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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447019/a-cross-sectional-study-need-of-equal-respect-for-all-professionals-in-the-institutional-ethics-committees-composition
#1
Ramandeep Kaur, Ajay Francis Christopher, Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal
BACKGROUND: The composition of the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) with an equal respect plays a major role in evaluating research proposals to ensure the safety of the subjects and ethical quality of research project. It is mandatory that all research projects with an involvement of human subjects should be approved by the IEC before commencement. AIM: To find out the equality of respect to members of IEC irrespective of nature of their profession. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methods include a cross-sectional study, the general information and member composition, multidisciplinary nature, independent performance, competence, decision capability, professionally biased of IECs in health research institutions of Punjab, India...
April 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446742/work-and-health-care-in-milan-1864-1874
#2
Alessandro Porro, Lorenzo Lorusso, Bruno Falconi, Antonia Francesca Franchini
In 1864 in Milan, Giovanni Rosmini (1832-1896) opened an ophthalmic dispensary for workers. In 1874 this dispensary was transformed into the first ophthalmic hospital of the city. This hospital still exists today. The authors analyze a document that belonged to the lawyer Enrico Rosmini (1828-1898), brother of Giovanni, which helps to piece together the early years of the dispensary, where about 4,000 surgeries were carried out in the first four years of activity. This historical document is valuable as it sheds light on one of the first healthcare institution for workers in Milan...
April 21, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429396/children-s-uncertain-responses-when-testifying-about-alleged-sexual-abuse-in-scottish-courts
#3
Samantha J Andrews, Elizabeth C Ahern, Michael E Lamb
This study examined the uncertain responses of 56 alleged sexual abuse victims, aged 5-17 years, testifying in Scottish criminal court trials. Don't know/remember ground rules were explained to 38% of the children and each child reported uncertainty in response to 15% of the questions on average. Uncertain responding was associated with expressions of resistance and confusion, questioning context (proportionally more regarding substantive than non-substantive issues), question content (least to disclosure-focused questions), utterance type (more to directives, particularly those posed by defense lawyers; more to recall-based than recognition prompts), and age (children in mid-adolescence were less likely to respond uncertainly than those who were either older or younger)...
April 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428181/irish-mp-calls-for-key-documents-on-pandemrix-to-be-handed-to-lawyers-representing-children-with-narcolepsy
#4
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413600/screening-the-use-of-informed-consent-forms-prior-to-procedures-involving-operative-dentistry-ethical-aspects
#5
Livia Graziele Rodrigues, João Batista De Souza, Erica Miranda De Torres, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
Background. The present study aimed to screen the knowledge and attitudes of dentists toward the use of informed consent forms prior to procedures involving operative dentistry. Methods. A research tool containing questions (questionnaire) regarding the use of informed consent forms was developed. The questionnaire consisted of seven questions structured to screen the current practice in operative dentistry towards the use of informed consent forms. Results. The questionnaires were distributed among 731 dentists, of which 179 returned them with answers...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384145/prevalence-of-enduring-power-of-attorney-and-barriers-towards-it-in-community-geriatric-population-in-counties-manukau-health
#6
So-Jung Park, Heather Astell
AIM: Enduring power of attorney (EPA) is a simple and easy-to-set-up legal document which protects the wishes of the donor, as well as preventing significant psychological and social cost for the patient and their family when long-term residential care needs to be arranged due to the patient's increasing care requirements. It also reduces the significant cost in hospital beds days for the district health board involved while awaiting the Protection of Personal and Property Rights order...
April 7, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379154/retaliatory-rico-and-the-puzzle-of-fraudulent-claiming
#7
Nora Freeman Engstrom
Over the past century, the allegation that the tort liability system incentivizes legal extortion and is chock-full of fraudulent claims has dominated public discussion and prompted lawmakers to ever-more-creatively curtail individuals' incentives and opportunities to seek redress. Unsatisfied with these conventional efforts, in recent years, at least a dozen corporate defendants have "discovered" a new fraud-fighting tool. They've started filing retaliatory RICO suits against plaintiffs and their lawyers and experts, alleging that the initiation of certain nonmeritorious litigation constitutes racketeering activity—while tort reform advocates have applauded these efforts and exhorted more "courageous" companies to follow suit...
