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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526592/photodynamic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-vulvar-lichen-sclerosus
#1
Agnieszka Maździarz, Beata Osuch, Magdalena Kowalska, Agnieszka Nalewczyńska, Beata Śpiewankiewicz
BACKGROUND: Vulvar lichen sclerosus is a chronic and incurable disease that causes various unpleasant symptoms and serious consequences. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy in the treatment of vulvar lichen sclerosus. METHODS: Participants in the study included 102 female patients aged 19-85 suffer from vulvar lichen sclerosus. The patients underwent photodynamic therapy (PDT). In the course of PDT the 5% 5- aminolevulinic acid was used in gel form...
May 16, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523836/a-case-series-of-verrucae-vulgares-mimicking-hyperkeratosis-in-individuals-with-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#2
D R Quast, M A Nauck, F G Bechara, J J Meier
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcers are a common complication in the advanced stages of diabetes mellitus. Certain lesions may be refractory to usual treatments with prolonged healing. In these cases, differential diagnoses to classical ulcers should be considered. Although plantar warts are a common and easy-to-diagnose finding in the general population, diagnosis can be challenging in people with diabetic foot ulcers, as they mimic hyperkeratosis in these people. CASE REPORT: We report seven cases of people with diabetic foot ulcers and verrucae vulgares mimicking treatment-refractory hyperkeratosis, presenting to our centre between 2014 and 2016...
May 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512402/unilateral-linear-punctate-palmoplantar-keratoderma-a-case-report
#3
Chanisa Kiatsurayanon, Jinda Rojanamatin, Poonawis Sudtikoonaseth, Kowit Kampirapap, Mingkwan Wichaidit, François Niyonsaba
Punctate palmoplantar keratoderma (PPPK) is a rare entity with an estimated prevalence rate of 1.17/100,000. PPPK usually presents with bilateral asymptomatic, tiny, hyperkeratotic punctate papules and plaques on the palmoplantar surface. Among the PPPK varieties, the linear presentation is much rarer, and so far there have been only 3 case reports. Here, we report the case of a 27-year-old female Thai patient who presented to our outpatient clinic with unilateral asymptomatic linear thickening lesions on her right sole since childhood...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503988/the-usefulness-of-narrow-band-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-vocal-fold-leukoplakia
#4
Fang Huang, Jinchao Yu, Fan Zhang, Changding He, Shimin Li, Jun Shao
OBJECTIVE: This research was aimed to explore the efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) on distinguishing the degree of dysplasia of vocal fold leukoplakia. METHODS: Patients were examined by flexible endoscopy, under white light endoscopy (WLE) and NBI. 78 lesions were divided into two groups according to the NBI classification. Group 1: non-dysplasia (ND), including squamous hyperplasia with hyperkeratosis or parakeratosis; Group 2: squamous hyperplasia with mild or moderate dysplasia (MD) or severe dysplasia (SD), or carcinoma in situ (CIS)...
May 14, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501764/open-label-multicentre-safety-study-of-vemurafenib-in%C3%A2-3219-patients-with-braf-v600-mutation-positive-metastatic-melanoma-2-year-follow-up-data-and-long-term-responders-analysis
#5
Christian U Blank, James Larkin, Ana M Arance, Axel Hauschild, Paola Queirolo, Michele Del Vecchio, Paolo A Ascierto, Ivana Krajsova, Jacob Schachter, Bart Neyns, Claus Garbe, Vanna Chiarion Sileni, Mario Mandalà, Helen Gogas, Enrique Espinosa, Geke A P Hospers, Wilson H Miller, Susan Robson, Martina Makrutzki, Vladan Antic, Michael P Brown
BACKGROUND: The orally available BRAF kinase inhibitor vemurafenib is an effective and tolerable treatment option for patients with metastatic melanoma harbouring BRAF(V600) mutations. We assessed the safety of vemurafenib in a large population of patients with few alternative treatment options; we report updated 2-year safety. METHODS: This was an open-label, multicentre study of vemurafenib (960 mg bid) in patients with previously treated or untreated BRAF mutation-positive metastatic melanoma (cobas(®) 4800 BRAF V600 Mutation Test)...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490040/individualized-plastic-reconstruction-strategy-for-patients-with-ectodermal-dysplasia-syndrome
#6
Yikang Hou, Yunbo Jin, Xiaoxi Lin, Gang Chai, Yan Zhang, Zuoliang Qi
Ectodermal dysplasia syndrome is a hereditary disease of ectodermal origin. Appearances of nail dystrophy, alopecia or hypotrichosis, saddle nose deformity, and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis are usually associated with a lack of sweat glands as well as partial or complete absence of teeth. These manifestations are usually corrected only with oral rehabilitation by mounting dentures. In this study, plastic rehabilitation was developed to correct the special features of patients with ectodermal dysplasia. Four men and 1 woman with ectodermal dysplasia syndrome were treated...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482347/dermoscopy-of-subungual-exostosis-a-retrospective-study-of-10-patients
#7
Vincenzo Piccolo, Giuseppe Argenziano, Aurora M Alessandrini, Teresa Russo, Michela Starace, Bianca Maria Piraccini
INTRODUCTION: Subungual exostosis (SE), the most common nail tumor of young adults, is a benign bony proliferation of the distal phalanx occurring beneath the nail. Misdiagnosis or late diagnosis frequently occurs and no dermoscopy features of this tumor were previously outlined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To describe the dermoscopic appearance of SE, 10 patients with radiologically and histologically confirmed SE were retrospectively retrieved from our tertiary referral centers...
