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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914194/illness-narratives-of-people-who-are-homeless
#1
Cecilia Håkanson, Joakim Öhlén
Multiple illnesses are common in all homeless populations. While most previous studies have focused on experiences of mental illness, there is a scarcity of studies about experiences of bodily illness among people who are homeless. This study aimed to explore illness narratives of people who are homeless, and how homelessness as a social context shapes the experience of multiple and/or advancing somatic conditions. The design was a qualitative single-case study, using interpretive description. Data were generated through interviews, with nine participants who were homeless rough sleepers in Stockholm, Sweden, recruited while receiving care in a support home for homeless people with complex care needs...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903842/a-comprehensive-lifestyle-randomized-clinical-trial-design-and-initial-patient-experience
#2
Banu Arun, Taylor Austin, Gildy V Babiera, Karen Basen-Engquist, Cindy L Carmack, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen, Lisa Connelly, Robin Haddad, Carol Harrison, Yisheng Li, Smitha Mallaiah, Raghuram Nagarathna, Patricia A Parker, George H Perkins, James M Reuben, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Amy Spelman, Anil Sood, Peiying Yang, Sai-Ching J Yeung
BACKGROUND: Although epidemiological research demonstrates that there is an association between lifestyle factors and risk of breast cancer recurrence, progression of disease, and mortality, no comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trials have been conducted to determine if changing multiple risk factors leads to changes in biobehavioral processes and clinical outcomes in women with breast cancer. This article describes the design, feasibility, adherence to the intervention and data collection, and patient experience of a comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trial (CompLife)...
November 30, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902523/who-cares-what-we-think-so-here-s-what-we-see-the-testimony-of-a-student-nurse
#3
Victoria Daughen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899446/-if-you-are-empathetic-you-care-about-both-animals-and-people-i-am-a-nurse-and-i-don-t-like-to-see-suffering-anywhere-findings-from-103-healthcare-professionals-on-attitudes-to-animal-experimentation
#4
Andrée Dignon
This report presents qualitative and quantitative data from 103 UK healthcare professionals describing attitudes to the current system of animal testing (to produce medicines and health interventions). To gather qualitative testimony, these healthcare professionals were organised into six separate focus groups (of 18, 17, 17, 15, 17 and 19 participants) where they were asked 'what is your opinion about the current system of animal testing?' The study focussed on attitudes to the current system rather than attitudes to animal testing in general...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866685/garrett-hardin-s-tragic-sense-of-life
#5
Jason Oakes
I discuss biologist Garrett Hardin's view of human nature, with examples from the background to his seminal 1968 essay "The Tragedy of the Commons" and his testimony before the US House of Representatives in the 1970s. Hardin saw the human species as being governed by deterministic laws of the same kind that controlled all other forms of life. Humans, as much as cattle and microbes, were in inevitable competition for space and resources. Equal parts Malthusian political economy and Cold War systems science, his view was the survival of the human race depended on obeying these iron laws...
November 17, 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864668/unproven-therapies-for-diabetes-and-their-implications
#6
REVIEW
Jothydev Kesavadev, Banshi Saboo, Shaukat Sadikot, Ashok Kumar Das, Shashank Joshi, Rajeev Chawla, Hemant Thacker, Arun Shankar, Lakshmy Ramachandran, Sanjay Kalra
Diabetes is a chronic disease and is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Being an ancient disease, many individuals follow complementary and alternative medicinal (CAM) therapies for either the cure or prevention of the disease. The popularity of these practices among the general public is in no way a testimony to their safety and efficacy. Due to the possibility of undesirable interactions with conventional medicines, it is imperative that patients are asked about CAM use during patient assessment...
November 18, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861484/-on-alexander-s-pneumothorax-a-critical-appraisal
#7
Guillermo Delgado-García, Miguel Ángel Villarreal-Alarcón, Bruno Estañol-Vidal
According to the testimony of Ptolemy, which we know through Arrian, it has been assumed that Alexander the Great suffered a pneumothorax during his campaign against the Malli. In general, this assumption has been interpreted as a historical fact in medical literature. We consulted the same sources and concluded that it is unlikely that Alexander's arrow wound had given him a pneumothorax. In addition, we stressed the extra-historical content of classical sources.
