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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#1
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614554/-effect-of-foam-sclerotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-oropharyngeal-venous-malformation
#2
C Q Niu, H Jiang, S Y Zhou, G Shen, H B Li, J Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of foam sclerotherapy with polidocanol for the treatment of venous malformation in the oropharynx. Methods: The clinical data of 21 children with venous malformation in the oropharynx treated by foam sclerotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. There were 10 males and 11 females, ranging in age from 1 month to 13 years, with a median age of 2.3 years. MRI was performed in all children, and the diagnosis was further confirmed by radiography. After general anesthesia, the oropharynx was exposed by opening device...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509264/efficacy-of-inhalational-sevoflurane-anesthesia-induction-on-inhibiting-the-stress-response-to-endotracheal-intubation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#3
C-H Wang, J Luo, J Li, J-Z Zhang, S-Y Huang, W Shao, H-S Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of inhalational sevoflurane anesthesia induction on inhibiting the stress response to endotracheal intubation in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty ASA physical status I/II pediatric patients scheduled for interventricular septal defect repair or interatrial septal defect repair, were randomly divided into two groups (20 each): intravenous induction group (Group C) and inhalational sevoflurane anesthesia induction group (Group D)...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372504/predictors-of-pre-operative-anxiety-in-indian-children
#4
Ritu Malik, Sandhya Yaddanpudi, Nidhi Bidyut Panda, Adarsh Kohli, Preethy J Mathew
OBJECTIVE: To identify the predictors of pre-operative anxiety in school-going children in India. METHODS: A prospective observational study was done at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Children aged 7-12 y scheduled for elective surgery and their parents were enrolled. Pre-operative anxiety in children and parents was assessed using STAI-C and STAI-P questionnaires respectively. The child's anxiety in pre-op room, at the time of parental separation and induction of anesthesia were assessed using m-YPAS scale...
January 25, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341336/identification-of-perioperative-pulmonary-aspiration-in-children-using-quality-assurance-and-hospital-administrative-billing-data
#5
Lisa Eisler, Grace Huang, Ka-Eun M Lee, Jennifer A Busse, Ming Sun, Albert Y Lin, Lena S Sun, Caleb Ing
BACKGROUND: Perioperative aspiration is a rare but potentially devastating complication, occurring in 1-10 per 10 000 anesthetics based on studies of quality assurance databases. Quality assurance reporting is known to underestimate the incidence of adverse outcomes, but few large studies use supplementary data sources. This study aims to identify the incidence of and risk factors for perioperative aspiration in children using quality assurance data supplemented by administrative billing records, and to examine the utility of billing data as a supplementary data source...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335049/dental-treatment-and-expenditures-under-general-anesthesia-among-medicaid-enrolled-children-in-north-carolina
#6
Beau D Meyer, Jessica Y Lee, Mark W Casey
PURPOSE: Many studies reporting dental utilization under general anesthesia (GA) are dated. The purpose of this study was to provide contemporaneous data about children receiving dental GA by: (1) determining trends in utilization and associated expenditures; and (2) examining the effects of provider distribution. METHODS: This time series cross-sectional study of Medicaid-eligible children ages zero to eight years old in North Carolina used aggregate Medicaid claims from State Fiscal Years (SFY) 2011 to 2015 to collect demographic and dental treatment information...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325381/-longterm-surgery-outcome-of-m%C3%A3-bius-syndrome
#7
J Cen, X L Kang, J Yu, L Y Dong, Y Wei, K X Zhao
Objective: To investigate clinical features and the long-term surgery results of Möbius syndrome patients. Methods: This investigation presents a retrospective study of Möbius syndrome in 7 children we found since 2009. All 7 patients had MRI scan, ocular alignment in primary position, the limitation of versions and ductions and forced duction under general anesthesia. Early surgery is done to the 7 esotropia children. The pre-operative and post-operative outcomes, including the ocular alignment, deviation measurements and ocular rotations, were evaluated and compared...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221922/pediatric-percutaneous-nephrostomy-a-multicenter-experience
#8
Sphoorti Shellikeri, Robert Daulton, Madeleine Sertic, Bairbre Connolly, Mark Hogan, Francis Marshalleck, Anne Marie Cahill
PURPOSE: To analyze technique, outcomes, and complications of a large series of pediatric percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) procedures performed at 4 tertiary pediatric centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study of PCNs performed during an 11-year period. Six hundred seventy-five PCNs were performed on 441 patients (median age: 4 y, range: 1 d-18 y, median weight: 17 kg, range: 0.7-112 kg); 31% were younger than 1 year. The most frequent indications for PCN procedures included hydronephrosis (57%), calculus (14%), and infection (12%)...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165753/clinical-research-on-airway-intervention-before-tracheal-extubation-after-general-anesthesia-on-snoring-children