May 9, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462859/exfoliative-erythroderma-and-palmoplantar-hyperkeratosis-associated-with-majocchi-s-granuloma-by-trichophyton-tonsurans-in-a-patient-with-aids
#8
Marcelo R Lyra, Bruna Muniz Álvarez, Andrea L Lanziano, Maria Auxiliadora A Imbeth, Adriana M Sá, Tullia Cuzzi, Jeferson C Oliveira, Armando O Schubach
BACKGROUND: Dermatophytoses are skin superficial mycoses in which clinical manifestations are directly related to the virulence of the infecting microorganism or the host immunity. CASE REPORT: We describe a severe case of dermatophytosis associated with exfoliative erythroderma, substantial palmoplantar keratoderma, onychodystrophy affecting all nails, diffuse non-scarring alopecia and tissue fungal invasion by Trichophyton tonsurans, which led us to the diagnosis of AIDS...
April 24, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453323/the-management-and-treatment-of-hyperkeratosis
#9
Rebecca Elwell
Rebecca Elwell, Macmillan Lymphoedema Advanced Nurse Practitioner, Royal Stoke University Hospital, discusses recommendations on management of this skin problem, which may co-occur with chronic oedema.
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425240/oral-lichen-planus-a-4-year-clinical-follow-up-study
#10
Arūnas Rimkevičius, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Alina Pūrienė, Dmitrij Šeinin, Rūta Rastenienė
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to examine oral lichen planus (OLP) cases histopathologically and cytologically, describe different clinical aspects of OLP manifestations, and associate different OLP clinical forms with self-reported oral health and with local and systemic risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with a referral diagnosis of OLP received biopsies. The histological evaluation assessed infiltration with lymphocytes, epithelial hyperplasia, and hyperkeratosis...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423989/outbreaks-of-bovine-herpesvirus-2-infections-in-calves-causing-ear-and-facial-skin-lesions
#11
Tatiane Terumi Negrão Watanabe, Robert B Moeller, Beate M Crossley, Patricia C Blanchard
We describe 3 outbreaks of superficial dermatitis caused by bovine herpesvirus 2 (BoHV-2) in dairy breed calves. Clinically, all of the affected calves were 12-26 d of age, had alopecia and crusts on the face and ears, and were non-pruritic and afebrile. Affected animals recovered spontaneously without any treatment within 2-4 wk after onset of clinical signs based on 1 herd with follow up. Histologic examination of all skin crust or tissue samples identified neutrophilic inflammation, mild hyperkeratosis, multinucleate syncytial cells, and intranuclear inclusion bodies in the syncytial cells...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412260/is-oral-biopsy-associated-with-change-in-tobacco-or-alcohol-use
#12
Tiffany M Peters, Ceib Phillips, Valerie A Murrah
PURPOSE: Tobacco and alcohol remain the predominant risk factors for oral cancer, but the relation between having an oral biopsy examination and cessation of these risk factors is unknown. Therefore, this investigation examined whether there might be an association between oral biopsy examination and change in risk factor use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to a cohort consisting of a consecutive sample of patients identified in the University of North Carolina Oral Pathology database...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407984/review-allergic-contact-stomatitis
#13
REVIEW
Liviu Feller, Neil Hamilton Wood, Razia Abdool Gafaar Khammissa, Johan Lemmer
Allergic contact stomatitis (ACS) is an oral mucosal immunoinflammatory disorder variably characterized clinically by erythematous plaques, vesiculation, ulceration, and/or hyperkeratosis and by pain, burning sensation, or itchiness. ACS is brought about by a T cell-mediated, delayed hypersensitivity immune reaction generated by a second or subsequent contact exposure of an allergen with the oral mucosa, in a genetically susceptible, sensitized subject. Lichenoid contact reaction is a variant of ACS brought about by direct contact with the oral mucosa of certain metals in dental restorations...
May 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406530/pseudoepitheliomatous-keratotic-and-micaceous-balanitis-treated-with-topical-5-fluorouracil-and-liquid-nitrogen
#14
K J L Choo, S K Ng, C S Sim, S W N Cheng
Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis (PKMB) is an uncommon premalignant condition involving the glans penis. We report the case of an 86-year-old man who presented with phimosis and pain on retracting his foreskin. He had previously undergone circumcision, which revealed a hyperkeratotic plaque with thin mica-like scales involving his glans penis. Histology of the lesion showed hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, epidermal acanthosis and papillomatosis with no evidence of dysplasia. Immunohistochemistry for human papillomavirus was negative...
