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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117034/a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial-of-home-based-warm-footbath-to-improve-sleep-in-the-chronic-phase-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Hsiao-Yean Chiu, En-Yuan Lin, Hsiao-Ting Chiu, Pin-Yuan Chen
INTRODUCTION: Sleep disturbance is a common complaint after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a home-based warm footbath intervention on sleep in patients with TBI. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled crossover study, and 23 adults with TBI were recruited and randomized to receive first a 30-minute, 41°C warm footbath and then a usual care, or vice versa, with each lasting 3 days and separated by a 3-day washout...
December 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116008/evaluation-of-an-open-source-method-for-calculating-physical-activity-in-dogs-from-harness-and-collar-based-sensors
#2
C Westgarth, C Ladha
BACKGROUND: The ability to make objective measurements of physical activity in dogs has both clinical and research applications. Accelerometers offer a non-intrusive and convenient solution. Of the commercialy available sensors, measurements are commonly given in manufacturer bespoke units and calculated with closed source approaches. Furthermore, the validation studies that exist for such devices are mounting location dependant, not transferable between brands or not suitable for handling modern raw accelerometry type data...
November 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101843/a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-improves-behavior-problems-in-at-risk-adolescents-by-improving-perceived-sleep-quality
#3
Matthew J Blake, Lian Snoep, Monika Raniti, Orli Schwartz, Joanna M Waloszek, Julian G Simmons, Greg Murray, Laura Blake, Elizabeth R Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test whether a cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention would improve behavior problems in at-risk adolescents, and whether these improvements were specifically related to improvements in sleep. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 60%; mean age = 14.48, range 12.04-16.31 years) who had high levels of sleep problems and anxiety symptoms...
October 12, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101797/blocking-nocturnal-blue-light-for-insomnia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ari Shechter, Elijah Wookhyun Kim, Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Andrew J Westwood
The use of light-emitting electronic devices before bedtime may contribute to or exacerbate sleep problems. Exposure to blue-wavelength light in particular from these devices may affect sleep by suppressing melatonin and causing neurophysiologic arousal. We aimed to determine if wearing amber-tinted blue light-blocking lenses before bedtime improves sleep in individuals with insomnia. Fourteen individuals (n = 8 females; age ± SD 46.6 ± 11.5 y) with insomnia symptoms wore blue light-blocking amber lenses or clear placebo lenses in lightweight wraparound frames for 2 h immediately preceding bedtime for 7 consecutive nights in a randomized crossover trial (4-wk washout)...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099652/impact-of-short-compared-to-long-haul-international-travel-on-the-sleep-and-wellbeing-of-national-wheelchair-basketball-athletes
#5
Heidi R Thornton, Joanna Miller, Lee Taylor, Charli Sargent, Michele Lastella, Peter M Fowler
Currently, very little is known about the impact of short- or long-haul air travel on the sleep and wellbeing of wheelchair basketball athletes. Eleven national wheelchair basketball athletes wore actigraphy monitors prior, during, and after air travel to the United Kingdom. Upon arrival, participants rated their subjective jet-lag, fatigue, and vigor. Individuals traveled to the United Kingdom from different locations in Australia, the United States, and Europe and were categorised according to travel length [LONG (up to 30...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096909/-assessment-of-mood-disorders-by-passive-data-gathering-the-concept-of-digital-phenotype-versus-psychiatrist-s-professional-culture
#6
A Bourla, F Ferreri, L Ogorzelec, C Guinchard, S Mouchabac
OBJECTIVES: The search for objective clinical signs is a constant practitioners' and researchers' concern in psychiatry. New technologies (embedded sensors, artificial intelligence) give an easier access to untapped information such as passive data (i.e. that do not require patient intervention). The concept of "digital phenotype" is emerging in psychiatry: a psychomotor alteration translated by accelerometer's modifications contrasting with the usual functioning of the subject, or the graphorrhea of patients presenting a manic episode which is replaced by an increase of SMS sent...
October 30, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090400/no-effects-of-successful-bidirectional-smr-feedback-training-on-objective-and-subjective-sleep-in-healthy-subjects
#7
Olaf Binsch, Ellen S Wilschut, Martijn Arns, Charelle Bottenheft, Pierre J L Valk, Eric H G J M Vermetten
There is a growing interest in the application of psychophysiological signals in more applied settings. Unidirectional sensory motor rhythm-training (SMR) has demonstrated consistent effects on sleep. In this study the main aim was to analyze to what extent participants could gain voluntary control over sleep-related parameters and secondarily to assess possible influences of this training on sleep metrics. Bidirectional training of SMR as well as heart rate variability (HRV) was used to assess the feasibility of training these parameters as possible brain computer interfaces (BCI) signals, and assess effects normally associated with unidirectional SMR training such as the influence on objective and subjective sleep parameters...
