq-a-history-of-lies-damned-lies-and-statistics
#3
REVIEW
Tim Dyson, Valeria Cetorelli
In August 1990, Saddam Hussein's army invaded Kuwait and consequently the United Nations imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. In 1991, an international military alliance expelled the Iraqi army from Kuwait during a short war. Nevertheless, the economic sanctions remained in place-their removal required that Iraq should destroy its weapons of mass destruction. Subsequent years saw reports of acute suffering in Iraq. The sanctions undoubtedly greatly reduced the country's ability to import supplies of food and medicine...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223070/trusting-others-shared-reality-in-testimonial-learning
#4
REVIEW
Annelise Pesch, Sarah Suárez, Melissa A Koenig
Much of early learning depends on others, and the transmission of testimony presents children with a range of opportunities to learn about and from other people. Much work has focused on children's ability to select or prefer particular sources of information based on various epistemic (e.g. accuracy, reliability, perceptual access, expertise) and moral (e.g. benevolence, group membership, honesty) characteristics. Understanding the mechanisms by which such selective preferences emerge has been couched primarily in frameworks that treat testimony as a source of inductive evidence, and that treat children's trust as an evidence-based inference...
November 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210185/redemption-of-the-spoiled-identity-the-role-of-hiv-positive-individuals-in-hiv-care-cascade-interventions
#5
Carol S Camlin, Edwin D Charlebois, Elvin Geng, Fred Semitala, Jeanna Wallenta, Monica Getahun, Leatitia Kampiire, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Norton Sang, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Tamara D Clark, Maya L Petersen, Moses R Kamya, Diane V Havlir
INTRODUCTION: The concept of "therapeutic citizenship" has drawn attention to ways in which public testimony, the "story-telling in the public sphere" undertaken by people living with HIV (PLHIV), has shaped the global response to the epidemic. This paper presents qualitative findings from two large studies in eastern Africa that reveal how the advent of population-based HIV testing campaigns and efforts to accelerate antiretroviral "treatment for all" has precipitated a rapidly expanding therapeutic citizenship "project," or social movement...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197399/abortion-debates-in-finland-and-the-republic-of-ireland-textual-analysis-of-experiential-thinking-and-argumentation-in-parliamentary-and-layperson-discussions
#6
Anne-Mari Mustonen, Tommi Paakkonen, Esko Ryökäs, Petteri Nieminen
BACKGROUND: The ethical discussion about abortion has been polarized in Finland and the Republic of Ireland, two European countries with very different abortion legislation (liberal vs. highly restrictive). The aim of the present study was to analyze experiential thinking patterns and argumentative strategies in political and layperson debates regarding induced abortion. METHODS: The content of Finnish and Irish texts (n = 493), consisting of transcripts of parliamentary debates and online texts, such as blogs, was analyzed systematically...
December 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194797/dental-calculus-the-calcified-biofilm-and-its-role-in-disease-development
#7
REVIEW
Aliye Akcalı, Niklaus P Lang
Dental calculus represents the first fossilized record of bacterial communities as a testimony of evolutionary biology. The development of dental calculus is a dynamic process that starts with a nonmineralized biofilm which eventually calcifies. Nonmineralized dental biofilm entraps particles from the oral cavity, including large amounts of oral bacteria, human proteins, viruses and food remnants, and preserves their DNA. The process of mineralization involves metabolic activities of the bacterial colonies and strengthens the attachment of nonmineralized biofilms to the tooth surface...
December 1, 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191224/i-knew-how-it-feels-but-couldn-t-save-my-daughter-testimony-of-an-ethiopian-mother-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#8
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Beza Tamirat Mekete
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation/cutting as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is common in Ethiopia, especially among Somali (99%) ethnic groups. Even though FGM/C is labeled illegal practice according to the revised 2005 Penal Code of the country, the practice is still responsible for misery of many girls in Ethiopia...
December 1, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190143/perceptions-of-tobacco-control-media-campaigns-among-smokers-with-lower-socioeconomic-status
#9
Anna McCullough, Clare Meernik, Hannah Baker, Kristen Jarman, Barbara Walsh, Adam Goldstein
People with low socioeconomic status (SES) in the United States have disparately high rates of smoking and experience disproportionately high burdens of smoking-related disease. Tobacco control media campaigns are a critical strategy for reducing tobacco use prevalence, but evidence is mixed about the optimal use of mass media to reach and promote tobacco use cessation among people with low SES. Improved understanding of the factors influencing how low-SES tobacco users evaluate tobacco control media campaigns may inform development of more effective messages and strategies...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172569/the-emergence-of-the-empirical-stance-children-s-testing-of-counterintuitive-claims
#10
Samuel Ronfard, Eva E Chen, Paul L Harris
Although children often believe an adult's claims, they may have opportunities to check these claims by gathering relevant empirical evidence themselves. Here, we examine whether children seize such opportunities, especially when the claim is counterintuitive. Chinese preschool and elementary schoolchildren were presented with five different-sized Russian dolls and asked to indicate the heaviest doll. Almost all children selected the biggest doll. Half of the children then heard a false, counterintuitive claim (i...
