keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550782/immunofluorescence-evaluation-of-4-hydroxynonenal-and-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-activation-in-zebrafish-daino-rerio-larvae-brain-exposed-microinjected-to-propyl-gallate
#1
Ahmet Topal, Selim Çomakli, Mustafa Özkaraca, Alper Baran, Mine Köktürk, Veysel Parlak, Yavuz Selim Sağlam, Muhammed Atamanalp, Saltuk Buğrahan Ceyhun
Propyl gallate (PG) is a chemical compound obtained by esterification of propanol with gallic acid. Due to its antioxidative properties, it is widely used in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries as well as to protect the oils in foods such as butter, milk-based desserts, chewing gum, mayonnaise, meat, soups, cereals, spices and seasonings from rancidity. This study has been designed to assessment 8-OHdG and 4-HNE activity, and histopathological changes in the brain tissues of zebrafish larvae, which is a lecithotrophic organism, after 96 h of PG exposure via microinjecting to yolk sac of embryo...
May 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550117/comparative-exploration-of-multidimensional-flow-cytometry-software-a-model-approach-evaluating-t-cell-polyfunctional-behavior
#2
Timothy T Spear, Michael I Nishimura, Patricia E Simms
Advancement in flow cytometry reagents and instrumentation has allowed for simultaneous analysis of large numbers of lineage/functional immune cell markers. Highly complex datasets generated by polychromatic flow cytometry require proper analytical software to answer investigators' questions. A problem among many investigators and flow cytometry Shared Resource Laboratories (SRLs), including our own, is a lack of access to a flow cytometry-knowledgeable bioinformatics team, making it difficult to learn and choose appropriate analysis tool(s)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548854/curcumin-protects-membranes-through-carpet-or-insertion-model-depending-on-hydration
#3
Richard J Alsop, Alexander Dhaliwal, Maikel C Rheinstadter
Curcumin is the main ingredient of turmeric, a common Indian spice. Curcumin shows a broad spectrum of effects, including anti-Alzheimer's and anti-oxidant properties. An interaction between curcumin and lipid membranes has been speculated as the root-cause, and the molecule is often proposed to `protect' the bilayer. However, the detailed molecular mechanism of this protection is disputed. There is evidence that curcumin either a) lies flat on the bilayer and provides a `carpet' for protection by forming a steric barrier, or b) inserts into the membrane and stiffens tails, thereby protecting against peptide insertion...
May 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535906/the-effects-of-curcumin-on-proliferation-apoptosis-invasion-and-nedd4-expression-in-pancreatic-cancer
#4
Jingna Su, Xiuxia Zhou, Xuyuan Yin, Lixia Wang, Zhe Zhao, Yingying Hou, Nana Zheng, Jun Xia, Zhiwei Wang
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most fatal cancers worldwide. The incidence and death rates are still increasing for PC. Curcumin is the biologically active diarylheptanoid constituent of the spice turmeric, which exerts its anticancer properties in various human cancers including PC. In particular, accumulating evidence has proved that curcumin targets numerous therapeutically important proteins in cell signaling pathways. The neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated protein 4 (NEDD4) is an E3 HECT ubiquitin ligase and is frequently over-expressed in various cancers...
May 20, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535590/emission-of-volatile-organic-compounds-and-production-of-secondary-organic-aerosol-from-stir-frying-spices
#5
Tengyu Liu, Qianyun Liu, Zijun Li, Lei Huo, ManNin Chan, Xue Li, Zhen Zhou, Chak K Chan
Cooking is an important source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and a potential source of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) both indoors and outdoors. In this study, VOC emissions from heating corn oil and stir-frying spices (i.e. garlic, ginger, myrcia and zanthoxylum piperitum (Sichuan pepper)) were characterized using an on-line membrane inlet vacuum ultraviolet single-photon ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (VUV-SPI-TOFMS). VOC emissions from heating corn oil were dominated by aldehydes, which were enhanced by factors of one order of magnitude when stir-frying spices...
May 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528547/differentiation-of-brazilian-peppertree-schinus-terebinthifolius-raddi-and-peruvian-peppertree-schinus-molle-l-fruits-by-uhplc-ms-analysis-of-their-anthocyanin-and-biflavonoid-profile
#6
Michelle M Feuereisen, Benno F Zimmermann, Nadine Schulze-Kaysers, Andreas Schieber
The objective of this work was to determine the phenolic profile of Schinus terebinthifolius and S. molle fruits and to develop a reliable method for the differentiation of these two similar spices both known as pink pepper. Anthocyanins, biflavonoids and gallotannins, some of which are reported for the first time in these species, were identified by UHPLC-UV/Vis-MS/MS. Consideration of the relative and absolute amounts of phenolics as well as indicator compounds from 18 samples revealed that the relative amounts of anthocyanins and biflavonoids are the most trustworthy parameters...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526570/role-of-medicinal-plants-on-growth-performance-and-immune-status-in-fish
#7
REVIEW
Elham Awad, Amani Awaad
Disease outbreaks increase proportionally with increases in intensive aquaculture. Natural products including medicinal plants have been known from thousands of years for treating some human diseases. It is well known that many active compounds are responsible for potential bio-activities. For that reason, there has been considerable interest in the use of medicinal plants in aquaculture with a view to providing safe and eco-friendly compounds for replacing antibiotics and chemical compounds as well as to enhance immune status and control fish diseases...
