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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925572/add-some-spice-to-ease-creaking-joints
#1
Jane Bates
Cinnamon, black pepper, turmeric, ginger - these spices have been lurking in the back of my kitchen cupboard for years, only making an appearance at Christmas and for the odd curry.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924745/turmeric-a-spice-for-life
#2
Kirsty Balachandran, Justin Stebbing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916819/the-nutritional-value-and-health-benefits-of-chickpeas-and-hummus
#3
REVIEW
Taylor C Wallace, Robert Murray, Kathleen M Zelman
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advocate for increasing vegetable intake and replacing energy-dense foods with those that are nutrient-dense. Most Americans do not eat enough vegetables, and particularly legumes, each day, despite their well-established benefits for health. Traditional hummus is a nutrient-dense dip or spread made from cooked, mashed chickpeas, blended with tahini, olive oil, lemon juice, and spices. Consumers of chickpeas and/or hummus have been shown to have higher nutrient intakes of dietary fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C, folate, magnesium, potassium, and iron as compared to non-consumers...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903420/microbiology-of-processed-edible-insect-products-results-of-a-preliminary-survey
#4
Nils Th Grabowski, Günter Klein
Little is known of the microbiology of processed insect products. The present survey analysed a total of n=38 samples of deep-fried and spiced (Acheta domesticus, Locusta migratoria, and Omphisa fuscidentalis), cooked in soy sauce ("tsukudani"; Oxya yezoensis, Vespula flaviceps, and Bombyx mori), dried (A. domesticus, L. migatoria, Alphitobius diaperinus, Tenebrio molitor, B. mori, Hermetia illucens, and Musca domestica), powdered (H. illucens, T. molitor) and other (incl. deep-frozen B. mori and honeybee pollen) insect products microbiologically (total bacterial count [TBC], Enterobacteriaceae, staphylococci, bacilli, and yeasts and moulds counts, salmonellae, Listeria monocytogenes, and Escherichia coli)...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894904/from-niche-to-stigma-headshops-to-prison-exploring-the-rise-and-fall-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-use-among-young-adults
#5
Shane Blackman, Rick Bradley
The aim of this paper will be to consider the rise and subsequent fall in NPS use at national and local level with a focus on synthetic cannabinoid products in Kent. We will examine the local practice and policy responses by Kent's Young Persons' Drug and Alcohol Service towards a possible change in patterns of NPS drug consumption. The county has seen an expansion in the number of Headshops and we present local media coverage on NPS, and the Trading Standards and Kent Police intervention Operation Lantern to regulate Headshops...
November 25, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892897/the-importance-of-selected-spices-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#6
Bartosz Kulczyński, Anna Gramza-Michałowska
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Literature data indicate that, due to these diseases, approximately 17.5 million people died in 2012. Types of cardiovascular disease include ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, congenital heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy and arrhythmia. Proper nutrition is an important factor in reducing the risk of cardiovascular events. An interesting element of our diets is spices. For thousands of years, they have been used in the treatment of many diseases: bacterial infections, coughs, colds, and liver diseases...
November 14, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891602/cannabimimetic-phytochemicals-in-the-diet-an-evolutionary-link-to-food-selection-and-metabolic-stress-adaptation
#7
REVIEW
Jürg Gertsch
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a major lipid signaling network that plays important pro-homeostatic (allostatic) roles not only in the nervous system but in peripheral organs. Increasing evidence points towards a dietary component in the modulation of the ECS. Cannabinoid receptors in hominids co-evolved with diet and the ECS constitutes a feedback loop for food selection and energy metabolism. Here it is postulated that the mismatch of ancient lipid genes of hunter-gatheres and pastoralists with the high carbohydrate diet introduced by agriculture could be compensated via dietary modulation of the ECS...
November 27, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888503/anti-hypercholesterolemic-influence-of-the-spice-cardamom-elettaria-cardamomum-in-experimental-rats
#8
Shamarao Nagashree, Kottangada K Archana, Pullabhatla Srinivas, Krishnapura Srinivasan, Halagur B Sowbhagya
BACKGROUND: Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) is an aromatic seed spice grown extensively in India and used as a flavoring in sweets. The anti-hypercholesterolemic effect of cardamom was evaluated in Wistar rats by inducing hypercholesterolemia with a high cholesterol diet for 8 weeks. Dietary interventions were made with (a) Cardamom powder (50 g.kg(-1) ), (b) Cardamom oil (3 g.kg(-1) ) (equivalent to 50 g.kg(-1) cardamom), and (c) de-oiled cardamom powder (50 g.kg(-1) ). RESULTS: Significant reduction in the blood total cholesterol (31%) and LDL cholesterol (44%) was observed by oral administration of cardamom oil in hypercholesterolemic rats accompanied by a marked decrease in serum triglycerides by 42%...
