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natural killer cell lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623913/aggressive-natural-killer-cell-leukemia-or-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-a-case-with-nasal-involvement
#1
Xiaoke Jin, Youhai Xu, Jun Zhang, Guangxi Li, Dongping Huang, Yuqiong Yang, Hesheng He
BACKGROUND: Aggressive natural killer cell leukemia/lymphoma (ANKL) is a rare and highly aggressive NK cell neoplasm with a short clinical course and poor prognosis and is often misdiagnosed and confused with NK/T cell lymphoma (NKTL), which has a very different prognosis. Here, we present a case with nasal and bone marrow involvement, provide a literature review and make a differential diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old male presented nasal congestion pharyngalgia, palatal perforation, high fever and multiorgan dysfunction...
June 17, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600336/diagnosis-and-classification-of-hematologic-malignancies-on-the-basis-of-genetics
#2
Justin Taylor, Wenbin Xiao, Omar Abdel-Wahab
Genomic analysis has greatly influenced the diagnosis and clinical management of patients affected by diverse forms of hematologic malignancies. Here we review how genetic alterations define subclasses of patients with acute leukemias, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), non-Hodgkin lymphomas and classical Hodgkin lymphoma. These include new subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia defined by mutations in RUNX1 or BCR-ABL1 translocations as well as a constellation of somatic structural DNA alterations in acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
June 9, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596480/tumor-necrosis-and-complete-resection-has-significant-impacts-on-survival-in-patients-with-limited-stage-upper-aerodigestive-tract-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#3
Moo-Kon Song, Joo-Seop Chung, Ho-Young Yhim, Sung-Nam Lim, Seong-Jang Kim, Yeon-Hee Han, Hye-Kyung Shim, Sung-Hoon Jung, Je-Jung Lee, Deok-Hwan Yang
Tumor necrosis (TN) is associated with worse prognosis in several solid cancers. Whether TN predicts poor outcome in natural killer cell / T cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is unclear. We investigated the clinical impact of TN on survival and other novel prognostic parameters in upper aero-digestive tract (UAT) NKTCL of 100 patients with limited stage. TN was significantly associated with poor performance status (p = 0.049), high Korean Prognostic Index score (p = 0.024), high C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (p = 0...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592786/epstein-barr-virus-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorders-review-and-update-on-2016-who-classification
#4
Hyun-Jung Kim, Young Hyeh Ko, Ji Eun Kim, Seung-Sook Lee, Hyekyung Lee, Gyeongsin Park, Jin Ho Paik, Hee Jeong Cha, Yoo-Duk Choi, Jae Ho Han, Jooryung Huh
Epstein-Barr virus (human herpesvirus-4) is very common virus that can be detected in more than 95% of the human population. Most people are asymptomatic and live their entire lives in a chronically infected state (IgG positive). However, in some populations, the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been involved in the occurrence of a wide range of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs), including Burkitt lymphoma, classic Hodgkin's lymphoma, and immune-deficiency associated LPDs (post-transplant and human immunodeficiency virus-associated LPDs)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591700/restoration-of-immune-surface-molecules-in-kaposi-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus-infected-cells-by-lenalidomide-and-pomalidomide
#5
David A Davis, Suraj Mishra, Holda A Anagho, Ashley I Aisabor, Prabha Shrestha, Victoria Wang, Yuki Takamatsu, Kenji Maeda, Hiroaki Mitsuya, Jerome B Zeldis, Robert Yarchoan
Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the cause of several tumors, including Kaposi sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). Most viruses have evolved means of escaping immune recognition. KSHV downregulates MHC-I expression during lytic infection, and expression of ICAM-1 and B7-2 (CD86) during latent infection, allowing evasion of T cell and natural killer immunity respectively. These effects are largely mediated by two KSHV-encoded proteins, K3 and K5. We show here that lenalidomide (Len) and pomalidomide (Pom) prevent down-regulation of MHC-I during lytic activation, and restore ICAM-1 and B7-2 surface expression in latently infected PEL cells...
