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Elham Ashrafi

Fatemeh Nikmard, Elham Hosseini, Mehrdad Bakhtiyari, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Fardin Amidi, Reza Aflatoonian
The purpose of oocyte in vitro maturation is generation of mature oocytes that could support future development. Efforts have been made to enhance oocyte developmental competence by developing optimal culture conditions. The present study is conducted to determine melatonin effects on quality of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) oocytes when it has been added during in vitro maturation, and immature oocytes were cultured in defined conditioned medium with and without different melatonin concentrations. Melatonin could significantly improve nuclear maturation of PCOS oocytes (81...
August 17, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Seyed Farzad Mohammadi, Mohammad Aghazade Amiri, Homa Naderifar, Elham Rakhshi, Banafsheh Vakilian, Elham Ashrafi, Amir-Houshang Behesht-Nejad
INTRODUCTION: Visual skills are one of the main pillars of intangible faculties of athletes that can influence their performance. Great number of vision tests used to assess the visual skills and it will be irrational to perform all vision tests for every sport. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this protocol article is to present a relatively comprehensive battery of tests and assessments on static and dynamic aspects of sight which seems relevant to sports vision and introduce the most useful ones for archery...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Elham Hosseini, Fereshteh Mehraein, Maryam Shahhoseini, Leili Karimian, Fatemeh Nikmard, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Parvaneh Afsharian, Reza Aflatoonian
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the epigenetic mechanisms responsible for the aberrant aromatase expression (CYP19A1) in Cumulus Cells (CCs) of infertile endometriosis patients. METHOD: Cumulus cells were obtained from 24 infertile patients with and without endometriosis who underwent ovarian stimulation for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Expression of CYP19A1 gene was quantified using Reverse Transcription Q-PCR. DNA methylation, histone modifications, and binding of Estrogen Receptor, ERβ to regulatory DNA sequences of CYP19A1 gene were evaluated by Chromatin ImmunoPrecipitation (ChIP) assay...
August 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Elham Hatef, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Cyrus Alinia, Elham Ashrafi, S-Mehrdad Mohammadi, Alireza Lashay, Ali Sadeghi-Tari
PURPOSE: The disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost due to eye diseases and trends in DALYs in Iran has not been previously reported. The object of this study is to report the burden of eye diseases in Iran and to compare changes from 1990 to 2010 based on age and gender. METHODS: Data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) are used to report DALYs for cataract, refraction/accommodation (functional) disorders, macular degeneration, and glaucoma...
January 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Payam Nabovati, Ali Mirzajani, Elham Ashrafi, Banafsheh Vakilian
AIM: To determine risk factors of regression and undercorrection following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in myopia or myopic astigmatism. METHODS: A case-control study was designed in which eyes with an indication for re-treatment (RT) were defined as cases; primary criteria for RT indication, as assessed at least 9mo postoperatively, included an uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) of 20/30 or worse and a stable refraction for more than 3mo. Additional considerations included optical quality symptoms and significant higher order aberrations (HOAs)...
2015: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Nasser Kaviani, Sanaz Ashrafi, Seyed Ebrahim Jabbarifar, Elham Ghaffari
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Some children do not show an appropriate cooperation with their dentist. A number of them cannot be managed by local anesthesia and the usual techniques used to control behaviors, so further steps are required to control their pain and anxiety. Pharmaceutical control is recommended through sedation or general anesthesia. PURPOSE: This study was aimed to evaluate two groups of drugs in intravenous sedation method. MATERIALS AND METHOD: In this clinical trial intervention study, patients were randomly divided into two groups of 18 and 20 and each group received either intravenous midazolam-ketamine or midazolam-fentanyl...
March 2015: Journal of Dentistry
Elham Ashrafi, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Akbar Fotouhi, Alireza Lashay, Mohsen Asadi-lari, Alireza Mahdavi, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Sahar Sobhani, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Although Visual impairment (VI) and its prevention is a public health issue, sub-optimal information about its magnitude in national level and its distribution is one of the impediments for visual health advocacy. In this article, we are detailing the approaches which will be taken to estimate the magnitude (prevalence, incidence, and burden), distribution, and trend (1990 to 2013) of low vision and blindness in Iran. Besides that, an attempt will be made to describe inequalities and their determinants...
December 2014: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Ghasem Saeedi-Anari, Cyrus Alinia, Elham Ashrafi, Ramin Daneshvar, Alfred Sommer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2014: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Elham Ashrafi, Nima Norouzi, Tahereh Abdolahinia, Mohsen Mir-AbouTalebi, Mahmoud Jabbarvand
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of mitomycin-C (MMC) on the tear film, corneal biomechanics, and surface irregularity in surface ablation (photorefractive keratectomy [PRK]) for low to moderate myopia. SETTING: Refractive Surgery Unit, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran. DESIGN: Double-masked randomized clinical trial. METHODS: In patients with spherical equivalent myopia of -0.75 to -3.87 diopters (D) and astigmatism up to -1...
June 2014: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Farnaz Shapouri, Shaghayegh Saeidi, Sara Ashrafi Kakhki, Omid Pouyan, Elham Amirchaghmaghi, Reza Aflatoonian
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that malfunction of immune system may causes testicular cancer. Recently, our understanding of innate immune system has been expanded, by discovery of "Toll-Like Receptors" (TLRs). Some studies have shown that polymorphisms of TLR2 and 4 may affect on the risk of cancer. Also, the role of TLRs 3 and 9 have been shown in apoptosis and metastasis of cancer cells in animal models. OBJECTIVE: Little information is available about the influence of innate immunity on testicular malignancy...
November 2013: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Hassan Hashemi, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Hadi Z-Mehrjardi, Mercede Majdi, Elham Ashrafi, Shiva Mehravaran, Arash Mazouri, Ramak Roohipoor, Mehdi KhabazKhoob
PURPOSE: To explore the effect of demographic characteristics on the outcomes of cataract surgery in terms of visual acuity and patient satisfaction, and gender role in the uptake of postoperative care. METHODS: Comprehensive ocular examinations were performed on 478 subjects (558 eyes) over the age of 50 years who underwent surgery for age-related cataract at the largest eye hospital in Iran. Demographic characteristics were obtained and surgical records were reviewed...
August 2012: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Mahnaz Ashrafi, Saeed Kazemi Ashtiani, Farideh Malekzadeh, Elham Amirchaghmaghi, Fahimeh Kashfi, Babak Eshrati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2008: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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