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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351712/-immigrated-physicians-chances-and-challenges
#1
Isabel Hohmann, Heide Glaesmer, Yuriy Nesterko
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the health care infrastructure of Germany a demand for physicians with immigrant background exists. The situation of immigrated physicians is largely unexplored so far. In the framework of a pilot study stressors and resources of physicians with immigrant background have been explored concerning their migration-related experiences at German hospitals, and within the medical team. METHODS: As part of a qualitative analysis 8 physicians with immigrant background have been interviewed (problem-centered interview) from July to September 2014...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351661/estimation-of-measurement-uncertainty-in-quantitation-of-benzoylecgonine-bze-and-11-nor-%C3%AE-9-thc-9-carboxylic-acid-thca
#2
Darryl P Arfsten, Erick Roman Perez, Neal C Goebel
Calculating measurement uncertainty is a helpful exercise for identifying components or steps in a forensic analytical procedure that contribute to measurement variance. In this study, we used a bottom up approach to identify components in our procedures that contribute to measurement variance in our Department of Defense (DoD) Drug Demand Reduction Program (DDRP) Gas Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy (GCMS) analytical procedures for benzoylecgonine (BZE) and the THC metabolite, 11-nor-Δ9-THC-9-carboxylic acid (THCA) at 125% the DDRP concentration threshold (cutoff)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351632/presenteeism-in-academic-employees-occupational-and-individual-factors
#3
G Kinman, S Wray
Background: There is growing evidence that presenteeism can be damaging for individuals and organizations. It is, therefore, important to identify the prevalence of working while sick in different working environments and the factors that contribute to such behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of self-reported presenteeism in academic staff working in UK universities and colleges and the extent to which job demands, control, support and work engagement are risk factors...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351554/field-data-based-mathematical-modeling-by-bode-equations-and-vector-fitting-algorithm-for-renewable-energy-applications
#4
A H Sabry, W Z W Hasan, M Z A Ab Kadir, M A M Radzi, S Shafie
The power system always has several variations in its profile due to random load changes or environmental effects such as device switching effects when generating further transients. Thus, an accurate mathematical model is important because most system parameters vary with time. Curve modeling of power generation is a significant tool for evaluating system performance, monitoring and forecasting. Several numerical techniques compete to fit the curves of empirical data such as wind, solar, and demand power rates...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351311/the-quality-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-done-by-mid-level-workers-in-tshwane-district-south-africa-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Sanele Ngcobo, Jacqueline Elizabeth Wolvaardt, Martin Bac, Elize Webb
BACKGROUND: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces the acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in heterosexual men by up to 60%. One HIV infection is averted for every 5 to 15 VMMCs. To conduct VMMCs in large populations, large numbers of trained healthcare professionals are needed. Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have a high burden of HIV and a shortage of healthcare professionals, creating a healthcare conundrum. To bridge this gap, South Africa launched a new cadre of mid-level medical worker called Clinical Associates (CA)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351266/from-extraction-of-local-structures-of-protein-energy-landscapes-to-improved-decoy-selection-in-template-free-protein-structure-prediction
#6
Nasrin Akhter, Amarda Shehu
Due to the essential role that the three-dimensional conformation of a protein plays in regulating interactions with molecular partners, wet and dry laboratories seek biologically-active conformations of a protein to decode its function. Computational approaches are gaining prominence due to the labor and cost demands of wet laboratory investigations. Template-free methods can now compute thousands of conformations known as decoys, but selecting native conformations from the generated decoys remains challenging...
January 19, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351240/machine-learning-and-infrared-thermography-for-fiber-orientation-assessment-on-randomly-oriented-strands-parts
#7
Henrique Fernandes, Hai Zhang, Alisson Figueiredo, Fernando Malheiros, Luis Henrique Ignacio, Stefano Sfarra, Clemente Ibarra-Castanedo, Gilmar Guimaraes, Xavier Maldague
The use of fiber reinforced materials such as randomly-oriented strands has grown in recent years, especially for manufacturing of aerospace composite structures. This growth is mainly due to their advantageous properties: they are lighter and more resistant to corrosion when compared to metals and are more easily shaped than continuous fiber composites. The resistance and stiffness of these materials are directly related to their fiber orientation. Thus, efficient approaches to assess their fiber orientation are in demand...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351235/quadrilateral-micro-hole-array-machining-on-invar-thin-film-wet-etching-and-electrochemical-fusion-machining
#8
Woong-Kirl Choi, Seong-Hyun Kim, Seung-Geon Choi, Eun-Sang Lee
Ultra-precision products which contain a micro-hole array have recently shown remarkable demand growth in many fields, especially in the semiconductor and display industries. Photoresist etching and electrochemical machining are widely known as precision methods for machining micro-holes with no residual stress and lower surface roughness on the fabricated products. The Invar shadow masks used for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) contain numerous micro-holes and are currently machined by a photoresist etching method...