2017: Michigan Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344954/no-fault-compensation-in-perinatal-medicine-in-japan-from-results-for-8-years
#8
REVIEW
Mitsutoshi Iwashita
No fault compensation in perinatal medicine has been established to provide aid to patients in the event of disability due to a medical accident during delivery and to strive to resolve disputes quickly that contributes to reduce medical malpractice suit in the field of perinatal medicine. Furthermore, this system is aimed to establish a mechanism that achieves higher quality of obstetric care by analyzing the causes of accidents. This system is operated by Japan Council for Quality Health Care and 99.9% of childbirth facilities in Japan registered with this compensation system...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322629/promoting-the-wellbeing-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-forced-migrants-in-canada-providers-perspectives
#9
Sarilee Kahn, Edward Alessi, Leah Woolner, Hanna Kim, Christina Olivieri
Researchers are beginning to document the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) forced migrants in settlement. However, studies exploring the perceptions of service providers working with this vulnerable population are limited. These may shed light on the challenges of meeting the needs of LGBT forced migrants, especially mental health issues and problems. This qualitative study elicited the views of 22 Canadian service providers, including advocates, lawyers and mental health practitioners, who serve LGBT forced migrants...
March 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299243/analysis-of-free-legal-counselling-for-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-the-outlook-for-the-field-of-disaster-recovery-and-revitalization-law
#10
REVIEW
Tadashi Okamoto
Of the free legal counselling conducted by lawyers following the Great East Japan Earthquake, the results of analysis of approx. 40,000 cases have been disclosed by the Japan Federation of Bar Associations. These analysis results have been used as evidence serving as the basis for system revision and new legislation following the disaster, and have been of value to public policy, to a certain extent. In order to identify methods for realizing policy targets as know-how for public policy through the integration and analysis of legal needs in disaster areas, in FY2012 and thereafter, lectures on the "Disaster Recovery and Revitalization Law" were initiated by the Graduate School of Public Policy, Chuo University; Keio University Law School; and other institutions...
September 2016: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284440/thinking-forensics-cognitive-science-for-forensic-practitioners
#11
REVIEW
Gary Edmond, Alice Towler, Bethany Growns, Gianni Ribeiro, Bryan Found, David White, Kaye Ballantyne, Rachel A Searston, Matthew B Thompson, Jason M Tangen, Richard I Kemp, Kristy Martire
Human factors and their implications for forensic science have attracted increasing levels of interest across criminal justice communities in recent years. Initial interest centred on cognitive biases, but has since expanded such that knowledge from psychology and cognitive science is slowly infiltrating forensic practices more broadly. This article highlights a series of important findings and insights of relevance to forensic practitioners. These include research on human perception, memory, context information, expertise, decision-making, communication, experience, verification, confidence, and feedback...
March 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280075/improving-reconciliation-following-medical-injury-a-qualitative-study-of-responses-to-patient-safety-incidents-in-new-zealand
#12
Jennifer Moore, Michelle M Mello
BACKGROUND: Despite the investment in exploring patient-centred alternatives to medical malpractice in New Zealand (NZ), the UK and the USA, patients' experiences with these processes are not well understood. We sought to explore factors that facilitate and impede reconciliation following patient safety incidents and identify recommendations for strengthening institution-led alternatives to malpractice litigation. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with 62 patients injured by healthcare in NZ, administrators of 12 public hospitals, 5 lawyers specialising in Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) claims and 3 ACC staff...
