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Fistula laryngectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520896/laser-assisted-indocyanine-green-dye-angiography-for-postoperative-fistulas-after-salvage-laryngectomy
#1
Erin J Partington, Lindsay S Moore, Russel Kahmke, Jason M Warram, William Carroll, Eben L Rosenthal, Benjamin J Greene
Importance: Pharyngocutaneous fistula formation is an unfortunate complication after salvage laryngectomy for head and neck cancer that is difficult to anticipate and related to a variety of factors, including the viability of native pharyngeal mucosa. Objective: To examine whether noninvasive angiography with indocyanine green (ICG) dye can be used to evaluate native pharyngeal vascularity to anticipate pharyngocutaneous fistula development. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 37 patients enrolled from June 1, 2013, to June 1, 2016, and follow-up was for at least 1 month postoperatively...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508179/sternocleidomastoid-flap-augmentation-of-the-pharyngeal-closure-after-total-laryngectomy
#2
Sherif Gabr Ibrahim, Basim Metwally Wahba, Ahmed Mahmoud Elbatawi, Ahmad Mohamed Eltelety
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of sternocleidomastoid (SCM) flap augmentation of the pharyngeal closure after total laryngectomy on the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF). Thirty patients with T4a laryngeal carcinoma and none of them receiving primary radiotherapy previously were divided into two equal groups. Group A patients had SCM flap augmentation of the pharyngeal closure after total laryngectomy. Group B patients had the standard pharyngeal closure without augmentation...
May 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506450/utility-and-versatility-of-the-supraclavicular-artery-island-flap-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction
#3
José A González-García, Carlos M Chiesa-Estomba, Jon A Sistiaga, Ekhiñe Larruscain, Leire Álvarez, Xabier Altuna
INTRODUCTION: The supraclavicular island flap is a rotational pedicled flap and may have some advantages in head and neck reconstruction compared with free-tissue transfer when this kind of reconstruction is not affordable or recommended. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present our experience during the year 2016 in the application of the supraclavicular island flap in five cases as an alternative to microvascular reconstruction in several defects after resection of head and neck tumours...
May 12, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487041/comparison-of-pharyngocutaneous-fistula-closure-with-and-without-bacterial-cellulose-in-a-rat-model
#4
Berat Demir, Murat Sarı, Adem Binnetoglu, Ali Cemal Yumusakhuylu, Deniz Filinte, İshak Özel Tekin, Tekin Bağlam, Abdullah Çağlar Batman
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to compare the effects of bacterial cellulose used for closure of pharyngocutaneous fistulae, a complication of total laryngectomy, with those of primary sutures in a rat model. METHODS: Thirty female Sprague-Dawley underwent experimental pharyngoesophagotomy and were grouped depending on the material used for pharyngocutaneous fistula closure: group I, which received primary sutures alone, group II, which received bacterial cellulose alone; and group III, which received both...
May 6, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448668/prognostic-indication-of-sarcopenia-for-wound-complication-after-total-laryngectomy
#5
Virginie Achim, Jasper Bash, Alia Mowery, Alexander R Guimaraes, Ryan Li, Josh Schindler, Mark Wax, Peter Andersen, Daniel Clayburgh
Importance: Postoperative wound complications after total laryngectomy (TL) increase hospital stay, costs, and delay adjuvant therapy when indicated. Recently, sarcopenia has been identified as a predictor of postoperative complications in patients undergoing major surgery but has not been assessed in head and neck surgery patients. Objective: To determine the incidence of sarcopenia in patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) undergoing TL and evaluate its association with the development of postoperative wound complications...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328600/management-of-pharyngocutaneous-fistula-with-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#6
Sérgio Teixeira, Joana Costa, Isabel Bartosch, Bernardo Correia, Álvaro Silva
BACKGROUND: Pharyngocutaneous fistula is a common complication of laryngopharyngeal surgery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Beyond the classical management, negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) can be an alternative and effective treatment. CLINICAL REPORT: Two patients with pT3N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma of pyriform sinus were subjected to total laryngectomy and pharyngoesophageal reconstruction of a circular (patient 1) and an anterior wall defect (patient 2) with radial forearm free flap and pectoralis major muscle flap, respectively...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295658/successful-closure-of-post-tracheostomy-large-chronic-trachea-esophageal-fistula-with-new-over-the-scope-clip
#7
P Rai, R Bhargava
Acquired tracheo-esophageal fistula mostly occurs secondary to malignancy, infection, ruptured diverticula, and injuries.(1) Among the benign conditions, prolonged mechanical ventilation is the most common (47%), followed by injury (17%), prior laryngectomy (17%), and prior esophagostomy (17%).(2) A 19 y male had a road traffic accident and was managed in an intensive care unit with ventilator support and had tracheostomy for 20 days. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 10, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196713/acellular-dermal-graft-pharyngeal-repair-augmentation-after-laryngectomy
#8
Patrik Pipkorn, Parul Sinha, Joseph Zenga, Evan Graboyes, Bruce H Haughey
PURPOSE: Pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) after laryngectomy continues to be a serious complication, especially after radiation. Recruitment of non-radiated tissue into the surgical defect may decrease the risk of fistula. These techniques however have significant morbidity and increases operative time. We hypothesized that using acellular dermal graft to reinforce the pharyngeal closure could decrease the risk of fistula, without the added morbidity of a vascularized flap. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients that underwent a laryngectomy between 2005 and 2015 at an acedemic tertiary referral center...
