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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917260/does-obesity-affect-the-outcomes-in-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-analysis-of-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-database-2010-2014
#1
Rupak Desai, Sandeep Singh, Maryam Baikpour, Hemant Goyal, Abhijeet Dhoble, Abhishek Deshmukh, Gautam Kumar, Rajesh Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: It is well known that obesity can lead to increased oxidative stress, which is one of the proposed mechanisms in the etiopathogenesis of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TCM). However, it is unknown if the presence of obesity affects the outcomes in patients with TCM. METHODS: We queried the National Inpatient Sample database from 2010-2014 to identify adult patients who admitted with a principal diagnosis of TCM with and without obesity. We compared the categorical and continuous variables by Pearson's chi-square and Student's t-test respectively in propensity-score matched cohorts...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916565/-care-related-intervention-in-rehabilitative-pneumology-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-chronic-obstructive-broncopneumopathies-copd-can-benefit-from-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#2
Michele Vitacca, Dina Visca, Antonio Spanevello
OBJECTIVES: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common, preventable and treatable disease that is characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation. Cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, depression/anxiety, musculoskeletal impairment and obstructive sleep apnea are frequent and important comorbidities in COPD, often under-diagnosed, and associated with poor health status and prognosis. METHODS: Pulmonary rehabilitation improves symptoms, quality of life, pulmonary function, and health care in patients with chronic respiratory disease...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916441/epidemiology-drug-resistance-and-pathophysiology-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria
#3
REVIEW
Kiran K Dayananda, Rajeshwara N Achur, D Channe Gowda
Malaria, caused by the protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium, is a major health problem in many countries of the world. Five parasite species namely, Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi, cause malaria in humans. Of these, P. falciparum and P. vivax are the most prevalent and account for the majority of the global malaria cases. In most areas of Africa, P. vivax infection is essentially absent because of the inherited lack of Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines on the surface of red blood cells that is involved in the parasite invasion of erythrocytes...
January 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916287/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-associated-diffuse-alveolar-haemorrhage-a-single-centre-experience-in-han-chinese-patients
#4
C-R Wang, M-F Liu, C-T Weng, W-C Lin, W-T Li, H-W Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Despite aggressive therapeutic regimens, diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is still associated with a high mortality rate in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study was carried out in patients with SLE-associated DAH with a focus on their therapeutic modality. METHOD: A retrospective review was performed in 839 Han Chinese lupus patients hospitalized for their DAH manifestation from May 2006 to December 2016. RESULTS: There were 24 episodes in 17 cases (2...
June 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915653/coagulation-in-chronic-liver-disease-and-the-use-of-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-for-an-emergent-procedure-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Matthew Laubham, Eric Kallwitz
Synthetic dysfunction observed in cirrhosis results in altered production of procoagulants and anticoagulants that can lead to both bleeding and thrombotic events, respectively. In patients with decompensated cirrhosis, frequent hospital visits often require bedside procedures such as diagnostic paracenteses, thoracenteses and endoscopy. It can be difficult to determine at what coagulation threshold procedures can safely be performed. Currently, the most common therapies given pre-procedurally include fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and vitamin K...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914826/a-pilot-study-to-investigate-the-therapeutic-effect-of-valsalva-maneuver-on-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-adults
#6
Jung Ju Han, Jung Mee Park, Dong Kee Kim, So Young Park, Shi Nae Park
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was performed to investigate the therapeutic effect of Valsalva maneuver on otitis media in adults and to evaluate the prognostic factors for the good response. METHODS: Thirty nine ears of 32 adult patients who were diagnosed as otitis media with effusion and managed by one-week Valsalva maneuver (>20/day) without any other medication were included in this study. Its therapeutic efficacy was evaluated and the prognostic factors which predict the response of Valsalva maneuver were analyzed by comparing various clinical and audiological factors between success and failure groups...
June 15, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914800/the-respiratory-syncytial-virus-vaccine-landscape-lessons-from-the-graveyard-and-promising-candidates
#7
REVIEW
Natalie I Mazur, Deborah Higgins, Marta C Nunes, José A Melero, Annefleur C Langedijk, Nicole Horsley, Ursula J Buchholz, Peter J Openshaw, Jason S McLellan, Janet A Englund, Asuncion Mejias, Ruth A Karron, Eric Af Simões, Ivana Knezevic, Octavio Ramilo, Pedro A Piedra, Helen Y Chu, Ann R Falsey, Harish Nair, Leyla Kragten-Tabatabaie, Anne Greenough, Eugenio Baraldi, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Johan Vekemans, Fernando P Polack, Mair Powell, Ashish Satav, Edward E Walsh, Renato T Stein, Barney S Graham, Louis J Bont
The global burden of disease caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is increasingly recognised, not only in infants, but also in older adults (aged ≥65 years). Advances in knowledge of the structural biology of the RSV surface fusion glycoprotein have revolutionised RSV vaccine development by providing a new target for preventive interventions. The RSV vaccine landscape has rapidly expanded to include 19 vaccine candidates and monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in clinical trials, reflecting the urgency of reducing this global health problem and hence the prioritisation of RSV vaccine development...