May 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583838/mimicking-gastric-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma
#6
Satoshi Ogawa, Yukihiro Imai, Tetsuro Inokuma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579857/toward-a-biology-driven-treatment-strategy-for-peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma
#7
Cat Hildyard, S Shiekh, Jab Browning, G P Collins
T-cell and natural killer-cell lymphomas are a relatively rare and heterogeneous group of diseases that are difficult to treat and usually have poor outcomes. To date, therapeutic interventions are of limited efficacy and there is a pressing need to find better treatments. In recent years, advances in molecular biology have helped to elucidate the underlying genetic complexity of this group of diseases and to identify mutations and signaling pathways involved in lymphomagenesis. In this review, we highlight the unique biological characteristics of some of the different subtypes and discuss how these may be targeted to provide more individualized and effective treatment approaches...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Blood Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549432/dendritic-cells-combined-with-tumor-cells-and-%C3%AE-galactosylceramide-induce-a-potent-therapeutic-and-nk-cell-dependent-antitumor-immunity-in-b-cell-lymphoma
#8
Laura Escribà-Garcia, Carmen Alvarez-Fernández, Marta Tellez-Gabriel, Jorge Sierra, Javier Briones
BACKGROUND: Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are a small population of lymphocytes with unique specificity for glycolipid antigens presented by non-polymorphic CD1d receptor on dendritic cells (DCs). iNKT cells play a central role in tumor immunology since they are implicated in the coordination of innate and adaptive immune responses. These cells can be activated with the prototypic lipid α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer), stimulating interferon gamma (IFN-γ) production and cytokine secretion, which contribute to the enhancement of T cell activation...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548121/ebv-negative-aggressive-nk-cell-leukemia-lymphoma-a-clinical-and-pathological-study-from-a-single-institution
#9
Juehua Gao, Amir Behdad, Peng Ji, Kristy L Wolniak, Olga Frankfurt, Yi-Hua Chen
Aggressive natural killer (NK)-cell leukemia/lymphoma is a systemic NK-cell neoplasm that preferentially affects Asians with a fulminant clinical course and is almost always associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The data on EBV-negative aggressive NK-cell leukemia/lymphoma are limited. Here we report a series of three patients (two Caucasians, one African-American) with EBV-negative aggressive NK-cell leukemia/lymphoma from a single institution, including a case diagnosed on post-mortem examination. Similar to EBV-positive aggressive NK-cell leukemia/lymphoma, our patients presented with constitutional symptoms and hepatosplenomegaly, and followed a highly aggressive clinical course...
May 26, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529616/lymphocyte-monocyte-ratio-is-a-novel-predictor-for-early-stage-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type
#10
Qiao-Xuan Wang, Shao-Hua Li, Bao-Yan Ji, Han-Yu Wang, Yi-Yang Li, Ling-Ling Feng, Kai Chen, Yun-Fei Xia, Yu-Jing Zhang
Objective: Great heterogeneity exists in clinical behavior and survival outcome in patients with stage IE/IIE extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL). In this study, we proposed lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) as a new prognostic factor for these early stage ENKTL. Methods: We retrospectively examined the LMR as a prognostic variable in a cohort of 379 patients with newly diagnosed stage IE/IIE ENKTL. The relationship between the LMR and clinicopathologic variables were analyzed in Kaplan-Meier log-rank survival analysis, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine the survival significance of the LMR for both progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS)...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511419/nasal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-presenting-with-perforation-of-palate-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Shreyas N Shah, Priyank R Mistry, Girish R Chauhan, Vishal Chauhan, Jayshankar Pillai
Nasal Natural Killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma, commonly mentioned in the literature as Lethal Midline Granuloma (LMG) is an unusual pathology of the oro-maxillo-facial region characterized by aggressive and progressive destruction of the face, nose, palate and pharynx. This disease is now classified as a T-cell lymphoma based on modern cytogenetics, immunologic and molecular studies. However, it is mentioned in various literatures by various names. Here, we present one such clinically diagnosed, histopathologically and immunologically confirmed case of LMG, designated as NK/T cell lymphoma in a 56-year-old male...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495792/cd70-reverse-signaling-enhances-nk-cell-function-and-immunosurveillance-in-cd27-expressing-b-cell-malignancies
#12
Mohamad F Al Sayed, Carla A Ruckstuhl, Tamara Hilmenyuk, Christina Claus, Jean-Pierre Bourquin, Beat C Bornhauser, Ramin Radpour, Carsten Riether, Adrian F Ochsenbein
The interaction of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) CD27 with its ligand CD70 is an emerging target to treat cancer. CD27 signaling provides costimulatory signals to cytotoxic T cells but also increases the frequency of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Similar to other TNFR-ligands, CD70 has been shown to initiate intracellular signaling pathways (CD70 reverse signaling). CD27 is expressed on a majority of B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), but its role in the immune control of lymphoma and leukemia is unknown...
May 11, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489771/chronic-active-epstein-barr-virus-infection-associated-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome-and-extra-nodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-in-an-18-year-old-girl-a-case-report
#13
Yawei Xing, Junwen Yang, Guanghui Lian, Shuijiao Chen, Linlin Chen, Fujun Li
RATIONALE: Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) associated with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) and extra-nodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKL) is a rare life-threatening disorder. This disease is easily misdiagnosed because of its varied presentations. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 18-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital with a history of edema in the lower limbs and intermittent fever lasting for more than 1 month. At admission, she had severe liver injury of unknown etiology...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486951/cd30-expression-in-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type-among-622-cases-of-mature-t-cell-and-natural-killer-cell-lymphoma-at-a-single-institution-in-south-china
#14
Yanfen Feng, Huilan Rao, Yiyan Lei, Yuhua Huang, Fang Wang, Yu Zhang, Shaoyan Xi, Qiuliang Wu, Jianyong Shao
BACKGROUND: Mature T-cell and natural killer (NK)-cell lymphomas compose a heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas, and extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) is an aggressive subtype with sporadic CD30 expression. However, the significance of CD30 expression in ENKTL is controversial. We aimed to classify a large cohort of patients with mature T-cell and NK-cell lymphomas according to the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification guidelines and to study the association between CD30 expression and prognosis of patients with ENKTL...
