keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Demand

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719907/tumor-heterogeneity-in-lymphomas-a-different-breed
#1
Christian M Schürch, Birgit Federmann, Leticia Quintanilla-Martinez, Falko Fend
The facts that cancer represents tissues consisting of heterogeneous neoplastic, as well as reactive, cell populations and that cancers of the same histotype may show profound differences in clinical behavior have long been recognized. With the advent of new technologies and the demands of precision medicine, the investigation of tumor heterogeneity has gained much interest. An understanding of intertumoral heterogeneity in patients with the same disease entity is necessary to optimally guide personalized treatment...
July 19, 2017: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719887/anesthetic-management-of-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-crs-hipec-the-importance-of-hydro-electrolytic-and-acid-basic-control
#2
Fabrício Tavares Mendonça, Marília Moreira Guimarães, Sérgio Honorato de Matos, Rúbia Garcia Dusi
JUSTIFICATION AND OBJECTIVES: Patients affected by gynecological or gastrointestinal tract neoplasms that evolve to peritoneal carcinomatosis experience a significant drop in their quality of life, high morbidity and short survival times with currently available chemotherapeutic schemes. The surgical treatment based on cytoreduction and the employment of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in the intra-operative period is a true challenge to anesthesiologist. CASE REPORT: A 67 years old patient diagnosed with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the Appendix associated with mucinous carcinomatosis, was submitted to cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), under general anesthesia and epidural block...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719864/in-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-pancreatic-tumors-using-iron-oxide-nanoworms-targeted-with-ptr86-peptide
#3
Yasaman Ahmadi, Genady Kostenich, Mor Oron-Herman, Wolfgang Wadsak, Markus Mitterhauser, Arie Orenstein, Siroos Mirzaei, Peter Knoll
To cut the high mortality rate of malignant disease such as pancreatic cancer, development of newly diagnostic probes for early stage detection of tumor lesions is required. Multimodal imaging nanoprobes allowing targeted and real time functional/anatomical imaging of tumors meet the demands. For this purpose, a MRI/optical dual-modality probe based on biodegradable magnetic iron oxide nanoworms has been developed. The cross-linked surface of nanoworms were anchored to fluorescent dyes and to FITC.PTR86; a novel synthetic peptide with high affinity towards somatostatin receptors...
July 6, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719845/the-effects-of-ibuprofen-on-activated-sludge-shift-in-bacterial-community-structure-and-resistance-to-ciprofloxacin
#4
Madars Davids, Dita Gudra, Ilze Radovica-Spalvina, Davids Fridmanis, Vadims Bartkevics, Olga Muter
Ibuprofen (IBP) is ranked at the 4th place among 57 pharmaceutical compounds according to the number of citations in prioritization documents. The response of microbial community of activated sludge to IBP was studied at the concentrations of 50-5000mg/L. Batch incubation was performed in an OxiTop® device for 21days. The reduction of biological oxygen demand depended on the IBP concentration and varied in the range from 321 to 107mg O2/L. Massive DNA sequencing analysis of the activated sludge revealed that Proteobacteria became more dominant when grown in the presence of IBP...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719840/environmental-and-human-health-challenges-of-industrial-livestock-and-poultry-farming-in-china-and-their-mitigation
#5
REVIEW
Yuanan Hu, Hefa Cheng, Shu Tao
Driven by the growing demand for food products of animal origin, industrial livestock and poultry production has become increasingly popular and is on the track of becoming an important source of environmental pollution in China. Although concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) have higher production efficiency and profitability with less resource consumption compared to the traditional family-based and "free range" farming, they bring significant environmental pollution concerns and pose public health risks...
July 15, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719817/aged-refuse-enhances-anaerobic-digestion-of-waste-activated-sludge
#6
Jianwei Zhao, Lin Gui, Qilin Wang, Yiwen Liu, Dongbo Wang, Bing-Jie Ni, Xiaoming Li, Rui Xu, Guangming Zeng, Qi Yang
In this work, a low-cost alternative approach (i.e., adding aged refuse (AR) into waste activated sludge) to significantly enhance anaerobic digestion of sludge was reported. Experimental results showed that with the addition dosage of AR increasing from 0 to 400 mg/g dry sludge soluble chemical oxygen demand (COD) increased from 1150 to 5240 mg/L at the digestion time of 5 d, while the maximal production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) increased from 82.6 to 183.9 mg COD/g volatile suspended solids. Although further increase of AR addition decreased the concentrations of both soluble COD and VFA, their contents in these systems with AR addition at any concentration investigated were still higher than those in the blank, which resulted in higher methane yields in these systems...
