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natural killer cell lymphoma

Janet Ayello, Jessica Hochberg, Allyson Flower, Yaya Chu, Laxmi V Baxi, William Quish, Carmella van de Ven, Mitchell S Cairo
NK cells play a significant role in reducing relapse in patients with hematological malignancies following allogeneic stem cell transplantation but NK cell number and naturally occurring inhibitory signals limit their capability. IL-15 and 4-1BBL are important modulators of NK expansion and functional activation. With an aim to overcome these limitations, cord blood (CB) mononuclear cells (MNC) were ex-vivo expanded (EvE) for 7 days with genetically modified K562-mbIL15-41BBL (MODK562) or wildtype K562 (WTK562)...
October 17, 2016: Experimental Hematology
Sreya Bagchi, Sha Li, Chyung-Ru Wang
Adoptive immunotherapy for cancer treatment is an emerging field of study. Till now, several tumor-derived, peptide-specific T cell responses have been harnessed for treating cancers. However, the contribution of lipid-specific T cells in tumor immunity has been understudied. CD1 molecules, which present self- and foreign lipid antigens to T cells, are divided into group 1 (CD1a, CD1b, and CD1c) and group 2 (CD1d). Although the role of CD1d-restricted natural killer T cells (NKT) in several tumor models has been well established, the contribution of group 1 CD1-restricted T cells in tumor immunity remains obscure due to the lack of group 1 CD1 expression in mice...
2016: Oncoimmunology
Charles Vainder, Jonhan Ho, Steven H Swerdlow, Oleg E Akilov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: JAAD Case Reports
Ting-Hua Yang, Chung-Hong Hu, Hsiou-Hsin Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis that may be associated with systemic diseases. The association of PG with lymphoid malignancies has rarely been reported. Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a rare but aggressive entity with a poor prognosis. Here, we report the case of a patient who had idiopathic PG refractory to systemic steroids and subsequently developed ENKTL. CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old man presented with a 2-month history of intermittent fever and multifocal painful papules, plaques, and ulcerations on his extremities...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kuan-Yin Ko, Chia-Ju Liu, Chi-Lun Ko, Ruoh-Fang Yen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the textural features of pretreatment F-FDG PET images can predict prognosis for nasal type extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the pretreatment F-FDG PET images of the patients with newly diagnosed nasal type ENKTL from 2008 to 2013 was conducted. Progression-free survival (PFS) was the main outcome measure. The primary tumor was identified and then delineated using the 40% maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) thresholding method...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Juan C Jiménez-Pérez, Michael K Yoon
Natural killer T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is a rare and aggressive condition with a high mortality rate. It is most commonly seen in the nasal sinuses, generally affecting the orbit by direct extension. Primary orbital NKTCL is even more rare, with only a few published cases with occasional secondary nasal involvement. This malignancy can present as a "masquerade syndrome," delaying proper diagnosis and treatment. Biopsy is required for diagnosis, which shows specific histopathological characteristics. Radiation and chemotherapy are the mainstay of treatment...
October 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Xi-Wen Bi, Hua Wang, Wen-Wen Zhang, Jing-Hua Wang, Wen-Jian Liu, Zhong-Jun Xia, Hui-Qiang Huang, Wen-Qi Jiang, Yu-Jing Zhang, Liang Wang
BACKGROUND: Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated, highly aggressive lymphoma. Treatment outcome remains sub-optimal, especially for advanced-stage or relapsed diseases. Programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) and PD ligand 1 (PD-L1) have become promising therapeutic targets for various malignancies, but their role in the pathogenesis and their interactions with EBV in NKTCL remains to be investigated. METHODS: Expression of PD-L1 was measured in NK-92 (EBV-negative) and SNK-6 (EBV-positive) cells by western blot, quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and flow cytometry, respectively...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Shotaro Ando, Jun-Ichi Kawada, Takahiro Watanabe, Michio Suzuki, Yoshitaka Sato, Yuka Torii, Masato Asai, Fumi Goshima, Takayuki Murata, Norio Shimizu, Yoshinori Ito, Hiroshi Kimura
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects not only B cells, but also T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, and is associated with T or NK cell lymphoma. These lymphoid malignancies are refractory to conventional chemotherapy. We examined the activation of the JAK3/STAT5 pathway in EBV-positive and -negative B, T and NK cell lines and in cell samples from patients with EBV-associated T cell lymphoma. We then evaluated the antitumor effects of the selective JAK3 inhibitor, tofacitinib, against these cell lines in vitro and in a murine xenograft model...
October 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Parameswaran Hari, Renju V Raj, Horatiu Olteanu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Seungkyu Choi, Jai Hyang Go, Eun Kyung Kim, Hojung Lee, Won Mi Lee, Chun-Sung Cho, Kyudong Han
Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (NKTCL), is a malignant disorder of cytotoxic lymphocytes of NK or T cells. It is an aggressive neoplasm with a very poor prognosis. Although extranodal NKTCL reportedly has a strong association with Epstein-Barr virus, the molecular pathogenesis of NKTCL has been unexplored. The recent technological advancements in next-generation sequencing (NGS) have made DNA sequencing cost- and time-effective, with more reliable results. Using the Ion Proton Comprehensive Cancer Panel, we sequenced 409 cancer-related genes to identify somatic mutations in five NKTCL tissue samples...
