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Racha Fadlallah, Fadi El-Jardali, Farah Annan, Hayat Azzam, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: A recent systematic review suggested that drug registrations and onsite quality inspections may be effective in reducing the prevalence of counterfeit and substandard drugs. However, simply replicating the most effective interventions is problematic, as it denotes implementing the intervention without further adaptation. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to systematically review the evidence beyond effectiveness for systems-level interventions to combat or prevent drug counterfeiting...
2016: Pharmaceutical Medicine
Daniel Chen, Yosh Halberstam, Alan C L Yu
Previous studies suggest a significant role of language in the court room, yet none has identified a definitive correlation between vocal characteristics and court outcomes. This paper demonstrates that voice-based snap judgments based solely on the introductory sentence of lawyers arguing in front of the Supreme Court of the United States predict outcomes in the Court. In this study, participants rated the opening statement of male advocates arguing before the Supreme Court between 1998 and 2012 in terms of masculinity, attractiveness, confidence, intelligence, trustworthiness, and aggressiveness...
2016: PloS One
Bo Young Park, Jungwoo Kwon, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: In an increasing number of lawsuits doctors lose, despite providing preoperative patient education, because of failure to prove informed consent. We analyzed judicial precedents associated with insufficient informed consent to identify judicial factors and trends related to aesthetic surgery medical litigation. METHODS: We collected data from civil trials between 1995 and 2015 that were related to aesthetic surgery and resulted in findings of insufficient informed consent...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Jérôme Depaquit, Bernard Pesson, Denis Augot, James Gordon Campbell Hamilton, Phillip Lawyer, Nicole Léger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Perla Werner, Israel Issi Doron
The expected increase in the number of people living with Alzheimer's disease (AD) worldwide will be accompanied by an increase in the number of cases involving persons with AD brought up to the courts. This study examined the perceptions and experiences of social workers and lawyers regarding these cases. Three focus groups including social workers and lawyers (n = 26) were conducted. Two main themes were raised by the participants: 1. The role of social workers and lawyers in court cases regarding AD, and 2...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Elizabeth Scruggs, Timothy C Guetterman, Anna C Meyer, Jamie VanArtsdalen, Michele Heisler
A key challenge for asylum seekers in the United States is being able to provide evidence of prior persecution in their home countries. Medical/psychological affidavits corroborating applicants' accounts often make the difference between successful and unsuccessful applications. The purpose of this study was to identify the unmet demand for and features of effective medical/psychological affidavits in the asylum process, as well as the personal and systemic barriers for asylum seekers. This is a qualitative study of semi-structured interviews with legal professionals who work in asylum law...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Luka Kovačić, Giuseppe Armocida
Dr Theodor Gjurgjević was born in Stubička Kaniža on 1 December 1909 and died in Zagreb on 20 March 1976. He finished high school in Zagreb in 1927 and obtained a doctoral degree from the Zagreb University Faculty of Law in 1933. In 1956, he obtained his second doctorate in modern history from the University of Oxford. He dedicated a large part of his career to international affairs: before and during World War II in the Yugoslav Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Belgrade and after the war at the Zagreb School of Public Health as a collaborator of Andrija Štampar...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Silvia Zullo
In the contemporary debate on the use of the neurosciences in ethics and law, numerous arguments have been bandied about among scientists and philosophers looking to uphold or reject the reliability and validity of scientific findings obtained by brain imaging technologies. Among the most vexing questions is, Can we trust that technology? One point of disagreement is whether brain scans offer a window through which to observe the functioning of the mind, in such a way as to enable lawyers, judges, physicians, and lawmakers to detect anomalies in brain function that may account for criminal unconscious behavior...
October 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Andrew D Mitchell, Jessica Casben
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Following calls for restrictions and bans on alcohol advertising, and in light of the tobacco industry's challenge to Australia's tobacco plain packaging measure, a tobacco control measure finding support in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, this paper considers what role, if any, an international alcohol marketing code might have in preventing or reducing the risk of challenges to domestic alcohol marketing restrictions under trade rules. METHODS: Narrative review of international trade and health instruments and international trade court judgements regarding alcohol products and marketing restrictions...