July 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719767/capacity-of-commune-health-stations-in-chi-linh-district-hai-duong-province-for-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#7
Nguyen Thi Thuy Nga, Bui Thi My Anh, Nguyen Nguyen Ngoc, Dang Minh Diem, Vu Duy Kien, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Quynh Anh, Hoang Van Minh
The primary health care system in Vietnam has been playing an important role in prevention and control of diseases. This study aimed to describe the capacity of commune health stations in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong province for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative approaches) approach was applied to collect data in 20 commune health stations. The participants, including health workers, stakeholders, and patients with NCDs, were selected for the study...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719752/return-to-sport-after-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-recreational-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Florence Aim, Jean-David Werthel, Julien Deranlot, Marie Vigan, Geoffroy Nourissat
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequent demands from patients after shoulder replacement surgery is to return to sport. PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to sport after shoulder arthroplasty (total shoulder arthroplasty, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, hemiarthroplasty) in recreational athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review. METHODS: The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed to perform this systematic review and meta-analysis of the results in the literature as well as the presentation of results...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719707/community-triage-of-otology-patients-using-a-store-and-forward-telemedicine-device-a-feasibility-study
#9
Nishi Gupta, Neeraj Chawla, Digant Gupta, Nidhi Dhawan, Vidya R Janaki
Chronic otitis media is a major contributor to acquired hearing loss in developing countries. Developing countries such as India, with huge populations and poor health infrastructures, have always felt the shortage of trained specialists who can provide quality care to meet the enormous demand for treatment of this disease. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of empowering trained health workers equipped with ENTraview, a store-and-forward telemedicine device that integrates a camera- enabled smart phone with an otoscope...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719623/moderate-irrigation-intervals-facilitate-establishment-of-two-desert-shrubs-in-the-taklimakan-desert-highway-shelterbelt-in-china
#10
Congjuan Li, Xiang Shi, Osama Abdalla Mohamad, Jie Gao, Xinwen Xu, Yijun Xie
BACKGROUND: Water influences various physiological and ecological processes of plants in different ecosystems, especially in desert ecosystems. The purpose of this study is to investigate the response of physiological and morphological acclimation of two shrubs Haloxylon ammodendron and Calligonum mongolicunl to variations in irrigation intervals. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The irrigation frequency was set as 1-, 2-, 4-, 8- and 12-week intervals respectively from March to October during 2012-2014 to investigate the response of physiological and morphological acclimation of two desert shrubs Haloxylon ammodendron and Calligonum mongolicunl to variations in the irrigation system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719614/beat-id-towards-a-computationally-low-cost-single-heartbeat-biometric-identity-check-system-based-on-electrocardiogram-wave-morphology
#11
Joana S Paiva, Duarte Dias, João P S Cunha
In recent years, safer and more reliable biometric methods have been developed. Apart from the need for enhanced security, the media and entertainment sectors have also been applying biometrics in the emerging market of user-adaptable objects/systems to make these systems more user-friendly. However, the complexity of some state-of-the-art biometric systems (e.g., iris recognition) or their high false rejection rate (e.g., fingerprint recognition) is neither compatible with the simple hardware architecture required by reduced-size devices nor the new trend of implementing smart objects within the dynamic market of the Internet of Things (IoT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719469/insm1-demonstrates-superior-performance-to-the-individual-and-combined-use-of-synaptophysin-chromogranin-and-cd56-for-diagnosing-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-thoracic-cavity
#12
Lisa M Rooper, Rajni Sharma, Qing Kay Li, Peter B Illei, William H Westra
Despite the importance of recognizing neuroendocrine differentiation when diagnosing tumors of the thoracic cavity, the sensitivity of traditional neuroendocrine markers is suboptimal, particularly for high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas such as small cell lung carcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. To increase sensitivity, neuroendocrine markers are routinely ordered as panels of multiple immunostains where any single positive marker is regarded as sufficient evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719460/the-association-between-perceived-stress-and-low-back-pain-among-eldercare-workers-in-japan
#13
Yamato Tsuboi, Yuya Ueda, Fumihiro Naruse, Rei Ono
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between perceived stress and low back pain (LBP) among Japanese eldercare workers. METHODS: Self-reported questionnaires were completed regarding perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale-14), presence of memorable LBP in the preceding month, and other relevant factors (age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, job demands, job control, and social support) among 954 eldercare workers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719454/the-difference-in-clinical-outcomes-after-anterior-cervical-fusion-disk-replacement-and-foraminotomy-in-professional-athletes
#14
Harry T Mai, Danielle S Chun, Andrew D Schneider, Andrew C Hecht, Joseph C Maroon, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECT: To compare postoperative outcomes of professional athletes treated for cervical disk herniation after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior foraminotomy (PF), or total disk replacement (TDR). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF, PF, and TDR have all led to excellent outcomes in the general population but the unique demands in the professional athlete necessitate specific study...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719142/changing-prevalence-of-severe-congenital-heart-disease-results-from-the-national-register-for-congenital-heart-defects-in-germany
#15
Constanze Pfitzer, Paul C Helm, Hannah Ferentzi, Lisa-Maria Rosenthal, Ulrike M M Bauer, Felix Berger, Katharina R L Schmitt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in Germany in relation to phenotypes, severity and gender. DESIGN: Cross-sectional registry study. SETTING: We analyzed data from patients with CHD born between 1996 and 2015. PATIENTS: A total of 26 630 patients, registered with the NRCHD, were born between 1996 and 2015. 10 927 patients were excluded from the current analysis due to prior registration with the NRCHD under the German PAN Prevalence Study, which showed a potential bias in the inclusion of this patient population (proportion of mild cardiac lesions was comparatively high due to improved diagnostic capability for earlier identifying minor lesions)...
