keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antiretrovirals in hiv positives childrens

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673395/shorter-treatment-for-minimal-tuberculosis-tb-in-children-shine-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Chishala Chabala, Anna Turkova, Margaret J Thomason, Eric Wobudeya, Syed Hissar, Vidya Mave, Marieke van der Zalm, Megan Palmer, Monica Kapasa, Perumal K Bhavani, Sarath Balaji, Priyanka A Raichur, Anne-Marie Demers, Graeme Hoddinott, Ellen Owen-Powell, Aarti Kinikar, Philippa Musoke, Veronica Mulenga, Rob Aarnoutse, Helen McIlleron, Anneke Hesseling, Angela M Crook, Mark Cotton, Diana M Gibb
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) in children is frequently paucibacillary and non-severe forms of pulmonary TB are common. Evidence for tuberculosis treatment in children is largely extrapolated from adult studies. Trials in adults with smear-negative tuberculosis suggest that treatment can be effectively shortened from 6 to 4 months. New paediatric, fixed-dose combination anti-tuberculosis treatments have recently been introduced in many countries, making the implementation of World Health Organisation (WHO)-revised dosing recommendations feasible...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660296/influence-of-aids-antiretroviral-therapy-on-the-growth-pattern
#2
REVIEW
Ana Paula Brigatto Simões Golucci, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson, Mariana Freitas Fedato Valente, Maira Migliari Branco, Camila Carbone Prado, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus infection can result in the early impairment of anthropometric indicators in children and adolescents. However, combined antiretroviral therapy has improved, in addition to the immune response and viral infection, the weight and height development in infected individuals. Therefore, the objective was to evaluate the effect of combined antiretroviral on the growth development of human immunodeficiency virus infected children and adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: A systematic review was performed...
April 13, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629663/the-effect-of-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-use-among-hiv-positive-children-on-the-hazard-of-aids-using-calendar-year-as-an-instrumental-variable
#3
Andrew Anglemyer, Amy Sturt, Yvonne Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Instrumental variable (IV) analyses are a common causal inference technique used in the absence of randomized data. Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) was first introduced in 1996 and calendar periods have been used as a proxy for cART use. However, cART use misclassification can bias IV analyses. OBJECTIVE: We aim to highlight the differences in effects of antiretroviral therapy on clinical outcomes between applications of traditional and adapted IV analysis techniques...
April 9, 2018: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625591/neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-and-early-treated-hiv-infected-children-study-protocol
#4
Renate Strehlau, Tamryn van Aswegen, Joanne Potterton
OBJECTIVE: Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence of children at risk of not achieving their developmental potential, attributable largely to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic coupled with negative environmental factors. Childhood developmental stimulation programmes can mitigate adverse outcomes. METHODS: Neonates testing HIV positive at birth will be initiated on antiretroviral treatment (ART) and receive an age-appropriate stimulation program, updated at 3 monthly intervals through the first year of life...
April 6, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587791/sexual-and-reproductive-health-behavior-and-unmet-needs-among-a-sample-of-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zambia-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sumiyo Okawa, Sylvia Mwanza-Kabaghe, Mwiya Mwiya, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Masamine Jimba, Chipepo Kankasa, Naoko Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV face challenges, such as disclosure of HIV status, adherence to antiretroviral therapy, mental health, and sexual and reproductive health (SRH). These challenges affect their future quality of life. However, little evidence is available on their sexual behaviors and SRH needs in Zambia. This study aimed at assessing their sexual behaviors and SRH needs and identifying factors associated with marriage concerns and a desire to have children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University Teaching Hospital from April to July 2014...
March 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587719/nurse-led-home-based-care-for-people-with-hiv-aids
#6
Elizabeth M Wood, Babalwa Zani, Tonya M Esterhuizen, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: Home-based care is used in many countries to increase quality of life and limit hospital stay, particularly where public health services are overburdened. Home-based care objectives for HIV/AIDS can include medical care, delivery of antiretroviral treatment and psychosocial support. This review assesses the effects of home-based nursing on morbidity in people infected with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: The trials studied are in HIV positive adults and children, regardless of sex or setting and all randomised controlled...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579247/reduced-fecundity-in-hiv-positive-women
#7
A Gemmill, S E K Bradley, S van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Is HIV associated with increased time to pregnancy (TTP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: HIV-positive women who discontinue a contraceptive method to become pregnant have increased TTP, particularly among those who likely do not know their status. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: HIV-positive women have fewer children on average than their HIV-negative counterparts due to both behavioral and biological factors. There is a need to better describe and quantify fecundity patterns associated with HIV in the general population...
