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Third molar removal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657529/impact-of-electro-neuro-feedback-on-postoperative-outcome-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery
#1
Giacomo Oteri, Michele Pisano, Antonia Marcianò, Gabriele Cervino, Matteo Peditto
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a treatment with electro-neuro-feedback (ENF), a portable transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) device, on the clinical outcome and inflammatory biochemical parameters related to the impacted lower third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: A randomized, split-mouth, and single-blind study was conducted on 32 patients requiring lower third molars extractions and referred to the Oral Surgery Unit of the School of Dentistry of the University of Messina...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652002/evaluation-of-bioflavonoids-on-the-immediate-and-delayed-microtensile-bond-strength-of-self-etch-and-total-etch-adhesive-systems-to-sound-dentin
#2
Rajeswari Kalaiselvam, Arathi Ganesh, Mathan Rajan, Deivanayagam Kandaswamy
Aim: This study aims to evaluate the effect of two bioflavonoids (epigallocatechin-3-gallate [EGCG] and catechin) and a protein inhibitor (chlorhexidine [CHX]) on the immediate and delayed microtensile bond strength of self-etch and total-etch adhesive systems to sound dentin. Materials and Methods: The occlusal surfaces of 96 mandibular human third molar teeth specimens were ground after removal of the excess tissues, to expose the middle dentin. The dentin specimens were randomly allocated into four groups, each consisting of 24 teeth (n = 24) according to the application of the enzyme inhibitor...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629438/influence-of-leukocyte-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-l-prf-on-the-outcomes-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-removal-surgery-a-split-mouth-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Povilas Daugela, Vaidas Grimuta, Dalius Sakavicius, Juozas Jonaitis, Gintaras Juodzbalys
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) on impacted mandibular third molar (IMTM) extraction wound healing, patient postoperative discomfort, and incidence of alveolar osteitis. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Thirty-four patients (20 female, 14 male) who met the inclusion criteria for this split-mouth randomized clinical trial were enrolled and 30 patients completed the study. Patients were randomized and underwent bilateral IMTM surgical extractions...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628168/effect-of-a-domiciliary-facial-cooling-system-on-generic-quality-of-life-after-removal-of-mandibular-third-molars
#4
A N Beech, S Haworth, G J Knepil
To evaluate quality of life (QoL) and patients' perceptions of a domiciliary facial cooling system (Hilotherm® , Hilotherapy UK Ltd, Coventry, UK), we asked 30 patients to complete a paper-based EQ-5D-3L QoL questionnaire (EuroQol Group 1990, Rotterdam, The Netherlands) each day for seven days after the removal of mandibular third molars. They were returned by 14 of the 20 patients who had not used the system and by all 10 who had. Patients aged between 18 and 25 who had their teeth removed in outpatients (in accordance with National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines) under general anaesthesia (American Association of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I or II) and did not smoke, were included...
April 5, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627152/three-dimensional-radiographic-evaluation-of-root-migration-patterns-4-8-5-years-after-lower-third-molar-coronectomy-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#5
A W K Yeung, N S M Wong, M M Bornstein, Y Y Leung
This prospective study in patients with a follow-up of 4-8.5years aimed to describe the long-term, three-dimensional changes of coronectomized lower third molar roots. Pre- and postoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were compared. The distance of root migration, the direction of root translation and rotation, and the amount of bone regeneration at the adjacent second molar and superficially to the third molar root were recorded. Age, gender, time elapsed following surgery, the status of the retained root including, impaction pattern and depth of impaction were tested to check if they were influencing factors for the above outcomes...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625028/effectiveness-of-drainage-in-mandibular-third-molar-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Shaopeng Liu, Zhu You, Chuan Ma, Ye Wang, Huaqiang Zhao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an evidence-based evaluation of the impact of surgical drainage after the removal of mandibular third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Medline (PubMed), Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials up to September 1, 2017. Postoperative variables, including facial swelling, trismus, and pain, were calculated early (2 to 3 days) and late (5 to 7 days) after the removal of impacted mandibular third molars...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618893/role-of-panoramic-imaging-and-cone-beam-ct-for-assessment-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-exposure-and-subsequent-paresthesia-following-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar
#7
Sonali Ghai, Sankarsan Choudhury
Objectives: Pre-operative radiographic evaluation of impacted mandibular third molar and inferior alveolar canal (IAC) is important in preventing a possible nerve exposure and damage during surgical removal. The present study analysed the relation of the mandibular third molar with inferior alveolar canal using panoramic radiography (PAN) and cone beam CT (CBCT) and evaluated the radiographic features suggestive of IAN exposure and post-operative paresthesia. Materials and Methods: PAN and CBCT findings of 53 impacted mandibular third molars having a close relation with IAC undergoing extraction were analysed...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574809/the-contemporary-management-of-third-molars
#8
D M Hyam
