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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626013/sleep-disrupts-high-level-speech-parsing-despite-significant-basic-auditory-processing
#1
Shiri Makov, Omer Sharon, Nai Ding, Michal Ben-Shachar, Yuval Nir, Elana Zion Golumbic
The extent to which the sleeping brain processes sensory information remains unclear. This is particularly true for continuous and complex stimuli, such as speech, in which information is organized into hierarchically embedded structures. Recently, novel metrics for assessing the neural representation of continuous speech have been developed, using non-invasive brain recordings. Those were so far tested during wakefulness. Here we investigated, for the first time, the sleeping brain's capacity to process continuous speech at different hierarchical levels, using a newly developed Concurrent Hierarchical Tracking (CHT) approach that can online monitor the neural representation and processing-depth of continuous speech...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623183/phone-based-interventions-in-adolescent-psychiatry-a-perspective-and-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-with-a-focus-on-depression-and-autism
#2
Robert Yuzen Chen, Jordan Robert Feltes, William Shun Tzeng, Zoe Yunzhu Lu, Michael Pan, Nan Zhao, Rebecca Talkin, Kavon Javaherian, Anne Glowinski, Will Ross
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has emerged as an innovative platform to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders in a cost-effective fashion. Previous studies have laid the functional framework for monitoring and treating child psychiatric disorders electronically using videoconferencing, mobile phones (smartphones), and Web-based apps. However, phone call and text message (short message service, SMS) interventions in adolescent psychiatry are less studied than other electronic platforms. Further investigations on the development of these interventions are needed...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622969/probability-of-undiagnosed-obstructive-sleep-apnea-does-not-correlate-with-adverse-pulmonary-events-nor-length-of-stay-in-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-using-intrathecal-opioid
#3
Matthew J Thompson, Bryce N Clinger, Robert M Simonds, Camille J Hochheimer, Laura A Lahaye, Gregory J Golladay
BACKGROUND: Recent emphasis on bundled payments and outcomes tracking has increased the focus on preoperative optimization in patients undergoing elective lower extremity arthroplasty. Since patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have an increased risk of adverse perioperative pulmonary events, screening for undiagnosed OSA is sometimes included as part of preoperative risk assessment. However, there are limited data regarding quantification of OSA risk in lower extremity arthroplasty patients, and little is known about the utility of quantitative OSA screening and the risk of pulmonary complications in hip and knee arthroplasty patients who receive intrathecal morphine anesthetic...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619182/evolution-of-circadian-rhythms-from-bacteria-to-human
#4
REVIEW
Utpal Bhadra, Nirav Thakkar, Paromita Das, Manika Pal Bhadra
The human body persists in its rhythm as per its initial time zone, and transition always occur according to solar movements around the earth over 24 h. While traveling across different latitudes and longitudes, at the pace exceeding the earth's movement, the changes in the external cues exceed the level of toleration of the body's biological clock. This poses an alteration in our physiological activities of sleep-wake pattern, mental alertness, organ movement, and eating habits, causing them to temporarily lose the track of time...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545794/the-natural-history-of-sleep-disturbance-among-oef-oif-veterans-with-tbi-and-ptsd-and-the-role-of-proxy-variables-in-its-measurement
#5
Paul R King, Kerry T Donnelly, Gary Warner, Michael Wade, Wilfred R Pigeon
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance crosscuts post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Though previous cross-sectional findings demonstrate a compounding effect of PTSD and TBI comorbidity, relatively little is known about the longitudinal trajectory of sleep-related complaints in veterans with TBI history and current PTSD symptoms. In this study, we explored patterns and predictors of sleep complaints in a sample of combat veterans with and without TBI and PTSD...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526545/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-right-ventricular-function-a-combined-assessment-by-speckle-tracking-and-three-dimensional-echocardiography
#6
Agostino Buonauro, Maurizio Galderisi, Ciro Santoro, Angelo Canora, Maria Luisa Bocchino, Francesco Lo Iudice, Maria Lembo, Roberta Esposito, Sabrina Castaldo, Bruno Trimarco, Alessandro Sanduzzi
BACKGROUND: Little is known on right ventricular (RV) involvement in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). This study aimed at evaluating early RV dysfunction by standard and advanced echocardiography in OSA. METHODS: Fifty-nine OSA patients without heart failure and 29 age-matched controls underwent standard, speckle tracking and real time 3D echocardiography of right ventricle. OSA patients performed lung function tests and overnight cardio-respiratory monitoring with evaluation of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526251/asthma-related-lung-function-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration-in-urban-children
