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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027705/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-spices-on-forage-degradability-ruminal-fermentation-in-vivo-digestibility-growth-performance-and-nitrogen-balance-in-black-bengal-goat
#1
M R Chowdhury, M M H Khan, S U Mahfuz, M A Baset
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of spices on forage utilization and nitrogen (N) emission using in vitro and in vivo approach. A 6 × 5 factorial triplicate arrangement was used to assess the in vitro degradability of rice straw with control (without spices) and individual (40 mg/g rice straw) spices (cumin, coriander, clove, black cumin, turmeric) at five different incubation times. In vitro dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) degradability of rice straw were highest in presence of spices except for clove...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026804/the-effect-of-cardamom-supplementation-on-serum-lipids-glycemic-indices-and-blood-pressure-in-overweight-and-obese-pre-diabetic-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Yaghooblou Fatemeh, Fereydoun Siassi, Abbas Rahimi, Fariba Koohdani, Farideh Doostan, Mostafa Qorbani, Gity Sotoudeh
BACKGROUND: Spice consumption helps the treatment of diseases due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory contents. Cardamom is one of this spices; therefore, this study is designed to determine the effect of cardamom supplementation on serum lipids, glycemic indices, and blood pressure in pre-diabetic women. METHODS: Eighty overweight or obese pre-diabetic women were randomly allocated to two groups. The intervention group received 3 g of green cardamom and the placebo group received 3 g of rusk powder for 2 months...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025078/a-cloud-on-the-horizon-a-survey-into-the-use-of-electronic-vaping-devices-for-recreational-drug-and-new-psychoactive-substance-nps-administration
#3
M S Blundell, P I Dargan, D M Wood
Background: There is limited published scientific data on vaping recreational drugs other than cannabis. A recent review suggested that 15% of people vaping cannabis have also vaped a synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist (SCRA) and identified over 300 Internet reports of e-liquid manufacture of recreational drugs and/or new psychoactive substances (NPS). Aim: To determine the prevalence of use of electronic vaping devices for recreational drug and NPS delivery in the UK...
September 14, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024138/safranal-inhibits-hela-cell-viability-by-perturbing-the-reassembly-potential-of-microtubules
#4
Sanith Cheriyamundath, Sinjan Choudhary, Manu Lopus
Saffron, a spice from Crocus sativus, has been known for its health benefits and medicinal properties. Safranal is a component of saffron and is known for its antioxidant and anticancer properties. In this study, we elucidated a possible tubulin-targeted antiproliferative mechanism of action of safranal. In vitro, the compound perturbed secondary structure of tubulin without altering net microtubule polymer mass. It inhibited HeLa cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner, with minimal damage to cellular microtubules...
October 11, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022083/adolescent-cannabinoid-exposure-effects-on-natural-reward-seeking-and-learning-in-rats
#5
H Schoch, M Y Huerta, C M Ruiz, M R Farrell, K M Jung, J J Huang, R R Campbell, D Piomelli, S V Mahler
RATIONALE: Adolescence is characterized by endocannabinoid (ECB)-dependent refinement of neural circuits underlying emotion, learning, and motivation. As a result, adolescent cannabinoid receptor stimulation (ACRS) with phytocannabinoids or synthetic agonists like "Spice" cause robust and persistent changes in both behavior and circuit architecture in rodents, including in reward-related regions like medial prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens (NAc). OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: Here, we examine persistent effects of ACRS with the cannabinoid receptor 1/2 specific agonist WIN55-212,2 (WIN; 1...
October 11, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021544/selective-catalytic-dehydration-of-furfuryl-alcohol-to-2-2-difurfuryl-ether-using-a-polyoxometalate-catalyst
#6
Shaoxiang Yang, Yanfeng Hao, Jialin Wang, Hao Wang, Yimeng Zheng, Hongyu Tian, Yongguo Liu, Baoguo Sun
The spice flavour compound 2, 2'-difurfuryl ether (DFE) is widely utilised in the food industry as it has a coffee-like, nutty, earthy, mushroom-like odour. However, despite intensive research efforts, to date, an environmentally friendly and practical synthetic preparation technique for 2, 2'-difurfuryl ether is still unavailable. Here, we investigate a new approach using polyoxometalate catalysts to selectively catalytically dehydrate furfuryl alcohol to 2, 2'-difurfuryl ether. We have successfully applied this methodology using the polyoxometalate (POMs) catalyst {[(CH3CH2CH2CH2)4N]2[SMo12O40]} to produce 2,2'-difurfuryl ether in a 30...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020084/evaluation-of-a-dna-based-method-for-spice-herb-authentication-so-you-do-not-have-to-worry-about-what-is-in-your-curry-buon-appetito
#7
Maslin Osathanunkul, Sarawut Ounjai, Rossarin Osathanunkul, Panagiotis Madesis
It is long believed that some spices may help protect against certain chronic conditions. Spices are usually parts of plants that have been powdered into small pieces. Have you ever wondered what the curry powder in your dish is made of? The aim of this work was to develop an appropriate DNA-based method for assessment of spice identity. Selecting the best marker for species recognition in the Zingiberaceae family. Six DNA regions were investigated in silico, including ITS, matK, rbcL, rpoC, trnH-psbA and trnL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017904/spicing-up-your-advice-for-south-asian-and-anglo-australians-with-type-2-diabetes-and-cvd-do-cultural-constructions-of-diet-matter
#8
Sabrina S Gupta, Helena Teede, Rosalie Aroni
