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interheart latin america study

Fernando Lanas, Pamela SerĂ³n, Alejandra Lanas
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Latin America, with ischemic heart disease as the principal cause in most countries. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease are highly prevalent in the region, but there are international variations in the pattern and level of risk factors. Overweight and obesity are increasing. In the 2012 Mexican National Survey, overweight or obesity was found in 64.9% of men and 73% of women, and they were strongly associated with sedentarism. The most characteristic dyslipidemia abnormality in the region is low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, followed by elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and increased levels of triglycerides...
December 2013: Global Heart
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Vicente Lahera, Jose Lopez-Lopez
Poor early nutrition has varying effects on subsequent cardiometabolic disease (CMD) rates. Fetal and neonatal periods are critical for the development and growth of the systems involved in CMD. The increased rates of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus type 2, renal failure and heart failure observed nowadays in Latin America could be the result of the discrepancy between the nutritional environment during fetal and early life and the adult environment. This discrepancy causes a mismatch between the fetal programming of the subject and its adult circumstances created by the imposition of new life styles...
April 2011: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
Fernando Lanas, Alvaro Avezum, Leonelo E Bautista, Rafael Diaz, Max Luna, Shofiqul Islam, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Current knowledge of the impact of cardiovascular risk factors in Latin America is limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: As part of the INTERHEART study, 1237 cases of first acute myocardial infarction and 1888 age-, sex-, and center-matched controls were enrolled from Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Guatemala, and Mexico. History of smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, diet, physical activity, alcohol consumption, psychosocial factors, anthropometry, and blood pressure were recorded...
March 6, 2007: Circulation
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