February 2, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122791/repair-of-challenging-non-malignant-tracheo-or-broncho-oesophageal-fistulas-by-extrathoracic-muscle-flaps
#9
Petra Rosskopfova, Jean Yannis Perentes, Markus Schäfer, Thorsten Krueger, Alban Lovis, Gian Dorta, Moira Baeriswyl, Hans-Beat Ris, Michel Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of complex, acquired, non-malignant tracheo/broncho-oesophageal fistulas (TEF) repaired by extrathoracic pedicled muscle flaps that were, in addition to their interposition between the airways and the gastro-intestinal tract, patched into gastro-intestinal or airway defects if primary closure seemed risky. METHODS: A single institution experience of patients treated between 2003 and 2015. Twenty-two patients required TEF repair following oesophageal surgery (18), Boerhaave syndrome (1), chemotherapy for mediastinal lymphoma (1), carinal resection and irradiation (1) and laryngectomy (1); 64% of them underwent prior radio- or chemotherapy and 50% prior airway or oesophageal stenting...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026864/complications-hospital-length-of-stay-and-readmission-after-total-laryngectomy
#10
Ryan P Goepfert, Katherine A Hutcheson, Jan S Lewin, Neha G Desai, Mark E Zafereo, Amy C Hessel, Carol M Lewis, Randal S Weber, Neil D Gross
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the 30-day incidence of complications after total laryngectomy (TL) in a high-volume institution and their impact on the hospital length of stay (LOS) and readmission rates. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent TL at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center from January 1, 2010 through June 30, 2013 was conducted. The patient demographics, treatment history, LOS, and 30-day post-TL complications and readmissions were extracted from the medical record...
May 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011997/do-salivary-bypass-tubes-lower-the-incidence-of-pharyngocutaneous-fistula-following-total-laryngectomy-a-retrospective-analysis-of-predictive-factors-using-multivariate-analysis
#11
Robert W A Hone, Eqramur Rahman, Gentle Wong, Yvette Annan, Victoria Alexander, Ali Al-Lami, Kiran Varadharajan, Michael Parker, Ricard Simo, Lisa Pitkin, Alasdair Mace, Enyinnaya Ofo, Alistair Balfour, Iain J Nixon
Salivary bypass tubes (SBT) are increasingly used to prevent pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) following laryngectomy and pharyngolaryngectomy. There is minimal evidence as to their efficacy and literature is limited. The aim of the study was to determine if SBT prevent PCF. The study was a multicentre retrospective case control series (level of evidence 3b). Patients who underwent laryngectomy or pharyngolaryngectomy for cancer or following cancer treatment between 2011 and 2014 were included in the study...
April 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005774/a-simple-closure-technic-for-tracheoesophageal-puncture-failures
#12
Ahmet Mutlu, Sinem Dasli, Murat Ozturk, Murat Topdag
Tracheosephageal puncture is the one of the most favorable methods, and widely used by physicians for voice reconstruction after total laryngectomy. Intractable leakages from the tracheosephageal punctures are the most common complication, and management of these fistulas is still troublesome for the patients and physicians. Local surgical sutures, rotational flaps, injections are reported previously, but in this report the authors aimed to mention on a very simple method with silicone septal button. Insertion of a temporary silicone septal button may be well tolerated by patients and can help to manage this complication easily on exact indications...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000237/predictors-of-length-of-stay-reoperation-and-readmission-following-total-laryngectomy
#13
Samuel N Helman, Jason A Brant, Sami P Moubayed, Jason G Newman, Steven B Cannady, Raymond L Chai
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To identify relevant patient and surgical risk factors associated with prolonged length of stay, return to the operating room, and readmission within 30 days following total laryngectomy using the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database study. Patients undergoing total laryngectomy alone for laryngeal cancer were identified from the ACS-NSQIP database from 2005 to 2014. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors for prolonged length of stay, readmissions, and unplanned reoperations within 30 days...