November 26, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888157/curcumin-use-in-pulmonary-diseases-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Diana Lelli, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Thomas P Johnston, Claudio Pedone
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a yellow pigment present in the spice turmeric (Curcuma longa). It has been used for centuries in Ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine) for the treatment of several diseases. Over the last several decades, the therapeutic properties of curcumin have slowly been elucidated. It has been shown that curcumin has pleiotropic effects, regulating transcription factors (e.g., NF-kB), cytokines (e.g., IL6, TNF-alpha), adhesion molecules (e.g., ICAM-1), and enzymes (e.g., MMPs) that play a major role in inflammation and cancerogenesis...
November 22, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884762/pleasantness-familiarity-and-identification-of-spice-odors-are-interrelated-and-enhanced-by-consumption-of-herbs-and-food-neophilia
#10
Antti Knaapila, Oskar Laaksonen, Markus Virtanen, Baoru Yang, Hanna Lagström, Mari Sandell
The primary dimension of odor is pleasantness, which is associated with a multitude of factors. We investigated how the pleasantness, familiarity, and identification of spice odors were associated with each other and with the use of the respective spice, overall use of herbs, and level of food neophobia. A total of 126 adults (93 women, 33 men; age 25-61 years, mean 39 years) rated the odors from 12 spices (oregano, anise, rosemary, mint, caraway, sage, thyme, cinnamon, fennel, marjoram, garlic, and clove) for pleasantness and familiarity, and completed a multiple-choice odor identification...
November 21, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881064/functional-foods-for-health-the-interrelated-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-role-of-fruits-vegetables-herbs-spices-and-cocoa-in-humans
#11
Mauro Serafini, Ilaria Peluso
The health benefits of plant food-based diets could be related to both integrated antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms exerted by a wide array of phytochemicals present in fruit, vegetables, herbs and spices. Therefore, there is mounting interest in identifying foods, food extracts and phytochemicals formulations from plant sources which are able to efficiently modulate oxidative and inflammatory stress to prevent diet-related diseases. This paper reviews available evidence about the effect of supplementation with selected fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices and their extracts or galenic formulation on combined markers of redox and inflammatory status in humans...
November 22, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876936/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anthelmintic-activity-of-seed-extract-of-coriandrum-sativum-compared-to-niclosamid-against-hymenolepis-nana-infection
#12
Samaneh Hosseinzadeh, Maryam Jamshidian Ghalesefidi, Mehdi Azami, Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Seyed Hossein Hejazi, Mohsen Ghomashlooyan
Phytotherapy can be an alternative for the control of gastrointestinal parasites in human and animals. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is a medicinal plant which grown as a spice crop all over the world. The seeds of this plant have been used to treat parasitic disease, indigestion, diabetes, rheumatism and pain in the joints. This study was carried out to compare the efficacy of Niclosamid and alcoholic seed extract of C. sativum on Hymenolepis nana infection, in vivo and vitro. For in vivo study, Balb/c mice were used, to compare the efficacy of 50 mg/kg body weight (B...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863282/identification-and-quantification-of-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-spice-like-herbal-mixtures-update-of-the-german-situation-for-the-spring-of-2016
#13
Nico Langer, Rainer Lindigkeit, Hans-Martin Schiebel, Uli Papke, Ludger Ernst, Till Beuerle
In February 2016, nine "spice-like" products from German language internet shops were analyzed. In total, eight different synthetic cannabinoids were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), namely THJ-018, THJ-2201, MAB-CHMINACA, 5F-ADB, 5Cl-AKB48 (syn.: 5C-AKB48), 4-pentenyl-AKB48, MDMB-CHMICA and 5F-AB-PINACA. For the majority of products only one synthetic cannabinoid was identified as the active ingredient, while two products contained 2 and 5 compounds, respectively. For some of the identified cannabinoids (MAB-CHMINACA, 5Cl-AKB48 and 4-pentenyl-AKB48) no or only insufficient physico-chemical data were available in literature...