October 31, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089179/sleep-disturbance-in-children-with-moderate-severe-atopic-dermatitis-a-case-control-study
#8
Anna B Fishbein, Kelly Mueller, Lacey Kruse, Peter Boor, Stephen Sheldon, Phyllis Zee, Amy S Paller
BACKGROUND: Sleep is disturbed in 60% of children with atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE: To characterize sleep in a cohort of children with moderate-to-severe AD and determine methods for assessment of sleep disturbance. METHODS: A case-control study compared children age 6 to 17 years who have moderate-to-severe AD with age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Participants wore actigraphy watches and completed sleep- and disease-specific questionnaires...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082554/sleep-fragmentation-and-parkinson-s-disease-pathology-in-older-adults-without-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Shahmir Sohail, Lei Yu, Julie A Schneider, David A Bennett, Aron S Buchman, Andrew S P Lim
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) frequently experience disrupted sleep, and several sleep abnormalities are associated with an increased risk of incident PD. However, there are few data concerning the relationship between objectively quantified sleep disruption and the cardinal histopathological features of PD, especially in individuals without clinical PD. METHODS: We studied 269 older adults without PD who had participated in the Rush Memory and Aging Project and undergone uniform structured neuropathologic evaluations upon death...
October 30, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079603/combination-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-insomnia-treated-by-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-with-the-sensawake-pressure-relief-technology-to-assist-sleep-a-randomised-cross-over-trial-protocol
#10
Jean Louis Pepin, Frédéric Gagnadoux, Alison Foote, Rachel Vicars, Bhavi Ogra, Véronique Viot-Blanc, Meriem Benmerad, Marie-Pia D'Ortho, Renaud Tamisier
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common sleep breathing disorder affecting up to 17% of the middle-aged population. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the primary treatment for patients with OSA, but acceptance and adherence to therapy is suboptimal in specific subgroups particularly those with insomnia or poor sleep quality (40%-80% of patients with OSA). Pressure intolerance, particularly during periods of wakefulness, inhibiting sleep onset or return to sleep, is one reason for poor CPAP adherence...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078755/clinically-significant-discrepancies-between-sleep-problems-assessed-by-standard-clinical-tools-and-actigraphy
#11
Kjersti Marie Blytt, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bettina Husebo, Elisabeth Flo
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are widespread among nursing home (NH) patients and associated with numerous negative consequences. Identifying and treating them should therefore be of high clinical priority. No prior studies have investigated the degree to which sleep disturbances as detected by actigraphy and by the sleep-related items in the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory - Nursing Home version (NPI-NH) provide comparable results. Such knowledge is highly needed, since both questionnaires are used in clinical settings and studies use the NPI-NH sleep item to measure sleep disturbances...
October 27, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074731/sleep-disturbance-in-family-caregivers-of-children-who-depend-on-medical-technology
#12
Krista Keilty, Eyal Cohen, Karen Spalding, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Robyn Stremler
OBJECTIVES: Family caregivers of children who depend on medical technology (CMT) provide highly skilled care up to 24 hours per day. Sleep disruption places family caregivers at risk for poor health and related outcomes that threaten their long-term caregiving capacity. Few studies exist that have measured sleep in family caregivers, and most have relied entirely on subjective measures. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, family caregivers of CMT (n=42) and caregivers of healthy children (n=43) were recruited...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073393/what-is-segmented-sleep-actigraphy-field-validation-for-daytime-sleep-and-nighttime-wake
#13
David R Samson, Gandhi M Yetish, Alyssa N Crittenden, Ibrahim A Mabulla, Audax Z P Mabulla, Charles L Nunn
OBJECTIVE: To compare different scoring parameter settings in actigraphy software for inferring sleep and wake bouts for validating analytical techniques outside of laboratory environments. DESIGN: To identify parameter settings that best identify napping during periods of wakefulness, we analyzed 137 days on which participants reported daytime napping, as compared with a random subset of 30 days when no naps were reported. To identify settings that identify periods of wakefulness during sleep, we used data from a subsample of women who reported discrete wake bouts while nursing at night...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073187/sleep-and-cognitive-performance-of-african-americans-and-european-americans-before-and-during-circadian-misalignment-produced-by-an-abrupt-9-h-delay-in-the-sleep-wake-schedule
#14
Gemma M Paech, Stephanie J Crowley, Charmane I Eastman
We conducted two studies of circadian misalignment in non-Hispanic African and European-Americans. In the first, the sleep/wake (light/dark) schedule was advanced 9 h, similar to flying east, and in the second these schedules were delayed 9 h, similar to flying west or sleeping during the day after night work. We confirmed that the free-running circadian period is shorter in African-Americans compared to European-Americans, and found differences in the magnitude and direction of circadian rhythm phase shifts which were related to the circadian period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072790/sleep-disturbance-in-men-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-the-role-of-hot-flashes-and-nocturia
#15
Brian D Gonzalez, Brent J Small, Mallory G Cases, Noelle L Williams, Mayer N Fishman, Paul B Jacobsen, Heather S L Jim
BACKGROUND: Patients with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are at risk of sleep disturbance; however, to the authors' knowledge, the mechanisms by which ADT may affect sleep are not well understood. The current study compared objective and subjective sleep disturbance in ADT recipients and controls and examined whether sleep disturbance in ADT recipients is attributable to the influence of ADT on hot flashes and nocturia. METHODS: Patients with prostate cancer were assessed before or within 1 month after the initiation of ADT as well as 6 months and 12 months later (78 patients)...