January 19, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351222/association-between-work-related-stress-and-health-related-quality-of-life-the-impact-of-socio-demographic-variables-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-region-of-central-italy
#9
Giuseppe La Torre, Cristina Sestili, Alice Mannocci, Alessandra Sinopoli, Massimiliano De Paolis, Sara De Francesco, Laura Rapaccini, Marco Barone, Valentina Iodice, Bruno Lojodice, Sabina Sernia, Simone De Sio, Angela Del Cimmuto, Maria De Giusti
The aim of this work is investigate relationship between health-related quality of life and work-related stress and the impact of gender, education level, and age on this relationship. A cross-sectional study was conducted among workers of various setting in Rome and Frosinone. Work-related stress was measured with a demand-control questionnaire and health-related functioning by SF (short form)-12 health survey. There were 611 participants. Men reported high mental composite summary (MCS) and physical composite summary (PCS)...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351215/multi-sensor-data-integration-using-deep-learning-for-characterization-of-defects-in-steel-elements
#10
Grzegorz Psuj
Nowadays, there is a strong demand for inspection systems integrating both high sensitivity under various testing conditions and advanced processing allowing automatic identification of the examined object state and detection of threats. This paper presents the possibility of utilization of a magnetic multi-sensor matrix transducer for characterization of defected areas in steel elements and a deep learning based algorithm for integration of data and final identification of the object state. The transducer allows sensing of a magnetic vector in a single location in different directions...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351195/seeing-context-through-metaphor-using-communications-research-to-bring-a-social-determinants-perspective-to-public-thinking-about-child-abuse-and-neglect
#11
Nathaniel Kendall-Taylor, Kate Stanley
Human beings think in metaphor and reason through analogy. The metaphors through which we think influence how we understand and feel about social issues as well as the actions that we see as appropriate and important. Metaphors can be used to increase understanding of how issues work and increase the salience of a given issue, build support for programs and policies necessary to address the issue, and instigate demand for change and civic action. In this paper, we use a mixed methods research design, including brief qualitative interviews, experimental surveys, and focus groups, to test the ability of different metaphors to influence public understanding of the social determinants of child abuse and neglect in the UK...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351166/the-neuromuscular-biochemical-endocrine-and-mood-responses-to-small-sided-games-training-in-professional-soccer
#12
Sparkes W, Turner An, Weston M, Russell M, Johnston Mj, Kilduff Lp
The 24h responses to small-sided games (SSG) soccer training were characterized. Professional soccer players (n=16) performed SSG's (4vs4 + goalkeepers; 6x7-min, 2-min inter-set recovery) with performance (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), physiological (blood creatine kinase: CK, lactate; salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood measures collected before (baseline), and after (immediately; 0h, +2h, +24h). For PPO and JH, possibly small-moderate reductions occurred at 0h (-1.1W·kg; ±0.9W·kg, -3...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351148/women-s-health-outpatient-care-teams-focus-on-advanced-practice-providers
#13
Monica Slinkard Philipp, Jody Stonehocker
Team-based care in the outpatient women's health setting has the potential to help alleviate the demand for women's health care providers and to deliver improved quality of care to the growing population of US women. Although teamwork is necessary in the current health care system, most of the current obstetrics and gynecology and advanced practice provider (APP) workforce were not trained for collaborative practice. Core competencies for building an effective outpatient women's health care team are explained and current evidence regarding the specific role of APPs in women's health care is reviewed...
March 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351092/political-ideology-confidence-in-science-and-participation-in-alzheimer-disease-research-studies
#14
Matthew Gabel, Jonathan Gooblar, Catherine M Roe, Natalie J Selsor, John C Morris
BACKGROUND: Americans' confidence in science varies based on their political ideology. This ideological divide has potentially important effects on citizens' engagement with and participation in clinical studies of Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS: A probability sample of 1583 Americans was surveyed about their willingness to participate in longitudinal AD research and about their political attitudes. These survey results were compared with a survey of 382 participants in a longitudinal AD study at the Knight Alzheimer Disease Research Center...
