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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346655/high-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-in-patients-with-inflammatory-skin-diseases
#1
K Al-Jefri, D Newbury-Birch, C R Muirhead, E Gilvarry, V Araújo-Soares, N J Reynolds, E Kaner, P J Hampton
BACKGROUND: There is a known association between psoriasis and heavy alcohol consumption. Causality remains unclear with evidence supporting both alcohol triggering psoriasis and psoriasis predisposing to heavy alcohol consumption. However, the association between heavy alcohol consumption and other inflammatory skin diseases remains to be defined. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of heavy drinking using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in patients with inflammatory skin disease...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346398/sirtuin-1-sirt1-overexpression-in-baf3-cells-contributes-to-cell-proliferation-promotion-apoptosis-resistance-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-production
#2
Qian Wang, Chao Yan, Miaomiao Xin, Li Han, Yunqing Zhang, Mingshu Sun
BACKGROUND B lymphocyte hyperactivity is a main characteristic of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and B lymphocytes play a prominent pathogenic role in the development and progression of SLE. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) in B lymphocytes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Mouse B lymphocytes BaF3 was transfected with Sirt1 vector or shRNA against Sirt1. Then the transfected cells viability and apoptosis were respectively determined by MTT assay and flow cytometry. In addition, the mRNA levels of three pro-inflammatory cytokines and p53 were detected by RT-PCR...
March 27, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345840/correlation-between-epstein-barr-virus-infection-and-disease-activity-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Ahmad Piroozmand, Hamed Haddad Kashani, Batool Zamani
Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease for whose pathogenesis viral infections are important. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the main infectious etiological agent. This study aimed to quantitative evaluation of EBV in SLE patients. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 40 patients with SLE diagnosed based on American College of Rheumatology criteria were selected using purposive sampling. All were included in the study after obtaining informed consent for participation...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345423/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-hearing-disorders-literature-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-and-temporal-bone-findings
#4
Arianna Di Stadio, Massimo Ralli
Objective This literature review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the correlations among hearing and vestibular clinical symptoms, temporal bone findings, and pathological mechanisms in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Study design Relevant papers in the literature were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical hearing aspects in patients with SLE and relevant temporal bone studies in the same field were analyzed. Methods PubMed and Google Scholar searches were performed using the following keywords: "auto-immune disease," "systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)," "hearing loss," "temporal bone study," "vertigo," "dizziness," "tinnitus," "ear symptoms," "treatment," "diagnosis," "symptoms," "etiopathogenesis," "Wegener granulomatosis," "Sjogren," "polyarteritis nodosa," "Cogan syndrome," and "granulomatosis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344775/tertiary-lymphoid-organs-in-systemic-autoimmune-diseases-%C3%A2-pathogenic-or-protective
#5
REVIEW
William D Shipman, Dragos C Dasoveanu, Theresa T Lu
Tertiary lymphoid organs are found at sites of chronic inflammation in autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. These organized accumulations of T and B cells resemble secondary lymphoid organs and generate autoreactive effector cells. However, whether they contribute to disease pathogenesis or have protective functions is unclear. Here, we discuss how tertiary lymphoid organs can generate potentially pathogenic cells but may also limit the extent of the response and damage in autoimmune disease...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344669/belimumab-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-evidence-to-date-and-clinical-usefulness
#6
REVIEW
Sara Guerreiro Castro, David A Isenberg
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune rheumatic disease with multiple presentations, whose management presents many challenges. Many disease modifying or immunosuppressive drugs have been used with limited success, especially in patients with more severe disease activity. Belimumab is the first drug to be approved specifically for the treatment of SLE in more than 50 years. By blocking the B-cell activating factor, it interferes in B-cell differentiation and survival. Here we consider the results of the clinical trials that led to its approval, as well as the post-hoc analyses, follow-up studies and the current trials...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344062/il-21-may-promote-granzyme-b-dependent-nk-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-functional-interaction-in-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus
#7
Valentina Salvi, William Vermi, Andrea Cavani, Silvia Lonardi, Teresa Carbone, Fabio Facchetti, Daniela Bosisio, Silvano Sozzani
Autoimmune skin lesions are characterized by a complex cytokine milieu and by the accumulation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). Granzyme B (GrB) transcript is abundant in activated pDCs, though its mechanisms of regulation and biological role are largely unknown. Here we report that IL-21 was the only Th1/Th17 cytokine able to induce the expression and secretion of GrB by pDCs and that this action was counteracted by the autocrine production of type I interferons (IFNs). In lupus erythematosus (LE) skin lesions, the percentage of GrB(+) pDCs directly correlated with the IL-21/MxA ratio, indicating that the interplay between these two cytokines finely tune the levels of pDC-dependent GrB also in vivo...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343620/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-g1612a-rs10434-gene-polymorphism-and-neuropsychiatric-manifestations-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#8
Sherif Taha, Sherif Mohammed Gamal, Mohamed Nabil, Nahla Naeem, Dalia Labib, Ibrahim Siam, Tamer Atef Gheita
AIM: To investigate the relation between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphism in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and lupus related neuropsychiatric manifestations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty adult SLE patients recruited from the Rheumatology and Neurology departments of Cairo University hospitals were classified into two groups; Group A: 30 patients with neuropsychiatric manifestations (NPSLE) and Group B: 30 patients without...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343355/anti-c1q-autoantibodies-as-markers-of-renal-involvement-in-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Cécile Picard, Jean-Christophe Lega, Bruno Ranchin, Pierre Cochat, Natalia Cabrera, Nicole Fabien, Alexandre Belot
BACKGROUND: Childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) is rare, and considered more severe than its adult-onset counterpart. Lupus nephritis (LN) occurs more frequently in children, accounting for higher long-term morbidity and mortality compared with adults. Thus, reliable biological markers are needed to predict disease course. This study aimed to investigate the capacity of anti-C1q autoantibodies (Abs) to predict renal flare and global disease activity in cSLE patients, and association with disease activity and kidney involvement...
March 25, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342978/a-new-benzenediamine-derivative-modulates-toll-like-receptors-induced-myeloid-dendritic-cells-activation-and-ameliorates-lupus-like-syndrome-in-mrllpr-lpr-mice
#10
Sheng Gao, Yongsheng Gong, Jianjian Ji, Linbo Yuan, Liping Han, Yimin Guo, Xiaofang Fan, Yayi Hou, Chunyan Hua
Modulators of the over-activation of myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have an advantage in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study was designed to evaluate the effects of FC-99, a novel benzenediamine derivative, on TLR-induced activation of mDCs, and to assess the efficacy of FC-99 in a murine model of SLE. In vitro, FC-99 inhibited the phenotypic (CD40 and MHC-II) and functional activation (IL-12 and CXCL10) of mDCs induced by TLR ligands. In vivo, MRLlpr/lpr mice displayed renal diseases associated with increased levels of proteinuria and immunoglobulin, which were ameliorated by FC-99...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342880/-for-a-targeted-use-of-aspirin
#11
H Madar, S Brun, F Coatleven, A Nithart, C Lecoq, M Gleyze, B Merlot, L Sentilhes
The use of low-dose aspirin in pregnancy should remain a highly targeted indication since its long-term safety has not been established and should be restricted to women at high risk of vascular complications. Indications for which the benefit of aspirin has been shown are women with a history of preeclampsia responsible for a premature birth before 34 weeks, those having at least two history of preeclampsia, those with an antiphospholipid syndrome and those with lupus associated with positive antiphospholipid antibodies or renal failure...
March 22, 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341889/complement-regulation-and-kidney-diseases-recent-knowledge-of-the-double-edged-roles-of-complement-activation-in-nephrology
#12
REVIEW
Masashi Mizuno, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Yasuhiko Ito
The complement activation system plays important roles to maintain homeostasis in the host and to fight foreign invaders to protect the host. Therefore, the complement system is considered a core part of innate immunity which also cross-talks to acquired immunity. In the history of nephrology, the complement system is familiar to us, because complement protein or fragment deposition, including C3, C4, C1q, and/or C4d, is routinely estimated by immunohistochemistry to diagnose renal pathologies. The relationships between pathological mechanisms and complement activation have been investigated for renal diseases such as post-infectious glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, and primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, which are usually accompanied by hypocomplementemia...