June 15, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913961/girl-presenting-with-oesophageal-spasm-pain-after-fundoplication
#8
Ewa Gawecka, Oddbjørn Viken
Introduction A previously healthy 19-year-old woman, who had symptoms of gastric-oesophagela reflux disease for over one year, was transferred to our specialist hospital three weeks post fundoplication operation at a local hospital. She had several episodes with severe retrosternal pain lasting minutes to hours which was stabbing in character. She persistently experienced what was thought to be episodes of oesophageal spasm associated with food intake or movement. She required gradually escalating doses of opioids, both transdermal, intramuscular and intravenous...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913911/buprenorphine-clinically-useful-but-often-misunderstood
#9
Stephen Butler
Background There are a number of false myths about buprenorphine based on unconfirmed animal data, even from isolated animal organs, and early clinical research. These myths came into textbooks on pharmacology and pain about 30 years ago and have been difficult to eradicate. Animal models of pain and pain relief are notoriously unreliable as predictors of human clinical effects. The fact is that in clinical practice there is NO bell-shaped dose-response curve, there is NO plateau on the dose-response curve, and there is NO antagonist effect from buprenorphine on other mu-opioid agonists...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913148/disruption-of-idh2-attenuates-lps-induced-inflammation-and-lung-injury-in-%C3%AE-ketoglutarate-dependent-manner
#10
Jung Hyun Park, Hyeong Jun Ku, Jin Hyup Lee, Jeen-Woo Park
Acute lung injury (ALI) is an acute failure of the respiratory system with unacceptably high mortality, for which effective treatment is urgently necessary. Infiltrations by immune cells, such as leukocytes and macrophages, are responsible for the inflammatory response in ALI, which is characterized by excessive production of pro-inflammatory mediators in lung tissues exposed to various pathogen-associated molecules such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from microbial organisms. α-Ketoglutarate (α-KG) is a key metabolic intermediate and acts as a pro-inflammatory metabolite, which is responsible for LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokine production through NF-κB signaling pathway...
June 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912602/comparing-immunoglobulin-a-vasculitis-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-children-and-adults-a-single-centre-study-from-turkey
#11
E D Batu, A Sarı, A Erden, H E Sönmez, B Armağan, U Kalyoncu, Ö Karadağ, Y Bilginer, A Akdoğan, S Kiraz, S Özen
OBJECTIVE: Immunoglobulin A vasculitis/Henoch-Schönlein purpura (IgAV/HSP) is a systemic vasculitis involving small vessels with the deposition of immune complexes containing IgA. It is the most common primary systemic vasculitis of childhood and is much less common in adults. Our aim was to investigate the differences and similarities between adult and paediatric patients with IgAV/HSP. METHOD: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 35 adult and 159 paediatric (˂ 18 years old) patients with a clinical diagnosis of IgAV/HSP who were seen at the Departments of Rheumatology and Pediatric Rheumatology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey...