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845539/review-of-clinical-uncertainty-in-primary-care-the-challenge-of-collaborative-engagement
#8
Jeffrey M Ring
Reviews the book, Clinical Uncertainty in Primary Care: The Challenge of Collaborative Engagement edited by Lucia Siegel Sommers and John Lautner (see record 2013-30484-000). The bulk of this book comprises a wide array of different models for collaborative uncertainty work. From Balint groups that help participants to tolerate uncertainty to narrative-based supervision that poses challenging self-reflective questions, each chapter provides a description of group intervention design, theoretical context, the structure for facilitation, and outcome data on impact...
March 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832376/on-the-importance-of-considering-heterogeneity-in-witnesses-competence-levels-when-reconstructing-crimes-from-multiple-witness-testimonies
#9
Berenike Waubert de Puiseau, Sven Greving, André Aßfalg, Jochen Musch
Aggregating information across multiple testimonies may improve crime reconstructions. However, different aggregation methods are available, and research on which method is best suited for aggregating multiple observations is lacking. Furthermore, little is known about how variance in the accuracy of individual testimonies impacts the performance of competing aggregation procedures. We investigated the superiority of aggregation-based crime reconstructions involving multiple individual testimonies and whether this superiority varied as a function of the number of witnesses and the degree of heterogeneity in witnesses' ability to accurately report their observations...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831541/dna-vaccine-delivery-and-improved-immunogenicity
#10
Kevin R Porter, Kanakatte Raviprakash
The promise of DNA vaccines is as compelling today as it was more than a decade ago. Ease of manufacture, stability at ambient temperatures without the need for a cold chain and its ability to mimic natural infections and elicit appropriate immune responses makes this vaccine platform extremely attractive. Although, human clinical trials of DNA vaccines have yielded less than optimal results, the approval and licensing of a few veterinary vaccines is testimony to the proof-of-concept and the hope that licensed DNA vaccines for human use may not be too far away...
November 10, 2016: Current Issues in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829575/efficacy-of-web-based-collection-of-strength-based-testimonials-for-text-message-extension-of-youth-suicide-prevention-program-randomized-controlled-experiment
#11
Phyo Thiha, Anthony R Pisani, Kunali Gurditta, Erin Cherry, Derick R Peterson, Henry Kautz, Peter A Wyman
BACKGROUND: Equipping members of a target population to deliver effective public health messaging to peers is an established approach in health promotion. The Sources of Strength program has demonstrated the promise of this approach for "upstream" youth suicide prevention. Text messaging is a well-established medium for promoting behavior change and is the dominant communication medium for youth. In order for peer 'opinion leader' programs like Sources of Strength to use scalable, wide-reaching media such as text messaging to spread peer-to-peer messages, they need techniques for assisting peer opinion leaders in creating effective testimonials to engage peers and match program goals...
November 9, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828882/get-the-message-a-teen-distracted-driving-program
#12
Ruth Adeola, Ashleigh Omorogbe, Abree Johnson
Elimination of distracted driving is becoming a public health priority. Each day, an average of 8 people are killed due to a distracted driver in the United Sates. Although all drivers are at risk, research has indicated that teenage drivers are overrepresented in motor vehicle crashes due to distracted driving. Teenage drivers are hindered by limited driving experience, and the illusion of invincibility is a common phase in social and cognitive adolescent development. "Get the Message: A Teenage Distracted Driving Program" was established at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center to identify, define, and measure the factors that contribute to distracted driving in teens...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827427/establishing-super-resolution-imaging-for-proteins-in-diatom-biosilica
#13
Philip Gröger, Nicole Poulsen, Jennifer Klemm, Nils Kröger, Michael Schlierf
The intricate, genetically controlled biosilica nano- and micropatterns produced by diatoms are a testimony for biology's ability to control mineral formation (biomineralization) at the nanoscale and regarded as paradigm for nanotechnology. Previously, several protein families involved in diatom biosilica formation have been identified, and many of them remain tightly associated with the final biosilica structure. Determining the locations of biosilica-associated proteins with high precision is, therefore expected to provide clues to their roles in biosilica morphogenesis...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826316/ltdna-evidence-on-trial
#14
Paul Roberts