#9
Q Yang, Z-H Liu, Y-L Chang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the method and the effect of airway intervention before tracheal extubation in post-anesthesia cure unit (PACU) after anesthesia when removing the tonsil under general anesthesia and adenoidectomy under nasal endoscope on children with snoring. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 46 cases diagnosed as snoring were executively selected in this study. The cases were randomly divided into the control group (n = 22) and the observation group (n = 24). For airway intervention after general anesthesia during the recovery period, the control group was treated with intravenous injection of 0...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068040/electrophysiological-effects-of-desflurane-in-children-with-wolff-parkinson-white-syndrome-a-randomized-crossover-study
#10
H Hino, Y Oda, Y Yoshida, T Suzuki, M Shimada, K Nishikawa
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that, compared with propofol, desflurane prolongs the antegrade accessory pathway effective refractory period (APERP) in children undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation for Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. METHODS: In this randomized crossover study, children aged 4.1-16.1 years undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation for WPW syndrome were randomly divided into four groups according to the concentration of desflurane and anesthetics used in the first and the second electrophysiological studies (EPS)...
February 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063598/insertion-methods-comparison-for-the-streamlined-liner-of-the-pharynx-airway-in-children-by-novice
#11
Y Chen, J Bai, R Wang
BACKGROUND: The Streamlined Liner of the Pharynx Airway (SLIPA™) is a popular supraglottic airway device used for pediatric anesthesia. However, based on the anatomical features of pediatric patients, novice residents are expected to have difficulties inserting the device. The objective of this work was to improve the SLIPA insertion by modifying the device. METHODS: A total of 134 children were randomized into two groups. Anesthesia was standardized among all patients except for the way in which the SLIPA was inserted...
March 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045961/-effects-of-recent-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-on-incidence-of-the-perioperative-respiratory-adverse-events-in-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
C Q Li, D X Wang, T Cheng, X Y Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the recent upper respiratory tract infections (URI) on the incidence of perioperative respiratory adverse events in children scheduled to undergo general anesthesia and elective surgery. METHODS: In the study, 232 children undergoing general anesthesia with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for elective ophthalmic surgeries at Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China, from Nov. 1, 2015 to May 10, 2016 were enrolled. On the day of the surgery, the parents of the children were preoperatively asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding the baseline characteristics and medical history of the children, including gender, age, height, weight, history of URI within the last 2 weeks before anesthesia, history of premature, long-term passive smoking exposure, habitual sleep snoring, and history of asthma...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040026/a-comparison-of-the-success-rates-of-endoscopic-assisted-probing-in-the-treatment-of-membranous-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-between-younger-and-older-children-and-its-correlation-with-the-thickness-of-the-membrane-at-the-valve-of-hasner
#13
Nishi Gupta, Chawla Neeraj, Bansal Smriti, Das Sima
Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) remains the most common cause of epiphora in infants. This retrospective study compares the success rate of nasal endoscopic-assisted probing between younger (3 years and below) and older (above 3 years) children with membranous CNLDO and its correlation with the thickness of the membrane at the valve of Hasner. Case records of a total of 38 eyes in 34 children with membranous CNLDO who underwent endoscopic nasolacrimal duct probing and irrigation under general anesthesia were analyzed...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837436/are-anesthesia-and-surgery-during-infancy-associated-with-decreased-white-matter-integrity-and-volume-during-childhood
#14
Robert I Block, Vincent A Magnotta, Emine O Bayman, James Y Choi, Joss J Thomas, Karolie K Kimble
BACKGROUND: Anesthetics have neurotoxic effects in neonatal animals. Relevant human evidence is limited. We sought such evidence in a structural neuroimaging study. METHODS: Two groups of children underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging: patients who, during infancy, had one of four operations commonly performed in otherwise healthy children and comparable, nonexposed control subjects. Total and regional brain tissue composition and volume, as well as regional indicators of white matter integrity (fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity), were analyzed...
