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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921561/multicomponent-mhealth-intervention-for-large-sustained-change-in-multiple-diet-and-activity-risk-behaviors-the-make-better-choices-2-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Bonnie Spring, Christine Pellegrini, H G McFadden, Angela Fidler Pfammatter, Tammy K Stump, Juned Siddique, Abby C King, Donald Hedeker
BACKGROUND: Prevalent co-occurring poor diet and physical inactivity convey chronic disease risk to the population. Large magnitude behavior change can improve behaviors to recommended levels, but multiple behavior change interventions produce small, poorly maintained effects. OBJECTIVE: The Make Better Choices 2 trial tested whether a multicomponent intervention integrating mHealth, modest incentives, and remote coaching could sustainably improve diet and activity...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914050/comparison-of-wearable-trackers-ability-to-estimate-sleep
#2
Jung-Min Lee, Wonwoo Byun, Alyssa Keill, Danae Dinkel, Yaewon Seo
Tracking physical activity and sleep patterns using wearable trackers has become a current trend. However, little information exists about the comparability of wearable trackers measuring sleep. This study examined the comparability of wearable trackers for estimating sleep measurement with a sleep diary (SD) for three full nights. A convenience sample of 78 adults were recruited in this research with a mean age of 27.6 ± 11.0 years. Comparisons between wearable trackers and sleep outcomes were analyzed using the mean absolute percentage errors, Pearson correlations, Bland⁻Altman Plots, and equivalent testing...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913762/the-impact-of-chronic-pain-european-patients-perspective-over-12-months
#3
Tony O'Brien, Harald Breivik
Background and methods Pain Study Tracking Ongoing Responses for a Year (PainSTORY) is a longitudinal study generating some quantitative and limited qualitative data concerning the experiences of individual patients with non-malignant chronic pain. Research was conducted across 13 European countries and a total of 294 patients completed the full evaluation process over 12 months. Adult patients (>18 years old) scoring >4 on an 11-point numeric pain rating scale (NRS-11) for most days during an average week were eligible...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896128/self-reported-sleep-quality-modulates-amygdala-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-anxiety-and-depression
#4
Heide Klumpp, Bobak Hosseini, K Luan Phan
Sufficient sleep plays an important role in neurocognitive function, yet, problematic sleep is ubiquitous in the general population. It is also frequently predictive of, and concurrent with, internalizing psychopathologies (IPs) such as anxiety and depression suggesting sleep quality is dimensional and transdiagnostic. Along with problematic sleep, IPs are characterized by negative affectivity, therefore, prominent neurobiological models of internalizing conditions involve the amygdala, a region central to emotion...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893599/effects-of-a-short-daytime-nap-on-shooting-and-sprint-performance-in-high-level-adolescent-athletes
#5
Haresh T Suppiah, Low Chee Yong, Gabriel Choong, Michael Chia
PURPOSE: The purpose of the research was to investigate the sport-specific performance effect of a brief afternoon nap on high-level Asian adolescent student-athletes that were habitually short sleepers. METHODS: In the studies, participants were randomly assigned to a nap or non-nap (reading) condition. In the first study, 12 male shooters (13.8 ± 1.0 yrs) performed a shooting assessment (20 competition shots) with heart rate variability monitored during the assessment...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887765/how-will-the-internet-of-things-enable-augmented-personalized-health
#6
Amit Sheth, Utkarshani Jaimini, Hong Yung Yip
The Internet of Things refers to network-enabled technologies, including mobile and wearable devices, which are capable of sensing and actuation as well as interaction and communication with other similar devices over the Internet. The IoT is profoundly redefining the way we create, consume, and share information. Ordinary citizens increasingly use these technologies to track their sleep, food intake, activity, vital signs, and other physiological statuses. This activity is complemented by IoT systems that continuously collect and process environment-related data that has a bearing on human health...
January 2018: IEEE Intelligent Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871856/sleep-tracking-and-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-step-d-pilot-study-to-determine-correlations-between-fitbit-data-and-patient-reported-outcomes
#7
James Weatherall, Yurek Paprocki, Theresa M Meyer, Ian Kudel, Edward A Witt
BACKGROUND: Few studies assessing the correlation between patient-reported outcomes and patient-generated health data from wearable devices exist. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the direction and magnitude of associations between patient-generated health data (from the Fitbit Charge HR) and patient-reported outcomes for sleep patterns and physical activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This was a pilot study conducted with adults diagnosed with T2DM (n=86)...