May 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520947/synergistic-effect-of-spice-extracts-and-modified-atmospheric-packaging-towards-non-thermal-preservation-of-chicken-meat-under-refrigerated-storage
#8
M Sivarajan, U Lalithapriya, Peter Mariajenita, B Aafrin Vajiha, K Harini, D Madhushalini, M Sukumar
This study investigates the integrated approach of spice extracts and modified atmospheric packaging (MAP) chicken meat preservation. Specifically, extracts from clove (CL), cinnamon (CI) individually and in combination (3% w/w) along with MAP (30% CO2/70% N2 and 10% O2/30% CO2/60% N2) were used to increase the shelf life of fresh chicken meat stored at 4°C. The parameters evaluated as shelf life indications are microbiological (total viable count, Pseudomonas spp., lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and Enterobacteriaceae), physicochemical (pH, Lipid oxidation, color changes) and Sensory attributes...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506271/agrobiodiversity-and-in-situ-conservation-in-ethnic-minority-communities-of-xishuangbanna-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#9
Shicai Shen, Gaofeng Xu, Diyu Li, David Roy Clements, Fudou Zhang, Guimei Jin, Jianyong Wu, Pingfang Wei, Song Lin, Dayuan Xue
BACKGROUND: Xishuangbanna of Yunnan Province, southwest of China belongs to a global biodiversity and cultural hotspot. Agrobiodiversity plays an essential role in local livelihoods and traditional culture in the region. However, preliminary studies suggest that diversity of crop plants and livestock species is declining. We hypothesized that agrobiodiversity and traditional means of preserving agrobiodiversity are threatened because of changes in government policy in favor of commercial plantations, land use change and changes in traditional agricultural practices...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506084/turmeric-old-spice-new-spice
#10
C J Cooksey
The history of chemical investigations into the yellow components of turmeric can be traced from 1815. Although the major yellow component of turmeric, curcumin, often is represented as a 1,3-diketone in the solid state and in nonaqueous solution, it exists in the enol form. The struggle to identify the chemical structure of curcumin continued for nearly a century and was complicated by the difficult purification of curcumin and by the presence of two additional yellow components. Food remains the main use for turmeric (old spice); its use as a dye has diminished since the 19th century, but it may have pharmaceutical uses (new spice)...
May 16, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500688/fennel-foeniculum-vulgare-mill-subsp-piperitum-florets-a-traditional-culinary-spice-in-italy-evaluation-of-phenolics-and-volatiles-in-local-populations-and-comparison-with-the-composition-of-other-plant-parts
#11
Federico Ferioli, Elisa Giambanelli, L Filippo D'Antuono
BACKGROUND: Wild fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. piperitum) florets are used as a typical spice in central and southern Italy. Although fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.), belonging to Apiaceae (syn. Umbelliferae) family, is a well-known vegetable and aromatic plant, whose main phytochemical compounds have been extensively analysed and investigated as flavouring agents and for their putative health promoting functions, its florets have not been specifically considered up to now...
May 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497823/natural-products-modulating-the-herg-channel-heartaches-and-hope
#12
REVIEW
Jadel M Kratz, Ulrike Grienke, Olaf Scheel, Stefan A Mann, Judith M Rollinger
Covering: 1996-December 2016The human Ether-à-go-go Related Gene (hERG) channel is a voltage-gated potassium channel playing an essential role in the normal electrical activity in the heart. It is involved in the repolarization and termination of action potentials in excitable cardiac cells. Mutations in the hERG gene and hERG channel blockage by small molecules are associated with increased risk of fatal arrhythmias. Several drugs have been withdrawn from the market due to hERG channel-related cardiotoxicity...
May 12, 2017: Natural Product Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493026/structural-and-functional-characterization-of-a-novel-immunomodulatory-glycoprotein-isolated-from-ajowan-trachyspermum-ammi-l
#13
R R Shruthi, Y P Venkatesh, G Muralikrishna
Ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi L.) spice has been used in food preparations and also as a traditional medicine in Ayurveda. Although a number of pharmacological activities have been attributed to ajowan, its role in immunomodulation is not known. The main objective of the present study is to examine the macromolecular immunomodulatory components. Macrophage activation was studied by nitric oxide (NO) release, phagocytosis and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines as the markers. Ethanol precipitate (fractional) of ajowan aqueous extract was subjected to conventional chromatography (Q Sepharose followed by Bio-Gel P-100)...
May 10, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492472/molecular-surveillance-of-cronobacter-spp-isolated-from-a-wide-variety-of-foods-from-44-different-countries-by-sequence-typing-of-16s-rrna-rpob-and-o-antigen-genes
#14
Nancy Miranda, Pratik Banerjee, Steven Simpson, Khalil Kerdahi, Irshad M Sulaiman
Cronobacter spp. are emerging infectious bacteria that can cause acute meningitis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonatal and immunocompromised individuals. Although this opportunistic human-pathogenic microorganism has been isolated from a wide variety of food and environmental samples, it has been primarily linked to foodborne outbreaks associated with powdered infant formula. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration use the presence of these microbes as one of the criteria to assess food adulteration and to implement regulatory actions...
