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anesthesia y children

J H Liang, Y Cheng, X Deng, Y Y Yu, X X Li
: Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of large spot indirect ophthalmoscopy laser alone or combined with systemic chemotherapy in the treatment of early and middle stage retinoblastoma. Methods: Retrospective series case study. Clinical data of 21 patients (22 eyes) who were diagnosed as retinoblastoma (RB) in Peking University People's Hospital from March 2009 to August 2014 were collected. Medical and family history, ocular ultrasound, orbital and cranial MRI or CT examination of RB Children were detailed recorded...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Yolanda Y Huang, Lucy Li, Matthew Monteleone, Lynne Ferrari, Lisa J States, James J Riviello, Steven G Kernie, Ali A Mencin, Sumit Gupta, Lena S Sun
Ongoing investigation from the Pediatric Anesthesia NeuroDevelopment Assessment (PANDA) study hopes to examine the long-term effect on cognitive and language development of a single anesthetic exposure in children undergoing inguinal hernia repair. The fifth PANDA Symposium, held in April 2016, continued the mission of previous symposia to examine evidence from basic science and clinical studies on potential neurotoxic effects of anesthetics on developing brain. At the 2016 Symposium, a panel of specialists from nonsurgical pediatric disciplines including anesthesiology, radiology, neurology, gastroenterology, oncology, cardiology, and critical care reviewed use of anesthesia in their practices, including how concern over possible neurodevelopmental effects of early childhood anesthetic exposure has changed discussion with patients and families regarding risks and benefits of imaging studies and interventional procedures involving sedation or anesthesia...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Yolanda Y Huang, Caleb Ing, Gouhua Li, Lena S Sun
INTRODUCTION: Although animal studies have consistently demonstrated long-term neurocognitive deficits following early anesthetic exposure under certain conditions, risk in human children remains unknown. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in young patients often requires anesthesia to facilitate image acquisition. We studied MRI utilization in a pediatric population, and associated use of anesthesia for ambulatory MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the New York State Inpatient Database and State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Database on MRI performed in children under the age of 18 years from 2005 to 2011...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Khaled R Al-Zaben, Ibraheem Y Qudaisat, Aboud N Alja'bari, Omar A Ababneh, Al-Motassem M Yousef, Abdulrahman M Al-Shudifat
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of caudal and intravenous (IV) dexmedetomidine (1 μg/kg) on postoperative analgesia after caudal bupivacaine in pediatric patients undergoing lower abdominal and perineal surgeries. DESIGN: A randomized controlled double-blind study. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Seventy-five American Society of Anesthesiologists I children, aged 1 to 6 years...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
S Touzet-Roumazeille, L Jayyosi, Y Plenier, E Guyot, T Guillard, C François
Children represent a population at risk, because of their short size, their naivety and their attraction to animals. The face and hands are the most specific locations in young children. Wounds are often multiple. In more than half the cases, the child knows the animal, which are dogs and cats by frequency argument. The bite episode occurs mostly when the child is alone with the pet without direct supervision, while playing or stroking the animal. As in all bites, pediatric lesions are infectious, functional and aesthetic emergencies, but the goal of this work was primarily to make a point on principles of surgical management of animal bites in children, highlighting pediatric specificities...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Letícia Hamester, Emiliane Nogueira de Souza, Cibele Cielo, Maria Antonieta Moraes, Lúcia Campos Pellanda
OBJECTIVE: to verify the effectiveness of nursing orientation provided to families of patients in the immediate post-operative following cardiac surgery before the first visit to the post-anesthesia care unit, in decreasing anxiety levels, compared to the unit's routine orientation. METHOD: open randomized clinical trial addressing family members in the waiting room before the first visit in the immediate post-operative period. The family members assigned to the intervention group received audiovisual orientation concerning the patients' conditions at the time and the control group received the unit's routine orientation...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Hisham Y El Batawi, Ahmed A Shorrab
BACKGROUND: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) is a common complication following dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) that may lead to unplanned hospitalization, increased costs and dissatisfaction of parents. AIM: To investigate the incidence of Postoperative Vomiting (POV) on children who underwent dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia and to compare possible preventive effect of Dexamethasone and Ondansetron on occurrences of POV. STUDY DESIGN: A double blind randomized parallel clinical trial was carried out on 352 ASA I children who underwent DGA in a private Saudi hospital in Jeddah...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
O G Avraamova, Yu V Pakhomova
The aim of the study was to assess oral health status in in children with intellectual disability (ID) living in Moscow Orphanage №15. The study involved 91 children aged 12 (39 children) and 15 (52 children). Caries incidence and DMFT index, periodontal disease incidence, OHI-S and PMA index, malocclusions incidence were assessed at baseline examination. Caries incidence in 12 and 15 y.o. was moderate (53.85% and 56.0%, correspondingly), as well as DMFT (2.77±0.52 и 2.94±0.53 correspondingly). In 2 children with rumination syndrome all teeth were affected by caries and these children received dental treatment under general anesthesia 7 times during last 60 months...