The management of third molars requires a significant assessment and decision process both for the patient and the clinician. The clinician must always identify the indication for third molar surgery, assess the risks of the proposed procedure, and then modify their plan to account for the patient's current and future health, their social and financial setting, and the patient's tolerance of risk. In doing this, the clinician can tailor a solution to meet the individual patient's needs. This decision to remove a third molar is made in the fluid setting of the patient's quality of life and requires regular review...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568027/chlorhexidine-gel-to-prevent-alveolar-osteitis-following-mandibular-third-molar-extractions
#9
Marianne Dobson, Louisa Pillon, Ohsun Kwon, Nicola Innes
Data sourcesMedline/PubMed, Cochrane central, Scopus and Google scholar.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English between January 2010 and December 2015 were identified by two reviewers. Unpublished studies were not considered.Data extraction and synthesisStandard Cochrane Collaboration assessment tools were used to carry out a risk of bias assessment. The following data were collected from the articles; sample size, country, mean age of participants, diagnosis of alveolar osteitis (AO), type of intervention and outcomes...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562913/human-dental-pulp-stromal-cell-conditioned-medium-alters-endothelial-cell-behavior
#10
M A Gharaei, Y Xue, K Mustafa, S A Lie, I Fristad
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is of utmost importance for tissue regeneration and repair. Human dental pulp stromal cells (hDPSCs) possess angiogenic potential, as they secrete paracrine factors that may alter the host microenvironment. However, more insight into how hDPSCs guide endothelial cells (ECs) in a paracrine fashion is yet to be obtained. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the effect(s) of conditioned medium derived from hDPSCs (hDPSC-CM) on EC behavior in vitro. METHODS: hDPSCs were harvested from third molars scheduled for surgical removal under informed consent...
March 21, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554071/relationship-between-third-mandibular-molar-angulation-and-distal-cervical-caries-in-the-second-molar
#11
Andreescu Claudia, Horia Mihail Barbu, Lorean Adi, Alper Gultekin, Vadim Reiser, Pinar Gultekin, Eitan Mijiritsky
Third lower molar partially erupted is commonly encountered in dental practice. This situation challenges clinicians with the dilemma whether to remove or to monitor it, because this molar can cause pathology of the adjacent second molar. The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the relationship between third mandibular molar and distal cervical caries in second molar. This retrospective study analyzed 55 digital orthopantograms of adult patients and a total number of 95 mandibular third molars were assessed for eruption status, angulation, radiographic evidence of caries or restoration in the mandibular third molar, and radiographic evidence of caries or restoration in the distal surface of the mandibular second molar...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538194/postoperative-complications-associated-with-different-fixation-methods-of-isolated-mandibular-angle-fractures
#12
Rafael Ferreira E Costa, Marina Reis Oliveira, Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli, Valfrido Antônio Pereira-Filho, Eduardo Hochuli Vieira
The objective of this study was to review the medical records of patients with a history of mandibular angle fracture who were attended at the Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology of FOAr/UNESP in the last 5 years. The data collected were subjected to chi-squared test (significance level of 5%). The authors reviewed 19 medical records. The main cause was physical aggression (58.00%), but with no statistical difference in relation to the other etiologies (P > 0.05). Regarding the type of fixation, one 2...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523381/iatrogenic-trigeminal-post-traumatic-neuropathy-a-retrospective-two-year-cohort-study
#13
Y Klazen, F Van der Cruyssen, M Vranckx, M Van Vlierberghe, C Politis, T Renton, R Jacobs
With the growing demand for dental work, trigeminal nerve injuries are increasingly common. This retrospective cohort study examined 53 cases of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury seen at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals of Leuven between 2013 and 2014 (0.6% among 8845 new patient visits). Patient records were screened for post-traumatic trigeminal nerve neuropathy caused by nerve injury incurred during implant surgery, endodontic treatment, local anaesthesia, tooth extraction, or specifically third molar removal...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504342/measure-of-frequency-of-alveolar-osteitis-using-two-different-methods-of-osteotomy-in-mandibular-third-molar-impactions-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Hina Rashid, Azmina Hussain, Abdul Hafeez Sheikh, Kehkishan Azam, Sofia Malik, Muhammad Amin
BACKGROUND: Dento-alveolar surgical procedures involving third molar teeth are the most common surgical procedure in the field of surgery. The objective of this research was to analyse the impact of surgery on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after surgical removal of mandibular third molar and to compare two different bone cutting methods following impacted mandibular third molar surgery.. METHODS: This double blinded randomized clinical trial was executed at the OPD of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501118/interdisciplinary-treatment-for-a-compensated-class-ii-partially-edentulous-malocclusion-orthodontic-creation-of-a-posterior-implant-site
#15
Grace Chiu, Chris Chang, W Eugene Roberts
A 36-year-old woman with good periodontal health sought treatment for a compensated Class II partially edentulous malocclusion associated with a steep mandibular plane (SN-MP, 45°), 9 missing teeth, a 3-mm midline discrepancy, and compromised posterior occlusal function. She had multiple carious lesions, a failing fixed prostheses in the mandibular right quadrant replacing the right first molar, and a severely atrophic edentulous ridge in the area around the mandibular left first and second molars. After restoration of the caries, the mandibular left third molar served as anchorage to correct the mandibular arch crowding...
