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Postural restoration institute

Ella Been, Sara Shefi, Michalle Soudack
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical lordosis is of great importance to posture and function. Neck pain and disability is often associated with cervical lordosis malalignment. Surgical procedures involving cervical lordosis stabilization or restoration must take into account age and gender differences in cervical lordosis architecture to avoid further complications. PURPOSE: Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to evaluate differences in cervical lordosis between males and females from childhood to adulthood...
June 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
H Rich Tenney, Kyndall L Boyle, Aaron Debord
PURPOSE: To assess the immediate effect of hamstring and abdominal activation on pain levels as measured by the Numeric Pain Scale (NPS) and hip range of motion as measured by Ober's Test in people with lumbopelvic pain. METHODS: Thirteen participants with lumbopelvic pain and positive Ober's Tests completed an exercise developed by the Postural Restoration Institute™ to recruit hamstrings and abdominal muscles. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in passive hip-adduction angles (p<0...
2013: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Jun Miao, Shaobai Wang, Won Man Park, Qun Xia, Xiutong Fang, Martin P Torriani, Kirkham B Wood, Guoan Li
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), typically characterized by the forward slippage of the superior vertebra of a lumbar motion segment, is a common spinal pathological condition in elderly individuals. Significant deformation and volume changes of the spinal canal can occur because of the vertebral slippage, but few data have been reported on these anatomic variations in DS patients. Whether to restore normal anatomy, such as reduction of the slippage and restoration of disc height, is still not clear in surgery...
June 2013: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Kyndall L Boyle
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case study is to describe the management of a female patient with chronic left low back pain and sacroiliac joint pain (LBP/SIJP) using unique unilateral exercises developed by the Postural Restoration Institute (PRI) to address pelvic asymmetry and left hip capsule restriction, which is consistent with a Right Handed and Left Anterior Interior Chain pattern of postural asymmetry.Client Description: The client was 65-year-old woman with a 10-month history of constant left LBP/SIJP and leg pain...
2011: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Liván Rodríguez-Mutuberría, Lázaro Álvarez-González, Maikel López, Juan E Bender-del Busto, Elizabeth Fernández-Martínez, Susana Martínez-Segón, Jorge A Bergado
The present paper shows the result of an open prospective study performed to evaluate the tolerance and efficacy of a program for neurological restoration (PRN) in stroke patients. The PRN is organized 4 weeks cycles - 39 hours per week - and applied by a team of physical, occupational, and speech therapists, physiatrists, psychologists, clinicians and nurses; directed by a neurologist. The first phase of treatment aims to increase the physical capacity and tolerance to exercise. The second phase trains specific abilities (balance, posture, gait and handling)...
2011: NeuroRehabilitation
Jason H Robey, Kyndall L Boyle
BACKGROUND: Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) involves compression of the brachial plexus, subclavius artery and vein. Many studies discuss efficacy of surgery and few discuss conservative treatment. It is unknown what specific forms of conservative treatment are best. OBJECTIVE: Describe conservative management for TOS using unique exercises. CASE DESCRIPTION: A collegiate football player reported numbness/tingling down his right arm after a right brachial plexus stretch injury...
November 2009: North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy: NAJSPT
Hyeun Sung Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Chang Il Ju, Seok Won Kim, Sung Myung Lee, Ho Shin
OBJECTIVE: Bone cement augmentation procedures such as percutaneous vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty have been shown to be effective treatment for acute or subacute osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of bone cement augmentation procedures for long standing osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture with late vertebral collapse and persistent back pain. METHODS: Among 278 single level osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures that were treated by vertebral augmentation procedures at our institute, 18 consecutive patients were included in this study...
December 2010: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
M G Tsagareli, R W Doty
Ivane Beritashvili ("Beritoff" in Russian, and often in Western languages) was a major figure in 20th-century neuroscience. Mastering the string galvanometer, he founded the electrophysiology of spinal cord reflexes, showing that inhibition is a distinctly different process from excitation, contrary to the concepts of his famous mentor, Wedensky. Work on postural reflexes with Magnus was cut short by World War I, but he later demonstrated that navigation in two-dimensional space without vision is a function solely of the vestibular system rather than of muscle proprioception...
October 20, 2009: Neuroscience
Eric Klineberg, Timothy McHenry, Carlo Bellabarba, Theodore Wagner, Jens Chapman
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of sacral insufficiency fractures. OBJECTIVE: Determine incidence of sacral insufficiency fractures after posterior lumbosacral fusion. Review the pertinent literature. Describe the ability of lumbopelvic fixation to restore the alignment of these fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Fractures of the sacrum are rare injuries that have been described at the caudal end of lumbopelvic constructs. Without a high index of suspicion, this entity can be overlooked, causing a diagnostic delay...
July 15, 2008: Spine
Theodoros B Grivas, Georgios I Rodopoulos, Nikolaos V Bardakos
PURPOSE: This review article aims at providing an update on the basic science and clinical information underlying the use of nocturnal braces for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. METHOD: The National Institutes of Health online medical database (Medline) was used to retrieve all articles pertinent to clinical research on night-time bracing; data were also collected from manufacturing companies. Additional information was obtained from literature on pathomechanics of scoliosis...
