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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677924/strategies-for-effectively-documenting-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-in-electronic-health-record
#1
Julia Frangella, Carlos Otero, Daniel Luna
In this communication we identify strategies for effectively documenting Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Electronic Health Records. For this review a multidisciplinary group composed by three physicians, a nurse, an engineer and a lawyer analyzed the evidence in bibliography related to the topic and summarized the results. After analyzing the information, we summarized and classified them into three major topics: To request, to store and to display and access to the information. How to standardize those data and where data specifically will be populated in EHRs have not been answered yet...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668391/the-reflective-mind-examining-individual-differences-in-susceptibility-to-base-rate-neglect-with-fmri
#2
Oshin Vartanian, Erin L Beatty, Ingrid Smith, Kristen Blackler, Quan Lam, Sarah Forbes, Wim De Neys
Performance on heuristics and biases tasks has been shown to be susceptible to bias. In turn, susceptibility to bias varies as a function of individual differences in cognitive abilities (e.g., intelligence) and thinking styles (e.g., propensity for reflection). Using a classic task (i.e., lawyer-engineer problem), we conducted two experiments to examine the differential contributions of cognitive abilities versus thinking styles to performance. The results of Experiment 1 demonstrated that the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT)-a well-established measure of reflective thinking-predicted performance on conflict problems (where base rates and intuition point in opposite directions), whereas STM predicted performance on nonconflict problems...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649231/application-of-quality-by-design-for-3d-printed-bone-prostheses-and-scaffolds
#3
Daniel Martinez-Marquez, Ali Mirnajafizadeh, Christopher P Carty, Rodney A Stewart
3D printing is an emergent manufacturing technology recently being applied in the medical field for the development of custom bone prostheses and scaffolds. However, successful industry transformation to this new design and manufacturing approach requires technology integration, concurrent multi-disciplinary collaboration, and a robust quality management framework. This latter change enabler is the focus of this study. While a number of comprehensive quality frameworks have been developed in recent decades to ensure that the manufacturing of medical devices produces reliable products, they are centred on the traditional context of standardised manufacturing techniques...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629635/juror-decision-making-in-acquaintance-and-marital-rape-the-influence-of-clothing-alcohol-and-preexisting-stereotypical-attitudes
#4
Kirsty Osborn, Josh P Davis, Susan Button, John Foster
Stereotypical biases about women's roles in intimate relationships including their marital status and lifestyle choices such as clothing and alcohol use influence juror attributions of rape case defendant guilt, potentially reducing access to justice for victims. Across two mock-juror decision-making experiments, participants read identical fictitious sexual assault vignettes varying in intoxicated defendant-complainant relationship (married vs. acquaintance), accompanied by photographs of complainant clothing at the crime (body revealing vs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621866/elder-abuse
#5
Nola M Ries, Elise Mansfield
BACKGROUND: There are growing calls for elder abuse screening to be conducted by a range of community-based service providers, including general practitioners (GPs), practice nurses, home care workers and lawyers. Improved screening may be a valuable first step towards improving elder abuse detection and response; however, practitioners need evidence-based strategies for screening and follow-up. OBJECTIVE: This article summarises several brief screening tools for various forms of elder abuse...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610376/the-myriad-challenges-of-the-paris-agreement
#6
Dann Mitchell, Myles R Allen, Jim W Hall, Benito Muller, Lavanya Rajamani, Corinne Le Quéré
The much awaited and intensely negotiated Paris Agreement was adopted on 12 December 2015 by the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The agreement set out a more ambitious long-term temperature goal than many had anticipated, implying more stringent emissions reductions that have been under-explored by the research community. By its very nature a multidisciplinary challenge, filling the knowledge gap requires not only climate scientists, but the whole Earth system science community, as well as economists, engineers, lawyers, philosophers, politicians, emergency planners and others to step up...