Adopting the interpretative/hermeneutical method typical of much legal scholarship, this article considers two sets of issues pertaining to LTDNA profiles as evidence in criminal proceedings. The section titled Expert Evidence as Forensic Epistemic Warrant addresses some rather large questions about the epistemic status and probative value of expert testimony in general. It sketches a theoretical model of expert evidence, highlighting five essential criteria: (1) expert competence; (2) disciplinary domain; (3) methodological validity; (4) materiality; and (5) legal admissibility...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815055/strengths-and-deficiencies-in-the-content%C3%A2-of-us-radiology-private-practices-%C3%A2-websites
#15
Evan J Johnson, Ankur M Doshi, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
PURPOSE: The Internet provides a potentially valuable mechanism for radiology practices to communicate with patients and enhance the patient experience. The aim of this study was to assess the websites of US radiology private practices, with attention to the frequency of content of potential patient interest. METHODS: The 50 largest private practice radiology facilities in the United States were identified from RadiologyBusiness.com. Websites were reviewed for information content and functionality...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804029/development-of-a-tool-to-guide-parents-carrying-a-brca1-2-mutation-share-genetic-results-with-underage-children
#16
Ariane Santerre-Theil, Karine Bouchard, Dominique St-Pierre, Anne-Marie Drolet, Jocelyne Chiquette, Michel Dorval
Although most parents carrying a BRCA1/2 genetic mutation share their test result with their underage children, they report needing support to decide if, when, and how to share risk information and what reactions to expect from their children. We developed a tool to guide parents carrying a BRCA1/2 mutation share their genetic result with underage children. Here, we report on the development of this tool using a qualitative methodology. A tool prototype was developed based on the International Patient Decision Aids Standards Collaboration framework...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785975/are-eyewitness-accounts-biased-evaluating-false-memories-for-crimes-involving-in-group-or-out-group-conflict
#17
Alexis C Carpenter, Anne C Krendl
Eyewitness testimony has been shown to be unreliable and susceptible to false memories. Whether eyewitness memory errors are influenced by the victim's group membership (relative to both the eyewitness and perpetrator) is underexplored. The current study used complementary behavioral and neuroimaging approaches to test the hypothesis that intragroup conflict heightens participants' susceptibility to subsequent false memories. Healthy young adults witnessed and later answered questions about events in which the perpetrator and victim were either 1) identified as in-group members relative to each other and the eyewitness, 2) out-group members relative to the eyewitness, but not each other, or 3) out-group members relative to each other (Experiments 1a and 1b)...
November 17, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768189/usability-and-online-audiological-rehabilitation
#18
Elisabet Sundewall Thorén, Julie Hefting Pedersen, Nis Ove Jørnæs
Purpose: This paper describes the results from the iterative development and usability testing of an online audiological rehabilitation (OAR) program. The OAR was based on previous experience with Internet interventions and OAR. Method: The described OAR consisted of weekly learning modules, each of which had a specific topic and contained information and learning activities. A virtual coach, a trained audiologist, led the participants through the modules. The participants' feedback was collected using the "think-aloud" method in which the participants gave their feedback in a structured manner...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748024/contribution-of-sweet-to-improve-paediatric-diabetes-care-in-developing-countries
#19
Danièle Pacaud, Jean-François Lemay, Erick Richmond, Stéphane Besançon, Dhruvi Hasnani, Sujata M Jali, Carmen Mazza
Diabetes affects many children living in developing countries. Through an informal survey, five SWEET (Better control in Pediatric and Adolescent diabeteS: Working to crEate CEnTers of Reference) centers from developing countries (Mali, Costa Rica, Argentina and two from India) share their perspective on caring for children with diabetes. Each center provides a description of the population of children with diabetes they serve, the organization of care, and the challenges encountered on a daily basis in the provision of this care...
October 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732067/effect-of-message-format-and-content-on-attitude-accessibility-regarding-sexually-transmitted-infections
#20
Parul Jain, Eric Hoffman, Michael Beam, Shan Susan Xu
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are widespread in the United States among people ages 15-24 years and cost almost $16 billion yearly. It is therefore important to understand message design strategies that could help reduce these numbers. Guided by exemplification theory and the extended parallel process model (EPPM), this study examines the influence of message format and the presence versus absence of a graphic image on recipients' accessibility of STI attitudes regarding safe sex. Results of the experiment indicate a significant effect from testimonial messages on increased attitude accessibility regarding STIs compared to statistical messages...
October 12, 2016: Health Communication
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