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Midface fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788695/usefulness-of-indirect-open-reduction-via-a-transconjunctival-approach-for-the-treatment-of-nasal-bone-fracture-associated-with-orbital-blowout-fracture
#1
Tae Ho Kim, Seok Joo Kang, Seong Pin Jeon, Ji Young Yun, Hook Sun
Background: Nasal fracture and orbital blowout fracture often occur concurrently in cases of midface blunt trauma. Generally, these multiple fractures treatment is surgery, and typically, the nasal bone and orbit are operated on separately. However, we have found that utilizing a transconjunctival approach in patients with concurrent nasal bone fracture and orbital blowout fracture is a useful method. Methods: The participants in the present study included 33 patients who visited the Plastic Surgery outpatient department between March 2014 and March 2017 and underwent surgery for nasal fracture and orbital blowout fracture...
May 24, 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684308/fracture-healing-and-bone-remodeling-with-human-standard-sized-magnesium-versus-polylactide-co-glycolide-plate-and-screw-systems-using-a-mini-swine-craniomaxillofacial-osteotomy-fixation-model
#2
Benoît Schaller, John Patrik Matthias Burkhard, Madeleine Chagnon, Stefan Beck, Thomas Imwinkelried, Michel Assad
PURPOSE: This study compared the degradation profile, safety, and efficacy of bioresorbable magnesium alloy and polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) polymer osteosynthesis systems for the treatment of fractures in a load-sharing maxillofacial environment using a new mini-swine fracture fixation model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two types of clinically relevant situations were evaluated in 5 Yucatan miniature pigs. Defined porcine midface osteotomies of the supraorbital rim and zygoma were created and fixed with either a coated magnesium (test animals) or PLGA plate and screw osteosynthesis system (control animals)...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673800/blindness-after-facial-trauma-epidemiology-incidence-and-risk-factors-a-27-year-cohort-study-of-5708-patients
#3
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Dimosthenis Igoumenakis, Michalis Mezitis, George Rallis
OBJECTIVES: This was a 27-year study of a cohort of 5708 patients who had sustained maxillofacial fractures. Our purpose was to present the etiology, mechanism of trauma, site, and concomitant injuries that led to visual loss. We hypothesize that fractures caused by high-energy impact of the midface may be associated with blindness. A discussion of the treatment approaches is also included. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 5708 patients who had sustained a maxillofacial fracture during the years 1985-2012...
March 23, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652013/changing-trends-in-maxillofacial-trauma-a-15-years-retrospective-study-in-the-southern-part-of-haryana-india
#4
Ashish Gupta, Aby K Babu, Pankaj Bansal, Rahul Sharma, Sneha D Sharma
Objective: The aim is to analyze the pattern of maxillofacial injuries and treatment outcomes in the past 15 years (2002-2016). Materials and Methods: One thousand eight hundred and fifty patients from two tertiary referral center hospitals were studied retrospectively in which the age, sex, etiology, site of fracture, and treatment modality was recorded. Results: One thousand two hundred and twenty-eight males and 622 females were operated between 2002 and 2016...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609426/panfacial-bone-fracture-cephalic-to-caudal
#5
REVIEW
Seonsik Yun, Youngcheon Na
Theoretically, panfacial bone fractures involve all three areas of the face: frontal bone, midface, and mandible. In practice, when two out of these three areas are involved, the term "panfacial bone fracture" has been applied. We can use physical examination, simple radiologic examination, and computed tomography study for diagnosis. Linear fracture are treated by conservative treatment. But, most of panfacial bone fracture patients need to be treated by open reduction and internal fixation. Facial width is most important thing that we need to care during operation...
March 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526035/trends-and-characteristics-of-maxillofacial-fractures-sustained-during-sports-activities-in-japan
#6
Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Yumiko Matsusue, Satoshi Horita, Kazuhiro Murakami, Tsutomu Sugiura, Tadaaki Kirita
BACKGROUND/AIM: Sports activity increases the risk of maxillofacial fractures. The aim of this study was to analyze trends and characteristics of maxillofacial fractures sustained during sports activity to develop more effective treatments and possibly to prevent injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 248 patients with maxillofacial fractures sustained during sports activity were retrospectively analyzed based on their clinical records and radiographs. RESULTS: The patients were 226 males (91...