March 20, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547438/multi-type-violence-exposures-and-adolescent-antiretroviral-non-adherence-in-south-africa
#8
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Elona Toska, F Mark Orkin, Rebecca J Hodes, Lorraine Sherr
OBJECTIVE(S): HIV-positive adolescents have low ART-adherence, with consequent increased risks of mortality, morbidity and viral resistance. Despite high rates of violence against children in the Africa region, no known studies have tested impacts on HIV-positive adolescents. We examine associations of ART-adherence with adolescent violence victimisation by caregivers, teachers, peers, community members, and healthcare providers. DESIGN AND METHODS: HIV-positive adolescents were interviewed (n = 1060), and clinic biomarker data collected...
March 15, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528912/congenital-cmv-and-hiv-perinatal-transmission
#9
Kristina Adachi, Jiahong Xu, Bonnie Ank, D Heather Watts, Margaret Camarca, Lynne M Mofenson, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Esau Joao, Glenda Gray, Gerhard Theron, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Daisy Maria Machado, Mariana Ceriotto, Mariza G Morgado, Yvonne J Bryson, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Mark Mirochnick, Jack Moye, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection (cCMV) is an important cause of hearing loss and cognitive impairment. Prior studies suggest that HIV-exposed children are at higher risk of acquiring cCMV. We assessed the presence, magnitude, and risk factors associated with cCMV among infants born to HIV-infected women, who were not receiving antiretrovirals during pregnancy. METHODS: cCMV and urinary CMV load were determined in a cohort of infants born to HIV-infected women not receiving antiretrovirals during pregnancy...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514232/managing-advanced-hiv-disease-in-a-public-health-approach
#10
Nathan Ford, Graeme Meintjes, Alexandra Calmy, Helen Bygrave, Chantal Migone, Marco Vitoria, Martina Penazzato, Lara Vojnov, Meg Doherty
In 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) published guidelines for the management of advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease within a public health approach. Recent data suggest that more than a third of people starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) do so with advanced HIV disease, and an increasing number of patients re-present to care at an advanced stage of HIV disease following a period of disengagement from care. These guidelines recommend a standardized package of care for adults, adolescents, and children, based on the leading causes of morbidity and mortality: tuberculosis, severe bacterial infections, cryptococcal meningitis, toxoplasmosis, and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia...
March 4, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504506/the-role-of-children-in-their-hiv-positive-parents-management-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-uganda
#11
Ruth Nalugya, Steven Russell, Flavia Zalwango, Janet Seeley
Adjustment to life on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and living with HIV as a long-term chronic condition, pose significant medical, social and economic challenges. We investigated children's role in supporting HIV-positive parents to self-manage life on ART. Between 2010 and 2012, we conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 38 HIV-positive parents who had been on ART for over a year. They were randomly selected from people accessing ART from three delivery sites in Wakiso district, Uganda...
March 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490026/significant-patient-impact-observed-upon-implementation-of-point-of-care-early-infant-diagnosis-technologies-in-an-observational-study-in-malawi
#12
Reuben Mwenda, Youyi Fong, Termson Magombo, Emmanuel Saka, Dalitso Midian, Christopher Mwase, James Kandulu, Melody Wang, Rachel Thomas, Judith Sherman, Lara Vojnov
Background: In Malawi in 2014, less than 20% of HIV-exposed infants received an EID test in the first two months of life and only 30% of HIV-infected children were on ART. We, therefore, sought to understand the potential patient impact of improving timely infant diagnosis and treatment initiation through implementation of POC EID technologies in Malawi. Methods: In this observational study POC EID technologies were introduced into routine services at seven health facilities across Malawi in September 2015...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488063/deficit-of-igg2-in-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-is-responsible-of-inadequate-igg2-levels-in-their-hiv-uninfected-children-in-malawi
#13
Silvia Baroncelli, Clementina Maria Galluzzo, Giuseppe Liotta, Mauro Andreotti, Sandro Mancinelli, Robert Mphwere, Enok Bokola, Roberta Amici, Maria Cristina Marazzi, Leonardo Palombi, Francesca Lucaroni, Marina Giuliano
BACKGROUND: Transplacental passage of IgGs is impaired in HIV + pregnant women, possibly determining an inadequate immunological protection in their children. We aimed to determine the impact of maternal immunological IgG profile and immunoactivation status on the efficiency of transplacental passage of IgG subclasses in HIV + mothers. METHODS: 16 mother/infants pairs were studied in Malawi. Mothers received antiretroviral therapy (ART) from the third trimester of pregnancy...
