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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820881/vector-competence-of-populations-of-aedes-aegypti-from-three-distinct-cities-in-kenya-for-chikungunya-virus
#1
Sheila B Agha, Edith Chepkorir, Francis Mulwa, Caroline Tigoi, Samwel Arum, Milehna M Guarido, Peris Ambala, Betty Chelangat, Joel Lutomiah, David P Tchouassi, Michael J Turell, Rosemary Sang
BACKGROUND: In April, 2004, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Kenya and eventually spread to the islands in the Indian Ocean basin, South-East Asia, and the Americas. The virus, which is often associated with high levels of viremia in humans, is mostly transmitted by the urban vector, Aedes aegypti. The expansion of CHIKV presents a public health challenge both locally and internationally. In this study, we investigated the ability of Ae. aegypti mosquitoes from three distinct cities in Kenya; Mombasa (outbreak prone), Kisumu, and Nairobi (no documented outbreak) to transmit CHIKV...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820732/ecological-perspectives-on-youth-alcohol-consumption-in-the-kuala-lumpur-conurbation-a-place-based-study-in-malaysia
#2
Sangeeta Kaur Singh, Lee Voon Kaen, Low Weng Hei, Amanda Villiers-Tuthill, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath
Objective The objectives of this study were to investigate the patterns of alcohol consumption and ecological factors influencing those patterns in the Klang Valley. The study focuses on youth from the Chinese, Indian and Malay ethnic groups in Malaysia, resident in urban and semi-urban areas of the Klang Valley. Methods Data were collected with a combination of interviews and self-administered questionnaires available in Bahasa Malaysia and English were adapted from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820720/dengue-virus-serotypes-1-and-2-responsible-for-major-dengue-outbreaks-in-nepal-clinical-laboratory-and-epidemiological-features
#3
Shyam Prakash Dumre, Renu Bhandari, Geeta Shakya, Sanjay Kumar Shrestha, Mahamoud Sama Cherif, Prakash Ghimire, Chonticha Klungthong, In-Kyu Yoon, Kenji Hirayama, Kesara Na-Bangchang, Stefan Fernandez
Dengue virus (DENV) is expanding toward previously nonendemic areas. DENV has recently been introduced in Nepal with limited information. We report the clinical features and serotype distribution of DENV in Nepal during the major outbreaks. A total of 1,215 clinical dengue cases at two major hospitals of central and western Nepal were investigated. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory parameters were recorded. Serum specimens were tested for DENV by IgM/IgG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820677/comparing-measures-of-general-and-abdominal-adiposity-as-predictors-of-blood-pressure-in-college-students
#4
Demetrius A Abshire, Gia Mudd-Martin, Debra K Moser, Terry A Lennie
OBJECTIVE: To compare anthropometric measures of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) as predictors of blood pressure in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students (N = 116) were recruited from November 2012 through May 2014 at an urban university and rural community colleges. METHODS: Students underwent a brief physical examination during which anthropometric measures were obtained and blood pressure was measured...
August 18, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820516/caregiver-reported-health-outcomes-effects-of-providing-reflexology-for-symptom-management-to-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#5
Dawn Frambes, Alla Sikorskii, Irena Tesnjak, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, Barbara Given
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of delivering a reflexology intervention on health outcomes of informal caregivers, and to explore whether intervention effects are moderated by caregiver characteristics. 
. DESIGN: Two-group, randomized clinical trial.
. SETTING: Eight oncology clinics in urban and rural regions of Michigan and Illinois.
. SAMPLE: 180 informal caregivers of patients with advanced breast cancer...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820513/predictors-of-unplanned-hospitalizations-in-patients-with-nonmetastatic-lung-cancer-during-chemotherapy
#6
Kristen L Fessele, Matthew J Hayat, Robert L Atkins
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of unplanned hospitalizations in patients with lung cancer to receive chemotherapy in the outpatient setting and examine the potential financial burden of these events.
. DESIGN: Retrospective, longitudinal cohort study.
. SETTING: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database.