March 11, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395448/buccal-fat-pad-and-subperiosteal-midface-lifts-in-conjunction-with-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-to-treat-fractures-of-the-zygomaticomaxillary-complex
#7
G B Bottini, N Berridge, A Messiha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381628/quality-of-postoperative-pain-management-after-maxillofacial-fracture-repair
#8
Andre Peisker, Winfried Meissner, Gregor F Raschke, Mina D Fahmy, Arndt Guentsch, Juliane Schiller, Stefan Schultze-Mosgau
BACKGROUND: Effective pain management is an essential component in the perioperative care of surgical patients. However, postoperative pain after maxillofacial fracture repair and its optimal therapy has not been described in detail. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 95 adults rated their pain on the first postoperative day after maxillofacial fracture repair using the questionnaire of the Quality Improvement in Postoperative Pain Management (QUIPS) project...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330599/infraorbital-foramen-localization-in-orbitozygomatic-fractures-a-ct-study-with-intraoperative-finding
#9
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmed Hassan Sweed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the infraorbital foramen (IOF) using CT in patients with Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures (midface fracture). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out on 49 patients had ZMC fractures (98 sides) and 27 patients (54 sides) with craniomaxillofacial fractures rather than fractured ZMC as a control. Using CT, position of IOF was documented on 3D view in relation to inferior orbital rim, tooth root relation and finally with a novel imaginary line passing between anterior nasal spine and whitnall tubercle...
March 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319569/comparing-head-and-facial-computed-tomographic-imaging-in-identifying-operative-facial-fractures
#10
Joseph A Ricci, Bao Ngoc N Tran, Qing Z Ruan, Samuel J Lin, Dhruv Singhal, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients who present for a trauma workup often have a head computed tomography (CT) performed to identify intracranial pathology. Facial fractures are routinely identified in these patients, and further imaging is the norm with dedicated facial CT scans. Additional imaging increases radiation doses; however, it is unclear if additional operative fractures are identified. The aim of this study was to examine differences between these 2 CT imaging modalities. METHODS: A retrospective review of all operative facial trauma patients receiving both head and facial scans at a single institution was performed (1999-2012)...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238415/facial-and-orbital-fractures-a-fifteen-years-retrospective-evaluation-of-north-east-sicily-treated-patients
#11
Michele Runci, Francesco Saverio De Ponte, Roberto Falzea, Ennio Bramanti, Floriana Lauritano, Gabriele Cervino, Fausto Famà, Alessandro Calvo, Salvatore Crimi, Silvia Rapisarda, Marco Cicciù
Background: Orbital fractures are classified as diseases usually related to common midface trauma. It represents the most challenging treatment due to the complex anatomy, physiology, and aesthetic role. A midface trauma involves also the zygomatic complex and the nose, however the orbit fracture seems to be a more frequent disease due to its anatomical features. Objective: The purpose of this work is to retrospectively evaluate and record the frequency of the midfacial traumas and orbital fractures observed in the North Eastern Sicily...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195235/complications-of-midface-fractures
#12
Kirkland Lozada, Sameep Kadakia, Manoj T Abraham, Yadranko Ducic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167721/clinical-and-radiographic-features-of-pycnodysostosis-a-case-report
#13
Cleomar Rodrigues, Fernando-Antônio Gomes, José-Alcides Arruda, Luciano Silva, Pâmella Álvares, Priscila da Fonte, Ana-Paula Sobral, Marcia Silveira
Pycnodysostosis is a rare disorder that was first described in 1962; however, it was only in 1996 that the defective gene was discovered, which led to a better understanding of this disease. This study reports and discuss a case of pycnodysostosis. In addition, a search of articles published in PubMed-Medline was performed. The case was a 13-year-old girl who was referred to a private clinic for dental treatment. Clinical examination showed midface hypoplasia, prominent cheeks, a high nasal bridge, beaked nose, spoon-shaped fingers, frontal bossing, open fontanelles and dental alterations, findings compatible with pycnodysostosis...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154774/recommendations-for-care-of-geriatric-maxillofacial-trauma-patients-following-a-retrospective-10-year-multicenter-review
#14
Robert Shumate, Jason Portnof, Melissa Amundson, Eric Dierks, Robert Batdorf, Patrick Hardigan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze maxillofacial trauma sustained by patients at least 75 years old. With the injury patterns identified, treatment recommendations for the contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgeon are made. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective case series using data from 2 level 1 trauma centers. The variables of interest included age at traumatic event, gender, mechanism of trauma, concomitant injuries, radiographic studies performed, management of maxillofacial injuries, and disposition...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913283/reduction-of-zygomatic-arch-isolated-fracture-using-ultra-sound-and-needle-marking
#15
Jun Sik Kim, Young Ji Park, Yoon Jung Lee, Nam Gyun Kim, Kyung Suk Lee
BACKGROUND: Zygomatic arch is a bony arch constituting the lateral midface, which consists of 25% of all midface fractures. There are a number of ways to evaluate the extent of zygomatic arch fracture. Some authors have reported successful treatment outcomes using ultrasound (U/S). To add to the previous methods, we have considered ways to accurately display the location of the fracture line while using U/S with 23 gauge needle marking. We introduce our method, which provided satisfactory results for reduction using a portable U/S, and it can evaluate the fracture line simultaneously when reduction of an isolated zygomatic arch fracture is necessary, and needle marking, which can easily point out the fracture line on U/S...