#7
Daphne Koinis-Mitchell, Sheryl J Kopel, Ronald Seifer, Monique LeBourgeois, Elizabeth L McQuaid, Cynthia A Esteban, Julie Boergers, Jack Nassau, Michael Farrow, Gregory K Fritz, Robert B Klein
OBJECTIVES: Examine (1) the extent to which changes in objectively measured asthma-related lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) within a sleep period are associated with sleep quality and sleep duration during that sleep period in a group of urban children with persistent asthma, (2) associations between morning and evening asthma-related lung function and sleep quality and duration on the adjacent night, and (3) whether these associations differ by ethnic group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multimethod approach...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500020/efficacy-of-a-web-based-guided-recommendation-service-for-a-curated-list-of-readily-available-mental-health-and-well-being-mobile-apps-for-young-people-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Peter Musiat, Megan Winsall, Gillian Vogl, Victoria Blake, Stephen Quinn, Simone Orlowski, Gaston Antezana, Geoffrey Schrader
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are highly prevalent for the people who are aged between 16 and 25 years and can permanently disrupt the development of these individuals. Easily available mobile health (mHealth) apps for mobile phones have great potential for the prevention and early intervention of mental disorders in young adults, but interventions are required that can help individuals to both identify high-quality mobile apps and use them to change health and lifestyle behavior. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess the efficacy of a Web-based self-guided app recommendation service ("The Toolbox") in improving the well-being of young Australians aged between 16 and 25 years...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490038/pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-an-update-on-diagnostic-testing
#9
Brian McGrath, Jerrold Lerman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances in diagnostic testing for obstructive sleep apnea in children have refined the standard tests while identifying several new tools that hold promise to radically change how we diagnose sleep apnea. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have demonstrated that the polysomnogram may be modified to permit home assessment of sleep disturbed breathing in children to ensure more widespread access to the test. Alternately, questionnaires, nocturnal oximetry, and diagnostic urinary biomarkers have shown great promise as both sensitive and specific tools to diagnose sleep apnea in children as well as track the severity of the disease...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462482/what-do-people-search-online-concerning-the-elusive-fibromyalgia-insights-from-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-google-trends
#10
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Howard Amital, Mohammad Adawi, Francesco Brigo, Samaa Watad, Gali Aljadeff, Daniela Amital, Abdulla Watad
Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease, characterized by pain, fatigue, and poor sleep quality. Patients and mainly those with chronic diseases tend to search for health-related material online. Google Trends (GT), an online tracking system of Internet hit-search volumes that recently merged with its sister project Google Insights for Search (Google Inc.), was used to explore Internet activity related to fibromyalgia. Digital interest in fibromyalgia and related topics searched worldwide has been reported in the last 13 years...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419646/suvorexant-an-orexin-hypocretin-receptor-antagonist-attenuates-motivational-and-hedonic-properties-of-cocaine
#12
Taylor A Gentile, Steven J Simmons, David J Barker, Jessica K Shaw, Rodrigo A España, John W Muschamp
Orexins ('hypocretins') are peptides produced by neurons of the hypothalamus that project to structures implicated in reward and emotion processing. Converging evidence demonstrates functional roles of orexin signaling in arousal, sleep/wakefulness and motivated behaviors for natural and drug rewards. Suvorexant, a dual orexin receptor antagonist, recently received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration to treat insomnia. In Experiment 1, rats self-administered cocaine under a progressive-ratio schedule of reinforcement and the effects of suvorexant on motivation to self-administer cocaine were measured...
April 17, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419607/subjective-and-objective-sleep-quality-modulate-emotion-regulatory-brain-function-in-anxiety-and-depression
#13
Heide Klumpp, Julia Roberts, Mary C Kapella, Amy E Kennedy, Anand Kumar, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Disturbances in emotion regulation and sleep are shared across anxiety and mood disorders. Poor sleep has been shown to impair cognitive processes which may undermine cognitive regulatory function. However, it remains unknown if sleep quality impacts regulatory mechanisms in clinical anxiety and depression. METHODS: During fMRI, 78 patients with social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and/or major depressive disorder completed a validated emotion regulation task, which involved reappraisal (i...