January 18, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351015/temperature-dependent-growth-and-fission-rate-plasticity-drive-seasonal-and-geographic-changes-in-body-size-in-a-clonal-sea-anemone
#15
Will H Ryan
The temperature-size rule is a commonly observed pattern where adult body size is negatively correlated with developmental temperature. In part, this may occur as a consequence of allometric scaling, where changes in the ratio of surface area to mass limit oxygen diffusion as body size increases. As oxygen demand increases with temperature, a smaller body should be favored as temperature increases. For clonal animals, small changes in growth and/or fission rate can rapidly alter the average body size of clonal descendants...
February 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350781/effects-of-work-environment-and-job-characteristics-on-the-turnover-intention-of-experienced-nurses-the-mediating-role-of-work-engagement
#16
Qiaoqin Wan, Zhaoyang Li, Weijiao Zhou, Shaomei Shang
AIM: To assess turnover intention among experienced nurses and explore the effects of work environment, job characteristics and work engagement on turnover intention. BACKGROUND: The nursing shortage is an urgent concern in China. A high turnover rate of experienced nurses could have serious effects on the quality of care, costs and the efficiency of hospitals. It is crucial to explore the predictors of turnover intention and develop strategies tailored to experienced nurses...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350749/quality-characteristics-of-a-low-fat-beef-patty-enriched-by-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-d3
#17
Inmaculada Gómez, María Victoria Sarriés, Francisco C Ibañez, María José Beriain
Olive and linseed oils have high contents of oleic acid and n-3 fatty acids (FA), respectively. Vitamin D3 , an essential nutrient, is in low contents in meat. This study investigated the potential application of olive and linseed oils' mixture as a backfat replacer, and vitamin D3 as a supplement, in order to develop a product enriched by polyunsaturated FAs and vitamin D3 . Two treatments were manufactured: conventional (C: 0% emulsion, 0 μg vitamin D3 /100 g product) and modified (M: 10.9% emulsion/, 8...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350726/3d-assembly-of-ti3c2-mxene-directed-by-water-oil-interfaces
#18
Renji Bian, Ruizhi Lin, Guilin Wang, Gang Lu, Weiqiang Zhi, Shanglin Xiang, Tingwei Wang, Paul S Clegg, Dongyu Cai, Wei Huang
MXene is an emerging class of 2D materials exfoliated from ternary carbide and nitride ceramics. The exfoliation process, which is an acid etching approach, functionalizes the MXene surface with -OH, -O and -F groups. These functional groups offer significant opportunities for tuning the colloidal properties of the MXene nanoblocks; importantly, this tunability points the way towards a facile route for assembling these nanoblocks into 3D architectures that are in demand for many applications. This route, presented for the first time here, uses water/oil interfaces for assembling Ti3C2-MXene in 3D architectures...
January 19, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350652/complications-associated-with-brachioplasty-a-literature-review
#19
Andrea Sisti, Roberto Cuomo, Luca Milonia, Juri Tassinari, Antonio Castagna, Antonio Castagna, Cesare Brandi, Luca Grimaldi, Carlo D'Aniello, Giuseppe Nisi
BACKGROUND: Paralleling the growth of bariatric surgery, the demand for post-bariatric body-contouring surgery is increasing. Weight loss is the main cause, although not the only one, that drives patients to arm lift surgery. Several surgical techniques have been proposed over the years. Our aim was to consider the complications and outcomes according to the performed technique, through a wide review of the literature. METHODS: A search on PubMed/Medline was performed using "brachioplasty", "upper arm lifting", and "techniques" as key words...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350628/inkjet-printing-and-electrical-characterisation-of-dna-templated-cadmium-sulfide-nanowires
#20
Raushan Nurdillayeva, Atsinafe Oshido, Thomas Bamford, Osama El-Zubir, Andrew Houlton, John Hedley, Andrew Pike, Benjamin Horrocks
Cadmium sulfide can be templated on -DNA molecules to form an aqueous dispersion of CdS/-DNA nanowires. Subsequent addition of ethylene glycol to 50% v/v is sufficient to formulate an ink suitable for printing using piezoelectric drop-on-demand technology. Printed droplet arrays show a coffee-ring morphology of individual deposits by fluorescence and Raman microscopy, but upon increasing the number of layers of printed material by repeated printing over each droplet, the dry deposit approaches closer to a disc shape...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
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