December 2016: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868910/-orbital-compartment-syndrome-the-most-frequent-cause-of-blindness-following-facial-trauma
#16
Gusztáv Klenk, József Katona, Gábor Kenderfi, János Lestyán, Katalin Gombos, Andor Hirschberg
INTRODUCTION: Although orbital compartment syndrome is a rare condition, it is still the most common cause of blindness following simple or complicated facial fractures. Its pathomechanism is similar to the compartment syndrome in the limb. Little extra fluid (blood, oedema, brain, foreign body) in a non-space yielding space results with increasingly higher pressures within a short period of time. Unless urgent surgical intervention is performed the blocked circulation of the central retinal artery will result irreversible ophthalmic nerve damage and blindness...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843005/reconstruction-of-midface-defects-with-the-osteocutaneous-radial-forearm-flap-evaluation-of-long-term-outcomes-including-patient-reported-quality-of-life
#17
Timothy M Connolly, Larissa Sweeny, Benjamin Greene, Anthony Morlandt, William R Carroll, Eben L Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Maxillectomy defects significantly impair quality of life. Prosthetics can overcome some of these issues, but has limitations. The role of the osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap (OC-RFFF) has been established for reconstruction of smaller maxillectomy defects, but its role in larger defects is not well defined. We aim to evaluate outcomes after midface reconstruction utilizing the OC-RFFF. METHODS: Retrospective review of prospective database collected between 2005 and 2014 of midface reconstruction using OC-RFFF in a tertiary care centre...
October 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771243/b3gat3-related-disorder-with-craniosynostosis-and-bone-fragility-due-to-a-unique-mutation
#18
Kevin Yauy, Frederic Tran Mau-Them, Marjolaine Willems, Christine Coubes, Patricia Blanchet, Christian Herlin, Ikram Taleb Arrada, Elodie Sanchez, Jean-Michel Faure, Marie-Pascale Le Gac, Olivier Prodhomme, Anne Boland, Vincent Meyer, Jean-Baptiste Rivière, Yannis Duffourd, Jean-François Deleuze, Thomas Guignard, Guillaume Captier, Mouna Barat-Houari, David Genevieve
PurposeBased on prenatal suspicion of the combination of radioulnar or radiohumeral synostosis and a peculiar shape of the skull suggestive of craniosynostosis, we report on six patients from four unrelated consanguineous families in whom Antley-Bixler syndrome was suspected during the prenatal period without mutation in genes known to be associated with the syndrome.MethodsMolecular diagnosis involved whole-exome and gene-panel sequencing. RESULTS: All sequenced patients showed a unique homozygous mutation of c...
February 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690732/maxillofacial-fractures-in-a-budding-teaching-hospital-a-study-of-pattern-of-presentation-and-care
#19
Obitade Sunday Obimakinde, Kolawole Olubunmi Ogundipe, Taopheeq Bamidele Rabiu, Victoria Nwebuni Okoje
INTRODUCTION: Previous reports indicated that there is geographic and sociodemographic variation in the epidemiology of maxillofacial fractures. Audit of maxillofacial injuries managed at any institution is therefore necessary to understand the trends and proffer strategies for prevention. We therefore embarked on this study to determine the pattern of maxillofacial fractures and concomitant injuries in our institution. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of information on demography, aetiology and type of maxillofacial fracture, patients' status, type of crash, level of consciousness and concomitant injuries...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649703/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-facial-injury-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Nurliza Abdul Razak, Rifqah Nordin, Normastura Abd Rahman, Roszalina Ramli
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The association between facial injury characteristics and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the association between facial injury characteristics and mTBI. METHODS: A retrospective review utilizing patients' medical records at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, was performed. Records of subjects with a history of facial trauma from 1 April 2012 to 31 December 2012 were selected...
June 26, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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