South Asians are a growing migrant population, both globally and in Australia. This group are at higher risk for both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine dietary practices of South Asians, n = 41 (Indian, n = 25; Sri Lankan, n = 16) and Anglo-Australians, n = 16, with these conditions, using semi-structured in-depth interviews. Findings suggest that both groups had a high level of awareness of dietary practices necessary for optimum disease management, both prior to and post diagnosis...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016221/apoptotic-and-immunosuppressive-effects-of-turmeric-paste-on-7-12-di-methyl-benz-a-anthracene-induced-skin-tumor-model-of-wistar-rat
#9
R S Rajmani, Prafull Singh, Lakshya Veer Singh
Dietary components with potent anticancerous property are gaining attention as therapeutic agents due to low cost of therapy and minimal toxic effects. Turmeric is one such miracle spices of Indian and South Asian recipes with multiple medicinal properties. The anticarcinogenic properties of its active compound curcumin have been studied in detail. However, studies on the medicinal properties of crude turmeric used as dietary agents are lacking. Therefore, in this study we investigated the effects of dietary and topical crude turmeric paste on DMBA induced skin tumor of male Wistar rats...
October 10, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989243/a-comprehensive-review-on-rasam-a-south-indian-traditional-functional-food
#10
REVIEW
Agilandeswari Devarajan, M K Mohanmarugaraja
The view that food can have an expanded role that goes well beyond providing a source of nutrients truly applies to traditional functional foods. The systematic consumption of such traditional functional food provides an excellent preventive measure to ward off many diseases. Rasam, a soup of spices, is a traditional South Indian food. It is traditionally prepared using tamarind juice as a base, with the addition of Indian sesame oil, turmeric, tomato, chili pepper, pepper, garlic, cumin, curry leaves, mustard, coriander, asafoetida, sea salt, and water...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985227/nanoparticle-curcumin-ameliorates-experimental-colitis-via-modulation-of-gut-microbiota-and-induction-of-regulatory-t-cells
#11
Masashi Ohno, Atsushi Nishida, Yoshihiko Sugitani, Kyohei Nishino, Osamu Inatomi, Mitsushige Sugimoto, Masahiro Kawahara, Akira Andoh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Curcumin is a hydrophobic polyphenol derived from turmeric, a traditional Indian spice. Curcumin exhibits various biological functions, but its clinical application is limited due to its poor absorbability after oral administration. A newly developed nanoparticle curcumin shows improved absorbability in vivo. In this study, we examined the effects of nanoparticle curcumin (named Theracurmin) on experimental colitis in mice. METHODS: BALB/c mice were fed with 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in water...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983995/a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence-of-cancer-patients-attitudes-to-mindfulness
#12
K J Tate, D Newbury-Birch, G J McGeechan
Mindfulness has been described as a non-elaborative, non-judgmental, present-centred awareness in which each thought, feeling or sensation is acknowledged and accepted. The aim of the present study was to systematically search and synthesise qualitative evidence of cancer patients' attitudes to mindfulness. A systematic review of qualitative evidence was conducted following the SPICE framework. All cancers were included. Medline, Cinahl, Science Direct, O-Alster and New Bank were searched from the first available year to August 2016 using the search terms; wellbeing, mindfulness, qualitative...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981375/prevalence-of-salmonella-in-11-spices-offered-for-sale-from-retail-establishments-and-in-imported-shipments-offered-for-entry-to-the-united-states
#13
Guodong Zhang, Lijun Hu, Régis Pouillot, Aparna Tatavarthy, Jane M Van Doren, Daria Kleinmeier, George C Ziobro, David Melka, Hua Wang, Eric W Brown, Errol Strain, Vincent K Bunning, Steven M Musser, Thomas S Hammack
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration conducted a survey to evaluate Salmonella prevalence and aerobic plate counts in packaged (dried) spices offered for sale at retail establishments in the United States. The study included 7,250 retail samples of 11 spice types that were collected during November 2013 to September 2014 and October 2014 to March 2015. No Salmonella-positive samples (based on analysis of 125 g) were found among retail samples of cumin seed (whole or ground), sesame seed (whole, not roasted or toasted, and not black), and white pepper (ground or cracked), for prevalence estimates of 0...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981163/reduction-of-androstenone-perception-in-pan-fried-boar-meat-by-different-masking-strategies
#14
Macarena Egea, Mª Belén Linares, Marta Gil, Mª Belén López, Mª Dolores Garrido
BACKGROUND: Consumers highly sensitive to androstenone will probably reject meat from entire male pigs, which tends to have high levels of this hormone. To avoid this, the effect of different masking strategies (sprinkling with mixed spices or fennel, marinating and breading with garlic-parsley or curry) on the sensory parameters of pork loin chops obtained from entire animals with high levels of androstenone (AND) (1.0-2.9 mg kg (-1) AND in fat) and castrated animals (<0.4 mg kg (-1) AND in fat), both with low levels of skatole (SKA) (<0...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975521/nigella-sativa-oil-and-chromium-picolinate-ameliorate-fructose-induced-hyperinsulinemia-by-enhancing-insulin-signaling-and-suppressing-insulin-degrading-enzyme-in-male-rats
#15
Mohamed Mahmoud Elseweidy, Rawia Sarhan Amin, Hebatallah Husseini Atteia, Maha Abdo Aly
In vivo and in vitro studies suggested that chromium enhances insulin sensitivity by promoting insulin receptor signaling. However, its effect on insulin clearance has not been yet identified. Nigella sativa, a widely used spice, possesses an antidiabetic activity. We, therefore, hypothesized that chromium picolinate may alter insulin clearance by modulating insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) in insulin-resistant rats. We evaluated also the effect of Nigella sativa oil on insulin signaling and degradation with respect to chromium picolinate...