. SAMPLE: Of 104,388 incident cases of lung cancer diagnosed from 2005-2009, 2,457 cases of patients with lung cancer who received outpatient chemotherapy were identified...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820454/personal-hygiene-practices-among-urban-homeless-persons-in-boston-ma
#7
Jessica H Leibler, Daniel D Nguyen, Casey León, Jessie M Gaeta, Debora Perez
Persons experiencing homelessness in the United States experience significant barriers to self-care and personal hygiene, including limited access to clean showers, laundry and hand washing facilities. While the obstacles to personal hygiene associated with homelessness may increase risk of infectious disease, hygiene-related behaviors among people experiencing homelessness has received limited attention. We conducted a cross-sectional study of individuals experiencing homelessness in Boston, MA (n = 194) to identify hygiene-related self-care practices and risk factors for reduced hygiene in this population...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820452/population-based-study-on-the-effect-of-a-forest-environment-on-salivary-cortisol-concentration
#8
Hiromitsu Kobayashi, Chorong Song, Harumi Ikei, Bum-Jin Park, Juyoung Lee, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a forest environment on salivary cortisol concentration, particularly on the characteristics of its distribution. The participants were 348 young male subjects. The experimental sites were 34 forests and 34 urban areas across Japan. The subjects viewed the landscape (forest or urban environment) for a period of 15 min while sitting in a chair. Saliva was sampled from the participants at the end of this 15-min period and then analyzed for cortisol concentration...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820448/vitamin-d-status-of-residents-in-taiyuan-china-and-influencing-factors
#9
Xiaoning Yan, Jasmine S Thomson, Ruibao Zhao, Ruifang Zhu, Zhaolin Wang, Na Zhang, Jane Coad
High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has been reported worldwide. Residents of Taiyuan, China, were predicted to be at high risk of vitamin D deficiency due to its high latitude, heavy air pollution, and cultural sun avoidance. This study investigated the vitamin D status of office workers, and explored the potential determinants of capillary 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration as well as the relationship between 25(OH)D and metabolic syndrome. Two hundred participants, aged 20 to 80 years, were recruited...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#10
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819693/the-mindmap-project-mental-well-being-in-urban-environments-design-and-first-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-on-healthcare-planning-policies-strategies-and-programmes-that-address-mental-health-promotion-and-mental-disorder-prevention-for-older-people-in-europe
#11
REVIEW
L Neumann, U Dapp, W Jacobsen, F van Lenthe, W von Renteln-Kruse
BACKGROUND: The MINDMAP consortium (2016-2019) aims to identify opportunities provided by the urban environment for the promotion of mental well-being and functioning of older people in Europe by bringing together European cities with urban longitudinal ageing studies: GLOBE, HAPIEE, HUNT, LASA, LUCAS, RECORD, Rotterdam Study, Turin Study. A survey on mental healthcare planning policies and programmes dedicated to older persons covering the range from health promotion to need of nursing care was performed for profound data interpretation in Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kaunas, Krakow, London, Nord-Trøndelag, Paris, Prague, Rotterdam and Turin...
August 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819673/erratum-to-the-extent-of-heavy-metal-pollution-and-their-potential-health-risk-in-topsoils-of-the-massively-urbanized-district-of-shanghai
#12
Syed Taseer Abbas Jaffar, Fan Luo, Rong Ye, Hassan Younas, Xue-Feng Hu, Long-Zhu Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819511/male-partner-involvement-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-infection-in-mwanza-region-tanzania
#13
Munda Elias, Elia John Mmbaga, Ahmed Abade Mohamed, Rogath Saika Kishimba
INTRODUCTION: Globally, there are 3.3 million children < 15 years of age living with HIV infection. About 95% of HIV infected children have acquired infection from their mothers. Although new pediatric HIV infection in Tanzania has declined by 48% and Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) coverage of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) has increased to 77%, the MTCT rate remains high (15%). Poor male partner involvement in PMTCT services is one of the factors contributing to reduced effectiveness of the PMTCT and hence failure to achieve the elimination of maternal to child transmission of HIV...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819112/tracing-nitrate-sources-with-dual-isotopes-and-long-term-monitoring-of-nitrogen-species-in-the-yellow-river-china
#14
Fu-Jun Yue, Si-Liang Li, Cong-Qiang Liu, Zhi-Qi Zhao, Hu Ding
A heavy load of nitrogenous compounds reflects nutrient loss and influences water quality in large rivers. Nitrogenous concentrations and dual isotopes of nitrate were measured to ascertain the spatial and temporal distributions of nitrate transformation in the Yellow River, the second-longest river in China. Assessment of the long-term record indicates that [NO3(-)-N] has increased by two-fold over the past three decades. Weekly observation of ammonium over a twelve-year period revealed high concentrations and suggests impairment of water quality, particularly since 2011...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818552/spatial-temporal-and-health-associations-of-eating-alone-a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-young-adults-in-urban-australia-and-japan
#15
Wakako Takeda, Melissa K Melby
Eating alone is driven by social and cultural factors, not solely by individual preferences. In academic research, eating alone is often simply treated as an alternative to social, commensal eating, and little is known about the practice of eating alone itself. This study employs a cross-cultural analysis to explore social and cultural associations of eating alone. The analysis is based on 1) cultural domain data, derived from principal component analysis of freelist responses, a set of words or phrases related to the topic of eating alone; and 2) in-depth interviews with 72 young adults aged 20-40 in urban Australia and Japan...