June 5, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867529/sleep-instabilities-assessed-by-cardiopulmonary-coupling-analysis-increase-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#8
Dirk Cysarz, Maijana Linhard, Georg Seifert, Friedrich Edelhäuser
The electrocardiogram-based cardiopulmonary coupling (CPC) technique may be used to track sleep instabilities. With progressing age, maturational changes during childhood and adolescence affect sleep. The objective was to assess developmental changes in sleep instabilities in a natural setting. ECGs during nighttime sleep on regular school days were recorded from 363 subjects aged 4 to 22 years (204 females). The estimated total sleep time (ETST) decreased from 598 to 445 min during childhood and adolescence...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864988/pain-assessment-and-post-operative-pain-management-in-orthopedic-patients
#9
W Schmelling, J N Poulsen, L Christrup, P Gazerani
Aims A fast-track based surgical treatment reduces morbidity and hospital stay by providing early mobilization. Sufficient postoperative pain management is mandatory for early mobilization and optimal utilization of rehabilitation measures. Insufficient postoperative pain management is however a widespread problem. Lack of knowledge about pain and pain treatment among health care professionals and general community has been considered as a major potential contributor in insufficient pain management. It has been suggested that severe postoperative pain might imply a potential risk of developing chronic pain...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861229/dry-needling-in-myofascial-tracks-in-non-relaxing-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-a-case-study
#10
Rahman Sheikhhoseini, Amir Massoud Arab
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case report is to describe the use of Dry Needling (DN) in myofascial tracks related to the pelvic floor (PF) in the management of a male with Non-Relaxing Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (NRPFD). CLINICAL FEATURES: A 42-year-old man, with a 20-year history of frequent urination, was referred to the physical therapy clinic by a urologist with diagnosis of NRPFD. The patient was suffering from a sense of incomplete evacuation and difficulty to start urination...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857447/mobile-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-patients-during-chemotherapy
#11
Zhaohui Geng, Fulei Wu, Yingting Zhang, Jingting Wang, Jiashu Wang, Huan Liu, Changrong Yuan
Breast cancer patients showed low engagement in physical activity (PA) during chemotherapy. Evidence showed regular PA has potential to reduce mortality and risks of cancer recurrence, relieve psychological distress, manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Mobile health intervention displays a great advantage to deliver cancer care timely and remotely. A Mobile Physical Activity Program was constructed in a mobile phone application. The application contained 5 modes: information delivering, disease tracking, events reminders, online interaction, health behavior recording (daily walking steps, sleeping time and body weight) and self-reported assessment...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804809/sleep-spindle-refractoriness-segregates-periods-of-memory-reactivation
#12
James W Antony, Luis Piloto, Margaret Wang, Paula Pacheco, Kenneth A Norman, Ken A Paller
The stability of long-term memories is enhanced by reactivation during sleep. Correlative evidence has linked memory reactivation with thalamocortical sleep spindles, although their functional role is not fully understood. Our initial study replicated this correlation and also demonstrated a novel rhythmicity to spindles, such that a spindle is more likely to occur approximately 3-6 s following a prior spindle. We leveraged this rhythmicity to test the role of spindles in memory by using real-time spindle tracking to present cues within versus just after the presumptive refractory period; as predicted, cues presented just after the refractory period led to better memory...
May 24, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785974/railway-noise-annoyance-on-the-railway-track-in-northwest-slovakia
#13
Alzbeta Pultznerova, Panulinova Eva, Daniela Kucharova, Lubica Argalasova
Introduction: This paper describes an assessment of noise caused by railway traffic in a large high-loaded railway track in Northwest Slovakia. Materials and Methods: The measurements of noise levels generated by trains passing through residential neighborhoods were taken. Noise maps were also calculated showing noise pollution generated by the train traffic. In addition, the annoyance level and sleep disturbance of residents affected by railway noise were evaluated by a validated questionnaire on a pilot sample of 107 respondents living near the important railway track...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782141/in-situ-assembly-of-well-dispersed-ag-nanoparticles-throughout-electrospun-alginate-nanofibers-for-monitoring-human-breath-smart-fabrics
#14
Jun Zhang, Xiao-Xiong Wang, Bin Zhang, Seeram Ramakrishna, Miao Yu, Jian-Wei Ma, Yun-Ze Long
Alginate nanofibers assembled with sliver nanoparticles throughout the whole nanofiber were fabricated by three steps including electrospinning of Na-alginate nanofibers, ion exchange between the sodium and silver ions, and in situ reduction of silver nanoparticles. The content, distribution and size of the nanoparticles are controllable by tuning reaction conditions. Ag/alginate nanofibers exhibit good humidity sensitivity in a wide humidity range from ambient RH (20%) to 85% RH. Interestingly, these humidity sensors can be attached to a 3M-9001V mask for monitoring human breath during exercise and emotion changes, and this smart exhibits accurate and continuous human-breath tracking no matter how fast or slow as well as how deep or shallow...
