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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186780/bullying-and-cyberbullying-their-legal-status-and-use-in-psychological-assessment
#1
(no author information available yet)
Bullying and cyberbullying have severe psychological and legal consequences for those involved. However, it is unclear how or even if previous experience of bullying and cyberbullying is considered in mental health assessments. Furthermore, the relevance and effectiveness of current legal solutions has been debated extensively, resulting in a desire for a specific legislation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the psychological and legal components of bullying and cyberbullying. This is a qualitative research that includes interviews with five practitioner psychologists and four lawyers in the United Kingdom (UK)...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176829/tobacco-industry-attempts-to-frame-smoking-as-a-disability-under-the-1990-americans-with-disabilities-act
#2
Yvette van der Eijk, Stanton A Glantz
Using the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents Library and Congressional records, we examined the tobacco industry's involvement with the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). During legislative drafting of the ADA (1989-1990), the Tobacco Institute, the tobacco industry's lobbying and public relations arm at the time, worked with industry lawyers and civil rights groups to include smoking in the ADA's definition of "disability." Focus was on smoking as a perceived rather than actual disability so that tobacco companies could maintain that smoking is not addictive...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165864/an-australian-hospital-s-training-program-and-referral-pathway-within-a-multi-disciplinary-health-justice-partnership-addressing-family-violence
#3
Kirsty Forsdike, Cathy Humphreys, Kristin Diemer, Stuart Ross, Linda Gyorki, Helena Maher, Penelope Vye, Fleur Llewelyn, Kelsey Hegarty
OBJECTIVE: An innovative health-justice partnership was established to deliver legal assistance to women experiencing family violence who attended an Australian hospital. This paper reports on a multifaceted response to build capacity and willingness of health professionals to identify signs of family violence and engage with referral pathways to on-site legal assistance. METHODS: A Realistic Evaluation analysed health professionals' knowledge and attitudes towards identification, response and referral for family violence before and after training; and use of referral pathways...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161065/from-nuremberg-to-guantanamo-bay-uses-of-physicians-in-the-war-on-terror
#4
Sondra S Crosby, Gilbert Benavidez
Seventy years after the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial, health professionals and lawyers working together after 9/11 played a critical role in designing, justifying, and carrying out the US state-sponsored torture program in the CIA "Black Sites" and US military detention centers, including Abu Ghraib, Bagram, and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. We analyze the similarities between the Nazi doctors and health professionals in the War on Terror and address the question of how it happened that health professionals, including doctors, psychologists, physician assistants, and nurses, acted as agents of the state to utilize their medical and healing skills to cause harm and sanitize barbarous acts, similar to (though not on the scale of) how Nazi doctors were used by the Third Reich...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154565/exploring-the-idiographic-dynamics-of-mood-and-anxiety-via-network-analysis
#5
Aaron J Fisher, Jonathan W Reeves, Glenn Lawyer, John D Medaglia, Julian A Rubel
Individual variation is increasingly recognized as important to psychopathology research. Concurrently, new methods of analysis based on network models are bringing new perspectives on mental (dys)function. This current work analyzed idiographic multivariate time series data using a novel network methodology that incorporates contemporaneous and lagged associations in mood and anxiety symptomatology. Data were taken from 40 individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), major depressive disorder (MDD), or comorbid GAD and MDD, who answered questions about 21 descriptors of mood and anxiety symptomatology 4 times a day over a period of approximately 30 days...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145594/wellbeing-of-gay-fathers-with-children-born-through-surrogacy-a-comparison-with-lesbian-mother-families-and-heterosexual-ivf-parent-families
#6
L Van Rijn-van Gelderen, H W M Bos, T D Jorgensen, K Ellis-Davies, A Winstanley, S Golombok, B Rubio, M Gross, O Vecho, M E Lamb
STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in levels of parental wellbeing (parental stress, psychological adjustment and partner relationship satisfaction) between gay-father families with infants born through surrogacy, lesbian-mother families with infants born through donor insemination, and heterosexual-parent families with infants born through IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: There were no differences in parental wellbeing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The only other study of parental wellbeing in gay-father families formed through surrogacy (mean age children: 4 years old) found no difference in couple relationship satisfaction between these families and lesbian-mother families formed through donor insemination and heterosexual-parent families formed without assisted reproductive technologies...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143674/the-role-of-human-rights-litigation-in-improving-access-to-reproductive-health-care-and-achieving-reductions-in-maternal-mortality