November 27, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170151/social-media-and-the-intrauterine-device-a-youtube-content-analysis
#11
Brian T Nguyen, Allison J Allen
BACKGROUND: YouTube's online archive of video testimonials related to health information are more commonly viewed than those developed by clinicians and professional groups, suggesting the importance of the patient experience to viewers. We specifically sought to examine the accuracy of information on, and projected acceptability of, the intrauterine device (IUD) from these YouTube testimonials. METHODS: We searched YouTube for videos about individual uploaders' IUD experiences, using the search terms 'intrauterine device', 'IUD', 'Mirena' and 'Paragard'...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161902/organizational-level-recruitment-of-barbershops-as-health-promotion-intervention-study-sites-addressing-health-disparities-among-black-men
#12
Sula Hood, Marla Hall, Carrissa Dixon, David Jolly, Laura Linnan
This article describes the process and results associated with the organizational-level recruitment of Black barbershops into Fitness in the Shop (FITShop), a 6-month barbershop-based intervention study designed to promote physical activity among Black men. Organizational-level recruitment activities included (1) a telephone call to prospective barbershop owners to assess their interest and eligibility for participation, (2) an organizational eligibility letter sent to all interested and eligible barbershops, (3) a visit to interested and eligible barbershops, where a culturally sensitive informational video was shown to barbershop owners to describe the study activities and share testimonies from trusted community stakeholders, and (4) a signed agreement with barbershop owners and barbers, which formalized the organizational partnership...
March 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161219/a-case-study-perspective-the-experiences-of-young-persons-testifying-to-child-sexual-exploitation-in-british-criminal-court
#13
Elizabeth Ahern, Marlene Kowalski, Michael E Lamb
Three young persons who gave evidence about child sexual exploitation in criminal court using various testimonial supports were interviewed about their testimony experiences. The witnesses reported that they felt extreme pressure to remember events accurately and cared greatly about being believed. None reported their own coping strategies to alleviate stress and took comfort breaks only after they cried on the stand. Defense attorney questions were reportedly repetitive, rapid, confusing, and focused on secondary content rather than the central criminal acts...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156070/medical-crowdfunding-for-patients-undergoing-orthopedic-surgery
#14
Wesley M Durand, Joseph R Johnson, Adam E M Eltorai, Alan H Daniels
Crowdfunding for medical expenses is growing in popularity. Through several websites, patients create public campaign profiles to which donors can contribute. Research on medical crowdfunding is limited, and there have been no studies of crowdfunding in orthopedics. Active medical crowdfunding campaigns for orthopedic trauma, total joint arthroplasty, and spine surgery were queried from a crowdfunding website. The characteristics and outcomes of crowdfunding campaigns were abstracted and analyzed. For this study, 444 campaigns were analyzed, raising a total of $1,443,528...
November 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147630/sulforaphane-from-broccoli-reduces-symptoms-of-autism-a-follow-up-case-series-from-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#15
Rhoda Lynch, Eileen L Diggins, Susan L Connors, Andrew W Zimmerman, Kanwaljit Singh, Hua Liu, Paul Talalay, Jed W Fahey
Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects 1 in 68 children, is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication as well as restricted or repetitive behaviors, and varies widely with respect to its causes and presentations. There are no validated pharmacologic treatments for the core symptoms of ASD. The social, medical, and economic burdens of ASD on families and caregivers are profound. We recently showed in a small clinical trial that sulforaphane (SF) from broccoli sprouts could significantly reduce the behavioral symptoms of ASD...
2017: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137530/neuroanatomical-substrates-involved-in-unrelated-false-facial-recognition
#16
Eliane Ronzon-Gonzalez, Carlos R Hernandez-Castillo, Erick H Pasaye, Israel Vaca-Palomares, Juan Fernandez-Ruiz
Identifying faces is a process central for social interaction and a relevant factor in eyewitness theory. False recognition is a critical mistake during an eyewitness's identification scenario because it can lead to a wrongful conviction. Previous studies have described neural areas related to false facial recognition using the standard Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm (morphed faces, looking similar to each other), triggering false memories (related false recognition). Nonetheless, misidentification of faces without trying to elicit false memories (unrelated false recognition) in a police lineup could involve different cognitive processes, and therefore, distinct neural areas...
November 15, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108167/testimony-in-support-of-indiana-senate-bill-334-a-bill-to-prohibit-prenatal-discrimination-by-prohibiting-abortion-based-on-sex-selection-or-genetic-abnormality
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084345/a-gis-based-quantitative-approach-for-the-search-of-clandestine-graves-italy
#18
Roberta Somma, Maria Cascio, Massimiliano Silvestro, Eliana Torre
Previous research on the RAG color-coded prioritization systems for the discovery of clandestine graves has not considered all the factors influencing the burial site choice within a GIS project. The goal of this technical note was to discuss a GIS-based quantitative approach for the search of clandestine graves. The method is based on cross-referenced RAG maps with cumulative suitability factors to host a burial, leading to the editing of different search scenarios for ground searches showing high-(Red), medium-(Amber), and low-(Green) priority areas...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062461/an-analysis-of-malpractice-litigation-and-expert-witnesses-in-plastic-surgery
#19
Paul J Therattil, Stella Chung, Aditya Sood, Mark S Granick, Edward S Lee
Objective: Expert witness testimony is crucial for juror decision making. The goals of this study were to examine the trends in malpractice litigation in plastic surgery and to examine the characteristics of expert witnesses in litigation. Methods: The Westlaw legal database was queried for jury verdict and settlement reports related to plastic surgery cases from 2009 to 2015. Cases were examined for expert witness testimony, procedure performed, alleged injury, cause of action, verdict, and indemnity payments...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056625/the-development-of-a-community-engagement-workshop-a-community-led-approach-for-building-researcher-capacity
#20
Jake Coffey, Anna Huff-Davis, Christie Lindsey, Onie Norman, Henryetter Curtis, Calvin Criner, M Kathryn Stewart
BACKGROUND: Although community-engaged research (CEnR) is increasingly promoted in the literature, academic programs often fail to prepare researchers for the critical, ethical, and power issues involved in CEnR. This article documents a community-created and led workshop for CEnR researchers. OBJECTIVES: The workshop's main objective is to increase researchers' knowledge and felt experience of the "dos and don'ts" of CEnR in three research domains: entering the community, accommodating the realities and constraints of community-based organizations, and dissemination...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
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