March 9, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252994/reading-homophone-puns-evidence-from-eye-tracking
#13
Debra Jared, Sarah Bainbridge
We investigated how readers make sense of homophone puns (e.g., The butcher was very glad we could meat up) by tracking their eye movements as they read. Comparison sentences included homophone-error sentences in which the presented homophone was also not correct (e.g., The lawyer was very glad we could meat up) and sentences in which the homophone was correct for the context (e.g., The butcher was very glad to chop meat up for the stew). An effect of the frequency of the unpresented homophone mate (e.g., meet) was found on first-pass reading times for homophones, indicating that participants activated the meaning of the homophone mate through shared phonology...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238360/trends-in-the-earnings-gender-gap-among-dentists-physicians-and-lawyers
#14
Thanh An Nguyen Le, Anthony T Lo Sasso, Marko Vujicic
BACKGROUND: The authors examined the factors associated with sex differences in earnings for 3 professional occupations. METHODS: The authors used a multivariate Blinder-Oaxaca method to decompose the differences in mean earnings across sex. RESULTS: Although mean differences in earnings between men and women narrowed over time, there remained large, unaccountable earnings differences between men and women among all professions after multivariate adjustments...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236905/can-lawyers-improve-transitions-of-care
#15
EDITORIAL
Marshall B Kapp, Paul R Katz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236496/-inequity-of-compensation-trajectories-for-victims-of-medical-injuries-a-survey-in-the-french-out-of-court-settlement-mechanism
#16
I Parizot, I Cailbault, M Winance, J Barbot
BACKGROUND: In France little is known about either the characteristics of people who take legal action because they believe themselves to be victims of harm caused by medical activity, or about their complaint trajectory. The law of 4th March 2002 created an out-of-court settlement mechanism which aims to reduce inequitable access to compensation experienced by victims faced with legal procedures that are both lengthy and costly. This mechanism now occupies a central position among the avenues of recourse available to patients and their families...
February 21, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225730/the-medical-legal-partnership-approach-to-teaching-social-determinants-of-health-and-structural-competency-in-residency-programs
#17
Edward G Paul, Mallory Curran, Elizabeth Tobin Tyler
Medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) embed civil legal services lawyers into health care settings and interprofessional health care teams delivering care to low-income or otherwise vulnerable patients and communities. MLPs present the opportunity to instill in residents a practical understanding of the social determinants of health and provide them with concrete tools to address them. MLP training helps residents develop structural competency and build the skills necessary to address barriers to health at the patient, institutional, and population levels...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203210/auditory-and-visual-electrophysiology-of-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-implications-for-cross-modal-plasticity
#18
David P Corina, Shane Blau, Todd LaMarr, Laurel A Lawyer, Sharon Coffey-Corina
Deaf children who receive a cochlear implant early in life and engage in intensive oral/aural therapy often make great strides in spoken language acquisition. However, despite clinicians' best efforts, there is a great deal of variability in language outcomes. One concern is that cortical regions which normally support auditory processing may become reorganized for visual function, leaving fewer available resources for auditory language acquisition. The conditions under which these changes occur are not well understood, but we may begin investigating this phenomenon by looking for interactions between auditory and visual evoked cortical potentials in deaf children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189101/the-structural-linguistic-complexity-of-lawyers-questions-and-children-s-responses-in-scottish-criminal-courts
#19
Samantha J Andrews, Michael E Lamb
In the first study to systematically assess the structural linguistic complexity of lawyers' questions of children in Scotland, we examined 56 trial transcripts of 5- to 17-year-old children testifying as alleged victims of sexual abuse. Complexity was assessed using 8 quantitative measures of each utterance's components (number of questions, phrases, clauses, sentences, false starts, average word count, word length, and sentence length) and a composite measure was used in the analyses. Lawyers did not alter the complexity of questions when prompting children of different ages...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178727/applying-ethical-and-legal-principles-to-new-technology-the-university-of-auckland-faculty-of-medical-and-health-sciences-policy-taking-and-sharing-images-of-patients
#20
REVIEW
Monique Jonas, Phillipa Malpas, Kate Kersey, Alan Merry, Warwick Bagg
AIMS: To develop a policy governing the taking and sharing of photographic and radiological images by medical students. METHODS: The Rules of the Health Information Privacy Code 1994 and the Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers' Rights were applied to the taking, storing and sharing of photographic and radiological images by medical students. Stakeholders, including clinicians, medical students, lawyers at district health boards in the Auckland region, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner and the Health and Disability Commissioner were consulted and their recommendations incorporated...
January 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
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