March 24, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341873/exploring-the-plasmatic-platelet-activating-factor-acetylhydrolase-activity-in-patients-with-anti-phospholipid-antibodies
#13
Martina Fabris, Adriana Cifù, Cinzia Pistis, Massimo Siega-Ducaton, Desrè Ethel Fontana, Roberta Giacomello, Elio Tonutti, Francesco Curcio
PURPOSE: To explore the role of plasmatic platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), a marker of cardiovascular risk, in patients with anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL). METHODS: PAF-AH activity was assessed in a series of 167 unselected patients screened for aPL in a context of thrombotic events, risk of thrombosis or obstetric complications and in 77 blood donors. RESULTS: 116/167 patients showed positive results for at least one aPL among IgG/IgM anti-prothrombin/phosphatidylserine (aPS/PT), anti-cardiolipin (aCL), anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (aβ2GPI) or lupus anticoagulant (LAC), while 51/167 patients resulted aPL-negative...
December 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340314/ocular-manifestations-in-children-with-juvenile-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
Ghada Gawdat, Dina El-Fayoumi, Huda Marzouk, Yomna Farag
PURPOSE: To study the ocular manifestations of juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), including the ocular side-effects of the systemic medications used. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study on 40 children diagnosed with JSLE was conducted. Ophthalmological and laboratory investigations as well as a calculation of the Systemic Lupus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) were performed. RESULTS: Forty consecutive children, 32 females and 8 males, with JSLE were examined...
March 24, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340077/idiopathic-non-lupus-full-house-nephropathy-is-associated-with-poor-renal-outcome
#15
Emilie C Rijnink, Y K Onno Teng, Tineke Kraaij, Ron Wolterbeek, Jan A Bruijn, Ingeborg M Bajema
Background.: Full-house immunofluorescence in combination with various histopathologic lesions in the renal biopsies of patients without overt systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) poses a diagnostic challenge. In this setting, the biopsy findings are sometimes termed non-lupus 'full-house nephropathy' (FHN). It is presently unknown whether idiopathic non-lupus FHN is clinicopathologically and prognostically distinct from lupus FHN. Methods.: We included non-lupus FHN patients and lupus FHN controls (four or more American College of Rheumatology or Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics criteria) who were biopsied between 1968 and 2014 at the Leiden University Medical Centre...
March 13, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340020/comment-on-diagnosing-and-attributing-neuropsychiatric-events-to-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-time-to-untie-the-gordian-knot-reply
#16
Sen Hee Tay, Anselm Mak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339952/value-of-multidisciplinary-reassessment-in-attribution-of-neuropsychiatric-events-to-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-prospective-data-from-the-leiden-npsle-cohort
#17
César Magro-Checa, Els J Zirkzee, Liesbeth J J Beaart-van de Voorde, Huub A Middelkoop, Nic J van der Wee, Menno V Huisman, Jeroen Eikenboom, Nyika D Kruyt, Mark A van Buchem, Tom W J Huizinga, Gerda M Steup-Beekman
Objective.: To determine the contribution of reassessment in the attribution process of neuropsychiatric (NP) events to SLE or other aetiologies in a large, prospective and multidisciplinary assessed NPSLE cohort and to compare these results with other available attribution models for NP events occurring in SLE. Methods.: Three hundred and four consecutive SLE patients presenting NP events were evaluated. All subjects underwent standardized multidisciplinary medical, neuropsychological, laboratory and radiological examination on the inclusion and reassessment dates...
February 28, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339930/comment-on-diagnosing-and-attributing-neuropsychiatric-events-to-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-time-to-untie-the-gordian-knot
#18
Alessandra Bortoluzzi, Carlo A Scirè, Marcello Govoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339917/hellp-syndrome-as-a-potential-cause-of-false-positive-lupus-anticoagulant-testing
#19
Zhen Mei, Krzysztof Mikrut, Jonathan Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339897/reflex-lupus-anticoagulant-and-coagulation-factor-testing-has-low-utility-in-the-preoperative-surgical-hemostasis-assessment
#20
Stephen P Persaud, Ronald Jackups
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
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