March 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485375/an-extension-study-using-hypnotic-suggestion-as-an-adjunct-to-intravenous-sedation
#16
Edward F Mackey
The effects of hypnosis/therapeutic suggestion in connection with intravenous sedation and surgery have been described in many clinical publications; however, few randomized, controlled, and blind studies have been performed in the outpatient area. The original study published in 2010 aimed to evaluate the use of hypnosis/therapeutic suggestion as an adjunct to intravenous sedation in patients having third molar removal in an outpatient setting. The patients were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group...
April 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483724/-cleaning-efficacy-of-different-solvents-on-sealer-contaminated-dentin-surface
#17
H L Zang, Y Wang, Y H Liang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of an epoxy resin-based sealer on the bond strength of adhesive resins to dentin and the cleaning efficacy of different solvents in removing sealer residues. METHODS: The occlusal enamel of 25 freshly extracted human third molars without caries were removed to expose flat surfaces of dentin. The teeth were randomly divided into five groups according to the treatment received: For negative control group, the dentin surfaces were not contaminated with AH-Plus; For the other 4 experimental groups, the samples were contaminated with AH-Plus for 5 min and different measures were taken: For positive control group, the sealer were wiped with dry cotton pellets; For solvents experimental groups: cotton pellets saturated with 95% (volume fraction) ethanol, 99...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466969/reliability-and-validity-of-measuring-scale-for-postoperative-complications-in-third-molar-surgery
#18
Pedro Christian Aravena, Paula Astudillo, Horacio Miranda, Carlos Manterola
BACKGROUND: Third molar removal surgery is the most frequently performed surgery in the oral and maxillofacial field with a wide range of items in the quantification of postoperative complications. For their measure, in 2014 a previous scale design was presented. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of a scale designed to measure and quantify postoperative complications in third molar surgery (TMS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of a measurement model was designed...
February 21, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461544/-a-phd-completed-bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy-risk-factors-for-complications-and-predictability-of-the-splitter-separator-technique
#19
J P Verweij
Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) is a surgical technique to correct hypoplasia, hyperplasia or asymmetry of the mandible. The risk of complications associated with BSSO with splitter and separators, the so-called splitter-separator technique, and the predictability of this technique were analysed. The average incidence of complications associated with classic BSSO techniques was determined by a review of the literature. With classic techniques, a bad split occurred in 2.3% of the operated sides, removal of osteosynthesis material on account of complaints in 11...
February 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455344/lower-third-molar-displaced-to-lateral-pharyngeal-space-after-mandibular-angle-fracture-a-case-report
#20
Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, Jonathan Ribeiro da Silva, João Paulo Bonardi, Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira
The removal of displaced dental elements from deep anatomical spaces is a condition that requires the knowledge of the region and skills to perform the procedure. The lateral pharyngeal space contains important structures such as the internal carotid artery and close proximity with the cranium basis. The aim of this paper is to report a clinical case of a lower third molar displaced to the lateral pharyngeal space after a mandibular angle fracture and its treatment by surgical intervention. The tooth was removed under general anesthesia by direct approach and the fracture was reduced and fixed with a plate and screws...
February 18, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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