November 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835058/-effection-of-combining-dexmedetomidine-with-lidocaine-cream-on-response-to-tracheal-extubation-in-pediatric-tonsillectomy
#15
Y Li, L J Xu, Y B Wang
Objective: To evaluate the effects of combining dexmedetomidine with lidocaine cream on extubation reaction in pediatric tonsillectomy. Methods: Eighty children scheduled for tonsillectomy from January to June 2016 in the Lanzhou University Second Hospital, were randomly divided into group C (controll group), group D (dexmedetomidine group), group L (lidocaine cream group)and group R (combing dexmedetomidine with lidocaine group) by digital random table method (n=20). In group D and R, dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg was injected intravenously after general anesthesia induction, and the same volume of normal saline was given in group L and C...
August 22, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687405/colonization-with-19f-and-other-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-serotypes-in-children-in-st-louis-missouri-usa
#16
Michelle McFarland, Taylor P Szasz, Julie Y Zhou, Kara Motley, Janardan S Sivapalan, Megan Isaacson-Schmid, Elizabeth M Todd, Patrick G Hogan, Stephanie A Fritz, Carey-Ann D Burnham, Steen Hoffmann, Sharon Celeste Morley
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of nasopharyngeal (NP) pneumococcal carriage varies with geography and has changed in response to pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV): a low prevalence (3% or less of colonizing isolates) of colonization by vaccine-type (VT) pneumococcal serotypes after PCV introduction has been reported. The primary goal of this study was to determine the VT serotype prevalence of NP pneumococcal colonization of children residing in the St. Louis, MO, USA metropolitan area following introduction of the 13-valent PCV in 2010...
August 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347727/a-novel-method-for-examining-corneal-endothelial-cell-morphology-in-infants
#17
Sohaib R Rufai, Nicole Y Tan, Ramez Barbara, Rachael Hartrey, Jay E Self
Previous studies have suggested that central corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) decreases from 6,100 cells/mm(2) in neonates to 3,100 cells/mm(2) in 10-year-olds. Currently data on ECD in young children as well as the trend for ECD decrease during childhood is sparse because of the difficulty of examination using existing clinic-based specular microscopes. We developed a novel method of imaging young children intraoperatively with the goal of beginning to establish age-specific normative data for ECD and hexagonality of cells (%HEX)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253584/-comparison-of-long-term-dental-treatment-effects-of-children-treated-under-general-anesthesia-and-passive-restraint
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
F Zhou, B Xia, S Zhang, W L Ma, Y M Xiao, L H Ge
Objective: To compare the long-term dental treatment effects, oral health habits and oral-health-related qualities of life of children treated under general anesthesia (GA) and passive restraint (PR), respectively. Methods: Twenty seven 2 to 4-year-old children treated under GA and thirty four children treated under PR were recruited in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Up to 2 years after the treatment, a follow up assessment was conducted. The data of general information, dental plaque level and the unplanned treatments were recorded and analyzed...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219129/-effects-of-sevoflurane-and-desflurane-on-pharmacodynamics-of-rocuronium-in-children
#19
D X Kang, Y Q Rao, B Ji, J Li
Objective: To observe the intraoperative influences on pharmacodynamics of rocuronium in children inhaling sevoflurane and desflurane for 40 min balance. Methods: Ninety children (ASAⅠ-Ⅱ) undergoing elective surgery with general anesthesia in Second Affiliated Hospital & Yuying Children's Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University from July 2015 to May 2016 were randomly assigned into six groups (n=15): Sevoflurane group (group S1 and S2), Desflurane group (group D1 and D2) and Propofol group (group P1 and P2)...
February 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162162/-application-of-ultrasound-guidance-for-fascia-iliaca-compartment-block-in-pediatric-femoral-surgery
#20
Y Nan, Q Q Yang, X W Li, T Li, J Li
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound guidance for fascia iliaca compartment block in pediatric femoral surgery. Methods: This study was a prospective study, thirty children who were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) statusⅠ with 5-10 years old scheduled for femoral surgery were selected in orthopedics department in Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from May to December in 2014. After induction of general anesthesia, all the children were inserted the laryngeal mask...
January 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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