April 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398428/paraneoplastic-palmoplantar-keratoderma-secondary-to-metastatic-uterine-adenocarcinoma
#15
Joseph R Kallini, Khosro Sadeghani, Amor Khachemoune
Palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) is a dermatosis that presents as hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles. It may be acquired or heritable. Acquired PPK often occurs as a paraneoplastic response as well as a stigma of other dermatoses. We report a rare case of a 72-year-old woman with acquired PPK secondary to metastatic uterine adenocarcinoma. We also review other rare cases of cutaneous paraneoplasia secondary to uterine cancer and describe the salient features of acquired PPK. Acquired PPK most commonly presents as a paraneoplastic response to visceral malignancies that include localized esophageal, pulmonary, urinary/bladder, and gastric carcinomas, as well as myeloma...
March 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390133/histopathological-characterization-of-the-oral-lichenoid-disease-subtypes-and-the-relation-with-the-clinical-data
#16
J Alberdi-Navarro, X Marichalar-Mendia, M-J Lartitegui-Sebastián, M-L Gainza-Cirauqui, M-A Echebarria-Goikouria, J-M Aguirre-Urizar
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyze the histopathological characteristics of samples with a diagnosis of oral lichenoid disease (OLD) and their link with the location and the type of clinical lesion, and the clinicopathological subtypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study on 85 consecutive patients diagnosed with OLD (58 women and 27 men, mean age of 57.7 years). Clinical and histopathological characterization of each case (modified WHO criteria)...
May 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389987/-hiker-s-feet-a-novel-cutaneous-finding-in-the-inflammatory-myopathies
#17
REVIEW
Jacob T Cox, David M Gullotti, Christopher A Mecoli, Arash H Lahouti, Jemima Albayda, Julie Paik, Cheilonda Johnson, Sonye K Danoff, Andrew L Mammen, Lisa Christopher-Stine
Mechanic's hands is a well-characterized manifestation of select idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) syndromes. Less well characterized is the hyperkeratosis of the toes and plantar surface of the feet that can also accompany these disorders. We aim to describe common pedal signs in the context of IIM, and suggest that it may be another key feature in the presentation of these syndromes. A cohort of 2145 myositis patient charts gathered since 2003 were retrospectively reviewed using the key search terms "mechanic's feet" and/or "mechanic's foot...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386142/nail-psoriasis-what-a-rheumatologist-should-know-about
#18
REVIEW
Barbara Nieradko-Iwanicka
Psoriasis is a chronic recurrent inflammatory skin disease with prevalence of 1-3%. Nail psoriasis affects 10-90% of patients with plaque psoriasis. The aim of the article is to review the literature for the correlation between nail psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) to provide rheumatologists a short review on features of nail psoriasis, methods of their assessment and possible clinical repercussions. The PubMed database was searched using the key words 'nail psoriasis' and 'psoriatic arthritis'. Psoriasis involving the nail matrix shows up as changes such as pitting, Beau lines, leukonychia, red spots in the lunula, or nail plate crumbling...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374907/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-a-new-skin-care-regimen-on-skin-barrier-function-in-those-with-podoconiosis-in-ethiopia
#19
J Brooks, S J Ersser, F Cowdell, E Gardiner, A Mengistu, P J Matts
BACKGROUND: Podoconiosis affects an estimated 3 million people in Ethiopia with a further 19 million at risk. Volcanic soil and pathogens enter skin breaches in the feet causing inflammation, lymphoedema and hyperkeratosis. There is no robust evidence on optimal podoconiosis skin care regimens to improve SBF. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a new, low-cost, evidence-based intervention to improve SBF in the lower limbs of those with podoconiosis. METHODS: A randomized control trial (RCT) was conducted over 3 months in two podoconiosis clinics (n=193)...
April 4, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374436/acquired-elastotic-hemangioma-like-changes-and-eccrine-sweat-duct-squamous-metaplasia-in-lichen-simplex-chronicus-prurigo-nodularis-like-lesions-of-the-knee-and-elbow
#20
Denisa Kacerovska, Francesca Portelli, Michal Michal, Dmitry V Kazakov
BACKGROUND: So called "acquired elastotic hemangioma" (AEH) represents a peculiar vascular lesion affecting the sun-damaged skin of the extensor surface of the forearms or the lateral aspect of the neck of middle-aged or elderly women. METHODS: This is a clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study of a series of 6 lesions located on the knee or elbow showing epithelial features of lichen simplex chronicus (LSC)/prurigo nodularis (PN) with a marked subepidermal vascular proliferation closely resembling AEH...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
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