#7
Jennifer Templeton Dunn, Katherine Lesyna, Anna Zaret
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health, reducing global maternal mortality, and working toward universal access to reproductive health care are global priorities for United Nations agencies, national governments, and civil society organizations. Human rights lawyers have joined this global movement, using international law and domestic constitutions to hold nations accountable for preventable maternal death and for failing to provide access to reproductive health care services. CASE PRESENTATION: This article discusses three decisions in which international treaty bodies find the nations of Brazil and Peru responsible for violations of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and also two domestic decisions alleging constitutional violations in India and Uganda...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141893/lawyers-for-guantanamo-bay-detainees-on-hunger-strike-will-fight-us-government-in-court
#8
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139377/laboratory-colonization-and-mass-rearing-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae
#9
Jérôme Depaquit, Bernard Pesson, Denis Augot, James Gordon Campbell Hamilton, Phillip Lawyer, Nicole Léger, Phillip Lawyer, Mireille Killick-Kendrick, Tobin Rowland, Edgar Rowton, Petr Volf
Laboratory colonies of phlebotomine sand flies are necessary for experimental study of their biology, behaviour and mutual relations with disease agents and for testing new methods of vector control. They are indispensable in genetic studies and controlled observations on the physiology and behaviour of sand flies, neglected subjects of high priority. Colonies are of particular value for screening insecticides. Colonized sand flies are used as live vector models in a diverse array of research projects, including xenodiagnosis, that are directed toward control of leishmaniasis and other sand fly-associated diseases...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135795/families-and-the-juvenile-justice-system-considerations-for-family-based-interventions
#10
Bita Amani, Norweeta G Milburn, Susana Lopez, Angela Young-Brinn, Lourdes Castro, Alex Lee, Eraka Bath
We conducted focus groups with defense lawyers, clinicians, and education advocates to gather their perspectives on families' experiences with the juvenile justice system. Our quantitative descriptive analysis identified a range of themes such as discussions about the poor treatment of families as well as recommendations for a shifting of power to families. These perspectives may provide insights about the context in which families are expected to participate in interventions, meet probationary demands, and provide for their youth's well-being...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135378/same-sex-parenting-identification-of-social-representations-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-professionals
#11
Paula Xavier, Isabel Alberto, Francisco Mendes
Although international scientific research and the position of professional associations reiterate that the parents' sexual orientation is not a criterion of parenting quality, the social recognition of same-sex parenting remains difficult in Portugal. Given the importance of forensic issues in this field, this study aims to identify the representations of psychologists, social workers, lawyers/attorneys, and judges regarding same-sex parenting. The study involves five homogeneous focus groups with a total of 19 professionals...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121265/decisions-at-the-end-of-life-the-inimitable-hallmark-of-the-lawyer
#12
Mary Donnelly
THIS case commentary analyses the application of the best interests standard in section 4 of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 by the Court in the decision in Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Local Health Board v RY (by his litigation friend the official solicitor) and CP [2017] EWCOP 2. It evaluates the way in which the law impacted on how clinical decisions in respect of RY were made and identifies systemic concerns arising from the case.
November 7, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108867/medicolegal-issues-for-the-respiratory-paediatrician
#13
REVIEW
Ian M Balfour-Lynn
The legal profession depends on expert witnesses, and indeed the first time an English Court relied on an expert medical witness was in the 14th century. Asking a specialist to comment on the standard of professional practice expected in their own specialty was first introduced in a 1767 case [1]. This article draws on 20 years of experience in medicolegal work relating to paediatric respiratory medicine. It highlights some of the legal principles that lie behind an expert opinion and what constitutes clinical negligence...