June 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911033/association-between-glycemic-gap-and-adverse-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-with-diabetes
#12
Sandeep Donagaon, Mala Dharmalingam
Objectives: Glycemic excursions are commonly seen in patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and are related to adverse outcomes. Glycemic gap is a marker of this excursion in patients with diabetes. It can be used to predict adverse outcomes in patients with diabetes admitted to the ICU. It is calculated by subtracting A1C-derived average glucose (ADAG) = ([28.7 × HbA1c]-46.7) from plasma glucose at admission. Objective of this study was to correlate glycemic gap and adverse outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) admitted to the ICU...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910541/noninvasive-ventilation-for-acute-respiratory-failure-due-to-noncystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis
#13
Vijay Hadda, Gopal Chawla, Pawan Tiwari, Karan Madan, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Anant Mohan, Gopi C Khilnani, Randeep Guleria
Purpose of the Study: Data regarding the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) for treatment of acute respiratory failure (ARF) among patients with noncystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis are limited. We intend to describe our experience with NIV use in this setting. Methodology: This was a retrospective study which included 99 patients with bronchiectasis and ARF who required either NIV or invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Results: NIV was started as the primary modality of ventilatory support in 81 (66...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910540/high-flow-nasal-cannula-versus-conventional-oxygen-therapy-in-children-with-respiratory-distress
#14
Punthila Sitthikarnkha, Rujipat Samransamruajkit, Nuanchan Prapphal, Jitladda Deerojanawong, Suchada Sritippayawan
Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine the clinical efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy compared with conventional oxygen therapy in children presented with respiratory distress. Study Design: This was a randomized controlled study. Materials and Methods: Infants and children aged between 1 month to 5 years who were admitted to our tertiary referral center for respiratory distress (July 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015) and met the inclusion criteria were recruited...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910123/clinical-characteristics-of-copd-patients-with-early-onset-desaturation-in-the-6-minute-walk-test
#15
I García-Talavera, J M Figueira-Gonçalves, N Gurbani, L Pérez-Méndez, A Pedrero-García
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced desaturation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently has prognostic implications. Desaturation within the first minute of the walk 6-minute walk test will probably also occur in daily life activities and translate into hypoxaemic respiratory failure at rest in later years. This study aimed at comparing these patients with those who desaturate after the first minute and determine potential markers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective study collecting data on respiratory function tests, cardiovascular comorbidity, body mass index, pack-year index, 6-minute walk test outcomes, BODE index, and Charlson comorbidity index...
June 14, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910108/prevalence-predictors-and-impact-of-bacterial-infection-in-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-patients
#16
Shalimar, Gyanranjan Rout, Shekhar S Jadaun, Gyan Ranjan, Saurabh Kedia, Deepak Gunjan, Baibaswata Nayak, Subrat Kumar Acharya, Ajay Kumar, Arti Kapil
BACKGROUND: Acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) is associated with high short term mortality. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, predictors and impact of bacterial infection in ACLF. METHODS: Consecutive hospitalized patients with cirrhosis and acute decompensation (AD), from January 2011-March 2017, were included. Predictors of survival and infection were assessed. RESULTS: 572 patients with cirrhosis and AD were classified into 3 groups - no infection (group 1, n = 190, 33...
May 28, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908886/the-potential-role-of-substance-p-in-brainstem-homeostatic-control-in-the-pathogenesis-of-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-sids
#17
REVIEW
Fiona M Bright, Robert Vink, Roger W Byard
Victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are believed to have an underlying dysfunction in medullary homeostatic control that impairs critical responses to life threatening challenges such as hypoxia, hypercarbia and asphyxia, often during a sleep period. This failure is thought to result from abnormalities in a network of neural pathways in the medulla oblongata that control respiration, chemosensitivity, autonomic function and arousal. Studies have mainly focused on the role of serotonin, 5-hydroxytyptamine (5HT), although the neuropeptide substance P (SP) has also been shown to play an integral role in the modulation of medullary homeostatic function, often in conjunction with 5-HT...
May 5, 2018: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908681/the-impact-of-early-enteral-nutrition-on-pediatric-acute-respiratory-failure
#18
Amanda Haney, Emily Burritt, Christopher J Babbitt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Children who are critically ill undergo metabolic stress and it is important that they receive adequate calories and protein in order to recover. Our objective was to investigate the impact of early enteral nutrition (EEN) on pediatric intensive care (PICU) patients with acute respiratory failure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all patients admitted to a 20 bed PICU at a tertiary children's hospital over a 30 month period...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908380/the-impact-of-extubation-failure-in-patients-with-good-grade-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
Jann F Wojak, Claudia Ditz, Abdulkareem Abusamha, Emma Smith, Jan Gliemroth, Volker Tronnier, Jan Küchler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical impact of extubation failure (EF) in with good grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), in which a good clinical course is usually expected. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the clinical data from 141 patients with SAH and i. initial Hunt & Hess grade 1-3 ii. induction of general anesthesia for intervention and iii. the presence of data about the functional outcome. Patients were divided into three groups: 1...
June 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907900/-anesthesia-ventilation-and-pain-treatment-in-thoracic-trauma
#20
REVIEW
M Weigeldt, M Paul, S Schulz-Drost, M D Schmittner
The management of anesthesia plays a central role in the treatment of thoracic trauma, both in the initial phase when safeguarding the difficult airway and in the intensive care unit. A rapid transfer to a trauma center should be considered in order to recognize and treat organ dysfunction in time. Development of atelectasis, pneumonia and acute lung failure are common pulmonary complications. Non-invasive ventilation combined with physiotherapy and respiratory training can help to minimize these pulmonary complications...
June 15, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
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