May 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780978/i-ll-be-back-on-the-multiple-lives-of-users-of-a-mobile-activity-tracking-application
#15
Zhiyuan Lin, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications that track activities, such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. While these activity tracking applications have the potential to improve our health, user engagement and retention are critical factors for their success. However, long-term user engagement patterns in real-world activity tracking applications are not yet well understood. Here we study user engagement patterns within a mobile physical activity tracking application consisting of 115 million logged activities taken by over a million users over 31 months...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780977/modeling-interdependent-and-periodic-real-world-action-sequences
#16
Takeshi Kurashima, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications, including those that track activities such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. Accurately predicting human actions in the real world is essential for targeted recommendations that could improve our health and for personalization of these applications. However, making such predictions is extremely difficult due to the complexities of human behavior, which consists of a large number of potential actions that vary over time, depend on each other, and are periodic...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774296/integrated-risk-mapping-and-landscape-characterisation-of-lymphatic-filariasis-and-loiasis-in-south-west-nigeria
#17
Tara A Brant, Patricia N Okorie, Olushola Ogunmola, Nureni Bolaji Ojeyode, S B Fatunade, Emmanuel Davies, Yisa Saka, Michelle C Stanton, David H Molyneux, J Russell Stothard, Louise A Kelly-Hope
Nigeria has the heaviest burden of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in sub-Saharan Africa, which is caused by the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. LF is targeted for elimination and the national programme is scaling up mass drug administration (MDA) across the country to interrupt transmission. However, in some regions the co-endemicity of the filarial parasite Loa loa (loiasis) is an impediment due to the risk of severe adverse events (SAEs) associated with the drug ivermectin...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773529/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-mhealth-intervention-for-insomnia-usability-study
#18
I Wayan Pulantara, Bambang Parmanto, Anne Germain
BACKGROUND: Healthy sleep is a fundamental component of physical and brain health. Insomnia, however, is a prevalent sleep disorder that compromises functioning, productivity, and health. Therefore, developing efficient treatment delivery methods for insomnia can have significant societal and personal health impacts. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) is the recommended first-line treatment of insomnia but access is currently limited for patients, since treatment must occur in specialty sleep clinics, which suffer from an insufficient number of trained clinicians...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764798/development-of-a-web-portal-for-physical-activity-and-symptom-tracking-in-oncology-patients-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Michael Marthick, Haryana M Dhillon, Jennifer A Alison, Birinder S Cheema, Tim Shaw
BACKGROUND: Significant benefits accrue from increasing physical activity levels in people with a history of cancer. Physical activity levels can be increased using behavioral change interventions in this population. Access to Web portals and provision of activity monitors to provide feedback may support behavior change by encouraging patient engagement in physical therapy. The Web portal evaluated in this study will provide a system to monitor physical activity and sleep, for use by both clinician and patient, along with symptom and health-related quality of life tracking capabilities...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761094/2017-dutch-report-card-results-from-the-first-physical-activity-report-card-plus-for-dutch-youth-with-a-chronic-disease-or-disability
#20
Marcella Burghard, Nynke B de Jong, Selina Vlieger, Tim Takken
Background: The Dutch Active Healthy Kids (AHK) Report Card+ (RC+ ) consolidates and translates research and assesses how the Netherlands is being responsible in providing physical activity (PA) opportunities for youth (< 18 years) with a chronic disease or disability. The aim of this article is to summarize the results of the Dutch RC+ . Methods: Nine indicators were graded using the AHK Global Alliance RC development process, which includes a synthesis of best available research, surveillance, policy and practice findings, and expert consensus...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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