April 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411116/global-field-synchronization-in-gamma-range-of-the-sleep-eeg-tracks-sleep-depth-artifact-introduced-by-a-rectangular-analysis-window
#14
Thomas Rusterholz, Peter Achermann, Roland Dürr, Thomas Koenig, Leila Tarokh
BACKGROUND: Investigating functional connectivity between brain networks has become an area of interest in neuroscience. Several methods for investigating connectivity have recently been developed, however, these techniques need to be applied with care. We demonstrate that global field synchronization (GFS), a global measure of phase alignment in the EEG as a function of frequency, must be applied considering signal processing principles in order to yield valid results. NEW METHOD: Multichannel EEG (27 derivations) was analyzed for GFS based on the complex spectrum derived by the fast Fourier transform (FFT)...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406474/daily-touchscreen-use-in-infants-and-toddlers-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-and-delayed-sleep-onset
#15
Celeste H M Cheung, Rachael Bedford, Irati R Saez De Urabain, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Tim J Smith
Traditional screen time (e.g. TV and videogaming) has been linked to sleep problems and poorer developmental outcomes in children. With the advent of portable touchscreen devices, this association may be extending down in age to disrupt the sleep of infants and toddlers, an age when sleep is essential for cognitive development. However, this association has not been demonstrated empirically. This study aims to examine whether frequency of touchscreen use is associated with sleep in infants and toddlers between 6 and 36 months of age...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325004/study-of-phase-estimation-methods-to-analyse-cardiorespiratory-synchronization-in-osa-patients
#16
Jordi Sola-Soler, Beatriz F Giraldo, Jose A Fiz, Raimon Jane
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder highly prevalent in the general population. Cardiorespiratory Phase Synchronization (CRPS) is a form of non-linear interaction between respiratory and cardiovascular systems that was found to be reduced in severe OSA patients. The Hilbert Transform (HT) method was the recommended choice for estimating the respiratory phase in CRPS studies. But we have noticed that HT provides a phase that is aligned to the transition between the exhalation and the inhalation parts of different breathing cycles, instead of being aligned to the breathing onsets...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295424/long-term-future-risk-of-severe-exacerbations-distinct-5-year-trajectories-of-problematic-asthma
#17
Anthony C A Yii, Jessica H Y Tan, Therese S Lapperre, Adrian K W Chan, Su Y Low, Thun H Ong, Keng L Tan, Sanjay H Chotirmall, Peter J Sterk, Mariko S Koh
BACKGROUND: Assessing future risk of exacerbations is an important component of asthma management. Existing studies have investigated short-, but not long-term risk. Problematic asthma patients with unfavorable long-term disease trajectory and persistently frequent severe exacerbations need to be identified early to guide treatment. METHODS: Severe exacerbation rates over five years for 177 "problematic asthma" patients presenting to a specialist asthma clinic were tracked...
March 11, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293622/sleeping-with-an-android
#18
Beenish M Chaudhry
Sleep quality and duration are strong indicators of an individual's health and quality of lifebut they are difficult to track in everyday life. Mobile apps such as Sleep as Android leverage smartphone sensors to track sleep patterns and make recommendations to improve sleeping habits.
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282238/changes-in-the-sleep-wake-rhythm-sleep-quality-mood-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-receiving-treatment-for-lung-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Wen-Pei Chang, Chia-Chin Lin
Studies on the diurnal sleep-wake rhythm of patients with lung cancer have mostly examined patients cross-sectionally, whereas the effects of lung cancer treatment over time have rarely been considered. Through long-term longitudinal tracking of patients with lung cancer, this study examined changes in their sleep-wake rhythm, sleep quality, anxiety, depressive symptoms, fatigue and quality of life (QoL) at various treatment stages. In addition, factors affecting their QoL were explored. Hierarchical linear modeling was adopted to analyze a convenience sample of 82 patients with lung cancer...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281106/tracking-daily-fatigue-fluctuations-in-multiple-sclerosis-ecological-momentary-assessment-provides-unique-insights
#20
Daniel J H Powell, Christina Liossi, Wolff Schlotz, Rona Moss-Morris
Studies investigating the prevalence, cause, and consequence of multiple sclerosis (MS) fatigue typically use single measures that implicitly assume symptom-stability over time, neglecting information about if, when, and why severity fluctuates. We aimed to examine the extent of moment-to-moment and day-to-day variability in fatigue in relapsing-remitting MS and healthy individuals, and identify daily life determinants of fluctuations. Over 4 weekdays, 76 participants (38 relapsing-remitting MS; 38 controls) recruited from multiple sites provided real-time self-reports six times daily (n = 1661 observations analyzed) measuring fatigue severity, stressors, mood, and physical exertion, and daily self-reports of sleep quality...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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