December 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916282/repair-of-complex-pharyngocutaneous-fistula-using-a-staged-temporoparietal-fascial-flap
#14
Nicholas B Abt, Priya Srikanth, Sidharth V Puram, Daniel G Deschler
INTRODUCTION: PCF is the most common major complication after salvage total laryngectomy (TL), especially for previously irradiated patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer. METHODS/RESULTS: A 65-year-old woman presented with recurrent bilateral supraglottic SCC requiring salvage TL 5.5years after initial T1N0M0 epiglottic SCC resection. Her post-operative course was complicated by PCF development one month post-operatively and surgical fistula closure was delayed for adjuvant chemoradiotherapy...
March 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893554/stapler-esophageal-closure-during-total-laryngectomy
#15
Onur Ismi, Murat Unal, Yusuf Vayisoglu, Mesut Yesilova, Ilter Helvaci, Kemal Gorur, Cengiz Ozcan
Mechanical esophageal closure with stapler during total laryngectomy has been used by various authors to decrease the surgical time and pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) rates. In a few of the studies, surgical site infection (SSI) rates are mentioned and none of the studies emphasize the effect of decreased surgical time on postoperative cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications. In this study, the authors compared the PCF rates, SSI rates, operation times between 30 mechanical stapler and 40 manual esophageal closure during total laryngectomy for laryngeal cancer patients...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882709/using-a-tracheal-stent-for-conservative-management-of-speaking-valve-associated-tracheo-oesophageal-fistula
#16
M Cunnane, S Patil, R Sothinathan, D Walker, M Gaulton, L Pitkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833247/malignant-tumors-of-the-larynx-clinicopathologic-profile-and-implication-for-late-disease-presentation
#17
Ayotunde James Fasunla, Oluwole Agboola Ogundoyin, Paul Adekunle Onakoya, Onyekwere George Nwaorgu
BACKGROUND: Malignant laryngeal tumors are uncommon. Late presentation of the disease may worsen management outcomes. We described the epidemiologic, clinicopathologic profile, and management outcomes of laryngeal tumors in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An 11-year retrospective review of medical records of patients managed for malignant laryngeal tumor at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, was performed. RESULTS: There were 97 patients comprising 74 (76...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704666/versatility-of-the-facial-artery-myomucosal-island-flap-in-neopharyngeal-reconstruction
#18
Thomas Frisch
BACKGROUND: The facial artery myomucosal (FAMM) island flap is a cheek flap, pedicled on the facial artery and suitable for small to medium-sized reconstructions of the oral cavity and neighboring areas. A novel transposition of the flap to the hypopharynx after laryngectomy is presented in this report. METHODS: A 58-year-old man, previously irradiated, was laryngopharyngectomized because of a new supraglottic carcinoma. An unexpected need for a flap was solved by tunneling a FAMM island flap lateral to the mandible...
February 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546171/outcomes-of-mechanical-stapling-for-postlaryngectomy-open-pharyngotomy-closure
#19
Paul Paddle, Inna Husain, Lauren McHugh, Ramon Franco
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: A total laryngectomy (TL) is performed as a primary or salvage therapy for laryngeal carcinoma. Pharyngotomy closure after TL is typically performed using manual sutures. Automatic stapling devices are routinely used in thoracoabdominal surgery, but have not been widely accepted for use in pharyngotomy closure. Previously described closed stapling techniques of pharyngeal closure do not allow direct evaluation of surgical margins and are limited to endolaryngeal disease...
August 22, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499210/role-of-the-pectoralis-major-myofascial-flap-in-preventing-pharyngocutaneous-fistula-following-salvage-laryngectomy
#20
S Sharma, D A Chaukar, S G Laskar, N Kapre, A Deshmukh, P Pai, P Chaturvedi, A D'Cruz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the utility of onlay pectoralis major myofascial flap in preventing pharyngocutaneous fistula following salvage total laryngectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 172 patients who underwent salvage laryngectomy for recurrent carcinoma of the larynx or hypopharynx between 1999 and 2014. One hundred and ten patients underwent primary closure and 62 patients had pectoralis major myofascial flap onlay. RESULTS: The overall pharyngocutaneous fistula rate was 43 per cent, and was similar in both groups (primary closure group, 43...
September 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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