September 15, 2016: Addiction
Angela Ting
Extract: Halfway through my third year in college, I still had not decided on a career path. I toyed with the idea of going to law school to become an intellectual property lawyer. I considered further training to become a genetic counselor. I also attended several career opportunity seminars by notable consulting firms. None of these possibilities really excited me. Coincidentally, I had started attending a superb journal club led by Dr. Carl Douglas at the University of British Columbia. By far, it was one of the most enjoyable classes I had taken because we were reading and discussing research studies that were pushing the frontiers of knowledge...
September 7, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
George F Wilhere
Like many federal statutes, the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) contains vague or ambiguous language. Scientists can make invaluable contributions to the interpretation of the ESA when vague or ambiguous language contains scientific words or refers to scientific concepts. For scientists wanting to assist with statutory interpretation, I provide a primer on statutory interpretation. I then explain potential roles of scientists and describe how scientists have contributed to the interpretation of a particular vague and ambiguous phrase in the ESA: "significant portion of its range" (SPOIR)...
September 7, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Susan E Peters, Michel W Coppieters, Mark Ross, Venerina Johnston
PURPOSE: Return-to-work (RTW) stakeholders have varied roles and may therefore hold their own perspectives regarding factors that may influence outcomes. This study aimed to determine stakeholders' perspectives on factors influencing RTW following surgery for non-traumatic upper extremity conditions. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to RTW stakeholders via gatekeeper organizations. Stakeholders rated 50 potential prognostic factors from 'not' to 'extremely' influential...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Sheldon Zedeck, Wayne Cascio
This article memorializes James L. Outtz, who passed away March 26, 2016. For more than 40 years, Outtz was a leading researcher, practitioner, and consultant in the areas of hiring and promotion, employment discrimination, selection-test design and implementation, and legal issues pertaining to employment. He worked tirelessly to enhance opportunities for workforce diversity through greater inclusion of minorities and women. Another important focus was on strategies to minimize adverse impact through alternative approaches to selection...
September 2016: American Psychologist
John Chishugi, Trixy Franke
A young girl was brought to the emergency unit after suffering sexual abuse by an older male. Additional abuses against women and girls include physical beating, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, breast ironing, widow's rites, psychological abuse, and discrimination in education, finance, employment, and legal access. Cameroon has adopted strategies aimed at eliminating violence against women, including ratification of international policies, penal codes, and support of local and international efforts that promote women; however, many of the laws remain in name only and are rarely enforced, given women's lack of financial access to quality lawyers and an unsympathetic male-dominated police force...
August 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Brett Williams, Adiva Sifris, Marty Lynch
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature indicates that empathic behaviors are positively linked, in several ways, with the professional performance and mental well-being of lawyers and law students. It is therefore important to assess empathy levels among law students using psychometrically sound tools that are suitable for this cohort. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The 20-item Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Health Profession Students Version was adapted for a law context (eg, the word "health care" became "legal"), and the new Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Law Students (JSE-L-S) version was completed by 275 students at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Maddie Blackburn, Lizzie Chambers, Sarah Earle
In 2013, The Open University Sexuality Alliance was established. This is a collaborative partnership which brings together young people and adults with Life-threatening and life-limiting conditions (LLTCs), representatives from the public and third sector, policy makers, doctors, lawyers, academics and nurses with particular expertise in addressing the sexuality of young people with an uncertain life-course. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 3, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Nieke A Elbers, Alex Collie, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Katherine Lippel, Keri Lockwood, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Involvement in a compensation process following a motor vehicle collision is consistently associated with worse health status but the reasons underlying this are unclear. Some compensation systems are hypothesised to be more stressful than others. In particular, fault-based compensation systems are considered to be more adversarial than no-fault systems and associated with poorer recovery. This study compares the perceived fairness and recovery of claimants in the fault-based compensation system in New South Wales (NSW) to the no-fault system in Victoria, Australia...
2016: BMC Public Health
Patrick R Krill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Paul F Velleman, Ann C Lapinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Perla Werner, Israel Issi Doron
OBJECTIVE: To explore the meaning and consequences of labeling on structural stigma in the context of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the legal system. METHOD: This qualitative study was made up of three focus groups including social workers and lawyers (n = 26). Participants were asked to report their experience in circumstances in which persons with AD and their family members engage with the legal system. Thematic analysis using the constant comparative method was used...
July 27, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
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