September 2016: Genomics & Informatics
Rong Liang, Guang-Xun Gao, Jie-Ping Chen, Ji-Shi Wang, Xiao-Min Wang, Yun Zeng, Qing-Xian Bai, Tao Zhang, Lan Yang, Bao-Xia Dong, Hong-Tao Gu, Mi-Mi Shu, Cai-Xia Hao, Jian-Hong Wang, Na Zhang, Xie-Qun Chen
The nasal type of extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma is a rare aggressive lymphoma with poor prognosis. To discover a successful treatment, we investigated the efficacy and safety of chemotherapy with methotrexate, etoposide, dexamethasone, and polyethylene glycol-asparaginase (MESA). Three cycles of MESA were administered to 46 patients with new or relapsed/refractory natural killer/T-cell lymphoma. Complete response after 3 treatment cycles was 43.5%, the overall response rate was 87%, and 2-year overall survival was 83...
October 10, 2016: Hematological Oncology
J Ji, B Xiang, Z G Liu, Y Q Jia, H L Zhu, T Niu, L Pan, H Chang, J Huang, Y Wu, J J Li, C He, H B Ma, Y Tang, T Dong, T Liu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of gemcitabine, asparaginase , ifosfamide, dexamethasone and etoposide (GLIDE) combination for patients with newly diagnosed advanced-stage or relapsed/refractory extranodal natural killer cell lymphoma (ENKL). Methods: Fourty-two newly diagnosed advanced-stage or relapsed/refractory ENKL were enrolled from March 2010 to March 2016. Patients were treated with GLIDE for median 3 (2-6) cycles. Complete response (CR) rate, early CR (after 2 cycles) rate were evaluated after all treatment finished...
September 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Yuki Komabayashi, Kan Kishibe, Toshihiro Nagato, Seigo Ueda, Miki Takahara, Yasuaki Harabuchi
Nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NNKTL) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated malignancy and is characterized by local invasion and widespread dissemination, with a consequent poor prognosis. Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) play roles in the pathogenesis of several malignancies by regulating gene expression and have been recently identified as stable entities in serum. Here, we investigated the value of circulating EBV-miRNAs as biomarkers for NNKTL. Sera of patients with NNKTL were subjected to miRNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-array analysis, after which serum EBV-miRNA levels were verified using quantitative PCR...
October 6, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Jae-Cheol Jo, Misung Kim, Yunsuk Choi, Hyun-Jung Kim, Ji Eun Kim, Seoung Wan Chae, Hawk Kim, Hee Jeong Cha
Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) are new therapeutic targets in cancer immunotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of PD-1 and PD-L1 expression in extranodal natural killer/T‑cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL). We performed PD-1 and PD-L1 immunostaining in 79 ENKTL biopsy samples and retrospectively analyzed medical records of all 79 patients from four tertiary referral hospitals. The expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 by tumor cells and/or infiltrating immune cells was evaluated...
October 3, 2016: Annals of Hematology
Anil Gungor, Lindsey Pennington, Senthil Sankararaman, Samer Zaid-Kaylani, Majed Aldin Jeroudi
Nasal type extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a rare lymphoma in the USA and Europe but endemic in East Asia and in areas of South and Central America. Clinically natural killer cell lymphomas are divided into three categories; nasal, non-nasal and aggressive lymphoma/leukemia subtypes. ENKTL, nasal type occurs in the nose and can extend to the upper aero-digestive tract as reported in this longitudinal case study. This is a longitudinal report of progress of a 14-year-old boy with ENKTL originating in the nasal cavity with subsequent extension and recurrence in the contralateral nose, nasopharynx, larynx and trachea presenting with varying degrees of respiratory problems and eventually, respiratory distress...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Akiko Kanzaki, Yoko Funasaka, Munenaga Nakamizo, Ayaka Shima, Takeshi Ryotokuji, Kazuo Dan, Mika Terasaki, Yuichi Sugisaki, Yu Fukuda, Seiji Kawana, Hidehisa Saeki
Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENK/TCL) is most often in the nose or the nasopharynx but can present elsewhere. We report a rare case of ENK/TCL that presented as swelling of an upper eyelid without ocular involvement. A 76-year-old man visited our hospital with a swollen lesion of the left upper eyelid which had appeared 2 months earlier. A biopsy of the upper eyelid revealed slight perivascular and periadnexal infiltration of mononuclear cells with dermal edema. Treatment with oral prednisolone at a dosage of 20 mg/day decreased the eyelid swelling...
2016: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
J Vargo, G K Balasubramani, S Beriwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Da-Hui Li, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Chao Du, Wen-Hao Zhang, Jun Chang, Yu-Jie Ma, Zhi-Chao Li, Si-Guo Hao, Hao Ding, Rong Tao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Kristina Berg Lorvik, Clara Hammarstrom, Marte Fauskanger, Ole Audun Werner Haabeth, Michael Zangani, Guttorm Haraldsen, Bjarne Bogen, Alexandre Corthay
Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) trials to date have focused on transfer of autologous tumor-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T cells, however, the potential of CD4+ T helper (Th) cells for ACT is gaining interest. While encouraging results have been reported with interferon-γ (IFNγ)-producing Th1 cells, tumor-specific Th2 cells have been largely neglected for ACT due to their reported tumor-promoting properties. In this study, we tested the efficacy of idiotype-specific Th2 cells for the treatment of mice with Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class II-negative myeloma...
September 12, 2016: Cancer Research
Lingyun Geng, Xinyu Li, Xiangxiang Zhou, Xiaosheng Fang, Dai Yuan, Xin Wang
Nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (nasal NKTCL) is an aggressive hematological neoplasm with poor prognosis, and its incidence is higher in Asia than in Western countries. Increasing evidence suggests that aberrant activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) is related to numerous malignancies. However, the involvement of STAT3 in the pathogenesis of nasal NKTCL is poorly understood. In this study, immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed that 21/28 (75.0%) nasal NKTCL tissues harbored constitutively expression of phospho‑STAT3 (p‑STAT3) which was positively correlated with the Ki‑67 levels (P﹤0...
September 15, 2016: Oncology Reports
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