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
Li-Wei Li, Long He, Yanqiu Ai, Qinjun Chu, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAEs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality associated with pediatric anesthesia. Topical lidocaine administration reduces risk of PRAE in children undergoing elective endotracheal intubation. However, definitive evidence of its efficacy remains elusive, due, in part, to the wide variability in the methodology for spraying topical lidocaine. In this randomized controlled double-blind clinical trial, we sought to evaluate the effect of site-directed topical airway lidocaine, sprayed directly onto supraglottic, glottis, and subglottic areas, on the incidence of PRAE...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Tara L Wenger, John Dahl, Elizabeth J Bhoj, Anna Rosen, Donna McDonald-McGinn, Elaine Zackai, Ian Jacobs, Carrie L Heike, Anne Hing, Avni Santani, Andrew F Inglis, Kathleen C Y Sie, Michael Cunningham, Jonathan Perkins
PURPOSE: Because a tracheal cartilaginous sleeve (TCS) confers a significant mortality risk that can be mitigated with appropriate intervention, we sought to describe the prevalence and associated genotypes in a large cohort of children with syndromic craniosynostosis. METHODS: Chart review of patients with syndromic craniosynostosis across two institutions. RESULTS: In a cohort of 86 patients with syndromic craniosynostosis, 31 required airway evaluation under anesthesia...
May 26, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Laura E Schleelein, Ariel M Vincent, Abbas F Jawad, Eric Y Pruitt, Genna D Kreher, Mohamed A Rehman, Theodora K Goebel, David E Cohen, Scott D Cook-Sather
BACKGROUND: Perioperative pediatric adverse events have been challenging to study within and across institutions due to varying definitions, low event rates, and incomplete capture. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine perioperative adverse event prevalence and to evaluate associated case characteristics and potential contributing factors at an academic pediatric quaternary-care center. METHODS: At the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), perioperative adverse events requiring rapid response assistance are termed Anesthesia Now (AN!) events...
July 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Jehan AlHumaid, David Tesini, Matthew Finkelman, Cheen Y Loo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the D-TERMINED Program with standard behavior guidance techniques (SBGTs) used for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a private dental setting. METHODS: A retrospective data analysis was performed from records of children with ASD who received treatment using either the D-TERMINED program or SBGTs at two private dental practices. Data were analyzed using chi-square, Fisher's exact, Wilcoxon Signed Rank, and Mann-Whitney U tests and logistic regression...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
B Xia, J H Wang, Y M Xiao, K Y Liu, X D Yang, L H Ge
OBJECTIVE: It has been demonstrated that anesthetics exposure may lead to neurocognitive impairment in developing brain of animal models. However, for the limitation that the animal models cannot fully mimic the dose and duration in clinical settings especially for dental general anesthesia, the clinical significance of anesthetics exposure on developing central nervous system remains undetermined. Therefore, we conducted the current study in order to observe the fluctuation of intelligence quotient (IQ) after the administration of dental general anesthesia comparing to that before surgery...