December 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862082/influence-of-salt-tolerant-trichoderma-spp-on-growth-of-maize-zea-mays-under-different-salinity-conditions
#14
Krishna Kumar, K Manigundan, Natarajan Amaresan
In the present study, a total of 70 Trichoderma spp. were isolated from the rhizosphere soils of vegetable and spice crops that were grown in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Initial screening of Trichoderma spp. for salt tolerant properties showed 32 isolates were able to tolerate 10% NaCl. Furthermore, these isolates were screened for their potential plant growth-promoting characteristics such as IAA production, phosphate solubilization, and siderophore production. Among 32 isolates, nine isolates were able to produce IAA, siderophore, and solubilize phosphate...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856997/association-between-menthol-flavoured-cigarette-smoking-and-flavoured-little-cigar-and-cigarillo-use-among-african-american-hispanic-and-white-young-and-middle-aged-adult-smokers
#15
K Sterling, C Fryer, I Pagano, D Jones, P Fagan
OBJECTIVES: Flavour additives in cigarettes and little cigars and cigarillos (LCCs), which influence smokers' risk perceptions, may reinforce dual flavoured tobacco use. We examined the association among mentholated cigarette use, risk perceptions for flavour additives in LCCs and flavoured LCC smoking behaviour. METHODS: Data from a national probability sample of 964 young and middle-aged adult current cigarette smokers were analysed. Multinomial logistic regression models examined the relationship among mentholated cigarette smoking, risk perceptions and current flavoured LCC use for the analytic sample and gender and race/ethnicity...
November 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855627/recent-advances-in-obesity-the-role-of-turmeric-tuber-and-its-metabolites-in-the-prophylaxis-and-therapeutical-strategies
#16
Agata Jarząb, Wirginia Kukula-Koch
This contribution reviews current literature on the application of turmeric tuber - a commonly used spice - as an anti-obesity agent. Following an introduction about the biochemical significance of obesity and characteristics of various groups of natural products applied in the therapy of overweight patients, the authors focus on Curcuma secondary metabolites, their pharmacological applications and present a detailed study on the regulatory properties of turmeric towards various biochemical mechanisms of obesity...
November 17, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854276/development-of-a-web-based-24-h-dietary-recall-for-a-french-canadian-population
#17
Simon Jacques, Simone Lemieux, Benoît Lamarche, Catherine Laramée, Louise Corneau, Annie Lapointe, Maude Tessier-Grenier, Julie Robitaille
Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls can provide high-quality dietary intake data, but are considered expensive, as they rely on trained professionals for both their administration and coding. The objective of this study was to develop an automated, self-administered web-based 24-h recall (R24W) for a French-Canadian population. The development of R24W was inspired by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Automated Multiple-Pass Method. Questions about the context of meals/snacks were included. Toppings, sauces and spices frequently added to each food/dish were suggested systematically...
November 15, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854151/essential-oils-from-thyme-thymus-vulgaris-chemical-composition-and-biological-effects-in-mouse-model
#18
Vaclav Vetvicka, Jana Vetvickova
Thymus species are popular spices and contain volatile oils as main chemical constituents. Recently, plant-derived essential oils are gaining significant attention due to their significant biological activities. Seven different thymus-derived essential oils were compared in our study. First, we focused on their chemical composition, which was followed up by testing their effects on phagocytosis, cytokine production, chemotaxis, edema inhibition, and liver protection. We found limited biological activities among tested oils, with no correlation between composition and biological effects...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853201/the-effects-of-%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-on-the-dopamine-system
#19
Michael A P Bloomfield, Abhishekh H Ashok, Nora D Volkow, Oliver D Howes
The effects of Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, are a pressing concern for global mental health. Patterns of cannabis use are changing drastically owing to legalization, the availability of synthetic analogues (commonly termed spice), cannavaping and an emphasis on the purported therapeutic effects of cannabis. Many of the reinforcing effects of THC are mediated by the dopamine system. Owing to the complexity of the cannabinoid-dopamine interactions that take place, there is conflicting evidence from human and animal studies concerning the effects of THC on the dopamine system...
November 16, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846826/natural-product-htp-screening-for-antibacterial-e-coli-0157-h7-and-anti-inflammatory-agents-in-lps-from-e-coli-o111-b4-activated-macrophages-and-microglial-cells-focus-on-sepsis
#20
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Nan Li, David Bauer, Patricia Mendonca, Equar Taka, Mohammed Darb, Leeshawn Thomas, Henry Williams, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND: Acute systemic inflammatory response syndrome arising from infection can lead to multiple organ failure and death, with greater susceptibility occurring in immunocompromised individuals. Moreover, sub-acute chronic inflammation is a contributor to the pathology of diverse degenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and arthritis). Given the known limitations in Western medicine to treat a broad range of inflammatory related illness as well as the emergence of antibiotic resistance, there is a renewed interest in complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) to achieve these means...
November 15, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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