October 12, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108143/medical-malpractice-web-advertising-a-qualitative-cross-sectional-analysis-of-plaintiff-medical-malpractice-firms-in-suffolk-county-massachusetts
#14
Comeron W Ghobadi, Ofelya Gevorgyan, Caroline E Bednarski, Emily L Hayman, Jessica R Walter, Shuai Xu
Medical malpractice plaintiff firms play a central role in the prosecution of malpractice claims. There have been limited studies on the online advertising practices of plaintiff medical malpractice firms. The Martindale-Hubbell directory was used to identify all plaintiff medical malpractice firms in Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Each firm's website was individually mined for relevant data. Thirty-one unique medical malpractice law firms were identified. Seventy-seven percent of law firms advertised awards with the Martindale-Hubbell AV rating, AVVO, and Super Lawyer being the three most common...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108131/moving-from-place-to-place-in-the-last-year-of-life-a-qualitative-study-identifying-care-setting-transition-issues-and-solutions-in-ontario
#15
Donna M Wilson, Stephen Birch
Moving from one care setting to another is common as death nears. Many concerns exist over these end-of-life (EOL) care setting transitions, including low-quality moves as mistakes and other mishaps can occur. Delayed or denied moves are also problematic, such as a move out of hospital for dying inpatients who want to spend their last hours or days at home. The aim of the study was to identify current issues or problems with care setting transitions during the last year of life as well as potential or actual solutions for these problems...
November 6, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987052/recovered-memories-in-clinical-practice-a-research-review
#16
REVIEW
Joanna Ulatowska, Maryla Sawicka
The problem of recovered memories concerns not only psychiatry, psychology or psychotherapy but it is also an important legal and judicial issue. Clinicians, scientists and lawyers are in unsolved dispute, called "memory wars", concerning the credibility of these memories, especially if they were recovered following specific therapeutic techniques or using self-help books. Many cases of recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse brought legal action against alleged offender. Investigations showed, however, that some of these memories were false...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961630/preserving-50-years-of-physician-assistant-history
#17
Reginald D Carter, Ruth Ballweg, Lori Konopka-Sauer
Physician assistants (PAs) have been making history for 50 years. For the past 15 years, the PA History (PAHx) Society has been working to make sure this history is not lost. The Society began in 2002 as a membership organization based at Duke University and since 2011 has been a supporting organization of the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA). Highly visible and active in the PA community, the Society encourages all PAs to understand their professional history and embrace it as a part of their professional identity...
October 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949872/online-public-reactions-to-fmri-communication-with-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness-quality-of-life-end-of-life-decision-making-and-concerns-with-misdiagnosis
#18
Jennifer A Chandler, Jeffrey A Sun, Eric Racine
BACKGROUND: Recently, the news media have reported on the discovery of covert awareness and the establishment of limited communication using a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) neuroimaging technique with several brain-injured patients thought to have been in a vegetative state. This discovery has raised many ethical, legal, and social questions related to quality of life, end-of-life decision making, diagnostic and prognostic accuracy in disorders of consciousness, resource allocation, and other issues...
January 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942055/delivering-social-work-services-in-collaboration-with-the-legal-representation-for-individual-clients-an-effective-ethical-and-economical-approach-to-supporting-families-in-child-abuse-and-neglect-legal-proceedings
#19
Robbin Pott
This article discusses the need to improve the quality of helping relationships between families and social workers in the child protection system and the growing body of evidence that teams of social workers and lawyers are effective at improving outcomes in child protection legal proceedings. The author presents an alternative structure of delivering social work services within the child protection systems once a court gets involved with a family, proposing that social workers should focus on individual clients in collaboration with their legal representation, rather than the traditional model of a governmental agency social worker serving the family as a unit as it also determines placement of the children...
November 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935115/characteristics-of-patients-with-constant-observers
#20
Susan Solimine, Junji Takeshita, Deborah Goebert, June Lee, Brian Schultz, Maria Guerrero, Michael Tanael, Mark Pilar, Loraine Fleming, Stacy Kracher, Leah Lawyer
BACKGROUND: The use of constant observers ("sitters") has been common practice in many medical centers to maintain patient safety. RESULTS: A retrospective chart review of patients who required sitters from October 1, 2007 to September 31, 2013 at a large, private hospital serving a multiethnic community showed that the top reasons for sitters include suicide risk, agitation, fall risk, interfering with medical devices, and confusion/disorientation. Sitters were used for a mean of 3...
August 10, 2017: Psychosomatics
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