May 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485156/the-effects-of-lentivirus-mediated-shrna-interference-targeting-mcl-1-on-growth-of-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#15
X Zhang, C Shi, G Yue, H Guo, X Fu, X Li, L Li, X Wang, Z Li, Y Chang, M Zhang, Q Chen
Myeloid leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) gene has been reported as an important factor in various types of cancer, but little research was processed on natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, a kind of a highly aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Here we investigated the expression of Mcl-1 in seven lymphoma cell lines and its potential role as a molecular drug target for NK/T-cell lymphoma therapy by using lentivirus-mediated shRNA interference targeting Mcl-1 (lenti-shMcl-1). In our study, the expression of Mcl-1 in different lymphoma cell lines were evaluated firstly, after that lenti-shMcl-1 was constructed and transduced into NK/T-cell lymphoma cell line SNK-6 which had a high level expression of Mcl-1...
May 9, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475009/prognostic-impact-of-absolute-lymphocyte-count-absolute-monocyte-count-ratio-and-prognostic-score-in-patients-with-nasal-type-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma
#16
Na Li, Li Zhang, Hao-Lan Song, Jing Zhang, Hua-Wei Weng, Li-Qun Zou
Nasal-type, extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma is a heterogeneous disorder with poor prognosis, requiring risk stratification in this population. The combined value of baseline absolute lymphocyte count and absolute monocyte count provided prognostic information in some malignancies. However, the evidence requires validation in extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma. Aiming to investigate the prognostic significance of absolute lymphocyte count/absolute monocyte count ratio and absolute lymphocyte count/absolute monocyte count prognostic score for extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, a retrospective research was carried out...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474639/primary-cutaneous-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-bilateral-erythematous-patches-on-the-arms
#17
Ik Jun Moon, Hyun Ji Kang, Mi Woo Lee, Woo Jin Lee
Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma is a rare, Epstein-Barr virus-associated type of cytotoxic lymphoma thatpresents mainly in the nasal cavity and its vicinity. Very few cases of primary cutaneous extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma have been reported till date. All the previously reported cases of primary cutaneous extranodalnatural killer/T-cell lymphoma presented as lesions resembling cellulitis, subcutaneous nodules or ulcers. We report a rare case which presented as erythematous and purpuric round patches on the arms and was finally diagnosed as primary cutaneous extranodalnatural killer/T-cell lymphoma, following a skin biopsy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468592/whole-transcriptome-analysis-reveals-dysregulated-oncogenic-lncrnas-in-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-and-establishes-mir155hg-as-a-target-of-prdm1
#18
Esra Baytak, Qiang Gong, Burcu Akman, Hongling Yuan, Wing C Chan, Can Küçük
Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma is a rare but aggressive neoplasm with poor prognosis. Despite previous reports that showed potential tumor suppressors, such as PRDM1 or oncogenes associated with the etiology of this malignancy, the role of long non-coding RNAs in natural killer/T-cell lymphoma pathobiology has not been addressed to date. Here, we aim to identify cancer-associated dysregulated long non-coding RNAs and signaling pathways or biological processes associated with these long non-coding RNAs in natural killer/T-cell lymphoma cases and to identify the long non-coding RNAs transcriptionally regulated by PRDM1...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454236/prognostic-significance-of-cd30-expression-in-nasal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma
#19
Guan-Nan Wang, Wu-Gan Zhao, Ling Li, Dan-Dan Zhang, Xian-Zheng Gao, Jun Zhou, Lei Zhang, Xiao-Rui Fu, Xiang-Yu Zheng, Ye Li, Zhen Li, Ming-Zhi Zhang, Wen-Cai Li
The present study aimed to investigate the expression of tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 8 (CD30) in extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) using immunohistochemistry, and to evaluate the association between CD30 and clinicopathological and prognostic significance. CD30 expression was detected using immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded sections obtained from 122 patients with ENKTL prior to treatment. In total, 70 of these patients with complete clinical data were collected for prognostic analysis...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449713/dosimetric-comparison-of-helical-tomotherapy-vmat-fixed-field-imrt-and-3d-conformal-radiotherapy-for-stage-i-ii-nasal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma
#20
Xianfeng Liu, Erliang Huang, Ying Wang, Yanan He, Huanli Luo, Mingsong Zhong, Da Qiu, Chao Li, Han Yang, Guanglei He, Juan Zhou, Fu Jin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare radiotherapy plans for Stage I-II nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NNKTL) using helical tomotherapy (HT), volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT), Fixed-Field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). METHODS: Eight patents with Stage I-II NNKTL treated with IMRT were re-planned for HT, VMAT (two full arcs), and 3D-CRT. The quality of target coverage, the exposure of normal tissue and the efficiency of radiation delivery were analyzed...
April 27, 2017: Radiation Oncology
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