October 4, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974825/creature-of-habit-a-self-report-measure-of-habitual-routines-and-automatic-tendencies-in-everyday-life
#16
Karen D Ersche, Tsen-Vei Lim, Laetitia H E Ward, Trevor W Robbins, Jan Stochl
Our daily lives involve high levels of repetition of activities within similar contexts. We buy the same foods from the same grocery store, cook with the same spices, and typically sit at the same place at the dinner table. However, when questioned about these routine activities, most of us barely remember the details of our actions. Habits are automatically triggered behaviours in which we engage without conscious awareness or deliberate control. Although habits help us to operate efficiently, breaking them requires great effort...
October 1, 2017: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971115/data-on-identification-of-conserved-and-novel-mirnas-in-elettaria-cardamomum
#17
F Nadiya, N Anjali, Jinu Thomas, A Gangaprasad, K K Sabu
Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton, or small cardamom referred as 'queen of spices', is a perennial herbaceous rhizomatous monocot of the family Zingiberaceae. Cardamom seeds and fruits are the economically significant parts and effectively used as a traditional medicine, food additive and flavoring agent. In the present study, using Ion Proton next generation sequencing technology we performed the small RNA sequencing, conserved and novel miRNA predictions of a wild and five cultivar genotypes of cardamom. Small RNA sequencing generated a total of 5,451,328 and 2,756,250 raw reads for wild and cultivar cardamom respectively...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969725/analytical-methods-for-mycotoxin-detection-in-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#18
Chee Wei Lim, Gerald Chung, Sheot Harn Chan
Aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) and B₂ (AFB₂) and G1 and G₂ remain the top mycotoxins routinely analyzed and monitored by Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) national laboratories primarily for food safety regulation in the major food commodities, nuts and spices. LC tandem fluorescence detection (LC–fluorescence) represents a current mainstream analytical method, with a progressive migration to a primary method by LC tandem MS (MS/MS) for the next half decade. Annual proficiency testing (PT) is conducted by ASEAN Food Reference Laboratories (AFRLs) for mycotoxin testing as part of capability building in national laboratories, with the scope of PT materials spanning from naturally mycotoxin-contaminated spices and nuts in the early 2010s to the recent contamination of corn flour in 2017 for total aflatoxin assay development...
October 3, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961370/mir-181d-5p-promotes-neurite-outgrowth-in-pc12%C3%A2-cells-via-pi3k-akt-pathway
#19
Li-Ming Shen, Zhi-Wen Song, Yin Hua, Xu Chao, Jin-Bo Liu
INTRODUCTION: miRNAs dysregulate in spinal cord injury (SCI) and have been demonstrated to play a crucial role in neurite outgrowth. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we constructed a mouse model of SCI, extracted RNA from injured spinal cord tissue for the use of microarray assay. miR-181d-5p which is one of the most significantly expressed miRNAs in miRNA-mRNA network, abundantly expressed in center system and highly conserved across different spices, was chosen for our further study...
September 29, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959664/neuropharmacological-profile-and-chemical-analysis-of-fresh-rhizome-essential-oil-of-curcuma-longa-turmeric-cultivated-in-southwest-nigeria
#20
Idris A Oyemitan, Christianah A Elusiyan, Ayoola O Onifade, Moses A Akanmu, Adebola O Oyedeji, Armando G McDonald
BACKGROUND: Curcuma longa (turmeric) is commonly used as spice and also used to treat fever, cough and febrile convulsions in Nigeria. This study determined the chemical composition of the essential oil of C. longa and evaluated its neuropharmacological activity in mice. METHODS: Essential oil of C. longa (EOCL) fresh rhizome was obtained by hydrodistillation and its chemical composition determined by GC-MS. Acute toxicity (LD50) profile of the essential oil was determined orally (p...
2017: Toxicology Reports
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