May 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604201/discrepancies-in-the-evaluation-of-incapacity-for-work-in-a-patient-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-acquisita-between-public-pension-fund-and-occupational-medicine-expert-raise-the-issue-of-competencies
#7
Hrvoje Lalić
Abstrat A 50-year-old female patient suffering from a severe form of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) took legal action against the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute (CPII) in an attempt to overturn their assessment that she was no longer capable of working as a seamstress but still capable of doing administrative jobs. Her claim was that she was not capable of doing any job at all. She was first diagnosed EBA in 2000, and the disease progressed slowly with intermittent remissions. In 2012, skin erosions appeared on her feet, followed by the loss of all toenails and lesions and infiltrations on the tongue and oral mucosa...
March 1, 2018: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572250/the-role-of-medical-manslaughter-must-be-reconsidered-says-leading-lawyer
#8
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553455/teaching-in-conflict-contexts-dimensions-of-subjective-wellbeing-in-palestinian-teachers-living-in-israel-and-the-occupied-palestinian-territory
#9
Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Jamal Dagdouke, Shaher Yagi, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: Subjective wellbeing can be defined in terms of good mental state, including positive and negative evaluations that people make of their affect and lives. The aim of this study was to identify specific domains of wellbeing that are salient to Palestinian teachers living in three different contexts (West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Israel) and to map how components of subjective wellbeing vary between the three cohorts. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews of teachers participating in 16 focus groups and from 36 key informants (including psychologists, counsellors, school principals, lawyers)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517382/mapping-french-people-s-views-regarding-posthumous-reproduction
#10
Elodie Pajot, María Teresa Muñoz Sastre, Etienne Mullet
OBJECTIVE: The study mapped French people's views regarding the acceptability of posthumous reproduction. BACKGROUND: Posthumous reproduction - the use of a deceased person's gametes for procreative purposes -is a controversial procedure because it involves a series of ethical issues, namely the surviving partner's rights to procreation, the emotional feelings and financial interests of other family members, and the government's interest in maintaining orderly inheritance rules...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473812/acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-a-forensic-perspective
#11
Meiring de Villiers
This article provides a review of the science of HIV/AIDS for nonspecialist stakeholders such as lawyers, regulators, and policy analysts. The purpose of the article is twofold: it (1) aims to communicate the biomedical principles that underlie the pandemic in a rigorous yet accessible format and (2) shows that an understanding of the interaction between a legal rule and medical science is essential if the intended meaning, purpose, and policy rationale of the rule are to be preserved. It illustrates the interaction between law and science by analyzing the application of a doctrine in medical malpractice to litigation involving HIV/AIDS...
July 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469624/medicolegal-malpractice-and-ethical-issues-in-radiology-an-anonymous-malpractice-lawyer-has-asked-me-to-be-an-expert-witness-should-i-accept
#12
Leonard Berlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427705/dismantling-the-justice-silos-flowcharting-the-role-and-expertise-of-forensic-science-forensic-medicine-and-allied-health-in-adult-sexual-assault-investigations
#13
Sally F Kelty, Roberta Julian, Eva Bruenisholz, Linzi Wilson-Wilde
Forensic science is increasingly used to help exonerate the innocent and establishing links between individuals and criminal activities. With increased reliance on scientific services provided by multi-disciplinary (police, medicine, law, forensic science), and multi-organisational in the private and government sectors (health, justice, legal, police) practitioners, the potential for miscommunication resulting unjust outcomes increases. The importance of identifying effective multi-organisational information sharing is to prevent the 'justice silo effect'; where practitioners from different organisations operate in isolation with minimal or no interaction...
January 31, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389172/a-meta-analysis-of-nonsystematic-responding-in-delay-and-probability-reward-discounting
#14
Kathleen R Smith, Steven R Lawyer, Joshua K Swift
Delay discounting (DD) and probability discounting (PD) are behavioral measures of choice that index sensitivity to delayed and probabilistic outcomes, which are associated with a range of negative health-related outcomes. Patterns of discounting tend to be predictable, where preferences for immediate (vs. delayed) and certain (vs. probabilistic) rewards change as a function of delay and probability. However, some participants yield nonsystematic response patterns (NSR) that cannot be accounted for by theories of choice and could have implications for the validity of discounting-related experiments...