May 11, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488989/spice-y-kidney-failure-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-acute-kidney-injury-attributable-to-the-use-of-synthetic-cannabis
#15
REVIEW
Ceyda Zarifi, Shuchi Vyas
INTRODUCTION: Spice is a synthetic cannabinoid that is readily available for purchase in smoke shops at relatively low cost. Spice is not detectable upon routine drug screening, making it an increasingly popular new street drug. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old man presented with new-onset seizures. During the next 2 days, he developed uncontrollable hypertension, agitation, respiratory failure requiring intubation, pulmonary hypertension, and acute kidney injury (AKI) with a maximum blood urea nitrogen/creatinine level of 54/7...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485500/the-sensory-quality-of-allergen-controlled-fat-reduced-salt-reduced-pork-ostrich-sausages-during-storage
#16
Dominika Guzek, Dominika Głąbska, Marta Brodowska, Jolanta Godziszewska, Elżbieta Górska-Horczyczak, Ewelina Pogorzelska, Iwona Wojtasik-Kalinowska, Agnieszka Wierzbicka
BACKGROUND: New meat products tailored to consumers' health should be characterised by reduced sodium, fat and cholesterol content and other health-promoting benefits. However, the food sector's greatest challenge is allergen-free production. Consumers are not willing to compromise the sensory quality of meat products for health. The aim of the study was to analyse the influence of the storage time on the physical properties and consumer acceptance of allergen-controlled, fat-reduced, salt-reduced pork-ostrich sausages...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480505/cardamom-supplementation-improves-inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-hyperlipidemic-overweight-and-obese-pre-diabetic-women-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#17
Shiva Kazemi, Fatemeh Yaghooblou, Fereydoun Siassi, Abbas Rahimi, Mahsa Ghavipour, Fariba Koohdani, Gity Sotoudeh
BACKGROUND: Several preclinical studies have shown that spices may decrease the risk of chronic diseases. However, it has been suggested that more clinical trials be carried out to strengthen this preclinical evidence. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cardamom (Elettaria Cardamomum) supplementation on inflammation and oxidative stress in hyperlipidemic, overweight, and obese pre-diabetic women. METHODS: This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 80 pre-diabetic subjects...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471280/bad-trip-due-to-25i-nbome-a-case-report-from-the-eu-project-spice-ii-plus
#18
Maren Hermanns-Clausen, Verena Angerer, Josephine Kithinji, Christina Grumann, Volker Auwärter
OBJECTIVE: The potent hallucinogenic drug 25I-NBOMe has recently emerged on the drug market. We present a case with analytically confirmed 25I-NBOMe intoxication from the prospective study "SPICE II Plus". CASE REPORT: Because of a severe headache a 42-year-old man took one sip of a pediatric analgesic syrup, which had been refilled with a self-made solution of 25I-NBOMe in ethanol. Thirty minutes later restlessness occurred. On arrival in the emergency department mydriasis, strong sweating, disorientation, and agitation were noticed...
May 4, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468697/multiresidue-method-for-targeted-screening-of-pesticide-residues-in-spice-cardamom-elettaria-cardamomum-by-liquid-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#19
Manjusha Jadhav, Ahammed Shabeer Thekkumpurath, Mayura Nakade, Manasi Gadgil, Dasharath Oulkar, Ranjith Arimboor, Menon Ramakrishna, Kaushik Banerjee
A QuEChERS technique-based sample preparation method was optimized and validated in small cardamom to monitor the residues of 154 pesticides by LC with tandem MS. The proposed multiresidue method involved soaking powdered cardamom (2 g) in water (8 mL) for 30 min, followed by extraction with acetonitrile (10 mL). Cleanup by dispersive SPE was performed using primary secondary amine (25 mg/mL), C18 (25 mg/mL), and anhydrous magnesium sulfate (150 mg/mL). The method was validated as per the SANTE/11945/2015 guidelines at 5, 10, 50, and 100 ng/g spiking levels, and most of the analytes showed recoveries between 70 and 120% (with RSDs ≤20%)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460128/inflamed-fat-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-end-stage-renal-disease-links-to-hypoxia-could-curcumin-be-of-benefit
#20
Peter Stenvinkel, Volker H Haase
Inflamed adipose tissue and muscular mitochondrial dysfunction are linked and together these alterations may contribute to several sinister components of the uremic phenotype, such as muscle wasting, frailty, inflammation and dysfunctional adipose tissue with insulin resistance. Although the cause(s) of inflamed fat and mitochondrial dysfunction are likely multifactorial, tissue hypoxia may be an important player since hypoxia promote inflammatory processes and alter mitochondrial function. Among several transcription factors, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1) play a prominent role in the adaption to hypoxia at the cellular level...
April 28, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
keyword
keyword
6892
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"