August 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818544/trends-in-antimicrobial-resistance-in-bloodstream-infection-isolates-at-a-large-urban-hospital-in-malawi-1998-2016-a-surveillance-study
#16
Patrick Musicha, Jennifer E Cornick, Naor Bar-Zeev, Neil French, Clemens Masesa, Brigitte Denis, Neil Kennedy, Jane Mallewa, Melita A Gordon, Chisomo L Msefula, Robert S Heyderman, Dean B Everett, Nicholas A Feasey
BACKGROUND: Bacterial bloodstream infection is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, yet few facilities are able to maintain long-term surveillance. The Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme has done sentinel surveillance of bacteraemia since 1998. We report long-term trends in bloodstream infection and antimicrobial resistance from this surveillance. METHODS: In this surveillance study, we analysed blood cultures that were routinely taken from adult and paediatric patients with fever or suspicion of sepsis admitted to Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi from 1998 to 2016...
August 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818487/snap-based-incentive-programs-at-farmers-markets-adaptation-considerations-for-temporary-assistance-for-needy-families-tanf-recipients
#17
Marianna S Wetherill, Mary B Williams, Karen A Gray
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design, implementation, and consumer response to a coupon-style intervention aimed to increase Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) use at a farmers' market (FM) among Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental trial to evaluate redemption response to 2 coupon interventions; baseline surveys characterized coupon redeemers and non-redeemers. SETTING: Urban...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818249/health-literacy-cancer-prevention-strategies-for-early-adults
#18
Robert A Simmons, Susan C Cosgrove, Martha C Romney, James D Plumb, Rickie O Brawer, Evelyn T Gonzalez, Linda G Fleisher, Bradley S Moore
Health literacy, the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand health information and services needed to make health decisions, is an essential element for early adults (aged 18-44 years) to make informed decisions about cancer. Low health literacy is one of the social determinants of health associated with cancer-related disparities. Over the past several years, a nonprofit organization, a university, and a cancer center in a major urban environment have developed and implemented health literacy programs within healthcare systems and in the community...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818248/cancer-risk-promoting-information-the-communication-environment-of-young-adults
#19
Rachel F McCloud, Racquel E Kohler, K Viswanath
Young adulthood represents a time of myriad transitions, which leave young adults (YAs) more susceptible to the influences of cancer risk-promoting information. The tobacco, alcohol, indoor tanning, and food and beverage industries engage in aggressive marketing strategies through both traditional and social media to target this age group to consume their products, which have known links to cancer. Despite this barrage of messaging, detailed data are lacking on the communication behaviors of subgroups of this diverse age group, particularly those from low SES...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818148/cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-on-providing-volunteer-care-for-in-flight-medical-events
#20
Eric Chatfield, William F Bond, Bradley McCay, Claude Thibeault, Paulo M Alves, Marc Squillante, Joshua Timpe, Courtney J Cook, Raymond E Bertino
BACKGROUND: Airline carriers have equipment, procedures, and protocols in place to handle in-flight medical events (IFMEs). Community physicians may be asked for aid during IFMEs. Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians on Providing Volunteer Care for In-Flight Medical Events surveyed self-assessed awareness and knowledge, perceived barriers, and suggestions for improving responses to IFMEs. METHODS: We composed a survey regarding clinicians' self-assessed understanding of in-flight resources, procedures, flight environmental issues, and Good Samaritan protections...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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