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UTI In childrens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628969/association-between-vitamin-d-and-urinary-tract-infection-in-children
#1
Abolfazl Mahyar, Parviz Ayazi, Sara Safari, Reza Dalirani, Amir Javadi, Shiva Esmaeily
Purpose: The present study aimed to determine the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level and Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. Methods: In this case-control study, 70 children with UTI (case group) were compared with 70 healthy children (control group) in terms of serum 25(OH)D levels. The children were between 1 month and 12 years of age. Serum 25(OH)D levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results were analyzed and compared between both groups...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594460/does-endoscopic-puncture-of-ureterocele-provide-not-only-an-initial-solution-but-also-a-definitive-treatment-in-all-children-over-the-26-years-of-experience
#2
Jaber Jawdat, Shachar Rotem, Stanislav Kocherov, Amicur Farkas, Boris Chertin
PURPOSE: We have retrospectively evaluated all patients who underwent endoscopic puncture (EP) of ureterocele over the last 26 years with special reference to the need in the second intervention and disease-free status. METHODS: 78 (69%) of the 112 patients following EP and completed follow-up were included. 51 (65%) were diagnosed prenatally and 27 (35%) postnatally. 46 patients (60%) had intravesical, while 32 (40%) had ectopic ureterocele. Median age at time of puncture was 4 months...
March 29, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590188/overview-of-systematic-reviews-assessing-the-evidence-for-shorter-versus-longer-duration-antibiotic-treatment-for-bacterial-infections-in-secondary-care
#3
Igho J Onakpoya, A Sarah Walker, Pui S Tan, Elizabeth A Spencer, Oghenekome A Gbinigie, Johanna Cook, Martin J Llewelyn, Christopher C Butler
Our objective was to assess the clinical effectiveness of shorter versus longer duration antibiotics for treatment of bacterial infections in adults and children in secondary care settings, using the evidence from published systematic reviews. We conducted electronic searches in MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, and Cinahl. Our primary outcome was clinical resolution. The quality of included reviews was assessed using the AMSTAR criteria, and the quality of the evidence was rated using the GRADE criteria. We included 6 systematic reviews (n = 3,162)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588332/risks-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-children-with-infantile-urinary-tract-infection-a-13-year-nationwide-cohort-study
#4
Teck-King Tan, Miguel Saps, Cheng-Li Lin, Chang-Ching Wei
Early life events play a crucial role in the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Some evidence suggests the phenomenon of cross-organ sensitization between bladder and colon. Whether urinary tract infection (UTI) during infancy is a risk factor of childhood IBS remains to be elucidated. In this retrospective cohort study, we selected 31 788 infants who had UTI between 2000 and 2011 as a UTI cohort and selected 127 152 infants without UTI as a comparison cohort, matched by age, sex and level of urbanization of living area...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588142/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-more-sensitive-than-dimercaptosuccinic-acid-scintigraphy-in-detecting-parenchymal-lesions-in-children-with-acute-pyelonephritis-a-prospective-study
#5
Alice Bosakova, Dana Salounova, Jaroslav Havelka, Otakar Kraft, Pavel Sirucek, Radim Kocvara, Michal Hladik
INTRODUCTION: Static renal scintigraphy is the gold standard for detection of inflammatory changes in the renal parenchyma in acute pyelonephritis. Our aim was to determine whether diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) was comparable with static renal scintigraphy (DMSA-SRS) to demonstrate acute renal parenchymal lesions. OBJECTIVE: To compare99m Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid static renal scintigraphy (DMSA-SRS) with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) for detecting acute inflammatory changes in the renal parenchyma in children with febrile urinary tract infection...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577511/association-between-interleukin-8-receptor-gene-cxcr1-and-cxcr2-polymorphisms-and-urinary-tract-infection-evidence-from-4097-subjects
#6
Shi-Sheng Han, Yan Lu, Min Chen, Yan-Qiu Xu, Yi Wang
The aim of this study was to determine whether a correlation exists between interleukin-8 receptor polymorphisms and urinary tract infection (UTI) susceptibility. We systematically searched electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Web of Science up to November 5, 2017 to select appropriate studies that focused on C-X-C chemokine receptor type 1 and/or 2 (CXCR1, CXCR2) polymorphisms with susceptibility to UTI. Eight case-control studies including 2085 patients with UTI and 2012 controls were enrolled in this study...