July 18, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718954/power-profiles-in-multifocal-contact-lenses-with-variable-multifocal-zone
#16
Daniel Monsálvez-Romín, Alberto Domínguez-Vicent, Santiago García-Lázaro, José J Esteve-Taboada, Alejandro Cerviño
BACKGROUND: The power profile of multifocal contact lenses has been demonstrated to report important information that could be used during the fitting process. The aim of this work is to describe the power profile of a recent set of gas permeable multifocal contact lenses as a function of the pupil radius. METHODS: The measured multifocal contact lenses have a centre-distance design, and are available with five distance-vision diameters (XS, S, M, L and XL) and two different additions: Type A (up to +2...
July 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718950/radiofrequency-ablation-for-the-management-of-thyroid-nodules-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Roberto Cesareo, Andrea Palermo, Valerio Pasqualini, Roberto Cianni, Gianluigi Gaspa, Silvia Manfrini, Claudio Maurizio Pacella
The majority of benign thyroid nodules are asymptomatic, remain stable in size, and do not require treatment. However, a minority of patients with growing nodules may have local symptoms or cosmetic concerns, and thus demand surgical therapy. The timely use of ultrasound-guided, minimally invasive thermal therapies has changed the natural history of benign, enlarging thyroid nodules (TNs). These procedures produce persistent shrinkage of TNs and an improvement of local symptoms. Among the various procedures, percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) represents the first-line treatment for thyroid cysts, while in solid cold nodules, laser and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) have proven to be very effective and safe techniques in producing significant volume reduction that remains stable over several years...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718941/child-understandings-of-the-causation-of-childhood-burn-injuries-child-activity-parental-domestic-demands-and-impoverished-settings
#18
N Titi, A van Niekerk, R Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Burns are a global public health problem. In South Africa, the rate of paediatric burn deaths is 5 times higher than other upper middle-income countries, with concentrations in impoverished settings. Globally, the majority of research focuses on expert and caregiver descriptions of burn occurrence, causation, and prevention, with limited consideration of children's perspectives. This study investigated children's understanding of the causation and prevention of childhood burns...
July 18, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718880/-i-just-don-t-want-to-connect-my-life-with-this-occupation-working-class-young-men-manual-labour-and-social-mobility-in-contemporary-russia
#19
Charlie Walker
A key strand in the Western literature on working-class masculinities focuses on whether young men are capable of the feminized performances apparently required of them in new service economies. However, the wider literature on processes of neoliberalization - emphasizing the 'hollowing out' of labour markets, the cultural devaluation of lower-skilled forms of employment, and the pathologization of working-class lives - would suggest that it is as much a classed as a gendered transformation that is demanded of young men leaving school with few qualifications...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718865/-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-li-cbt-an-introduction-in-concepts-and-framework
#20
Pascal Wabnitz, Michael Löhr, André Nienaber, Bruno Hemkendreis, Klaus Thomas Kronmüller, Michael Schulz
Low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (LI-CBT) depicts interventions that aim at increasing access to evidence-based psychological therapies. This is achieved by (1) reducing the amount of time in which the practitioner is in contact with individual patients, (2) using practitioners that have been specifically trained to deliver low intensity interventions and without any prior formal health professional qualifications and (3) use of interventions with varying intensity. Stepped care and collaborative care constitute the organizational frame to deliver low-intensity interventions...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
keyword
keyword
68889
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"