February 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381106/medical-evidence-and-proof-of-cause-of-death-in-nigerian-courts
#15
John Oladapo Obafunwa, Oluwatomi Ajayi, Mathias I Okoye
Medical evidence has continued to be given and evaluated in Nigerian courts since Nigeria's independence from Britain. The attitudes of the courts have been largely varied against a background of the individual judge's appreciation of forensic science and who should be considered an expert witness. The prosecution and defence lawyers equally display limited knowledge of forensic science. This paper reviews some of the decided cases, the reasons for the verdicts, forensic concerns and recommendations for the improvement of the criminal justice system...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373053/the-status-health-paradox-organizational-context-stress-exposure-and-well-being-in-the-legal-profession
#16
Jonathan Koltai, Scott Schieman, Ronit Dinovitzer
Prior research evaluates the health effects of higher status attainment by analyzing highly similar individuals whose circumstances differ after some experience a "status boost." Advancing that research, we assess health differences across organizational contexts among two national samples of lawyers who were admitted to the bar in the same year in their respective countries. We find that higher-status lawyers in large firms report more depression than lower-status lawyers, poorer health in the American survey, and no health advantage in Canada...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351624/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-associated-with-work-place-bullying
#17
Halla Malik, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Ian Agahari
Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a condition of transient left ventricular dysfunction precipitated by acute physical or emotional stress. The pathogenesis of TC is not well understood, but it is known to predominantly affect postmenopausal women in the context of physical or emotional triggers. Aims: To describe a case of TC with an association to a never previously described work place stressor of bullying. Case Report: A 48-year-old female lawyer developed acute chest pain after experiencing significant emotional distress at a workplace meeting...
February 16, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326317/comparative-analysis-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-intracameral-cefuroxime-moxifloxacin-and-vancomycin-at-the-end-of-cataract-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#18
Randy C Bowen, Andrew Xingyu Zhou, Sailaja Bondalapati, Thomas W Lawyer, Karisa B Snow, Patrick R Evans, Tyler Bardsley, Mary McFarland, Matthew Kliethermes, Dallas Shi, Christina A Mamalis, Tom Greene, Christopher J Rudnisky, Balamurali Krishna Ambati
BACKGROUND: Current practice methods are unclear as to the most safe and effective prophylactic pharmacotherapy and method of delivery to reduce postoperative endophthalmitis occurrence. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis using Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines was performed to compare the efficacy of intracameral cefuroxime, moxifloxacin and vancomycin in preventing postphacoemulsification cataract surgery endophthalmitis...
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319469/lgbt-family-lawyers-and-same-sex-marriage-recognition-how-legal-change-shapes-professional-identity-and-practice
#19
Amanda K Baumle
Lawyers who practice family law for LGBT clients are key players in the tenuous and evolving legal environment surrounding same-sex marriage recognition. Building on prior research on factors shaping the professional identities of lawyers generally, and activist lawyers specifically, I examine how practice within a rapidly changing, patchwork legal environment shapes professional identity for this group of lawyers. I draw on interviews with 21 LGBT family lawyers to analyze how the unique features of LGBT family law shape their professional identities and practice, as well as their predictions about the development of the practice in a post-Obergefell world...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294891/lawyers-question-repetition-and-children-s-responses-in-scottish-criminal-courts
#20
Samantha J Andrews, Michael E Lamb
This study examined the effects of repeated questions ( n = 7,968) on fifty-six 5- to 17-year-olds' testimony in child sexual abuse cases in Scottish criminal courts. We examined transcripts of direct- and cross-examinations, categorizing how lawyers asked repeated questions in court and how children responded. Defense lawyers repeated more questions (39.6% of all questions asked) than prosecutors (30.6%) and repeated questions using more suggestive prompts (52% of their repeated questions) than prosecutors (18%) did...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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