March 25, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576374/prediction-of-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-with-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-using-relative-uptake-and-cortical-defect-in-dmsa-scan
#7
Il Ki Hong, Mi Hae Chung, Joong Hyun Bin, Kyung-Yil Lee, Jung Sue Kim, Chung Ho Kim, Jin-Soon Suh
BACKGROUND: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is an important urologic anomaly that causes renal injury in children with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). The present study aimed to evaluate the associations of abnormalities detected on technetium-99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scans, focusing on the association with VUR of the levels of relative decrease in kidney function and cortical defects after a first febrile UTI in children. METHODS: All 171 children underwent ultrasonography, DMSA scan and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)...
March 6, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539955/re-renal-tract-abnormalities-missed-in-a-historical-cohort-of-young-children-with-uti-if-the-nice-and-aap-imaging-guidelines-were-applied
#8
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532235/predictive-ability-of-ngal-in-identifying-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-with-neurogenic-bladders
#9
Catherine S Forster, Elizabeth Jackson, Qing Ma, Michael Bennett, Samir S Shah, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing between urinary tract infection (UTI) and colonization (UTC) in patients with neurogenic bladders who require clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is difficult. Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin concentrations (uNGAL) are increased in UTIs. Our objective was to determine the predictive accuracy of uNGAL for UTI in CIC-dependent children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of CIC-dependent patients from August, 2015 to November, 2016...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527373/-pantoea-agglomerans-infections-in-children-report-of-two-cases
#10
Shraddha Siwakoti, Rinku Sah, Rupa Singh Rajbhandari, Basudha Khanal
Introduction: Pantoea agglomerans, primarily an environmental and agricultural organism has been reported as both commensal and pathogen of humans. We present two case reports of P. agglomerans infections in children that involved the meninges and bloodstream. Case Presentations: A 6-month-old female baby, diagnosed as congenital hydrocephalus secondary to aqueduct stenosis with ventriculoperitoneal shunt in situ, operated 14 days back was brought to the pediatric emergency with a two-day history of high fever associated with vomiting, irritability, excessive crying, and decreased feeding...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519651/determinants-of-urinary-catheter-removal-practices-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-survey
#11
Karen Trudel, Samara Zavalkoff, Nicholas Winters, Caroline Quach, Jacques Lacroix, Patricia S Fontela
BACKGROUND: Prolonged use of indwelling catheters is associated with hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). Literature is scarce about the factors influencing urinary catheter removal and maintenance in children. This study aims to describe the determinants of urinary catheter removal in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 171 physicians and nurses working at 2 tertiary PICUs in Montreal, Canada. We used focus groups and literature review to design the survey questions and 3 clinical scenarios...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511587/long-term-follow-up-of-proximal-hypospadias-repair-urethral-stricture-should-be-excluded-in-adults-who-present-with-epididymo-orchitis
#12
Kailas P Bhandarkar, Dinesh H Kittur, Santosh V Patil, Sudhakar S Jadhav
Objective: Epididymo-orchitis (EO) is a well-known complication of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. This is commonly seen in children who had hypospadias repair or in those who had surgery for anorectal malformation especially when it results in urethral stricture. However EO occurring as a complication of urethral stricture in adults operated for hypospadias in childhood is not well documented in the literature. Material and methods: This is a retrospective review of four adults who had proximal hypospadias repair in childhood...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500209/7-day-compared-with-10-day-antibiotic-treatment-for-febrile-urinary-tract-infections-in-children-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Maria Daniel, Hania Szajewska, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
INTRODUCTION: The optimal duration of antibiotic therapy in children with febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) is still a matter of debate. Current guidelines recommend treating children with febrile UTIs with antimicrobials for 7 to 14 days. We aim to compare the efficacy and safety of 7-day versus 10-day course of oral or sequence therapy (intravenous with a switch to oral) with cefuroxime/cefuroxime axetil for febrile UTIs in children. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A non-inferiority, double-blind, randomised, controlled trial will be conducted...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494684/neurogenic-bladder-findings-in-patients-with-congenital-zika-syndrome-a-novel-condition
#14
Lucia Maria Costa Monteiro, Glaura Nisya de Oliveira Cruz, Juliana Marin Fontes, Tania Regina Dias Saad Salles, Marcia Cristina Bastos Boechat, Ana Carolina Monteiro, Maria Elizabeth Lopes Moreira