May 2008: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jacob M Buchowski, Keith H Bridwell, Lawrence G Lenke, Craig A Kuhns, Ronald A Lehman, Youngjung J Kim, David Stewart, Chris Baldus
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical, radiographic, and outcomes assessment focusing on neurologic complications in patients undergoing pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). Clinical data were collected prospectively. Radiographic analysis was performed retrospectively. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intraoperative and postoperative neurologic deficits following lumbar PSOs in order to determine risk factors, treatment strategies, and patient outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although technically demanding, PSOs have been increasingly used to restore lumbar lordosis and correct sagittal deformity...
September 15, 2007: Spine
Yongjung J Kim, Keith H Bridwell, Lawrence G Lenke, Gene Cheh, Christine Baldus
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To report results at a minimum 5 years after pedicle subtraction osteotomy for fixed sagittal imbalance. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No one has reported results of pedicle subtraction osteotomies with a 5- to 8-year follow-up. METHOD: Thirty-five consecutive patients with sagittal imbalance (29 females/6 males, average age at surgery, 53.1 years) treated with lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomies (1 at L1, 13 at L2, 20 at L3, and 1 at L4) at 1 institution were analyzed (average follow-up, 5...
September 15, 2007: Spine
S S Arora, H Tandon
Crawling is one of the most common modes of ambulating in children with severe paralysis and deformities in poliomyelitis. Restoring upright posture and bipedal gait, although desirable, has its own limitations due to various factors. Fifty-three children below the age of 12 years (29 boys and 24 girls) crawling due to post-poliomyelitis residual paralysis were assessed for the genesis of crawling as a mode of ambulating. The patterns of crawling were classified according to Cross's classification. Paralyzed muscles and deformities in definite combinations were found responsible for each type of crawling...
November 1999: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
D F Fishbaugh, S Wilson, J W Preisch, J M Weaver
A previous report suggested that airway compromise without self-correction may occur in pediatric dental patients sedated with chloral hydrate (CH) and nitrous oxide (N2O) and may be interpreted as "deep" sedation. The purpose of this institutionally approved study was to determine 1) the association between the size of the tonsils and 2) the degree of expired carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen saturation (SaO2) changes to simulated airway obstruction using the Moore head-tilt maneuver for 30 sec or less. Thirty healthy children (ASA I), aged 22-40 months, were evaluated for tonsil size and sedated with CH (50 mg/kg) and hydroxyzine (2 mg/kg) and supplemented with N2O...
May 1997: Pediatric Dentistry
I F Pollack, H W Losken, P Fasick
OBJECTIVE: The management of infants with posterior plagiocephaly has been controversial both because of widely differing estimates in the literature of the relative frequencies of true lambdoidal synostosis vs positional molding and because of divergent approaches to treating this problem in different institutions. Based on our experience, we hypothesized that the vast majority of children with posterior plagiocephaly did not have true synostosis and that the cosmetic impairment in such patients could be effectively treated with nonsurgical modalities...
February 1997: Pediatrics
J A Ashton-Miller, M W Yeh, J K Richardson, T Galloway
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that use of a cane in the nondominant hand during challenging balance tasks would significantly decrease loss of balance in patients with peripheral neuropathy while transferring from bipedal to unipedal stance on an unsteady surface. DESIGN: Nonrandomized control study. SETTING: Tertiary-care institution. PARTICIPANTS: Eight consecutive patients with peripheral neuropathy (PN) and eight age- and gender-matched controls (C) with a mean (SD) age of 65 (8...
May 1996: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
H Kagaya, Y Shimada, K Ebata, M Sato, K Sato, T Yukawa, G Obinata
OBJECTIVE: Restoration of stand-up motion in patients with complete paraplegia utilizing multichannel functional electrical stimulation, and analysis of the restored motion. DESIGN: Nonrandomized control trial. SETTING: General community, a referral center, institutional practice, and ambulatory care: PATIENTS: Twelve volunteer samples were used for the collection of normal data. Two complete paraplegics received treatment for the restoration of stand-up motion...
September 1995: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
T Colquitt
This article acknowledges sleep-wear phenomena and suggests research to study the correlation between sleeping postures and nocturnal bruxism through scientific studies. After the bruxers have been identified, the baseline muscle activity, bruxing movements, and sleep position data can be recorded. Individual treatment can be instituted in a sleep laboratory as follows: Some patients can be dismissed without treatment and others may merely need counseling in modification of sleep postures. Selective occlusal adjustment of centric relation closure interferences may be performed in some patients to test the influence of deflective contacts on nocturnal bruxism...
January 1987: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
A G Abd, N M Braun, M I Baskin, M M O'Sullivan, D A Alkaitis
Of 1225 patients undergoing open heart surgery over an 18-month period, 13 had diaphragmatic dysfunction due to phrenic nerve injury; 11 of these had internal mammary artery grafting. Nine had diaphragmatic dysfunction on the same side as the internal mammary artery graft side (7 bilateral and 2 unilateral) as determined by fluoroscopy during phrenic nerve stimulation. Although topical cardiac hypothermia has been the prevailing mechanism for diaphragmatic dysfunction due to phrenic nerve injury after open-heart surgery, dissection of the internal mammary artery with electrocautery, traction, or vascular compromise to the phrenic nerve, or a combination, could be additional factors...
December 1, 1989: Annals of Internal Medicine
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