October 26, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072500/poor-sleep-has-negative-implications-for-children-with-and-without-adhd-but-in-different-ways
#16
Frances Le Cornu Knight, Dagmara Dimitriou
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are commonly reported in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and are also a familiar characteristic of typical development (TD). We sought to elucidate the relationship between sleep, ADHD trait behaviors, and cognitive inattention, and how it manifests between ADHD and TD children. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen children diagnosed with ADHD and 20 age-matched TD controls aged 5 to 11 years old participated in the study. METHODS: Sleep profiles were assessed using Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire and actigraphy measures...
October 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072086/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-on-line-interventions-to-improve-sleep-quality-in-adults-after-mild-or-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Alice Theadom, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Kelly Jones, Margaret Dudley, Norah Vincent, Valery Feigin
OBJECTIVE: To explore feasibility and potential efficacy of on-line interventions for sleep quality following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: A two parallel-group, randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Community-based. SUBJECTS: In all, 24 participants (mean age: 35.9 ± 11.8 years) who reported experiencing sleep difficulties between 3 and 36 months after a mild or moderate TBI. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive either a cognitive behaviour therapy or an education intervention on-line...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065957/changes-in-caregiving-status-and-intensity-and-sleep-characteristics-among-high-and-low-stressed-older-women
#18
Yeonsu Song, Stephanie L Harrison, Jennifer L Martin, Cathy A Alessi, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Katie L Stone, Lisa Fredman
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine whether change in caregiving status and intensity among community-dwelling older women was associated with sleep characteristics at follow-up, and whether perceived stress modified these associations. METHODS: The sample included 800 women aged 65 years or older who completed baseline and second follow-up interviews in the Caregiver-Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (Caregiver-SOF). Respondents were categorized into four groups based on change in caregiving status and intensity between the two time points: continuous noncaregivers, ceased caregivers, low-intensity caregivers (continuous caregivers with low/decreased intensity), and high-intensity caregivers (continuous caregivers with high/increased intensity or new caregivers)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063639/calibrating-actigraphy-to-improve-sleep-efficiency-estimates
#19
Christina T Khan, Steven H Woodward
Actigraphy (ACT) can enhance treatment for insomnia by providing objective estimates of sleep efficiency; however, only two studies have assessed the accuracy of actigraphy-based estimates of sleep efficiency (ACT-SE) in sleep-disordered samples studied at home. Both found poor correspondence with polysomnography-based estimates (PSG-SE). The current study tested that concordance in a third sample and piloted a method for improving ACT-SE. Participants in one of four diagnostic categories (panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, comorbid post-traumatic stress and panic disorder and controls without sleep complaints) underwent in-home recording of sleep using concurrent ambulatory PSG and actigraphy...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060138/biomechanical-procedure-to-assess-sleep-restriction-on-motor-control-and-learning
#20
G S Umemura, C L Noriega, D F Soares, A Forner-Cordero
The analysis of sleep quality during long periods and its impact on motor control and learning performance are crucial aspects for human health. The aim of this study is to analyze effects of chronic sleep restriction on motor performance. It is intended to establish motor control indicators in sleep quality analysis. A wearable actigraphy that records accelerometry, ambient light, and body temperature was used to monitor the sleep habits of 12 healthy subjects for two weeks before performing motor control and learning tests...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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