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS) has been associated with microcephaly and other central nervous system abnormalities including areas that have been implicated in the control of the lower urinary tract. As such, this descriptive case series has aimed to investigate whether CZS is linked with neurogenic bladder. Identifying such an association is paramount in the effort to recognize CZS complications that have putative treatment options that could mitigate the impact of CZS in infected children...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472269/understanding-the-gender-gap-in-antibiotic-prescribing-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-english-primary-care
#15
David R M Smith, F Christiaan K Dolk, Timo Smieszek, Julie V Robotham, Koen B Pouwels
OBJECTIVES: To explore the causes of the gender gap in antibiotic prescribing, and to determine whether women are more likely than men to receive an antibiotic prescription per consultation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of routinely collected electronic medical records from The Health Improvement Network (THIN). SETTING: English primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who consulted general practices registered with THIN between 2013 and 2015...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441284/infected-renal-hematoma-in-a-healthy-adolescent-with-no-renal-structural-anomaly
#16
Sabrina Huq, Sherry Pejka, Dilip R Patel
Renal abscesses are uncommon in otherwise healthy children and adolescents who have no underlying renal structural anomalies. A previously healthy, immunocompetent, 14-year-old male without a history of abdominal trauma or urinary tract infection (UTI) was found to have a renal hematoma that became infected and developed into a renal abscess. He presented with a 2-day history of nausea, vomiting, fever and 1-day history of abdominal pain that radiated to the right flank. Clinical examination, blood work, and initial imaging indicated likely infection; however, findings were normal on urinalysis and urine culture had no growth...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441108/is-vaginal-reflux-associated-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-female-children-under-the-age-of-36-months
#17
Yu Bin Kim, Chih Lung Tang, Ja Wook Koo
Purpose: To determine the relationship between vaginal reflux (VR) and urinary tract infection (UTI) in female children aged <36 months. Methods: A single center retrospective study was performed for 191 girls aged <36 months, with a diagnosis of febrile UTI, who underwent a voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) for assessment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) at Sanggye Paik Hospital. Fifty-one girls, who underwent VCUG for assessment of congenital hydronephrosis or renal pelvis dilatation, without a UTI, formed the control group...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428362/changes-in-antimicrobial-resistance-and-demographics-of-utis-in-pediatric-patients-in-a-single-institution-over-a-6-year-period
#18
B Erol, M Culpan, H Caskurlu, U Sari, Y Cag, H Vahaboglu, S H Özumut, M I Karaman, T Caskurlu
PURPOSE: To determine changes in antimicrobial resistance and demographics of UTIs in pediatric patients in a single institution over a 6-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study examined outpatient urinary isolates from patients aged <18 years. A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of bacteria isolated from children with UTI was performed between 2009 and 2014. The most common bacterial pathogens were determined in the following four age groups: <2 years; 2-5 years; 6-12 years; and 13-17 years...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398588/preliminary-report-surgical-outcomes-following-genitoplasty-in-children-with-moderate-to-severe-genital-atypia
#19
K J Bernabé, N J Nokoff, D Galan, D Felsen, C E Aston, P Austin, L Baskin, Y-M Chan, E Y Cheng, D A Diamond, R Ellens, A Fried, S Greenfield, T Kolon, B Kropp, Y Lakshmanan, S Meyer, T Meyer, A M Delozier, L L Mullins, B Palmer, A Paradis, P Reddy, K J Scott Reyes, M Schulte, J M Swartz, E Yerkes, C Wolfe-Christensen, A B Wisniewski, D P Poppas
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies of outcomes following genitoplasty have reported high rates of surgical complications among children with atypical genitalia. Few studies have prospectively assessed outcomes after contemporary surgical approaches. OBJECTIVE: The current study reported the occurrence of early postoperative complications and of cosmetic outcomes (as rated by surgeons and parents) at 12 months following contemporary genitoplasty procedures in children born with atypical genitalia...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397201/are-foley-catheters-needed-after-minimally-invasive-repair-of-pectus-excavatum
#20
Tyler C Friske, Richard Sola, Yangyang R Yu, Abdur R Jamal, Eric Rosenfeld, Huirong Zhu, Mark V Mazziotti, Shawn D St Peter, Sohail R Shah
BACKGROUND: High narcotic requirements after minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) can increase the risk of urinary retention. Placement of intraoperative Foley catheters to minimize this risk is variable. This study determines the rate of urinary retention in this population to guide future practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively all patients who underwent MIRPE from January 2012 to July 2016 at 2 academic children's hospitals...
January 31, 2018: Surgery
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