February 27, 2018: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482600/effects-of-undernutrition-on-survival-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-children-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#14
Animut Alebel, Fasil Wagnew, Cheru Tesema, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Pammla Petrucka, Setegn Eshite
BACKGROUND: The relationship between undernutrition and HIV is bidirectional, ultimately contributing to quality of life and survival of affected individuals. Ethiopia is a sub-Saharan nation influenced by both undernutrition and HIV. In Ethiopia, although individuals are often dually impacted, the effect of undernutrition on the survival of HIV positive children on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) has not been well investigated. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of undernutrition on survival rates of HIV positive children on ART in Amhara Regional State of Ethiopia...
February 27, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479861/where-have-all-the-children-gone-high-hiv-prevalence-in-infants-attending-nutrition-and-inpatient-entry-points
#15
Charles Kiyaga, Brittany Urick, Youyi Fong, Christopher Okiira, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Denis Nansera, Emmanuel Ochola, Julius Nteziyaremye, Victor Bigira, Isaac Ssewanyana, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Trevor Peter, Anisa Ghadrshenas, Lara Vojnov
INTRODUCTION: Despite notable progress towards PMTCT, only 50% of HIV-exposed infants in sub-Saharan Africa were tested within the first 2 months of life and only 30% of HIV-infected infants are on antiretroviral treatment. This study assessed HIV prevalence in infants and children receiving care at various service entry points in primary healthcare facilities in Uganda. METHODS: A total of 3600 infants up to 24 months of age were systematically enrolled and tested at four regional hospitals across Uganda...
February 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460518/prevalence-of-hiv-related-oral-manifestations-and-their-association-with-haart-and-cd4-t-cell-count-a-review
#16
L Ottria, D Lauritano, L Oberti, V Candotto, F Cura, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
HIV infection is one of the major health problem of the last decades. This disease causes a chronic infection that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). According to the Global AIDS update, released in 2016 by HIV department of World Health Organization (WHO) and by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), at the end of 2015, 36.7 million people were infected by HIV: 34.9 million of these were adults and 1.8 million were children under 15 years of age. The same report shows that during 2015, 2...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438439/mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-brazil-data-from-the-birth-in-brazil-study-a-national-hospital-based-study
#17
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Valeria Saraceni, Maria do Carmo Leal
AIMS: to estimate the mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV among infected pregnant women identified in the "Birth in Brazil" study and to evaluate care practices provided in order to identify missed opportunities at preventing the MTCT of HIV infection in the country. METHODS: Descriptive study using data obtained from the consultation of different databases: the "Birth in Brazil" study database and the Brazilian National Information Systems (NIS) databases...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436053/human-immunodeficiency-virus-status-disclosure-and-education-for-children-and-adolescents-in-papua-new-guinea
#18
Thyna Orelly, Henry Welch, Edwin Machine, Wendy Pameh, Trevor Duke
AIM: How to provide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disclosure and awareness for children and young people has not been studied in Papua New Guinea or Pacific Island countries. We aimed to determine the current practices of HIV disclosure and evaluate whether an incremental disclosure education model, as recommended by World Health Organization (WHO), would increase children's knowledge about their condition and improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: We enrolled HIV-infected children on ART whose parents consented, and we identified whether they were aware that they were HIV positive or not...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429436/burkitt-s-lymphoma-the-prevalence-of-hiv-aids-and-the-outcome-of-treatment
#19
P B Hesseling, F Kouya, E Katayi, G Mbah, P Wharin
The prevalence of HIV in Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) patients and the outcome of treatment in Cameroon were unknown. Records of all patients diagnosed with BL at three Cameroon Baptist Convention hospitals were reviewed to ascertain the recorded HIV status and outcome of treatment. Of 979 patients diagnosed with BL, 717 were tested for HIV and 11 (1.5%) were HIV-positive. Three of eight patients treated with both cyclophosphamide (CPM)-based chemotherapy and antiretrovirals were alive at 62, 96 and 111 months, respectively...
February 1, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353495/neurocognitive-functioning-of-hiv-positive-children-attending-the-comprehensive-care-clinic-at-kenyatta-national-hospital-exploring-neurocognitive-deficits-and-psychosocial-risk-factors
#20
Otsetswe Musindo, Paul Bangirana, Pius Kigamwa, Roselyne Okoth, Manasi Kumar
Children and adolescents are affected in different ways by HIV/AIDS. Neurocognitive deficits are one of the most significant long term effects on HIV infected children and adolescents. Several factors are thought to influence cognitive outcomes and this include immune status, Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), education and social support. The aim of the study was to assess the neurocognitive function of HIV infected children and adolescents and correlate it with psychosocial factors. A cross sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 90 children living with HIV between 8 and 15 years (M = 11...
May 2018: AIDS Care
keyword
keyword
68957
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"