April 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Cindy S T Aun, Catherine McBride, Anna Lee, Angel S C Lau, Raymond C K Chung, Chung Kwong Yeung, Kelly Y C Lai, Tony Gin
Due to the neurotoxicity effects of general anesthesia (GA) and sedatives found in animal studies, there is a general recommendation to avoid nonurgent surgical procedures requiring anesthesia in children younger than 3 years of age. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of anesthesia-related postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) on the first day (Day 1) and at 6 weeks after elective noncardiac surgery in school-age children.This was a prospective cohort study of 118 children undergoing GA and 126 age-matched controls of school children aged 5 to 12 years...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jinzhu Liu, Zhaoyu Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of neostigmine induced reversal of rocuronium in neonates, infants, young children and children. METHODS: One hundred and sixty ASA I or II pediatric patients undergoings elective surgical procedures under total intravenous anesthesia were enrolled during July 2014 to April 2015 in Tianjin Children's Hospital. The patients were divided into four groups according to ages: neonate group, infant group, young children group and children group...
March 15, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Paul J Samuels, Matthew D Sjoblom
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pediatric obesity has become commonplace in our clinical practice, and presents anesthesia providers with numerous challenges. This study provides an up-to-date review of their perioperative care, including the measurement of pediatric obesity, rational drug dosing in obese children, and recent data on bariatric outcomes in adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: Pediatric obesity is associated with a number of relevant comorbidities that impact anesthesia care, and specific children are at particularly high risk...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Justine Avez-Couturier, Julien De Jonckheere, Mathieu Jeanne, Louis Vallée, Jean M Cuisset, Régis Logier
OBJECTIVES: The Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI), based on heart rate variability analysis, is known to decrease after a painful stimulus during surgery under general anesthesia in adults. It is measured continuously and noninvasively. We studied ANI response to procedural pain in a pediatric population and ANI measurement's feasibility in this context, across age. METHODS: A prospective, noninterventional pilot study was performed. All children (between 6 mo and under 18 y) undergoing muscle biopsy conducted under analgesia and light sedation were included...
February 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Matthew J Goldstein, Nima Kabirian, Jeff B Pawelek, Navid R Arandi, Gregory M Mundis, Burt Yaszay, Peter O Newton, Behrooz A Akbarnia
BACKGROUND: Growing rod (GR) treatment for early-onset scoliosis requires repeated anesthesia exposure (AE). At a minimum, GR treatment requires AE for diagnostic imaging, index GR surgery, periodic lengthenings, and final fusion. Adjunct procedures and complication-related procedures also increase AE. To our knowledge, this is the first study to quantify AE in GR treatment and to establish preoperative expectations. METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of 16 patients who completed GR treatment and underwent final fusion...
February 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
James L Pace, Adam Y Nasreddine, Michael Simoni, David Zurakowski, Mininder S Kocher
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the indications and outcomes of dynamic splinting (DS) of the arthrofibrotic knee in the pediatric population. METHODS: Seventy-four patients (41 males, 33 females) with postoperative arthrofibrosis treated with DS after an index knee surgery were reviewed. Median age was 13 years (range, 4 to 18 y), and median follow-up was 17 months (interquartile range, 10 to 28 mo). Demographics, index surgery procedure, preoperative and postoperative knee range of motion (ROM) measurements, treatment length and subsequent need for manipulation under anesthesia (MUA), and surgical lysis of adhesions (LOA) were evaluated...
February 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
J Z Liu, J Zhao, Y J Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of the jaw thrust and the trapezius squeezing test(TST) for laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion in infants and children under sevoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: A total of 100 children aged from 6 month to 3 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA) Ⅰ-Ⅱ and undergoing minor operation were enrolled from January to June 2015 in Tianjin Children's Hospital. The patients were randomly divided into jaw thrusting group (Group J, n=50)and trapezius squeezing group(Group T, n=50)...
February 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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